Bozcaada Castle

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Bozcaada Castle
Çanakkale Province, Turkey
Bozcaada, Çanakkale Province.jpg
From the east
Bozcaada Castle is located in Turkey
Bozcaada Castle
Bozcaada Castle
Coordinates 39°50′N 26°04′E / 39.833°N 26.067°E / 39.833; 26.067Coordinates: 39°50′N 26°04′E / 39.833°N 26.067°E / 39.833; 26.067
Type Fortress
Site information
Open to
the public
Yes
Condition Most of it still standing.
Site history
Built by Ottoman Empire

Bozcaada Castle (Turkish: Bozcaada kalesi) is a castle in the Turkish island of Bozcaada (known as Tenedos before the 15th century).

Geography[edit]

The castle is situated in the east of the island, just north of the Bozcaada town at 39°50′N 26°04′E / 39.833°N 26.067°E / 39.833; 26.067 in Çanakkale Province. Visitors to the castle use the ferry line from Geyikli in the mainland (Anatolia) to the island. The castle is within walking distance from the ferry terminal.

History[edit]

Before the 14th century, there was a castle in the island. But there is no document about the constructor of this former castle. Phoenicia, Roman Empire and the Republic of Venice were among the possible constructors. However, the castle was demolished after the War of Chioggia between the Republic of Venice and the Republic of Genoa by the advice of the Pope. When Mehmet II of the Ottoman Empire conquered the island in 1455 he rebuilt the castle. In July 1656, during the Cretan War, a Venice fleet commanded by Giacomo Loredano captured the castle. But Ottomans under Köprülü Mehmet Pasha recaptured the castle in August 1657. [1] Soon after the reconquest, the castle underwent a great renewall. A second renewal was carried on in 1815 by the sultan Mahmut II.

Architecture[edit]

There are two sections; bailey and the citadel. There is a moat of 250 metres (820 ft) length and 10 metres (33 ft) width to the south of the castle. Within the citadel there are cisterns, an arsenal, an infirmary, a well, a mosque and various rooms. Formally The gate of the castle was a saracen gate over the moat. [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Niclolae Jorga: Geschiste des Osmanichen, ( trans. Nilüfer Epçeli) Vol 3,Yeditepe yayınları İstanbul, 2009, ISBN 975-6480-21-1 pp77-88
  2. ^ Bozcaada guide (Turkish)