Category:Academics of the Slade School of Art
Pages in category "Academics of the Slade School of Art"
The following 32 pages are in this category, out of 32 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 32 pages are in this category, out of 32 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Edward Allington – Edward Thomas Allington is an English artist and sculptor. He was a fellow at Exeter College of Art and Design 1975–77 and he received a fine art award to work at the British School at Rome in 1997. His work was included in the group exhibition Objects and Sculpture at the Institute of Contemporary Arts in 1981 and he has exhibited widely in America, Japan and Europe. Allingtons work is influenced by his interest in the world of Greece and Rome and often includes references to architectural details. He has exhibited in museums and art throughout the world and is represented in major national and international collections. Allington lives and works in London and is a Professor and Head of Graduate Sculpture at Slade School of Fine Art at the Slade School of Fine Art, milton Keynes Cochlea 2000 Jesus College, Cambridge The Algorithm 2005 University College Hospital, London Edward Allington. Method for Sorting Cows, Essays 1993-97, manchester Metropolitan University, Faculty of Art. Re Views, Artists and Public SpaceEdward Allington – Deluxe vase made whilst a fellow at Exeter College of Art and Design in 1976
2. Phyllida Barlow – Phyllida Barlow CBE RA is a British artist. Barlow studied at Chelsea College of Art and the Slade School of Art, after joining the staff in the late 1960s, Barlow taught at the Slade School of Art for more than forty years before retiring in 2009 and is now Emerita Professor of Fine Art. Phyllida Barlow has had an important influence on generations of artists through her work. At the Slade School of Fine Art, her students included Turner Prize-winning and nominated artists Rachel Whiteread, in 2011 Barlow became a Royal Academician and in 2015 she was made a CBE for her services to the arts in the Queens New Years Honours. In 2017, Barlow will represent Great Britain at the Venice Biennale, although born in Newcastle upon Tyne in 1944 as her psychiatrist father Erasmus Darwin Barlow, a great-grandson of Charles Darwin, was stationed there at the time, Barlow was brought up in London. She studied at Chelsea College of Art under the tutelage of George Fullard who was to influence Barlows perception of sculpture can be. “Fullard, among others, was able to impart that the act of making was in itself an adventure, a sculpture that falls over or breaks is just as exciting as one that reveals itself perfectly formed. All the acts of making in the world are there to be plundered and contain within themselves the potential to be transferred to the studio and adapted. ”Whilst studying at Chelsea, Barlow met her husband artist and writer Fabian Peake, the son of Meryvn Peake, author of Gormenghast. She later attended the Slade School of Fine Art from 1963–66 to further study sculpture, Barlow and her husband have five children together. the state that something might be in. Is it growing or shrinking, is it going up or down, is it folding or unfolding, – Phyllida Barlow, The Guardian 2016. Obtrusive and invasive, Barlows large-scale sculptural objects are arranged in complex installations in which mass. Their role is restless and unpredictable, they block, interrupt, intervene, straddle and perch and her constructions are often crudely painted in industrial or synthetic colours, resulting in abstract, seemingly unstable forms. Since 2010, Barlow has been represented by Hauser & Wirth, Barlows work has been presented in solo exhibitions around the world. In 2014 Barlow was commissioned to create new work for the Duveen Galleries at Tate Britain, London, in 2016, Barlow will present a solo exhibition of new work at the Kunsthalle Zurich. Barlow is one of four artists to be nominated for the inaugural Hepworth prize, the UKs first prize for sculpture, gallen, Switzerland 2014 Tate Britain, Duveen Commission, Phyllida Barlow. Vienna, Verlag Für Moderne Kunst ISBN 978-3-903004-70-2 Bradley, Fiona, Phyllida Barlow, ostfildern, Hatje Cantz ISBN 978-3-7757-4011-1 Harrison, Sara, Phyllida Barlow, Fifty Years of Drawings. Zurich, JRP|Ringier ISBN 978-3-03764-366-2 Vicario, Gilbert, Phyllida Barlow, Des Moines, Des Moines Art Center ISBN 978-1-879003-67-5 Brigitte Franzen Phyllida Barlow, Brink. Cologne, Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König ISBN 978-3-86335-272-1 Feuvre, Lisa Le, Bad Copies, leeds, Henry Moore Institute ISBN 978-1-905462-38-4 Phillips, Lisa, Carrion-Murayari, Gary, Phyllida Barlow, SiegePhyllida Barlow – Phyllida Barlow RIG, Hauser and Wirth 2011 Image courtesy of Hauser and Wirth"
3. Frederick Brown (artist) – Frederick Brown was a British art teacher and painter. Brown studied from 1868 to 1877 at the National Art Training School and he later studied at the Académie Julian in Paris in the winter of 1886 with William Bouguereau. His work was influenced by Jules Bastien-Lepage and his portrait style was influenced by Whistler. Brown was a founder of the New English Art Club in 1886, from 1877 to 1892 he was headmaster of the Westminster School of Art, where his students included Aubrey Beardsley, Henry Tonks, Frederick Pegram and Francis Job Short. From 1893–1918 he was Slade Professor of Art, augustus John, William Orpen, Alfred Garth Jones, Emily Beatrice Bland and Wyndham Lewis and Henry Charles Brewer studied under Brown during his tenureFrederick Brown (artist) – Self portrait (1911)
4. William Coldstream – Sir William Menzies Coldstream, CBE was an English realist painter and a long-standing art teacher. Born in Belford, Northumberland, in northern England, the son of a country doctor and he studied at the Slade School of Fine Art between 1926 and 1929. In 1931 he joined the London Artists Association and then, two later, the London Group. In 1934, Coldstream joined the GPO Film Unit to make films with John Grierson. During his time with the GPO, Coldstream worked alongside W. H. Auden, Benjamin Britten and Barnett Freedman, in 1937, with some financial support from Kenneth Clark, Coldstream returned to painting on a full-time basis. Later that year he co-founded the Euston Road School with Graham Bell, Victor Pasmore and Claude Rogers, Coldstreams earlier years were characterized by a dedicated engagement with socialist ideals, and by the pursuit of a non-elitist form of art. To this end, he supported the Mass Observation social survey of Britain, at the start of World War Two Coldstream enlisted in the Royal Artillery before transferring to the Royal Engineers. At first he served as a gunner with a regiment near Dover and then, from 1940 until 1943 was a camouflage officer with Camouflage Command in Farnham. In 1943, the War Artists Advisory Committee, WWAC, offered Coldstream a full-time commission which he accepted and he was stationed in Cairo with an Indian transport unit and painted four portraits of individuals there. From Cairo he travelled to Italy, painting buildings in Capua, Rimini, due to his slow means of working, Coldstream only produced nine pictures during his WAAC commission. In November 1945, he became a teacher at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts. In 1949 he returned to lead the Slade School as Principal, under his direction the Slade achieved an international reputation. In 1952 he became a CBE In the Queens Birthday Honours 1956 Coldstream was appointed as a Knight Bachelor, Coldstreams proposals eventually led to more art school courses being giving degree status. Other administrative posts he held were as Vice Chairman of the Arts Council, and as a director of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden and he was also Chairman of the British Film Institute from 1964 to 1971. In 1978 he was awarded the Sir Misha Black award and was added to the College of Medallists, Coldstream retired from the Slade School in 1975, and continued to paint until 1984, when his health was in marked decline. He died in the Royal Homeopathic Hospital in London on 18 February 1987, as a student at the Slade in 1931, Coldstream met and married Nancy Sharp. The marriage lasted until 1939 and produced two daughters, in 1960 he married his model, Monica Hoyer, and together they would have three children, a boy and two girls. Coldstreams cousin, Nicolas Coldstream, was a leading archaeologist and academic, Coldstream was committed to painting directly from life, he once remarked, I lose interest unless I let myself be ruled by what I seeWilliam Coldstream – The Bailey Bridge built by Royal Engineers over the Volturno River, Italy
5. Lucian Freud – Lucian Michael Freud was a British painter and draftsman, specialising in figurative art, and is known as one of the foremost 20th-century portraitists. He was born in Berlin, the son of a Jewish architect and his family moved to Britain in 1933 to escape the rise of Nazism. From 1942-43 he attended Goldsmiths College, London and he enlisted in the Merchant Navy during the Second World War. His early career as a painter was influenced by surrealism, but by the early 1950s his often stark, Freud was an intensely private and guarded man, and his paintings, completed over a 60-year career, are mostly of friends and family. They are generally sombre and thickly impastoed, often set in unsettling interiors, the works are noted for their psychological penetration and often discomforting examination of the relationship between artist and model. Freud worked from life studies, and was known for asking for extended, born in Berlin, Freud was the son of a German Jewish mother, Lucie, and an Austrian Jewish father, Ernst L. Freud, an architect. He was a grandson of Sigmund Freud, and elder brother of the broadcaster, writer and politician Clement Freud, the family emigrated to St Johns Wood, London, in 1933 to escape the rise of Nazism. Lucian became a British subject in 1939, having attended Dartington Hall School in Totnes, Devon and he also attended Goldsmiths College, part of the University of London, in 1942–43. He served as a merchant seaman in an Atlantic convoy in 1941 before being invalided out of service in 1942, in 1943, the poet and editor Meary James Thurairajah Tambimuttu commissioned the young artist to illustrate a book of poems by Nicholas Moore entitled The Glass Tower. It was published the year by Editions Poetry London and comprised, among other drawings, a stuffed zebra. Both subjects reappeared in The Painters Room on display at Freuds first solo exhibition in 1944 at the Lefevre Gallery, in the summer of 1946, he travelled to Paris before continuing to Greece for several months to visit John Craxton. In the early fifties he was a frequent visitor to Dublin where he would share Patrick Swifts studio, in late 1952, Freud and Lady Caroline Blackwood eloped to Paris where they married in 1953. He remained a Londoner for the rest of his life, Freud was part of a group of figurative artists later named The School of London. This was more a collection of individual artists who knew each other, some intimately. The group was led by such as Francis Bacon and Freud. He was a tutor at the Slade School of Fine Art of University College London from 1949 to 1954. Freuds early paintings, which are very small, are often associated with German Expressionism and Surrealism in depicting people, plants. These were painted with tiny sable brushes and evoke Early Netherlandish painting and he would often clean his brush after each stroke when painting flesh, so that the colour remained constantly variableLucian Freud – Lucian Freud
6. Roger Fry – Roger Eliot Fry was an English painter and critic, and a member of the Bloomsbury Group. Establishing his reputation as a scholar of the Old Masters, he became an advocate of more recent developments in French painting and he was described by the art historian Kenneth Clark as incomparably the greatest influence on taste since Ruskin. In so far as taste can be changed by one man, born in London, the son of the judge Edward Fry, he grew up in a wealthy Quaker family in Highgate. Fry was educated at Clifton College and Kings College, Cambridge, at Cambridge, Fry met many freethinking men who would shape the foundation of his interest in the arts. Alongside men like John McTaggart and Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson, Fry was a part of the elite Conversazione Society, after taking a first in the Natural Science tripos, he went to Paris and then Italy to study art. Eventually he specialised in landscape painting, in 1896, he married the artist Helen Coombe and they subsequently had two children, Pamela and Julian. Helen soon became mentally ill, and in 1910 was committed to a mental institution. Fry took over the care of their children with the help of his sister and that same year, Fry met the artists Vanessa Bell and her husband Clive Bell, and it was through them that he was introduced to the Bloomsbury Group. Vanessas sister, the author Virginia Woolf later wrote in her biography of Fry that He had more knowledge, in 1911, Fry began an affair with Vanessa Bell, who was recovering from a miscarriage. Fry offered her the tenderness and care she felt was lacking from her husband and they remained lifelong close friends, even though Frys heart was broken in 1913 when Vanessa fell in love with Duncan Grant and decided to live permanently with him. After short affairs with artists as Nina Hamnett and Josette Coatmellec. She became his emotional anchor for the rest of his life, Fry died very unexpectedly after a fall at his home in London. His death caused great sorrow among the members of the Bloomsbury Group, Vanessa Bell decorated his casket before his ashes were placed in the vault of Kings College Chapel in Cambridge. Virginia Woolf, Vanessas sister, novelist and a friend of his as well, was entrusted with writing his biography published in 1940. As a painter Fry was experimental, but his best pictures were straightforward naturalistic portraits, in his art he explored his own sensations and gradually his own personal visions and attitudes asserted themselves. His work was considered to give pleasure, communicating the delight of unexpected beauty, Fry did not consider himself a great artist, only a serious artist with some sensibility and taste. He considered Cowdray Park his best painting the best thing, in a way that I have done, in the 1900s, Fry started to teach art history at the Slade School of Fine Art, University College London. In 1903 Fry was involved in the foundation of The Burlington Magazine, Fry wrote for The Burlington from 1903 until his death, he published over two hundred pieces of eclectic subjects – from childrens drawings to bushman artRoger Fry – 1928 self-portrait
7. Alfred Gerrard – Alfred Horace Gerry Gerrard RBS was an English modernist sculptor. He was head of the department at the Slade School of Fine Art from 1925 and professor of sculpture there from 1949 to 1968. Gerrard was born on 7 May 1899 in Hartford, Cheshire where his family had been farming for four centuries and he was the youngest of five children and was directly descended from the 16th century herbalist John Gerard. Gerrard was educated at Northwich Technical School which he left in 1916, during the First World War, he served in the army with the Cameron Highlanders, the Black Watch and the Gordon Highlanders and in the Royal Flying Corps from 1917. In the RFC, Gerrard flew Farman MF. 11s and F. E. 2Bs as a bomber pilot. In 1925, Tonks appointed Gerrard head of the sculpture department. In the 1920s, Gerrard elected to wear a set of clothes – sports jacket, corduroy trousers, a collarless shirt. He bought multiple copies of items and wore them regularly for decades. During the Second World War, Gerrard was a Staff Captain attached to the Royal Engineers working on camouflage projects. Following a plane crash in which he was injured, he almost had an arm amputated. In a long teaching career Gerrard taught and influenced numerous artists, among them Kenneth Armitage, Karin Jonzen, Eduardo Paolozzi and F. E. McWilliam. In the austerity years after the Second World War, Gerrard kept the school supplied with raw materials for sculpting by salvaging stone, wood and metal from bomb sites. Well respected for his expertise as a teacher and his generosity, whilst teaching at the Slade, Gerrard received private sculpture commissions, often executed on a large scale in stone, as well as producing murals for ocean liners. He also worked as an illustrator with his future wife Katherine Leigh-Pemberton, producing wood cuts for Elephants and Ethnologists and Egyptian Mummies in 1924. During 1944–45 he worked as a war artist, among his sculptural works are, Memorial Stone for a Hunter,1926. Displayed temporarily at the Tate Gallery before its final installation, one of eight personifications of the four winds commissioned by Charles Holden and Frank Pick for the headquarters of the Underground Electric Railways Company of London at 55 Broadway. St Anselm,1933, St Anselms church, Kennington Cross, monumental Parcel, gilded carved wooden panels of horses in a forest for RMS Britannic. Stages in the Development of Man,1955, four wall panels built into the end façade of a building in Hemel Hempstead, the Dance,1960, a sculpture wall for which he was awarded the Royal British Society of Sculptors Silver medalAlfred Gerrard – Memorial Stone for a Hunter, 1926
8. Alphonse Legros – Alphonse Legros was a French painter, etcher, sculptor, and medallist. Legros was born in Dijon, his father was an accountant, while young, Legros visited the farms of his relatives, and the peasants and landscapes of that part of France are the subjects of many of his works. He was sent to the art school at Dijon with a view to qualifying for a trade, in Paris, Legros studied with Charles-Antoine Cambon, scene-painter and decorator of theatres. He attended also the drawing-school of Lecoq de Boisbaudran where he himself in sympathy with Jules Dalou. In 1855, he attended the classes of the École des Beaux Arts. This work was presented to the museum at Tours by the artist when his friend Jean-Charles Cazin was curator, champfleury saw the work in the Salon, and sought out the artist to enlist him in the Realists, a group round Gustave Courbet. In 1859, Legross LAngelus was exhibited, the first of the interiors for which he was best known. Ex Voto, went the museum at Dijon, but only obtained a mention at the Salon and he moved to England in 1863 and in 1864 married Rrances Rosetta Hodgson. At first he lived by his etching and teaching and he then became teacher of etching at the South Kensington School of Art, and in 1876 Slade Professor at University College, London in succession to Edward Poynter. Whilst teaching at the Slade School Legros taught a large contingent of women, through his field of sculpture he encouraged the design of medals based upon the Italian renaissance style of portrait, illustrating the character, profession or life of the individual portrayed. The Slade Girls attracted commissions from a range of societies and organisations due to the beauty, pupils of note include the Casella sisters, Fedora Gleichen, Lilian Swainson and Elinor Hallé. Legros was naturalized as a British citizen in 1881, and remained at University College for 17 years, Legros picked up the art of etching by watching a college in Paris working at a commercial engraving, and taught himself the making of medals. He considered the traditional journey to Italy an important part of artistic training, dictionary of National Biography,1912 supplement. Dr Hans W Singer, Alphonse Legros, Die graphischen Künste, Léonce Bénédite, Alphonse Legros, Revue dan, Cosmo Monkhouse, Professor Legros, Magazine of Art. The Boston Public Librarys Alphonse Legros set on Flickr. com Alphonse Legros exhibition catalogs Alphonse Legros in American public collections, on the French Sculpture Census websiteAlphonse Legros – Photograph of Legros by David Wilkie Wynfield.
9. Edward Poynter – Sir Edward John Poynter, 1st Baronet, GCVO, PRA was an English painter, designer, and draughtsman who served as President of the Royal Academy. Edward Poynter was the son of the architect Ambrose Poynter and he was born in Paris, though his parents returned to Britain soon after. He was educated at Brighton College and Ipswich School, but left early for reasons of ill health, spending winters in Madeira. In 1853 he met Frederick Leighton in Rome, who made an impression on the 17-year-old Poynter. In 1866 Poynter married the famous beauty Agnes MacDonald, daughter of the Rev G B MacDonald of Wolverhampton, Visit of the Queen of Sheba and King Solomon. He was admitted as an associate of the Royal Academy in 1869 and he became a Royal Academician in 1876. In 1896, on the death of Sir John Millais, Poynter was elected President of the Royal Academy and he received a knighthood in the same year and an honorary degree from Cambridge University in 1898. It appears from the subjects of his paintings and his association with Kipling that he was a Freemason, prints of his painting The Visit of the Queen of Sheba to King Solomon are to be found in many Masonic Lodges around the world. Poynters old school, Brighton College held an exhibition of Poynters paintings and drawings entitled Life at Arms Length in its Burstow Gallery in November–December 1995, Edward Poynters works Ten lectures on art. Drawings of Sir E. J. PoynterEdward Poynter – Edward Poynter (Alphonse Legros)
10. Randolph Schwabe – Randolph Schwabe, was a draughtsmen, painter and etcher who was the Slade Professor of Fine Art at University College London from 1930 until his death. He served as a war artist in both World Wars, created designs for theatrical productions and illustrated a number of books. Schwabe was born in Eccles, Lancashire, the youngest of two sons to Octavie Henriette Ermen and Lawrence Schwabe, a merchant whose father had emigrated from Germany in 1820. The family moved several times before settling in Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, Randolph was educated at a private school in Hemel Hempstead and from an early age showed a talent for drawing. In 1899, aged fourteen, he was enrolled at the Royal College of Art but was unhappy there, in 1904 Schwabe won a Slade Scholarship and in 1905 won the college Summer Competition Prize. In 1906, a Slade scholarship allowed him to study at the Academie Julien in Paris before travelling to Italy in 1908, working in Rome and Florence he gained a deep knowledge of Italian art and architecture. Work by Schwabe was shown at the New English Art Club in 1909 and he became a member in 1917, in April 1913 Schwabe married Gwendolen Jones and they were to have one daughter. After the war he began to teach at both the Camberwell School of Art and the Westminster School of Art, in 1930 he succeeded Henry Tonks as Slade Professor of Fine Art at University College and as Principal of the Slade School of Fine Art. Other books illustrated by Schwabe included Crossings by Walter de la Mare, The Tinkers of Elstow by H E Bates, in 1941 Schwabe joined the committee of the War Artists Advisory Committee and was also given a short commission to produce pieces for their collection. This included a commission to record the damage to Coventry Cathedral in November 1940. Although he remained Principal of the Slade, he moved to Helensburgh in Dunbartonshire for health reasons, works by Schwabe are held in several major collections, the Imperial War Museum has examples of his war-time commissions from both the First and Second World Wars. The Arts Council toured a retrospective of his work in 1951. Schwabes ashes are interned in the churchyard of St John-at-Hampstead in Hampstead, the angel wears a sash with the legend, Randolph Schwabe in whose life we have seen excellence in beauty. 8 Painting by or after Randolph Schwabe at the Art UK siteRandolph Schwabe – V2 Damage at the Chelsea Pensioners' Hospital London, SW3 (Art.IWM ART LD 4807)
11. Philip Wilson Steer – Philip Wilson Steer OM was a British painter of landscapes, seascapes plus portraits and figure studies. He was also an art teacher. M. W. Turner, and spent more time painting in the rather than on the coast. As a painting tutor at the Slade School of Art for many years he influenced generations of young artists, Steer was born in Birkenhead, in Merseyside, near Liverpool, the son of a portrait painter and art teacher, Philip Steer and his wife, Emma Harrison. When Steer was three years old the family moved to Whitchurch near Monmouth from where, after a period of home schooling, after finding the examinations of the British Civil Service too demanding, he became an artist in 1878. He studied at the Gloucester School of Art and then from 1880 to 1881 at the South Kensington Drawing Schools, in Paris he was greatly influenced by seeing works by Edouard Manet and James McNeill Whistler and the French impressionists. When he returned to England, Steer established a studio in London and his painting of Poole Harbour, completed in 1890, is an example of the outstanding atmospheric effects he was able to capture. Steer often stayed at the Suffolk coastal town of Walberswick and the works he painted there are remarkable for their freshness and depiction of light, works such as The Bridge, The Beach at Walberswick and Girls Running, Walberswick Pier show Steer at the peak of his abilities. His misty Impressionist style is striking in such paintings as The Beach, Steer also painted scenes at nearby Southwold. Between 1883 and 1885 Steer exhibited at the Royal Academy and in 1886 he became a founder of the New English Art Club, with Walter Sickert he became a leading British Impressionist, showing works at the London Impressionist exhibition held at the Goupil Gallery in 1889. Besides the French Impressionists he was influenced by Whistler and, later, such old masters as Francois Boucher, Thomas Gainsborough, John Constable and J. M. W. Turner. Steer was frequently criticised by conservative British critics for his impressionist works such as Boulogne Sands, in the 1890s as he moved away from French Impressionism, Steers work received greater appreciation. Portraits, such as Girl Reading A Book from 1895, a portrait of Rose Pettigrew, his model and girlfriend, in 1887 Steer spent some time at the Etaples art colony. In the early 1890s he began to paint more in watercolours than he had previously, between 1893 and 1911 he visited several sites associated with the 18th century picturesque tour. In 1893 Frederick Brown, the newly appointed Slade Professor of Art, Steer would teach there, alongside Brown, Henry Tonks and Walter Russell until 1930. Based in Chelsea, in the summers he painted in Yorkshire, the Cotswolds, in 1931 he was awarded the Order of Merit and died in London,18 March 1942. His self-portrait is in the collection in the Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Steer never married and throughout his life was a hypochondriac but was also benign, modest, amusing and held in great regard by those who knew him. Note, Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition of 1911 incorrectly refers to Philip Wilson Steer as Paul Wilson Steer, J. Rothenstein, Philip Wilson Steer 1860-1942, in J. Rothenstein, Modern English Painters Sickert To Smith, p. 59-74Philip Wilson Steer – Philip Wilson Steer, photograph by George Charles Beresford, 1922.
12. Henry Tonks – Henry Tonks, FRCS was a British surgeon and later draughtsman and painter of figure subjects, chiefly interiors, and a caricaturist. He became an art teacher. His family owned a foundry in Birmingham. He was educated briefly at Bloxham School, followed by Clifton College in Bristol, and then studied medicine at the Royal Sussex County Hospital in Brighton and he became a house surgeon at the London Hospital in 1886, under Sir Frederick Treves. He was elected as a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1888 and he taught anatomy at the London Hospital medical school from 1892. From 1888 he studied in the evenings at Westminster School of Art and he exhibited paintings with the New English Art Club from 1891 and became a member of the Club in 1895. Brown became Slade Professor of Fine Art at University College, London in 1892, Tonks became the most renowned and formidable teacher of his generation. His sarcasm there drove F. M. Mayors sister Alice to leave before completing her training and his student Paul Nash recalled Tonks’ withering manner, Tonks cared nothing for other authorities and he disliked self-satisfied young men…. His surgical eye raked my immature designs. With hooded stare and sardonic mouth, he hung in the air above me, like a question mark, moreover… of a derisive. In cold discouraging tones he welcomed me to the Slade and it was evident he considered that neither the Slade, nor I, was likely to derive much benefit. Tonks resumed his career in 1914, first at a prisoner of war camp in Dorchester. He made pastel drawings of Auguste Rodin and his wife, who were refugees and he served as a medical orderly at a British Red Cross hospital near the Marne in France in 1915, and joined an ambulance unit in Italy. There is also information on him at Will Selfs Kafkas Wound, Tonks became an official war artist in 1918, and he accompanied John Singer Sargent on tours of the Western Front. In August 1918, they witnessed a field of wounded men near Le Bac du Sud, Doullens, which became the basis for Sargents vast canvas. Tonks went to Archangel in Russia in 1919 as a war artist with a British expeditionary force, further post-war students included Thomas Monnington, William Coldstream, Helen Lessore, Lesley Blanch and Philip Evergood. Lessore, who founded the Beaux Arts Gallery with her husband Frederick Lessore in 1923, described him as a towering, dominating figure, about 6ft. Tall, lean and ascetic looking, with ears, hooded eyes. He retired in 1930, and declined the offer of a knighthood, an exhibition of his work was held in London at the Tate Gallery in 1936, only the second retrospective at the Tate for a living British artistHenry Tonks – Henry Tonks, photograph by George Charles Beresford, 1902
13. Rudolf Wittkower – Rudolf Wittkower was a German-American art historian specializing in Italian Renaissance and Baroque art and architecture. He was born in Berlin to Henry Wittkower and Gertrude Ansbach and he moved to London in 1933 with his wife Margot Holzmann because they were both Jewish and were fleeing Nazi Germany. Wittkowers Architectural Principles in the Age of Humanism introduced an in depth analysis of Venetian architect Andrea Palladio, part Four specifically deals with how and why Palladio adapted harmonic musical ratios and incorporated them into the physical proportions of his buildings. Although this theory of Palladian proportions was universally accepted after the books release, Wittkower had encountered this notion that musical harmony may act in a manner analogous to visual harmony in Pythagoras, where it was also noted by Alberti. He was awarded the Alice Davis Hitchcock Award posthumously in 1975 for his book Gothic vs. Classic, Architectural Principles in the Age of Humanism Bernini, The Sculptor of the Roman Baroque The Arts in Western Europe, Italy in New Cambridge Modern History, vol. Making Art History at Columbia, Meyer Schapiro and Rudolf Wittkower, Four Centuries of Literature on Palladio, The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol.39, NoRudolf Wittkower – Rudolf Wittkower, 1967