Category:Baroque architecture at Versailles
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- ► Palace of Versailles (2 C, 34 P)
This category has only the following subcategory.
1. Hall of Mirrors – The Hall of Mirrors is the central gallery of the Palace of Versailles in Versailles, France. The principal feature of this hall is the seventeen mirror-clad arches that reflect the seventeen arcaded windows that overlook the gardens. Each arch contains twenty-one mirrors with a total complement of 357 used in the decoration of the galerie des glaces. The arches themselves are fixed between marble pilasters whose capitals depict the symbols of France. These gilded capitals include the fleur-de-lys and the Gallic cockerel or rooster. Construction on its two salons continued until 1684, at which time it was pressed into use for court and state functions. The decoration is dedicated to the political policies and military victories of Louis XIV. The central panel of Le roi gouverne par lui-même alludes to the establishment of the personal reign of Louis XIV in 1661. The decorative schema represents the last of three that were presented to Louis XIV. The decorative plan was to have depicted the exploits of Apollo, being consistent with the imagery associated with the Sun-King, Louis XIV. The decorative plan was one in which the exploits of Hercules -- as allegories to the actions of Louis XIV -- were to be depicted. Again, as with the first plan, the Hercules theme was rejected by the king. The final plan represents military victories of Louis XIV starting to the Treaty of Nijmegen. In this way, themes such as military prowess are rendered with Louis XIV himself as the key figure. During the 17th century, the Hall of Mirrors was used daily by Louis XIV when he walked to the chapel.Hall of Mirrors – Hall of Mirrors, Palace of Versailles
2. Salon d'Hercule – Originally, the salon d'Hercule occupies the tribune level of this chapel. Initially called the nouveau salon près de la chapelle when the room was started in 1710 by Robert de Cotte for Louis XIV. However, with the death of Louis XIV in 1715 the project was postponed. Beginning in 1724, work on the d'Hercule recommenced. Louis XV commissioned architect Jacques Gabriel, sculptors Jacques Verberckt and François-Antoine Vassé to complete the room. The room was completed with the ceiling painting Apothéose d'Hercule by François Le Moyne, which gave the room its present name. There are only two other paintings decorating this room, both of which are by Veronese. Above the fireplace is the artist’s Rebecca at the Well; on the opposite wall forming a pendant is the famed Feast in the House of Simon. Louis XIV received the latter painting in 1664. It was installed in d'Hercule in 1730 where it remained until 1832 at which time it was transferred to the Louvre. In 1961 the Feast in the House of Simon was returned to the d'Hercule. Under the aegis of the Société des amis de Versailles and BNP the painting was restored. Media related to Salon d'Hercule du Château de Versailles at Wikimedia CommonsSalon d'Hercule – Created 1724–1736 by Robert de Cotte, Jacques Gabriel, Antoine Vassé, and Claude Tarlé
3. Chapels of Versailles – The present chapel of the Palace of Versailles is the fifth in the history of the palace. These chapels evolved with the expansion of the château and formed the focal point of the daily life of the court during the Ancien Régime. The château's first chapel was located at the northeast of the château. The pièce la vaisselle d'or in the petit appartement du roi occupies the approximate emplacement of the château's first chapel. This chapel followed the two-story palatine model, traditional in France; successive chapels at Versailles followed this model. This chapel was destroyed in 1665 during the construction of the Grotte de Thétys. The château's second chapel was created during Louis XIV’s second building campaign, when Louis Le Vau constructed the château neuf. Located next to the new salle gardes la reine, this chapel served the needs of life at Versailles for a short period of time. In 1682, this room was converted into the grande salles des gardes de la reine and a new chapel was built. With the construction of the aile du Nord, the wing of a new chapel was built. Construction of the north wing necessitated the destruction of the Grotte de Thétys; it was on this site that the new chapel was built in 1682. The lower vestibule occupy the space of this site. As the focal point of Louis XIV's fourth campaign, the final chapel of the château of Versailles is an unreserved masterpiece. Begun in 1689, construction was halted due to the War of the League of Augsburg; Jules Hardouin-Mansart resumed construction in 1699. Hardouin-Mansart continued working until his death in 1708, at which time Robert de Cotte, finished the project.Chapels of Versailles – Versailles' chapel is one of the palace's grandest interiors. This is the view as seen from the tribune royale, where the king and members of the royal family heard mass.
4. Palace of Versailles – The Palace of Versailles, Château de Versailles, or simply Versailles, is a royal château in Versailles in the Île-de-France region of France. Versailles is therefore famous not only as a symbol of the system of absolute monarchy of the Ancien Régime. First built as a hunting lodge of brick and stone, the edifice was enlarged into a royal palace by Louis XIV. The first phase of the expansion was supervised by the architect Louis Le Vau. It culminated in the addition of three new wings of west. After Le Vau's death in 1670, the work was completed by his assistant, François d'Orbay. André Le Nôtre landscaped the extensive Gardens of Versailles. Le Brun supervised the design and installation of countless statues. During the second phase of expansion, two enormous wings south of the wings flanking the Cour Royale were added by the architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart. One of the most baffling aspects to the study of Versailles is the cost -- how much his successors spent on Versailles. Owing to the nature of the evolution of the role of the palace, construction costs were essentially a private matter. Initially, Versailles was referred to as the "king's house". To counter the costs of Versailles during the early years of Louis XIV's personal reign, Colbert decided that Versailles should be the "showcase" of France. Accordingly, all materials that went into the decoration of Versailles were manufactured in France. Even the mirrors used in the decoration of the Hall of Mirrors were made in France.Palace of Versailles – Aerial view of the Palace from above the Gardens of Versailles