Category:Deaths by stabbing in France
Pages in category "Deaths by stabbing in France"
The following 15 pages are in this category, out of 15 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 15 pages are in this category, out of 15 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Shapour Bakhtiar – Shapour Bakhtiar was an Iranian politician who served as the last Prime Minister of Iran under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. His secretary were murdered in his home in Suresnes, near Paris. His father was Mohammad Reza Khan, his mother Naz-Baygom, Bakhtiaris. Najaf-Gholi Khan Samsam ol-Saltaneh, had been appointed prime minister twice, in 1912 and 1918. Bakhtiar's mother died when he was seven years old. His father was executed by Reza Shah in 1934 while Shapour was studying in Paris. Bakhtiar attended Beirut University for two years. Teymour Bakhtiar, then went to Paris for additional university education. There, Bakhtiar attended the College of Political Science. Being a opponent of totalitarian rule, Bakhtiar was active in the Spanish Civil War for the Second Spanish Republic against General Francisco Franco's fascism. Later Bakhtiar fought in the 30th Artillerie Regiment of Orleans. While living in Saint-Nicolas-du-Pélem, Bakhtiar fought against the German occupation. In 1945, Bakhtiar received his PhD from the Sorbonne. He returned in 1946. In 1951 Bakhtiar was appointed director of the labor department by the ministry of labor.Shapour Bakhtiar – Shapour Bakhtiar
2. Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry – He was assassinated by an anti-royal Bonapartist. Charles Ferdinand d'Artois, Duke of Berry, was born at Versailles. However, during the Restoration, as his father was heir presumptive to the crown, he was allowed the higher rank of a fils de France. His maternal grandparents were Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonietta of Spain. She was the youngest daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese. Since he was already dead when his father became king, he and his surviving daughter always had "Artois" as surname. He afterwards joined the Russian army, in 1801 took up his residence in England, where he remained for thirteen years. In 1814, the duke set out for France. He was, however, unable to retain the loyalty of his troops, retired to Ghent during the Hundred Days war. Three children were born before the duke's death, with one surviving infancy. His daughter, Louise d'Artois, born in 1819, married Charles III of Parma. The assassin was a maker named a Bonapartist opposed to the monarchy. With his wife, the Duke of Berry had four children, of whom only two survived for more than a day: HRH Louise Élisabeth d'Artois. HRH Louis d'Artois. HRH Louise Marie Thérèse d'Artois; married Charles III, Duke of Parma.Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry – Charles Ferdinand d'Artois, miniature of Jean-Baptiste Jacques Augustin
3. Gaspard II de Coligny – Coligny came of a noble family of Burgundy. His family traced their descent from the 11th century, in the reign of Louis XI, were in the service of the King of France. The present British Royal Family also directly descends from him. Every monarchy in Europe currently has Coligny's blood embodied on its throne. Born at Châtillon-sur-Loing in 1519, Gaspard came to court at the age of 22 and began a friendship with François of Guise. In the campaign of 1543 Coligny distinguished himself, was wounded at the sieges of Montmédy and Bains. That year he married Charlotte de Laval. He was made admiral on the death of Claude d'Annebaut. In 1557 he was entrusted with the defence of Saint-Quentin. In the siege he displayed great courage, resolution, strength of character; but the place was taken, he was imprisoned in the stronghold of L'Ecluse. On payment of a ransom of 50,000 crowns he recovered his liberty. The Coligny brothers were the aristocratic supporters of Protestantism in sixteenth-century France. By this time he had become a Huguenot, through the influence of his brother, d'Andelot. The known letter which John Calvin addressed to him is dated September 1558. Gaspard de Coligny secretly focused on protecting his co-religionists, by attempting to establish colonies abroad in which Huguenots could find a refuge.Gaspard II de Coligny – Gaspard II de Coligny
4. Henry III of France – He was the last French monarch of the Valois dynasty. As the fourth son of King Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici, Henry was not expected to assume the throne of France. Henry's rule over Poland was brief, but notable. The Henrician Articles he signed into law accepting the Polish throne established Poland as an elective monarchy subject to free election by the Polish nobility. Of his three older brothers, two would live long enough to ascend the French throne, but both died young and without a legitimate male heir. He abandoned Poland upon receiving word that he had inherited the throne of France at the age of 22. Henry III was himself a politique, arguing that a strong and religiously tolerant monarchy would save France from collapse. Henry III's legitimate heir was his distant cousin Henry, King of Navarre, a Protestant. His older brothers were Francis II of France, Charles IX of France, Louis of Valois. He was made Duke of Angoulême and Duke of Orléans in 1560, then Duke of Anjou in 1566. He was his mother's favourite; she called him chers yeux and lavished fondness and affection upon him for most of his life. His elder brother, Charles, grew to detest him, partially because he resented his better health. In his youth, Henry was considered the best of the sons of Catherine de' Medici and Henry II. Unlike his father and elder brothers, he had little interest in the traditional Valois pastimes of hunting and physical exercise. Although he was both fond of fencing and skilled in it, he preferred to indulge his tastes for the arts and reading.Henry III of France – Henry III when Duke of Anjou by François Clouet
5. Henry IV of France – Henry IV, also known by the epithet "Good King Henry", was King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. Henry was the French monarch of the House of a branch of the Capetian dynasty. Henry, as Head of the House of Bourbon, was a male-line descendant of "first prince of the blood". Upon distant cousin Henry III of France in 1589, he was called by the Salic law. He initially kept the Protestant faith and had to fight against the Catholic League, which denied that he could wear France's crown as a Protestant. To obtain mastery over his kingdom, after four years of stalemate, he found it prudent to abjure the Calvinist faith. As a pragmatic politician, he displayed an unusual religious tolerance for the era. Notably, he promulgated the Edict of Nantes, which guaranteed religious liberties to Protestants, thereby effectively ending the Wars of Religion. He was assassinated by a fanatical Catholic, was succeeded by his son Louis XIII. Considered a usurper by some Catholics and a traitor by some Protestants, Henry became target of at least 12 assassination attempts. The "Good King Henry" was remembered for his geniality and his great concern about the welfare of his subjects. He was celebrated in the popular song Vive le roi Henri and in Voltaire's Henriade. Henry was born in Pau, the capital of the joint Kingdom of Navarre with the sovereign principality of Béarn. His parents were her consort, Antoine de Bourbon, King of Navarre. Although baptised as a Roman Catholic, he was raised by his mother, who had declared the religion of Navarre.Henry IV of France – Henry IV
6. Jean-Marie Leclair – Jean-Marie Leclair l'aîné, also known as Jean-Marie Leclair the Elder, was a Baroque violinist and composer. He is considered to have founded the French school. His brothers the younger, Pierre Leclair and Jean-Benoît Leclair were also musicians. Leclair left to study dance and the violin in Turin. In 1716, he married a dancer, who died about 1728. Leclair had returned in 1723 where he played at the Concert Spirituel, the main semi-public music series. His works included several sonatas for flute and continuo. In 1730, Leclair married for the second time. His new wife was the engraver Louise Roussel, who prepared for printing all his works from Opus 2 onward. Named ordinaire de la in 1733, Leclair resigned in 1737 after a clash with Guidon over control of the musique du Roy. He returned in 1743. Scylla et Glaucus was first performed in 1746 and has been revived in modern times. Leclair was renowned as a composer. He successfully drew upon all of Europe's national styles. Many suites, concertos survive along with his opera, while some vocal works, ballets, other stage music is lost.Jean-Marie Leclair – Jean-Marie Leclair
7. Jean-Paul Marat – Marat was one of the most radical voices of the French Revolution. He was assassinated while taking a medicinal bath for his debilitating skin condition. In his death, he became an icon as a revolutionary martyr as portrayed in Jacques-Louis David's famous painting, The Death of Marat. For this assassination, Corday was executed four days later, on 17 July 1793. Jean-Paul Marat was born on 24 May 1743. Marat was the second of nine children born from Castres. His father was religious refugee who converted to Calvinism in Geneva. At the age of sixteen, he left home in search of new opportunities, aware of the limited opportunities for outsiders. His highly educated father had been turned down for several teaching posts. His first stop was with the Nairac family in Bordeaux. After two years there Marat moved on to Paris where he studied medicine without gaining any formal qualifications. Highly ambitious, but without patronage or qualifications, Marat set about inserting himself into the intellectual scene with works on philosophy and political theory. Around 1770, he moved upon Tyne. It earned honorary membership of the patriotic societies of Berwick-upon-Tweed, Carlisle and Newcastle. Tyne and Wear Archives Service holds three presented to the various Newcastle guilds.Jean-Paul Marat – Jean-Paul Marat
8. Petrus Ramus – Petrus Ramus was an influential French humanist, logician, educational reformer. A Protestant convert, he was killed during the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre. He was born in Picardy; his father was a farmer. He gained admission to the Collège de Navarre working as a servant. A reaction against scholasticism was at a transitional time for Aristotelianism. According to Ong this kind of spectacular thesis was in fact routine at the time. So, Ong raises questions as to whether Ramus actually ever delivered this thesis. Ramus, as graduate of the university, started courses of lectures. At this period he was engaged in separate controversies. One opponent in 1543 was the Benedictine Joachim Périon. He was accused, of undermining the foundations of philosophy and religion. A pupil and friend of Ramus, defended him against Charpentier. Ramus was made over two days. The matter was brought before the parlement of Paris, finally before Francis I. By him it was referred to a commission of five, who found Ramus guilty of having "acted rashly, arrogantly and impudently," and interdicted his lectures.Petrus Ramus – Petrus Ramus.
9. Brother Roger – Roger Schütz, popularly known as Brother Roger, was a Swiss Christian leader and a monk. In 1940 Schütz founded the Taizé Community, an ecumenical monastic community in Burgundy, France. He served as the community's first prior until his murder in 2005. Falling ill during his convalescence he began to feel drawn to a monastic way of life. He rode a bicycle to Taizé, a small town near Mâcon, about 390 kilometres southeast of Paris. The town was then located from the zone occupied by German troops. The spiritual leader always kept a low profile, rarely refusing to permit any "cult" to grow up around himself. He also wrote books together with Mother Teresa with whom he shared a cordial friendship. All his life, Roger devoted himself to reconciling the different Christian churches. He especially addressed Christian youth. Part of his appeal may have been his dislike of formal preaching, while encouraging a spiritual quest as a common endeavor. During a Taizé gathering in Paris in 1995, he spoke to more than 100,000 young people who were sitting on the floor of an hall. We have come here to search, he said, or to get in touch with our inner life. Christ always Do not worry, give yourself. Though one of the brothers carried him from the church, he died shortly afterward.Brother Roger – Brother Roger
10. Carlo Rosselli – Carlo Rosselli was an Italian political leader, journalist, historian and anti-fascist activist, first in Italy then abroad. He developed a theory of non-Marxist Socialism inspired by the British Labour movement, that he described as "liberal Socialism". Rosselli founded Giustizia e Libertà. Rosselli personally took part in combat in the Spanish Civil War where he served on the Republican side. Rosselli was born to a wealthy Tuscan Jewish family. Amelia Pincherle Rosselli, had been active in republican politics and thought and had participated in the unification of Italy. In 1903 he was taken with his mother and siblings. During the First World War he fought in the alpine campaign, rising to the rank of second lieutenant. In 1921 he graduated with a degree in political sciences with a thesis titled: "sindacalismo". Later he undertook a degree that he would pursue in Turin and Milan, where he met Luigi Einaudi and Piero Gobetti. He graduated from the university of Siena. For some weeks he visited London where he studied the workings of the British Labour Party: the English Labour movement would deeply influence him. An active supporter of the Partito Socialista Unitario of Turati, Matteotti and Treves, he began writing for "Critica Sociale", a review edited by Turati. After the murder of Matteotti, Rosselli pushed to Fascism. With the help of Gaetano Salvemini he founded the clandestine publication "Non mollare".Carlo Rosselli – Carlo Rosselli
11. Nello RosselliNello Rosselli – Nello Rosselli
12. Pierre-Charles Villeneuve – Pierre-Charles-Jean-Baptiste-Silvestre de Villeneuve was a French naval officer during the Napoleonic Wars. He was in the Spanish fleets that were defeated by Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar. Villeneuve joined the French Navy in 1778. He took part in the American Revolutionary War serving as an ensign on Marseillais, in de Grasse's fleet. He was promoted to Rear Admiral in 1796 as a result of this. At the Battle of the Nile in 1798 he was in command of the rear division. Guillaume Tell, was one of only two French ships of the line to escape the defeat. He was soon released. Napoleon considered him a "lucky man" and his career was not affected. After an abortive expedition in January, Villeneuve finally left Toulon on 29 March 1805 with eleven ships of the line. Admiral Ganteaume's Brest fleet did not appear. On June he learned that Nelson had reached Antigua. Villeneuve's fleet captured the entire convoy, valued at some five million pounds. Villeneuve then sent the prizes under the escort of the frigate Sirène. On 11 June Villeneuve set out for Europe again in pursuit.Pierre-Charles Villeneuve – Admiral Villeneuve