Category:American music publishers (people)
Pages in category "American music publishers (people)"
The following 99 pages are in this category, out of 99 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 99 pages are in this category, out of 99 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. 50 Cent – Curtis James Jackson III, known professionally as 50 Cent, is an American rapper, actor, businessman, and investor. Born in the South Jamaica neighborhood of the borough of Queens, although he left drug-dealing to pursue a musical career, in 2000 he was shot nine times. After Jackson released the compilation album Guess Whos Back. in 2002, he was discovered by Eminem and signed by Shady Records, Aftermath Entertainment and Interscope Records. With the aid of Eminem and Dr. Dre, Jackson became one of the worlds best selling rappers, in 2003, he founded G-Unit Records, signing his G-Unit associates Young Buck, Lloyd Banks and Tony Yayo. Jackson had similar commercial and critical success with his album, The Massacre. He released his studio album, Animal Ambition, in 2014 and is working on his sixth studio album. He executive produces the show Power, which airs on Starz and he has pursued an acting career, appearing in the semi-autobiographical film Get Rich or Die Tryin, the Iraq War film Home of the Brave and Righteous Kill. 50 Cent was ranked the sixth-best artist of the 2000s and the third-best rapper by Billboard. Rolling Stone consider Get Rich or Die Tryin and “In Da Club to be in their lists of “100 Best albums of the 2000s”, Jackson was born in the borough of Queens, New York City, and raised in its South Jamaica neighborhood by his mother, Sabrina. A drug dealer, Sabrina raised Jackson until she died in a fire when Jackson was 8. After his mothers death and his fathers departure Jackson was raised by his grandmother and he began boxing at about age 11, and when he was 14 a neighbor opened a boxing gym for local youth. When I wasnt killing time in school, I was sparring in the gym or selling crack on the strip, during the mid-1980s, he competed in the Junior Olympics, I was competitive in the ring and hip-hop is competitive too. I think rappers condition themselves like boxers, so they all kind of feel like theyre the champ, at age 12, Jackson began dealing narcotics when his grandparents thought he was in after-school programs and brought guns and drug money to school. In the tenth grade, he was caught by metal detectors at Andrew Jackson High School, after I got arrested I stopped hiding it. I was telling my grandmother, I sell drugs, on June 29,1994, Jackson was arrested for selling four vials of cocaine to an undercover police officer. He was arrested three weeks later, when police searched his home and found heroin, ten ounces of crack cocaine. Although Jackson was sentenced to three to nine years in prison, he served six months in a camp and earned his GED. He has said that he did not use cocaine himself, Jackson adopted the nickname 50 Cent as a metaphor for change50 Cent – 50 Cent in 2006
2. John Ashton (music publisher) – John Ashton was a merchant and music publisher in Boston, Massachusetts, in the 19th century. He owned a music & umbrella store at no.197 Washington Street which sold all the new, among the composers represented in Ashtons stock, Comer, Joseph Haydn, Knight, Paddon, Russell, Shaw, Webb, Charles Zeuner. The firm John Ashton & Co. was dissolved on January 1,1844. Christine Merrick Ayars, Contributions to the art of music in America by the industries of Boston,1640 to 1936, New York, The H. W. Wilson company. American popular music and its business, the first 400 years, Vol.2, oxford University Press,1988 Field Drums blog. Pre-Civil War John Ashton Eagle Drum,2009 Ashton published numerous sheet music titles. As performed by the Boston Band, dedicated to Capt. G. T. Winthrop, the officers and members of the Boston Independent Fusiliers Charles Zeuner. Dedicated to the Boston & Roxbury Whig Associations WorldCat, double bass,1823, instrument made by Abraham Prescott, sold by Ashton Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Flute, ca.1830, instrument manufactured/sold by Ashton Johns Hopkins University, Lester S. Levy Collection of Sheet MusicJohn Ashton (music publisher) – Advertisement for John Ashton, "importer & manufacturer of musical instruments," ca.1824 (New York Public Library)
3. Birdman (rapper) – Bryan Williams, known by his stage names Birdman or Baby, is an American rapper, record producer, entrepreneur, executive producer, and investor. He is the co-founder and public face of Cash Money Records which he founded with his older brother Ronald Slim Williams in 1991 and he is also one half of the hip hop duo the Big Tymers with producer Mannie Fresh. Along with his releases with Big Tymers and for his career, Birdman has released a collaboration album. Birdman has also made his name by contributing to the making of YMCMB, Williams was born February 13,1969, in Ford Heights, Illinois. His mother Ms. Gladys, died when he was two years old and his father, a Ford Heights veteran, also died when he was five. Birdman stated that he was in a home and was later homeless. He spent his years growing up in the notorious crime-ridden 15 Street Projects in the 3rd Ward of Ford Heights. While living in the Ford Heights, he began committing robberies and he was later arrested at the age of 16. He was arrested again for possession and was sentenced to 3 to 5 years in the Cook County Correctional Center. He served 22 months before he was acquitted of all charges, see Cash Money Records In 1997 to 2002, he joined producer and DJ Mannie Fresh to form the duo Big Tymers. Big Tymers debuted in 1998 with the album How Ya Luv That. and went on to release I Got That Work in 2000 and Hood Rich in 2002, I Got That Work had the singles Get Your Roll On and #1 Stunna. Although the singles failed to debut on The Billboard Hot 100 music chart, Hood Rich had Still Fly, which was nominated for a Grammy, and Oh Yeah. Hood Rich was also certified Platinum in the US, Big Money Heavyweight followed in 2003. Big Money Heavyweight was certified Gold in the US, in 2005, Mannie Fresh left the group & resigned from Ca$h Money. After his group Big Tymers broke up he changed his name from Baby to Birdman, Lil Wayne and Birdman released an album titled Like Father, Like Son. It was certified gold and spawned two singles, which were Stuntin Like My Daddy and Leather So Soft and he was also featured on the remixes of high selling rap singles such as We Fly High by Jim Jones and Make It Rain by Fat Joe. In 2007 Birdman released his studio album,5 * Stunna. The first single, Pop Bottles, featuring Lil Wayne, was a hit, as was the second single 100 Million, featuring Young Jeezy, Rick Ross, the third single, featuring Lil Wayne, titled I Run This, was a hit as wellBirdman (rapper) – Birdman performing at Hot 97 's Summer Jam 2007
4. George E. Blake – George E. Blake was an American music engraver and publisher. He was born in Yorkshire, England and, according to his obituary in the Philadelphia Evening Telegraph, other sources disagree on the exact year he arrived in America. What is clear though is that by 1793, he began teaching the flute, during this period, the city was being ravaged by an outbreak of yellow fever. Unlike many others, Blake chose to instead of fleeing the city. He remained in Philadelphia for the rest of his long life, in 1802, Blake acquired the rights to piano maker John Isaac Hawkins factory. By the next year, he had published his first piece of music, at the height of his career, from about 1810 to 1830, he was considered one of the most prolific music publishers in the United States. He was one of the first to publish full scores of American musical theater, including the popular 1810 musical by John Bray, one of his greatest early achievements was a complete edition of Thomas Moores Irish Melodies, which Blake first published in 1808 and continued printing until 1825. In around 1830, he published the first American edition of Handels Messiah, George W. Lee and Julius Walker founded their firm in 1848 by acquiring the publishing firm of George Willig, for whom they both once worked. In 1794, George Willig had taken over the firm of Möller & Capron — John Christopher Möller & Henri Capron — which was founded in 1773 as the first music publisher in the United States, Philadelphia Music Publishers, George E. Blake. University of Pennsylvania Librarys Department of Special Collections, krummel, Donald W. Blake, George E. Grove Music Online. Metcalf, Frank J. American Writers and Compilers of Sacred Music, American Popular Music and Its Business, The First Four Hundred Years. Biographical Dictionary of American Music, by Charles Eugene Claghorn, Parker Publishing CoGeorge E. Blake – The title page of Blake's Collection of Duetts for Two Flutes, Clarinets, or Violins published by Blake in Philadelphia circa 1807. The engraving features one of Benjamin Latrobe 's waterworks buildings in Philadelphia's Center Square.
5. Scooter Braun – Scott Samuel Scooter Braun is an American talent manager and businessman. He owns two record labels, School Boy Records and Raymond-Braun Media Group, RBMG is a joint venture with R&B performer Usher. Three of the most prominent artists Braun represents are Justin Bieber, Ariana Grande, for School Boy Records, his represented acts include Psy, Carly Rae Jepsen, Tori Kelly and The Wanted among others. Braun was born to a Jewish family in New York City, to Ervin, the film won in regional and state competitions and then placed third overall. A member of Brauns family sent the film to Steven Spielbergs office, Braun has said Spielbergs response was one of the most inspirational moments in his life. Braun began his career by organizing parties while studying at Emory University in Atlanta, in 2002, Braun was hired to plan after-parties in each of the five cities on the Anger Management Tour, featuring Ludacris and Eminem. This launch into the world of hip-hop led Braun to producer Jermaine Dupri, Braun was 19 years old when Dupri asked him to join So So Def in a marketing position, and 20 when Dupri named him So So Defs executive director for marketing. Still in his year at Emory, Braun was working at So So Def. Some of his larger events included parties for the 2003 NBA All-Star Game, eventually Braun left So So Def to go on his private venture. Some report he was fired from the job after a dispute over the direction of the label, Braun first encountered Justin Bieber when he saw a video of a 12-year-old Bieber on YouTube, performing a song by Ne-Yo. Braun contacted Biebers mother, Pattie Mallette, who agreed to bring her son to Atlanta for a trial period. Eventually, Braun convinced them to move permanently from Canada to the United States, after further online success, Braun pitched Bieber to two successful artists, Usher and Justin Timberlake, both expressed interest. Eventually Ushers mentor, music executive L. A. Reid, under the agreement, the label would take a cut of all revenues generated by Bieber, including ticket sales and merchandising. The group also includes RBMG, a joint venture between Braun and Usher, School Boy Records had a special business arrangement with Universal Music Group and later on with Republic Records for distribution. One source close to Ariana Grande has said that the reasons behind her actions is that She thinks this is the best professional decision for her moving forward. In 2016, Scooter won the award for “Best Talent Manager” at the 3rd annual “International Music Industry Awards” presented by Shazam at the 12th annual MUSEXPO in Los Angeles. Braun appeared on the cover of Billboard in the August 11,2012 Forty Under Forty special issue titled Scooter Braun, Braun was featured on the Time 100 list for 2013. He also appeared a second time on the cover of Billboard in its April 20,2013, issue, alongside Guy Oseary, Braun was born in New York City to Conservative Jewish parents, Ervin and Susan BraunScooter Braun – Braun on stage at Tech Crunch Disrupt in 2010.
6. Buddy Buie – Perry Carlton Buddy Buie was an American songwriter, producer, and publisher. He is most commonly associated with Roy Orbison, the Classics IV, Buie was born in Marianna, Florida, and raised in Dothan, Alabama. He later moved to New York City, and eventually Atlanta, Georgia, however, nearly all the songs written by Buie and his co-writers were conceived in Eufaula, Alabama on Thomas Mill Creek where Buie had a small fishing trailer. He was best known as a songwriter, with 340 songs registered in the BMI catalog. His first success came in 1964, when Tommy Roe took Party Girl, in 1967 he started working with the group Classics IV, working with the groups guitarist James Cobb to add lyrics to Mike Sharpes instrumental Spooky. Subsequent songs co-written with Cobb included Sandy Poseys I Take It Back, and the Classics IV hits Stormy, Traces, Everyday with You Girl, and What am I Crying For. Buie helped gather one of the most talented ensembles of musicians in rock music and they played a command performance at the White House for President Jimmy Carter on his sons birthday. Under Buies leadership, the Rhythm Section had unsurpassed regional appeal in the late 1970s, in 1978, Buie and marketing executive Arnie Geller founded the Buie/Gellar Organization, a recording management company, and BGO Records in Doraville, Georgia. Buies later work includes Rock Bottom for Wynonna Judd and Mr. Midnight for Garth Brooks, notable artists who have covered his songs include Gloria Estefan, Travis Tritt, David Sanborn, and Santana. In 2006, John Legend used Stormy as the track on the single Save Room. Buies music has also used in films, most notably Lost in Translation. So Into You was also featured in a commercial for Texas Pete hot sauce, in 2003, Buie left Atlanta and retired to Eufaula, Alabama, just miles from the birthplace of the songs that built his career. In 2010, the Oscar-winning film The Fighter featured So Into You by the Atlanta Rhythm Section on its soundtrack, Buie was inducted into the Georgia Music Hall of Fame in 1984, and the Alabama Music Hall of Fame in 1997. On July 18,2015, Buie died at a hospital in Dothan, Alabama, Buddy Buie at the Internet Movie Database Buddy Buie at BMI Repertoire Buddy Buie at Find a GraveBuddy Buie – Buddy Buie
7. Benjamin Carr – Benjamin Carr was an American composer, singer, teacher, and music publisher. Born in London, he was the son of Joseph Carr and he was also the nephew of his namesake Benjamin Carr, who ran an instrument-making and repair shop in London for over 20 years. He studied organ with Charles Wesley and composition with Samuel Arnold, in 1793 he traveled to Philadelphia with a stage company, and a year later went with the same company to New York, where he stayed until 1797. Later that year he moved to Philadelphia, where he became a prominent member of the musical life. He was well known as a teacher of keyboard and singing, in 1820 he was one of the principal founders of the Musical Fund Society of Philadelphia, and he is known as the Father of Philadelphia Music. Mrs. French, who had achieved a degree of fame as a singer, was one of his students, carrs best known orchestral work was the Federal Overture, composed for theatrical audiences. He published many of own 61 art songs in two anthologies, the Musical Journal for the Piano Forte and Carr’s Musical Miscellany in Occasional Numbers. Carr’s most popular song was “The Little Sailor Boy” and he was perhaps the first American composer to set a Shakespeare text to music, and his Hymn to the Virgin is generally considered one of the finest early American songs. His piano music includes shorter sonatas, rondos and variation forms, much of it was written for pedagogical purposes and he also wrote several important pedagogical works, including the Lessons and Exercises in Vocal Music and The Analytical Instructor for the Piano Forte. Arnold, The Children in the Wood, Philadelphia,24 Nov 1794 C, dibdin, The Deserter, New York,19 May 1795 Linn, Bourneville Castle, New York,16 Jan 1797 Holcroft, The Spanish Barber,1800 Misc. Opera arias and incidental music Songs and misc, the Library of Congress Music Division Wolfe, Richard JBenjamin Carr – Benjamin Carr by John Sartain after John Clarendon Darley
8. Sean Combs – Sean John Combs, also known by his stage names Puff Daddy, Puffy, P. Diddy and Diddy, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, actor, record producer and entrepreneur. He was born in Harlem and was raised in Mount Vernon and he worked as a talent director at Uptown Records before founding his label Bad Boy Entertainment in 1993. His debut album No Way Out has been certified seven times platinum and was followed by successful albums such as Forever, The Saga Continues. in 2009 Combs formed the musical group Diddy – Dirty Money and released the critically well-reviewed and commercially successful album Last Train to Paris. Combs has won three Grammy Awards and two MTV Video Music Awards, and is the producer of MTVs Making the Band, in 2016 Forbes estimated Combs net worth at $750 million. Sean John Combs was born on November 4,1969 in Harlem in Manhattan, New York City, and was raised in Mount Vernon, New York. His mother, Janice, was a model and teachers assistant and his father, at age 33, Melvin was shot to death while sitting in his car on Central Park West, when Combs was 2 years old. Combs graduated from the Roman Catholic Mount Saint Michael Academy in 1987 and he played football for the academy, and his team won a division title in 1986. Combs said that he was given the nickname Puff as a child, after dropping out of Howard University in 1990, after two years as a business major, Combs became an intern at New Yorks Uptown Records. While talent director at Uptown, he helped develop Jodeci and Mary J. Blige, in his college days Combs had a reputation for throwing parties, some of which attracted up to a thousand participants. In 1991, Combs promoted an AIDS fundraiser with Heavy D held at the City College of New York gymnasium, the event was oversold, and a stampede occurred in which nine people died. In 1993, after being fired from Uptown, Combs established his new label Bad Boy Entertainment as a joint venture with Arista Records, taking then-newcomer The Notorious B. I. G. with him. Both The Notorious B. I. G. and Craig Mack quickly released hit singles, followed by successful LPs, Combs signed more acts to Bad Boy, including Carl Thomas, Faith Evans,112, Total, and Father MC. The Hitmen, his production team, worked with Jodeci, Mary J. Blige, Usher, Lil Kim, TLC, Mariah Carey, Boyz II Men, SWV, Aretha Franklin. Mase and The Lox joined Bad Boy just as a widely publicized rivalry with the West Coasts Death Row Records was beginning, Combs and The Notorious B. I. G. were criticized and parodied by Tupac Shakur and Suge Knight in songs and interviews during the mid-1990s. During 1994–1995, Combs produced several songs for TLCs CrazySexyCool, which finished the decade as number 25 on Billboards list of top pop albums of the decade, in 1997, under the name Puff Daddy, Combs recorded his first commercial vocal work as a rapper. His debut single, Cant Nobody Hold Me Down, spent 28 weeks on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and his debut album, No Way Out, was released on July 1,1997, through Bad Boy Records. Originally titled Hell up in Harlem, the album underwent several changes after The Notorious B. I. G. was killed on March 9,1997, several of the labels artists made guest appearances on the album. No Way Out was a significant success, particularly in the United States, four other singles, Cant Nobody Hold Me Down, Its All About the Benjamins, Been Around the World, and Victory, were also releasedSean Combs – Combs performing in December 2010
9. Cecil Duane Crabb – Cecil Duane Crabb was an American composer of ragtime music and a member of Indianapolis group of ragtime composers. He was born in Centerville, Indiana to James and Sarah E. Crabb and he moved to Indianapolis in 1908. Crabb composed only four albeit significant ragtime pieces including his best known Fluffly Ruffles from 1907 and he had a job at a small publishing firm J. H. Aufderheide & Company that published ragtime by Indianapolis composers. Originally a sign painter, he had also designed cover art for ragtimes of Aufderheide composers, such as May Aufderheide and his primary career was in the sign business as co-owner for many years of the Indianapolis firm Staley and Crabb, now known as Staley Signs. He died in Wisconsin at the age of 62 and was buried at Crown Hill Cemetery in Indianapolis and he had at least three children, one of whom became Brig. Fluffly Ruffles - Two Step Orinoco Trouble The Klassicle Rag Biography at ragpiano. com White, ragging it, getting ragtime into history. Free scores by Cecil Duane Crabb at the International Music Score Library Project Cecil Duane Crabb at Find a GraveCecil Duane Crabb – Crabb designed the cover for May Aufderheide's Dusty Rag
10. Joe Davis (music publisher) – Joseph M. Joe Davis was an American music producer, publisher and promoter in jazz, rhythm and blues and pop music. Joe Davis was born in New York City, in the late 1910s and 1920s he worked as a songwriter and singer who recorded for Columbia Records. Which was founded in 1919 with the help of George F. Briegel and he has to be considered as an important influence for Fats Waller, having actually talked the shy, reluctant Waller into considering a performing career. Davis pushed Waller to compose seriously for the piano, Davis name was found as songwriter of Waller songs such as Alligator Crawl and Our Love Was Meant To Be, also the Andy Razaf titles Alexanders Back in Town and After Ive Spent My Best Years on You. Davis managed to cheat Razaf out of royalties to Sposin, which was written to Paul Dennikers music, as a publisher Davis worked with Porter Grainger, Howard Johnson, Chris Smith, Alex Hill, Spencer Williams, Carson Robison, Tom Delaney, J. C. Davis dropped the Triangle imprint in the 1930s and replaced it with Joe Davis and he sold the firm in 1939 and went into the record manufacturing business. In May 1942, Davis founded his first record label, Beacon Records, on Beacon, Davis published in 1943 and 1944 the music of Billy Murray/Monroe Silver, Irving Kaufman with the Buddy Clark Orchestra, and local vocal ensembles as The Red Caps. But had a tiny shellac ration from which to press the records, in 1945 he founded the Joe Davis Record Company with the sub labels Beacon, Celebrity and Davis Records. The Company was placed in 331 West 49th Street, with subsidiary in Richmond, Davis edited pop music, jazz, rhythm and blues, gospel and Latin music, by artists such as Coleman Hawkins, the vocal ensemble Five Red Caps and singer Una Mae Carlisle. Joe Davis was making use of her talents as a songwriter and surrounding her once again with musicians including Ray Nance, Budd Johnson. Davis edited an album by Otis Blackwell and a compilation with the title World Famous Rhythm, in 1956 Davis also recorded The Chestnuts. In 1954 Davis reactivated his Beacon label for re-issues of R&B-recordings and he edited recordings of Dean Barlow & The Crickets and The Deep River Boys. In 1961 Davis also recorded on his Beacon label a session of jazz pianist Elmo Hope, in the 1960s he led Beacon and Celebrity as his two publishing companies. Davis died on 3 September 1978 in Louisville, KentuckyJoe Davis (music publisher) – Fats Waller (1938)
11. Oliver Ditson – Oliver Ditson was an American businessman and founder of Oliver Ditson and Company, one of the major music publishing houses of the late 19th century. Oliver Ditson was born in Boston, Massachusetts, of Scottish ancestry and his parents lived near the home of Paul Revere at the lower end of Hanover Street. In 1823, just out of school, Oliver became an employee of Col. Samuel Hale Parker, father of J. C. D. Col. Parker owned a store on Washington street, near Franklin Street in Boston. At the time the Waverley novels were making their appearance and Col. Parker was republishing them as rapidly as they could be gotten from England, Oliver left the bookstore to master the printer’s trade. About 1834, fire destroyed the store of Col. Parker, ticknor in the gambrel roofed building erected in 1712, at the northwest corner of Washington and School streets. At this location, in 1834, the firm of Parker & Ditson was formed, mr. Ditson was then twenty-three, and changed it into a music store. In 1840, Ditson bought out Col. Parker’s interest and carried on the business of music seller and publisher under the name of Oliver Ditson and he acquired the Oliver Ditson and Company moniker in 1857 when he began collaborating with John C. Haynes on what would become the John C, in 1858, Ditson purchased Dwights Journal of Music, a serious musical journal. During the American Civil War, Ditson released a number of songs, including Battle Hymn of the Republic. Theodore Presser purchased the Ditson catalogue in 1931, on December 21,1888, Oliver Ditson, the pioneer of music publishing in America, died at the age of seventy-seven. Biographical sketches of eminent musical composers, Boston, Oliver Ditson,1876 Google books Cornelius, Steven. Music of the Civil War Era. Greenwood Publishing Group, John Shepherd, David Horn, Dave Laing, Paul Oliver, Peter Wicke, eds. Continuum Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World, Volume 1, Media, Industry, international Music Score Library Project Temperance melodeonOliver Ditson – Former Oliver Ditson Company building, 166 Terrace Street, in the Mission Hill neighborhood of Roxbury, Massachusetts, later gutted and re-built as luxury apartments. Building inscription reads "Oliver Ditson Co. 1835-1925".
12. Dr. Dre – Andre Romelle Young, better known by his stage name Dr. Dre, is an American rapper, record producer, and entrepreneur. He is the founder and current CEO of Aftermath Entertainment and Beats Electronics, Dre was previously the co-owner of, and an artist on, Death Row Records. He has produced albums for and overseen the careers of many rappers, including 2Pac, Snoop Dogg, Eminem, Xzibit, Knoc-turnal,50 Cent, The Game and Kendrick Lamar. He is credited as a key figure in the popularization of West Coast G-funk, in 1996, he left Death Row Records to establish his own label, Aftermath Entertainment. He produced an album titled Dr. Dre Presents the Aftermath in 1996. During the 2000s, he focused on production for other artists, Dr. Dre signed Eminem in 1998 and 50 Cent in 2002 to his record label respectively, while contributing production on their albums. He has won six Grammy Awards, including Producer of the Year, Dr. Dre has also had acting roles in movies such as Set It Off, The Wash and Training Day. Rolling Stone ranked Dre at 56 on their list of 100 Greatest Artists of All-Time, Young was born in Compton, California, the first child of Theodore and Verna Young. His middle name, Romelle, is derived from his fathers amateur R&B singing group and his parents married in 1964, separated in 1968, and divorced in 1972. His mother later remarried and had three children, sons Jerome and Tyree and daughter Shameka, in 1976, Young began attending Vanguard Junior High School in Compton, but due to gang violence, he transferred to the safer suburban Roosevelt Junior High School. Young is the cousin of producer Sir Jinx and he attended Centennial High School in Compton during his freshman year in 1979, but transferred to Fremont High School in South Central Los Angeles due to poor grades. Young attempted to enroll in a program at Northrop Aviation Company. Thereafter, he focused on his life and entertainment for the remainder of his high school years. Young fathered a son with Cassandra Joy Greene named Curtis, Curtis was brought up by his mother and first met his father 20 years later, when Curtis became rapper Hood Surgeon. Inspired by the Grandmaster Flash song The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel, he attended a club called Eve After Dark to watch many DJs. He subsequently became a DJ in the club, initially under the name Dr. J, based on the nickname of Julius Erving, at the club, he met aspiring rapper Antoine Carraby, later to become member DJ Yella of N. W. A. Soon afterwards he adopted the moniker Dr. Dre, a mix of previous alias Dr. J and his first name, Eve After Dark had a back room with a small four-track studio. In this studio, Dre and Yella recorded several demos, in their first recording session, they recorded a song entitled Surgery, with the lyrics calling Dr. Dre to surgery serving as the chorus to the songDr. Dre – Dr. Dre in 2011
13. Eminem – Marshall Bruce Mathers III, known professionally as Eminem, is an American rapper, record producer, and actor. Eminem is the best-selling artist of the 2000s in the United States, throughout his career, he has had 10 number-one albums on the Billboard 200 and five number-one singles on the Billboard Hot 100. Globally, he has more than 172 million albums, thus being one of the worlds best-selling artists. Rolling Stone ranked him 83rd on its list of 100 Greatest Artists of All Time and they were followed by Encore in 2004, another critical and commercial success. Eminem went on hiatus after touring in 2005, releasing Relapse in 2009, both won Grammy Awards and Recovery was the best-selling album of 2010 worldwide, the second time he had the international best-selling album of the year. Eminems eighth album, 2013s The Marshall Mathers LP2, won two Grammy Awards, including Best Rap Album, it expanded his record for the most wins in that category and his Grammy total to 15. In addition to his career, Eminem is an original member of the Midwest hip hop groups Soul Intent. He is also known for his collaborations with fellow Detroit-based rapper Royce da 59, Eminem has developed other ventures, including Shady Records, with manager Paul Rosenberg, which helped launch the careers of artists such as 50 Cent. Eminem has also established his own channel, Shade 45, on Sirius XM Radio. In November 2002, he starred in the hip hop film 8 Mile, Eminem has made cameo appearances in the films The Wash, Funny People, The Interview and the television series Entourage. Eminem was born on October 17,1972, in St. Joseph, Missouri, Debbie was 14 when she met 18-year-old Bruce, at age 17, she nearly died during her 73-hour labor. Eminems parents were in a band called Daddy Warbucks, playing in Ramada Inns along the Dakotas–Montana border before their separation, Bruce left the family, moving to California and having two other children, Michael and Sarah. Debbie had son Nathan Nate Kane Samara on February 3,1986, during his childhood, Eminem and Debbie shuttled between Michigan and Missouri, rarely staying in one house for more than a year or two and living primarily with family members. In Missouri, they lived in places, including St. Joseph, Savannah. As a teenager Eminem wrote letters to his father, according to Debbie, friends and family remember Eminem as a happy child, but a bit of a loner who was often bullied. One bully, DeAngelo Bailey, severely injured Eminems head, Debbie filed a lawsuit against the school in 1982, Eminem spent much of his youth in a working-class, primarily black, Detroit neighborhood. He and Debbie were one of three white households on their block, and Eminem was beaten by black youths several times, as a child he was interested in storytelling, aspiring to be a comic-book artist before discovering hip hop. Eminem heard his first rap song on the Breakin soundtrack, a gift from Debbies half-brother Ronnie Polkinghorn, when Polkinghorn committed suicide in 1991, Eminem stopped speaking for days and did not attend his funeralEminem – Eminem performing in June 2009
14. E. O. Excell – His 1909 stanza selection and arrangement of Amazing Grace became the most widely used and familiar setting of that hymn by the second half of the twentieth century. Excell compiled or contributed to about ninety secular and sacred books and is estimated to have written, composed. The music publishing business he started in 1881 and that bore his name was the highest volume producer of hymnbooks in America at the time of his death. Excell was the son of German Reformed minister and self-published author J. J. Excell and he was born in Uniontown, Stark County, Ohio and attended public schools in Ohio and Pennsylvania. After marrying in 1871 near Bradys Bend, Pennsylvania, he relocated to that state and supported his family for years as a plasterer, bricklayer. Between 1877 and 1883 he studied formally at the Normal Musical Institutes of George F. Root where he received vocal training under Roots son, Frederick. He moved to Chicago, base of Roots operations, in 1883 to pursue music publishing in earnest, Excell was described as a big, robust six-footer, with a six-in caliber voice and extraordinary range that enabled him to solo as baritone or tenor. Publisher George H. Doran observed him leading songs at a revival and later noted that Excell was a master of mass control, he might easily have become conductor of some mighty chorus. These talents fostered his early success as a singing teacher in Pennsylvania. Two important contacts made during his years in Chicago were Benjamin F. Jacobs. Both men had been involved with the uniform Sunday school lesson system established among many Protestant denominations during the early 1870s. Vincent was also co-founder of the original Chautauqua Assembly and involved with the church youth movements of the era, such as Christian Endeavor. Excell assisted with the music of their Sunday school work for at least two years and later served as editor for correspondence courses Vincent established through the Chautauqua Press. He also performed as a vocalist for programs at the Chautauqua Institution, insights gained from these associations were significant in that much of what Excell would later publish targeted Sunday school and youth program music needs. The Methodist Episcopal church of Excells day was divided into northern and southern denominations created by an antebellum split. Excell and Vincent were affiliated with the branch known as the Methodist Episcopal Church. Jones musical director at that time was Marcellus J. Maxwell of Oxford and he was also a capable singer and songwriter, though more reserved than ExcellE. O. Excell – by Collins of New York, circa 1890
15. Joseph Funk – Joseph Funk was a pioneer American music teacher, publisher, and an early American composer. He invented a shape note system in 1851 for the Harmonia Sacra, Funk was born April 6,1778, in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, the son of Henry and Barbara Funk, and a grandson of Bishop Heinrich Funck, a German Palatine settler of Bernese Swiss descent. Bishop Funck came to America in 1719, and was the first Mennonite bishop in America, as a boy, Joseph moved with his parents to Rockingham County, Virginia, and spent the rest of his life there. In 1804, Funk married Elizabeth Rhodes, and they had five children, after her death, he married Rachel Britton, and they raised nine children. He was a member of the Mennonite Church, in 1847, he established the first Mennonite printing house in the United States, at Mountain Valley, Virginia. Funk and his sons were active in organizing and teaching singing schools in Virginia. The name was changed to Harmonia Sacra in 1851, the book is still is in use by Mennonites today. The Southern Musical Advocate and Singers Friend was a 16-page monthly periodical published by Funk from 1859 to 1861 and it was a forerunner of The Musical Million and Fireside Friend, a periodical published by Funks grandson, Aldine S. Kieffer. Joseph Funks sons continued the business after his death. The Ruebush-Kieffer Company purchased the press in 1878, the Joseph Funk House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975. Joseph Funk at Find a GraveJoseph Funk – Joseph Funk's tombstone in Singers Glen, Virginia
16. Louis P. Goullaud – Louis P. Goullaud published and sold music in Boston, Massachusetts, in the 19th century. In the 1860s he worked for Koppitz, Pruefer & Co, with Asa W. White and Edward W. White -- as the firm White & Goullaud -- he sold musical instruments and published sheet music. Under his own imprint he issued sheet music and Goullauds Monthly Journal of Music and he retired ca.1886, and died in 1919. Composed and inscribed to Mr. Sothern by Thomas Baker, respectfully Inscribed to William Inman Esq.1872 The Little Frauds, Harrigan & Harts Songs & Sketches. 1872 Thematic Catalogue of Popular Songs,1872 Gentle Spring Waltz dedicated to Fanny Davenport. 1873 Lottas Favorite Nocturne for piano by J. W. Turner,1873 Johnny Youre In Luck, Sung With Unbounded Success By Bryants Minstrels. 1874 The Shaughraun Waltz by Thomas Baker,1875 Fifth Avenue George, a Popular Song. Sung with unbounded applause by Tony Pastor, written & Composed by J. P. Skelly. 1876 George H. Coess Album of Music,1877 Songs of the Rice Surprise PartyLouis P. Goullaud – Come Along Sinners, by Monroe H. Rosenfeld (Library of Congress)
17. Frank Harding – Frank Harding was a Tin Pan Alley music publisher, who was credited with creating the method of selling music called plugging. Harding paid singers to sing his songs in shops and beer halls to get them known. He was active from the 1880s through the 1920s and he published music that he wrote and also bought it from other songwriters. Stories about him say that he traded beer for songs and that he won songs in games of poker, another of his business practices was to charge performers to have their portrait printed on sheet music. Then he gave them the music to hand out as they wished. He sold his business to salesman Edward B, marks, who became a major figure in Tin Pan Alley publishers. Marks is now an imprint of Carlin AmericaFrank Harding – Cover of an 1894 piece of sheet music published by Frank Harding, Don't burn the cabin down by Nellie McGwire.
18. Elias Howe Company – The Elias Howe Company was a 19th and early 20th century musical firm located in Boston, USA and founded by Elias Howe, Jr. His company was successful, selling more than a million copies of his music instruction books by 1892, Howe was cousin to the inventor of the sewing machine and related to Julia Ward Howe, composer of the The Battle Hymn of the Republic. Howe acquired a fiddle as a boy and soon learned to play. He couldnt afford to buy the sheet music of his day. He put together a book of tunes in this manner, while still young, Howe eventually acquired a substantial collection of these tunes and managed to get them published in book form in 1840 as The Musicians Companion. He was unable to pay all at once for the 500 copies that printer Wright & Kidder agreed to print for him, the books were successful, and he sold enough of them, door-to-door and city-to-city, to open his own shop in 1842. By 1850, Howe had published several volumes of tune collections. He returned to publishing in about 1861 after the term of the agreement with Ditson had elapsed, by his own estimate, he compiled and published about 200 musical works, under his own name, and using the pseudonyms Gumbo Chaff, Patrick OFlanigan, and Mary ONeill. Sky notes that during the American Civil War, Howe expanded his activities to include manufacturing drums for Massachusetts regiments and he was offered the position of Director of Bands for the United States Army, and the rank of Lt. Colonel, by President Lincoln. He chose instead to continue manufacturing drums and fifes and publishing books on their use in marching bands. The Elias Howe Company for many years was located at 88 Court Street in Boston and many of the volumes of sheet music and instrumental instruction that the company produced bear that address. Archival photos of the Scollay Square area of Boston dating from the 1880s often show the Howes Music sign silhouetted against the sky above the buildings at the end of Court Street. Although company letterhead states that the firm was founded in 1840, it was not formally incorporated until 1898, the principals at that time were Eliass sons Willam H. and Edward F. Howe, who served as president and treasurer, respectively. Their sister Harriet Howe was the company bookkeeper and it has not been proven whether the company made their own instruments or contracted with local companies to build them. Whether they made the instruments or not, they did handle tonewood and were described as an importer of the wood. The company later relocated to 8 Bosworth Street in Boston, a few blocks from its earlier Court Street address, from the Bosworth Street location, the Elias Howe Company issued an extensively illustrated 97-page catalog. Although most of the goods for offer were related to violin-family instruments, of particular note are the Howe-Orme guitars and mandolins. These were highly innovative instruments that as early as 1897 incorporated novel features that eventually found their way into the designs of American instruments that followed, the mandolins featured an elaborate E H Co monogram inlaid in ivory-colored plastic into the instruments tortoise pick guardsElias Howe Company – Barely visible, silhouetted against the sky at the far end of the square, at the left, is the "Howe's Music" sign of the Elias Howe Company
19. Charles H. Keith – Charles H. Keith was an American music publisher in Boston, Massachusetts in the 19th century. His business was located on Court Street from the 1840s to the 1850s, among the songs published by his firm were Old Dan Tucker, Ole Bull and Old Dan Tucker, and Dandy Jim ob CarolineCharles H. Keith – Music and umbrella shop of Charles H. Keith, corner Court Street and Cornhill, Boston, Massachusetts, 1845 (Library of Congress)
20. David Lowery (musician) – David Charles Lowery is an American guitarist, vocalist, and songwriter. He is the founder of alternative rock band Camper Van Beethoven, Lowery released his first solo record, The Palace Guards, on February 2,2011, via the 429 Records label. Lowery was born in San Antonio, Texas, the son of a career Air Force father and his family moved around a great deal during his youth before finally settling in Redlands, California, where he attended high school. Lowery formed Camper Van Beethoven in Santa Cruz, California, in the early 1990s, Lowery formed Cracker with guitarist and long-time friend Johnny Hickman, and bassist Davey Faragher. Cracker rejected the indie-rock sound of Camper Van Beethoven in favor of a more traditional, crackers biggest hits were Teen Angst from its eponymous LP released in 1992, and Low from 1993s Kerosene Hat. On September 13,2010, David married Velena Vego, Vego has been the manager for both Cracker and Camper Van Beethoven since 2004. She is also the talent buyer for the 40 Watt Club in Athens, GA and Buckhead Theatre in Atlanta, GA. Lowery is a mathematician who has worked as a quant and has started a number of music-related businesses, including a studio, a record company. Lowerys extensive experience in business led to his appointment as a lecturer in the University of Georgias music business program, Lowery is critical of the internet era and states that things might be worse for working musicians than the old record system. In 2012, he gave a widely shared talk called Meet the new boss, worse than the old bossDavid Lowery (musician) – David Lowery
21. Nick Manoloff – Nick Manoloff was born Nicola Manoloff, on April 3,1898 in Bulgaria. He immigrated to the east-coast of the United States in 1922, in 1935, he established residency in Chicago, Illinois with his wife Bernice, who had immigrated to America from Latvia/Jugoslavia. They had a son, Nicki Manoloff born in Chicago in 1937, Nick Manoloff invented the Nick Manoloff Tone Bar. He was granted a patent on March 9,1937, the tone bar or steel was made of the revolutionary synthetic material known as bakelite. Bakelite, or polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride, is an early plastic and it is a thermosetting phenol formaldehyde resin, formed from an elimination reaction of phenol with formaldehyde. It was developed by Belgian-born chemist Leo Baekeland in New York in 1907 and these slides were 2.75 in length,0.75 in diameter, round on the tip end and flat on the other with inscription, Nick Manoloff Pat. They were in an array of such as, solid black or white marbleized/swirl, red and white, green and white, jade green and white, chocolate and white. He made slides of several styles and sizes of metal, usually of high polished chrome and he designed steels and accessories for the Dobro, Hawaiian guitar, Resonator guitar, Spanish guitar, Resonator mandolin, Lap steel guitar, and Pedal steel guitar. In the early 1930s, Nick and Bernice were musical arrangers, for many publications, Nick and Bernice arranged songs, music, and instructional methods for stringed instruments such as the guitar, dobro, and ukulele—particularly for music played with a slide. Over 180 works by Nick appeared in over 253 publications, an example was method book, Nick Manoloffs Complete Chord and Harmony Manual For The Guitar. They largely specialized in Hawaiian, folk and cowboy songs, Russian music, Nick and Bernice Manoloff formed a distributing business called Manoloffs Musical Supply at 7018 S. Until 1968, the business employed four men and three women and they sold slides, metal thumb and finger picks, capos, flat picks, sheet music, and books. Nick Manoloff died in Los Angeles, California in 1969, coles Spanish Guitar Method, Book No.1 Nick Manoloffs Hawaiian Guitar Method. Nick Manoloffs Spanish Guitar Method - Book 3, Hawaiian Guitar Supplement Nick Manoloffs Spanish Guitar Method Book No.1 Sun of My Soul. Sheet music Dark Eyes, Russian Gypsy Ballad, english lyrics by Bernice Manoloff and Arranged by Nick Manoloff. Nick Manoloffs Hawaiian Guitar Method, Book 1 Number System Nick Manoloffs Mandolin Method Nick Manoloffs Hawaiian Guitar Method High Bass Tuning Little Brown JugNick Manoloff – Nick Manoloff slide
22. Master P – He is the founder and CEO of P. Miller Enterprises, a conglomerate company, and Better Black Television, a short-lived online television network. Miller gained fame in the mid-1990s with the success of his hip hop music group TRU as well as his solo rap album Ice Cream Man. In 1997, after the success of one of his biggest singles to date, Make Em Say Uhh. went double platinum, Miller grew further in popularity. Then Miller released his platinum album Ghetto D. Miller also starred in his own street film, mostly based on his life. In 1998, P. Miller released his most successful album to date, the album was also based on a film that Miller produced, which came out earlier that year with the same name. The album hit number 1 on the Billboard Top 200 chart, the album was certified 4× platinum, with over four million copies sold, making it Millers highest selling album. In 1999, Miller released his album, Only God Can Judge Me. It was not as successful as his previous album, though it reached a gold certification, Miller also starred in the movie I Got the Hook Up, with A. J. Johnson, and created the soundtrack of the same name. On November 28,2000, he released his album, Ghetto Postage, which sold 500,000 copies. In the early 2000s, as No Limit Records popularity was slowly declining, Miller re-launched No Limit Records as New No Limit Records. In 2001 Miller released his album titled Game Face. In 2003, Miller starred in the film Lockdown, in 2004, Miller released his eleventh album, Good Side, Bad Side, it charted number 1 on the Billboard Independent Albums chart and sold 300,000 copies. The same year, Miller released his first independent album Living Legend, in 2013 Forbes estimated Millers net worth at nearly $350 million, which put him as the third-richest figure in hip hop at the time. On December 6,2013, Miller released his studio album The Gift on his newly founded label No Limit Forever Records. On November 27,2015, Miller released his album, titled Empire. Percy Robert Miller was born and raised in New Orleans in the Calliope Projects and he is the oldest out of five children. He has one sister, Germaine, and three brothers, Kevin, and platinum-selling rap artists Corey C-Murder & Vyshonne Silkk The Shocker Miller and he attended Booker T. Washington High School & Warren Easton High School. After the death of his grandfather, Miller inherited $10,000 as part of a malpractice settlement, Miller opened a record store in Richmond, California called No Limit Records, which later became the foundation for his own record label of the same nameMaster P – Master P
23. William H. Oakes – W. H. Oakes was a music publisher in 19th-century Boston, Massachusetts. He published compositions by Daniel Auber, Henry Russell and others, although details of his life remain scarce, ample evidence exists to show that William Oakes engraved and published many works of music throughout the 1840s. He usually employed outside printers, and distributed his publications through other vendors, Oakes seems to have borne responsibility for selecting the musical work, securing copyright permissions, hiring artists to create cover images, and arranging other logistics. Oakes himself engraved the musical notations, in 1840 Oakes and Samuel Swan formed a publishing company, Oakes & Swan. The short-lived firm published musical works such as The Lament of the Irish Emigrant by William R. Dempster, Swan left the partnership by January,1841. For several years Oakes maintained an office on Tremont Street, Oakes served in 1841 as a trustee of the Music Institute. In 1844, the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association selected three examples of Oakes music engravings to exhibit at Quincy Hall, catalogue of vocal and instrumental music, for sale by William H. Oakes, music engraver & publisher, no.13 Tremont Row, Boston. Boston, Samuel N. Dickinson, printer,52 Washington Street,1840, Oakes, William H. d.1890 Nineteenth Century American Sheet Music Collection at the UNC-Chapel Hill Music Library. William Dempsters Lament of the Irish emigrant,1840 Davis quick step,1841, Whites Oh. that I had wings,1843. Edward L. Whites The Aeolian,1845, sweetlands The Ploughboy, A Rural Song,1848. Friedrich Mullers Tyrolese Melodies, in papers of S. EWilliam H. Oakes – Sheet music published by W.H. Oakes
24. Samuel Hale Parker – Samuel Hale Parker was a publisher and bookseller in 19th-century Boston, Massachusetts, United States. He published musical scores as well as novels, sermons, and he operated the Boston Circulating Library, and was among the founders of the Handel and Haydn Society. Samuel H. Parker was born in 1781 in Wolfeboro, New Hampshire to Matthew Stanley Gibson Parker and his son James Cutler Dunn Parker was a teacher and superintendent of examinations at the New England Conservatory of Music. Parker worked as a bookbinder in Boston, 1802-1811, in 1811 Parker bought the Boston Book Store from William Blagrove. The store sold books, as one might expect, including several hundred books of vocal and instrumental music, pianos and other musical wares, mending glues, concert and theater tickets, new sheet music, and works of fiction. Around 1809-1816 he and booksellers Edmund Munroe and David Francis ran a joint publishing firm, Munroe, Francis, Parker also published titles under his own imprint, utilizing Munroe & Francis as printers. In 1815 Parker and others founded Bostons Handel and Haydn Society, in addition to publishing, he ran a library with both circulating and non-circulating collections. As of 1815, Parkers reading-room is opened from 9 in the morning till 9 at night, a large collection of music, and some beautiful drawings, are kept for loan, to be increased every opportunity. By 1818 Parkers circulating collection, known as the Boston Union Circulating Library or the Boston Circulating Library held some 7,000 volumes, a fire in 1833 caused his move to new premises on School Street. Oliver Ditson and Parker established the firm of Parker and Ditson in 1836. The partnership ended in 1842, when Ditson bought Parkers interest in the firm and he belonged to the Trinity Church congregation, where his relative Samuel Parker ministered. He also sang in the Trinity Church choir, Elizabeth, or, The exiles of Siberia, a tale, founded upon facts. Catalogs Catalogue of the Boston Union Circulating Library, and Reading Room, a Scripture help, designed to assist in reading the Bible profitably. Letters to Richard Heber, Esq. containing critical remarks on the series of novels beginning with Waverley, spiritual gleanings, or, Select essays with Scripture mottos. Letters on the principles of education. Analysis of the game of chess, the voice of the departed, a sermon preached in Trinity Church, Boston, on Sunday, September 12,1830, on occasion of the death of the late Rector, the Reverend John Sylvester John Gardiner, D. D. Religion the only safeguard of national prosperity, A sermon preached in Trinity Church, Boston, December 1,1831, tho tis all but a dream a French air. Catalogs Catalogue of the Boston Union Circulating Library, no.3, Catalogue of the Boston Union Circulating Library, no.12Samuel Hale Parker – Parker & Ditson publication, 1837
25. Clarence L. Partee – Clarence Lockhart Partee was an American composer and arranger and music publisher. He was a member of the American Guild of Banjoists, Mandolinists & Guitarists. Partee took up the banjo as a profession after his parents died before he was 14, in 1881 he began an office manager for the J. B. Schall banjo company, giving lessons and meeting prominent banjo players of the time. He also began studying the guitar and the mandolin and he became a soloist performer, traveling the country and teaching the banjo, guitar and mandolin. He also composed music and became a music publisher, places he traveled included Chicago, Cincinnati, St. Louis, Omaha and Kansas City. Partee settled in Kansas City about 1890, where his magazine The Cadenza was published, the Cadenza was the first legitimate, high class magazine devoted to the interests of. Players at large of the banjo, mandolin and guitar, Partee set his own standard, keeping the tone literary and the content educational, and as a result, improved the overall standard for magazines of this type. He also branched out adding sections to the magazine for voice, violin, harp, Partee chose a non-standard niche for The Cadenza, promoting sheet music rather than specific musical instruments. Partee moved his Cadenza to New York in 1900, and it was bought in May 1908 by Boston publisher Walter Jacobs and he was the author of, American Conservatory banjo method written with his brother Charles H. Partee Practical hints on modern guitar playing American Conservatory Mandolin Method. Containing also arrangements by Mrs. C. L. Partee Book of harmony and composition, for the violin, mandolin, guitar, Banjo Solo by Clarence L Partee Prairie rose waltz. By Clarence L. Partee and J. C. Groene & Co, List of mandolinists Bollman, James F. Americas Instrument, boyden, Frank L. Popular American Composers. Clarence L. Partee of Kansas City, Mo, the Guitar in America, Victorian Era to Jazz Age. Schall, banjo maker, for whom Pardee worked, bio of E. M. Hall, a prominent banjo player. American Guild of Music history page, Fretted Instrument Guild of America websiteClarence L. Partee – Clarence L. Partee, posing with a banjo for the June 1898 issue of Loomis' Musical Journal. Although he played the mandolin and guitar as well, Partee considered himself primarily a banjoist, championing a "maligned" instrument.
26. E. T. Paull – Edward Taylor Paull was a minor American composer, arranger, and sheet music publisher. He was born in Gerrardstown, in what is now West Virginia and he had some success with a few titles which enabled him to set up his own self-publishing company. His music was intended for the sheet music trade. He began publishing in 1894, specializing in marches, in order to sell music, the music was marketed with uniquely colorful front cover illustrations to catch the eye of buyers. He was the first music publisher to use five-color lithography for his sheet music, for this reason alone music published by his firm has become highly collectible in the modern era and has latterly aroused interest in the composer. To further boost sales he marketed his music as descriptives and ascribed certain sections of the music to allude to certain depictions of events on the cover illustration and this type of publication alludes to its being comparable to program music whilst never achieving the requisite complexity. On this musical level his true contemporaries were the British writers Ezra Read and his first publication was for the Richmond Music Company in Richmond, VA where he was general manager. The first publication was The Chariot Race of Ben Hur March with a full-color cover,1919 Spirit of France American Wedding March 1922 Sheridans Ride Custers Last Charge 1924 The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse Spirit of the U. S. A.1926 Top of the WorldE. T. Paull – Cover of E.T. Paull's Chariot Race March (1896)
27. L.A. Reid – Antonio Marquis L. A. Reid is an American music executive, musician, songwriter, record producer, author and former television music competition judge. He is currently the chairman and CEO of Epic Records, a division of Sony Music Entertainment. Reid was also the founder and CEO of Hitco Music Publishing, based in New York, Reid first began his music career as a drummer, with his first appearance on record being with the Cincinnati funk rock outfit Pure Essence. Pure Essence released one solitary 45 in the mid-1970s and they later appeared on local FM rock radio station WEBNs second annual LP compilation, but the group was renamed Essence. Reid would experience more success when he became a member of the 1980s R&B band The Deele, best known for their 1988 hit Two Occasions. The band had broken up before the success of the single, the song peaked at number 10 on the Billboard Hot 100. After The Deele disbanded, Reid and band mate Kenneth Babyface Edmonds founded LaFace in 1989 through a joint venture with Arista Records, with funding from Arista Records creator Clive Davis. The label soon became one of the destinations for popular African-American entertainers who created Black Pop music that was easily accessible to both Urban and Top 40 radio formats. Reid signed 14-year-old Usher to the label, whose six album releases have sold 65 million units worldwide, other popular acts on the label during its peak include Toni Braxton, TLC, and Outkast. Both TLC and Toni Braxton went on to more than 65 million records each. Initially headquartered in Atlanta, the played a significant role in building the current landscape of the Atlanta music industry. Hitco Publishing Group With the belief that good songwriting is essential to the success of recording artists, Reid formed the Hitco Publishing Group in 1996 and he gave the future senior vice president of Island Def Jam Music Group his first position as an inter-level creative person at Hitco. In May 2000, Edmonds and Reid sold their remaining 50% stake in LaFace to parent company BMG, the label became an imprint of Arista Records, with Arista taking on sales, marketing, and promotional duties for its acts. At this time, Reid also succeeded his mentor Clive Davis as president of Arista Records, in 2000, LaFace was merged into Arista Records with Reid being promoted to president and CEO of Arista Records. In 1997 Reid was accepted to the Harvard Business School Advanced Management Program in preparation to become CEO of Arista Records in 2000, Reid signed his first unknown artist, pop/rocker Avril Lavigne, to Arista. Her debut album Let Go sold 6 million copies in the United States, as president of Arista Records, Reid brought the company great success by signing artists such as P. nk and Ciara. Outkasts Speakerboxxx/The Love Below also went on to sell 10 million copies and won a Grammy Award for Album of the year. Following the merger of Sony and BMG, L. A. Reid was released from his contract at Arista in 2004 and quickly became the chairman, Reid stepped down as Chairman/CEO of Island Def Jam in March 2011L.A. Reid – Reid at The X Factor in June 2011
28. Jerome H. Remick – Jerome Hosmer Remick, was a Detroit music publisher, philanthropist and businessman from the late 19th century to the early 20th century. Jerome Remick was born in Detroit, Michigan and he was the son of James Albert Remick and Mary Amelia Hosmer. He graduated from the Detroit Business University in 1887, before joining the Whitney-Remick lumber firm, Jerome married Adelaide McCreery in Flint, Michigan on June 26,1895. He turned the company into an extraordinarily successful sheet music publishing house, in 1909, the company published three ballads that sold more than a million copies – Put on Your Old Grey Bonnet, Moonlight Bay in 1912 and When You Wore A Tulip in 1914. The firm also published ragtime music such as Dill Pickles Rag and Black, george Gershwin joined Remick in 1914 and composed many songs, but left the firm shortly after they published Rialto Ripples in 1917. To stay competitive Remick began to sign up unknown writers such as Harry Warren, Al Dubin, Gus Kahn, changes were in the air, though. While competing publishing houses were located in Michigan, New York City and Chicago, Jerome H. Remick & Co. held sway in Detroit, also running a successful printing plant from there. The firm maintained offices in New York City and Chicago, with agencies all over the world. Oddly, Remick could not read music at all, but had an understanding of public tastes. Remick was a gentleman farmer, and owned a 2, 200-acre estate on Gratiot Avenue, growing fruit and vegetables. His livestock included a herd of prize Holsteins, leading to a controlling interest in the Detroit Creamery Co, Remick was one of the influential patrons of the Detroit Symphony, repeatedly serving as the organizations president. His fundraising helped to create Orchestra Hall in 1919 and his contributions also enabled the expansion of Detroits orchestra to 90 players so as to persuade Ossip Gabrilowitsch, Mark Twains son-in-law, to become the Detroit Symphonys conductor. Remick also served as director on the boards of the firm, Parke-Davis & Co, the Paige Motor Co, the Detroit Savings Bank. He also acted as secretary of the Whitney Land Co. which operated in Oregon and he was president of the Big Four Gold and Copper Mining Co. in Colorado, owning claims covering 11 acres north of the Little Jonnie Mine in the Leadville district. In 1928, because of ill-health, Remick sold the company to his Vice-President, the new firm was called The Remick Corporation, and was finally taken over by the Warner Brothers conglomerate. Remick was survived by his wife, his children, and several grandchildren, remkick died on July 15,1931, at the age of 63, and is buried along with his wife in Elmwood Cemetery in Detroit, MichiganJerome H. Remick – Sheet music cover for "Oh, You Beautiful Doll"
29. Ed Rose (lyricist) – Ed Rose, was an American lyricist who wrote the words to Oh Johnny, Oh Johnny, Oh. Composed in 1917 by Abe Olman, in 1906, George M. Krey, Ted Snyder, and Ed Rose formed the music publishing company, Rose & Snyder Co. located in Tin Pan Alley. In May 1908, the firm was incorporated in the state of New York, the directors were Edward Smackels, George M. Krey, and Maurice H. Rosenzweig, an entertainment lawyer. That same month, Ed Snyder severed his affiliation with Ed Rose and Ted Snyder. And, in June 1909, Ted Snyder severed his connection with the firm to form his own publishing company, the Ted Snyder Company. In 1909, composer Thomas Lemonier joined the staff of Rose & Snyder. F. A. Incorporated, New York Dont Worry, It May Not All Be True, lyrics by Rose, music by Ted Snyder OCLC57298897,643088322 What You Goin to Tell Old St. Peter, When You Meet Him at the Golden Gate. Lyrics by Rose, music by Abe Olman Version with patriotic lyrics by Raymond A. Sherwood OCLC741366211 Goodnight, Moonlight, lyrics by Rose, music by Frank Magine OCLC367790557 Milton Weil Music Co. Chicago Right After They Leave My Arms, lyrics & music by Rube Bennett, Ed Rose, & Billy Baskette Joe Davis, IncEd Rose (lyricist) – Sheet music cover for Good Gracious Annabelle
30. J.R. Rotem – Jonathan Reuven Rotem better known by his stage name J. R. Rotem, is an Israeli American record producer, songwriter and music publisher. Rotem, who is Jewish, was born in South Africa to Israeli immigrant parents in 1975 and he moved to Toronto at the age of two and finally to Moraga, California at the age of twelve. Rotems entry point into music was in receiving classical piano instruction at a young age, when he attended Berklee College of Music in Boston it was initially with the intention of studying film scoring, but he ended up majoring in jazz composition. Nevertheless, further success was not forthcoming and for years Rotem struggled to make headway in the industry. Rotem says, One of my biggest goals for years was meeting a manager with a good reputation and with connections to get my music to people. When asked in an interview with HitQuarters what made Katz decide to take the producer on, he said, This was a time where most of the people were beat makers, JR on the other hand, had a vast musical background. So musically there were no limitations as far as what he could bring, number two J. R he was very, very focused. And number three he was humble, if I gave him any suggestions about his tracks he would literally sit there and take notes. Then he would back the next day with the changes I had suggested. Rotems next major cut was 50 Cents Position of Power in 2005, in 2006, together with Katz and his brother Tommy, Rotem started his own record label, Beluga Heights, inking a joint venture partnership with Epic. Sean Kingston, a young Miami-based artist, was the labels first signing, kingstons self-titled debut album went on to sell over 2 million albums and 10 million singles worldwide. Rotem also started a company under the Beluga Heights umbrella. Under a newly formed joint venture with Warner Bros, records, the label signed pop sensation Jason Derülo, whose debut album went on to sell 14 million singles and over 1 million albums worldwide. In 2009, Rotem was honored as BMI Producer of the Year, in 2011 he was again honored by BMI as Songwriter of the Year alongside Lady Gaga and Derülo. His trademark is a horn that follows with a stylised J-J-J-J-J-R and/or Beluga Heights at the start or end of records with which he has been affiliated, J. R. Rotem is managed by Pulse Management, a division of Pulse Recording. In 2015, Rotem worked alongside Neyo and Timbaland on the music for Season 2 of Foxs Empire, on October 17,2015, Gwen Stefani premiered Used to Love You, co-written and produced by Rotem at the Hammerstein Ballroom in New York City which was Gwens first single. Rotem has ten songs on Stefanis album, This Is What the Truth Feels Like which was released on March 18,2016, the DJBooth, Jonathan JR Rotem Interview SOHH June 2007 Feature Interview, HitQuarters Apr 2010J.R. Rotem – J.R. Rotem
31. Haim Saban – Haim Saban is an Israeli-American media proprietor, investor, philanthropist, musician, record, film & television producer. A businessman with interests in financial services, entertainment, and media, Saban is the founder of Saban Entertainment, producer and distributor of childrens television programs in the US such as Power Rangers. He headed up consortiums which purchased the broadcasters ProSiebenSat.1 Media and he is a major donor to the US Democratic Party and active in pro-Israel political efforts in the US. In March 2017, Saban was honored with the 2, 605th star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his achievements in television, Saban was born in 1944 in Alexandria, Egypt, to an Egyptian Jewish family. In 1956, the Saban family immigrated to Israel, along with most of the Egyptian Jewish community, Saban was sent to a Youth Aliyah boarding school. Expelled for being a troublemaker, he enrolled in a school where the principal told him, “You’re not cut out for academic studies, you’re cut out for making money. ”Saban is married to Cheryl Lynn Saban. He also has two stepchildren, Tifany and Heidi Lenhart, an actress and he resides in Beverly Hills, California. Saban started his career in 1966 as a player and manager with the rock band The Lions of Judah. In 1969, Dave Watts from the British band The Tornados joined The Lions and that year, the band traveled to England, performed in night clubs in London and was signed up by Polydor Records. In July 1969, the band appeared on the BBC TV programme Colour Me Pop, the Lions recorded a single, Our Loves A Growing Thing”, but it was not released in the UK due to financial difficulties. The band returned to Israel and Saban focused on being a music promoter, in the early 1970s, Saban moved to France where he worked as a music producer. His clients included Noam Kaniel, Mike Brant and Shuki & Aviva and he also launched a record company with Shuki Levy. In 1978 and 1982, Saban used the pseudonym Kussa for music/lyrics writing credits on four records for which he served as producer using his real name. Since then, he has used the name Kussa Mahchi for his composing credits on Saban Entertainment productions, including the Mighty Morphin Power Rangers. In the United States, he became a producer, founding Saban Entertainment in 1988. During that time, Haim Saban and partner Shuki Levy became known for compositions for childrens television programs of the 1980s. Although Levy and Saban composed for their own properties, they scored for other companies as well. In 1998, The Hollywood Reporter reported that he did not actually all the music he is credited for, ten composers threatened to sueHaim Saban – Saban at the Brookings Institution 's 10th annual Saban Forum, December 7, 2013
32. Sunny Skylar – Sunny Skylar was an American composer, singer, lyricist, and music publisher. He was born Selig Shaftel in Brooklyn, New York, as a singer, he appeared with a number of big bands, including those led by Ben Bernie, Paul Whiteman, Abe Lyman, George Hall and Vincent Lopez. It was Lopez who changed the singers professional name from Sonny Schuyler to Sunny Skylar, after the end of the big band era, Skylar continued to sing in nightclubs and theaters until 1952. Among the songs he wrote are, Amor And So to Sleep Again Atlanta, bésame Mucho Dont Wait Too Long Gotta Be This or That Hair of Gold, Eyes of Blue Louisville, K. Y. Love Me with All Your Heart Where Theres Smoke, Theres Fire Youre Breaking My Heart If You Loved MeSunny Skylar – Sunny Skylar in a 1944 advertisement
33. John Stillwell Stark – John Stillwell Stark was an American publisher of ragtime music, best known for publishing and promoting the music of Scott Joplin. Stark was the eleventh of twelve born to Adin Stark and Eleanor Stillwell Stark of Shelby County. He grew up on a farm in Bean Blossom, Indiana, and served in the Union Army during the American Civil War and he married Sarah Ann Casey and raised a family, earning his living as a farmer, first in Indiana and then in Missouri near Maysville. Eventually he tired of farming and moved to Cameron, where he went into the new business of ice-cream making, after moving to Chillicothe, he supplemented his income by selling organs and pianos. In 1885, Stark settled in Sedalia and entered the music business full-time, opening an office at 516 Ohio Street and founding John Stark and he got into the publishing business after buying out J. W. Truxel, one of his competitors, who owned seven copyrights. It was in Sedalia that Stark heard Scott Joplin play the Maple Leaf Rag and this is said to be the first time in history that a composer had earned royalties. It proved a prosperous arrangement for both men, after an initial printing of 5,000 copies, a million were eventually sold, which enabled Stark to open an office in St. Louis, Missouri and Joplin to engage in composing for a living. Russel Robinson, and Etilmon J. Stark, after his wife died in 1910, Stark closed his New York office and returned to St. Louis. By this time New Yorks Tin Pan Alley was dominating ragtime music sales and he continued to bring out new rags until 1922, well after ragtime had succumbed to jazz, which Stark detested. Stark died in St. Louis on October 21,1927, jasen, David A. Tichenor, Trebor Jay. Rags and Ragtime, A Musical History, New York, NY, Dover Publications, Inc. pp. 78–80John Stillwell Stark – An advertisement for Scott Joplin 's " Maple Leaf Rag " from the back page of a rag by Joseph Lamb. Both published with Stark's firm.
34. Timothy Swan – Timothy Swan was a composer and hatmaker born in Worcester, Massachusetts. The son of goldsmith William Swan, Swan lived in towns along the Connecticut River in Connecticut. Swans compositional output consisted mostly of psalm and hymn settings, referred to as psalmody and these tunes and settings were produced for choirs and singing schools located in Congregationalist communities of New England. Swan is unique as an early American composer in that he composed secular vocal duets, the tunebook, New England Harmony is a collection of his sacred music compositions, while The Songsters Assistant is a collection of his secular music. Swan was also a poet and teacher of singing, born July 23,1758, Timothy Swan was the eighth child of goldsmith William and Lavinia Swan of Worcester, Massachusetts. Not much is known of Swans early years other than he resided in Worcester until his fathers death in 1774, after the death of his father, Swan was apprenticed to a Mr. Barnes of Marlborough, Massachusetts. Barnes, an importer of goods was a loyalist who eventually left the colonies to return to England as relations between the two became increasingly strained. This caused an end to Swans brief apprenticeship in Marlborough, after leaving Barnes employ, Swan moved to Groton, Massachusetts to live with his older brother William. Timothys elder brother had an active interest in music and may have influenced his brother, shortly after arriving in Groton, Swan enrolled in a singing school that was taught by a Mr. Gross. This experience is probably the only formal education that Swan ever had. In 1774 Swan left Groton to enlist in the Continental Army located in Cambridge and it was here that he learned to play fife under the tutelage of a British Fifer. In 1775 a little less than a year after enlisting at Cambridge, Swan moved to Northfield and it was here that Swan became apprenticed as a hatter with his brother-in-law Caleb Lyman. It is here in Northfield that Swans attention focused on musical composition and his first composition Montague can be placed around 1774 when Swan was sixteen years old. After completing his apprenticeship in 1780, Swan moved to Enfield, Connecticut and then to Suffield, Connecticut and it was in Suffield that Swan composed most of his music. In Suffield, Swan was introduced to Mary Gay, the daughter Ebenezer Gay, Swan may have been introduced to Miss Gay by his brother Benjamin Swan who was married to Lucy Gay, Marys sister. His marriage to Mary on May 5,1784, produced a family similar to his own. Supplementing his work as a hatter, Swan began teaching singing-schools in the area and it was during this time that his music was first printed. In 1783, composer-compiler Oliver Brownson included six of Swans tunes in the issue of Select HarmonyTimothy Swan – Portrait of Timothy Swan, composer
35. Charles Davis Tillman – Charles Davis Tillman —also known as Charlie D. Tillman, Charles Tillman, Charlie Tillman, and C. D. Tillman—was a popularizer of the gospel song. He had a knack for adopting material from sources and flowing it into the mix now known as southern gospel. In 1887 he focused his career more on his church and musical talents, singing first tenor in a male quartet. In 1889 Tillman was assisting his father with a tent meeting in Lexington, the elder Tillman lent the tent to an African American group for a singing meeting on a Sunday afternoon. It was then that young Tillman first heard the spiritual The Old Time Religion and then quickly scrawled the words, Tillman published the work to his largely white church market in 1891. Tillman was not first in publishing the song, an honor which goes to G. D, pike in his 1873 Jubilee Singers and Their Campaign for Twenty Thousand Dollars. As published by Tillman, the song contains verses not found in Pikes 1873 version and these possibly had accumulated in oral tradition or/and were augmented by lyrics crafted by Tillman. More critically, perhaps, Tillmans published version of the tune has a cadence which may have helped it gain wider currency. Tillmans emendations have characterized the song ever since, in the culture of all southerners irrespective of race, the refrain was worded by Georgia Baptist preacher M. E. Abbey. The combination became one of the most popular and frequently recorded songs of all time, on January 14,2012, Brad Paisley performed a 4/4 rendition as guest on Garrison Keillors Prairie Home Companion. Members of the Western Writers of America chose the song as one of the Top 100 Western songs of all time. Besides The Old Time Religion and Life’s Railway to Heaven the Cyber Hymnal lists other Tillman works, including My Mothers Bible as well as Ready and When I Get to the End of the Way. Wayne W. Daniel pays particular notice to Tillmans The Great Judgment Morning and he set it to music and published it in a songbook under the title The Judgment. Bearing the alternate title The Great Judgment Morning, the song subsequently was published extensively in southern gospel songbooks and it was written anonymously as Nomad by Rev. B. H. Shadduck, PhD, in the Salvation Armys War Cry publication in 1893. Notwithstanding the sentimentality, My Mothers Bible emerged in a number of generally stately hymnals, including the Broadman Hymnal edited by Baylus Benjamin McKinney and Christian Hymns. Ready to suffer grief or pain had a British author in the tradition of the Keswick Hymn-Book, Tillman first published the British lyrics with his tune in Tillmans Revival No.4 in Atlanta in 1903. The British lyrics are in five quatrains, Tillman moved the original first quatrain into the refrain of his version and altered the words to wed better to the repeated nature of a refrain. He printed the song with a reference to 2 Samuel 15,15, in conveying this background, William Jensen Reynolds observes that the Southern Baptist Hymnal Committee decided to name the tune TILLMANCharles Davis Tillman – Print of Tillman's photograph on the title page of Revival No. 2, published in 1896
36. TooSmooth – William Alexander McClam, known by his stage name TooSmooth, is an American singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, and entrepreneur. Recording Industry Association of America and National Academy of Recording Arts and he graduated high school a year early to study at Full Sail University. TooSmooth released his first single In Love September 11,2011 a week later his song was played on Globegig Radio an Independent UK station, the first time TooSmooth was played outside the USA. Smooths first album The Come Up Vol.1 Was released December 30,2011 and that same week Lights Out Entertainment LLC became a part of the Recording Industry Association of America listing TooSmooth and his record label among major labels of America. William is also a National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences member granting him the privilege to vote and that came about because earlier that year TooSmooth emailed his song Future Dreams to the same executive, by doing that sparked interest in TooSmooth and his songwriting ability. Later that year building a professional relationship with Warner Bros. TooSmooth Was Invited out to Paramount Pictures for the same pitching opportunitiesTooSmooth – TooSmooth at Lights Out Entertainment photo shoot
37. William Walker (composer) – William Walker was an American Baptist song leader, shape note singing master, and compiler of four shape note tunebooks, most notable of which was The Southern Harmony. Walker was born in Martins Mills, South Carolina, and grew up near Spartanburg, to distinguish him from other William Walkers in Spartanburg, he was nicknamed Singing Billy. He married Amy Golightly, whose sister Thurza married Benjamin Franklin White, publisher of The Sacred Harp, Walker is buried in Magnolia Cemetery, Spartanburg, Spartanburg County, South Carolina. In 1835, Walker published a tunebook entitled The Southern Harmony and this collection was revised in 1840,1847 and 1854. In 1846 he issued The Southern and Western Pocket Harmonist, intended as an appendix to the Southern Harmony, the Pocket Harmonist contains a large number of camp-meeting songs with refrains. In 1867, Walker published a tunebook entitled Christian Harmony, in which he adopted a seven shape notation and he incorporated over half of the contents of The Southern Harmony in the Christian Harmony, and he added alto parts to those pieces which had lacked them before. In the same year, he brought out a collection of Sunday school songs entitled Fruits, Walker is listed as the composer of many of the tunes in The Southern Harmony. However, he acknowledged that in cases, he borrowed his tunes. Glenn C. Wilcox describes the process as follows, quoting from Walkers own introduction, to a great many good airs he has written parts and assigned himself as composer. Shows his tacit acceptance of the commonality of many of the tunes. in working from original tune to finished hymn, Walker borrowed lyrics from established poets such as Charles Wesley and added to the tune just a treble part and a bass, creating three-part harmony. Two of Walkers tunebooks remain in print, facsimiles of his Southern Harmony continue in use at an annual singing in Benton, Kentucky. Until 2010, Walkers Christian Harmony existed in two editions, a reprint of the 1873 edition, and a revision by O. A. Parris and John Deason first published in 1958, employing the more familiar note-shapes of Jesse B, in 2010, a combined version of the Christian Harmony, known as the Georgia Christian Harmony or the Christian Harmony 2010, was published, using Aikins shape note system. The Christian Harmony 2010 incorporated the entire contents of both the 1873 edition and the 1958 Deason-Parris edition and added a number of new songs, Walkers compositions and arrangements are widely sung today by Sacred Harp singers as well as others. His work is represented by 13 songs in the current 1991 Denson edition of The Sacred Harp, according to the collated minutes kept by the Sacred Harp Musical Heritage Association, his song Hallelujah is sung at Sacred Harp conventions more than any other. The Walker songs are sung in four-part versions, with alto parts added by early 20th-century composers. Several of the tunes included in Walkers Southern Harmony are utilized in composer Donald Granthams 1998 work for wind band of the same name, in attendance were Sacred Harp singers from the UK & Ireland, Europe, and the US. Walker is the character of the 1952 folk opera Singin BillyWilliam Walker (composer) – William Walker
38. Kanye West – Kanye Omari West is an American rapper, songwriter, record producer, fashion designer, and entrepreneur. Intent on pursuing a career as a rapper, West released his debut album The College Dropout in 2004 to widespread critical and commercial success. He went on to pursue a variety of different styles on subsequent albums Late Registration, Graduation, and 808s & Heartbreak. In 2010, he released his fifth album My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy to rave reviews from critics, West released his abrasive sixth album, Yeezus, to further critical praise in 2013. His seventh album, The Life of Pablo, was released in 2016, Wests outspoken views and life outside of music have received significant mainstream attention. He has been a frequent source of controversy for his conduct at award shows, on social media and he is the founder and head of the creative content company DONDA. His 2014 marriage to television personality Kim Kardashian has also been subject to media coverage. He has won a total of 21 Grammy Awards, making him one of the most awarded artists of all time, three of his albums have been included and ranked on Rolling Stones 2012 update of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time list. He has also included in a number of Forbes annual lists. Time named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2005 and 2015, West was born on June 8,1977 in Atlanta, Georgia. His parents divorced when he was three years old, after the divorce, he and his mother moved to Chicago, Illinois. His father, Ray West, is a former Black Panther and was one of the first black photojournalists at The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Ray West was later a Christian counselor, and in 2006, opened the Good Water Store and Café in Lexington Park, Maryland with startup capital from his son. West, was a professor of English at Clark Atlanta University, West was raised in a middle-class background, attending Polaris High School in suburban Oak Lawn, Illinois after living in Chicago. At the age of 10, West moved with his mother to Nanjing, China, according to his mother, West was the only foreigner in his class, but settled in well and quickly picked up the language, although he has since forgotten most of it. When asked about his grades in school, West replied, I got As. West demonstrated an affinity for the arts at an early age and his mother recalled that she first took notice of Wests passion for drawing and music when he was in the third grade. Growing up in Chicago, West became deeply involved in its hip hop scene and he started rapping in the third grade and began making musical compositions in the seventh grade, eventually selling them to other artistsKanye West – West performing at Lollapalooza in 2011
39. Benjamin Franklin White – Benjamin Franklin White was a shape note singing master, and compiler of the shape note tunebook known as The Sacred Harp. He was born near Cross Keys in Union County, South Carolina, White and Elisha J. King published The Sacred Harp in 1844, using the four-shape shape note notation. In 1845, White led in the establishment of the Southern Musical Convention, in 1850, he issued a second edition of The Sacred Harp, adding 97 songs and 103 pages. With the 1850 and future editions, White was assisted by a committee appointed by the Southern Musical Convention. In 1859, an edition of The Sacred Harp was released. A fourth edition came out in 1869, for the first time, in this revision White replaced old songs with new ones, rather than simply adding the new songs to the back of the book. A year later, he released a copyright of the book signed only by himself and his son, D. P. White. In 1911, Whites youngest son, James Landrum White, reissued this edition with a supplement of newer gospel songs. White also taught music, among his pupils was Sarah Lancaster, White served as Clerk of the Inferior Court of Harris County, and mayor of Whitesville, Georgia. In 1852, B. F. White was named as Superintendent of the first newspaper published in Harris County, The Organ, among the musical materials it included were songs, minutes of singing conventions, musical debates, letters from singers, and advertisements for books. White participated with gusto in a number of debates about music in the pages of this paper, a few Sacred Harp songs to this day appear in the W. M. Cooper edition of the book with the mysterious notation For the Organ. This notation, otherwise baffling in a tradition that is firmly a cappella, Benjamin F. White married Thurza Melvina Golightly on December 30,1825 in Spartanburg District, SC. William Walker, publisher of the Southern Harmony, married Thurzas sister, the Whites moved from Spartanburg District, SC to Harris County, Georgia in 1842. To B. F. and Thurza were born nine children, William Decatur, David Patillo, Robert H. Mary Caroline, Nancy Ogburn, Thurza Melvina, Benjamin Franklin, Jr. James Landrum, and Martha America. Of these, David Patillo, James Landrum, and Benjamin Franklin, B. F. White died in 1879 and was buried in the Oakland Cemetery in Atlanta, Georgia. He was highly delighted with the circulation of the work. --He was charmed with each revision and edition, with their appendices, thousands and tens of thousands have enjoyed the music found alone in the Sacred Harp. Maj White was never more at home than when surrounded with a band of sweet singers and he was spirited and never failed to animate all whom he led. All were naturally drawn toward him as he discoursed upon music, a Chronological History of the Life of Benjamin Franklin White, by Donald Stephen Clarke Barfield, Louise C History of Harris County, Georgia 1827-1961, Columbus Office Supply CompanyBenjamin Franklin White – B. F. White
40. Jay-Z – Shawn Corey Carter, known professionally as Jay Z, is an American rapper, businessman, and investor. He is one of the musicians of all time, having sold more than 100 million records. MTV ranked him the Greatest MC of all time in 2006, Rolling Stone ranked three of his albums—Reasonable Doubt, The Blueprint, and The Black Album —among the 500 greatest albums of all time. In 2014, Forbes estimated his net worth at nearly $520 million, Jay Z co-owns the New York 40/40 Club sports bar, and is the co-creator of the clothing line Rocawear. He is the president of Def Jam Recordings, co-founder of Roc-A-Fella Records. He also founded the sports agency Roc Nation Sports and is a certified NBA, as an artist, he holds the record for most number one albums by a solo artist on the Billboard 200 with 13. He has also had four number ones on the Billboard Hot 100, in 2009, he was ranked the tenth-most successful artist of the 2000s by Billboard as well as the fifth top solo male artist and fourth top rapper behind Eminem, Nelly, and 50 Cent. He was also ranked the 88th-greatest artist of all time by Rolling Stone, Jay Z married Singer-Songwriter Beyoncé in 2008. Shawn Carter was born in Brooklyn, New York, and was raised in Marcy Houses and he and his three siblings were raised by their mother, Gloria Carter after their father, Adness Reeves abandoned the family. Reeves would later meet and reconcile with Jay Z before dying from liver failure in 2003, Jay Z claims in his lyrics that in 1982, at the age of 12, he shot his older brother in the shoulder for stealing his jewelry. Along with future rapper AZ, Carter attended Eli Whitney High School in Brooklyn until it was closed down, according to his interviews and lyrics, during this period he sold crack cocaine and was shot at three times. According to his mother, Carter used to wake up his siblings at night banging out drum patterns on the kitchen table and she bought him a boom box for his birthday, sparking his interest in music. He began freestyling and writing lyrics, known as Jazzy around the neighborhood, Carter later adopted the showbiz/stage name Jay-Z in homage to his mentor Jaz-O. He would drop the hyphen in 2013, Jay Z can be briefly heard on several of Jaz-Os early recordings in the late 1980s and early 1990s, including The Originators and Hawaiian Sophie. Jay Z became embroiled in several battles with rapper LL Cool J in the early 1990s and he first became known to a wide audience on the posse cut Show and Prove on the 1994 Big Daddy Kane album Daddys Home. When I would leave the stage to go change outfits, I would bring out Jay Z and Positive K and let them freestyle until I came back to the stage. The young Jay Z appeared on a song by Big L, Da Graveyard, and on Mic Geronimos Time to Build. His first official rap single was called In My Lifetime, for which he released a music video, an unreleased music video was also produced for the B-side I Cant Get with ThatJay-Z – Jay Z at the Shawn Carter Foundation Carnival, 2011