Augusto Carlos Teixeira de Aragão

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A.C. Teixeira de Aragão
Teixeira de Aragão foto4.jpg
Born (1823-06-15)June 15, 1823
Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Died April 29, 1903(1903-04-29) (aged 79)
Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Nationality Portuguese
Education Lisbon University
Occupation Military, Surgeon, Numismatist, Archaeologist and Historian

Augusto Carlos Teixeira de Aragão ComACavCCavACavTE (Lisbon, June 15, 1823 - Lisbon, April 29, 1903) was a Portuguese Army officer, doctor, numismatist, archaeologist and historian. As an officer of the Portuguese Army, he retired with the rank of general. Teixeira de Aragão is considered one of the "fathers" of Portuguese numismatics.

Biography[edit]

He was the son of José Maria Teixeira de Aragão and his wife, Mariana Hermógenes da Silva. He graduated in medicine, having reached the position of Surgeon-mor-in-chief of the Portuguese Army.

As a surgeon in the parish of Melides in the county of Santiago do Cacém, he participated with aiding the victims of the 1849 dysentery epidemic.[1]

From an early age, he devoted himself to collecting numismatics, which paired with his extraordinary intellectual activity and a friendship with the King Luis I of Portugal. This allowed him to delve in depth to this field of science.

In the 1860s, he was one of the responsibles for the work of rediscovery of the archaeological site of the Roman town Balsa in Tavira.[2]

In 1867, he acted as Conservative of the Office of the Ajuda National Palace, and was responsible for organizing, cataloging and exhibition of the contents of the collection of the Ajuda Antiquities Museum. They assembled pieces of great value belonging to the treasury of the Portuguese Royal House, the extinct convents and individuals. During the performance of these functions, Teixeira de Aragão was entrusted with the task of bringing some of the objects of the Portuguese Royal Collection at the Exposition Universelle (1867) of Paris. The Commission de l'histoire du Travail of this exhibition attributed the gold medal to the collection. During the period of exposure, Teixeira de Aragão had the opportunity to get in touch with the world's most renowned personalities in the field of numismatics.

In 1870, he published Descrição Histórica das Moedas Romanas Existentes no Gabinete Numismático de sua Majestade El-Rei O Senhor D. Luiz I. A year later, he was admitted as a corresponding member of the Brazilian Historical and Geographical Institute by the Commission of Archaeology and Ethnography.[3]

In 1874, he joined the Independence Historical Society of Portugal-SHIP, having occupied the post of vice-treasurer of the Central Committee of December 1, 1640.[4]

In 1875, went public with the first of three volumes of the monumental work of the Descrição Geral e Histórica das Moedas Cunhadas em Nome dos Reis, Regentes e Governadores de Portugal. Teixeira de Aragão came to planning a fourth volume of this work, which include the currencies of Brazil and Portuguese West Africa countries, which failed to materialize.

In the same year was part of the Commission of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts, appointed by the Government of the time, with the aim to propose the reform of Education of Fine Arts, the plan for the organization of museums, and service of Historic Monuments and archeology.[5]

He reproduced the exact design of the Medal of Olhão that Olhanenses granted to the then Prince Regent D. João.

On 28 December 1876, he was elected to the section of History and Archaeology at the Royal Academy of Sciences of Lisbon.

In 1877, participated in the archaeological conference's Citânia de Briteiros in Guimarães.[6]

In 1880, he was appointed Royal Commissioner by the Academy of Sciences in order to proceed with the preparation and implementation of the program of repatriating remains of Vasco da Gama, from the Church of the Convent of Our Lady of Relics in Vidigueira to the Jeronimos Monastery where he still remain.[7]

He became a member of the commission created by the Portuguese Royal Association of Architects and Civil Archeologos (RAACAP). The association's main objective was related to the equity issue by holding exhibitions to governments on the conservation of historical monuments.

In the year 1881, he was part of the organizing committee nominated for the exhibition Special Loan Exhibition of Spanish and Portuguese Ornamental Art displayed at the South Kensington Museum in London.[8][9]

He was a member of the Geographical Society of Lisbon, the "Société Française de Numismatique" and the Committee of Antiquities of the "Real Academia de la Historia de Madrid".[10] In Brazil, was admitted as a counselor to Historical and Geographical Institute of São Paulo.[when?]

Work[edit]

Awards and honors[edit]

  • Knight of Tower and Sword Military Order[13] (1868).
  • Knight of Christ Order
  • Commander of Avis Military Order[14] (1870).
  • Knight of Avis Military Order[15] (1874).
  • Teixeira de Aragão Medal[16] - minted by Sociedade Portuguesa de Numismática em 1963 in patineted bronze, with 70mm of diameter and 163g of weight.
  • Praça Doutor Teixeira de Aragão (square name), in the parish of Benfica, in Lisbon.
  • Letters[17]
  • Exhibitions[18]
  • Newspaper articles[19]
  • Book article[20]

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Commission of providence and aid the needy and affected by the epidemic of dysentery Archived January 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. (Portuguese)
  2. ^ Discover Balsa (Portuguese)
  3. ^ Opinion of the Archaeology and Etnography Commission about the work - Descripção histórica das moedas romanas existentes no gabinete numismático de sua Majestade El-Rei O Senhor D. Luiz I (Portuguese)
  4. ^ Post of vice-treasurer of the Central Committee of December 1, 1640 of SHIP Archived December 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. (Portuguese)
  5. ^ Comissão da Academia Real de Belas Artes (Portuguese)
  6. ^ Conferência da Citânia de Briteiros (Portuguese)
  7. ^ Vidigueira Municipal Museum[permanent dead link](Portuguese)
  8. ^ Catalog of Special Loan Exhibition of Spanish and Portuguese Ornamental Art
  9. ^ Special Loan Exhibition of Spanish and Portuguese Ornamental Art
  10. ^ Comissão de Antiguidades da Real Academia de la História de Madrid Archived February 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. (Spanish)
  11. ^ Catálogo descriptivo das moedas e medalhas portuguezas que formam parte da colecção do Visconde de Sanches de Baena (Portuguese)
  12. ^ Typos politicos: Mestre Manoel Camões (Portuguese)
  13. ^ Knight of Tower and Sword Military Order(Portuguese)
  14. ^ Commander of S. Bento de Avis Military Order (Portuguese)
  15. ^ Knight of Avis Military Order (Portuguese)
  16. ^ Teixeira de Aragão Medal (Portuguese)
  17. ^ Letters to the Teixeira de Aragão (Portuguese)
  18. ^ 1st Portuguese Biblio-numismatic exhibition (Portuguese)
  19. ^ i newspaper article Archived July 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. (Portuguese)
  20. ^ Portugalia - Materiaes para o estudo do povo portuguez, by Rocha Peixoto Archived September 30, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (Portuguese)

External links[edit]