Category:Bell towers in Italy
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bell towers in Italy.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bell towers in Italy.|
1. Torre della Ghirlandina – The Torre della Ghirlandina or simply Ghirlandina is the bell tower of the Cathedral of Modena, in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. Standing at 86.12 metres, the tower is the traditional symbol of Modena, being visible from all directions outside the city. The structure was set up in 1179 on five floors, initially called Torre di San Geminiano. The top of the tower is decorated with two ghirlande, whence the name. Also notable are the sculpted capitals in the Sala dei Torresani hall, in the fifth floor. The five bells are tuned in C major, cast during period. The tower underwent a restoration started in December 2007. Restoration work lasted till September 2011. During the work, the scaffolding was hidden behind an artistic screen painted by the Italian sculptor Mimmo Paladino. This choice has caused perplexity in the town, given the very idea of it. This article was originally a translation of the Emilian e Rumagnòl-language Wikipedia eml: Ghirlandèina.Torre della Ghirlandina – UNESCO World Heritage Site
2. San Giorgio dei Greci – San Giorgio dei Greci is a church in the sestiere of Castello, Venice, northern Italy. It was the Confraternity of the Greeks in Venice. Despite the close ties of Venice to the Byzantine world, the Greek Orthodox rite was not permitted in Venice. In 1498, the Greek community gained the right to found the Scuola de San Nicolò dei Greci, a confraternity which aided members of that community. Construction was started by Giannantonio Chiona. The belltower was built in 1592. The interior has a monument to Gabriele Seviros by Baldassarre Longhena. The dome of the church was frescoed by Giovanni Kyprios. The iconostasis employed Kyprios, Tommaso Bathas, Michael Damaskinos. A priest and hagiographer from Crete, frescoed the Saints Simeon and Alypios, ascetic hermits, atop the pilasters. Near the church lies the Flanginian School, a Greek teachers' school, which today houses the Hellenic Institute for Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Studies in Venice. Manno, Antonio. The Rizzoli Art Guides, ed. The Treasures of Venice. New York: Rizzoli International Publications.San Giorgio dei Greci – San Giorgio dei Greci with its campanile
3. Giotto's Campanile – This slender structure stands on a square plan with a side of 14.45 metres. It attains a height of 84.7 metres sustained by four polygonal buttresses at the corners. These four vertical lines are crossed by four horizontal lines, dividing the tower in five levels. At that time he was 67 years old. Giotto concentrated his energy on the design and construction of a campanile for the cathedral. The first stone was laid on 19 July 1334. In his design he also applied chiaroscuro and some form of perspective instead of a strict linear drawing of the campanile. And instead of a filigree skeleton of a gothic building, he applied a surface of coloured marble in geometric patterns. This lower floor is decorated on three sides with bas-reliefs in hexagonal panels, seven on each side. The number “seven” has a special meaning in Biblical sense: it symbolizes human perfectibility. It is difficult to attribute artistic paternity to these panels, some may be by Giotto himself, the others by Andrea Pisano. Through this work, Giotto has become, together with Brunelleschi and Alberti, one of the founding fathers of Italian Renaissance architecture. Giotto was succeeded as Master of the Works in 1343 by Andrea Pisano, famous already for the South Doors of the Baptistery. He continued the construction of the bell tower, scrupulously following Giotto’s design. He added, above the lower level of Giotto, a second fascia, this time decorated with lozenge-shaped panels.Giotto's Campanile – Giotto's bell tower seen from the top of the Duomo.
4. Leaning Tower of Pisa – It is the third oldest structure in the city's Cathedral Square after the cathedral and the Pisa Baptistry. The tower's tilt began on one side to properly support the structure's weight. The height of the tower is 55.86 metres from 56.67 metres on the high side. The width of the walls at the base is 2.44 m. Its weight is estimated at 14,500 metric tons. The tower has 294 steps; the seventh floor has two fewer steps on the north-facing staircase. This means that the top of the tower is displaced 3.9 metres from the centre. There has been controversy about the real identity of the architect of the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Bonanno Pisano left Pisa for Monreale, Sicily, only to come back and die in his home town. Construction of the tower occurred over 199 years. Work on the floor of the white marble campanile began on August 14, 1173 during a period of military success and prosperity. This floor is a blind arcade articulated by engaged columns with classical Corinthian capitals. The tower began to sink after construction had progressed to the second floor in 1178. This was due to a three-metre foundation, set in weak, unstable subsoil, a design, flawed from the beginning. Construction was subsequently halted for almost a century, because the Republic of Pisa was almost continually engaged in battles with Genoa, Lucca, Florence.Leaning Tower of Pisa – Leaning Tower of Pisa
5. St Mark's Campanile – St Mark's Campanile is the bell tower of St Mark's Basilica in Venice, Italy, located in the Piazza San Marco. It is one of the most recognizable symbols of the city. The tower stands alone in a corner of St Mark's Square, near the front of the basilica. The belfry is topped by a cube, alternate faces of which show the female representation of Venice. The tower is capped by a pyramidal spire, at the top of which sits a golden weathervane in the form of the archangel Gabriel. The campanile reached its present form in 1514. The current tower was reconstructed after the collapse of 1902. Construction was finished during the reign of Domenico Morosini. One of the models for the tower was the St. Mercuriale's Campanile, in Forlì. The campanile suffered damage on many occasions. It was severely damaged in 1388, set on fire and seriously damaged by a fire in 1489 that destroyed the wooden spire. The campanile assumed its definitive shape in the sixteenth century thanks to the restorations made to repair further damage caused by the earthquake of March 1511. In the following centuries other interventions were made to repair the damage from fires caused by lightning. It was damaged in 1565. In 1653, Baldassarre Longhena took up the restorations.St Mark's Campanile – The Campanile seen from St. Mark's Square
6. Torrazzo of Cremona – The Torrazzo is the bell tower of the Cathedral of Cremona, Lombardy, in northern Italy. According to popular tradition, construction on the tower began in 754. The seven bells are tuned in the scale of A major, date back to the 18th century. In the Torrazzo's fourth storey resides the largest astronomical clock in the world. The mechanism was built by Giovan Battista Divizioli between 1588. Galeati, G.. Il Torrazzo di Cremona. Cremona. Saracino, M.T.. Il Torrazzo ed il suo restauro. Cremona. Loffi, F.. Il Torrazzo di Cremona. Cremona. Ghidotti, P. Il Torrazzo di Cremona.Torrazzo of Cremona – The Torrazzo.