Category:Great Masters of the Order of the Bath
Pages in category "Great Masters of the Order of the Bath"
The following 9 pages are in this category, out of 9 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 9 pages are in this category, out of 9 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Order of the Bath – The Most Honourable Order of the Bath is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725. The name derives from the medieval ceremony for appointing a knight, which involved bathing as one of its elements. The knights so created were known as "Knights of the Bath". George I "erected the Knights into a regular Military Order". Prior to 1815, the order had Knight Companion, which no longer exists. Recipients of the Order are now usually senior civil servants. Commonwealth citizens who are not subjects of foreigners may be made Honorary Members. In the Middle Ages, knighthood was often conferred with elaborate ceremonies. These usually involved the knight-to-be taking a bath during which he was instructed by more senior knights. He was then put to bed to dry. Clothed in a special robe, he was led to the chapel where he spent the night in a vigil. At dawn he attended Mass, then retired to his bed to sleep until it was fully daylight. In the medieval period the difference seems to have been that the full ceremonies were used for men from more prominent families. Knights Bachelor continued to be created with the simpler form of ceremony. The last occasion on which Knights of the Bath were created was the coronation of Charles II in 1661.Order of the Bath – Most Honourable Order of the Bath
2. Albert, Prince Consort – Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was the husband of Queen Victoria. He was born in the Saxon duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld to a family connected to many of Europe's ruling monarchs. At the age of twenty he married Queen Victoria, with whom he would ultimately have nine children. He was heavily involved with the organisation of the Great Exhibition of 1851, a resounding success. He died at the relatively young age of 42, plunging the Queen into a deep mourning that lasted for the rest of her life. Albert was born at Schloss Rosenau, near Coburg, Germany, the second son of Ernest III, his first wife, Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. Victoria, was born earlier in the same year with the assistance of the same midwife. In 1825, Albert's great-uncle, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, died. Albert's father became the first reigning duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Ernest, spent their youth in a close companionship marred by their parents' turbulent marriage and eventual separation and divorce. After their mother was exiled from court in 1824, she married her lover, Count of Polzig and Beiersdorf. She never saw her children again, died of cancer at the age of thirty in 1831. The brothers were later studied in Brussels, where Adolphe Quetelet was one of their tutors. Like many German princes, Albert attended the University of Bonn as a young adult. He studied law, political economy, art history.Albert, Prince Consort – Portrait by Winterhalter, 1859
3. Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn – During this time he was also created a royal duke, becoming the Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, as well as the Earl of Sussex. In 1911, he was appointed as Governor General of Canada, replacing the Earl Grey as viceroy. He occupied this post until being succeeded by the Duke of Devonshire in 1916. He was Queen Victoria's last surviving son. Arthur was born at Buckingham Palace on 1 May 1850, the seventh child and third son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. The prince was baptised by the Archbishop of Canterbury, John Bird Sumner, on 22 June in the palace's private chapel. As with his older brothers, Arthur received his early education from private tutors. It was reported that he became the Queen's favourite child. Arthur made an impression on many in Canada. As he became the 51st chief on the council, his appointment broke the centuries-old tradition that there should only be 50 chiefs of the Six Nations. He gained military experience as Commander-in-Chief of the Bombay Army from December 1886 to March 1890. He went on to be General Officer Commanding Southern District, at Portsmouth, from September 1890 to 1893. But this desire was denied to Arthur, instead he was given, between 1893 and 1898, command of the Aldershot District Command. The Regiment had recently been converted to the infantry role from the 2nd Battalion, 5th British Columbia Regiment of Canadian Artillery. With the Prince's agreement the unit was renamed 6th Regiment, Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles on 1 May 1900.Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn – Prince Arthur in 1915
4. Charles, Prince of Wales – Charles, Prince of Wales, is the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II. He was born at Buckingham Palace as the first grandchild of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. After earning a bachelor of arts degree from Cambridge, he served in the Royal Navy from 1971 to 1976. In 1981, they had two sons: Prince William later to become Duke of Cambridge, Prince Harry. In 1996, the couple divorced, following extramarital affairs. Diana died in a crash in Paris the following year. In 2005, he married Camilla Parker Bowles. He has sought to raise world awareness such as climate change. As an environmentalist, Charles has received numerous awards and recognition from environmental groups around the world. His support including homeopathy, has been criticised by some in the medical community. Charles has been outspoken on the role of the conservation of historic buildings. Subsequently, he created an experimental new town based on his theories, in Dorset in 1993. Charles was baptised in the palace's Music Room by the Archbishop Geoffrey Fisher, on 15 December 1948. When Prince Charles was aged three his mother's accession as Queen Elizabeth II made her heir apparent. He attended his mother's coronation on 2 June 1953, seated alongside his grandmother and aunt.Charles, Prince of Wales – The Prince of Wales in Jersey, July 2012
5. Edward VII – Edward VII was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910. The eldest son of Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, he was related to royalty throughout Europe. Before his accession to the throne, Edward held the title of Prince of Wales for longer than any of his predecessors. During the long reign of his mother, Edward came to personify the fashionable, leisured elite. Edward represented Britain on visits abroad. As king, he played a role after the Second Boer War. Edward broadened the range of people with whom royalty socialised. He was born at 10:48 in the morning on 9 November 1841 in Buckingham Palace. Edward was her husband Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Edward was christened Albert Edward at St George's Chapel, on 25 January 1842. Edward was named Albert after his maternal grandfather Prince Edward Duke of Kent and Strathearn. Edward was known as Bertie throughout his life. As the eldest son of the British sovereign, Edward was automatically Duke of Rothesay at birth. As a son of Prince Albert, Edward also held the titles of Duke of Saxony. In 1863, Edward renounced his succession rights in favour of his younger brother, Prince Alfred.Edward VII – Coronation portrait by Sir Luke Fildes
6. Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany – However, he died before his brother. Prince Frederick Augustus, or the Duke of York as he became in later life, belonged to the House of Hanover. He was born on 16 August 1763, at St. James's Palace, London. His father was the reigning British monarch, King George III. His mother was Queen Charlotte. On 27 February 1764, when Prince Frederick was six months old, his father secured his election as Prince-Bishop of Osnabrück in today's Lower Saxony. He received this title because his father, as Elector of Hanover, was entitled to select every other holder of this. George III decided that his second son would pursue an army career and had him gazetted colonel on 4 November 1780. From 1781 to 1787, Prince Frederick lived in Hanover, where he studied at the University of Göttingen. He was appointed colonel of the 2nd Horse Grenadier Guards on 26 March 1782 before being promoted to major-general on 20 November 1782. Promoted to lieutenant general on 27 October 1784, he was appointed colonel of the Coldstream Guards on 28 October 1784. He was created Duke of York and Albany and Earl of Ulster on 27 November 1784 and became a member of the Privy Council. On 12 April 1793 Frederick was promoted to full general. That year, he was sent to Flanders in command of the British contingent of Coburg's army destined for the invasion of France. Frederick and his command fought in the Flanders Campaign under extremely trying conditions.Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany – The Duke of York, painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds in the robes of the Order of the Garter, 1788.
7. Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester – Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, KG, KT, KP, GCB, GCMG, GCVO, PC was a soldier and third son of King George V and Queen Mary. The Duke served for most of his life. He was also the 11th Governor-General of Australia, from 1945 to 1947. Prince Henry was born on 31 March 1900, on the Sandringham Estate. His father was the Duke of the eldest surviving son of the Prince of Wales. His mother was Mary of Teck, the only daughter of Prince Francis, Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge. At the time of his birth, he was fifth in the line of succession behind his grandfather, father and two elder brothers. He was informally known as Harry. As a young boy, Prince Henry suffered like his older brother Albert. He also had to wear painful leg splints. On top of this, Henry also had an unusually high-pitched tone, resulting in a very distinctive voice. By 1909, Henry’s poor health had become a serious concern for his parents. He was prone to get very aggressive colds. On 6 Prince George became king and Henry, the third in line to the throne. The King was persuaded by Mr. Hansell that it would be good for Henry’s character to attend school, where he could interact with boys his age.Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester – Photographic portrait as Governor-General of Australia
8. John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu – John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu, KG GMB PC, styled Viscount Monthermer until 1705 and Marquess of Monthermer between 1705 and 1709, was a British peer. He was a son of 1st Duke of Montagu, by his first wife Elizabeth Wriothesley. His maternal grandparents were Thomas Wriothesley, Lady Elizabeth Leigh. He went with Pierre Sylvestre. On 17 John was married to Lady Mary Churchill, daughter of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough and Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough. On 23 he was admitted a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians. On 22 George I appointed him governor of the islands of Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent in the West Indies. He in turn appointed Nathaniel Uring, adventurer, as deputy-governor. Uring established settlement at Petit Carenage. Unable to get enough support from British warships, the new colonists were quickly run off by the French. In the country's first home for abandoned children, the Foundling Hospital was created in London. Montagu was one of the charity's founding governors. He also financed the education of two notable Black British figures of the age, Francis Williams, sending the latter to Cambridge University. In 1745, he raised a cavalry regiment known as Montagu's Carabineers, which, however, was disbanded after the Battle of Culloden. He is said to have once dunked the political philosopher Montesquieu as a joke.John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu – The 2nd Duke of Montagu, Godfrey Kneller, 1709
9. Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex – He was the only surviving son of George III who did not pursue an army or navy career. Augustus Frederick was born at Buckingham House, London. He was the 9th child and 6th son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He was christened in the Great Council Chamber at St. James's Palace, on 25 February 1773, by Archbishop of Canterbury Frederick Cornwallis. His godparents were the Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Duke George Augustus of Mecklenburg and Princess Charles of Hesse-Cassel. Prince Augustus, who suffered from asthma, did not join his brothers in receiving military training in Hanover. He briefly considered becoming a cleric in the Church of England. While travelling in Italy, the prince met Lady Augusta Murray, the second daughter of the 4th Earl of Dunmore. The couple secretly married in Rome on 4 April 1793. The King's minister of Hanover affairs Ernst zu Münster was sent to Italy to escort him back to London. The couple married again without revealing their full identities at St George's, Hanover Square, Westminster, on 5 December 1793. Both marriages took place without the knowledge or the consent of the King. However, Prince Augustus Frederick continued to live with Lady Augusta until 1801, when he received a parliamentary grant of £12,000 and the couple separated. Lady Augusta retained custody of their children and received maintenance of £4,000 a year. Their two children were named Augustus Frederick d'Este and Augusta Emma d'Este, both parents being descended from the royal House of Este.Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex – Portrait by Guy Head
10. William IV of the United Kingdom – William IV was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death. He was, both during his afterwards, nicknamed the "Sailor King". He served in North America and the Caribbean. In 1789, he was created Duke of Clarence and St Andrews. Since his two older brothers died without leaving legitimate issue, he inherited the throne when he was 64 years old. Through the Viceroy of Hanover, William granted a short-lived liberal constitution. He was succeeded by his brother, Ernest Augustus. He had two elder brothers, George and Frederick, was not expected to inherit the Crown. He was baptised in the Great Council Chamber of St James's Palace on 20 September 1765. Princess Augusta, then hereditary duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. He spent most of his early life in Richmond and at Kew Palace, where he was educated by private tutors. At the age of thirteen, he joined the Royal Navy as a midshipman, was present at the Battle of Cape St Vincent in 1780. He served in New York during the American War of Independence. I am fully persuaded, that it is unnecessary to caution you against offering insult or indignity to the persons of the Prince or Admiral..." He became a lieutenant in 1785 and captain of HMS Pegasus the following year.William IV of the United Kingdom – Portrait by Sir Martin Archer Shee, 1833