Category:Consolidated city-counties in the United States
Pages in category "Consolidated city-counties in the United States"
The following 23 pages are in this category, out of 23 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 23 pages are in this category, out of 23 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Anchorage, Alaska – Anchorage is a unified home rule municipality in the U.S. state of Alaska. All together, the Anchorage metropolitan area, which combines Anchorage with the neighboring Matanuska-Susitna Borough, had a population of 396,142 in 2013. The city limits span 1,961.1 square miles which encompass almost all of Chugach State Park. Anchorage has been named four times, in 1956, 2002, by the National Civic League. It has also been named by Kiplinger as the most tax-friendly city in the United States. Russian presence in south central Alaska was well established in the 19th century. In 1867, U. S. Secretary of State William H. Seward brokered a deal to purchase Alaska from Imperial Russia for $7.2 million. His political rivals lampooned the deal as "Seward's folly", "Seward's icebox" and "Walrussia". By 1888, gold was discovered along Turnagain Arm. Alaska became a United States territory in 1912. Anchorage, unlike every large town in Alaska south of the Brooks Range, was neither camp. The area surrounding Anchorage lacks significant economic metal minerals. A number of Dena'ina settlements existed along Knik Arm for years. Jack Brown, his bride, Nellie, in 1912 to have lived in the Ship Creek valley in the 1910s prior to the large influx of settlers. The area near the mouth of Ship Creek, where the railroad headquarters was located, quickly became a tent city.Anchorage, Alaska – Anchorage skyline and Bootleggers Cove as photographed from Point Woronzof Park on an April evening.
2. Athens, Georgia – The state's public university, contributed to its initial growth. As of the 2010 census, the consolidated city-county had a total population of 115,452; all of Clarke County had a population of 116,714. Athens-Clarke County has the smallest geographical area of a county in Georgia. In the late 18th century, a trading settlement on the banks of the Oconee River called Cedar Shoals stood where Athens is located today. On January 27, 1785, the Georgia General Assembly granted a charter by Abraham Baldwin for the University of Georgia as the first state-supported university. On July 25, John Milledge, one of the trustees and later governor of Georgia, bought 633 acres from Daniel Easley and donated it to the university. Milledge named the surrounding area Athens after the city, home to the academy of Plato and Aristotle in Greece. The first buildings on the University of Georgia campus were made from logs. The town grew as lots adjacent to the college were sold to raise money for the additional construction of the school. Completed in 1806 and named in honor of Benjamin Franklin, Franklin College was the University of Georgia's and the City of Athens' first permanent structure. This brick building is now known as Old College. Athens officially became a town in December 1806 with a government made up of a three-member commission. The university continued to grow, as did the town, with cotton mills fueling the industrial and commercial development. Athens became known as the "Manchester of the South" after the city in England known for its mills. The university essentially created a chain reaction of growth in the community which developed on its doorstep.Athens, Georgia – Historic American Buildings of Athens in 1936
3. Augusta, Georgia – It is in the piedmont section of the state. The city was named after Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. According to 2012 US Census estimates, the Augusta–Richmond County population was 197,872, not counting the unconsolidated cities of Hephzibah and Blythe. It is the 116th-largest city in the United States. Internationally, Augusta is best known for hosting The Masters golf tournament each spring. The area along the river was long inhabited by varying cultures of indigenous peoples, who relied on the river for fish, water and transportation. The site of Augusta was used by Native Americans as a place to cross the Savannah River, because of its location on the fall line. In 1735, two years after James Oglethorpe founded Savannah, he sent a detachment of troops to explore the upper Savannah River. He gave them an order to build at the head of the navigable part of the river. Oglethorpe named the town Augusta, in honor of Princess Augusta, wife of Frederick, Prince of Wales. Oglethorpe visited Augusta once, in September 1739. Augusta was the second state capital of Georgia from 1785 until 1795. Augusta developed rapidly as a market town as the Black Belt in the Piedmont was developed for cotton cultivation. Invention of the cotton gin made processing of short-staple cotton profitable, this type of cotton was well-suited to the upland areas. In the mid-20th century, it was a site of civil rights demonstrations.Augusta, Georgia
4. Broomfield, Colorado – The City and County of Broomfield is a consolidated city and county in the U.S. state of Colorado. Broomfield has a consolidated government which operates under Article XX, Sections 10-13 of the Constitution of the State of Colorado. The population was 55,889 at the 2010 United States Census. Broomfield is the 16th most populous municipality and the 13th most populous county in Colorado. Broomfield is a part of the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The municipality of Broomfield was incorporated in 1961 in the southeastern corner of Boulder County. While it is unsure how it received its name, most researchers guess it's from the broomcorn grown in the area. Over the next three decades, the city grew through annexations, many of which crossed the county line into three adjacent counties: Adams, Jefferson and Weld. It also had longstanding political differences with Boulder County, which impelled it to separate. The amendment was passed in 1998, after which a three-year transition period followed. On November 2001, Broomfield County became the 64th, smallest county of Colorado. It is also the newest county in the United States. Broomfield is located at 105 ° 3 57 ″ W. The elevation in Broomfield ranges from 5,096 up to 5,856 feet. It is the smallest county by area in Colorado and the 5th smallest in the United States.Broomfield, Colorado – City and County of Broomfield, Colorado
5. Butte, Montana – Butte /ˈbjuːt/ is a city in, the county seat of Silver Bow County, Montana, United States. In 1977, the county governments consolidated to form the sole entity of Butte-Silver Bow. As of the 2010 census, Butte's population was approximately 34,200. Butte is Montana's fifth largest city. Unlike most such towns, Butte's urban landscape includes mining operations set within residential areas, making the environmental consequences of the economy all the more apparent. Despite the dominance of the Anaconda Company, Butte was never a town. It prided itself of rough-and-tumble individualism. Butte was one in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Silver Bow County peaked at 100,000 in 1920. The population steadily stabilized. In 2013, the population remains at 34,200. The city is served by Bert Mooney Airport with code BTM. The small town was often called "the Richest Hill on Earth". It was the largest city for many hundreds of miles in all directions. The city attracted workers from Cornwall, Ireland, Wales, Lebanon, Canada, Finland, Austria, Serbia, Italy, China, Syria, Croatia, Montenegro, Mexico, all areas of the U.S.Butte, Montana – Butte viewed from the campus of Montana Tech
6. Columbus, Georgia – Columbus is a city in the U.S. state of Georgia and the county seat of Muscogee County, with which it is consolidated. According to the 2013 estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, it has a population of 202,824 residents, with 316,554 in the greater Columbus-Phenix City metropolitan area. The area joins the nearby Alabama cities of Auburn and Opelika to form the Columbus-Auburn-Opelika Combined Statistical Area, which has an estimated population of 501,649. It is directly to the east across the Chattahoochee River from Alabama. Situated at the heart of the Chattahoochee Valley, it is fourth-largest metropolitan area. It lies 100 miles southwest of Atlanta. Home of the United States Army Infantry School and a major employer, is located south of the city in Chattahoochee County. It is home including the National Infantry Museum, dedicated to the United States Army's Infantry Branch. Columbus has the longest urban whitewater course in the world constructed on the Chattahoochee River. Those who lived closest to white-occupied areas adopted some European-American ways. The city was named for its founders likely influenced by the writings of Washington Irving. The plan for the city was drawn up by Dr. Edwin L. DeGraffenried, who placed the town on a bluff overlooking the river. The city's commercial importance increased with the arrival of the railroad. In addition, textile mills were developed along the river, bringing industry upon agriculture. During the war, it ranked second to Richmond in the manufacture of supplies for the Confederate army.Columbus, Georgia – Downtown Columbus skyline on the banks of the Chattahoochee River
7. Denver – Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Colorado. The longitudinal reference for the Mountain Time Zone, passes directly through Denver Union Station. Denver is ranked by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. The 10-county Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area ranked as the 19th most populous U.S. metropolitan statistical area. The 12-city Denver-Aurora, CO Combined Statistical Area had an estimated 2015 population of 3,418,876, which ranks as the 16th most populous U.S. metropolitan area. In 2016, Denver was named the best place to live by U.S. News & World Report. This was the first settlement in what was later to become the city of Denver. By the summer of 1859 it was abandoned in favor of Auraria, St. Charles City. Larimer named Denver City to curry favor with Kansas Territorial Governor James W. Denver. The location was across the South Platte River from the site of seasonal encampments of the Cheyenne and Arapaho. The site of these first towns is now the site of Confluence Park near downtown Denver. Denver City was a town, with an economy based on servicing local miners with gambling, saloons, livestock and goods trading. In the early years, land parcels were often gambled away by miners in Auraria. In May 1859, Denver City residents donated 53 lots to the Leavenworth & Pike's Peak Express in order to secure the region's overland wagon route. Offering daily service for "passengers, mail, gold," the Express reached Denver on a trail that trimmed westward travel time from twelve days to six.Denver – Top to Bottom, Left to Right: Denver Skyline, Colorado State Capitol, Red Rocks Amphitheatre, Sports Authority Field at Mile High, RTD Light Rail train Downtown.
8. Georgetown, Quitman County, Georgia – Georgetown is a city in Quitman County, Georgia, United States. It is at the Alabama-Georgia line next to Walter F. George Lake. The population was 973 at the 2000 census. In 2006, Georgetown and Quitman County voted becoming the smallest such consolidated entity in the Lower 48 states. Settled in the early 1830s, Georgetown was first named Tobanana for the nearby creek. The Tobanana Post Office was established on January 1833. On September 21, 1836, the name of the town was changed to "Georgetown" after the historic neighborhood in Washington, D.C. Georgetown was designated in 1859 as the county seat of Quitman County and was laid out as a town by order of the Inferior Court. The town was incorporated by an act of the legislature on December 1859. Georgetown was destroyed by fire in 1903; every building except for three houses were destroyed. As of the census of 2000, there were 973 people, 274 families residing in the city. The population density was 355.0 people per square mile. There were 554 housing units at an average density of 202.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 60.02 % African American, 0.10 % Asian, 0.10 % from two or more races. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.Georgetown, Quitman County, Georgia – Georgetown in 2012.
9. Hartsville, Tennessee – Hartsville is a town in Trousdale County, Tennessee, United States. It is the seat of Trousdale County, with which it shares a consolidated city-county government. The population of Hartsville was 2,369 as of 2010. Hartsville now shares with Trousdale County a city-county government by virtue of a referendum which passed in Trousdale County in 2000. Under Tennessee law, Hartsville is also considered to be a distinct municipality. Trousdale County High School is located here, well a Tennessee Colleges of Applied Technology campus operated by the Tennessee Board of Regents. Hartsville is approximately fifty miles northeast of Nashville. In 1977, the Tennessee Valley Authority cancelled the project in 1984 after spending nearly $2 billion. The plant's unused tower dominates the view south from State Route 25 between Smith County and Trousdale County. The town was initially known as Donoho's Mill. James Hart purchased the Donoho property in 1800. Hartsville was officially recognized as a town in 1817. Donoho's Mill, on the east bank of the creek, had become known as "Damascus," although it merged with Hartsville in 1840 when Hartsville officially incorporated. During the Civil War, Hartsville was site of the Battle of Hartsville, which took place in 1862. Trousdale County is serviced by three public schools: Trousdale County High School, Jim B.Hartsville, Tennessee – Downtown Hartsville
10. Honolulu County, Hawaii – Honolulu County is a consolidated city–county located in the U.S. state of Hawaii. The consolidated city-county was established in the city charter adopted in 1907 and accepted by the Legislature of the Territory of Hawaiʻi. As a municipal corporation and jurisdiction it manages aspects of government traditionally exercised by both municipalities and counties in the rest of the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 953,207. Because of Hawaii's municipal structure, the United States Census Bureau divides Honolulu County into several census-designated places for statistical purposes. The county motto is Haʻaheo No ʻO Honolulu. However, the majority of this area is the Pacific Ocean that surrounds the islands. For 2013, the county has an annual operating budget of US$2.16 billion. The government of Honolulu County is simplified and streamlined and coalesces at three major divisions of municipal power. The mayor of Honolulu is the principal executor of administrative authority. The mayor is elected on a non-partisan basis to a four-year term. The Honolulu City Council is the unicameral legislative body. Its elected members are responsible for drafting and passing laws, as well as proposing budgets for various departments. The nine council members each represent one of nine districts, are elected on a non-partisan basis to staggered four-year terms. The prosecuting attorney is elected on a non-partisan basis to a four-year term.Honolulu County, Hawaii – Downtown Honolulu, the city and county urban center, in 2007.
11. Indianapolis – Indianapolis, is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County. It is in the East North Central region of the Midwestern United States. With an estimated population of 853,173 in 2015, Indianapolis is the second most populous city in the Midwest, after Chicago, 14th largest in the U.S. Its combined statistical area ranks 26th, with 2.4 million inhabitants. Indianapolis covers 372 square miles, making it the 16th largest city by land area in the U.S. Indianapolis is within a single-day drive of 70 percent of the nation's population, lending to its nickname as the "Crossroads of America." Indianapolis has developed niche markets in auto racing. The city is perhaps best known for annually hosting the Indianapolis 500. Since the 1970 city-county consolidation, known as Unigov, local administration has operated under the direction of an elected 25-member city-county council, headed by the mayor. Indianapolis is considered a "high sufficiency" global city. In 1816, the year Indiana gained statehood, the U.S. Congress donated four sections of federal land to establish a permanent seat of government. This tract of land, called the New Purchase, included the site selected for the new capital in 1820. The availability of federal lands for purchase in central Indiana attracted settlers, many of them descendants of families from northwestern Europe. Although many of these first American setters were Protestants, a large proportion of the early Irish and German immigrants were Catholics. Few African Americans lived before 1840.Indianapolis – The Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument looms over the intersection of Washington and Meridian streets (1904).
12. Jacksonville, Florida – Jacksonville is a seaport city and the seat of Duval County, Florida, United States. With an estimated 868,031 residents as of 2015, Jacksonville is the most populous city in both the state of Florida and the southeastern United States. It is estimated to be the 12th most populous city in the United States and is the largest city by area in the contiguous United States. The Jacksonville metropolitan area has a population of 1,573,606 and is the 40th largest in the United States and fourth largest in the state of Florida. Prior to European settlement the Jacksonville area was inhabited by Native American people known as the Timucua. In 1822, a year after the United States gained Florida from Spain, the town of Jacksonville was platted along the St. Johns River. Jacksonville is the cultural, commercial and financial center of North Florida. The city's riverine location supports the Port of Florida's third largest seaport. The two US Navy bases, Blount Island Command and the nearby Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay, form the third largest military presence in the United States. Jacksonville is also home to several colleges and universities, most notably the University of North Florida, located southeast of downtown. The area of the modern city of Jacksonville has been inhabited for thousands of years. In the 16th century, the beginning of the historical era, the region was inhabited by the Mocama, a coastal subgroup of the Timucua people. French Huguenot explorer Jean Ribault charted the St. Johns River in 1562 calling it the River of May because he discovered it in May. Ribault erected a stone column near present-day Jacksonville claiming the newly discovered land for France. In 1564, René Goulaine de Laudonnière established the first European settlement, Fort Caroline, on the St. Johns near the main village of the Saturiwa.Jacksonville, Florida – Jacksonville was named after President Andrew Jackson in 1832.
13. Kansas City, Kansas – It is part of a consolidated city-county government known as the "Unified Government". Wyandotte County also includes the independent cities of Bonner Springs and Edwardsville. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 145,786 residents. It is situated at Kaw Point, the junction of the Missouri and Kansas rivers. In October 1872, "old" Kansas City, Kansas, was incorporated. The mayors of the city after its organization were James Boyle, C. A. Eidemiller, Samuel McConnell. In June 1880, the Governor of Kansas proclaimed the city of Kansas City a city of the second class with Mayor McConnell present. In March 1886, Kansas, was formed through the consolidation of five municipalities: Armstrong, Armourdale, Riverview, Wyandotte. The oldest city of the group was Wyandotte, formed by Methodist missionaries. In 1997, voters approved a proposition to unify the city and county governments creating the Unified Government of Wyandotte County. Armourdale − formerly a city, it was consolidated with the city of Kansas City in 1886. Armstrong − a town absorbed by Wyandotte. Bethel − a neighborhood located generally along Leavenworth Rd. between 72nd and 77th Streets. It was never incorporated as a municipality. Fairfax District − an industrial area along the Missouri River.Kansas City, Kansas – Downtown Kansas City on the hill above the I-70 Lewis and Clark Viaduct from Quality Hill. The tallest building on the right is Cross Lines Tower. The tallest building on the left is City Hall. The columned building by it is the Wyandotte County courthouse. (2006)
14. Lexington, Kentucky – Lexington, consolidated with Fayette County, is the second-largest city in Kentucky and the 61st largest in the United States. Known as the "Horse Capital of the World", it is the heart of the state's Bluegrass region. In the 2015 U.S. Census Estimate, the city's population was 314,488, anchoring a metropolitan area of 500,535 people and a combined statistical area of 723,849 people. Lexington ranks tenth among US cities in college education rate, with 39.5% of residents having at least a bachelor's degree. This area of fertile soil and abundant wildlife was long occupied by varying tribes of Native Americans. Settlers did not come until the late 18th century. Lexington was founded in what was then considered Fincastle County, Virginia, 17 years before Kentucky became a state. A party of frontiersmen, led by William McConnell, camped on the Middle Fork of Elkhorn Creek at the site of the present-day McConnell Springs. Upon hearing of the colonists' victory on April 1775, they named their campsite Lexington. It was the first of what would be many American places to be named after the Massachusetts town. The risk of Indian attacks delayed permanent settlement for four years. During the American Revolutionary War, 25 companions came from Fort Harrod and erected a blockhouse. They built cabins and a stockade, establishing a settlement known as Bryan Station. In 1780, Lexington was made the seat of Virginia's newly organized Fayette County. Colonists defended it during the last part of the American Revolutionary War.Lexington, Kentucky – Clockwise from bottom left: Mary Todd Lincoln House, Lexington Center, Lexington Financial Center, Victorian Square, Keeneland, Henry Clay Grave
15. Louisville, Kentucky – Louisville is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the 30th-most populous city in the United States. It is one of two cities in Kentucky designated as the other being the state's second-largest city of Lexington. Louisville is the historical seat and, since 2003, the nominal seat of Jefferson County. It was the founding city of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, which grew across 13 states. Its main airport is also the site of United Parcel Service's worldwide hub. Since 2003, Louisville's borders have been the same as those of Jefferson County because of a city-county merger. The official name of this city-county government is the Louisville/Jefferson County Metro Government, abbreviated to Louisville Metro. The city's consolidated population as of the 2014 census estimate was 760,026. As of 2014, the MSA had a population of 1,269,702, ranking 43rd nationally. The history of Louisville has been influenced by the area's geography and location. As a result, settlements grew up at this stopping point. Several landmarks in the community are named after him. Two years later, in 1780, the Virginia General Assembly approved the charter of Louisville. The city was named in honor of King Louis XVI of France, whose soldiers were then aiding Americans in the Revolutionary War. Early residents moved out by the late 1780s.Louisville, Kentucky – From top: Louisville downtown skyline at night, Cathedral of the Assumption, Thunder Over Louisville fireworks during the Kentucky Derby Festival, Kentucky Derby, Louisville Slugger Museum & Factory, Fourth Street Live!, The Kentucky Center for the Performing Arts
16. Lynchburg, Tennessee – Lynchburg is a city in the south-central region of the U.S. state of Tennessee. It is governed by a consolidated city-county government unit whose boundaries coincide with those of Moore County. Despite the operational distillery, a major tourist attraction, Lynchburg's home county of Moore is a dry county. The population was 6,362 at the 2010 census. Lynchburg is part of the Tullahoma, Tennessee Micropolitan Statistical Area. The downtown area is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Lynchburg Historic District. Settlers first arrived in the Lynchburg area around 1801. Main Street was originally the main road, roughly followed the route of East Fork Mulberry Creek. Residences were generally located in the western half of Lynchburg, while industries were situated along the creek in the eastern half. One early settler, Thomas Roundtree, established a cotton mill along the creek in the vicinity of the modern Jack Daniel's Distillery. By the 1830s, another settler, William P. Long, was operating a gristmill and cotton gin. Early Lynchburg was also home to a large tannery. The origin of the city's name is unclear. An article in an 1876 issue of the Lynchburg Sentinel suggests an early settler named the city after his native Lynchburg, Virginia. The WPA Guide to Tennessee states the city was named after an early resident named Tom Lynch.Lynchburg, Tennessee – 1913 commercial block on the courthouse square
17. Macon, Georgia – Macon /ˈmeɪkən/ is a city located in the state of Georgia, United States. Macon lies near the geographic center of the state, approximately 85 miles south of Atlanta, hence the city's nickname "the Heart of Georgia." Settled near the fall line of the Ocmulgee River, Macon is the county seat of Bibb County and had a 2014 estimated population of 153,691. Macon is the principal city of the Macon metropolitan area, which had an estimated population of 231,259 in 2014. In a 2012 referendum, voters approved the consolidation of Macon and Bibb County, Macon became Georgia's fourth-largest city. The two governments officially merged on January 1, 2014. Macon is served by three interstate highways: I-16, I-75, I-475. The city has several institutions of higher education, as well as numerous museums and tourism sites. The area is served by the Middle Georgia Regional Airport and the Herbert Smart Downtown Airport. The mayor of Macon is Robert Reichert, a former Democratic member of the Georgia House of Representatives. Reichert was elected mayor of the newly consolidated city of Macon–Bibb, he took office on January 1, 2014. Macon lies on the site of the Ocmulgee Old Fields, where the historic Creek Indians lived in the 18th century. The Mississippian culture, built a powerful chiefdom constructed earthwork mounds for ceremonial, religious purposes. The areas along the rivers in the Southeast had been inhabited by varying cultures of indigenous peoples for 13,000 years before Europeans arrived. He lived among the Creek and had a Creek wife.Macon, Georgia – Downtown Macon
18. Nashville, Tennessee – Nashville is the capital of the U.S. state of Tennessee and the county seat of Davidson County. It is located on the Cumberland River in the north central part of the state. The city is a center for the music, healthcare, publishing, banking and transportation industries, home to numerous colleges and universities. Reflecting the city's position in state government, Nashville is home to the Tennessee Supreme Court's courthouse for Middle Tennessee. It is known as a center of the country music industry, earning it the nickname "Music City U.S.A." Since 1963, Nashville has had a consolidated city-county government which includes six smaller municipalities in a two-tier system. Nashville is governed by a mayor, vice-mayor, 40-member Metropolitan Council. Thirty-five of the members are elected from single-member districts; five are elected at-large. According to 2015 estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, the total consolidated city-county population stood at 678,889. The "balance" population, which excludes semi-independent municipalities within Nashville, was 654,610. The 2015 population of the Nashville metropolitan area was 1,830,345, making the largest metropolitan statistical area in the state. The 2015 population of the Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro–Columbia combined statistical area, a larger trade area, was 1,951,644. It was named for Francis Nash, the American Revolutionary War hero. By 1800, the city had 345 residents, including 136 African American slaves and 14 free blacks. In 1806, Nashville became the seat of Tennessee.Nashville, Tennessee – From top left: 2nd Avenue, Kirkland Hall at Vanderbilt University, the Parthenon, the Nashville skyline, Nissan Stadium, Dolly Parton performing at the Grand Ole Opry, and Ryman Auditorium
19. New Orleans – New Orleans is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana. The population of the city was 343,829 as of the 2010 U.S. Census. The New Orleans metropolitan area had a population of 1,167,764 in 2010 and was the 46th largest in the United States. The New Orleans -- Metairie -- a larger area, had a 2010 population of 1,452,502. It is well known for its distinct French and Spanish Creole architecture, well as its cross-cultural and heritage. Festivals, most notably Mardi Gras, dating to colonial times. The city is often referred to as the "most unique" in the United States. New Orleans is located in southeastern Louisiana, straddling the Mississippi River. The city and Orleans Parish are coterminous. Lake Pontchartrain, part of, included in the city limits, lies to the north and Lake Borgne lies to the east. Before Hurricane Katrina, Orleans Parish was the most populous parish in Louisiana. It now ranks third in population, trailing neighboring Jefferson Parish, East Baton Rouge Parish. It was named for Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, Regent of the Kingdom of France at the time. His title came from the French city of Orléans. The French colony was ceded to the Spanish Empire in the Treaty of Paris.New Orleans – From top left: A typical New Orleans mansion off St. Charles Avenue, a streetcar passing by Loyola University and Tulane University, the skyline of the Central Business District, Jackson Square, and a view of Royal Street in the French Quarter
20. Philadelphia – Philadelphia is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the fifth-most populous in the United States, with an estimated population in 2014 of 1,560,297. In 1682, William Penn founded the city to serve as capital of the Pennsylvania Colony. Philadelphia was one of the nation's capitals in the Revolutionary War, served as temporary U.S. capital while Washington, D.C. was under construction. In the 19th century, Philadelphia became a industrial center and hub that grew from an influx of European immigrants. It surpassed million occupants by 1950. As a result, the economic base of Philadelphia, which had historically been manufacturing, declined significantly. In addition, consolidation in several American industries reduced the number of companies headquartered in Philadelphia. The economic impact of these changes would reduce Philadelphia's tax base and the resources of local government. The city in fact approached bankruptcy in the late 1980s. Revitalization began with gentrification reversing its decades-long trend of population loss. The area's many colleges make a top international study destination, as the city has evolved into an educational and economic hub. With a domestic product of $ billion, Philadelphia ranks ninth among world cities and fourth in the nation. Philadelphia is home to Fortune 1000 companies. The Philadelphia skyline is growing, with a market of almost 81,900 commercial properties in 2016 including several nationally prominent skyscrapers. The city is known for history, attracting over 39 million domestic tourists in 2013.Philadelphia – From top left, the Philadelphia skyline, a statue of Benjamin Franklin, the Liberty Bell, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia City Hall, and Independence Hall
21. San Francisco – San Francisco is about 47.9 square miles in area. It is located on the north end of the San Francisco Peninsula. It is the smallest county in the state. The California Gold Rush of 1849 brought rapid growth, making it the largest city on the West Coast at the time. San Francisco became a consolidated city-county in 1856. After three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and fire, San Francisco was quickly rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. In World War II, San Francisco was the port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater. Politically, the city votes strongly along liberal Democratic Party lines. As of 2016, San Francisco is ranked high on world liveability rankings. The earliest archaeological evidence of human habitation of the territory of the city of San Francisco dates to 3000 BC. Upon independence from Spain in 1821, the area became part of Mexico. Under Mexican rule, the mission system gradually ended, its lands became privatized. In 1835, Englishman William Richardson erected the independent homestead, near a anchorage around what is Portsmouth Square. Commodore John D. Sloat claimed California for the United States on July 7, 1846, during the Mexican–American War, Captain John B. Montgomery arrived to claim Yerba Buena two days later.San Francisco – San Francisco and the Golden Gate Bridge from Marin Headlands