Category:Dukes of Cornwall
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Pages in category "Dukes of Cornwall"
The following 21 pages are in this category, out of 21 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dukes of Cornwall.|
The following 21 pages are in this category, out of 21 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Arthur, Prince of Wales – Arthur Tudor was Prince of Wales, Earl of Chester and Duke of Cornwall. Plans for Arthur's marriage began before his third birthday; he was installed as Prince of Wales two years later. He grew especially close to his siblings Margaret and Henry, Duke of York, with the latter of whom he shared some tutors. Contrary to some modern belief, was in good health for the majority of his life. Catherine would later firmly state that the marriage had not been consummated. Arthur's untimely death paved the way as Henry VIII in 1509. In 1485, Henry Tudor became King of England upon defeating Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth. Born at about 1 am, Arthur was Henry and Elizabeth's eldest child. Arthur's birth was anticipated by Italian humanists eager for the start of a "Virgilian golden age". Sir Francis Bacon wrote that although the Prince was born one month premature, he was "able". In the opinion of contemporaries, Arthur was the great hope of the newly established House of Tudor. Arthur became Duke of Cornwall at birth. Initially, Arthur's nursery in Farnham was headed by Elizabeth Darcy, who had served as chief nurse including Arthur's own mother. After Arthur was created Prince of Wales in 1490, he was awarded a structure at the behest of his father. Arthur was especially close to his brother Henry, with whom he shared a nursery.Arthur, Prince of Wales – Anonymous portrait, c. 1501
2. Charles I of England – Charles I was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. He became heir apparent on the death of his elder brother, Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, in 1612. Two years later, he married the Bourbon princess Henrietta Maria of France instead. After his succession, Charles quarrelled with the Parliament of England, which sought to curb his royal prerogative. Charles thought he could govern according to his own conscience. He failed to aid Protestant forces successfully during the Thirty Years' War. From 1642, Charles fought the armies of the English and Scottish parliaments in the English Civil War. After his defeat in 1645, he surrendered to a Scottish force that eventually handed him over to the English Parliament. Charles refused to accept his captors' demands for a constitutional monarchy, temporarily escaped captivity in November 1647. Charles was tried, executed for high treason in January 1649. A republic called the Commonwealth of England was declared. The monarchy was restored in 1660. The second son of King James VI of Denmark, Charles was born in Dunfermline Palace, Fife, on 19 November 1600. In mid-July 1604, Charles left Dunfermline for England where he was to spend most of the rest of his life. He retained a stammer, or hesitant speech, for the rest of his life.Charles I of England – Portrait from the studio of Anthony van Dyck, 1636
3. Charles II of England – Charles II was king of England, Scotland, Ireland. Charles I, was executed at Whitehall January 1649 at the climax of the English Civil War. Cromwell defeated Charles II at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651, Charles fled to mainland Europe. A political crisis that followed the death of Cromwell in 1658 resulted in the restoration of the monarchy, Charles was invited to return to Britain. On his 30th birthday, he was received to public acclaim. After 1660, all legal documents were dated as if he had succeeded his father as king in 1649. Charles's English parliament enacted laws known as the Clarendon Code, designed to shore up the position of the re-established Church of England. Charles acquiesced to the Clarendon Code even though he favoured a policy of religious tolerance. The foreign issue of his early reign was the Second Anglo-Dutch War. In 1670, he entered into the secret treaty of Dover, an alliance with his first cousin King Louis XIV of France. In 1679, Titus Oates's revelations of a supposed "Popish Plot" sparked the Exclusion Crisis when it was revealed that Charles's brother and heir was a Catholic. The crisis saw the birth of the pro-exclusion Whig and anti-exclusion Tory parties. Charles dissolved the English Parliament in 1681, ruled alone until his death on 6 February 1685. He was received into the Roman Catholic Church on his deathbed. Charles's wife, Catherine of Braganza, bore no live children, but Charles acknowledged at least twelve illegitimate children by various mistresses.Charles II of England – Charles II in the robes of the Order of the Garter, by John Michael Wright or studio, c. 1660–1665
4. Charles, Prince of Wales – Charles, Prince of Wales, is the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II. He was born at Buckingham Palace as the first grandchild of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. After earning a bachelor of arts degree from Cambridge, he served in the Royal Navy from 1971 to 1976. In 1981, they had two sons: Prince William later to become Duke of Cambridge, Prince Harry. In 1996, the couple divorced, following extramarital affairs. Diana died in a crash in Paris the following year. In 2005, he married Camilla Parker Bowles. He has sought to raise world awareness such as climate change. As an environmentalist, Charles has received numerous awards and recognition from environmental groups around the world. His support including homeopathy, has been criticised by some in the medical community. Charles has been outspoken on the role of the conservation of historic buildings. Subsequently, he created an experimental new town based on his theories, in Dorset in 1993. Charles was baptised in the palace's Music Room by the Archbishop Geoffrey Fisher, on 15 December 1948. When Prince Charles was aged three his mother's accession as Queen Elizabeth II made her heir apparent. He attended his mother's coronation on 2 June 1953, seated alongside his grandmother and aunt.Charles, Prince of Wales – The Prince of Wales in Jersey, July 2012
5. Edward V of England – Edward V was King of England from his father Edward IV's death on 9 April 1483 until 26 June of the same year. Edward was born on 2 November 1470 in Westminster Abbey. The prince was to "arise every morning at a convenient hour, according to his age". His day would begin with matins and then Mass, which he was to receive uninterrupted. After breakfast, the business of educating the prince began with "virtuous learning". In the afternoon the prince was to engage in sporting activities suitable before evensong. Supper was served from four, curtains were to be drawn at eight. Following this, the prince's attendants were to "enforce themselves to make him merry and joyous towards his bed". They would then watch over him as he slept. Those plans disappeared together with Edward V. It was at Ludlow that the 12-year-old prince received news, on Monday 14 April 1483, of his father's sudden death five days before. Edward IV's will, which has not survived, nominated his trusted brother Richard, Duke of Gloucester, as Protector during the minority of his son. Both his party from Richard from the north, set out for London, converging in Stony Stratford, Buckinghamshire. They were all subsequently executed. The council had originally hoped for an immediate coronation to avoid the need for a protectorate.Edward V of England – Edward V
6. Edward VI of England – Edward VI was King of England and Ireland from 28 January 1547 until his death. Edward was crowned on 20 February at the age of nine. The son of Jane Seymour, Edward was England's first monarch to be raised as a Protestant. During his reign, the realm was governed by a Regency Council because he never reached his majority. Edward's reign was marked by social unrest that, in 1549, erupted into riot and rebellion. An expensive war with Scotland, at first successful, ended with military withdrawal in exchange for peace. The transformation of the Church into a Protestant body also occurred under Edward, who took great interest in religious matters. The architect of these reforms was Archbishop of Canterbury, whose Book of Common Prayer is still used. At age 15, he fell ill. He named Lady Jane Grey, as his heir and excluded his half-sisters, Mary and Elizabeth. Jane was deposed by Mary nine days after becoming queen. During her reign, Mary reversed Edward's Protestant reforms, which nonetheless became the basis of the Elizabethan Religious Settlement of 1559. He was born on 12 October 1537 in his mother's room inside Hampton Court Palace, in Middlesex. Edward was the son of King Henry VIII by Jane Seymour. Throughout the realm, the people greeted the birth of a male heir, "whom we hungered for so long", with relief.Edward VI of England – Edward VI, by William Scrots, c. 1550
7. Edward VII – Edward VII was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910. The eldest son of Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, he was related to royalty throughout Europe. Before his accession to the throne, Edward held the title of Prince of Wales for longer than any of his predecessors. During the long reign of his mother, Edward came to personify the fashionable, leisured elite. Edward represented Britain on visits abroad. As king, he played a role after the Second Boer War. Edward broadened the range of people with whom royalty socialised. He was born at 10:48 in the morning on 9 November 1841 in Buckingham Palace. Edward was her husband Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Edward was christened Albert Edward at St George's Chapel, on 25 January 1842. Edward was named Albert after his maternal grandfather Prince Edward Duke of Kent and Strathearn. Edward was known as Bertie throughout his life. As the eldest son of the British sovereign, Edward was automatically Duke of Rothesay at birth. As a son of Prince Albert, Edward also held the titles of Duke of Saxony. In 1863, Edward renounced his succession rights in favour of his younger brother, Prince Alfred.Edward VII – Coronation portrait by Sir Luke Fildes
8. Edward VIII – Edward was the eldest son of King George V and Queen Mary. He was named Prince of Wales nine weeks after his father succeeded as king. As a young man, he undertook several overseas tours on behalf of his father. Edward became king in early 1936. However, he caused concern among politicians by his apparent disregard for established constitutional conventions. When it became apparent that he could not remain on the throne, Edward abdicated. He was succeeded by George VI. With a reign of 326 days, Edward was one of the shortest-reigning monarchs in British history. After his abdication, he was created Duke of Windsor. He married Wallis on 3 June 1937, after her second divorce became final. The couple toured Germany. After the war, Edward spent the rest of his life in retirement in France until he died there aged 77 in 1972. Edward was born on 23 June 1894 at White Lodge, Richmond Park, during the reign of his great-grandmother Queen Victoria. He was the eldest son of York. His father was the son of Wales.Edward VIII – In ceremonial dress at age 16 Portrait by Arthur Stockdale Cope
9. Edward, the Black Prince – Edward was the Prince of Aquitaine. He was called "Edward of Woodstock" in his early life, after his birthplace, since the 16th century has been popularly known as the Black Prince. He was an exceptional military leader, his victories over the French at the Battles of Crécy and Poitiers made him very popular during his lifetime. In 1348 he was made a Founding Knight of the Garter. Edward died one year before his father, becoming the first English Prince of Wales not to become King of England. The throne passed instead to his son Richard II, a minor, upon the death of Edward III. Richard Barber comments that Edward "has attracted relatively little attention from serious historians, but figures largely in popular history." Edward was born on 15 June 1330 at Woodstock Palace in Oxfordshire. In England, he served in 1339, 1342 while Edward III was on campaign. He performed the negotiations about the war in 1337. Edward also served from 1340 -- 1341, 1343, 1360 -- 1374. Edward had been raised with his cousin Joan, "The Fair Maid of Kent". When in England, Edward's chief residence was at Wallingford Castle in Berkshire, or at Berkhamsted Castle in Hertfordshire. He served as the king's representative in Aquitaine, where he and Joan kept a court, considered among the most fashionable of the time. It was the resort of exiled kings such as James IV of Majorca and Peter of Castile.Edward, the Black Prince – Edward, Prince of Wales as Knight of the order of the Garter, 1453, illustration from the Bruges Garter Book
10. Frederick, Prince of Wales – Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales was heir apparent to the British throne from 1727 until his death. Frederick was the eldest but estranged son of King George II and Caroline of Ansbach, well as the father of King George III. Under the Act of Settlement passed by the English Parliament in 1701, he was high in line of succession to the British throne. Frederick was created Prince of Wales. Upon the latter's death on 25 October 1760, the throne passed to Prince Frederick's eldest son, George III. The Elector was the son of Sophia of Hanover, first cousin and heiress-presumptive to the English Queen Anne. This made Frederick's father the new Prince of Wales and Frederick himself second-in-line. Frederick's other godfather was King in Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg-Prussia. He was nicknamed "Griff" within the family. Frederick did not see his parents again for 14 years. In 1722, he was inoculated by Charles Maitland on the instructions of his mother Caroline. The latter two titles have been interpreted differently since -- Snaudon rendered as Snowdon. He arrived as a grown man the year after his father had become King George II. They would never be close. Frederick was not permitted to go to Great Britain after his father took the throne as George II on 11 June 1727.Frederick, Prince of Wales – Frederick
11. Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales – For other people known as Henry, Prince of Wales see Henry, Prince of Wales. Prince of Wales was the elder son of King James I & VI and Anne of Denmark. His name derives from his grandfathers: Henry Stuart, Frederick II of Denmark. Prince Henry was widely seen as a promising heir to his father's thrones. However, at the age of 18, he predeceased his father when he died of typhoid fever. Charles succeeded him as heir apparent to the English, Irish and Scottish thrones. Some Scottish servants from Stirling were retained, including David Murray. He wrote texts for the schooling of his children. The prince's popularity rose so high that it threatened his father. Relations between the two could be tense, on occasion surfaced in public. Most of the party then followed the son. In addition to the alms box that Henry forced swearers to contribute to, he made sure his household attended church services. His religious views were influenced by the clerics in his household, who came largely from a tradition of politicised Calvinism. Charles had to be dragged off in tears. With his father's accession to the throne of England in 1603, Henry at once became Duke of Cornwall.Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales – Henry Frederick in c. 1610
12. George II of Great Britain – George II was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 until his death. George was the British monarch born outside Great Britain: he was brought up in northern Germany. After Queen of Great Britain, in 1714, Elector of Hanover, inherited the British throne. In the first years of his father's reign as king, George was associated with opposition politicians, until they rejoined the governing party in 1720. As king from 1727, George exercised little control over British domestic policy, largely controlled by the Parliament of Great Britain. As elector, he spent twelve summers in Hanover, where he had more direct control over government policy. He had a difficult relationship with his eldest son, Frederick, who supported the parliamentary opposition. Frederick died unexpectedly nine years before his father, so George II was ultimately succeeded by George III. For two centuries after George II's death, history tended concentrating on his mistresses, boorishness. Since then, most scholars conclude that he exercised influence in foreign policy and military appointments. Both of George's parents committed adultery, in 1694 their marriage was dissolved on the pretext that Sophia had abandoned her husband. In addition to French and German, he was also studied military history and battle tactics with particular diligence. George's second cousin once removed, Queen Anne, ascended the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland in 1702. Consequently, after his father, George was third in line to succeed Anne of her three realms. Regent of Holstein-Gottorp, came to nothing.George II of Great Britain – Portrait by Thomas Hudson, 1744
13. George IV of the United Kingdom – From 1811 until his accession, he served as Prince Regent during his father's final mental illness. George IV led an extravagant lifestyle that contributed to the fashions of the Regency era. He was a patron of new forms of leisure, style and taste. He commissioned John Nash to build the Royal Pavilion in Brighton and remodel Buckingham Palace, Sir Jeffry Wyattville to rebuild Windsor Castle. For most of George's regency and reign, Lord Liverpool controlled the government as Prime Minister, with little help from George. His ministers found his behaviour selfish, unreliable and irresponsible. At all times he was much under the influence of favourites. Taxpayers were angry at his wasteful spending at a time when Britons were fighting in the Napoleonic Wars. He did not provide national leadership in time of crisis, nor act as a role model for his people. Liverpool's government presided over Britain's ultimate victory, negotiated the peace settlement, attempted to deal with the social and economic malaise that followed. After Liverpool's retirement, George was forced to accept Catholic emancipation despite opposing it. His only child, Princess Charlotte, died before him in 1817 and so he was succeeded by his younger brother, William. George was born at St James's Palace, London, on 12 August 1762, the first child of King George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte. On 18 September of the same year, he was baptised by Thomas Secker, Archbishop of Canterbury. His godparents were the Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the Duke of Cumberland and the Dowager Princess of Wales.George IV of the United Kingdom – Coronation portrait by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1821
14. George V – George V was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936. George was the second son of Albert Edward, the grandson of the reigning British monarch, Queen Victoria. On the death of his grandmother in 1901, George was created Prince of Wales. George succeeded his father in 1910. George was the only Emperor of India to be present at his own Delhi Durbar. His reign saw the rise of socialism, communism, fascism, the Indian independence movement, all of which radically changed the political landscape. The Parliament Act 1911 established the supremacy of the elected British House of Commons over the unelected House of Lords. George had health problems at his death was succeeded by his eldest son, Edward VIII. He was born on 3 June 1865, in London. George was the second son of Wales, Albert Edward and Alexandra. His mother was the eldest daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark. George was baptised at Windsor Castle on 7 July 1865 by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Charles Longley. As a younger son of the Prince of Wales, there was little expectation that George would become king. George was third in line after his father and elder brother, Prince Albert Victor. The two princes were educated together.George V – Coronation portrait by Sir Luke Fildes, 1911
15. Henry V of England – Henry V was King of England from 1413 until his death at the age of 36 in 1422. He was the second English monarch who came from the House of Lancaster. His military successes culminated in his famous victory at the Battle of Agincourt and saw him come close to conquering France. Following Henry V's sudden and unexpected death in France two years later, he was succeeded by his infant son, who reigned as Henry VI. Henry was born in the tower above the gatehouse of Monmouth Castle, Monmouth, Principality of Wales. He was the son of 20-year-old Henry of Bolingbroke, 16-year-old Mary de Bohun. He was also the grandson of the influential John of Gaunt and great-grandson of Edward III of England. At the time of his birth, Richard II of England, his cousin once removed, was king. As he was not close to the line of succession to the throne, Henry's date of birth was not officially documented. His grandfather, John of Gaunt, was the guardian of the king at that time. Upon the exile of Henry's father in 1398, Richard II took the boy into his own charge and treated him kindly. In 1399, Henry's grandfather died. His other titles were Duke of Cornwall, Earl of Chester, Duke of Aquitaine. From 1400 to 1404, he carried out the duties of High Sheriff of Cornwall. It was there that the sixteen-year-old prince was almost killed by an arrow that became stuck in his face.Henry V of England – Henry V
16. Henry VI of England – Henry VI was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, disputed King of France from 1422 to 1453. Henry inherited the long-running Hundred Years War where Charles VII contested his claim to the French throne. The war recommenced, with France taking the upper hand; by 1453, Calais was Henry's only remaining territory on the continent. Civil war broke out in 1460, leading to a long period of dynastic conflict known as the Wars of the Roses. Henry was taken prisoner by Richard of York at Northampton on 10 July 1460 but was rescued that December by forces loyal to Margaret. He was deposed on 29 March 1461 following the victory at Towton by Richard's son, who took the throne as Edward IV. Henry died in the Tower during the night of 21 May 1471, possibly killed on the orders of Edward. He was buried at Chertsey Abbey, before being moved to Windsor Castle in 1484. Miracles were attributed to Henry after his death, he was informally regarded as a saint and martyr until the 16th century. He left a legacy of educational institutions, having founded Eton College, King's College and All Souls College, Oxford. William Shakespeare wrote a trilogy of plays about his life, depicting him as weak-willed and easily influenced by his wife, Margaret. Henry was the only child and heir of King Henry V. He was born on 6 December 1421 at Windsor Castle. His mother, Catherine of Valois, was then 20 years old. As Charles VI's daughter, she was viewed with considerable suspicion by English nobles and was prevented from playing a full role in her son's upbringing.Henry VI of England – Henry VI
17. Henry VIII of England – Henry VIII was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death. He continued the nominal claim by English monarchs to the Kingdom of France. Henry was the second Tudor monarch, succeeding Henry VII. Henry oversaw the legal union of England and Wales in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542. Domestically, Henry is known to the English Constitution ushering in the theory of the divine right of kings to England. Besides asserting the sovereign's supremacy over the Church of England, thus initiating the English Reformation, he greatly expanded royal power. People such as Thomas Wolsey, Thomas More, Thomas Cromwell, Thomas Cranmer figured prominently in Henry's administration. Besides ruling with considerable power, he was also an composer. This led to the two things for which Henry is most remembered: his six marriages and his break with the pope. His health suffered, contributing to his death in 1547. He is frequently characterised in his later life as a lustful, harsh, insecure king. He was succeeded by Edward VI. Of the young Henry's six siblings, only three – Arthur, Prince of Wales; Margaret; and Mary – survived infancy. He was baptised by Richard Fox, the Bishop of Exeter, to the palace. At the age of two, Henry was appointed Constable of Dover Castle and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.Henry VIII of England – King Henry VIII by Hans Holbein the Younger, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool.
18. Richard II of England – Richard II, also known as Richard of Bordeaux, was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed on 30 September 1399. A son of the Black Prince, was born in Bordeaux during the reign of his grandfather, Edward III. Upon the death of Richard's father prior to the death of Edward III, Richard, by primogeniture, became the heir apparent to the throne. With Edward III's death Richard succeeded at the age of ten. During Richard's first years as king, government was in the hands of a series of councils. Most of the aristocracy preferred this to a regency led by the king's uncle, John of Gaunt, yet Gaunt remained highly influential. The first major challenge of the reign was the Peasants' Revolt in 1381. The young king played a major part in the successful suppression of this crisis. For the next eight years governed with his former opponents. In 1397, Richard took his revenge on the appellants, many of whom were executed or exiled. The next two years have been described by historians as Richard's "tyranny". In 1399, after John of Gaunt died, the king disinherited Gaunt's son, Henry of Bolingbroke, who had previously been exiled. Henry invaded England in June 1399 with a small force that quickly grew in numbers. Claiming initially that his goal was only to reclaim his patrimony, it soon became clear that he intended to claim the throne for himself. Meeting little resistance, Bolingbroke deposed Richard and had himself crowned as King Henry IV.Richard II of England – Portrait at Westminster Abbey, mid-1390s
19. James Francis Edward Stuart – James Francis Edward, Prince of Wales, nicknamed the Old Pretender, was the son of the deposed James II of England and Ireland, VII of Scotland. Following his death in 1766, he was succeeded by his son Charles Edward Stuart in the Jacobite Succession. Had his father not been deposed, Great Britain might have had only two monarchs during himself. Instead there were seven: his father, William III, Mary II, George III. Their attempts are remembered in history as Jacobitism. Prince James Francis Edward was born 10 June 1688, at St. James's Palace. Princess Anne, had been raised as Protestants. Long as there was a possibility of them succeeding him, the king's opponents saw his rule as a temporary inconvenience. In an attempt to scotch this myth, James published the testimonies of over seventy witnesses to the birth. In the midst of the Glorious Revolution, Mary of Modena escaped with the infant James to France. Young James was brought up at the château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, which Louis XIV had turned over to the exiled James II. On his father's death in 1701, James was recognised by King Louis XIV of France, as the rightful heir to the English and Scottish thrones. Though delayed by an attack of measles, James attempted invasion, trying to land on 23 March 1708. The fleet of Admiral Sir George Byng intercepted the French ships, which combined with bad weather prevented a landing. James served for a time in the French army, as his father had done during the inter-regnum.James Francis Edward Stuart – James Francis Edward Stuart, "The Old Pretender"
20. Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales – Edward of Westminster, also known as Edward of Lancaster, was the only son of King Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou. He was killed at the Battle of Tewkesbury, making him the only heir apparent to the English throne to die in battle. Edward was born at Margaret of Anjou. Edward was invested as Prince of Wales at Windsor Castle in 1454. In 1460, King Henry was captured by the supporters of the Duke of York at the Battle of Northampton and taken to London. Queen Margaret and Edward had meanwhile fled through Cheshire. By Margaret's later account, she induced outlaws and pillagers to aid her by pledging them to recognise the seven-year-old Edward as rightful heir to the crown. They subsequently reached safety in Wales and journeyed to Scotland, where Margaret raised support, while the Duke of York's enemies gathered in the north of England. After York was killed at the Battle of Wakefield, the large army which Margaret had gathered advanced south. They defeated the army of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, one of York's most prominent supporters, at the Second Battle of St Albans. Warwick brought the captive King Henry in the train of his army, he was found abandoned on the battlefield. The day after the battle, Margaret asked Edward what death the two knights should suffer. Edward readily replied that their heads should be cut off. Margaret hesitated to advance on London with her unruly army, subsequently retreated. They were routed at the Battle of Towton a few weeks later.Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales – An 18th-century engraving of Edward.