Page semi-protected

1989 (Taylor Swift album)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
1989
A polaroid of Swift with shoulder-length blonde hair wearing red lipstick and a long-sleeved sweater with a picture of birds in the sky. Her face is cut off by the frame above the nose and "T. S." and "1989" are written on the white polaroid frame with black marker.
Studio album by Taylor Swift
Released October 27, 2014 (2014-10-27)
Recorded 2013–14
Genre
Length 48:41
Label Big Machine
Producer
Taylor Swift chronology
Red
(2012)
1989
(2014)
The 1989 World Tour Live
(2015)
Singles from 1989
  1. "Shake It Off"
    Released: August 18, 2014
  2. "Blank Space"
    Released: November 10, 2014
  3. "Style"
    Released: February 9, 2015
  4. "Bad Blood"
    Released: May 17, 2015
  5. "Wildest Dreams"
    Released: August 31, 2015
  6. "Out of the Woods"
    Released: February 5, 2016
  7. "New Romantics"
    Released: February 23, 2016

1989 is the fifth studio album by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift. It was released on October 27, 2014, through Big Machine Records. Swift began preparing for the album during the same year which Red was released, and during a significant amount of media scrutiny. Over the course of the two-year songwriting period, she primarily collaborated with producers Max Martin and Shellback—Martin served as the album's executive producer alongside Swift. Named after Swift's birth year, the album's title was inspired by the pop music scene of the 1980s.

The album represents a departure from the country music of her previous albums, and is described by Swift as her "first documented official pop album."[4] In contrast to Swift's previous work, the production of 1989 consists of drum programming, synthesizers, pulsating bass, processed backing vocals, and guitars. 1989 received generally positive reviews from contemporary music critics and it was ranked as one of the best albums of 2014 by several publications, including Billboard, Time, and Rolling Stone.

After debuting at number one on the US Billboard 200, 1989 sold 1.287 million copies during the first week of release. The total US sales figure from the debut week of 1989 was the highest since 2002, and made Swift the first artist to sell one million or more copies of an album in a week-long period for three albums. 1989 eventually became the best-selling album of 2014 in the US market and has sold over 6 milion as of January 2017, while selling 9.5 million worldwide. Seven singles have been released from the set: "Shake It Off", "Blank Space", and "Bad Blood" all reached number one on the US Billboard Hot 100, while "Style" peaked at number six, "Wildest Dreams" at number five, and "Out of the Woods" peaking at number 18 in 2014. The first five singles have all reached number one on the Adult Top 40 and Mainstream Top 40 and all have received a multi-platinum certification from the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).

1989 won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year, making Swift the first and only female credited main artist so far to win the top prize at the ceremony twice with her own works, having previously won in 2010 for Fearless, and her third nomination overall after Red in 2014. The album also won Best Pop Vocal Album, Swift's first victory in the category. The first two singles "Shake It Off" (in 2015) and "Blank Space" (in 2016) were both nominated for Record of the Year, Song of the Year and Best Pop Solo Performance. The "Bad Blood" remix featuring Kendrick Lamar was nominated for Best Pop Duo/Group Performance and won the award for Best Music Video.

Background

Swift released her fourth studio album, Red, on October 22, 2012.[5] The album marked a change in Swift's musical style with the experimentation of heartland rock, dubstep and dance-pop.[6][7] Red was a commercial success and debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 with first-week sales of 1.21 million copies. This was the highest opening sales in a decade and ultimately made Swift the first woman to have two albums sell more than a million copies in their first week.[8] To promote the album Swift embarked on the North American leg of her Red Tour, which ran from March to September 2013. The tour visited arenas and stadiums in North America, New Zealand, Australia, England, Germany and Asia.[9] In the Red era, Swift's romantic life became the subject of intense media scrutiny. Gawker remarked that Swift had dated "every man in the universe."[10] The New York Times asserted that her "dating history has begun to stir what feels like the beginning of a backlash" and questioned whether Swift was in the midst of a "quarter-life crisis."[11] During both the Red Tour and media scrutiny, Swift began work on 1989.[12]

Writing and recording

Parts of the album were recorded at Jungle City Studios (pictured).

Following the release of her fourth studio album, Red, and its corresponding tour, Swift was "six months deep in the songwriting process."[12] In November 2013, the singer told Billboard: "There are probably seven or eight [songs] that I know I want on the record. It's already evolved into a new sound, and that's all I wanted."[13] During the promotion for the album, Swift said that she "woke up every single day not wanting, but needing to make a new style of music than I'd ever made before".[14] Swift explained in a January 2015 interview that she was "very proud" that she made a pop album because she "wanted to", and "there was no-one else influencing" her.[15] Recording sessions for the album took place at Conway Studios in Los Angeles, Jungle City Studios in New York, Lamby's House Studios in Brooklyn, MXM Studios in Stockholm, Sweden; Pain In The Art Studio in Nashville, Studio Elevator Nobody in Göteborg, Sweden and The Hideaway Studio.[16]

In February 2014, Swift confirmed she was again working with Martin and Shellback, with whom she had collaborated for the writing of three songs on Red. This time, they were writing "a lot more than three songs together."[17] Swift's friend Jack Antonoff,[18] with whom Swift had previously collaborated, and Ryan Tedder[19] also worked on the album. Antonoff co-wrote and co-produced the songs "Out of the Woods", "I Wish You Would" and "You Are in Love", with the third track only appearing on the United States Target, Target Canada, and international deluxe version. The band Fine Young Cannibals was identified as an influence, by both Swift and Antonoff; the latter explained in September 2014:

The moment when we shifted from friendship into working together was when we were talking about the snare drum on Fine Young Cannibals' "She Drives Me Crazy" ... Taylor [Swift] brought it up first, and I was like, "Holy shit, you're not going to believe this: I just sampled that snare in a track." I played her one second of it on my iPhone, and she was like, "Send me that track."[18]

The track that Antonoff recorded on his iPhone eventually became "I Wish You Would", while Swift believes that the Fine Young Cannibals song is "timeless".[18] Tedder co-wrote and co-produced two songs with Swift—"I Know Places" and "Welcome to New York"—after she contacted Tedder through a smartphone voice memo. The pair scheduled studio time on the day after Tedder received the memo and recorded "I Know Places".[20]

In September 2014, Swift told Rolling Stone that one of the songs on the album was taken "straight from the pages of my journal"; although the name of the song is unknown, Swift mentioned "Out of the Woods" as part of her interview response. In regard to "Out of the Woods", Antonoff said: "Part of it reads like a diary, and parts of it read like something 100,000 people should be screaming all together. It's got these very big lines that everybody can relate to, which are given weight by her being really honest about personal things."[18] "Out of the Woods" marked the first time that Swift had written a song over an existing track—Antonoff sent an early version of the song to Swift, who then added vocals and lyrics within a 30-minute time frame.[21]

Music and lyrics

I have a few artists in the late eighties who I think made the most incredible, bold, risky decisions as far as pop music goes. They were really ahead of their time, like Annie Lennox and what Madonna was doing in the late eighties. "Like a Prayer" is legitimately one of the greatest pop songs of all time.

 — Swift speaking about her inspiration for the album during an interview with Kiss FM.[22]

Swift first announced the album on August 18, 2014. She described it as her "first documented, official pop album", stating that she was inspired by late 1980s pop during the recording period.[4] Musically, 1989 is a synthpop and dance-pop album[2][3] that features more electronic production than her previous releases. The album contains drum programming and synthesizers provided by Martin, and the production is backed by a pulsating bass (Yamaha DX7), processed backing vocals, and guitars, the latter of which provide "texture", as described by Jem Aswad of Billboard, who states that "an acoustic [guitar] is audible on just one song."[23]

Swift described 1989 as the most "sonically cohesive" studio album she has ever made.[14] In an interview with Kiss FM (UK), Swift confirmed that the title was inspired by the music developed in her birth year, 1989, which she had re-discovered.[22] In September, Swift told Rolling Stone magazine that Martin, New York City, her journal, Fine Young Cannibals and a sense of experimentation were the key influences underpinning the album. In relation to experimentation, Swift elaborated on the music of the 1980s:

It [the 1980s] was a very experimental time in pop music ... People realized songs didn't have to be this standard drums-guitar-bass-whatever. We can make a song with synths and a drum pad. We can do group vocals the entire song. We can do so many different things. And I think what you saw happening with music was also happening in our culture, where people were just wearing whatever crazy colors they wanted to, because why not? There just seemed to be this energy about endless opportunities, endless possibilities, endless ways you could live your life. And so with this record, I thought, "There are no rules to this. I don't need to use the same musicians I've used, or the same band, or the same producers, or the same formula. I can make whatever record I want."[18]

Musically, 1989 was influenced by some of Swift's favorite 1980s pop acts, including Annie Lennox, Phil Collins and "'Like a Prayer'-era Madonna".[24] The songwriter explained in an October 2014 television interview that, in terms of lyrics, she was inspired by the process of self-discovery that occurred during the two years prior to the release of 1989.[25] Her songwriting was described as "unmistakably Swift", by Aswad, who noted Swift's "polysyllabic melodies and playful/-provocative lyrics". However, Aswad noted that Martin and other key collaborators helped Swift's lyrics become more "seasoned and subtle ... than in the past." The album's lyrical content, in accordance with Swift's signature style, is concerned with love and relationships, with an emphasis placed upon the complexities of both.[23] Swift said her lyrical inspiration behind 1989 was John Hughes films.[26]

Composition

The opening synthpop track "Welcome to New York" is Swift's tribute to the city that she relocated to in 2014, prior to the album release date.[27] Lyrically, the song sees Swift supporting equality for the LGBT community.[28][29] "Blank Space" is a minimalist electropop song.[30] Many critics compared the song, which parodies Swift's recent exposure in the media—she was portrayed as "an overly attached man-eater who dates for songwriting material"—to the music of fellow pop artist Lorde.[31] "Style" has been described as a pop rock, electropop,[32] post-disco,[33] and funk-pop[34] song. NME wrote, "so '80s-indebted with its thick piano-house and uplifting 'Take me home' coda, echoes the retro-modern atmosphere conjured by the slinky cool of Electric Youth and Blood Orange.[35]

"Out of the Woods" is a synthpop song, and the first song for which Swift wrote lyrics to a pre-existing track.[21] Martin produced Swift's vocals for the song.[36] Featuring heavy synths and percussion, Antonoff described that the song is given an arrangement that combines both 1980s and modern elements. A Yamaha DX7 is used for the 1980s-tinged sounds apparent on most parts of the song, but they are countered with the Minimoog Voyager during the chorus sections.[21] "All You Had to Do Was Stay" was inspired by a dream of Swift's rather than a real-life romance. Swift recalled: "I was trying to talk to someone important ... And that's all that would come out of my mouth. I woke up so weirded out!"[37] "Shake It Off" is an uptempo pop song with a sound that is in stark contrast to Swift's previous releases,[38] and consists of a central saxophone line.[39] Jason Lipshutz from Billboard compared the song's melody to that of Macklemore & Ryan Lewis' song "Thrift Shop" (2013).[40] Lyrically, the song is dedicated to Swift's detractors. Swift explained that, "I've learned a pretty tough lesson that people can say whatever they want about us at any time, and we cannot control that. The only thing we can control is our reaction to that."[41]

"I Wish You Would" is another song that Swift wrote with Antonoff. Like "Out of the Woods", the song was written to a track Antonoff sampled and lyrically describes a boy who "[drives] past an ex-girlfriend's house and he thinks she hates him but she's still in love with him."[citation needed][42] The electropop song "Bad Blood" was written about an unnamed female musical artist; Swift says the artist attempted to sabotage one of her concert tours by hiring people who worked for her.[43] "Wildest Dreams" is the ninth song in the album. The song features a recording of Swift's own heartbeat which serves as the beat of the song. "How You Get the Girl" was described by Swift as an "instruction manual for men". She told Us Weekly, "It's written for a guy who has broken up with his girlfriend, then wants her back after six months," and added, "but it's not going to be as simple as sending a text like, 'Sup? Miss you.'"[37] "This Love" was originally a poem Swift wrote in late 2013 which evolved into the song.[44] "I Know Places" features imagery of foxes representing Swift and her lover being pursued by "hunters", the media. Swift has once said her spirit animal is a fox for the same reason.[45] "Clean" describes Swift ridding herself of a metaphorical addiction; it is interpreted as the singer casting off relationships in favor of self-enlightenment.[46]

The deluxe version of the album, available in Target stores in the US and through iTunes distribution internationally, features the following three additional tracks: "Wonderland", "You Are in Love", and "New Romantics", plus three voice memos describing the production of "Blank Space", "I Wish You Would", and "I Know Places".[47] As with Swift's previous albums, each song on the standard album is accompanied by a short "secret message", encoded in capitalized or decapitalized letters within the album's lyric book. In 1989, the secret messages, each corresponding to a track on the album, form a thirteen-sentence story:

We begin our story in New York. There once was a girl known by everyone and no one. Her heart belonged to someone who couldn't stay. They loved each other recklessly. They paid the price. She danced to forget him. He drove past her street each night. She made friends and enemies. He only saw her in his dreams. Then one day he came back. Timing is a funny thing. And everyone was watching. She lost him but she found herself and somehow that was everything.[48]

"Wonderland" makes frequent allusions to the novel Alice's Adventures in Wonderland,[42] and is known for a "bass drop" in the first chorus.[49] It was released as a promotional single in the US on February 17, 2015; the other two bonus tracks are also planned to become singles. "You Are In Love" describes a happy, if surreal, relationship. "New Romantics" is the final song on the deluxe album; its name references the New Romanticism movement.[42][50] Thematically, the song resembles "Shake It Off", as it addresses popular criticism of Swift and her fans.[51]

Singles

On August 18, 2014, Swift premiered the album's lead single, "Shake It Off", which was cowritten with Martin and Shellback, and produced by Martin and Shellback. The music video, directed by Mark Romanek, was also premiered during the live stream. It features professional dancers, Swift, and several fans picked from Instagram, Twitter, and fan letters she received.[4] The song debuted at number one on the Billboard Hot 100, and remained for four weeks.[52]

On October 21, 2014, Swift accidentally released the track "Track 3", under the album's name, due to an iTunes glitch. The track, which consisted of 8 seconds of white noise, topped the Canadian iTunes chart. It was subsequently removed.[53][54][55][56]

Swift's second single from 1989, "Blank Space", appeared on the Mainstream Top 40, Rhythmic Top 40, and Hot AC radio on November 10.[57] The music video for the song was leaked on the same day by Yahoo!, after which time Swift released the video on Vevo—Yahoo! pulled their version offline after Swift's prompt response.[58] "Blank Space" went to number one on the Billboard Hot 100 and stayed for seven weeks, making Swift's longest chart-leader to date.[59]

"Style" was released as the third single from 1989 on February 9, 2015 according to the Big Machine sister/affiliate label Republic Records, which used the term "impacts" to signify the Hot AC release.[60][61] The music video for the track was released on February 13, 2015, featuring Swift in the woods and having various flashbacks about her and her boyfriend, played by Dominic Sherwood.[62] "Style" peaked at number six on the Billboard Hot 100.[63]

Both the fourth single "Bad Blood" and its music video were released on May 17, 2015, with the latter premiering at the opening of the 2015 Billboard Music Awards. The music video features many of Swift's friends including Karlie Kloss, Lena Dunham and Selena Gomez, while the single is actually a remix collaboration with hip hop artist Kendrick Lamar, who also appears in the video.[64][65] The music video also includes Lily Aldridge, Zendaya, Hayley Williams, Gigi Hadid, Ellie Goulding, Hailee Steinfeld, Jessica Alba, Serayah, Martha Hunt, Ellen Pompeo, Mariska Hargitay, Cara Delevingne and Cindy Crawford, all of whom chose their individual character’s name and persona.[66] "Bad Blood" peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100.[67]

"Wildest Dreams" was released as the fifth single from 1989.[68] A slight remix of the song officially impacted Adult Contemporary radio on August 31, 2015[69] and Mainstream radio on September 1, 2015.[70] The music video for the song premiered at the 2015 MTV VMA's on August 30, 2015, and was directed by Joseph Kahn.[71] "Wildest Dreams" peaked at number five on the Billboard Hot 100.[72]

In December 2015, Billboard magazine reported that "Out of the Woods" would serve as the sixth official single. The accompanying music video premiered on Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve with Ryan Seacrest on ABC on December 31, 2015.[73] It was released to radio on February 5, 2016.[74] "Out of the Woods" peaked at number 18 on the Hot 100 after being released as a promotional single in 2014.[75]

"New Romantics" was released to contemporary hit radio on February 23, 2016 as the seventh and final single from the album.[76] The music video was uploaded to Vevo and YouTube on April 13, 2016, and features various clips from The 1989 World Tour.[77] "New Romantics" is the lowest peaking single from 1989, peaking at number 46 on the Hot 100 in April 2016.[78]

Release and promotion

Swift began teasing an announcement in August 2014. On August 4, she posted a video on Instagram in which she pushes the number 18 in an elevator.[79] On August 6, she tweeted an image of the time "5:00", and the next day a screenshot from a Yahoo! homepage.[80] She then unveiled the album cover, a Polaroid picture with "T. S. 1989" written underneath.[4]

The first single from the album, "Shake It Off", was revealed during a worldwide live video stream hosted by Swift in partnership with Yahoo! on August 18—Swift said during the stream that she was told it was the first-ever global stream of its kind. A live studio audience was also present, as Swift spoke about 1989 and the two-year writing and recording process.[14] An audio stream of the album was made available in on the same date as the worldwide video stream, and consumers could pre-order 1989 after the stream was taken down.[4] As part of the 1989 promotional campaign the next month, Swift invited fans to secret album-listening sessions, called the "1989 Secret Sessions", at her houses in New York, Nashville, Los Angeles and Rhode Island, as well as in her hotel room in London. Swift conceived of the idea and the L.A. session was held on September 22.[81]

The album was released on October 27, 2014 in the US, with a standard 13-track edition released to retailers[4] and digital download sites,[82] while a deluxe edition, including three extra songs and three voice memos, was released exclusively by Target in the United States and Canada.[83] In Germany and the United Kingdom, the album was also released to wide retail and digital download—both were the standard 13-track edition—while the deluxe edition was released on the same day.[84][85][86][87][88][89][90][91] However, the album leaked online a few days before its official release.[92] In line with the album's visual theme, and to boost CD sales, Big Machine decided to include 13 of 65 collectible printed "polaroids" with every physical copy of 1989. Scott Borchetta, the record label's founder, claims that the idea came from Swift and her team.[93] The ploy reportedly boosted Polaroid Corporation's ailing sales.[94]

In order to promote the album, Swift released "Out of the Woods" as a countdown single from the album on October 14, 2014.[95] The following week, "Welcome to New York" was released as the second countdown single on October 20, 2014.[96] On October 28, Starbucks announced "This Love" as their Pick of the Week, offering a free iTunes download to customers.[citation needed]

On February 17, 2015, Swift announced that the deluxe edition songs of 1989, which were released to Target and internationally last October, will be making its way to the Apple retailer, one song at a time.[97] "Wonderland" was released on the same day, via iTunes Stores, as a digital download single from the deluxe edition of the album.[98] "You Are in Love" and "New Romantics" joined the track on the platform on February 24, 2015 and March 4, 2015, respectively.[97]

The album's supporting tour, The 1989 World Tour, began on May 5, 2015 in Tokyo, Japan. The first stage of the tour visited Europe and North America, before ending in Australia in December 2015. Australian artist Vance Joy supported Swift during the North American, European and Australian dates, while Shawn Mendes appeared at select North American shows.[99][100][101] Singer-songwriter James Bay was announced as the opening act for the German and Dutch dates in mid-January 2015,[102] while Californian band HAIM was announced as an opening act for select US shows on February 1, 2015.[103] The tour was also famous for Swift's surprise guests including Ed Sheeran, The Weeknd, Lorde, Lisa Kudrow, Matt LeBlanc, Ellen DeGeneres, Julia Roberts, Fetty Wap, Selena Gomez, Justin Timberlake, OMI, Wiz Khalifa, Steven Tyler, Keith Urban, Mick Jagger, Miranda Lambert and many more, on most dates of the North America shows.[104]

Critical reception

Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
Source Rating
AnyDecentMusic? 7.4/10[105]
Metacritic 76/100[106]
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 3/5 stars[107]
The A.V. Club B+[108]
Cuepoint A–[109]
The Daily Telegraph 4/5 stars[110]
The Guardian 4/5 stars[111]
Los Angeles Times 2/4 stars[112]
NME 7/10[113]
Rolling Stone 4/5 stars[114]
Slant Magazine 3.5/5 stars[115]
Spin 7/10[116]

1989 received mostly positive reviews from critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream publications, it received an average score of 76, based on 29 reviews.[117] Writing for Rolling Stone, Rob Sheffield wrote, "Deeply weird, feverishly emotional, wildly enthusiastic, 1989 sounds exactly like Taylor Swift, even when it sounds like nothing she's ever tried before."[114] In The Daily Telegraph, Neil McCormick said, "The immediate impression is slick; candyfloss cheerleading, full of American fizz."[118] Alexis Petridis from The Guardian says the album "deals in undeniable melodies and huge, perfectly turned choruses and nagging hooks. Its sound is a lovingly done reboot of the kind of late 80s MTV pop-rock exemplified by Jane Wiedlin's Rush Hour."[111] Jon Caramanica from The New York Times remarked that Swift was "making pop with almost no contemporary references" and "aiming somewhere even higher, a mode of timelessness that few true pop stars even bother aspiring to."[119]

Mikael Wood was less enthusiastic in his review for the Los Angeles Times, calling 1989 "a deeply catchy, sleekly-produced pop record with the slightly juiceless quality of an authorized biography, a would-be tell-all bleached of the detailed insight [Swift]'s trained us to expect from her."[112] Writing for AllMusic, Stephen Thomas Erlewine accused Swift of being aloof in celebrating temporal pop subjects on what he felt was an attempt to record "a sparkling soundtrack to an aspirational lifestyle".[107]

Accolades

1989 was included in several year-end lists. Rolling Stone ranked the album at number ten on their Best of 2015 list, saying "America's sweetheart has been writing perfect pop tunes since the day she hit Nashville."[120] Jon Caramanica of The New York Times ranked 1989 at number seven on his top ten albums list. Caramanica praised her country to pop transition, saying "This album’s biggest accomplishment is that in shifting from making the sort of music no one had really made before to making the sort of music many have made, Ms. Swift retained her self."[121] It was the best album of the year for Billboard, commenting "Many artists have attempted the sea change that Swift accomplished on 1989, but few have rendered that vision as successfully."[122] Pitchfork Media placed the album 31 on its year-end list.[123] Time staff ranked the album at number four on their "Top 10 Best Albums" of 2014, concluding "Country’s premiere princess is now pop’s heir apparent."[124] For Complex it was the eighth best album of 2014, stating "This is Swift the risk-taker, the new arrival who's brought with her a suitcase, a willingness to experiment, and a bit of confidence to do it her way."[125]

1989 received awards in the 2014 Billboard Music Awards and "Bad Blood" won Video of the Year at the 2015 MTV Video Music Awards with "Blank Space" also winning Best Female Video. An app, American Express Unstaged: Taylor Swift Experience, was released alongside the "Blank Space" video as a 360° experience. The app won the Emmy for Original Interactive Program at the 2015 ceremony, giving Swift her first Emmy Award.[126] 1989 won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year at the 58th Grammy Awards, making Swift the only female to win twice with her own works. The album also won Best Pop Vocal Album, while "Shake It Off" and "Blank Space" were both nominated for Record of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best Pop Solo Performance.[127][128] 1989 also won Album of the Year at the 3rd iHeartRadio Music Awards.[129]

Commercial performance

Predictions for the first week sales of 1989 in United States were continuously revised upwards, starting from 750,000 copies to 1.3 million.[130][131] The album eventually sold 1,287,000 copies during the first week of release in the US, debuting atop the Billboard 200 chart. Additional copies were sold for US$0.99 through a Microsoft promotion but were not included in the total due to a Nielsen SoundScan policy of not including sales priced under $3.99 within the first four weeks of a release.[132] The album's performance broke Swift's own personal sales record, and became the 19th album to sell over one million copies in a single week since SoundScan began tracking sales in 1991. It was the seventh-highest sales week in history, and the highest sales week since 2002, when Eminem's The Eminem Show sold 1.3 million units. Swift also became the first artist to release three albums that sold one million or more copies within a single week.[133]

The album remained at the top spot of the Billboard 200 during the second and third week of release, surpassing 2 million copies sold.[134][135][136] In its fourth week, the album was replaced by One Direction's Four,[137] but returned to number one again for the fourth time in its fifth week.[138] The album sold 200,000 or more copies in each of the 10 successive weeks after release, a feat last achieved by Usher's Confessions in 2004. 1989 eventually sold over 3,660,000 copies in 2014 and was the best-selling album in the US that year, ahead of Coldplay's Ghost Stories (745,000 copies).[139][140][141][142]

During the week ending January 18, 2015, the album sales surpassed 4 million copies.[143][144] 1989 is the first album to sell four million copies in the US since the week ending February 23, 2014, when Red crossed the four-million mark.[145] By early February 2015, in its 15th week of release, 1989 had topped the US chart for eleven non-consecutive weeks, establishing Swift as the female artist with the second-highest number of total weeks, with 35 weeks, in the number-one Billboard position for all of her albums—Whitney Houston's record total of 46 weeks at number one remained intact.[142][146] It spent a total of 24 consecutive weeks inside the top five of the Billboard 200, making it one of the nine albums to spend their first 24 weeks in the top five since 1963.[147] On March 13, 2015, Billboard announced that 1989 had outsold both of her previous two albums in the US after 19 weeks of release.[148] On October 27, 2015, the album became the fifth album to spend its first year of release in the top 10 of the Billboard 200.[149] It remained in the top 10 of the Billboard 200 until its 54th week of release.[150] By early 2017, 1989 has sold six million copies in the US.[151]

In Canada, the album debuted at number one on the Canadian Albums Chart, selling 107,000 copies.[152] In its second week, the album remained at number one with sales of 37,000, bringing its two-week sales total to 144,000 copies.[153] It went on to become Canada's best-selling album of the year, having sold 314,000 copies.[154] In the UK, 1989 sold 90,000 in its first week and debuted at number one on the UK Albums Chart. It became her second number-one album in the UK, following Red (2012), and was the fastest-selling female solo album in 2014.[155] To date, the album has sold 1.03 million copies in the UK.[156] According to the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry, 1989 sold 6 million copies in 2014[157] and 3.5 million copies in 2015,[158] meaning that the album sold a total of 9.5 million copies during both years.

Track listing

Standard version[159]
No. Title Writer(s) Producers Length
1. "Welcome to New York"  
3:32
2. "Blank Space"  
  • Martin
  • Shellback
3:51
3. "Style"  
  • Swift
  • Martin
  • Shellback
  • Ali Payami
  • Martin
  • Shellback
  • Payami
3:51
4. "Out of the Woods"  
  • Antonoff
  • Swift
  • Martin[a]
3:55
5. "All You Had to Do Was Stay"  
  • Swift
  • Martin
3:13
6. "Shake It Off"  
  • Swift
  • Martin
  • Shellback
  • Martin
  • Shellback
3:39
7. "I Wish You Would"  
  • Swift
  • Antonoff
3:27
8. "Bad Blood"  
  • Swift
  • Martin
  • Shellback
  • Martin
  • Shellback
3:31
9. "Wildest Dreams"  
  • Swift
  • Martin
  • Shellback
  • Martin
  • Shellback
3:40
10. "How You Get the Girl"  
  • Swift
  • Martin
  • Shellback
  • Martin
  • Shellback
4:07
11. "This Love"   Swift 4:10
12. "I Know Places"  
  • Swift
  • Tedder
  • Tedder
  • Zancanella
  • Swift
3:15
13. "Clean"  
  • Heap
  • Swift
4:30
Total length: 48:41
Notes
  • ^a signifies a vocal producer
  • ^b signifies an additional producer

Personnel

Credits are adapted from liner notes of 1989.[16]

Charts

Certifications

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Australia (ARIA)[225] Diamond 500,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[226] 2× Platinum 30,000*
Brazil (ABPD)[227] Platinum 40,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[228] 6× Platinum 495,000[154][229]
France 70,000[230]
Germany (BVMI)[231] Gold 100,000^
India (IMI)[232] 3× Platinum 60,000
Japan (RIAJ)[233] Platinum 250,000^
Mexico (AMPROFON)[234] 2× Platinum+Gold 150,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[235] 3× Platinum 45,000^
Poland (ZPAV)[236] 2× Platinum 40,000*
South Korea (Gaon) N/A 6,182[237]
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[238] Gold 20,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[239] Gold 15,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[240] 3× Platinum 1,030,000[156]
United States (RIAA)[241] 6× Platinum 6,005,000[151]

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

Release history

Country Date Version Format(s) Label Ref.
Worldwide October 27, 2014
  • Standard
  • deluxe
Big Machine [82][83]
[84][85][86][87]
[88][89][90][91]
Canada December 9, 2014 Standard Vinyl Big Machine [242]
United States [243]
Turkey December 10, 2014 CD [244]
Canada March 3, 2015 Deluxe Karaoke (digital download) [245]
May 14, 2015 Karaoke (CD+G) [246]
United States December 15, 2014 Standard Karaoke (digital download) [247][248]
April 14, 2015 Karaoke (CD+G/DVD) [249]
Mainland China December 30, 2014 Deluxe CD Universal Music [250]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Taylor Swift – 1989 – Album Reviews". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Graham, Adam (May 27, 2015). "Taylor's world: How Swift became pop's reigning queen". The Detroit News. Retrieved June 30, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b South Florida Sun-Sentinel (November 20, 2014). "Teenlink review: 1989 – Taylor Swift's synth-pop triumph — Sun Sentinel". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Mansfield, Brian (August 18, 2014). "Taylor Swift debuts 'Shake It Off,' reveals '1989' album". USA Today. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  5. ^ Willman, Chris (June 13, 2012). "Scott Borchetta on Taylor, Tim, Martina, the Band Perry ... and the Personalized Machinery of Big Machine". Yahoo! Music. Retrieved July 1, 2012. 
  6. ^ Alex Macpherson (October 18, 2012). "Taylor Swift: 'I want to believe in pretty lies'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved October 23, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Taylor Swift: Red | Music Review". Slant Magazine. Retrieved February 25, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Taylor Swift's 'Red' Sells 1.21 Million; Biggest Sales Week for an Album Since 2002". Billboard. September 14, 2009. Retrieved November 7, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Taylor Swift Announces 2014 Red Tour Dates in Asia". Theboot.com. February 13, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2014. 
  10. ^ 12/05/12 6:09pm 12/05/12 6:09pm (November 19, 2012). "Who Has Taylor Swift Dated: A Brief History of All The Men in the Universe". Gawker.com. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  11. ^ Chang, Bee-Shyuan (March 15, 2013). "Taylor Swift Gets Some Mud on Her Boots". The New York Times. Retrieved June 10, 2013. 
  12. ^ a b Talbott, Chris (October 12, 2013). "Taylor Swift talks next album, CMAs and Ed Sheeran". Associated Press. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  13. ^ Lipshutz, Jason; Caulfield, Keith (November 25, 2013). "Taylor Swift Talks Next Album at AMAs: 'We Got A Lot Already'". Billboard. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c Kelsey McKinney (19 August 2014). "The problem with Taylor Swift's new pop song: it's perfect". Vox. Vox Media, Inc. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  15. ^ "Taylor Swift Slams Hackers' Nude Photo Claims". Access Hollywood. NBCUniversal, Inc. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  16. ^ a b 1989 (Compact disc liner notes). Taylor Swift. Big Machine Records. 2014. BMRBD0500A. 
  17. ^ "Taylor Swift on new album, dating and keeping her clothes on". CNN. February 5, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2014. 
  18. ^ a b c d e "Taylor Swift Reveals Five Things to Expect on '1989'". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media, LLC. September 16, 2014. Retrieved September 16, 2014. 
  19. ^ Walker, John (October 20, 2014). "Taylor Swift's Finally 'Living In A Big Ol' City' In 'Welcome To New York'". MTV News. Retrieved October 26, 2014. 
  20. ^ Kathleen Perricone (20 October 2014). "Taylor Swift Gives Details on Recording 'I Know Places' With Ryan Tedder". AT40.com. AT40.com. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  21. ^ a b c Mansfield, Brian (October 14, 2014). "How Taylor Swift created 'Out of the Woods'". USA Today. Retrieved October 15, 2014. 
  22. ^ a b Taylor Swift: Interview, 1989. October 10, 2014. 12:44. (London) Kiss FM (UK)
  23. ^ a b Aswad, Jem (October 24, 2014). "Album Review: Taylor Swift's Pop Curveball Pays Off With '1989'". Billboard. Retrieved November 5, 2014. 
  24. ^ Eells, Josh (September 8, 2014). "The Reinvention of Taylor Swift". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 22, 2016. 
  25. ^ "Canada AM: Taylor Swift 1989 interview" (Video upload). TaySwiftVidz on YouTube. Google Inc. October 27, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2015. 
  26. ^ Daniel Kerps (October 19, 2015). "See Ryan Adams, Taylor Swift Discuss '1989,' Songwriting". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 20, 2015. 
  27. ^ Toomey, Alyssa (October 20, 2014). "Taylor Swift Talks New Single Welcome to New York, Says It's Very Sexist to Claim She Only Writes About Exes". E!. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  28. ^ Wickman, Forrest (October 20, 2014). "Taylor Swift 'Welcome to New York': New song from 1989 is a pro-gay, synth-pop anthem". Slate. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  29. ^ Kirk, Alexander (October 21, 2014). "TAYLOR SWIFT SUPPORTS EQUALITY IN NEW TRACK 'WELCOME TO NEW YORK'". Gay.net. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  30. ^ Zoladz, Lindsay. "Taylor Swift's 1989 Is Her Most Conservative Album Yet". vulture.com. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  31. ^ "Review: 1989 Marks a Paradigm Swift". Retrieved November 7, 2014. 
  32. ^ "Taylor Swift, 1989 – album review: Pop star shows 'promising signs of maturity'". Retrieved October 24, 2014. 
  33. ^ Lansky, Sam (October 23, 2014). "Review: 1989 Marks a Paradigm Swift". Time. Retrieved March 1, 2015. 
  34. ^ Wood, Mikael. "Review: Taylor Swift smooths out the wrinkles on sleek '1989'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 27, 2014. 'Style' is even better, a sensual funk-pop track... 
  35. ^ "NME Reviews – Taylor Swift – '1989'". Retrieved October 27, 2014. 
  36. ^ "Taylor Swift Unveils Synth-Heavy 'Out of the Woods' – Rolling Stone". Rolling Stone. 
  37. ^ a b Lee, Esther (November 14, 2014). "Taylor Swift Explains Why She Gave Up on Men: "It Broke My Heart!"". Us Weekly. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  38. ^ Wood, Mikael (August 18, 2014). "Listen: Taylor Swift releases 'Shake It Off,' from new album '1989'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  39. ^ "Taylor Swift's 'Shake it Off' could become her second no. 1 single on Billboard". AXS. 
  40. ^ Lipshutz, Jason (August 18, 2014). "Taylor Swift's Shake It Off: Single Review". Billboard. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  41. ^ Feeney, Nolan (August 18, 2014). "Watch Taylor Swift Show Off Her Dance Moves in New 'Shake It Off' Video". Time. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  42. ^ a b c Wickman, Forrest. "Taylor Swift's 1989: A Track-by-Track Breakdown". Slate. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  43. ^ Eells, Josh (September 8, 2014). "Cover Story: The Reinvention of Taylor Swift". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 10, 2015. 
  44. ^ "Taylor Swift 2014 Scholastic interview". YouTube. Retrieved 19 February 2015. 
  45. ^ "12 Things You Never Knew About Taylor Swift, Straight from the Star Herself". Teen Vogue. Web. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  46. ^ Vargas, Jencita. "Why Taylor Swift's Song 'Clean' Could Change Pop Music". WhoSay. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  47. ^ a b References for bonus tracks on 1989 deluxe edition:
  48. ^ Garibaldi, Christina (October 27, 2015). "Taylor Swift 1989 Hidden Messages". MTV. Retrieved March 19, 2015. 
  49. ^ "I don't know if this has been posted before...". Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  50. ^ "New Romantics by Taylor Swift". songfacts.com. Song Facts. 
  51. ^ "Taylor Swift's "New Romantics" Lyrics Were Totally Written For Selena Gomez". bustle.com. Bustle. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  52. ^ "Billboard Hot 100". Billboard.com. 
  53. ^ Feeney, Nolan (October 22, 2014). "A Totally Serious Analysis of Taylor Swift's Genre-Defying 8 Seconds of Static, 'Track 3'". Time. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  54. ^ France, Lisa Respers (October 22, 2014). "Even Taylor Swift's silence is golden". CNN. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  55. ^ O'Neil, Lauren (October 21, 2014). "Taylor Swift accidentally releases 8 seconds of white noise, tops Canadian iTunes chart". CBC.ca. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  56. ^ Garber, Megan (October 22, 2014). "The Author of White Noise Reviews Taylor Swift's White Noise". The Atlantic. Retrieved August 28, 2015. 
  57. ^ Lipshutz, Jason (October 30, 2014). "Taylor Swift Next '1989' Single Is...". Billboard. Retrieved October 31, 2014. 
  58. ^ Goodman, Jessica. "Taylor Swift's 'Blank Space' Video Leaked Early (UPDATE)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 12, 2014. 
  59. ^ "Hot 100". Billboard.com. 
  60. ^ "Taylor Swift "Style" - Republic Playbook". Republic Playbook. Retrieved January 12, 2015. 
  61. ^ Kevipod (January 13, 2015). "It's Real: "Style" Is Taylor Swift's Next Single From "1989" (We're Happy, Are You?)". Direct Lyrics. United States: Directlyrics.com. Retrieved January 13, 2015. 
  62. ^ "Style Music Video Released". Billboard.com. 
  63. ^ "Style Hot 100". Billboard.com. 
  64. ^ "Listen to Taylor Swift's 'Bad Blood' ft. Kendrick Lamar: World Premiere". iHeartRadio. iHeartMedia, Inc. 17 May 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  65. ^ "World Premiere of Taylor Swift's Music Video "Bad Blood" Will Open 2015 BBMAs". Billboard. May 7, 2015. Retrieved May 7, 2015. 
  66. ^ "Taylor Swift: Singer Premieres 'Bad Blood' Music Video With All-Star Cast". Inveterate. Inveterate. 18 May 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  67. ^ "Bad Blood hot 100". Billboard.com. 
  68. ^ Mallenbaum, Carly (August 5, 2015). "Taylor Swift announced her next single, and fans have mixed feelings about it". USA Today. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  69. ^ Hot/Modern/AC Future Releases | Hot Adult Contemporary Rock Songs and Release Dates |
  70. ^ All Access. "Top 40/M Future Releases". Archived from the original on August 24, 2015. Retrieved September 1, 2015. 
  71. ^ "Wildest dreams premiere". Taylorswift.com. 
  72. ^ "Wildest Dreams hot 100 peak". Billboard.com. 
  73. ^ Erin Strecker (December 22, 2015). "Taylor Swift's Video for 'Out of the Woods' Will Premiere on 'New Year's Rockin' Eve'". Billboard. Retrieved December 23, 2015. 
  74. ^ "Taylor Swift - Out of the Woods Radiodate". radioairplay.fm. 5 February 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016. 
  75. ^ "Out of the Wooods Hot 100". Billboard.com. 
  76. ^ "Top 40/M Future Releases". All Access Music Group. allaccess.com. Archived from the original on 19 February 2016. Retrieved 19 February 2016. 
  77. ^ "New Romantics video". Billboard.com. 
  78. ^ "New Romantics hot 100". Billboard.com. 
  79. ^ Newman, Melinda (August 4, 2014). "Taylor Swift drops hints about her new album...we think". HitFix. Retrieved August 18, 2014. 
  80. ^ Strecker, Erin (August 7, 2014). "Taylor Swift Drops Two More Clues About New Music". Billboard. Retrieved August 18, 2014. 
  81. ^ Anderson, Stephanie (September 22, 2014). "Taylor Swift Invited Fans To Her House For A Secret Listening Session". BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed, Inc. Retrieved January 14, 2015. 
  82. ^ a b "iTunes — Music – 1989 by Taylor Swift". iTunes Stores (US). Apple, Inc. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  83. ^ a b "Taylor Swift – 1989 (Deluxe Edition) – Target Exclusive". Target.com. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  84. ^ a b ""1989" von Taylor Swift" (in German). iTunes Store (DE). Apple Inc. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  85. ^ a b ""1989 (Deluxe)" von Taylor Swift" (in German). iTunes Store (DE). Apple Inc. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  86. ^ a b "1989" (in German). Amazon.com (DE) Amazon.com Inc. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  87. ^ a b "1989 (Deluxe Edt.)" (in German). Amazon.com (DE) Amazon.com Inc. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  88. ^ a b "1989 by Taylor Swift". iTunes Store (UK). Apple Inc. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  89. ^ a b "1989 (Deluxe) by Taylor Swift". iTunes Store (GB). Apple Inc. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  90. ^ a b "1989". Amazon.com (UK) Amazon.com Inc. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  91. ^ a b "1989 (Deluxe Edition)". Amazon.com (UK) Amazon.com Inc. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  92. ^ Mandell, Andrea (October 24, 2014). "Taylor Swift's new album, '1989,' leaked". USA Today. Retrieved November 5, 2014. 
  93. ^ Devin Leonard. "Taylor Swift and Big Machine Are the Music Industry – Bloomberg BusinessWeek". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. 
  94. ^ "Taylor Swift gives Polaroid a boost". The Times. 
  95. ^ Linder, Emilee (October 9, 2014). "Taylor Swift's Next Single 'Out Of The Woods' Is On Its Way: Get The Deets". MTV. Retrieved October 15, 2014. 
  96. ^ Zuckerman, Esther (October 20, 2014). "Here is Taylor Swift's 'Welcome to New York'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  97. ^ a b Jason Lipshutz (February 17, 2015). "Taylor Swift Releasing '1989' Bonus Songs to iTunes". Billboard. Retrieved February 20, 2015. 
  98. ^ "Wonderland — Single by Taylor Swift". iTunes Store. Apple. Archived from the original on February 20, 2015. Retrieved February 17, 2015. 
  99. ^ "The 1989 World Tour!". November 3, 2014. Retrieved November 4, 2014. 
  100. ^ Kreps, Daniel (November 4, 2014). "Taylor Swift Reveals Massive 1989 World Tour". Rolling Stones. Retrieved November 4, 2014. 
  101. ^ Mansfield, Brian (November 3, 2014). "Taylor Swift announces 2015 world tour". USA Today. Retrieved November 4, 2014. 
  102. ^ Linds Foley (19 January 2015). "James Bay and Vance Joy Announced as Taylor Swift's Support Acts for the European Leg of the 1989 World Tour". Sugarscape. National Magazine Company. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  103. ^ Mitchell Peters (1 February 2015). "Taylor Swift Announces Haim as '1989' Tour Opener". Billboard. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  104. ^ "Taylor Swift's 1989 Tour: See All of Her Special Guests!". Billboard. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 
  105. ^ "1989 by Taylor Swift reviews | Any Decent Music". www.anydecentmusic.com. Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  106. ^ Reviews for 1989 by Taylor Swift - Metacritic
  107. ^ a b Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "1989 – Taylor Swift — Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved October 27, 2014. 
  108. ^ Eakin, Marah. "With 1989, Taylor Swift finally grows up". The A.V Club. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  109. ^ Christgau, Robert (February 6, 2015). "Expert Witness". Cuepoint. Retrieved February 6, 2015. 
  110. ^ McCormick, Neil (October 26, 2014). "Taylor Swift, 1989, review: 'full of American fizz'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved October 18, 2015. 
  111. ^ a b Petridis, Alexis (October 23, 2014). "Taylor Swift: 1989 review – leagues ahead of the teen-pop competition". The Guardian. Retrieved October 24, 2014. 
  112. ^ a b Wood, Mikael (October 27, 2014). "Review: Taylor Swift smooths out the wrinkles on sleek '1989'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 5, 2014. 
  113. ^ Horton, Matthew. "The country star becomes a pop phenomenon on her flashy fifth album". NME. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  114. ^ a b Sheffield, Rob (October 24, 2014). "Taylor Swift, 1989, review: 'When it comes to Taylor Swift and supercatchy Eighties pop gloss, too much is never enough'". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media LLC. Retrieved October 24, 2014. 
  115. ^ Galvin, Annie (October 27, 2014). "Taylor Swift – 1989 – Album Review". Slant Magazine. Retrieved October 27, 2014. 
  116. ^ Unterberger, Andrew (October 28, 2014). "Taylor Swift Gets Clean, Hits Reset on New Album '1989'". Spin. Retrieved October 18, 2015. 
  117. ^ "Reviews for 1989 by Taylor Swift". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved December 23, 2014. 
  118. ^ McCormick, Neil. "Taylor Swift, 1989, review: 'full of American fizz'". The Telegraph. Retrieved October 24, 2014. 
  119. ^ "Taylor Swift 1989 New Album Review". The New York Times. Retrieved October 25, 2014. 
  120. ^ "50 Best Albums of 2014". Rolling Stone. December 1, 2014. Retrieved December 9, 2015. 
  121. ^ Caramanica, Jon (December 11, 2014). "Jon Caramanica's Top 10 Albums of 2014". Retrieved December 9, 2015. 
  122. ^ Billboard Staff (December 11, 2014). "The 10 Best Albums of 2014". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved January 18, 2016. 
  123. ^ Pitchfork Staff (December 17, 2014). "The 50 Best Albums of 2014". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved January 18, 2016. 
  124. ^ "Top 10 Best Albums of 2014". Time. December 2, 2014. Retrieved January 18, 2016. 
  125. ^ "The 50 Best Albums of 2014". Complex. December 18, 2014. Retrieved January 18, 2016. 
  126. ^ "Outstanding Creative Achievement In Interactive Media - Original Interactive Program - 2015". Retrieved December 13, 2015. 
  127. ^ "Billboard Music Awards 2015: See the Full Winners List". May 17, 2015. Retrieved December 9, 2015. 
  128. ^ "Grammy Nominations 2016: See the Full List of Nominees". December 7, 2015. Retrieved December 9, 2015. 
  129. ^ "iHeartRadio Music Awards 2016: See the Full Winners List". Billboard. April 3, 2016. Retrieved April 3, 2016. 
  130. ^ Caulfield, Keith (November 2, 2014). "Taylor Swift's '1989' Set for Biggest Sales Week Since 2002: 1.3 Million-Plus". Billboard. Retrieved November 2, 2014. 
  131. ^ Christman, Ed (October 30, 2014). "Where Are People Buying Taylor Swift's '1989'? A Retail Breakdown of (Probably) the Year's Biggest Album". Billboard. Retrieved October 31, 2014. 
  132. ^ Lewis, Randy (November 4, 2014). "First week for Taylor Swift's '1989' album? 1.287 million in sales". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 12, 2014. 
  133. ^ Lisa Respers France (November 6, 2014). "Taylor Swift's '1989' has biggest sales week since 2002". CNN. Retrieved November 9, 2014. 
  134. ^ Caulfield, Keith (November 12, 2014). "Taylor Swift's '1989' Spends Second Week at No. 1 on Billboard 200 Chart". Billboard. Retrieved November 13, 2014. 
  135. ^ Caulfield, Keith (November 20, 2014). "Taylor Swift's '1989' No. 1 for Third Week on Billboard 200". Billboard. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  136. ^ Grein, Paul (November 20, 2014). "Taylor Swift at No. 1 for Third Week; Ties Eminem's Record". Yahoo! Music. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  137. ^ Trust, Gary (November 27, 2014). "Taylor Swift or One Direction: Who's No. 1 on the Billboard Artist 100?". Billboard. Retrieved November 28, 2014. 
  138. ^ Caulfield, Keith (December 3, 2014). "Taylor Swift's '1989' Returns to No. 1 on Revamped Billboard 200". Billboard. Retrieved December 6, 2014. 
  139. ^ Caulfield, Keith (November 4, 2014). "Taylor Swift's "1989" debuts with 1.287 million copies sold". Billboard. Retrieved November 4, 2014. 
  140. ^ Caulfield, Keith (December 31, 2014). "Taylor Swift's '1989' Spends Seventh Week at No. 1 on Billboard 200". Billboard. Retrieved December 31, 2014. 
  141. ^ Caulfield, Keith (December 31, 2014). "Taylor Swift's '1989' Beats 'Frozen' As Top Selling Album of 2014". Billboard. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  142. ^ a b Caulfield, Keith (January 7, 2015). "Taylor Swift's '1989' Earns Eighth Week at No. 1 on Billboard 200 Chart". Billboard. Retrieved January 8, 2015. 
  143. ^ Grein, Paul (January 16, 2015). "Taylor Swift's '1989': 4M Sales in Just 12 Weeks". Yahoo! Music. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  144. ^ Grein, Paul (January 21, 2015). "Meghan Trainor's Debut Album Arrives at #1". Yahoo! Music. Retrieved January 21, 2015. 
  145. ^ Kevin Caulfield (24 January 2015). "Taylor Swift's '1989' Hits 4 Million in U.S. Sales". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 25 January 2015. 
  146. ^ Keith Claufield (February 11, 2015). "Taylor Swift's '1989' Spends Eleventh Week at No. 1 on Billboard 200 Chart Chart". Billboard. Retrieved February 11, 2015. 
  147. ^ Keith Claufield (April 15, 2015). "'Furious 7' Soundtrack Speeds to No. 1 on Billboard 200 Chart". Billboard. (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved April 15, 2015. 
  148. ^ Keith Caulfield (March 13, 2015). "Taylor Swift's '1989' Has Outsold Her Last Two Albums". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 14, 2015. 
  149. ^ Caulfield, Keith (2015-10-27). "Taylor Swift's '1989' Only Fifth Album to Spend First Year in Billboard 200's Top 10". Billboard. Retrieved 2015-10-27. 
  150. ^ Caulfield, Keith (2015-11-08). "Chris Stapleton Soars to No. 1 on Billboard 200 Albums Chart After CMAs". Billboard. Retrieved 2015-11-08. 
  151. ^ a b Grein, Paul (January 10, 2017). "Chart Watch: Four Soundtracks Make the Top 10 in a 'Golden' Week". Yahoo! Music. Retrieved January 11, 2017. 
  152. ^ Cross, Alan (November 5, 2014). "Weekly Music Sales and Analysis: 05 November 2014". A Journal of Musical Things. Retrieved November 12, 2014. 
  153. ^ Cross, Alan (November 12, 2014). "Weekly Music Sales Report and Analysis: 12 November 2014". A Journal of Musical Things. Retrieved November 19, 2014. 
  154. ^ a b Bliss, Karen (January 27, 2015). "Nielsen: Canada Loved Taylor Swift, Streaming Music and, Yep, Vinyl in 2014". Billboard. Retrieved January 30, 2015. 
  155. ^ Fletcher, Harry (November 2, 2014). "Taylor Swift claims number one UK album with 1989". Digital Spy. Retrieved November 4, 2014. 
  156. ^ a b Copsey, Rob (April 14, 2016). "Taylor Swift's New Romantics music video gets full release". Official Charts Company. Retrieved April 15, 2016. 
  157. ^ "IFPI publishes Digital Music Report 2015". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. April 14, 2015. Retrieved April 17, 2015. 
  158. ^ "Global Music Report 2016" (PDF). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. April 12, 2016. Retrieved April 15, 2016. 
  159. ^ "1989 by Taylor Swift". United States: iTunes Store. Retrieved February 1, 2015. 
  160. ^ "1989 -Deluxe Edition : Taylor Swift / HMV ONLINE – POCS-24009 [English Site]". HMV Japan. Retrieved February 1, 2015. 
  161. ^ "Australiancharts.com – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
  162. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  163. ^ "Ultratop.be – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  164. ^ "Ultratop.be – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  165. ^ "Ranking ABPD (10/11/2014 à 16/11/2014)". Portal Sucesso. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  166. ^ "Taylor Swift – Chart history" Billboard Canadian Albums Chart for Taylor Swift. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  167. ^ "综合榜 2015年 第07周". sino-chart.com. Retrieved February 15, 2015. 
  168. ^ "Top Stranih [Top Foreign]" (in Croatian). Top Foreign Albums. Hrvatska diskografska udruga. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
  169. ^ "Czech Albums – Top 100". ČNS IFPI. Note: On the chart page, select 201444 on the field besides the word "Zobrazit", and then click over the word to retrieve the correct chart data. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  170. ^ "Danishcharts.com – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  171. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
  172. ^ "Taylor Swift: 1989" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
  173. ^ "Lescharts.com – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  174. ^ "Longplay-Chartverfolgung at Musicline" (in German). Musicline.de. Phononet GmbH. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  175. ^ "Official IFPI Charts Top-75 Albums Sales Chart" (in Greek). IFPI Greece. Archived from the original on November 10, 2014. Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  176. ^ "Top 40 album DVD és válogatáslemez-lista – 2014. 44. hét" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  177. ^ "GFK Chart-Track Albums: Week 44, 2014". Chart-Track. IRMA. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  178. ^ "Italiancharts.com – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
  179. ^ "Oricon Top 50 Albums: 2014-11-10" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  180. ^ "South Korea Gaon International Album Chart". On the page, select "2014.10.26~2014.11.01", then "국외", to obtain the corresponding chart. Gaon Chart Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  181. ^ a b "Los Más Vendidos 2015 - Mejor posición" (in Spanish). AMPROFON. Archived from the original on January 20, 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2016. 
  182. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
  183. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  184. ^ "Oficjalna lista sprzedaży :: OLIS - Official Retail Sales Chart". OLiS. Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  185. ^ "Portuguesecharts.com – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
  186. ^ "Official Scottish Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  187. ^ "South African Top 20 Albums Chart". RSG (Recording Industry of South Africa). Archived from the original on November 27, 2014. 
  188. ^ "Spanishcharts.com – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  189. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
  190. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  191. ^ "Comprehensive Weekly Top 20: 2014/11/07 – 2014/11/13" (in Chinese). G-Music. November 13, 2014. Retrieved November 22, 2014. 
  192. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  193. ^ "Taylor Swift – Chart history" Billboard 200 for Taylor Swift. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  194. ^ "End of Year Charts – ARIA Top 100 Albums 2014". ARIA Charts. Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved January 7, 2015. 
  195. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 2014" (in Dutch). Ultratop. Retrieved December 10, 2014. 
  196. ^ "Rapports Annuels 2014" (in French). Ultratop. Retrieved December 10, 2014. 
  197. ^ "2014 Year End Charts — Top Canadian Albums". Billboard. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  198. ^ "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts". GfK Entertainment (in German). offiziellecharts.de. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  199. ^ "IRMA Best of Albums 2014". IRMA. Retrieved February 25, 2016. 
  200. ^ "2014 Japan Year end". Oricon. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  201. ^ "Los Más Vendidos 2014" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas (AMPROFON). Archived from the original on February 13, 2015. Retrieved May 23, 2015. 
  202. ^ "The Official NZ Music Charts - End of Year Charts 2014". 
  203. ^ Moss, Liv (January 1, 2015). "The Official Top 40 Biggest Selling Artist Albums of 2014". Official Charts Company. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  204. ^ "Top 200 Albums Chart Year End 2014". Billboard. Retrieved January 7, 2015. 
  205. ^ McCabe, Kathy. "ARIA chart for 2015 reveal the most popular music that Australia loves to turn up the volume on". The Advertiser. Retrieved January 6, 2016. 
  206. ^ "Ö3 Austria Top 40 - Album Charts 2015". 
  207. ^ "TOP CANADIAN ALBUMS: YEAR END 2015". Billboard. Retrieved December 10, 2015. 
  208. ^ Dutch Charts - dutchcharts.nl
  209. ^ "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts". GfK Entertainment (in German). offiziellecharts.de. Retrieved 6 January 2016. 
  210. ^ "IRMA Best of Albums 2015". IRMA. Retrieved February 25, 2016. 
  211. ^ "2015 Japan Year end". Oricon. Retrieved December 23, 2015. 
  212. ^ "The Official NZ Music Charts - End of Year Charts 2015". 
  213. ^ "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 2015". 
  214. ^ Copsey, Rob (5 January 2016). "The Official Top 40 Biggest Artist Albums of 2015 revealed". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 5 January 2016. 
  215. ^ "TOP BILLBOARD 200 ALBUMS: YEAR END 2015". Billboard. Retrieved December 10, 2015. 
  216. ^ "Digital Albums Year End 2015". Billboard. Retrieved January 14, 2017. 
  217. ^ "ARIA Top 100 Albums 2016". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved January 6, 2017. 
  218. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 2016 Albums". Hung Medien. Retrieved December 29, 2016. 
  219. ^ "2016 Year End Charts — Top Canadian Albums". Billboard. Retrieved December 8, 2016. 
  220. ^ "Top Selling Albums of 2016". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved December 25, 2016. 
  221. ^ "End of Year Albums Chart Top 100 – 2016". Official Charts Company. Retrieved December 31, 2016. 
  222. ^ "Top Billboard 200 Albums - Year-End 2016". Billboard. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  223. ^ "Digital Albums Year End 2016". Billboard. Retrieved December 8, 2016. 
  224. ^ "Greatest of All Time Billboard 200 Albums". Billboard. Retrieved November 12, 2015. 
  225. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2015 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved January 26, 2016. 
  226. ^ "Austrian album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in German). IFPI Austria. Retrieved July 1, 2015.  Enter Taylor Swift in the field Interpret. Enter 1989 in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen
  227. ^ "Brazilian album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  228. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989". Music Canada. Retrieved January 30, 2015. 
  229. ^ Nielsen & Billboard’s 2015 Canadian Music Industry Sales Report | FYIMusicNews
  230. ^ "Quels sont les tops musicaux de 2015 ?" (in French). Pure charts in France. December 24, 2015. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  231. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Taylor Swift; '1989')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved May 3, 2016. 
  232. ^ "Taylor Swift's '1989' is certified Triple Platinum in India". MiD Day. November 11, 2015. Retrieved May 3, 2016. 
  233. ^ "Japanese album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved April 10, 2015.  Select 2015年4月 on the drop-down menu
  234. ^ "Certificaciones – Taylor Swift" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. 
  235. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved May 8, 2015. 
  236. ^ "Polish album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in Polish). Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. December 15, 2015. Retrieved December 15, 2015. 
  237. ^ "Gaon International Album Chart - 2014 Year-End" (in Korean). Gaon. 2014. Retrieved January 21, 2015. 
  238. ^ "Taylor Swift – 1989" (in Spanish). El Portal de Música. Archived from the original on April 29, 2015. Retrieved April 29, 2015. 
  239. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Taylor Swift; '1989')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. 
  240. ^ "British album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter 1989 in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Select Platinum in the field By Award. Click Search
  241. ^ "American album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved October 25, 2016.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  242. ^ "1989 (Vinyl): Taylor Swift: Amazon.ca: Music". Amazon.com (Canada) Amazon.com Inc. Retrieved November 13, 2014. 
  243. ^ "Taylor Swift: 1989 (Vinyl): Music". Amazon.com (US) Amazon.com Inc. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  244. ^ "1989-[Licensee] - Taylor Swift|16,49TL" (in Turkish). dr.com.tr. Retrieved December 10, 2014. 
  245. ^ "Taylor Swift Karaoke: 1989 (Deluxe Edition)". iTunes Store. Retrieved December 2, 2015. 
  246. ^ "1989 Karaoke (Limited Deluxe): Taylor Swift: Music". Amazon.com (Canada) Amazon.com Inc. Retrieved December 2, 2015. 
  247. ^ "Taylor Swift Karaoke: 1989 by Taylor Swift". iTunes Store. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  248. ^ "Taylor Swift Karaoke: 1989 [+digital booklet]: Taylor Swift: MP3 Downloads". Amazon.com (US) Amazon.com Inc. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  249. ^ "Taylor Swift: Taylor Swift Karaoke: 1989 [CD+G/DVD Combo]: Music". Amazon.com (US) Amazon.com Inc. Retrieved April 24, 2015. 
  250. ^ "泰勒•史薇芙特:1989(CD 豪华版 附限量版文件夹)" (in Chinese). Amazon.com. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 

External links