Ancestry charts of Lady Diana Spencer and Catherine Middleton

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All people are descended via various racial or ethnic lines of antiquity, but in most cases, records do not exist. The British Royal Family is one of the few families for which ancestry can be traced to many notable lineages of antiquity. Their lineage can be traced back to the Saxons, Scottish (Stuart dynasty), Welsh (Tudor dynasty), Irish, Germans (Hanover and Windsor), French (Norman and Angevin), Russians, Franks and perhaps even Byzantines.


Diana, Princess of Wales (née Diana Spencer) was born into a British noble family. Her ancestry includes many royals and nobles.

Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge (née Middleton) is descended from King Edward IV through her mother, Carole Middleton, and from King Edward III through her father, Michael Middleton. She therefore shares a number of common ancestors with her husband, Prince William:

Common ancestors:

  • They both descend from King Edward III through his sons, Lionel of Antwerp's, daughter Philippa of Clarence and through another son's, John of Gaunt, daughter Joan Beaufort.[12] Shared medieval ancestors (between Diana and Catherine) include Margaret Percy (great granddaughter of Joan Beaufort and 2x great granddaughter of Philippa of Clarence) and Sir William Gascoigne (2x great grandson of Joan Beaufort).
  • Diana and Catherine also share a number of other common ancestors including: Sir William Blakiston, Anne Gascoigne (daughter of Margaret Percy and William Gascoigne) and her husband, Sir Thomas Fairfax.

Ancestry chart from Edward III[edit]

 Edward III of England (1312–1377)  Philippa of Hainault (1314–1369)
 Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence (1338–1368)  Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster (1332–1363)    Blanche of Lancaster (1345–1368)  John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (1340–1399)  Constance of Castile (1354–1394)
 Philippa, 5th Countess of Ulster (1355–1382)  Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March (1352–1381)    Philippa of Lancaster (1359–1415)  John I of Portugal (1358–1433)    Catherine of Lancaster (1373–1418)  Henry III of Castile (1379–1406)
 Elizabeth Mortimer (1371–1417)  Henry Percy (Hotspur) (1364/1366-1403)    Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March (1374–1398)  Alianore Holland (1373–1405)    John, Lord of Reguengos de Monsaraz (1400–1442)  Isabella of Barcelos (1402–1466)    
 Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland (1393–1455)  Eleanor Neville (c. 1397-1472)    Anne de Mortimer (1390–1411)  Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge (c. 1375-1415)    Isabella of Portugal (1428–1496)  John II of Castile (1405–1454)
 Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland (1421–1461)  Eleanor Poynings (1422–1480)[13]    Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York (1411–1460)  Cecily Neville (1415–1495)    Isabella I of Castile (1451–1504)  Ferdinand II of Aragon (1452–1516)
 Margaret Percy (b. c. 1447)  Sir William Gascoignea (c. 1450-1486)    Edward IV of England (1442–1483)  Elizabeth Woodville (c. 1437-1492)    Joanna of Castile (1479–1555)  Philip I of Castile (1478–1506)
 Elizabeth Gascoigne (1470–1559)[14]  Sir George Tailboys, de jure 9th Baron Kyme (c. 1467-1538)    Anne Gascoigne (c. 1474-1504)  Sir Thomas Fairfax (c. 1475-1520)    Elizabeth of York (1466–1503)  Henry VII of England (1457–1509)    Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (1503–1564)  Anne of Bohemia and Hungary (1503–1547)
 Anne Tailboys (1510–1577)[15]  Sir Edward Dymoke (1508–1566)    Lucy Goodman[16]  William Fairfax (born 1496)[17]    Sir Nicholas Fairfax (1496–1571)[18]  Jane Palmes[19]    Joanna of Austria (1547–1578)  Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1541–1587)
 Frances Dymoke (1550–1611)[20]  Sir Thomas Windebank (1547–1607)[21]    John Fairfax[22]  Mary Birch[23]    Margaret Fairfax[24]  Sir William Belasyse (c. 1523-1604)    Marie de' Medici (1575–1642)  Henry IV of France (1553–1610)
 Mildred Windebank (1580–1630)[25]  Robert Reade (1551–1626)[26]    Benjamin Fairfax (1592–1675)  Sarah Galliard[27]    Sir Henry Belasyse, 1st Baronet (1555–1624)[28]  Ursula Fairfax (died 1633)    Henrietta Maria of France (1609–1669)  Charles I of England (1600–1649)
 George Reade, acting Governor of Virginia (1608–1671)[29]  Elizabeth Martiau (1620–1686)[30]    Benjamin Fairfax (died 1708)[31]  Bridget Stringer[32]    Thomas Belasyse, 1st Viscount Fauconberg (1577–1653)  Barbara Cholmley (d. 1619)[33]    James II of England (1633–1701)  Arabella Churchill (1648–1730)    Charles II of England (1630–1685)  Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland (1640–1709)
 Mildred Reade (1643–1686)[34]  Col. Augustine Warner, Speaker of Virginia House of Burgesses (1642/43-1681)    Sarah Fairfax (1654–1688)[35]  John Meadows, Vicar of Ousden (1622–1697)[36]    John Belasyse, 1st Baron Belasyse (1614–1689)  Anne Paulet (d. c. 1694)    Henrietta FitzJames (1667–1730)  Henry Waldegrave, 1st Baron Waldegrave (1661–1689)    Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton (1661–1689)  Isabella Bennet, 2nd Countess of Arlington (c. 1668-1723)
 Mary Warner  John Smith[37]    Mildred Warner (1670/71-1701)  Capt. Lawrence Washington, High Sheriff of Virginia (1659–1698)    Philip Meadows, Mayor of Norwich (1679–1752)[38]  Margaret Hall (1691–1765)[39]    Barbara Belasyse (died 1740)   Sir John Webb, 3rd Baronet[40]        Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton (1683–1757)  Henrietta Somerset (1690–1726)[41]
 Mildred Smith (born 1682)[42]  Robert Porteus (c. 1679-c. 1758)[43]    Augustine Washington (1694–1743)  Mary Ball (1708–1789)    Sarah Meadows (c. 1725-1800)[44]  David Martineau, surgeon (1726–1768)[45]    Mary Webb (d. 1718/19)[46]  James Waldegrave, 1st Earl Waldegrave (1684–1741)      Isabella FitzRoy (1726–1782)[47]  Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford (1718–1794)
 Reverend Robert Porteus (c. 1705-c. 1754)[48]  Judith Cockayne (1702–1789)[49]    George Washington, 1st President of the U.S.A. (1732–1799)      Thomas Martineau, manufacturer of camelots and bombazine (1764–1826)[50]  Elizabeth Rankin (1771–1848)[51]    James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl Waldegrave (1715–1763)  Maria Walpole (1736–1807)    
 Mildred Porteus (1744–1815)[52]  Robert Hodgson (b. 1740)[53]        Elizabeth Martineau (1794–1850)[54]  Thomas Greenhow, surgeon, sanitary reformer (1792–1881)[55]    Anne Waldegrave (1762–1801)[56]  Lord Hugh Seymour (1759–1801)
 Very Rev. Robert Hodgson (c. 1766-1844)  Mary Tucker (c. 1778-c. 1844)[57]        Frances Greenhow, educationist (1821–1892)[58]  Francis Lupton, land owner, cloth merchant (1813–1884)[59]    Horace Seymour (1791–1851)  Elizabeth Palk (1797–1827)[60]
 Henrietta Mildred Hodgson (1805–1891)  Oswald Smith (1794–1863)[61]        Francis Martineau Lupton, cloth merchant, politician (1848–1921)[62]  Harriet Albina Davis (1850–1892)[63]    Adelaide Seymour (1825–1877)[64]  Frederick Spencer, 4th Earl Spencer (1798–1857)
 Frances Dora Smith (1833–1922)  Claude Bowes-Lyon, 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (1824–1904)        Olive Lupton (1881–1936)[65]  Richard Noel Middleton, solicitor, director of William Lupton and Co. (1879–1951)[66]    Charles Spencer, 6th Earl Spencer (1857–1922)  Margaret Baring (1868–1906)[67]
 Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (1855–1944)  Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck (1862–1938)        Peter Middleton, Pilot Instructor (1920–2010)[68]  Valerie Glassborow (1924–2006)[69]    Albert Spencer, 7th Earl Spencer (1892–1975)  Cynthia Hamilton (1897–1972)
 Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (1900–2002)  George VI (1895–1952)        Michael Middleton, air line officer, businessman (born 1949)  Carole Goldsmith, stewardess, businessperson (b. 1955)[70]    John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer (1924–1992)  Frances Ruth Roche (1936–2004)
 Elizabeth II (born 1926)  Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (b. 1921)        
 Charles, Prince of Wales (born 1948)  Diana Spencer (1961–1997)      
 Prince William, Duke of Cambridge (born 1982)  Catherine Middleton (born 1982)


^a Sir William Gascoigne is a 2x great grandson of Joan Beaufort. His mother, Joan Neville, is daughter of John Neville, who is son of Mary (Margaret) Ferrers, a daughter of Joan Beaufort. On his father's side, he is a 2x great grandson of William Gascoigne (father's father's father's father, all named William Gascoigne).[72]

Ancestry chart from Rory O'Moore and Mary Crofts (Stuart)[edit]

Descent of Diana, Princess of Wales from Patirck Sarsfield.png


  1. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Person Page 6948". Retrieved August 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)[unreliable source]
  2. ^ a b Cracroft-Brennan, Patrick (22 July 2013). "How royal is the royal baby?". Channel 4. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 'This ups the game a little – making the pair 11th cousins once removed.' 
  3. ^ a b Turner, Robin (31 July 2013). "Prince George related to Llywelyn the Great, claims genealogist". WalesOnline. Media Wales. Retrieved 13 October 2013. 'This means that Prince George's parents William and Kate are related to each other through Edward IV' 
  4. ^ Child, Christopher Challender (Fall 2011). "A Gratifying Discovery: Connecting Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, to Sir Thomas Conyers, 9th Bt. of Horden, Durham" (PDF). American Ancestors. New England Historic Genealogical Society. 12 (4): 35–36. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  5. ^ Perring, Rebecca. "Proof Kate Middleton IS related to Queen Mother: Duchess to view cabinet proving ancestry". UK Daily Express, 8 December 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  6. ^ Cliff, Martha. "Kate really was destined for royalty! The Duchess of Cambridge shares an ancestor with the late Queen Mother historian reveals". UK Daily Mail, 9 December 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014. Kate's direct ancestor, Sir Thomas Blakiston Conyers, also attended the funeral of his Gibside cousin Mary Bowes, Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne. Mary Bowes was the great great great grandmother of the Queen Mother. 
  7. ^ Richardson, Katie. "Duchess of Cambridge shares Queen Mother's County Durham ancestor according to new research". The Northern Echo, Page 7, 8 December 2014. It makes sense that Kate wore the Queen Mother's tiara when she married Prince William – both women share a great deal; Durham ancestry, the vast Gibside Estate and the same famous cabinet 
  8. ^ Stieber, Zachary. "Queen Elizabeth Mother Related to Kate Middleton, New Research Shows". Epoch Times, 8 December 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  9. ^ Reitwiesner, William Addams (2011). Child, Christopher Challender, ed. The Ancestry of Catherine Middleton. Scott Campbell Steward. Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society. pp. 116–119. ISBN 978-0-88082-252-7. 
  10. ^ "The Ancestry of Catherine Middleton" (PDF). New England Historic Genealogical Society. 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2013. Prince William and Kate Middleton are fourteenth cousins once removed through Diana, Princess of Wales (pp. 116–17), and fifteenth cousins twice removed through Charles, The Prince of Wales (pp. 118–19) 
  11. ^ Cracroft-Brennan, Patrick (28 April 2011). "Royal Wedding: William and Kate are (very) distant cousins". Channel 4. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 'This makes William and Kate fourteenth cousins once removed through his mother and fifteenth cousins through his father.' 
  12. ^ "George Washington 1st US President Family's 12 Generation Line of Descent from (Sir) William 'Of Gawthorpe' GASCOIGNE Knight, High Sheriff of Yo". Retrieved 2012-08-08. 
  13. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Eleanor Poynings". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  14. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Elizabeth Gascoigne". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  15. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Anne Tailboys". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  16. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Lucy Goodman". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  17. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "William Fairfax". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  18. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Sir Nicholas Fairfax". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  19. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Jane Palmes". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  20. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Frances Dymoke". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  21. ^ "Sir Thomas Windebank, Lord of Haynes Hall b. 0Jan 1547 Haines Hill, Hurst, Broad Hinton, Berkshire, England d. 23 Oct 1607 Scrivelsby, Lincolnshire, England". Retrieved 2017-01-04. 
  22. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "John Fairfax". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  23. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Mary Birch". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  24. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Margaret Fairfax". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  25. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Mildred Windebank". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  26. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Robert Reade". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  27. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Sarah Galliard". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  28. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Sir Henry Belasyse, 1st Baronet". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  29. ^ Col. George Reade, acting Governor of Virginia
  30. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Elizabeth Martiau". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  31. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Benjamin Fairfax". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  32. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Bridget Stringer". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  33. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Barbara Cholmley". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  34. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Mildred Reade". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  35. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Sarah Fairfax". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  36. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "John Meadows, Vicar of Ousden". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  37. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "John Smith". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  38. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Philip Meadows, Mayor of Norwich". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  39. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Margaret Hall". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  40. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Sir John Webb, 3rd Baronet". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  41. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Henrietta Somerset". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  42. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Mildred Smith". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  43. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Robert Porteus". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  44. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Sarah Meadows". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  45. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "David Martineau, surgeon". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  46. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Mary Webb". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  47. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Isabella FitzRoy". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  48. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Reverend Robert Porteus". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  49. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Judith Cockayne". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  50. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Thomas Martineau, manufacturer of camelots and bombazine". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  51. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Elizabeth Rankin". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  52. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Mildred Porteus". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  53. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Robert Hodgson". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  54. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Elizabeth Martineau". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  55. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Thomas Greenhow, surgeon, sanitary reformer". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  56. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Anne Waldegrave". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  57. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Mary Tucker". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  58. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Frances Greenhow, educationist". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  59. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Francis Lupton, cloth merchant". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  60. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Elizabeth Palk". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  61. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Oswald Smith". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  62. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Francis Martineau Lupton, cloth merchant, politician". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  63. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Harriet Albina Davis". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  64. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Adelaide Seymour". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  65. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Olive Lupton". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  66. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Richard Middleton, solicitor". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  67. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Margaret Baring". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  68. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Peter Middleton, Pilot Instructor". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  69. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Valerie Glassborow". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  70. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Carole Goldsmith, stewardess". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  71. ^ Reitwiesner, William Addams The Ancestry of Catherine Middleton. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2011
  72. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Sir William Gascoigne". The Peerage. [unreliable source]