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Pages in category "1553 births"
The following 96 pages are in this category, out of 96 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1553 births.|
The following 96 pages are in this category, out of 96 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. 1553 – Year 1553 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. May – The first Royal Charter is granted to St Albans in England. Witley, England, are created by Royal Charter. July 9 – Battle of Sievershausen: Prince-elector Maurice of Saxony defeats the Catholic forces of Margrave Albert of Brandenburg-Kulmbach. Maurice is mortally wounded. July 18 – The Lord Mayor of London proclaims Mary I the rightful Queen; Lady Jane Grey voluntarily abdicates. July 19 – Queen Mary I of England begins her reign. August 3 – Queen Mary I of England arrives in London from East Anglia. August 22 -- John Dudley, a supporter of Lady Jane Grey, is executed. September – Anglican bishops in England are arrested and Roman Catholic bishops are restored. October 6: Şehzade Mustafa, oldest son of Suleiman the Magnificent is executed in Konya by order of his father. September 23 – The Sadians consolidate their power in Morocco by defeating the last of their enemies. October 27 – Geneva's governing council burns Michael Servetus at the stake as a heretic. December 25 -- Battle of Tucapel: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro execute Pedro de Valdivia, the first Royal Governor of Chile. Tonbridge School founded under letters patent of Edward VI of England.1553 – July 18: Queen Mary of England.
2. Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia – Albert Frederick was Duke of Prussia from 1568 until his death. He was a son of Albert of Prussia and Anna Marie of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He was the Prussian duke of the Ansbach branch of the Hohenzollern family. Albert became Duke of Prussia after paying feudal homage on July 1569 in Lublin. The homage was described in his Proporzec. Albert Frederick initially refused to recognize the election of Stefan Bathory and supported the candidacy of Maximilian of Habsburg. However, at the Toruń sejm of October 1576 he gave his support to the new monarch. He particularly enjoyed the support of Polish Lutherans. In 1572 he began to exhibit signs of mental disorder. In early 1578, the regency was taken over by his cousin, George Frederick of Brandenburg-Kulmbach. The latter became Duke of Prussia after Albert Frederick's death in 1618. Albert Frederick was married to Marie Eleonore of Cleves, Archduchess Maria of Austria. Maria was a daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary. Albert Frederick and Marie were parents to seven children: Anna of Prussia. Married John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg.Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia – Albert Frederick
3. Cherubino Alberti – Cherubino Alberti, also called Borghegiano, was an Italian engraver and painter. He is most often remembered for the Roman frescoes completed with his brother Giovanni Alberti during the papacy of Clement VIII. He was most prolific as an engraver of copper plates. Alberti was born in 1553 into family of artists. He was the second son of Alberto Alberti, his brothers Alessandro Alberti and Giovanni Alberti were artists as well. Alberti worked as an engraver, modeling his works after the inventions of other artists. His early influences included Raphael and contemporary art. Between 1575 he made engravings after works of Federico and Taddeo Zuccari. He also produced works based on ancient statues. Later in life Alberti decorated palaces and churches in fresco. His most famous work was the decoration of Sala Clementina in the Vatican, which he completed with his brother Giovanni. He painted in Via Lata. He may afterwards by studying the works of Agostino Carracci and Francesco Villamena. At his death in Rome Alberti was Director of the Academy of an association of artists. Over 180 engravings are attributed including: Portrait of Pope Gregory XIII.Cherubino Alberti – Portrait of Cherubini Alberti by Carlo Lasinio (1759-1838)
4. Prospero Alpini – Prospero Alpini, was an Italian physician and botanist from the Republic of Venice. After taking his doctor's degree in 1578, he settled in Campo San Pietro, a small town in the Paduan territory. He was succeeded by his son Alpino Alpini. His best-known work is De Plantis Aegypti liber. This work introduced a number of plant species previously unknown to European botanists. Another was Sesban meaning Sesbania sesban. Another was the baobab tree. Early adopters of Alpini's botanical names included the botanists Carolus Clusius, Johann Bauhin, Caspar Bauhin and Johann Veslingius. Prospero Alpini's De Plantis Exoticis was published after his death. It has an expansion of the material in De Plantis Aegypti plus some other material. His De Medicina Egyptiorum is said to contain the first account of the plant published in Europe. The genus Alpinia, belonging to the Zingiberaceae, was named after him by Linnaeus. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, ed.. "Alpini, Prospero". Encyclopædia Britannica.Prospero Alpini – Prospero Alpini (1553-1617)
5. Ralph Brooke – Ralph Brooke was an English Officer of Arms in the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I. Brooke was educated at the Merchant Taylors' School. He was appointed York Herald in 1593. As York Herald, he bore the crest in the funeral procession of Elizabeth I. In December 1616 Brooke tricked Segar into confirming foreign royal arms to a common hangman of London, masquerading as a gentleman. Brooke then reported Segar to James I, who imprisoned both Brooke and Segar in Marshalsea. The Lord Chamberlain hoped that the experience would make Brooke more honest and Segar more wise. Brooke's Catalogue and Succession of the Kings, Princes, Dukes, Marquesses, Earles and Viscounts of this Realme of England since the Norman Conquest was published in 1619. Evans, G. Blakemore, ed.. The Riverside Shakespeare. 2. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 978-0-395-85822-6. Retrieved August 2009. Lee, Sir Sidney, editor.Ralph Brooke – Ralph Brooke in the funeral procession of Elizabeth I.
6. John Chamberlain (letter writer) – John Chamberlain was the author of a series of letters written in England from 1597 to 1626, notable for their historical value and their literary qualities. They are an essential source for scholars who study the period. Chamberlain's father was a successful ironmonger, who left him enough money to live without needing to earn a living. Carleton preserved Chamberlain, which contains the majority of Chamberlain's surviving letters. He presumably sent many other letters to his friends. He wrote a week. He is valued just as a commentator but as a writer. Historian A. L. Rowse has called him "the best writer of his time". Chamberlain includes lighter topics and anecdotes to keep the reader's interest. Chamberlain's letters provide a portrait of a typical London gentleman of late Elizabethan and Jacobean times, moderate in politics and religion. As he once wrote: "I wish nor seek nothing but how to live suaviter and in plenty". This detached approach lends an objective quality to Chamberlain's letters. As a conscientious correspondent, Chamberlain took pains to get his facts right. Chamberlain was never cynical or indignant. His generosity as a man is reflected in the fairness of outlook that pervades his letters.John Chamberlain (letter writer) – William Gilbert, natural philosopher, in whose house Chamberlain lodged
7. William Courtenay (died 1630) – Sir William Courtenay, Knight, of Powderham in Devon was a prominent member of the Devonshire gentry. In 1557 at the age of 4 he succeeded his father. He trained as a lawyer in the Middle Temple. Sir William was elected Member of Parliament in 1601. In 1831 he was recognised by a retrospective decision of the House of Lords as having been de jure 3rd Earl of Devon. His eldest son, William, died childless in 1605, predeceasing his father. His second son and heir was Francis Courtenay. His third daughter, Elizabeth, married Sir William Wrey, 1st Baronet of Tawstock in Devon. Her father's arms survive, impaled by Wrey, on the monument of her father-in-law John Wrey in Tawstock Church. The other children were Thomas, George, John, Alexander, Edward, Margaret and Bridget. His third wife was Jane Hill, daughter of Robert Hill of Taunton, Somerset. He died in London on 24 June 1630 and was buried in Powderham Church, Devon. Vivian, J. L.. The Visitations of the County of Devon, Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1564, by J. L. Vivian. Exeter: H S Eland.William Courtenay (died 1630) – Arms of Sir William Wrey, 1st Baronet (d.1636), impaling Courtenay of Powderham. His wife was Elizabeth Courtenay, 3rd daughter of Sir William Courtenay (1553-1630) of Powderham. Detail from monument of his father John Wrey (d.1597) in Tawstock Church, Devon
8. John Croke – Sir John Croke was Speaker of the English House of Commons between October–December 1601. Croke was Recorder of London. He spent the early part of his career as a lawyer. Croke received a call to the bar shortly after, becoming a "distinguished member". Croke was rewarded for his service from the Lord Chancellor, Sir Christopher Hatton. Upon his father's death in 1584, Croke was deeded Studley Priory, which he had purchased. He built his own house at Studley, though he moved his family to Chilton after his father's death. He was first elected for the City of London in 1597. Croke was made Lent Reader of the Inner Temple in 1596. Croke was subsequently appointed Recorder. Croke, in an era when intimidation of counsel was frequent, was noted for his'discretion' in court. The evidence obtained was used in trial, though Sir Edmund Anderson was principal judge; Jackson was released early. Croke was elected Speaker unanimously in 1601. The House was wholly in favour the proposals, although they were referred to a committee. A motion was passed asking for an address by the Speaker expressing their gratitude, which Croke duly delivered.John Croke – Sir John Croke
9. Anne Knollys, Baroness De La Warr – Anne West, Lady De La Warr was a lady at the court of Queen Elizabeth I of England. Anne Knollys was his wife Lady Catherine Carey. Her maternal grandparents were Sir William Carey and Mary Boleyn. Mary was a sister of Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII of England. Anne Knollys' mother was thus a first cousin of daughter of Henry VIII. Mary Boleyn had I of France and Henry VIII. Both Catherine Carey and Henry Carey may have been Henry's children, although we are unsure of their exact dates of birth. If true, this would make Anne the granddaughter of Henry VIII. Anne's eldest sister was the mother of the queen's favourite, Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex. Walsingham West. John West, Governor of Virginia, who emigrated to Virginia, married a wife named Anne Percy, by whom he had a son, John West. Lieutenant Colonel Nathaniel West, who emigrated to Virginia, where in 1621 he married Frances Greville, by whom he had a son, Nathaniel West. His widow married secondly Abraham Peirsey, esquire, thirdly Captain Samuel Mathews, esquire. Lettice West, who married Henry Ludlow. Katherine West, who married Nickolas Strelby.Anne Knollys, Baroness De La Warr – Portrait of Anne West by Robert Peake, 1582
10. Johannes Eccard – Johannes Eccard was a German composer and kapellmeister. He was an principal conductor at the Berlin court chapel. Eccard was born at Mühlhausen, in present-day Thuringia, Germany. At the age of eighteen he went to Munich, where he became the pupil of Orlando Lasso. In 1574, he was again at Mühlhausen, where he resided for four years. There he, together with Joachim a Burck, edited a collection of sacred songs, called Crepundia sacra Helmboldi. Afterwards he obtained an appointment as musician in the house of Jacob Fugger, the Augsburg banker. In 1583 he in 1599 conductor at Königsberg to Georg Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Anspach, the administrator of the Duchy of Prussia. Their polyphonic structure still garners the admiration of musicians. At the same time his works are instinct with a spirit of religious feeling. His school are inseparably connected with the history of the Protestant Reformation. Of Eccard's songs a many collections are extant such as those published in Der Evangelische Kirchengesang by Baron Karl Georg August Vivigens von Winterfeld. San Francisco Bach Choir. Archived from the original on 2007-08-07. Retrieved 2007-09-24.Johannes Eccard – Johannes Eccard
11. Archduke Ernest of Austria – Archduke Ernest of Austria was an Austrian prince, the son of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria of Spain. Born in Vienna, he was educated in the court of Spain. In 1587, he was a candidate for the throne of Poland. From 1576 onwards, he was governor in the Archduchy of Austria, where he promoted the counterreformation. He died in 1595.Archduke Ernest of Austria – Portrait of Archduke Ernest of Austria by Alonso Sánchez Coello c. 1580
12. Patriarch Philaret of Moscow – The second son of a prominent boyar Nikita Romanovich Feodor was born in Moscow and was the first to bear the Romanov surname. He was made a Boyar in 1583. Thenceforth, until his death, the established government of Muscovy was a diarchy. From 1619 to 1633 there were his father, the most holy Patriarch Filaret. Theoretically they were co-regents, but Filaret frequently transacted affairs of state without consulting the tsar. He replenished the treasury by a more rational system of collecting the taxes. The taxation of the tsar's military tenants was a first step towards the proportional taxation of the hitherto privileged classes. Another great service rendered by Filaret to his country was the reorganization of the Muscovite army with the help of foreign officers. Thus, formed as a state within a state. His policy streamlined the management, but also created much more complex structure: Judgment department - was in charge of judicial affairs. Church department - was in charge of the affairs of the church decorum. Treasury department - was responsible for collecting taxes from the clergy. Palace department- managed the patriarchal estates. Every order sat patriarchal nobleman with the clerks and clerks. Patriarch personally signed the papers.Patriarch Philaret of Moscow – Patriarch Filaret
13. John Florio – He was also the first translator of Montaigne into English. In 1580 he married Aline, the sister of poet Samuel Daniel. The couple had Joane Florio, baptised in Oxford in 1585; Edward, in 1588 and Elizabeth, in 1589. He died in 1625 Born in London, John Florio was of Anglo-Italian origin. He referred as "an Englishman in Italiane". Michelangelo Florio, born in Tuscany, had been a Franciscan friar before converting to the Protestant faith. He got into trouble after preaching in Naples, Padua, Venice. Seeking refuge in England during the reign of Edward VI, he was appointed pastor of the Protestant congregation in London in 1550. He was also a member of the household of William Cecil. William Cecil later fully forgave him. Little is known of Florio's mother; she may have been English. He dedicated a book to Jane Grey, his highest-ranking pupils: Regole de la lingua thoscana. Lady Jane Grey's youth, death affected him deeply and later, in seclusion, in Soglio in Switzerland, he wrote a book about her life. It was only written around 1561/1562. He describes her as innocent "saint".John Florio – Giovanni Florio, 1611. Engraving by William Hole from the 2nd edition of Florio's dictionary
14. Gortzius Geldorp – Gortzius Geldorp was a Flemish Renaissance artist, active in Germany where he distinguished himself through his portrait paintings. Geldorp was born in Leuven. The Flemish biographer Karel van Mander reported that Geldorp first learned to paint from Frans Francken I and later from Frans Pourbus the Elder. Frans Pourbus the Elder was a prominent painter in Flanders. The Elder were both pupils of Frans Floris, the leading Renaissance painter in Antwerp. Geldorp became painter to the Duke of Terra Nova, Carlo d'Aragona Tagliavia, whom he accompanied on his trips. He travelled with the Duke, participating in peace negotiations with the Dutch Republic. Geldorp stayed in the city while remaining a companion of the Duke on his travels. In 1610 Geldorp took on the city council of Cologne. Geldorp was a successful painter working for the aristocracy and other prominent patrons. Geldorp died in Cologne, aged about 65. The painter Georg Geldorp, mainly active in England was his son. The painter Melchior Geldorp who worked in Cologne was probably his nephew. Geldorp was mainly a painter of group portraits. There are 70 known works by him which are mostly painted on panel.Gortzius Geldorp – Portrait of Hortensia del Prado, Wife of Jean Fourmenois
15. Henry IV of France – Henry IV, also known by the epithet "Good King Henry", was King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. Henry was the French monarch of the House of a branch of the Capetian dynasty. Henry, as Head of the House of Bourbon, was a male-line descendant of "first prince of the blood". Upon distant cousin Henry III of France in 1589, he was called by the Salic law. He initially kept the Protestant faith and had to fight against the Catholic League, which denied that he could wear France's crown as a Protestant. To obtain mastery over his kingdom, after four years of stalemate, he found it prudent to abjure the Calvinist faith. As a pragmatic politician, he displayed an unusual religious tolerance for the era. Notably, he promulgated the Edict of Nantes, which guaranteed religious liberties to Protestants, thereby effectively ending the Wars of Religion. He was assassinated by a fanatical Catholic, was succeeded by his son Louis XIII. Considered a usurper by some Catholics and a traitor by some Protestants, Henry became target of at least 12 assassination attempts. The "Good King Henry" was remembered for his geniality and his great concern about the welfare of his subjects. He was celebrated in the popular song Vive le roi Henri and in Voltaire's Henriade. Henry was born in Pau, the capital of the joint Kingdom of Navarre with the sovereign principality of Béarn. His parents were her consort, Antoine de Bourbon, King of Navarre. Although baptised as a Roman Catholic, he was raised by his mother, who had declared the religion of Navarre.Henry IV of France – Henry IV
16. Robert Hues – Robert Hues was an English mathematician and geographer. He graduated in 1578. Hues studied navigation at a school set up by Walter Raleigh. During a trip to Newfoundland, he made observations which caused him to doubt the published values for variations of the compass. Between 1588, Hues travelled with Thomas Cavendish on a circumnavigation of the globe, performing astronomical observations and taking the latitudes of places they visited. Beginning in August 1591, Hues and Cavendish again set out on another circumnavigation of the globe. Hues returned to England the following year. Hues' work subsequently went into at least 12 other printings in Dutch, English, French and Latin. Hues later became a servant of Thomas Grey, 15th Baron Grey de Wilton. While Grey was imprisoned for participating in the Bye Plot, Hues stayed with him. Hues tutored subsequently Algernon's younger brother Henry. In later years, Hues discussed mathematics and related subjects with like-minded friends. He was buried in Christ Church Cathedral. Robert Hues was born at Little Hereford in Herefordshire, England. At the age of 18 years, he entered Brasenose College, University of Oxford.Robert Hues – The title page of a 1634 version of Hues' Tractatus de globis in the collection of the Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal
17. Jeong Bal – Navy captain Jeong Bal was a Joseon dynasty navy captain who commanded a garrison at Busan port. Eventually, his entire battalion was massacred by Japanese forces. He was the high-ranking officer to be killed in combat during the Japanese invasions of Korea. There is a statue of him defending the city in the centre of Busan. He was enshrined in 1624.Jeong Bal – General Jeong Bal
18. Vitsentzos Kornaros – Vitsentzos or Vikentios Kornaros or Vincenzo Cornaro was a Cretan poet, who wrote the romantic epic poem Erotokritos. He was a leading figure of the Cretan Renaissance. The son of a scion of the noble Venetian family of Cornaro, he was born near Sitia, Crete in 1553. Later, when he married, he came to live in Candia where he joined the Accademia dei Stravaganti. Kornaros died in 1613, just before his contemporaries, Miguel de Cervantes. Not biographic sources exist about Kornaros apart from the last verses of Erotokritos. He then moved to Candia, where his marriage to Marietta Zeno took place. Together they had two daughters named Helen and Katerina. During the outbreak of plague from 1591 to 1593 he worked as a sanitary supervisor. He was buried at the church of San Francesco. The cause of his death remains unknown. Alternate spellings of his first name include Vicenzo and Vitzentzos. Kornaros' "Erotokritos" influenced Greek poets such as Kostis Palamas, Krystallis and Seferis. After him named: A square in Heraklion and... A ferryboat, connecting the Greek islands Kythera and Antikythera with Crete, the Peloponnese and Piraeus.Vitsentzos Kornaros – Cover of The Sacrifice of Abraham by Vitsentzos Kornaros (1713 edition)
19. Johann Schweikhard von Kronberg – Johann Schweikhard von Kronberg was the Archbishop-Elector of Mainz from 1604 to 1626. Born on July 1553, Johann Schweikhard von Kronberg was the third son of Hartmut XIII von Kronburg and his wife Barbara von Sickingen. His father was an administrator for the Archbishopric of Mainz. With his older brothers taking over the family's offices, Johann was destined from an early age. He was elected through his father's influence. He was a canon of St. Alban's Abbey, Mainz from 1564 to 1566. He was then sent to the Collegium Germanicum in Rome. There, he became friends with Johannes Busaeus, later a Jesuit teaching at the University of Mainz. After his return to Mainz, the papal legate Giovanni Morone appointed him prior of Stiftes St. Peter vor Mainz. He became a Domkapitular in 1582, then became schoolmaster in 1584. He was dean of St. Alban's Abbey by 1588, then dean of the Marienstiftes in 1599. He became the treasurer of the Archbishopric in 1599. After Pope Clement VIII confirmed his election, he was consecrated as archbishop in November 1604. He completed the work of the Counter-Reformation in the Archbishopric of Mainz, begun by his predecessors. He supported the work of the Jesuits and Capuchins in the Archbishopric.Johann Schweikhard von Kronberg – Johann Schweikhard von Kronberg
20. Louise of Lorraine – Louise of Lorraine was a member of the House of Lorraine who became Queen consort of France from 1575 until 1589. Born in the Duchy of Bar, she was the daughter of Nicholas, Duke of Mercœur, Margaret of Egmont. Her mother died whilst she was she was brought up by her father and step-mother. Her childhood was unhappy; unloved by Catherine de Lorraine-Aumale, she was expected to keep out of the way of her family. This upbringing would result in her being dutiful as an adult. She was also very pious. She first caught the eye of Henry, Duke of Anjou, in 1574. He remembered Louise long after he left France. Louise herself was much surprised when she received the news from her family at her return. The match was a general surprise, as Louise was not considered to have enough status to be queen. The wedding took place on 15 February 1575, two days after Henry's coronation. The couple were finally married by Charles, Cardinal de Bourbon that evening. Louise did, however, suffer because of the hostility between the family of her spouse. Although Louise worshipped her husband, the marriage failed to produce children. She is believed to have suffered a miscarriage in the Spring of 1576; if so, it would possibly have prevented the couple from producing further children.Louise of Lorraine – Louise in 1580
21. Margaret of Valois – Margaret of Valois was a French princess of the Valois dynasty who became queen consort of Navarre and later also of France. She thus became Queen of Navarre in 1572. However, her life was anything but passive. She also proved a competent memoirist. She influenced many of Europe's royal courts with her clothing. The memoirs were published posthumously in 1628. Three of her brothers would become kings of France: Francis II, Henry III. Elisabeth of Valois, would become the third wife of King Philip II of Spain. However, Alba refused any consideration of a dynastic marriage. Margaret was secretly involved with Henry of the son of the late Duke of Guise. When Catherine found this out, she had her daughter brought from her bed. The king then beat her and sent Henry of Guise from court. A Huguenot, had to remain outside the cathedral during the religious ceremony. It was hoped this union would create harmony between Catholics and the Protestant Huguenots. Henry of Navarre had to feign conversion to Catholicism.Margaret of Valois – Detail of painting by Pieter Paul Rubens
22. George More – Sir George More was an English courtier and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1584 and 1625. More was the son of Loseley Park, Surrey. He was a Justice of Deputy Lieutenant for Surrey. In 1584, More was re-elected MP for Guildford in 1586 and 1589. He was provost marshal for Surrey in 1589. In 1593 he was MP for Guildford again. He was High Sheriff in 1596. In 1597 he was elected MP for Surrey. He was knighted in February 1598. From June 1601 to 1613, he was Chamberlain of the Receipt in the Exchequer. He was re-elected MP for Surrey in 1601. He was re-elected MP for Guildford in 1614. From 1615 to 1617, he was Lieutenant of the Tower of London. He was elected MP for Surrey again in 1621. In 1624 he was elected MP for Surrey again in 1625.George More – Bishops of Salisbury (1477–1550)
23. Thomas Muffet – Thomas Muffet was an English naturalist and physician. Thomas Muffet was born to Thomas Moffet in Shoreditch, London. From 8 to 16, Muffet attended the Merchant Taylors' School. In May 1569, he matriculated to Gonville Hall in October 1572. He graduated in 1573, when he received his bachelor's degree. Afterward, Muffet studied medicine with John Caius. Three years later, he was expelled from Gonville. In Spring 1578 Muffet boarded with chief physician of Basel, where he adopted the Paracelsian system of medicine. In 1579, Muffet was awarded a doctorate in medicine from Basel University. His thesis was entitled De amodinis medicamentis. The year after receiving his MD, in 1580, Thomas Muffet studied silkworm anatomy before finally returning to England. Muffet married his first wife, Jane, in St Mary Colechurch, London. Two years later, he was recognized as a qualified physician in London. This was not expected, as Muffet was a strong advocate for the Paracelsian system of medicine, not widely respected by the medical community. Muffet met both Tycho Brahe and Petrus Severinus, though there is no evidence as to either's intellectual influence upon him.Thomas Muffet – Title page of Theatrum Insectorum (Theatre of Insects)
24. Juan Pantoja de la Cruz – Juan Pantoja de La Cruz was a Spanish painter, one of the best representatives of the Spanish school of court painters. Pantoja worked for Philip III. The Museo del Prado contains examples of his severe style. Juan Pantoja de La Cruz was born in Valladolid. Very little is known as a painter. He probably continued to work after completing his training. Pantoja married in 1585 beginning to paint for the court around that time. After Sanchez Coello's death in 1588, he became court painter to Philip II of Spain. He kept painting portraits of Prince Philip, the future Philip III, in 1592 and 1594. Among his most well known works is the portrait of Philip II wearing a cape and hat all in black, painted around 1594 for the Escorial. This portrait is one of the best representations of the idea of Spanish majesty, based on the remoteness of the monarch. On Philip II's death in 1598, Philip III confirmed Pantoja's status as painter. When the court settled in 1601, he moved to the new capital, remaining in this city, several years. Juan Pantoja de la Cruz painted a great number of state portraits with the combined forces of his studio, his attendants, collaborators. Pantoja was primarily a painter to the royal family, to the higher aristocracy.Juan Pantoja de la Cruz – Portrait of Philip III of Spain by Juan Pantoja de la Cruz
25. Thomas Perrot – Sir Thomas Perrot was an Elizabethan courtier, soldier, Member of Parliament. He was involved in the defence of England against the Spanish Armada. Anne Perrott, who married Sir John Phillips, 1st Baronet, of Picton Castle. Perrot also had at least four illegitimate siblings, Sir James Perrot, another sister whose name is unknown. Perrot saw his first service as a soldier when he accompanied his father in 1579. He was knighted when the English forces landed at Waterford. On his home he was imprisoned in the Fleet to prevent a duel with Sir Walter Raleigh. Thereafter Perrot was again imprisoned in the Fleet for his secret marriage to Dorothy Devereux, one of the Queen's ladies in waiting. Perrot then campaigned in the Low Countries, where he fought on 22 September 1586. The suit was reopened by his daughter, Penelope, in 1619. In 1591 he was again although no charges were brought against him. He sat as Knight of the Shire for Cardiganshire. In February 1593 he was elected for Pembrokeshire. Perrot made his will on 12 February. As he had no male heir, his property was divided between his wife, his daughter, Penelope.Thomas Perrot – Portrait of Dorothy Devereux (left) and her sister, Penelope Devereux (right)
26. Shiroishi Munezane – Shiroishi Munezane was a Japanese samurai of the Sengoku period through Azuchi-Momoyama Period, who served as a retainer of the Date clan. He held the court title of Wakasa no kami. Munezane first served Date Terumune, taking part in Terumune's later campaigns. After serving Masamune for several years, Munezane received the Shiomatsu region as his personal fief in 1586. When the Date invaded Aizu three years later, Munezane served under Date Shigezane, who would later play an active role in the Ashina family's defeat. For his distinguished service in this conflict, Munezane was awarded an fief of 15,000 koku. In the 1590s, Munezane went to Korea and fought as part of Toyotomi Hideyoshi's invasion of the peninsula. Munezane died while at age 46. His adopted son Shiroishi Munenao succeeded him. "Shiroishi-shi" on Harimaya.com "Shiroishi Munezane" on Hanryū'un ni oki iruShiroishi Munezane – The emblem (mon) of the Shiroishi clan
27. John Stourton, 9th Baron Stourton – John Stourton, 9th Baron Stourton was the elder son of Charles Stourton and Lady Anne Stanley, daughter of Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby. The property passed to the son. The ninth Baron was one of the peers who tried Mary, Queen of Scots. He was succeeded by his brother Edward in 1588. Kidd, Charles and Williamson, David. Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage. London: St. Martin's Press, 1995,John Stourton, 9th Baron Stourton – Arms of Stourton: Sable, a bend or between six fountains
28. Jacques Auguste de Thou – Jacques Auguste de Thou was a French historian, book collector and president of the Parlement de Paris. His uncle was Nicolas de Thou, Bishop of Chartres. With this background, he developed a love of literature, a firm but tolerant piety, a loyalty to the Crown. During the next ten years he seized every opportunity for profitable travel. In the following year he formed part of the brilliant cortege which brought King Henry III back to France, after his flight from his Polish kingdom. He also at Bordeaux met Michel de Montaigne. In the same year he was appointed d'état. He served faithfully both Henry IV, because they both represented legitimate authority. He used his authority in the interests of religious peace. He died in Paris. A chevron between three flies sable. This history was his life's work. In a letter of March 1611, addressed to the president Pierre Jeannin, he described his labours. For this reason he wrote it in Latin, giving it as title Historia sui temporis. The second part, dealing with the first wars of religion including the St. Bartholomew's massacre, was put on the Index Librorum Prohibitorum.Jacques Auguste de Thou – Jacques Auguste de Thou
29. Eleonora di Garzia di Toledo – Leonora was born in Florence, where she was brought up by Cosimo and Eleanor of Toledo, namesake. She followed her mentor's example of taking lovers. For this reason, Pietro had her brought to the country retreat of Cafaggiolo where he strangled her to death with a dog leash. Pietro was never brought to justice for it. Until recently, she was not identified as the sitter of several portraits of her. The facts of her life have emerged from the growing scholarship on Isabella de' Medici, with whom she has much in common. Her mother were staying in Florence because García Álvarez had charge of the castles of Valdichiana in the region. When Vittoria Colonna died a few months later, Leonora was left in the care of the Duchess of Florence. He was the son of the Spanish Viceroy of Naples. She went on to bear Cosimo 11 children, including Francesco and Ferdinando, as well as Pietro and Isabella. After Eleonora died in 1562, Cosimo's Isabella replaced her as the first lady of Florence. She also took over the supervision of Leonora's upbringing. The red-headed Leonora, who possessed a natural charm, was popular in the Medici family. Lucrezia died in 1561, leaving Isabella as Cosimo's only surviving daughter; the duke was, however, treated her as his own daughter. He was charmed by her physical vigour -- she delighted in horsemanship and arms -- though he occasionally gently reminded her to behave with more decorum.Eleonora di Garzia di Toledo – "This Eleonora was a tall young woman, charming and beautiful, of becoming presence and endowed with courtly manners and virtuous habits." Portrait by 16th century unknown painter.
30. Hieronymus Wierix – Hieronymus Wierix was a Flemish engraver and member of the Antwerp Wierix family who made engravings after well-known artists, including Albrecht Dürer. Wierix was died in Antwerp. According to Cornelis de Bie's book of artist biographies Het Gulden Cabinet Jan and Antoine were all engravers. His pupils were Abraham van Merlen, Jacob de Weert. Hieronymus Wierix on ArtnetHieronymus Wierix – Adam and Eve after Durer
31. Roger Wilbraham – He also founded almshouses in Middlesex. Roger Wilbraham was born in Nantwich, Cheshire in 1553, his first wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Maisterson. The Wilbraham family was a junior branch of Woodhey, who were prominent in Cheshire affairs from the 13th century onwards. His father also collected revenues for the queen in the Nantwich Hundred. In 1580, he built Townsend House on Welsh Row in Nantwich, in which James I later stayed while visiting the town in 1617. The Maistersons, was one of the most important ones in Nantwich. Wilbraham was admitted to Gray's Inn in London in 1576. On 13 he was appointed Solicitor-General for Ireland, a position he held for 14 years. He was returned as knight of the shire for Cheshire in 1614. He received a knighthood before 1613. He kept a journal to the end of his life. He was also active in Nantwich's salt-making industry. He married Mary Baber de Tew of Somerset in January 1599/1600. The couple had three girls, Marie, Catherine. He purchased the Dorfold estate in 1602.Roger Wilbraham – Sir Roger Wilbraham
32. Sir John Wynn, 1st Baronet – Sir John Wynn, 1st Baronet, was a Welsh baronet, Member of Parliament and antiquary. He was the son of Morys Wynn ap John, who he succeeded in 1580, inheriting Gwydir Castle in Carnarvonshire. John was studied law at the Inner Temple. He claimed to be directly descended from the princes of Gwynedd through Rhodri ab Owain son of Owain Gwynedd. The male line from his family died out in the male line passed to the Anwyl of Tywyn family. However, this claim is disputed in a publication of 1884 entitled Gweithiau Gethin published by W. J. Roberts in Llanrwst.. In 1606 he was made a knight and in 1611 became the first of the Wynn baronets. He was interested in several mining ventures and also found time for antiquarian studies. He had 2 daughters. His successor was his second and eldest surviving son Richard. Wynn's work The History of the Gwydir Family, which had a great reputation in North Wales, was intended to assert his claim to royal ancestry. He won the case and afterwards was recognised as the most prominent male heir of the House of Gwynedd. John Wynn's book was first published by Daines Barrington in 1770, in 1878 an edition was published at Oswestry. His estate of Gwydir came by his marriage with the heiress of the Wynns. Today, those twelve rooms are used to show different periods of history.Sir John Wynn, 1st Baronet – The coat of arms of the Wynn of Gwydir Family were: Vert, three eagles displayed in fess Or