Auguste Marie Raymond d'Arenberg

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The Most Excellent
Count of La Marck
Member of the Constituent Assembly
for Nord
In office
9 July 1789 – 30 September 1791
Preceded by Himself at the Estates General
Succeeded by Pierre Joseph Duhem
Constituency Le Quesnoy
Deputy to the Estates General
for the Second Estate
In office
6 May 1789 – 9 July 1789
Constituency Hainaut
Personal details
Born Auguste Marie Raymond
(1753-08-30)30 August 1753
Brussels, Austrian Netherlands, Holy Roman Empire
Died 26 September 1833(1833-09-26) (aged 80)
Brussels, Belgium
Nationality French/Belgian
Political party National Party
Spouse(s) Marie-Françoise Le Danois (m. 1774; d. 1810)
Children Ernst Engelbert
Parents The Duke of Arenberg and Louise Marguerite, Countess of La Marck
Profession Military officer, diplomat
Military service
Allegiance  France
 Austria
 Netherlands
Service/branch French Royal Army
Austrian Imperial Army
Royal Netherlands Army
Years of service 1773–1815
Rank Field Marshal
Generalmajor
Lieutenant general
Battles/wars

Prince Auguste Marie Raymond d'Arenberg, Count of La Marck Grandee of Spain (30 August 1753 – 26 September 1833),[1][2] was the second son and fourth child of Charles, 5th Duke of Arenberg, the head of the House of Arenberg (and who still held the rank of sovereign princes).

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Born on 30 August 1753 at Brussels, where his father resided, the duke, who had served with great distinction during the Seven Years' War, and was a field-marshal in the Austrian army, originally intended Prince Auguste for the same service, in which, indeed, he began his career at the age of fifteen; but certain family circumstances altered his destination.[1][3]

Louis Engelbert, Comte de La Marck, the last of his name, and the father-in-law of Charles, 5th Duke of Arenberg, was the proprietor of a regiment of German infantry in the service of France, and, having no son, proposed that Prince Auguste should enter the French service, offering, if he did so, to give him the regiment which it was in his power to dispose of. The proposition was accepted, and it was further arranged that on the death of his maternal grandfather, the young prince should take the title of Comte de La Marck, by which he subsequently became known,[4] the family of Arenberg had constantly borne arms in the Austrian army, but belonging to a sovereign house, they were free to take service wherever they pleased; the Duke d'Arenberg, however, who stood high in the estimation of the Empress-Queen, Maria Theresa, judged it advisable to obtain her consent to this change in the career of his son. The request was made at the very moment when the marriage was decided on between the Archduchess Marie Antoinette and the Dauphin of France; and the empress, in acceding to it, strongly recommended the Prince of Arenberg to her daughter. He was accordingly presented in due form to Louis XV, assisted at all the fêtes which were given on the occasion of the marriage, was warmly welcomed by the dauphine, and honored by a kindness and confidence never afterwards withdrawn. Consequently, La Marck was a zealous defender of Marie Antoinette, whom he endeavored to represent as much less disposed towards political interference—until the gravity of events compelled her to interfere—than she has often described during his later life.[1]

Military career[edit]

After being thus presented, Prince Auguste joined his regiment in the South of France, remained with it for a year to learn his duty, and then, at the age of 20, returned to court, where, having succeeded to his grandfather's title, and being invested with the rank of Grandee of Spain, he enjoyed every facility for establishing a political and social connection of the highest kind.[1]

Marck distinguishing himself in India fighting under Count de Bussy, and from whence he returned severely wounded,[1] on his return he was involved in a duel in Paris with a former young Swedish officer of his regiment, called M. Peyron. Marck and Peyron had exchanged words before Marck's regiment had embarked for India when Peyron had resigned his commission, they fought with swords, and after a few passes M. Peyron fell dead, having received a sword thrust through an eye, the Count perceived at the same moment that he also was wounded, by a torrent of blood which gushed from his mouth. M. Peyron's sword had in fact pierced his lungs just below the armpit, leaving a slight mark on his back.[1]

Marck recovered from his wounds and directed his martial qualities towards his military career, he bestowed considerable pains on the discipline of his regiment, which became a model for the rest of the service, was appointed inspector-general of infantry, and finally vice-president of the committee for regulating the tactics of the troops of the line, in which latter capacity he acquired considerable reputation.

These duties were Marck's chief occupation till 1789, apart from them, having married in 1776, Marck led an agreeable life, alternately at Raismes, his country residence near Valenciennes, and at Versailles, where his rank and position gave him the means of observing all that was passing, which he appears to have noted with care and tolerable impartiality. As he had no personal interests to serve, sought no employment, needed no title, had ample wealth, and, the ties of friendship excepted, stood aloof from all who sought the monarch's levée or the minister's ante-chamber.

Political career[edit]

In 1789 Marck met with Count de Mirabeau at a dinner given by the Prince de Poix, the Governor of Versailles, to which Mirabeau was taken by M. de Meilhan, a friend of Marck. Though de La Marck and Mirabeau met each other several times after this on terms of growing intimacy, it was not till the convocation of States-General, in 1789, that their friendship became closely cemented.

Marck, who was friend of both the queen and Mirabeau, became an interlocutor between them, after the march on Versailles Marck consulted Mirabeau as to what measures the king ought to take, and Mirabeau drew up a state paper, which was presented to the king by Monsieur, afterwards Louis XVIII. However as events unfolded these negotiations came to nothing.[5]

During this period Marck was first a member of the States-general, and afterwards of the National Assembly, however he was deprived of command of his regiment by the National Assembly and when the royal cause became hopeless he left France, and entered the Austrian army with the rank of major-general. He was employed as a diplomatist on various occasions, but never on any military service, on his brother's establishment at Paris, he was anxious to re-enter the service of France; this however Napoleon would not allow him to do, and he remained at Vienna till 1814, when he came to Brussels, and was made lieutenant-general by the new king of the Netherlands. He left the Dutch army after the revolution of 1830, and died in 1833.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Eliakim Littell, Robert S. Littell (editors 1851).Littell's living age, T. H. Carter & Co., 1851 p. 221
  2. ^ John Stores Smith (1848), Mirabeau: A Life-history, in Four Books, Lea and Blanchard, 1848. p. 316(second footnote)
  3. ^ The Dublin University magazine: a literary and political journal, Volume 39, W. Curry, jun., and co., 1852. p. 181
  4. ^ Honoré-Gabriel de Riquetti Mirabeau (comte de), Auguste Marie Raymond Arenberg (prince d', comte de La Marck), Adolphe Fourier de Bacourt. Correspondance entre le comte de Mirabeau et le comte de La Marck: pendant les années 1789, 1790 et 1791 volume 1, V. Le Normant, 1851 p. 280 (French
  5. ^ Eliakim, pp. 222–227
  6. ^ Hugh James Rose (editor 1848), A new general biographical dictionary, projected, Fellowes, 1848. p. 106
  • Correspondance entre le Comte de Mirabeau et le Comte de La Marck, pendant les annees 1789, 1790, et 1791. Recueillie, raise en ordre et publiee par M. Ad. de Bacourt, Ancien Ambassadeur de France pres la Cour de Sardaigne. Three vols. Paris: 1851.
Attribution
  • This article incorporates text from a work in the public domain: "Littell's living age" by Eliakim Littell, Robert S. Littell (editors 1851)
  • This article incorporates text from a work in the public domain: "A new general biographical dictionary, projected", by Hugh James Rose (editor 1848)