Category:British Merchant Navy personnel of World War II
Pages in category "British Merchant Navy personnel of World War II"
The following 42 pages are in this category, out of 42 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 42 pages are in this category, out of 42 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Donald Clarke (GC) – Apprentice Donald Owen Clarke of the Merchant Navy was posthumously awarded the George Cross for his heroism on 8 August 1942. Sailing alone, his motor tanker, the San Emiliano, was torpedoed and sunk by U.155 in the central Atlantic, south east of Trinidad. He rowed the lifeboat, the one to survive the sinking. Lying at the bottom of the boat, as they waited for rescue, notice of his award appeared in the London Gazette of the 20 July 1943. The citation ended thus By his supreme effort, undertaken without thought of self and in spite of terrible agony and his great heroism and selfless devotion were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Merchant NavyDonald Clarke (GC) – Donald Owen Clarke GC
2. Ken Colyer – Kenneth Colyer was an English jazz trumpeter and cornetist, devoted to New Orleans jazz. His band was known for skiffle interludes. He was born in Great Yarmouth but grew up in Soho, London, when his elder brother Bill went off to serve in World War II he left his jazz records behind, which influenced Ken Colyer. He joined the Merchant Navy at 17, travelled around the world and heard famous jazz musicians in New York and Montreal. In the UK, Colyer played with bands and joined, in 1949. The band played at the Royal Festival Hall on 14 July 1951 in the presence of HRH Princess Elizabeth, parts of that group merged with other musicians including Keith Christie and Ian Christie to form the Christie Brothers Stompers. Colyer rejoined the Merchant Navy, jumped ship in Mobile, Alabama, and travelled to New Orleans and he was offered the job of lead trumpeter on a tour, but was caught by the authorities, detained and deported. Colyer was invited to take the lead for the Chris Barber Band and so formed the first line-up of Ken Colyers Jazzmen, Chris Barber, Monty Sunshine, Ron Bowden, Lonnie Donegan. They made their first recordings on Storyville in 1953, Colyer and the others parted company in 1954, each claiming in later years to have fired the other. The next, brief, band in the mid-1950s featured Bernard Acker Bilk on clarinet, then followed Colyers band with what is seen today as its classic line-up, Mac Duncan, Ian Wheeler, Johnny Bastable, Ron Ward and Colin Bowden, later joined by Ray Foxley. This band played together until the early 1960s when the new front-line featured, at times, Sammy Rimington and Tony Pyke, Graham Stewart and Geoff Cole, Bill Cole. In January 1963, the British music magazine NME reported that the biggest trad jazz event to be staged in Britain had taken place at Alexandra Palace. The event included George Melly, Diz Disley, Acker Bilk, Chris Barber, Kenny Ball, Alex Welsh, Monty Sunshine, Bob Wallis, Bruce Turner, Mick Mulligan and Colyer. In 1972, after a bout with cancer, Colyer took his doctors advice to stop leading a band. The band continued to work under the leadership of banjoist Johnny Bastable, as his Chosen Six, Colyer continued with a solo career into the 1980s. Around that time he was associated with Chris Blounts New Orleans Jazz Band. He moved to the south of France in his last years, lake Records was started by re-issuing Colyer albums and the current catalogue contains most of his best recordings. A biography, Goin Home, was compiled by Mike Pointon and it won an accolade from the House of Commons Jazz Society in May 2011Ken Colyer – Ken Colyer
3. Sid Daniels – Sidney Edward Daniels, known as Sid Daniels, was a British merchant seaman and the last surviving member of the crew of the RMS Titanic. Daniels was only 18 when the Titanic struck an iceberg and sank on 15 April 1912 and he also served in World War I for the Royal Army Service Corps and World War II for the Merchant Navy. Daniels was born in Portsmouth, England, in 1911, he joined the crew of the RMS Olympic on the ships maiden voyage. He was also on board when she collided with the HMS Hawke in the Solent and he later transferred to serve in the Stewards Department on the RMS Titanic. When the ship made her maiden voyage in early 1912, Daniels was 18 years old, Daniels then went up to deck and awaited orders along with other crew members. They received orders to get all the women and children up to the deck, when he finished his task, there was only one remaining lifeboat, which was a collapsible boat secured to the top of the wireless room and lashed down with varying lashings. Someone asked for a knife and Daniels obliged. Afterward, he went up near the bridge and looked from the side over to the starboard side. He decided to do something as the level reached his knees. After jumping onto the rail, he dove into the water, fearing that suction would take him down, he swam away. He saw something flash and swam toward what was the lifeboat that they had previously tried to cut adrift. Daniels climbed on the hull and managed to sit up on the keel of the lifeboat, while on the boat, they said prayers and waited for help. Daniels said to a man that he was tired and was going to sleep, but. Daniels later realised that if he had gone to sleep, he would not have woken up again. They sat on the boat throughout the night, and toward dawn a ship was sighted. The RMS Carpathia finally rescued them, once on board, Daniels tasted coffee for the first time in his life. He said he hated the taste of the coffee, but he didnt care as long as it warmed him up and they took him down to the hospital, where he stayed for a while. During World War I, Sidney Daniels joined the Royal Army Service Corps, but saw no direct combat and he returned home in 1915 and when interviewed by a local newspaper, he said that he couldnt help but laugh to think of all he had been throughSid Daniels – On board the Olympic, 1911
4. Bob Doyle (activist) – Robert Andrew Bob Doyle was a communist activist and soldier from Ireland. He was active in two armed conflicts, the Spanish Civil War as a member of the International Brigades and the Second World War as a member of the British Empires Merchant Navy. Doyle was born in a North King Street tenement in Dublin, Ireland, in 1933, he was part of an anti - communist mob that attacked Connolly House. He joined the Irish Republican Army after losing his eye in a brawl with Blueshirts. He initially attempted to travel to Spain by stowing away aboard a boat bound for Valencia and he eventually returned by crossing the Pyrenees from France. After he returned to Spain, he reported to a battalion at Figueras and he was initially required to train new recruits because of his IRA experience, but disobeyed orders to get to the front. After fighting at Belchite, he was captured at Gandesa by the Italian fascist Corpo Truppe Volontarie in 1938 and he was imprisoned for 11 months in a concentration camp near Burgos. There he was brought out to be shot and he was regularly tortured by Spanish fascist guards. Doyle enlisted in the British merchant navy during World War II before settling in London with his Spanish wife and he became active in the Fleet Street print trade unions. A regular visitor to Spain and Ireland for International Brigade commemorations, he published an account of his experiences in Spain in Brigadista, An Irishman’s Fight Against Fascism. In an interview with The Irish Times, he said, I thought there was a danger that Ireland would go fascist and that was one of the motivating factors in making up my mind to go to Spain. Doyle and his wife Lola later gave birth to a son, noted film editor and special effects wizard Julian Doyle, who worked on films as Monty Python. Bob Doyle died at the age of 92 on 22 January 2009 and his ashes were carried at the head of a funeral procession through the streets of Dublin. Large numbers of people, including members of the Irish Labour Party, Bob Doyle, Spanish Civil War veteran, dies aged 92 Irish Times A Collection of articles, speeches by him, with obituaries, etc. at the Wayback Machine Imperial War Museum InterviewBob Doyle (activist) – Doyle's ashes in the funeral procession, Dublin 2009
5. Reginald Earnshaw – Reginald Hamilton Earnshaw, known as Reggie Earnshaw, is believed to have been the youngest person in the British services to die in World War II. He was just 14 years,151 days old when he died under enemy fire on the SS North Devon off the coast of Norfolk on 6 July 1941, Earnshaw was born in Dewsbury, West Yorkshire, to Dorothy Earnshaw. She then married Eric Shires, and the couple had two daughters, aged 12, he moved with the family to the Granton area of Edinburgh, attending Bellevue School. He left aged 14, and joined the Merchant Navy in February 1941, giving his year as 1926 rather than 1927 in order to appear 15. Earnshaws body was recovered after the attack and his certificate, based partly on the false information he had supplied on recruitment. Buried originally in a grave at Comely Bank Cemetery, Edinburgh, his story and his true age came to light after a shipmate. In 2009, the grave was marked by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission with a granite headstone, casualty details—Earnshaw, Reginald, Commonwealth War Graves CommissionReginald Earnshaw – Reginald Earnshaw
6. Gerry Fitt – Gerard Fitt, Baron Fitt was a politician in Northern Ireland. He was a founder and the first leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party, Fitt was born in Belfast and educated at a local Christian Brothers school. He served in the Merchant Navy as a stoker until 1953 and he joined in 1941 during World War II serving on convoy duty. He witnessed the sinking of HMS Bluebell from which there was one survivor and his elder brother Geordie, an Irish Guardsman, was killed at the Battle of Normandy. In 1958, he was elected to Belfast City Council as a member of the Irish Labour Party, in 1962, he won a Stormont seat from the Ulster Unionist Party, becoming the only Irish Labour member. Two years later, he left Irish Labour and joined with Harry Diamond, at the 1966 general election, Fitt won the Belfast West seat in the Westminster parliament. He used Westminster as a platform to interest British members of parliament in the problems, many sympathetic MPs were present at the civil rights march in Derry on 5 October 1968 when Fitt and others were beaten by the Royal Ulster Constabulary. Fitt also supported the 1969 candidacy of Bernadette Devlin in the Mid Ulster by-election who ran as an anti-abstentionist Unity candidate, in his maiden speech, he called for an inquiry into the unionist government of Northern Ireland. Fitt was elected as a socialist republican and was proud to unveil a plaque at the house on the Falls Road where James Connolly and he was anxious to build a broader movement that would challenge Unionist hegemony. In August 1970, Fitt became the first leader of a coalition of rights and nationalist leaders who created the Social Democratic. But already by then Northern Ireland was charging headlong towards near-civil war, arguments still rage over the extent to which Fitt, as opposed to John Hume, helped shape the agreement. Fitt certainly was becoming less engaged with the nationalist concerns of the majority of the SDLP, Fitt became increasingly detached from both his own party and also became more outspoken in his condemnation of the Provisional Irish Republican Army. He became a target for republican sympathisers in 1976 when they attacked his home and he became disillusioned with the handling of Northern Ireland by the British government. Like Paddy Devlin before him, he claimed the SDLP had ceased to be a socialist force, in 1981, he opposed the hunger strikes in the Maze prison in Belfast. His seat in Westminster was targeted by Sinn Féin as well as by the SDLP, in June 1983, he lost his seat in Belfast West to Gerry Adams, in part due to competition from an SDLP candidate. The following month, on 14 October 1983, he was created a UK life peer as Baron Fitt and his Belfast home was firebombed a month after he was made a peer and he moved to live in London. In his later life he was an member of the House of Lords. He was unique in that he was the only nationalist or republican from Northern Ireland ever to be elevated to the House of Lords, although Fitt was initially considered a nationalist politician, his career defies the traditional terms used for the discussion of Northern Irish politicsGerry Fitt – The Lord Fitt
7. Frederick Fleet – Frederick Fleet was a British sailor, crewman and survivor of the sinking of the RMS Titanic after it struck an iceberg on 14 April 1912. As a lookout aboard the Titanic when it struck the iceberg, along with Reginald Lee, it was Fleet who first sighted the iceberg, ringing the bridge to proclaim, Iceberg, right ahead. Fleet testified at the inquiries that if he had issued with binoculars. When asked how much sooner, he responded, Well, enough to get out of the way, in later life, Fleet suffered severe depression, and died by suicide. Fleet was born in Liverpool on 15 October 1887 and he never knew his father, and his mother abandoned him and fled with a boyfriend to Springfield, Massachusetts, in the United States never to be seen or heard from again. Frederick was raised by a succession of families and distant relatives. In 1903 he went to sea as a boy, working his way up to able seaman. Before joining the crew of the RMS Titanic he had sailed for four years as a lookout in the RMS Oceanic. As a seaman, Fleet earned five pounds per month plus an extra 5 shillings for lookout duty, and it was as a lookout that Fleet joined the Titanic in April 1912, along with five other watchmen. Fleet boarded the Titanic in Southampton on 10 April 1912, the ship made two stops, first in Cherbourg, France and Queenstown, in Ireland. The lookouts, six in total, made two-hour shifts due to cold in the crows nest. The trip was uneventful until the night of 14 April 1912, at 22,00 that night, Fleet and his fellow lookout Reginald Lee replaced George Symons and Archie Jewell at the nest. They passed on the order given earlier to them by second officer Charles Lightoller to watch out for small ice, the night was calm and moonless, which made it difficult to spot the icebergs due to the lack of waves breaking against the base of the iceberg and reflection. Furthermore, despite repeated requests for binoculars, they were not available for the lookouts and it has been also mentioned that Blair accidentally took the keys of the cabinet containing the binoculars with him. Besides, some experts have said that even using binoculars, neither Fleet nor Lee could have spotted the iceberg any sooner given the conditions of the night. At 23,39, Fleet first spotted the iceberg and rang the bell three times to warn the bridge of something ahead. Then, using the telephone he pronounced the infamous Iceberg. Warning to sixth officer James Paul Moody who immediately notified first officer William McMaster Murdoch, after the collision, Fleet and Lee remained on duty for twenty more minutesFrederick Fleet – Frederick Fleet at age 24, 1912.
8. Lefty Satan Flynn – Lefty Satan Flynn born Selvin Campbell in British Honduras was a professional boxer. Flynn also known as His Satanic Majesty fought out of Jamaica becoming Jamaican featherweight, after taking the Jamaican titles he moved to Britain in late 1936. Flynn was an opponent in British boxing circles and fought many of the up-and-coming fighters of his age. In 1954 he made an attempt at the British Honduras welterweight title in Belize City. Flynn, born as Selvin Campbell in British Honduras, moved to Jamaica while still an adolescent and he went to school in Kingston, Jamaica, and travelled to Great Britain in 1936. With the outbreak of the Second World War he joined the Merchant Navy, flynns first recorded professional fight, weighing in as a flyweight, was as a nineteen-year-old facing similarly inexperienced fighters in Kingston, Jamaica. After a draw against Kid Walcott, He faced Kid Bailey three times, winning twice and drawing once, there is no official record of another professional encounter until four years later in 1931 when Flynn faced Young Harvey at the Ward Theatre in Jamaica. On 23 April 1932 he faced St Andrew Pup for the Jamaican Lightweight title, though there is no record of this being a vacant title, Flynn stopped Pup for the first time in his career, taking the championship crown. Flynn held the title until relinquishing the belt after rising to lightweight, Flynn failed in his challenge but continued to fight in Jamaica winning the majority of his contest. In early 1936, and now fighting at the next level of welterweight. Silver was disqualified in the eighth giving Flynn his second Jamaican boxing title, Flynn fought a few more bouts in Jamaica, before travelling to Britain to continue his career. His first British fight was against Joe Kerr, a future Scottish Lightweight champion and he lost to Boyo Rees towards the end of 1936, but then beat Len Tiger Smith in January 1937. In Britain Flynn was unable to challenge for any of the British belts and he fought at The Stadium in Liverpool, Earls Court Arena and both the National Sporting Club and Kelvin Hall in London. In 1946, Flynn left the United Kingdom and travelled back to the Caribbean, on 30 April 1946 he faced the Venezuelan welterweight champion, J. J. Fernandez at Port-of-Spain in Trinidad and Tobago. Flynn lost the match on points, although no record of his interim fights is available, in 1954 Flynn re-appears on the boxing scene in a challenge for the British Honduras welterweight title against Rudolph Bent. Bent won the contest by points, and in a two months later in November Bent beat Flynn again, this time by technical knockout. All in My Corner, A tribute to some forgotten Welsh boxing heroes, professional boxing record for Lefty Satan Flynn from BoxRecLefty Satan Flynn – Lefty 'Satan' Flynn
9. Lucian Freud – Lucian Michael Freud was a British painter and draftsman, specialising in figurative art, and is known as one of the foremost 20th-century portraitists. He was born in Berlin, the son of a Jewish architect and his family moved to Britain in 1933 to escape the rise of Nazism. From 1942-43 he attended Goldsmiths College, London and he enlisted in the Merchant Navy during the Second World War. His early career as a painter was influenced by surrealism, but by the early 1950s his often stark, Freud was an intensely private and guarded man, and his paintings, completed over a 60-year career, are mostly of friends and family. They are generally sombre and thickly impastoed, often set in unsettling interiors, the works are noted for their psychological penetration and often discomforting examination of the relationship between artist and model. Freud worked from life studies, and was known for asking for extended, born in Berlin, Freud was the son of a German Jewish mother, Lucie, and an Austrian Jewish father, Ernst L. Freud, an architect. He was a grandson of Sigmund Freud, and elder brother of the broadcaster, writer and politician Clement Freud, the family emigrated to St Johns Wood, London, in 1933 to escape the rise of Nazism. Lucian became a British subject in 1939, having attended Dartington Hall School in Totnes, Devon and he also attended Goldsmiths College, part of the University of London, in 1942–43. He served as a merchant seaman in an Atlantic convoy in 1941 before being invalided out of service in 1942, in 1943, the poet and editor Meary James Thurairajah Tambimuttu commissioned the young artist to illustrate a book of poems by Nicholas Moore entitled The Glass Tower. It was published the year by Editions Poetry London and comprised, among other drawings, a stuffed zebra. Both subjects reappeared in The Painters Room on display at Freuds first solo exhibition in 1944 at the Lefevre Gallery, in the summer of 1946, he travelled to Paris before continuing to Greece for several months to visit John Craxton. In the early fifties he was a frequent visitor to Dublin where he would share Patrick Swifts studio, in late 1952, Freud and Lady Caroline Blackwood eloped to Paris where they married in 1953. He remained a Londoner for the rest of his life, Freud was part of a group of figurative artists later named The School of London. This was more a collection of individual artists who knew each other, some intimately. The group was led by such as Francis Bacon and Freud. He was a tutor at the Slade School of Fine Art of University College London from 1949 to 1954. Freuds early paintings, which are very small, are often associated with German Expressionism and Surrealism in depicting people, plants. These were painted with tiny sable brushes and evoke Early Netherlandish painting and he would often clean his brush after each stroke when painting flesh, so that the colour remained constantly variableLucian Freud – Lucian Freud
10. Alfred Lennon – Alfred Alf/Freddie Lennon was the father of English musician John Lennon. He spent many years in an orphanage—with his sister, Edith—after his father died and he was known as being very witty and musical throughout his life—he sang and played the banjo—but not as being very dependable. Although always known informally as Alf by his family, he released a record as Freddie Lennon. He married Julia Stanley in 1938, John was their only child together, but as Alf was often away at sea during World War II, he did not see much of his child during his infancy. During this period, Julia became pregnant with another mans child and he offered to look after his wife, their child and the expected baby, but Julia rejected the idea. He had very little contact with his son until Beatlemania, when they met again and he died in Brighton, where he had gone to live after marrying 19-year-old Pauline Jones, with whom he had two children. James Lennon and Jane McConville, Alfs grandparents, moved with their families to Liverpool in the 1840s. James and Jane were both from County Down, Ireland, and were married in St. Anthonys Chapel, Scotland Road, Liverpool, james was a warehouseman and a cooper at the time. In 1888, Jack married Margaret Cowley and they had two children, Mary Elizabeth Lennon, and Michael Lennon, Margaret died giving birth to Michael on 19 August 1892. Shortly after, Jack began living with Mary Polly Maguire in a common-law marriage, in total they had fifteen children, eight of whom died young. In 1901, Jack, Polly and his daughter, Mary, were living at 3 Lockhart Street, Jack eventually married Polly in 1915, after they had moved to Elmore Street, Everton. One of the witnesses at the wedding was Pollys sister, Catherine Seddon, daughter Edith Lennon was born that year and then Charles. The Lennons moved back to Toxteth Park, and Jack died in 1921 and he is buried in a common and unmarked grave in the Anfield Cemetery, Liverpool. Polly could not read or write, but was reported to be very humorous, after Jack died, Polly did not have enough money to keep the whole Lennon family together, so she placed two of her children, Alf and Edith, in the Blue Coat School Orphanage. It was situated just around the corner from Newcastle Road, Polly died on 30 January 1949. It is also claimed that Jacks first wife was an American who died during childbirth after they had moved back to Liverpool. This has been proven to be false by checking birth certificates, Alfred Lennon, was known as being happy-go-lucky, and couldnt resist having a good time. He had rickets as a child and wore leg braces, which led to his growth being stunted at 54, in 1927, he auditioned for a childrens music hall act, Will Murrays Gang, at the Empire Theatre in LiverpoolAlfred Lennon – Alfred "Freddie" Lennon (1966)
11. Poon Lim – Poon Lim or Lim Poon BEM was a Chinese sailor who survived 133 days alone in the South Atlantic. Lim was working as second steward on the British merchant ship SS Benlomond when it was sunk by a German U-boat on November 23,1942, after a few hours in the water, Lim found an 8-foot square wooden raft which contained some food and water. When the supplies ran low, he resorted to fishing, catching seabirds, on April 5,1943, he was rescued by three Brazilian fishermen as he neared the coast of Brazil. After returning to the United Kingdom, he was awarded a British Empire Medal by King George VI, after the war, Lim emigrated to the United States. Lim was born in Hainan Island, China, in 1918, in 1942, during World War II, he was working as second steward on the British armed merchant ship SS Benlomond, which was on its way from Cape Town to Paramaribo, Suriname and New York. The ship was armed but slow moving and was sailing alone instead of in a convoy. On November 23, the German U-boat U-172 intercepted and struck the Benlomond with two torpedoes in position 00. 30°N38. 45°W /00.30, -38.45, some 750 miles east of the Amazon. As the ship was sinking, Poon Lim took a life jacket, Benlomond sank in approximately two minutes, allowing only six survivors, including Poon Lim, to abandon ship. After approximately two hours in the water, Poon Lim found and climbed aboard an 8 square wooden raft. The raft had several tins of biscuits, a 40-litre jug of water, some chocolate, Lim was ultimately the only survivor of the sinking. 53 of the crew of 54 were lost at sea, including the master,44 sailors, Poon Lim initially kept himself alive by drinking the water and eating the food on the raft, but later resorted to fishing and catching rainwater in a canvas life jacket covering. He could not swim well and often tied a rope from the boat to his wrist. He took a wire from the flashlight and made it into a fishhook and he also dug a nail out of the boards on the wooden raft and bent it into a hook for larger fish. When he captured a fish, he would cut it open with a knife he fashioned out of a biscuit tin, once, a large storm hit and spoiled his fish and fouled his water. Poon, barely alive, caught a bird and drank its blood to survive, when he saw sharks, he refrained from swimming and sought to catch one, using the remnants of caught birds as bait. The first shark to pick up the taste was only a few feet long and he gulped the bait and hit the line with full force, but in preparation Poon Lim had braided the line so it would have double thickness. He also had wrapped his hands in canvas to him to make the catch. The shark attacked him after he brought it aboard the raft, after subduing the shark, Poon Lim cut it open and sucked the blood from its liverPoon Lim – Poon Lim
12. Victor Maddern – Victor Jack Maddern was an English actor, described by The Telegraph as having one of the most distinctive and eloquent faces in post-war British cinema. Born in Seven Kings, Ilford, Essex, Maddern joined the Merchant Navy at the age of 15 and served in the Second World War from 1943 until 1946 and he subsequently trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. He made his first screen appearance in Seven Days to Noon in 1950, one of his earliest stage roles was as Sam Weller in The Trial of Mr Pickwick. He also did two stints in the highly successful Agatha Christie play The Mousetrap - the longest-running production in Londons West End, from 1950 to the early 1990s, Maddern appeared in films and TV series, often portraying military types. He was usually cast as sergeants or corporals, as well as privates, seaman or airmen and he played minor roles in five Carry On films. Among his many TV roles were Private Gross in Denis Cannans Captain Carvallo, in 1963, he had a memorable guest role in Perry Mason as jewel smuggler Gilbert Tyrell, in the episode The Case of the Floating Stones. Besides acting, Maddern ran a printing business, and in 1991 opened a public speaking school. A lifelong Conservative Party voter, he offered special rates to Conservative MPs, in his later years, Maddern devoted much of his time to charitable work. He was married with four daughters and he died from a brain tumour in Hackney, London, in 1993, aged 65. Victor Maddern at the Internet Movie Database Victor Maddern Obituary in The IndependentVictor Maddern – Victor Maddern
13. John Louis Mansi – John Louis Mansi was a British television and film actor whose career spanned the years from the early 1950s to the early 1990s. Born in London to an Italian father and an Irish mother, he served in the merchant navy and he was best known for his role as Engelbert von Smallhausen in the popular BBC sitcom Allo Allo. in seasons 2 to 9. He also appeared in Department S, the Ripping Yarns story Across the Andes By Frog, and his film appearances have included The Small World of Sammy Lee, the Beatles film Help. The original version of The Italian Job, Tales from the Crypt, ended in 1992, he retired from acting. He was often credited as Louis Mansi in his roles, for six years he suffered from Parkinsons disease and in May 2010 was diagnosed with terminal lung cancer. His interests included reading, letter writing, animal welfare and watching DVDs/videos of past favourite series/films, secret People - Member of Paris Committee Hammer the Toff - The Italian The Small World of Sammy Lee - Lous assistant Heavens Above. - Man Buying Groceries Joey Boy - Tony Help, - Priest / Thug Just like a Woman The Italian Job - Computer Room Official Tales from the Crypt - 2nd Blind Man Ooh. You Are Awful - Mancini Hard Road - Kellys Father Play Me Something - Birdwatcher Louis Mansi at the Internet Movie Database Obituary in The IndependentJohn Louis Mansi – Mansi playing von Smallhausen in 'Allo 'Allo
14. Dudley Mason – Dudley William Mason GC was master of the tanker SS Ohio during the Second World War. He commanded the tanker during Operation Pedestal, a convoy to relieve Malta and he was awarded the George Cross for this operation. Dudley Mason was born into a family in Surbiton. Mason went to school in Long Ditton before going to sea as an apprentice at 17 in June 1920. In August 1942, the Ohio, a 14, 000-ton tanker belonging to the Texas Oil Company on loan to the British Ministry of War Transport, was one of 14 merchant vessels sent to aid Malta. The convoy, with naval and air escort, met enemy action on 11 August, the next day, when air attacks began, it became apparent the tanker was the main target. For four days she suffered continuous attacks from aircraft and submarines and she sustained grave damage from a torpedo, two sticks of bombs lifted her out of the water and another exploded in her boiler room. A Stuka crashed and exploded on her deck, her back was broken, captain Masons GC was not only for his personal courage and determination but for his crew. Other gallantry awards to the crew of Ohio during Operation Pedestal included a Distinguished Service Order, five Distinguished Service Crosses and seven Distinguished Service MedalsDudley Mason – Dudley W. Mason, GC
15. Kevin McClory – Kevin ODonovan McClory was an Irish screenwriter, producer, and director. McClory was best known for adapting Ian Flemings James Bond character for the screen, for producing Thunderball, McClory was born in Dún Laoghaire, County Dublin, in 1924, and suffered from dyslexia. His grandmother, Alice McClory, was related to the Brontë family. McClorys parents, Thomas John ODonovan McClory and Winifred were actors, as a teenaged radio officer in the British Merchant Navy, McClory endured attacks by German U-boats on two different occasions. The first attack occurred on 20 September 1942 was while he was serving aboard The Mathilda, a U-Boat surfaced and attacked the ship with heavy machine gun fire. The crew of the ship fired back and the U-Boat retreated, the second attack occurred on 21 February 1943 when McClory was serving on the Norwegian tanker Stigstad, which was attacked by torpedo from multiple U-boats. The ship sank and McClory and the survivors made it to a life raft. They survived in conditions for two weeks and traveled more than 600 miles before being rescued off the coast of Ireland. Two seaman died on the raft and a third died soon after they were rescued, McClory suffered severe frostbite and lost the ability to speak for more than a year after the incident. When he recovered his voice he was left with a pronounced stammer and he served out the rest of the war in the British Navy. McClory started a career at Middlesexs Shepperton Studios as a boom operator and location manager. He was an assistant to John Huston on films including The African Queen and he was an Assistant Director on Hustons version of Moby-Dick, and Associate Producer and Second Unit Director on Mike Todds Around the World in 80 Days. McClory was romantically involved with Elizabeth Taylor, although he and Taylor reportedly had plans to marry, Taylor would eventually leave him for her future husband Mike Todd. Todd and McClory fell out over Taylor yet they managed to complete the cut of the film side by side. The trio would eventually reconcile and they remained friends until Todds untimely death in 1958, in 1957 McClory led an expedition of 25 men in an attempt to drive around the world. He filmed a documentary of the adventure, One Road, as well as a series of ads for his sponsor Ford Motor Company, the team completed the journey in 104 days. He later wrote, produced and directed the 1957 film, The Boy, Bryce was a close friend of Ian Fleming. In 1958 Fleming approached McClory to produce the first Bond film, McClory rejected all of Flemings books but felt that the character James Bond could be adapted for the screenKevin McClory – Kevin McClory in 1959
16. Peter de Neumann – Commander Bernard Peter de Neumann GM was a British Royal Navy officer, convicted pirate, and latterly harbourmaster at Gravesend in Kent, and then Dockmaster at Tilbury in Essex. De Neumanns action-packed seagoing career included being sunk twice in the space of one month, being charged and convicted of piracy by the Vichy French, HMS Tewkesbury was torpedoed and sunk by gunfire from a U-69 on 21 May 1941. All of the crew survived and escaped in two boats, de Neumanns lifeboat was picked up by the American freighter SS Exhibitor and he was later transferred to HMS Cilicia. HMS Cilicia arrived at Freetown on 17 June 1941, and de Neumann volunteered as Second Officer aboard the Royal Navy prize vessel HMS Criton. HMS Criton sailed from Freetown for the UK on 19 June 1941, critons crew were escorted under armed guard to Conakry, where the executive officers were tried and found guilty of piracy by a Vichy French naval court-martial and imprisoned in Timbuktu. They managed to escape, and walked 640 kilometres up the Niger River before they were recaptured and returned to Timbuktu, de Neumann was eventually released at the end of December 1942, and arrived back in the UK aboard HMS Asturias in mid-January 1943. De Neumann received the George Medal from King George VI for his bravery while aboard HMS Tewkesbury in mid-February 1943. In 1945 he captained the ex-Luftwaffe Flak Ship Hilde on a voyage to Leningrad, as part of the division of German ships amongst the Allies, returning overland by train, from 1947 to 1953, he served as a Commander in the Royal Navy, captaining HMRC Vigilant. De Neumann began developing thoughts on the potential for a system while he was captain of HMS Vigilant. In these and other situations, rescue and intelligence gathering were severely hampered by a lack of centralised command and control, in 1953, de Neumann resigned his command of HMS Vigilant following the Spithead Review and transferred to the Port of London Authority. He then put in place a feasibility study of a system which he oversaw throughout its development and ultimate installation at Gravesend. He served as Harbourmaster, and, after his health deteriorated owing to his imprisonment in West Africa. De Neumann was commended for his handling of the rescue attempt following the sinking of the Tug Sunfish under Tower Bridge on 12 March 1960 and her stern struck, rolling her over, and she sank with the loss of her Chief Engineer. She was raised the day, refurbished, and returned to service. Another commendation came for his part in rescuing the crew of the Tug Kenia when she sank in the New Lock bellmouth, Tilbury Dock, the Crested Cock and the Kenia were undocking the Maashaven from Tilbury Dock New Entrance. The Kenia was cut from the deck to the keel in the end of the engine room starboard side. A line was passed to the head and secured. Kenia was raised by the PLA Salvage Department and scrapped and he was also commended for his valiant attempt at saving the life of a crane driver injured when his crane toppled across the open hold of a ship in Tilbury Dock on 10 March 1966Peter de Neumann – Cdr Peter de Neumann RN, HMRC Vigilant, circa 1950
17. Duncan Scott-Ford – Duncan Alexander Croall Scott-Ford was a British merchant seaman who was hanged for treachery after giving information to an enemy agent during World War II. Scott-Ford was born in Plymouth with the name Duncan Alexander Croall Smith, in June 1939 Scott-Ford was serving on HMS Gloucester which had called at Dar-es-Salaam on a goodwill visit. He met and became infatuated by a German girl, the Security Service later came to believe that he may have told her secret naval codes, repatriated to Britain to serve his sentence, Scott-Ford was released in July 1941 and stayed briefly with his mother. They quarrelled over his mothers use of the allowance from his Royal Navy pay which he sent home, shortly afterwards he joined the Merchant Navy. He was on board the SS Finland, which arrived in Lisbon on 10 May 1942. Soon after his arrival in Lisbon, he was met in a bar by a man who told him that his name was Rithman, Rithman offered Scott-Ford 1000 Portuguese escudos if he would confirm the rumour that all British ships had been ordered to be in port on 28 June. Scott-Ford undertook to try to out and to meet again the following day. Although unable to find confirmation, Scott-Ford met with Rithman and a man who called himself Captain Henley, Henley gave him a 1000-escudo note and arranged another meeting a few days later. Henley asked Scott-Ford to sign a receipt for the 1000 escudos and his ship sailed the next day, all the crew were interrogated on arrival at Liverpool to ask if they had been approached by German agents. Scott-Ford stated that he had been approached but had not cooperated, the Finland sailed for Lisbon again in July, arriving on 26 July. Scott-Ford again met up with the Germans, receiving another 500 escudos for expenses although he had unable to get the books which they had requested. The Germans threatened to give the receipts to the British consulate, Scott-Ford did give details of the convoy he had sailed in and its protection, the location of an aircraft factory, and the training of troops for an invasion of Europe. At the end of the meeting, he was told to keep a record of the movement and speed of the convoy, another meeting was arranged, but Scott-Ford was unable to keep it as the Finland sailed for Manchester. The authorities had already had word from Lisbon that an agent codenamed RUTHERFORD by the Germans had been talking, Scott-Ford admitted that he had received 1600 escudos for information. He was taken into custody and sent to the London Reception Centre, the notes which Scott-Ford had made about the convoy were found in a search of his quarters on the Finland. In order to keep Scott-Ford in custody, an order was issued under Defence Regulation 18B for him to be detained. Simpson, a historian of detention without trial, has speculated that Scott-Ford was offered his life in return for information on the Germans intelligence system. Scott-Ford was charged under the Treachery Act 1940, and after an in camera trial before Mr Justice Birkett, was convicted on 16 OctoberDuncan Scott-Ford – Duncan Scott-Ford after his arrest
18. Raymond Steed – Raymond Victor Steed was the second youngest British services recruit to die during the Second World War. He was just 14 years and 207 days old when the ship on which he was a galley boy, raymond Steed, the son of steelworker Wilfred and his wife Olive, was born on 1 October 1928, at Rimperley Terrace, St Mellons, Monmouthshire. He was one of nine children, the family later moved to Christchurch Road, Newport, near Cardiff. Steed signed up to the British Merchant Navy Reserve Pool on 29 December 1942 and he joined his first ship, the former Royal Mail Line SS Atlantis, on the same day. Steed served as a boy on the Atlantis, which had been converted into a hospital ship. He was awarded the Africa Star with clasp during Operation Torch, Steed left the ship three months later, in March 1943, to join the SS Empire Morn. Steeds service aboard Empire Morn, a 7,092 GRT catapult aircraft merchant ship built by Barrow-in-Furness-based Vickers-Armstrong Ltd in 1941, the ship sailed from Milford Haven on that day, loaded with military equipment destined for Casablanca and Gibraltar. She arrived at Casablanca on 25 April, and then set off for Gibraltar, at 9,45 p. m. on 26 April 1943, the ship hit a U-boat mine off Rabat, Morocco at 34°08′N 07°58′W. A secondary explosion damaged the stern and blew out much of the crew accommodation, german records later revealed the Morn had detonated a mine laid on 10 April 1943, by U-boat 117. When the order was given to abandon ship, a count of crew found 21 men missing. Steeds body was not discovered until two days after the tragedy, on 28 April 1943, the remains of another crewman, 18-year-old Ordinary Seaman John Gardener, were found at the same time. Both had been killed instantly in the explosions, the bodies of the remaining 19 missing sailors were never found. Steed was posthumously awarded the 1939 War Medal, the Atlantic Star, Steed and Gardener were laid to rest at Ben MSik European Cemetery in Casablanca, Morocco, on 29 April with full military honours. The captain of the Empire Morn attended the ceremony, as did his officers and members of the crew, the Empire Morn survived the war, serving as a storage hulk in Gibraltar. It was sold in 1947 to F M Pereda, of Spain, the ship was towed to Cadiz, arriving on 12 March 1947 and again renamed, this time as Rio Pas. A new stern section was added during repairs, Morn was sold on again in 1962, to Maritima Colonial y de Comercio SA, of Spain. It was finally scrapped in 1973 in Santander, Spain, a fund-raising appeal was launched to pay for a memorial statue for Steed in his home city of Newport in 2007. The appeal has been supported by the Merchant Navy Association, the city council, catalogue description for record piece BT 382/3280, The National ArchivesRaymond Steed – Raymond Steed, circa. 1937-1939.
19. George Stronach – Captain George Preston Stronach GC of the Merchant Navy was awarded the George Cross for the heroism he displayed in a rescue at sea in Tripoli Harbour on 19 March 1943. Notice of his appeared in the London Gazette on 23 November 1943. On 19 March 1943, Captain Duncan MacKellars merchant vessel, the SS Ocean Voyager, the ships large consignment of petrol and ammunition caught fire. As the captain had died in the attack, Stronach took command of the vessel after being briefly knocked out by the explosions. He sought and found surviving crew members and led them to a lifeboat and he returned yet again to rescue another man, dragging him through a porthole, along the deck and lowering him over the side to safety. He finally saved yet another member, lying unconscious in the scuppers. In all he spent an hour and twenty minutes scouring the doomed vessel for survivors in the knowledge that it could explode at any moment. Notice of Stronachs George Cross appeared in the London Gazette on 23 November 1943, These awards are held onboard HQS Wellington, berthed on the Victoria Embankment in LondonGeorge Stronach – George Cross and its ribbon bar
20. Frederick Treves (actor) – Frederick William Treves BEM was an English character actor with an extensive repertoire, specialising in avuncular, military and titled types. Treves attended the Nautical College, Pangbourne and during World War II he served in the Merchant Navy, on his first voyage his ship, the freighter Waimarama, was involved in the Operation Pedestal convoy to Malta. The Waimarama was sunk on 13 August 1942 by German bombers, the fuel on deck burst into flame. Treves helped save several of his shipmates, including the ships officer to survive the sinking. Treves, then 17 years old, received the British Empire Medal, after the war he trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. Treves was from a family, his father was a physician and his great uncle was Frederick Treves, the surgeon who became famous for discovering Joseph Merrick. In the David Lynch film The Elephant Man, the surgeon is played by Anthony Hopkins and his eldest son is the actor Simon TrevesFrederick Treves (actor) – Cambridge Jones 2005