Category:French military personnel of the Nine Years' War
Pages in category "French military personnel of the Nine Years' War"
The following 32 pages are in this category, out of 32 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 32 pages are in this category, out of 32 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
2. Jean Bart – Jean Bart was a French naval commander and privateer. He certainly spoke Flemish, at that time the native language in the region, his birth name was Jan Baert. When he was young, Bart served under Admiral Michiel de Ruyter. When war broke out in 1672, he entered the French service. In this capacity he displayed astonishing bravery, so that Louis XIV sent him to the Mediterranean where he gained great distinction. He became a terror to the commerce of Holland. He rose rapidly to the rank of captain and then to that of admiral. He achieved his greatest successes during the Nine Years' War. In the beginning of this war he was captured by the English, together with Claude de Forbin, taken to Plymouth. But they succeeded in escaping to Brittany in a rowboat, together with 20 other sailors. In 1691 he slipped through the blockade of Dunkirk, burning a Scottish castle and four villages. Jean Bart was raised into the nobility on 4 August 1694 with a peerage. In 1696 he struck another blow in the Battle of Dogger Bank. The Peace of Ryswick put a close to his active service. He married the 16-year-old Nicole Gontier on 3 February 1676.Jean Bart – Portrait by Mathieu Elias
3. Henri de Massue, Earl of Galway – Massue was born in Paris. He was the son of the wife of William Russell, Lord Russell. He was a soldier and served in the French army under Turenne, who thought very highly of him. In July 1691 he distinguished himself at the Battle of Aughrim, in 1692 he was for a time commander-in-chief in Ireland. In November of that year he was created Viscount Galway and Baron Portarlington, received a large grant of seized estates in Ireland. The title had previously belonged to Ulick Burke, 1st Viscount Galway, a Jacobite officer, killed at Aughrim. In 1693 he fought at Neerwinden and was wounded. In 1695 Savoy changed sides, the Italian peninsula was neutralised, Galway's force was withdrawn to the Netherlands. From 1697 to 1701, a critical period of Irish history, the Earl of Galway was practically in control of Irish affairs as Lord Justice of Ireland. His aide de camp was Hector Francois Chataigner de Cramahé, son in law of Jacques de Belrieu, Baron de Virazel. , although infirm, was reappointed by the government. He took part in one more campaign, distinguished himself by his personal bravery in action. Marquis de Bay defeated him at the Battle of La Gudina. After this, he retired from active life. His last service was rendered in 1715, when he was sent as one of the lords justices to Ireland during the Jacobite insurrection.Henri de Massue, Earl of Galway – Henri de Massue, Marquis de Rouvigny, 1st Earl of Galway
4. Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville – Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville was a colonial military officer of New France in the Compagnies Franches de la Marine. He is best known in North America for leading the raid on 29 February 1704. A dedicated soldier, he was widely reviled by the settlers of New England for his tactics of raiding poorly defended settlements. Hertel de Rouville was born in the colony of Canada, New France. During King William's War, Hertel was during the 1690 Battle of Quebec. He was granted the seignory of Rouville at Mont Saint-Hilaire in 1694. During Queen Anne's War, Hertel led the Raid on Deerfield. The raiders achieved surprise, taking more than 100 prisoners. The prisoners, including children, were taken on the long overland trek to Quebec, where many were adopted by Catholic Mohawk at Kahnawake, near Montreal. Hertel de Rouville was sent to Newfoundland later in 1704, where he participated against St. John's and other English communities. After Queen Anne's War ended in 1713, Hertel de Rouville was sent to Île-Royale to scout sites for French settlements. Based on his recommendations, Hertel de Rouville oversaw its construction. He was died on Île-Royale while serving as commandant of Fort Dauphin. He was twice married. He had two sons who distinguished themselves to New France.Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville – Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville
5. Louis XIV of France – His reign of 110 days is the longest of any monarch of a major country in European history. In this age of absolutism in Europe, Louis XIV's France was a leader in the growing centralization of power. Louis began his personal rule of France after the death of his chief minister, the Italian Cardinal Mazarin. There were also the War of the Reunions. Under his rule, the Edict of Nantes, which granted rights to Huguenots, was abolished. The revocation effectively forced Huguenots to convert in a wave of dragonnades, which managed to virtually destroy the French Protestant minority. His personality shaped his approach. Impelled "by a mix of commerce, pique," Louis sensed that warfare was the ideal way to enhance his glory. In peacetime he concentrated on preparing for the next war. He taught his diplomats their job was to create strategic advantages for the French military. Louis XIV was born to Louis XIII and Anne of Austria. He was named Louis Dieudonné and bore the traditional title of French heirs apparent: Dauphin. At the time of his birth, his parents had been married for 23 years. His mother had experienced four stillbirths between 1631. Leading contemporaries thus regarded him as his birth a miracle of God.Louis XIV of France – Louis XIV by Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701)
6. Ferdinand de Marsin – Ferdinand, comte de Marsin was a French general and diplomat, Marshal of France. He was born in Liège as the son of John Gaspar Ferdinand de Marchin, Comte de Granville and Marie de Balzac d'Entragues. Marsin served in Flanders, was wounded at the Battle of Fleurus. He took part in the Battle of Neerwinden and the siege of Charleroi. In 1701–1702 he was French ambassador in Spain. In the War of the Spanish Succession, he was present at the Battle of Luzzara. He became marshal in 1703, after the battle of Speyerbach. In 1704 he was defeated at the Battle of Blenheim, together with Tallard, was mortally wounded at the Battle of Turin. Imprisoned in the same city, he died a few days later. Biography of Ferdinand comte de MarchinFerdinand de Marsin – Bust of Ferdinand, comte de Marsin in the Galerie des Batailles, Palace of Versailles
7. Jacques Testard de Montigny – Jacques Testard de Montigny was an officer in the colonial troupes de la marine of New France. Born into a merchant family, Montigny first saw military action as a volunteer on the expedition against Schenectady in 1690. In 1696 Montigny was against Pemaquid an English fort on the northern frontier with Acadia. Montigny was given an independent command by d'Iberville, in which he traveled along the coast, destroying settlements and fishing stages as he went. Despite the destructive nature of the expedition, it had no long-lasting implications, as the English quickly returned, fortifying some of the settlements. Montigny was promoted to lieutenant in 1700. They once were unable to capture St. John's, the English capital. In 1706 Montigny went with Escumbuit where they were received by King Louis XIV. He was a member of an expedition sent in 1709 to dispute a English advance on Lake Champlain. The only action was a brief skirmish near Crown Point. He died in 1737. He had seven children. His grandson Portraits of Jacques Testard de Montigny, his wife, son and daughter-in-law Military history of Nova Scotia Dechêne, Louise. "Testard de Montigny, Jacque". In Hayne, David.Jacques Testard de Montigny – Jacques Testard de Montigny (1663-1737)
8. Anne Jules de Noailles – Son of his wife, Louise Boyer, he acceded to the title of duc de Noailles on his father's death in 1678. He was married to Marie-Françoise de Bournonville, with whom he had children. His eldest surviving son, succeeded him upon his death. Marie Victoire, married one of King Louis XIV's illegitimate sons, the Comte de Toulouse. Battle of the river Ter Oettinger, Eduard Maria; Kesselmeyer, Karl August. Moniteur des dates. L. Denicke. P. 64. Attribution: This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Noailles". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 722–723.Anne Jules de Noailles – Anne-Jules de Noailles. Portrait by Hyacinthe Rigaud
9. Philippe Pastour de Costebelle – Philippe Pastour de Costebelle was a naval officer and Governor of Newfoundland, born Languedoc died Louisbourg. Costebelle was promoted to captain in 1694, lieutenant in 1695. He was ordered to improve the fortifications and establish contact with the English colonists in St. Mary's Bay. In 1696 Costebelle was sent to France, thus did not participate in Pierre LeMoyne d'Iberville's destructive Avalon Peninsula Campaign. Monic was frequently absent from the colony, so Costebelle spent a significant time in actual command of the colony. In 1702, while awaiting Subercase's arrival, Costebelle rallied the province's defences against Captain John Leake's expedition that brought Queen Anne's War to Newfoundland. Subercase adopted a vigorous strategy against the English. In 1705 he led a expedition against English outposts that sought to repeat d'Iberville's successes in 1696. Costebelle went on the expedition, but saw no action. He was unable to take St. John's. Costebelle was finally appointed governor of Plaisance in 1706. In June 1708 he was awarded the Order of Saint Louis. In December 1708 Costebelle organized a successful attack at St. John's. It was eventually reoccupied by the English. Costebelle oversaw the evacuation of French subjects to Cape Breton Island where the colony of Île-Royale was established.Philippe Pastour de Costebelle – Philippe de Pastour de Costebelle
10. Camille d'Hostun, duc de Tallard – Camille d'Hostun de la Baume, duc de Tallard was a French noble, diplomat and military commander, who became Marshal of France. Tallard was granted a commission in the French army at the age of 15. He later served under Turenne in Alsace. He was served in the Nine Years' War. His friendship with King Louis XIV ensured a position of authority. When King James II died in September 1701, King Louis recognised James's son to the throne of England. Consequently, King William III expelled Tallard in 1702. Tallard’s military career reached its height during the War of the Spanish Succession. On 7 the duc de Burgundy and Tallard took the town of Breisach. Tallard proceeded to invest Landau in mid October. A force under the Prince of Hesse-Kassel was roundly defeated by Tallard's force at the Battle of Speyerbach on 15 November. As a result, Landau fell two days later. Shortly after, Tallard was created Marshal of France. Decisively beaten, he was housed on parole in Nottingham. The writer Daniel Defoe reported that his small, but parterre, after the French fashion was one of the beauties of Nottingham.Camille d'Hostun, duc de Tallard – Camille d'Hostun de la Baume, Duc de Tallard (1652–1728)
11. Anne Hilarion de Tourville – Anne Hilarion de Costentin, comte de Tourville was a French naval commander who served under King Louis XIV. He was made Marshal of France in 1693. At age 17, as a Knight of Malta, he fought his first naval battle on a frigate of the Order of Malta. He served under Abraham Duquesne during the campaigns of 1676, became a commander in 1690 during the War of the Grand Alliance. He put his flag on the Soleil-Royal, where it would stay until the battle of La Hougue in 1692. At the Battle of Beachy Head, 1690, he defeated an Anglo-Dutch fleet, sinking or capturing 15 enemy ships. He himself suffered heavy losses after the battle when fire ships attacked the French ships of the line immobilised for repairs in Cherbourg. Tourville retired after the Peace of Ryswick and died in Paris on 23 May 1701, regarded as a national hero. A number of French naval vessels from the 18th through 20th centuries were named in Tourville's honour. Attribution Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Tourville, Anne-Hilarion de Cotentin, Comte de". Encyclopædia Britannica. 27. Cambridge University Press. Encyclopedia.com information about Anne Hilarion de TourvilleAnne Hilarion de Tourville – Amiral Anne-Hilarion de Costentin, comte de Tourville, Musée de la Marine.
12. Claude Louis Hector de Villars – Villars was born at Moulins in a noble but poor family — his father was the diplomat Pierre de Villars. He entered the French army through the corps of pages in 1671. The next promotion would take time in spite of a long record of service under Turenne, The Great Condé and Luxembourg, of his aristocratic birth. The reason was that he had incurred the enmity of the powerful Louvois, he was finally made maréchal de camp in 1687. It was Villars' part in the next war, beginning with Friedlingen and Hochstadt and ending with Denain, that has made him most famous. Friedlingen and Hochstadt were barren victories, the campaigns of which they formed were characterized by lost opportunities. In that year he was called to command the main army opposing Prince Eugène of Savoy and Marlborough on the northern frontier. During the famine of the winter he shared the soldiers' miserable rations. Villars, named for Marshal Villars, was built in Moulins, Allier during the reign of Louis XV. The 18th century historical monument was used as a cavalry barracks. But he was over eighty years old at this point, after opening the campaign energetically he died at Turin on 17 June 1734. Villars's memoirs show us a fanfaron plein d'honneur, as Voltaire calls him. He was indeed boastful, also covetous of honours and wealth. But he was also described as an honourable man of high courage, moral and physical, certainly a very skilled soldier. He was famous for his love for young men as wrote the Duchess of Orleans in her letters.Claude Louis Hector de Villars – Marshal General Claude Louis Hector de Villars