Category:Châteaux in Yvelines
Pages in category "Châteaux in Yvelines"
The following 26 pages are in this category, out of 26 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 26 pages are in this category, out of 26 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Grand Trianon – The Grand Trianon is a château situated in the northwestern part of the Domain of Versailles. The Grand Trianon is set within its own park, which includes the Petit Trianon, in 1668, Louis XIV purchased Trianon, a hamlet on the outskirts of Versailles, and commissioned the architect Louis Le Vau to design a porcelain pavilion to be built there. The façade was made of white and blue Delft-style porcelain tiles from the French manufactures of Rouen, Lisieux, Nevers, construction began in 1670 and was finished in 1672. By 1687, the ceramic tiles had deteriorated to such a point that Louis XIV ordered the demolition of the pavilion. Commission of the work was entrusted to the architect Jules Hardouin Mansart, hardouin-Mansarts new structure was twice the size of the porcelain pavilion and the material used was red marble of Languedoc. Begun in June 1687, the new construction was finished in January 1688 and inaugurated by Louis XIV and his secret wife, the Grand Trianon would often play host to the King and his wife. The first set of Grands apartments lasted from 1688 to 1691, the next was from 1691 till 1701, then 1701 till his death at Versailles in 1715. From 1703 to 1711, the building was the residence of le Grand Dauphin, the domain was a favourite of the Duchess of Burgundy, the wife of his grandson Louis de France, the parents of Louis XV. In the later years of Louis XIVs reign, the Trianon was the residence of the Kings sister-in-law Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, Dowager Duchess of Orléans and her son, Philippe dOrléans, future son-in-law of Louis XIV and Regent of France, lived there with his mother. The Kings youngest grandson Charles de France and his wife Marie Louise Élisabeth dOrléans also resided there. In 1717, Peter the Great of Russia, who was studying the palace and gardens of Versailles, resided at the Grand Trianon, Louis XV did not bring any changes to the Grand Trianon. In 1740 and 1743, his father-in-law, Stanislas Leszczynski, former king of Poland stayed there during his visits to Versailles. Later, it was during a stay at Trianon that Louis XV fell ill before being transported to the Palace of Versailles, no more than his predecessor had, Louis XVI brought no structural modifications to the Grand Trianon. During the French Revolution of 1789, the Grand Trianon was left to neglect, at the time of the First French Empire, Napoleon made it one of his residences, and furnished it in the Empire Style. Napoleon lived at Trianon with his second wife Marie Louise of Austria, to the Hungarians, the word Trianon remains to this day the symbol of one of their worst national disasters. 1963 saw Charles de Gaulle order a renovation of the building, a popular site for tourists visiting Versailles, it is also one of the French Republic presidential residences used to host foreign officialsGrand Trianon – The Grand Trianon in 1700
2. Palace of Versailles – The Palace of Versailles, Château de Versailles, or simply Versailles, is a royal château in Versailles in the Île-de-France region of France. Versailles is therefore not only as a building, but as a symbol of the system of absolute monarchy of the Ancien Régime. First built by Louis XIII in 1623, as a lodge of brick and stone. The first phase of the expansion was designed and supervised by the architect Louis Le Vau and it culminated in the addition of three new wings of stone, which surrounded Louis XIIIs original building on the north, south, and west. After Le Vaus death in 1670, the work was taken over and completed by his assistant, charles Le Brun designed and supervised the elaborate interior decoration, and André Le Nôtre landscaped the extensive Gardens of Versailles. Le Brun and Le Nôtre collaborated on the fountains, and Le Brun supervised the design. During the second phase of expansion, two enormous wings north and south of the wings flanking the Cour Royale were added by the architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart. He also replaced Le Vaus large terrace, facing the garden on the west, with became the most famous room of the palace. The Royal Chapel of Versailles, located at the end of the north wing, was begun by Mansart in 1688. One of the most baffling aspects to the study of Versailles is the cost – how much Louis XIV, owing to the nature of the construction of Versailles and the evolution of the role of the palace, construction costs were essentially a private matter. Initially, Versailles was planned to be a residence for Louis XIV and was referred to as the kings house. Once Louis XIV embarked on his campaigns, expenses for Versailles became more of a matter for public record. To counter the costs of Versailles during the years of Louis XIVs personal reign. Accordingly, all materials that went into the construction and decoration of Versailles were manufactured in France, even the mirrors used in the decoration of the Hall of Mirrors were made in France. While Venice in the 17th century had the monopoly on the manufacture of mirrors, to meet the demands for decorating and furnishing Versailles, Colbert nationalised the tapestry factory owned by the Gobelin family, to become the Manufacture royale des Gobelins. In 1667, the name of the enterprise was changed to the Manufacture royale des Meubles de la Couronne, the Comptes meticulously list the expenditures on the silver furniture – disbursements to artists, final payments, delivery – as well as descriptions and weight of items purchased. Entries for 1681 and 1682 concerning the silver used in the salon de Mercure serve as an example. 5 In anticipation, For the silver balustrade for the bedroom,90,000 livres IIPalace of Versailles – Aerial view of the Palace from above the Gardens of Versailles
3. Chateau-Neuf de Saint-Germain-en-Laye – The Château-Neuf de Saint-Germain-en-Laye was a French chateau, now mostly demolished, which served as a royal residence from the second half of the 16th century until 1680. It was built on the grounds of the older Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, the central building, on the edge of the terrace, was ordered in 1556 by Henry II of France and Catherine de Medici and was built by Philibert de lOrme. Called in its day la maison du théâtre, a succession of terraces and he ordered from Baptiste Androuet du Cerceau an expansion of the terraces by the Seine. The French garden, spread out by the Seine on five terraces, was designed by landscape designer Étienne Dupérac, Henry II would expand Château-Neuf considerably and sojourn there regularly, while his numerous children, legitimate and bastard, lived at Château-Vieux. Catherine stopped going to the château toward the end of her life in 1589, after her astrologer, Côme Ruggieri, several days of festivals ensued with diverse games and even a bullfight. Among the guests was their son, the 9-year-old Henri de Béarn, the future Henry IV, and Henry IIs third son and it was in this château that Louis-Dieudonné, the future King Louis XIV, was born on September 5,1638. His father, Louis XIII, died there on May 14,1643, Château-Neuf was the refuge of Charles II of England in 1650, after the execution of his father. In 1668, a ceremony was organized that set off from the Château-Neuf for the baptism of the Grand Dauphin at the Sainte Chapelle of the Old Château. In 1682, the French Court left Saint-Germain for the Palace of Versailles, on January 17,1688, Louis XIV allowed the exiled James II of England to base himself at Saint-Germain. There he stayed with his court in Château-Neuf, and then in the two châteaux, until his death. In the 1770s, the dilapidated château was given by Louis XVI to his brother the Comte dArtois with the sum of 600,000 livres for work to be done on it. Demolition and reconstruction projects were carried out by the architects Joseph Bélanger et François Chalgrin, when the Revolution came, the Château was declared bien national and sold to its former manager, who demolished it, parceled out the land, and sold the materials. Nothing remains today but the Pavilion of Henry II, the Pavillon du jardiner, Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye Château Neuf de Saint Germain en Laye History, photographs, and planChateau-Neuf de Saint-Germain-en-Laye – Château-Neuf in 1637, by Auguste Alexandre Guillaumot (1815–1892) (Gallica)
4. Chapels of Versailles – The present chapel of the Palace of Versailles is the fifth in the history of the palace. These chapels evolved with the expansion of the château and formed the point of the daily life of the court during the Ancien Régime. The châteaus first chapel dated from the time of Louis XIII, today, the pièce de la vaisselle dor in the petit appartement du roi occupies the approximate emplacement of the châteaus first chapel. This chapel followed the two-story palatine model, which was traditional in France and this chapel was destroyed in 1665 during the construction of the Grotte de Thétys. The châteaus second chapel was created during Louis XIV’s second building campaign and this chapel was used by the royal family and court until 1678 at which time a new chapel was constructed, and this one was converted into the salle des gardes de la reine. Located next to the new salle des gardes de la reine, soon after its construction, Louis XIV found it inconvenient and impractical for his needs as well as those of his court, which he had officially installed at Versailles in 1682. In 1682, this room was converted into the grande salles des gardes de la reine, with the construction of the aile du Nord, the north wing of the château, a new chapel was built. Construction of the north wing necessitated the destruction of the Grotte de Thétys and this chapel remained in use until 1710, and was witness to many of the important events of the court and royal family during the reign of Louis XIV. Today the salon d’Hercule and the lower vestibule occupy the space of this site, as the focal point of Louis XIVs fourth building campaign, the fifth and final chapel of the château of Versailles is an unreserved masterpiece. Begun in 1689, construction was halted due to the War of the League of Augsburg, Hardouin-Mansart continued working on the project until his death in 1708, at which time his brother-in-law, Robert de Cotte, finished the project. Nevertheless, the magnificent interior has been widely admired to the present day, dedicated to Saint Louis, patron saint of the Bourbons, the chapel was consecrated in 1710. The tribune level is accessed by a vestibule, known as the de la chapelle. The salon de la chapelle is decorated with stone and the bas-relief sculpture, Louis XIV Crossing the Rhine by Nicolas. The sculptural and painted decoration uses both Old Testament and New Testament themes, during the 18th century, the chapel witnessed many court events. However, of all the ceremonies held in the chapel, those associated the Order of the Holy Spirit were among the most elaborate, the chapel was de-consecrated in the 19th century and has since served as a venue for state and private events. Musical concerts are held in the chapel of Versailles. The organ of the chapel of Versailles was built by Robert Clicquot. His first official presentation took place on Pentecost, Juin 8,1710, Du Roy-Soleil à la Révolution, l’orgue de la Chapelle royale de Versailles / From the Sun King to the Revolution, the organ of the Royal Chapel of VersaillesChapels of Versailles – Versailles' chapel is one of the palace's grandest interiors. This is the view as seen from the tribune royale, where the king and members of the royal family heard mass.