This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.
This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.
1. Colonies in antiquity – Colonies in antiquity were city-states founded from a mother-city, not from a territory-at-large. Bonds between its metropolis remained often close, took specific forms. However, unlike in the period of European colonialism during the late modern era, ancient colonies were usually sovereign and self-governing from their inception. An Egyptian colony, stationed in southern Canaan dates to slightly before the First Dynasty. Narmer had Egyptian pottery exported back to Egypt, from regions such as Arad, En Besor, Rafiah, Tel ʿErani. Shipbuilding was known to the ancient Egyptians perhaps earlier. The Archaeological Institute of America reports that the earliest dated ship -- dating to 3000 BC -- may have possibly belonged to Pharaoh Aha. Egypt at its height controlled Crete across the Mediterranean Sea. The Phoenicians were the major power in the Mediterranean in the early part of the first millennium BC. They established colonies as far west as modern Spain, at Gadir. From Gadir the Phoenicians controlled access to Britain. The Carthaginians later founded their own colony in the southeast of Spain, Carthago Nova, eventually conquered by Rome. But in most cases the motivation was to further the wealth of the mother-city. Colonies were established in Ionia and Thrace early as the 8th century BC. There were two similar types of one known as an ἀποικία - apoikia and the other as an ἐμπορίov - emporion.Colonies in antiquity – The Mediterranean in ca. the 6th century BC. Phoenician cities are labelled in yellow, Greek cities in red, and other cities in grey.
2. Marseille – Marseille, also known as Marseilles in English, is a city in France. Marseille is now the largest port for commerce, freight and cruise ships. The city was European Capital of Culture, together with Košice, Slovakia, in 2013. It will be the European Capital of Sport in 2017. The city is home to part of one of the largest metropolitan conurbations in France, the Metropolis of Aix-Marseille-Provence. Marseille is the second largest city after Paris and Lyon. Further east still are the Sainte-Baume, the French Riviera. Beyond the low Garlaban and Etoile mountain ranges, is the 1,011 m Mont Sainte Victoire. The airport lies on the Étang de Berre. The city's main thoroughfare stretches eastward to the Réformés quarter. Two large forts flank Fort Saint-Jean on the north. The commercial centre of the city intersects with the Canebière at rue St Ferréol and the Centre Bourse. To the south west are the hills of the 7th arrondissement, dominated by the basilica of Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde. The station -- Gare de Marseille Saint-Charles -- is north of the Centre Bourse in the 1st arrondissement; it is linked by the Boulevard d'Athènes to the Canebière. Marseille warm to hot, mostly dry summers.Marseille – Clockwise from top: Notre-Dame de la Garde • Old Port • La Joliette with CMA CGM Tower • Calanque of Sugiton
3. Agde – Agde is a commune in the Hérault department in southern France. It is the Mediterranean port of the Canal du Midi. Agde is located from Paris. Agde is one of the oldest towns in France, right behind Béziers and Marseilles. Agde was a 5th-century B.C. Greek colony settled by Phocaeans from Massilia. In the history of Roman Catholicism in France, the Council of Agde was held September 506 at Agde, under the presidency of Caesarius of Arles. It was attended by its forty-seven genuine canons dealt "with ecclesiastical discipline". Agde's inhabitants are called Agathois. Bishop Guillaume provided it with a 35-metre donjon. The Romanesque cloister of the cathedral was demolished in 1857. It is assumed that a Jewish community was established in the town around the sixth AD. During the council of Agde, assembled by the Catholic church in 506 AD, Christian ecclesiastics were prohibited from eating with Jews or hosting them. This prohibition suggests that the Jews held good relations with their town neighbours. The Jewish name of the city was Akdi.Agde – Hotel la Galiote in front of the cathedral
4. Antibes – Antibes is a Mediterranean resort in the Alpes-Maritimes department of southeastern France, on the Côte d'Azur between Cannes and Nice. The Sophia Antipolis technology park is northwest of it. Traces of occupation dating back to the early Iron Age have been found in the areas of the cathedral. However, most trade was via the Phocaeans of Marseille. Antipolis was founded from Massilia. As a Greek settlement, it was known as Antipolis from its position relative to Nice. The exact location of the Greek city is not well known. Given colonial practices, it is likely that it was set at the foot of the rock of Antibes in today's old city. Traces of occupation of the Hellenistic period have been identified around the church. The goods unearthed during these excavations show the dominance of imported products of the Marseilles region, associated with indigenous ceramics. Early in the second BC the Ligurian Deceates and Oxybiens tribes launched repeated attacks against Nikaia and Antipolis. The Greeks of Marseille appealed to Rome as they had already done a few years earlier against the federation of Salyens. In 154 BC the consul Quintus Opimius took Aegythna from the Décéates. Rome gradually increased its hold over the Mediterranean coast. In 43 BC, Antipolis was officially incorporated in the propraetorial province of Narbonesian Gaul, in which it remained for the next 500 years.Antibes – View of Antibes by the Mediterranean
5. Monaco – Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco, is a sovereign city-state and microstate, located on the French Riviera in Western Europe. France borders the country on three sides while the other side borders the Mediterranean Sea. Monaco has a land border of 4.4 km, a coastline of 4.1 km, a width that varies between 1,700 and 349 m. Monaco's most populous Quartier is Monte Carlo and the most populous Ward is Larvotto/Bas Moulins. Through reclamation, Monaco's land mass has expanded by twenty percent. Monaco is known as a playground for the famous, due to its tax laws. In 2014, it was noted about 30% of the population was made up of millionaires, similar to Zürich or Geneva. Monaco is a principality governed with Prince Albert II as head of state. Although Prince Albert II is a constitutional monarch, he wields political power. The House of Grimaldi have ruled Monaco, with brief interruptions, since 1297. Monégasque, Italian, English are widely spoken and understood. The state's sovereignty was officially recognized with Monaco becoming a full United Nations voting member in 1993. Despite separate foreign policy, its defense is the responsibility of France. However, Monaco does maintain two military units. Economic development was spurred in the 19th century with the opening of the country's first casino, Monte Carlo, a railway connection to Paris.Monaco – Statue of Francesco Grimaldi, " Il Malizia " ("the Cunning"), disguised as a monk with a dagger hidden under the cloak of his habit. However, he was ousted by the Genoese just four years later. The Grimaldi family purchased Monaco from the Crown of Aragon in 1419.
6. Nice – It is the fifth most populous city in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes département. The urban area of Nice extends with a population of about 1 million on an area of 721 km2. Its airport is a gateway to the principality as well. The area of today's Nice contains an archaeological site which displays evidence of a very early use of fire. Around 350 BC, Greeks of Marseille called it Nikaia, after Nike, the goddess of victory. Through the ages, the town has changed many times. Port significantly contributed to its maritime strength. The city's main seaside promenade, the Promenade des Anglais owes its name to visitors to the resort. For decades now, the picturesque Nicean surroundings have attracted not only those in search of relaxation, but also those seeking inspiration. Their work is commemorated in many including Musée Marc Chagall, Musée Matisse and Musée des Beaux-Arts. It is one of its most visited cities, receiving 4 million tourists every year. Nice also has the third busiest airport after the two main Parisian ones. Nice is the historical city of the County of Nice. The ruins of Cemenelum are in Cimiez, now a district of Nice. In the 7th century, it joined the Genoese League formed by the towns of Liguria.Nice – Nice Port