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Pages in category "1485 births"
The following 63 pages are in this category, out of 63 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1485 births.|
The following 63 pages are in this category, out of 63 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. 1485 – Year 1485 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. Spring – Multiple earthquakes near Taishan, China. March 16 – Solar eclipse across northern South America and Central Europe. June 1 – Matthias of Hungary takes Vienna in his conquest of Austria and makes the city his capital. August 5–August 7 – The first outbreak of sweating sickness in England begins. Henry Tudor becomes King Henry VII of England. September 12 – Muscovian forces take hold of Tver. September 15 – Peter Arbues is assaulted while praying in the cathedral at Zaragoza, Spain; he dies on September 17. He had been appointed Inquisitor of Aragon in the campaign against heresy and crypto-Judaism. October 30 – King Henry VII of England is crowned. November 2 – The Peace of Bourges freezes the Mad War. Leon Battista Alberti's De Re Aedificatoria becomes the first printed work on architecture. From about this date, Leonardo da Vinci produces a number of designs for flying machines, including helicopter.1485 – Hernán Cortés
2. Nicolas Bachelier – Nicolas Bachelier was a French surveyor, architect, mason. Francis I had previously discussed the possibility of such a canal with Leonardo da Vinci. They also could traverse a canal parallel to the river. Francis I approved their plans which included a lock-free canal of variable depth. These plans could not be executed. Nothing was done until Pierre Paul Riquet began the successful endeavor of the Canal du Midi in 1662.Nicolas Bachelier – Nicolas Bachelier
3. Lambert Barnard – Lambert Barnard, also Lambert Bernardi was an English Renaissance painter. He is now believed to be of English origin. His extant works are to be found in and around Chichester. Grandson, Lambert, two further generations of painter-stainers also named Lambert, followed him in the city. Barnard worked with oil on board his style being characterised by a use of rich colours, heavy black outline and lavish gilding. The recent dating of this scheme at 1533 makes it an original statement hugely important to the history of English art. .Lambert Barnard – Thomas West commissioned Lambert Barnard, to paint the ceiling of the nave, of Boxgrove Priory, with the arms and crests of his own and his wife's families, entwined with flowers and foliage.
4. John Russell, 1st Earl of Bedford – John Russell, 1st Earl of Bedford KG PC JP was an English royal minister in the Tudor era. He served variously as Lord Privy Seal. James's father was possibly William Russell, but more likely his brother John Russell by daughter of John Froxmere of Droitwich, Worcs. John was Elizabeth Herring, daughter of John Herring of Chaldon Herring. Great-grandfather of the 1st Earl, was a substantial wine merchant and shipper, who represented Weymouth in the House of Commons four times. In the deed Henry referred as son and heir of Stephen Russell and of Alice his wife. He was at the taking of Thérouanne and Tournai. He witnessed the Battle of Pavia. Following his marriage in the Spring of 1526 he made alterations to his ancestral seat Chenies Manor House to reflect his good fortunes. He now stood with the King and Cardinal Wolsey though he would not suffer disgrace at the fall of the latter. Late in 1536, he was helped to suppress the Pilgrimage of Grace. On March 1538/1539 he was created Baron Russell, appointed Lord President of the Council of the West. In the next month, he was made a Knight of the Garter. In July 1539 he was made Lord Warden of the Stannaries. The Council of the West did not survive the fall of Cromwell.John Russell, 1st Earl of Bedford – John Russell, 1st Earl of Bedford, by Hans Holbein the Younger; Royal Collection, Windsor Castle
5. Johann Boemus – Johann Boemus was a German humanist, canon of Ulm Cathedral, traveller, Hebraist. He was author of the first ethnographic compendium of the Early Modern period in Europe. Leges et Ritus was published in 1520. It was reprinted multiple times including a 1571 edition. There were later editions, accumulating related treatises by other scholars. It helped inspire the Hauptchronik of Sebastian Franck. It helped set the stage for subsequent investigations of the connections of law including Paul Henri Mallett's Northern Antiquities. There were English translations by Edward Aston, The Manners, Lawes and Customs of all Nations. This book is cited as the scientific approach to ethnography available in English.Johann Boemus – Title page of Johannes Boemus: Mores, Leges Et Ritus Omnium Gentium. - Lyon, 1541.
7. Johannes Bugenhagen – Johannes Bugenhagen, also called Doctor Pomeranus by Martin Luther, introduced the Protestant Reformation in the Duchy of Pomerania and Denmark in the 16th century. Among his major accomplishments was organization of Lutheran churches in Northern Germany and Scandinavia. He has also been called the second Apostle of the North. Johannes Bugenhagen was pastor in Wittenberg. He is also commemorated as a pastor on 20 April. Bugenhagen was born in Duchy of Pomerania, on 24 June 1485 as one of three children of local Ratsherr Gerhard Bugenhagen. From 1502 to 1504, he studied artes at the University of Greifswald. In 1504, he became Rector of the local school. Duke Bogislav X of Pomerania ordered Bugenhagen to write down the history of Pomerania in Latin. The year 1518 is the beginning of historical writing of the combined Pomerania. Bugenhagen first encountered the theology of Luther on the Babylonian Captivity of the Church in 1520. At first he did not like Luther's thoughts at all. However, once he had studied it more, Bugenhagen moved to Wittenberg. In Wittenberg, Bugenhagen was elected parish pastor on October 1523, making him Martin Luther's pastor and confessor. He was a member of Luther's team translating the Holy Bible from Latin to German, opened the debate on Ulrich Zwingli's reforms.Johannes Bugenhagen – Bugenhagen in 1537 by Lucas Cranach
8. Catherine of Aragon – Arthur died five months later. In 1507, she held the position of ambassadress for the Aragonese Crown in England, becoming the female ambassador in European history. Catherine subsequently married the recently ascended Henry VIII, in 1509. For six months in 1513, she served as regent of England while Henry VIII was in France. During that time the English won the Battle of an event in which Catherine played an important part with an emotional speech about English courage. He sought setting in motion a chain of events that led to England's schism with the Catholic Church. When Pope Clement VII refused to annul the marriage, Henry defied him by assuming supremacy over religious matters. Henry married Anne on the judgement of clergy in England, without reference to the Pope. Catherine considered herself the King's rightful wife and queen, attracting much popular sympathy. Despite this, she was acknowledged only by Henry. After being banished from court, she died there on 7 January 1536. Her death set off tremendous mourning among the English people. She successfully appealed for the sake of their families. Catherine also won widespread admiration by starting an extensive programme for the relief of the poor. She was a friend of the great scholars Erasmus of Rotterdam and Thomas More.Catherine of Aragon – Portrait by Lucas Hornebolte
9. Nicolau Chanterene – Nicolau Chanterene was a French sculptor and architect who worked mainly in Portugal and Spain. It is assumed that he was born in Normandy, France. It is not clear whether he got his training in France or Italy. However his style is essentially French, notwithstanding his use of Lombard ornaments. These statues introduce influences from the Italian Renaissance in Galicia. By January 1517 an assistant were at work as master contractors at the western portal of the Jerónimos Monastery in Belém. This was probably his first assignment in Portugal. They are flanked by John the Baptist. He then decorated the tympanum with the Annunciation, the Epiphany, each scene set in a tiny niche. Holdings the arms of Portugal, close the archivolt. Chanterene left in 1518 in this Age of Discovery. He would work there at the renovation of the Augustinian Santa Cruz Monastery, under the direction of Diogo de Castilho. His reputation grew fast that already in 1519 king Manuel I appointed him his personal sculptor with the accompanying pension and privileges. The kings lie on their tombs, clad in full armour, with hands joined at their feet. Their serene expression is such that one would think that they are asleep.Nicolau Chanterene – Jerónimos Monastery 's Western portal, transition from the Gothic style to Renaissance, by Nicolau Chanterene, 1517
10. Robert Cheeseman – Robert Cheeseman or Cheseman was an English politician. He was the Member of Parliament for Middlesex 28 April 1539 -- July 1540. He was one of the gentlemen selected to welcome Anne of Cleves when she first landed in England. In 1536 he supplied thirty men against the Northern rebels of the Pilgrimage of Grace. He married daughter of Henry Dacres, of Mayfield, Staffordshire, a Merchant Tailor and Alderman of London. He was married a second time to May 5, 1523 Saint Andrews Baynard Castle, London. Together they had John, Robert, Eleanor, Anne and Raaf all born in Bedfordshire, England. At his death he held the neighbouring manors of Norwood, Middlesex. A monument was placed in Norwood chapel. Biography Tate Britain audio guideRobert Cheeseman – Portrait by Holbein (1533).
11. Bernardo ClesioBernardo Clesio – Bernardo Clesio
12. Thomas Cromwell – Cromwell was one of most powerful advocates of the English Reformation. He helped to engineer an annulment of the king's marriage to Queen Catherine of Aragon so that Henry could lawfully marry Anne Boleyn. Cromwell subsequently charted an evangelical and reformist course for the Church of England in spirituals and vicar-general. During his rise to power, Cromwell made many enemies, including his former ally Anne Boleyn. He played a prominent role in her downfall. He later fell after arranging the king's marriage to German princess Anne of Cleves. Cromwell was executed for treason and heresy on Tower Hill on 28 July 1540. The king later expressed regret at the loss of his chief minister. Until the 1950s, historians discounted Cromwell's role, calling a doctrinaire hack, little more than the agent of the despotic King Henry VIII. Geoffrey Elton, however, featured him in government in The Tudor Revolution. Subsequent historians have agreed as to Cromwell's importance, though not with his claims of "revolution". Katherine, was the aunt of Nicholas Glossop of Wirksworth in Derbyshire. She lived in Putney in the house of a local attorney, John Welbeck, to Walter Cromwell in 1474. Cromwell had two sisters: the elder, Katherine, married a Welsh lawyer; the younger, Elizabeth, married a farmer, William Wellyfed. Richard, was employed in his uncle's service, changed his name to Cromwell.Thomas Cromwell – Portrait of Thomas Cromwell, Hans Holbein the Younger, (1532–33)
13. Luigi Da Porto – Da Porto wrote the novel before June 1524. The title of the book was Historia novellamente ritrovata di due nobili amanti, dedicated to his mentor Pietro Bembo. The conflicts within Friulian clans were however at a critical point. He dedicated the work to Lucina, who by then had been married off to someone else. Da Porto set the story in the age of Bartolomeo della Scala. He even created the characters of Mercutio, Tybalt, Friar Laurence and Paris.Luigi Da Porto – Frontispiece of Giulietta e Romeo from 1530. by Luigi da Porto
14. Johannes Dantiscus – Johannes Dantiscus, was prince-bishop of Warmia and Bishop of Chełmno. In recognition of his diplomatic services for Polish kings, the poet is also known as the Father of Polish Diplomacy. A depiction located at Stanford University Libraries, identifies him as Ioannes De Curiis, Pruss. Varmien with St. Katherine, St. Peter crests. Dantiscus was born in Danzig. His family's name was von Höfen, while Flachsbinder was an occupational name derived from his grandfather's ropemaking trade. Johannes took on the nickname Dantiscus in order to show that he was a burgher of Danzig where his father was a merchant. He studied first in Greifswald, then in Kraków where he was awarded a bachelor's degree. For over 30 years he was the royal secretary. Dantiscus, at King Sigismund I's side, took part in 1515. In Vienna he was made a nobleman. Johannes became a canon, then Bishop of Chełmno and later of Bishop of Warmia. He also wrote many poems, mainly in Latin, for which he is regarded as one of the most outstanding poets. Among his many works is his autobiography Vita Joannis de Curiis Dantisci. In addition, he maintained an active correspondence throughout Europe as well as with relatives.Johannes Dantiscus – Joannes Dantiscus Episcopus Culmensis
15. Nikolaus Decius – Nikolaus Decius (also Degius, Deeg, Tech a Curia, Nickel von Hof; c. 1485 – 21 March 1541 was a German monk, hymn-writer and composer. He was probably born around 1485. He studied at the University of Leipzig and became a monk. Although a monk, he was a disciple of Martin Luther. He wrote for Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr, adapted by Luther in 1525, a German paraphrase of the Latin Gloria. Decius's version was first sung at Braunschweig on 5 April 1523. Decius's Low German version first appeared in print by Joachim Sluter, printed in 1525. In 1535 he died there in March 1541 after a suspected poisoning. Shortly before his death he wrote the hymn "unschuldig" sung on a tune from the 13th century. Decius's version was first published in 1542. Johann Sebastian Bach used it as a cantus firmus in the opening chorus of his St Matthew Passion. It was translated by Arthur Tozer Russell in the 19th century. Ludger Stühlmeyer: Nikolaus Decius – ein Kirchenlieddichter aus Hochfranken. In: Jahrbuch der Erzdiözese Bamberg 2014. Heinrichs-Verlag Bamberg, 89.Nikolaus Decius – Former Franziskanerkloster, School of Nikolaus Decius in Hof
16. Justus Ludwik Decjusz – Justus Ludwik Decjusz was a notable Polish burgher and diplomat of German origin in 16th-century Kraków. He served as a finance secretary to the Polish king Sigismund I the Old. Originally from Alsace, Decjusz's career peaked as the king's personal adviser and overseer of the royal mint. He also based on personal observation and experience, which has served as a widely used primary source on 16th-century Poland. In 1528 Decjusz built a villa, designed by Italian architects. The work, finished in 1535, took seven years to complete. It became a place for local residents of diverse ethnic and cultural backgrounds to discuss issues of the day, politics and religious matters. The practice is continued today by the Stowarzyszenie Willa Decjusza, located in the building.Justus Ludwik Decjusz – Decjusz's Villa in Wola Justowska, Kraków
17. Dragut – Dragut was an Ottoman Greek admiral and privateer who also served as Bey of Algiers; Beylerbey of the Mediterranean; and first Bey, later Pasha, of Tripoli. Under his naval command the Ottoman Empire's maritime power was extended across North Africa. Turgut was an Ottoman seaman of Greek descent. He was born on the Aegean coast of Asia Minor. He had been forceably converted to Islam. The Ottoman Turkish governor eventually carried Turgut off in 1517 where he participated in the Ottoman conquest of Egypt as a cannoneer. He further improved his skills during his presence in Cairo. Following the death of his master, Turgut began his career as a sailor after joining the fleet of Sinan Reis. He immediately became one of the favourite crewmen of the famous corsair due to his success in hitting enemy vessels with cannons. Turgut soon became the captain of a brigantine, while given 1/4 of its ownership. After successful campaigns, he became the sole owner of the brigantine. In 1520 he joined the fleet of Hayreddin Barbarossa, who would become his best friend. Turgut was given the command of 12 galliots. In 1526 Turgut Reis captured the fortress of Capo Passero in Sicily. In May 1533, 18 barques, Turgut Reis captured two Venetian galleys near the island of Aegina.Dragut – Portrait of Turgut (Dragut) Reis
18. Jean Duvet – Jean Duvet was a French Renaissance goldsmith and engraver, now best known for his engravings. He was the first French printmaker. According to Henri Zerner, his work has a "immediacy that have no equivalent in Renaissance printmaking". His dated print is The Annunciation from 1520, although others are probably earlier. Although he remained in the provinces, he was appointed goldsmith to both Francis I and Henry II. In 1533, he was in charge of the festivities and decoration. The influence of scenery has been detected in his prints. No identified examples of his goldsmithing survive, though commissions for others are documented. His dated print is the Frontispiece of 1555. The question perhaps cannot be regarded as entirely settled. The Geneva Duvet was recorded as the son of "Loys Duvey, alias Drot de Dijon", probably Jean Duvet's brother, who became a Master in 1509. Eisler and Blunt favour the Geneva figure being Duvet himself, followed by Marqusee; Zerner and R. May do not. Yet another Jean Duvet, working as a goldsmith in Geneva, was condemned in Geneva in 1576. The Geneva Duvet is rather better documented, holding official office.Jean Duvet – Detail of The Marriage of Adam and Eve, probably 1540/1555, engraving.
19. Elizabeth of Denmark, Electress of Brandenburg – Elizabeth of Denmark, Norway, Sweden was a Scandinavian princess who became Electress of Brandenburg as the spouse of Joachim I Nestor, Elector of Brandenburg. She was daughter of his spouse, Christina of Saxony. As a child, Elizabeth had a close relation with the later King Christian II of Denmark. She was able to write in both Danish and German. Elizabeth and Joachim got along well during the first twenty years of their marriage and co-existed harmoniously. She received her mother in 1507, received Christian in 1523. Her spouse was a pugnacious adherent of Roman Catholic orthodoxy during the Reformation. In 1523, she became a convinced Protestant. In 1527, she received the Protestant communion in public: this caused a conflict with her husband. The council replied that he should have her imprisoned. Otherwise, she suggested that they separate, referring in 1504. She was given a residence near Wittenberg. Her husband forbade her sons to visit her. In 1532, her brother was imprisoned, she thereby lost her supporters. She finally stayed in Spandau.Elizabeth of Denmark, Electress of Brandenburg – Sculpture of Elizabeth from the altarpiece by Claus Berg in St. Canute's Cathedral, Odense (c. 1530)
20. Odet of Foix, Viscount of Lautrec – Odet de Foix, Vicomte de Lautrec was a French military leader. The branch of the Viscounts of Lautrec originated with Pierre, the son of John III of Foix; Pierre's elder brother was Gaston IV of Foix. In 1515 Lautrec took part in the campaign of Marignano. In 1516 Lautrec received the government of the Milanese duchy, but by his severity made the French domination insupportable. The mutiny of his Swiss troops had compelled him, against his wish, to engage in the battle. He was created a marshal of France, in 1527 he again received the command of the army of Italy. He occupied the Milanese, was then sent to undertake the conquest of the kingdom of Naples. The defection of Andrea Doria and an outbreak of the plague in the French camp brought on a fresh disaster. Lautrec himself caught the infection, died in the August 1528. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. There is abundant manuscript correspondence in the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris See the Works of Brantôme Memoirs of Martin du Bellay.Odet of Foix, Viscount of Lautrec – Odet de Foix, Vicomte de Lautrec, sketched by Jean Clouet (early 16th century).
21. Veronica Gambara – Veronica Gambara was an Italian poet, stateswoman and political leader. Her family contained a number of female intellectuals, including her great-aunts, the humanist poets Ginevre and Isotta Nogarola. Veronica was also a niece of the principal female interlocutor of Baldessare Castiglione's Il Cortegiano. Gambara received a humanist education, studying Latin, Greek, philosophy, scripture. At the age of 24, she married her cousin, the 50-year-old widower Giberto X, Count of Correggio, in Amalfi. They had two sons, Ippolito was born in 1511. After Giberto's death in 1518, she took charge of the state, well as the education of her two sons and step-daughter Costanza. Previously aligned with French king, Francis I, Gambara allied Correggio with Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. The treaty was broken, however, in 1538 when Count of Mirandola and Concordia, launced an attack on Correggio. Gambara organized between 1546 and 1550, saw that Charles V paid for improved fortifications. She died June 1550 in Correggio, Italy. 150 of her letters are extant, although there is no full English translation of her work. A English translation of her poems was published in 2014. Little of her poetry was published during her lifetime, though it was well-known throughout Italy by 1530. Gambara primarily composed poetry in Italian falling into four categories: poems on political issues, love poems to her husband.Veronica Gambara – Veronica Gambara (1485–1550). Painting by Antonio da Correggio about 1517 -1520, The Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia
22. Pedro de la Gasca – Pedro de la Gasca was a Spanish bishop, diplomat and the second viceroy of Peru, from April 10, 1547 to January 27, 1550. Pedro de la Gasca studied at the University of Salamanca and the University of Alcalá. He became a priest and a lawyer, was known for his intellect. In 1542 he was negotiator for Emperor Charles V in discussions with King Henry VIII, a position requiring diplomatic skill. The Emperor, recovering from a ruinous war, was unable to send an army against Pizarro. La Gasca sailed without troops or money. Two Dominican priests and a few servants made up his party. He arrived in Panama, representing himself as a peacemaker charged only with reestablishing justice and granting a general amnesty. Pizarro's fleet was stationed in Panama, La Gasca's diplomatic skills soon converted Pizarro's officers to Gazca's cause. Gonzalo Pizaro, however, refused to submit, fled secretly to Cuzco, where he had loyal troops. La Gasca, escorted by nearly the whole fleet of Pizarro, landed at Tumbes in 1547. He issued a proclamation announcing his mission as peacekeeper and inviting all good citizens to join him in restoring tranquility. In another proclamation he granted amnesty to all deserters and promised rewards to those who would take up arms in defense of the Crown. He also repealed the New Laws, the cause around which the rebellion had been organized. La Gasca soon assembled a respectable army.Pedro de la Gasca – Pedro de la Gasca
23. Urs Graf – Urs Graf was a Swiss Renaissance goldsmith, painter and printmaker, as well as a mercenary soldier. He only produced two etchings, one of which dates from 1513 – the earliest known etching for which a date has been established. He also produced a few engravings, including copies of works by Albrecht Dürer. He produced innovative drawings intended as finished works of art rather than just studies. Graf learned goldsmithing first from Hugo Graf, then from a goldsmith in Zürich. He continued to work as a few pieces survive. He initially earned money by assisting a stained glass painter. In 1512, he became a member of the goldsmiths' guild. After 1527 his life becomes unclear. Given his frequent employment as a soldier of fortune it is possible he was present at the sack of Rome. Christiane Andersson noted that, "where he died are unknown: his wife remarried in October 1528 but an autograph drawing is dated 1529". Like Swiss men of his day, Graf was known to have worked as a mercenary for considerable periods. Christiane Andersson. "Graf, Urs." Grove Art Online.Urs Graf – Urs Graf, Naked female fiddler with an old fool from Basel (1523)
24. Peter Henlein – Peter Henlein, a locksmith and clockmaker of Nuremberg, Germany, is often considered the inventor of the watch. Many sources also erroneously credit him as the inventor of the mainspring. Little is known about Henlein's life. He apparently apprenticed as a locksmith. On September 1504, he was involved in a brawl in which a fellow locksmith, George Glaser, was killed. He sought asylum at a Franciscan monastery, where he stayed for four years, until 1508. In 1509 he became a master in the city's locksmith guild. He became known as a maker of small portable spring-powered brass clocks, very rare and expensive, which were fashionable among the nobility of the time. He is mentioned as the supplier of small spring-driven clocks, which were given as gifts to important people. He was supposedly small containers fashioned from precious metals for fragrances or disinfectants. For example a Nuremberg paper records that in 1524 he was paid 15 florins for a musk-ball watch. He also was known as a maker of scientific instruments. His likeness appeared on a 1942 German stamp. The mainspring which made portable clocks possible, often attributed to him, actually appeared in the 15th century, almost a century before his work. Perhaps the most, said by his peers comes from Johann Neudorfer in 1547 shortly after his death: This.Peter Henlein – Monument to Henlein by Max Meißner, in Hefnersplatz, Nuremberg
25. Thomas Kitson – Sir Thomas Kitson was a wealthy English merchant, Sheriff of London, builder of Hengrave Hall in Suffolk. Thomas Kitson was the son of Robert Kitson of Warton, Lancashire. His mother's name is unknown. Margaret Kitson, married John Washington, ancestor of George Washington. Kitson was apprenticed to the London mercer and Merchant Adventurer, Richard Glasyer. He was served as Warden in 1525-6 and 1533-4 and as Master in 1534-5. He was knighted on 30 May of that year, an honour not conferred on his co-sheriff, William Forman. In May 1534 he was associated in taking oaths of fealty from priests and monks. Kitson had financial dealings with the Crown on a large scale. By 1534-5 only ten other merchants exported cloth in larger quantities. Kitson had a house in London on Milk Street with a chapel, a house and chapel in Stoke Newington. Like wealthy London merchants he had a house in Antwerp. He obtained a license from Henry VIII to build an embattled house at Hengrave on a magnificent scale. The building finished in 1538. A later inventory of the furniture and goods at Hengrave shows its elegance.Thomas Kitson – Hengrave Hall, built by Sir Thomas Kitson
26. Thomas Knyvett – By Muriel Howard Knyvett had two daughters, Edmund, Katherine, Ferdinand, Anne, Henry. Four months after her husband's death, Muriel Howard died in childbirth between 21 December 1512. Their five orphaned children were brought up by Eleanor Knyvett. When Henry declared war in 1512, Knyvett, along with Sir John Carew, was given command of the royal flagship, the Regent. With a number of commanding other vessels, a small fleet set sail for the coast of Brittany. Knyvett's ship was engaged in boarding her when the Cordelière's powder magazine blew up. The two vessels burst into flame. Knyvett and Carew both perished, with the Breton captain Hervé de Portzmoguer and more than 1,700 men, both French and English. On The Tudors, a fictionalized Sir Anthony Knivert is based on Knyvett and played by Callum Blue. Gunn, S. J. "Knyvet, Sir Thomas". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/15799.Thomas Knyvett – A contemporary image of the Cordeliere (bearing the Flag of Brittany) and Regent (with the Flag of England) on fire. Illustration to the poem Chordigerae navis conflagratio by Germain de Brie.
27. Stygge Krumpen – He was the brother of Danish marshal Otte Krumpen. With them, the Krumpen family died out. Stygge Krumpen was born the son of Jørgen Krumpen of Anne Styggesdatter Rosenkrantz. He was the brother of later marshal Otte Krumpen. In 1505, he took his Master's degree before 1513. In 1514, he was associated with Tranebjerg church. In 1518 he was promised the first priesthood available in Jutland. He was the effective rule of the abbey. His rights transferred to Niels Stygge, against the will of the Holy See. He was active in the uprising against Christian II in 1522-23. Krumpen actively urged Johann Eck to preach in Denmark. While at Børglum, he sought to enhance his own land holdings in numerous ways, some of them unscrupulous. He was otherwise not a close advisor to the crown. After Christian III won the Count's Feud in 1536, all catholic bishops were jailed. Krumpen was imprisoned during the same time as Christian II.Stygge Krumpen – Børglum Abbey
28. Jost de Negker – Jost de Negker was a cutter of woodcuts and also a printer and publisher of prints during the early 16th century, mostly in Augsburg, Germany. He was a leading "formschneider" or blockcutter of his day, but always to the design of an artist. He is "closely tied to the evolution of the fine woodcut in Northern Europe". Born in Antwerp c.1485, he worked as a cutter in the Netherlands to 1508, when a print he cut by Lucas van Leyden was published. Negker's edition of this is his known work. With books there is more evidence, from title-pages. Another son, Samson, also cut blocks. Gert von der 1969. Thieme-Becker Kunstler Lexicon. Woods, Kim, Making Renaissance Art: Renaissance Art Reconsidered, Yale University Press, 2007, ISBN 0-300-12189-X, 9780300121896. Google BooksJost de Negker – Lovers Surprised by Death, Chiaroscuro woodcut in three colours by Hans Burgkmair, cut by de Negker, 1510. In some states de Negker's name appears below the image.
29. John Poyntz – John Poyntz was an English courtier and politician, Member of Parliament for Devizes in 1529. Poyntz married, by 1528, the daughter of Sir Matthew Browne of Betchworth Castle, Surrey. Poyntz was sewer in 1520. He was friends with the poet Sir Thomas Wyatt who wrote a satire on ‘mine own John Poyntz’. A drawing of Poyntz by Holbein survive. He was the uncle of Nicholas Poyntz.John Poyntz – John Poyntz by Hans Holbein the Younger
30. Beatus Rhenanus – Beatus Rhenanus, also known as Beatus Bild, was a German humanist, religious reformer, classical scholar, book collector. Rhenanus was born in Schlettstadt in Alsace. His father, Anton Bild, was a prosperous butcher from Rhinau. Anton emigrated to Schlettstadt and eventually became one of its Burgermeisters. He was able to provide his son with an excellent education. In 1511, he relocated to Basel, where he befriended Desiderius Erasmus and played an active role in the publishing enterprises of Johann Froben. He returned to Schlettstadt in 1526 to devote himself to a life of learned leisure. He continued a lively correspondence with many contemporary scholars, including his friend Erasmus, supervised the printing of many of Erasmus's most important works. Rhenanus died in Strasbourg. He also wrote works on Tacitus, Livy, a nine-volume work on his friend Erasmus. Http://www.uni-giessen.de/gloning/at/beatus-rhenanus_1531_rerum-germanicarum-libri-tres.pdfBeatus Rhenanus – Beatus Rhenanus
31. Antonio Semini – Antonio Semini was an Italian painter of the late-Renaissance, active in his native Genoa. He was died in Milan. He was the pupil of Ludovico Brea, painted with Teramo Piaggio. Antonio painted a Nativity for Savona. Among his pupils were his sons Ottavio Semini. Champlin, John Denison. Charles Callahan Perkins, ed. Cyclopedia of Painters and Paintings. Gaetano Schiepatti; Digitized by Googlebooks, July 19, 2007. P. 170.Antonio Semini – Martyrdom of Saint Andrew (detail) by Antonio Semini and Teramo Piaggio, 1532
32. Sibylle of Baden – Sibylle of Baden was a Margravine of Baden by birth and by marriage, Countess of Hanau-Lichtenberg. Sibylle married on 24 January 1505 to Count Philipp III of Hanau-Lichtenberg. She brought a dowry of 5000 guilders into the marriage. They had six children: Johanna, married on 6 November 1522 to Count Wilhelm IV of Eberstein. Christophora, a nun in Marienborn Abbey from November 1526, later the last abbess there. Amalie, also a nun in Marienborn Abbey from November 1526. Felicitas. Philipp IV, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg. Felicitas, also a nun in Marienborn Abbey from November 1526. By 1513, Sibylle had given birth to no son. She vowed that she would donate an altar if she had a son. In 1514, Sibylle donated a high altar to the City Church of St. Nicholas in Babenhausen. This altar is considered a major work of art in this period. With this artist, Sibylle created a monument to her relatives. 20, Babenhausen, p. 35-47 Sebastian Scholz: Die Inschriften der Stadt Darmstadt und des Landkreises Darmstadt-Dieburg und Groß-Gerau = Die deutschen Inschriften, vol.Sibylle of Baden – Grave stone of Sibylle in the City Church of St. Nicholas in Babenhausen
33. Francis Stourton, 4th Baron Stourton – Francis Stourton, 4th Baron Stourton was the son and successor of the third Baron Stourton. He died quite young, was succeeded by his uncle William, a younger son of the second Baron Stourton. Kidd, Charles and David Williamson. Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage. London: St. Martin's Press, 1995.Francis Stourton, 4th Baron Stourton – Arms of Stourton: Sable, a bend or between six fountains
34. Giovanni da Verrazzano – Giovanni da Verrazzano was an Italian explorer of North America, in the service of King Francis I of France. It is generally claimed that he was born in the Castello di Verrazzano, hence its birth indicator. "Whatever the case," writes Ronald S. Love, "Verrazzano always considered himself to be Florentine," and he was considered a Florentine by his contemporaries as well. Verrazzano left a detailed account of his voyages to North America, but little is known about his personal life. After 1506, he settled in the port of Dieppe in France, where he began his career as a navigator. In September 1522, the surviving members of Ferdinand Magellan’s crew returned to Spain, having circumnavigated the globe. Competition in trade was becoming urgent, especially with Portugal. The remaining two damaged ships, La Dauphine and La Normande, were forced to return to Brittany. Repairs were completed in the final weeks of 1523, they set sail again. This time, the ships headed south toward calmer waters, which were under dangerous Spanish and Portuguese control. It neared the area of Cape Fear on about March 1 and, after a short stay, reached the Pamlico Sound lagoon of modern North Carolina. This report caused one of many errors in the depiction of North America on contemporary maps. The continent was not fully mapped for hundreds of years. Continuing to explore his crew came with Native Americans living on the coast. However, he did not notice the entrances to Chesapeake Bay or the mouth of the Delaware River.Giovanni da Verrazzano – Giovanni da Verrazzano