BFM TV

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BFM TV
BFMTV.png
Launched 28 November 2005; 11 years ago (2005-11-28)
Owned by NextRadioTV
Picture format 576i (SDTV)
1080i (HDTV)
Audience share 2.9% (March 2017 (2017-03), Médiamétrie)
Slogan "Première chaîne d'info de France"
The first news channel in France
Country France
Language French
Website www.bfmtv.com
Availability
Terrestrial
TNT Channel 15
Satellite
Canal Channel 102
Bis Televisions Channel 15
CanalDigitaal Channel 198
Fransat Channel 15
TV Vlaanderen Digitaal Channel 94
Cable
Numericable Channel 53 (HD)
MC Cable Channel 85
Coditel Channel 263
IPTV
Canal Channel 102
Freebox TV Channel 15 (HD)
SFR Channel 15 (HD)
Alice France Channel 15 (HD)
DartyBox Channel 15 (HD)
Orange TV Channel 15 (HD)
Streaming media
BFMTV website Watch live

BFM TV (pronounced: [beɛfɛm teve], stylised as BFMTV and seen on logo as BFMTV News 24/7) is a 24-hour rolling news and weather channel based in France and available globally via digital, cable and satellite television.[1]

As the country's most-watched news network with 10 million daily viewers, BFMTV "boasts a market share in France that is greater than any equivalent news channel around the world". Its economic coverage is "clearly pro-business, pro-reform, and anti the old consensus", which is noteworthy because in France, "economic coverage tends to come from the opposite perspective—the state sector and workers taking precedence over private enterprise".[1]

History[edit]

BFMTV was launched by the NextRadioTV group as an offshoot of BFM Radio, which exclusively focused on business and the economy, on December 14, 2004. BFM is an acronym of "Business FM", the original name of BFM Business. Approved by the Conseil supérieur de l'audiovisuel (CSA) on May 5, 2005, it began broadcasting on November 28, 2005. Alain Weill has served as Chairman and CEO since 2005.[2]

The "small independent news channel" became "one of the most influential voices in French media and politics" by distinguishing itself with "a reactive, live format—and dumping the French habit of endless pre-recorded talk".[1] Ratings continuously increased and became the most watched French news channel in June 2008. With a 1.8 national share (as of mid-2012), it greatly exceeds its first competitor, I-Télé (0.7 national share). As the ratings and the advertising revenues increased, the budget of the network peaked at €50 million in 2011, compared to €15 million in 2006.

In 2016, BFMTV launched two spin-off networks, BFM Sport on June 7, 2016 for 24-hour sports news and BFM Paris on November 7, 2016, in which it became the first 24-hour local or regional news channel in France. 24-hour local or regional news channels are more in common in the United States with two in Canada.

Programming history[edit]

1st version (28 November 2005 - 8 May 2006)[edit]

The channel's first schedule version focused on the morning and evening daypart.

Weekdays, from 6am to 9:30am, during BFM Matin, the channel runs a 15-minute block with Stéphanie de Muru on the general news and Thomas Misrachi on the financial news. This block kept running throughout the day. with images-only newscasts. Between 6pm and 11:30pm, during BFM Soir, BFMTV carried a newscast every half-hour with Ruth Elkrief(6pm/7pm), Olivier Mazerolle (8pm), Florence Duprat (7:30pm/9pm/11pm) and Jean-Alexandre Baril(6:30pm/9pm/10pm).

Every evening at 8:30, Mazerolle presented Mazerolle Direct, featuring an interview with one or two guests. The show was replayed two hours later.

Between 11:30pm and 6am, there were nothing live except the 11pm newscast in a looped format.

On weekend, BFMTV ran image-only newscasts every 15 minutes (except at 7pm and 8pm, when Guillaume Vanhems anchored half-hour news reports).

2nd version (9 May 2006 - 3 June 2007)[edit]

This version was finally launched at 6pm in 9/5/2006.

The channel now puts anchors in the set news blocks, especially during BFM Soir, including: Thomas Misrachi (6-9:30am), Ruth Elkrief (6-8pm), Olivier Mazerolle (8-9pm), Florence Duprat (9pm-midnight) and Thomas Sotto (weekends 6-9pm).

Between BFM Matin and BFM Soir, BFMTV now had a new block, titled BFM Non-Stop, with an update every 15 minutes and continuous loop of weather reports, with: Guillaume Vanhems (9:30am-1pm), Jean-Alexandre Baril (1-4:30pm) et Stéphanie De Muru (4:30-6pm). However, the images-only weekend news reports were kept except the new block from 6 to 9pm by Thomas Sotto.

On the 2007 presidential election, Mazerolle changed his show's name from Mazerolle Direct to Journal de Campagne, with the same time broadcast (8:30pm). Also, at the same time, a new weekday political show was run on BFMTV, Bourdin 2007, with Jean-Jacques Bourdin, from 8:30 and 9am, simulcast from RMC.

From 11/2006, Ruth Elklief started co-anchoring with Hedwige Chevrillon on BFM Business for the new show, Le Duo BFM, which simulcast at 12:30pm on both channels. BFMTV reran this show at 9:30pm. In 1/2008, the show was replaced by La Tribune BFM, which was a Sunday evening interview.

Also, in 1/2007, she also presented Elysee 2007, a nightly political debate from 7 to 8pm. Also, at the same time, BFM Non-Stop changed presenters: Guillaume Vanhems is no longer on air, Jean-Alexandre Baril now presented the morning news, Stéphanie de Muru was still on the afternoon.

From 6 to 7pm and from 8 to 8:30pm, Nathalie Levy presented news reports with Gilane Barret (general news) et Julian Bugier (business).

3rd version (4 June 2007 - 18 May 2008)[edit]

In this time, the channel relaunched completely everything (schedule, graphics, music, 3D images,...) and also the slogan ("Live et Direct" replaced "La nouvelle chaine d'info"). It also received 50 more journalists and presenters.

Christophe Delay, formerly anchored from 7 to 8am on Europe 1, replaced Thomas Misrachi and goes alongside with Karine de Menonville on the first part of Première edition (6-8:30am).

Florence Duprat and Thomas Misrachi now presented the midday news.

Weekday evening had a new program, QG de l'info, from 6 to 7 with Ronald Guintrange and Thomas Sotto.

Marc Autheman and Valérie Béranger now presented the weekend evening news from 6 to 9, known as Info 360 le week-end. From 6am to 6pm, BFMTV still kept its image-only reports.

Starting from 27/8/2007, Bourdin 2007 was renamed as Bourdin Direct. Also, Marc Autheman and Stéphanie de Muru now presented the weekend evening news, known shortly as Week-end 360.

In 2/2008, the channel set up a new weekend schedule, affecting only the 6pm-midnight slot, with four changes:

  • Marc Autherman became news presenter for 20H Week-end and QG de l'info from 6 to 7pm each Saturday.
  • Rachid M'Barki became news presenter for 19H Week-end and QG de l'info from 9 to 10pm each weekend.
  • Gilane Barret, who had been anchoring BFM Non-Stop from 9pm to midnight each weekend since 2007, now rejoined Stéphanie de Muru for Week-end 360 from 10pm to midnight.
  • Rulk Elklief and Olivier Mazerolle stopped being on air each Friday.

4th version (Since 19 May 2008)[edit]

BFMTV announced, in 1/2008, the schedule changes somewhere around March and April, before postponing it until 19/5/2008. The channel would update the morning and evening news block, while showing sports in partnership with RMC in the afternoon. From 1/2008, the channel started carrying La Tribune BFM, in partnership with Dailymotion, Sundays at 6pm.

In this new schedule, BFMTV now branded themselves as "première chaine d'info en France", with totally live in antenna. The continuous news block BFM Non-Stop now has two journalists each timeslot, instead of one, include: Diane Gouffrant and Jean-Alexandre Baril (mornings), Stéphanie de Muru and Gilane Barret/Rachid M'Barki (afternoons (already ending 1 hour earlier)). From May to June 2008, Thomas Sotto anchored Partageons nos idées each Saturday at 8:50pm.

Continuous changes[edit]

Starting from 2008, BFMTV has been updating its schedule every September, with the announce that it would broadcast "all live" from 6am to midnight. Here are some changes:

September 2008[edit]

Alain Marschall and Olivier Truchot, who have been hosting Les Grandes Gueules from 11am to 2pm on RMC since 2004, take over Ruth Elkrief's slot (from 7pm to 8pm) with an interactive program offering viewers a chance to comment on current events. Rulk Elklief started anchoring Midi Rulk Elklief from noon to 2pm each weekday. BFM Non-Stop now was presented by: Jean-Alexandre Baril and Roselyne Dubois from 9am to 12pm, Stéphanie de Muru and Gilane Barret (newsreader in Midi Ruth Elkrief) from 2pm to 3pm, then Florence Duprat and Thomas Misrachi from 3pm to 6pm.

While presenting La Tribune BFM-Dailymotion from 7 to 8pm each Sunday, Olivier Mazerolle became political editor and let Thomas Sotto anchor the 8pm newscast. Candice Mahout, who was a chronicler in Première edition, presented Showtime from 8:30 to 9pm, a current affairs magazine.

Finally, Karl Zéro anchored Karl Zéro sur BFM TV at 10:10pm, which was an interview with 1 or 2 guests, and it was inspired by CNN's Larry King. Info 360, presented by Ronald Guintrange and Nathalie Levy, was broadcast weekdays from 9 to 10pm, then 11pm to midnight.

Each weekend, Marc Autheman anchored QG de l'info from 6 to 7pm and from 8 to 9pm, followed by the 9pm-midnight Week-end 360 with Rachid M'Barki and Diane Gouffrant.

In 11/2008, Marc Menant joined BFMTV for Partageons nos idées from 7 to 8pm. 6 versions of this show were presented by Thomas Sotto until summer 2008.

In 1/2009, the 8pm edition of QG de l'info and Showtime were combined to Le 20H with Thomas Sotto. Stéphanie Soumier now presented Partageons nos idées.

In 7/2009, Info 360 had two replaces: Nathalie Levy, the co-presenter, joined France 5; and Julian Bugier, the business presenter, joined i-Télé, BFMTV's main competitor.

September 2009[edit]

Karine de Menonville started presenting Info 360 with Ronald Guintrange (this show now ended at 12:15am instead of midnight).

Graziella Rodriguez anchored Première edition with Christophe Delay.

Karl Zéro presented the live interview Sarko Info each weeknight at 8:35.

From 7 to 8pm, the interactive show with Alain Marschall and Olivier Truchot was re-introduced, now with Louise Ekland.

In 11/2009, BFMTV launched its new website, bfmtv.com (formerly bfmtv.fr), now also included the allowing to watch selection of programs, instead of just watching live.

Criticism[edit]

As a rolling news channel, BFMTV has been criticized for "accelerat[ing] reality, and creat[ing] pressure for instant solutions", as well as being conflating what it means to be "popular" and "populist" due to its pursuit of audiences. Thus other media institutions have insinuated that BFMTV has furthered the cause of Marine Le Pen, the head of the nationalist Front national political party. For example, BFMTV "star interviewer" Jean-Jacques Bourdin has been ridiculed for "rejoicing at the prospect of a President Le Pen"; such insinuations tend to arouse "fury" in the BFMTV newsroom. In March 2014 French media regulator Conseil supérieur de l'audiovisuel (CSA) examined BFMTV's distribution of airtime for election candidates, stating that the channel gave UMP and Socialist Party candidates limited access while allowing the Front National "persistent overrepresentation".[3]

Daniel Schneidermann, a media commentator writing for the left-wing Libération, thinks that BFMTV "may not set out to be right-wing but it ends up that way de facto", claiming that BFMTV "over-cover[s] her" because they need good ratings and Le Pen "always gets a good audience". Similarly, Schneidermann notes that they prioritize coverage of sensational issues such as crime stories to the detriment of "social" stories. Indeed, Bourdin and another TV host Christophe Hondelatte have been described as a "duo of shock".[4] For example, Hondelatte revealed that his pay is tied to the size of the audience he attracts.[5]

BFM was sued in April 2015 for its coverage of the 9 January 2015 Porte de Vincennes siege. Six hostages hiding in the Hypercacher kosher grocery store claimed that the network endangered their lives by broadcasting the fact that they were seeking refuge in the grocery's refrigerator while the siege was still ongoing.[6]

Broadcasting[edit]

It was launched first on the French digital terrestrial television (TNT, or télévision numérique terrestre) and is broadcast free 24 hours a day, by satellite on CanalSat (see frequencies below), French digital terrestrial television, by DSL providers Free, Neuf, Alice, Orange, by mobile television on Orange and SFR, by cable provider Numericable, and live on the channel's website (via Windows Media streaming).

BFMTV has a policy called priorite au direct that mandates that live outside feeds are used whenever possible.[1]

BFMTV is freely broadcast by satellite in DVB-S MPEG-2 unencrypted:

  • Hot Bird 13°: 11.585 GHz Pol V, SR27500 et FEC 2/3
  • Astra 19.2°E, 11.508 GHz, Pol V, SR 22000 et FEC 5/6

BFM TV anchors[edit]

BFMTV journalists, who tend to be young, "pride themselves on doing things differently.[7]

Business[edit]

  • Nicolas Doze

Culture[edit]

  • Candice Mahout

Hi-tech[edit]

  • Anthony Morel

News[edit]

Céline Moncel Karine de Ménonville
Dominique Mari Christophe Delay
Alain Marschall Olivier Truchot
Jean-Jacques Bourdin Igor Sahiri
Roselyne Dubois Florence Duprat
Fabien Crombé Damien Gourlet
Ronald Guintrange Gilane Barret
Nathalie Nevy Jean-Baptiste Boursier
Jachid M'Barki Francois Gapihan
Lucie Nuttin Stéphanie De Muru
Benjamin Dubois Philippe Gaudin
Sandra Gandoin Céline Pitelet
Jean-Remi Baudot Aurrélie Casse
Maxime Cogny Caroline Dieudonné

Other[edit]

  • Fabrice d'Almeida
  • Thomas Misrachi
  • Hervé Gattegno

Politics[edit]

Sports[edit]

  • Virginie Phulpin

Weather[edit]

  • Christophe Person
  • Fanny Agostini
  • Loïc Rivìeres
  • Guillaume Séchet
  • Sandra Larue
  • Marc Hay

Schedule[edit]

Former shows[edit]

  • Bourdin 2007
  • Info 360
  • Week-End 360
  • QG de L'Info
  • Midi-14H
  • Sarko Info
  • Le tacle de Courbis
  • Partageons nos Idées

Connection with Fox News[edit]

On 2011, BFMTV produced a promo to thank viewers for "France's most watched news channel", which seems like copying the structure and format of a similar promo of Fox News Channel, produced in 2003, which looks like this:

Fox News:

And here's BFMTV (original French):

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Schofield, Hugh (30 October 2014). "The channel that's spiced up French TV". BBC News Magazine. 
  2. ^ "Website BFM TV", retrieved 14 July 2012
  3. ^ Delcambre, Alexis (19 March 2014). "Front national : le CSA rappelle à l’ordre BFMTV". Le Monde (in French). 
  4. ^ Boussaingault, Gilles (22 September 2014). "Christophe Hondelatte : " Ma dépression est derrière moi "". Le Figaro. 
  5. ^ Geffray, Émilie (1 November 2014). "Le salaire de Christophe Hondelatte à BFMTV dépend de son audience". Le Figaro (in French). 
  6. ^ Sabin, Lamiat (3 April 2015). "Paris kosher supermarket massacre: French TV channel BFM sued by victims' families over coverage that allegedly put 'lives of hostages in danger'". The Independent. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  7. ^ "http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-29709436

External links[edit]