Pages in category "Modern printmakers"
The following 69 pages are in this category, out of 69 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 69 pages are in this category, out of 69 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Alexander Aksinin – Alexander Aksinin was a well-regarded printmaker and painter. He was born in Lviv, Soviet Union, on October 2,1949 and his sophisticated etching technique, precision and perfectionist attention to details earned him the sobriquet the “Dürer of Lviv”. Art critics hailed him as “a 20th century Piranesi” for his dramatic, Alexander Aksinin was born to military cartographer Dmitriy Aksinin and railroad official Ludmila Aksinina. In 1972 he graduated from the Ukrainian Institute of Printing, where he specialized in Graphics Arts, in 1972–1977 Aksinin worked as an art editor in a publishing house, served in the Soviet army and then worked as an art designer in an industrial design office. Since 1977 he focused entirely on his art, in particular in the fields of printed, since 1974 A. Aksinin graphics have been shown at various solo and group exhibitions worldwide. The artist regularly participated in the International Biennale of Small Graphics Forms in Łódź, from 2015 his etching series Boschiana is included in the permanent exhibition of the Jheronimus Bosch Art Center in s-Hertogenbosch in the Netherlands. List of Solo Exhibitions 2014 Alexander Aksinin, Lviv National Art Gallery, Lviv, Ukraine 2013 Poetics of the Absurd, Gallery la Brique, Frankfurt, Germany 2012 Metagraphics, Alexander Aksinin. Gallery Pionova, Gdansk, Poland Aks-Art & Aks-Libris, exlibris Gallery, Warsaw, Poland 2010 Aksinin. Gallery Vata, Rostov-on-Don, Russia Alexander Aksinin, National Center for Contemporary Art, Moscow, Russia 2009 Alexander Aksinin, The Inner Experience. Art Gallery Primus, Lviv, Ukraine 2008 Aksinin, Eternal Books - Visual Images, exhibition Hall of Don State Public Library, Rostov-on-Don, Russia Time-Space-Eternity. The State Museum of A. Pushkin, Moscow, Russia 2006 Alexander Aksinin, day R. Museum of Contemporary Visual Art on Dmitrovskoy, Rostov-on-Don, Russia 2001 Alexander Aksinins Etchings. Gallery Dzyga, Lviv, Ukraine 1992 Central House of Artists, Moscow, Russia 1991 Museum of Russian Art, Kiev, video-art by Ilya Gimmelfarb, Boris Berger, Sergey Kuzminsky,2003 A. Aksinin in Pictures and Slides, Lvov-Tallinn, 1970s - 80s. Slideshow by Michael Zelen,2009 Drawn Graphics of Alexander Aksinin, Slideshow by Michael Zelen,2012 Reports on Precedents-Ethernity on YouTube. Collage Slideshow by Igor Vvedensky,2013 A. Aksinin SiteAlexander Aksinin – Alexander Aksinin
2. Corwin Clairmont – Corwin Corky Clairmont is a printmaker and conceptual and installation artist from the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation. Known for his concept and politically charged works, Clairmont seeks to explore situations that affect Indian Country historically. I dont put out that gives solutions but provokes questions. - Corky Clairmont Corky Clairmont was born in 1946 at the St. Ignatius Mission on the Salish Kootenai reservation, creative at a young age, Clairmont was encouraged by his parents to be creative. During the holidays family members gave him paint by number kits, at age 15 he submitted a design for the communities tribal seal, it was chosen, and is still used to this day. Attending high school in Polson he learned about the different elements of fine art and this was his first experience in fine art painting, paving the path for a future as a professional artist. Obtaining a Bachelor of Arts at Montana State University, Clairmont went on to complete a fellowship at San Fernando State University. He finalized his formal education in 1971 at California State University, Los Angeles and his higher educational experiences provided him awareness about the movements of the 20th century international art world. Clairmont was drawn to the work of Joseph Beuys and John Baldessari, primarily due to the environmental, after graduation he remained in Los Angeles teaching fine arts and handling programming at Otis Art Institute. In 1984 Clairmont became an administrator at Salish Kootenai College, which at the time and he took the lead in creating an arts department. In 1989, he was named Director of Art Programming and Assistant Vice President and he designed the colleges arts building, Three Woodcocks, basing the design on a traditional Salish longhouse. He lives in Ronan, Montana and has served on the Montana Arts Council Board since 2008, gail Tremblay on Clairmonts work, His work offers a door to revelation and gives indigenous and non-Indian people alike a space to reflect on the dynamics of culture in their lives. Clairmont started creating conceptual artworks inspired by the likes of Beuys and Baldessari, often working as an individual or collaborating with other artists, completed assemblages would allow viewers to see the statement in its entirety. With Los Angeles Sidewalk/Survival Clairmont photographed 12-inch squares of Los Angeles sidewalks, the images depicted the many faces of concrete in the city, grass growing through cracks, pitted concrete, graffiti, contractor stamps. Each photograph had instructions on the back with instructions on how to survive broken bones, choking, nuclear fallout, through this series Clairmont sought to explore the way differences in how occupants of rural and urban areas interact can create surreal dislocations of imagery and idea. Clairmonts early pieces reflected many other works by other artists of the late 1970s and early 1980s, focusing on concerns about nature. In 1984 Clairmont returned to the reservation, where he became active in community life and he served on tribal committees, worked on the Flathead Resources Organization, attended sweat lodge, and became a teacher and administrator at Salish Kootenai College. He delved into historical studies of indigenous peoples and their relationships with early settlers, specifically the Flathead Indian Reservation and those of his friends off the reservationCorwin Clairmont – "Animals' Bridge," on the Flathead Indian Reservation in Montana, used by grizzly and black bears, deer, elk, mountain lions, and others
3. Lorenzo Clayton – Lorenzo Clayton is a contemporary Navajo sculptor, printmaker, conceptual and installation artist. His artwork is notable for exploring the concepts of spirituality through abstraction, Lorenzo Clayton was born and raised on the Tohajiilee Indian Reservation. Moving to New York City in 1973 Clayton earned his Bachelor of Fine Arts from Cooper Union in 1977, I believe in the modality of abstraction as the core of human experience and expression. I know that this perception of abstraction is due to an indigenous, - Lorenzo Clayton Claytons artwork is heavily influenced by the search for the spiritual, which he believes is seen throughout Indigenous cultures around the world. Through exploration of the ontological Clayton makes an effort for spiritual nourishment, in the 1986–1995 series Richards Third Hand Clayton explored his own spirituality through his love for abstraction and assemblage. The series Come Across had Clayton blending both Christianity and Navajo spirituality to explore a personal loss of self and this artistic and spiritual exploration shows the journey Clayton made to reconnect with his Navajo identity. In 2006 Clayton exhibited his mythistoryquest installations at the National Museum of the American Indian, the exhibition, titled Expeditions of the Spirits, featured installation and paperworks, examining the parallels between Christianity and Indigenous religions. Collaborations with other artists and creators remain a part of Claytons career. In 2004 Clayton began working with fellow Cooper Union professor and engineer George Sidebotham on a series called Inner Equations, with a mission to use scientific method to explore irrational thoughts and ideas, the two used Sidebothams knowledge of mathematical formulae to attempt to explain spiritual growth and relationships. The chalkboards have diagrams and scribblings all over them, reminiscent of the works of Cy Twombly. The writings, diagrams, and equations show the benefits of good, Clayton also displayed the journal he kept during the creation of the artwork. In 2009 Clayton collaborated with filmmaker and sound engineer Jacob Burckhardt to create Current, Muhheakantuck is a Lenape word meaning the river that flows both ways and was the original name for the Hudson River. The group exhibition featured work by artists from North and Central America creating artworks about the effects of Henry Hudsons contact with Indigenous people. Burckhardt and Clayton created an interpretation of that literal meaning creating a video displaying the river moving in different directions, New Tribe, New York, the Urban Vision Quest. National Museum of the American Indian, Washington, native New Yorkers, Vision Quest, Maverick Arts MagazineLorenzo Clayton – Richard's Third Hand #16, 1995
4. Paul Coldwell – Paul V Coldwell is an English artist. He was employed as assistant at the Slade from 1978 to 1981. In 2001 he was appointed professor at The London Institute and his interest in working with collections and other artists is further evidenced in the installation of his work in the house, Kettles Yard, Cambridge,2008 entitled I called while you were out. In addition to his teaching and studio practice, he worked with Paula Rego on all her etchings between 1985 and 2005, including the Nursery Rhymes and Peter Pan. His book Printmaking, A Contemporary Perspective provides an overview of the history of printmaking with a focus on contemporary approaches to both new and old print technologies. Coldwells practice embraces printmaking, bookworks and sculpture and his bookworks include, Freud’s Coat, With the Melting of the Snows and Kafka’s Doll with text by the poet and author Anthony Rudolf. His work is held in collections including Tate, Imperial War Museum, V&A, British Museum, Arts Council of England. He regularly contributes to the journal Print Quarterly and Art in Print, in 2013 Dr Ben Thomas curated a retrospective exhibition of his graphic work, Paul Coldwell A Layered Practice Graphic Work 1993–2012 staged at University of Kent and University of Greenwich. Coldwell’s work has often taken collections and archives as starting points, I called while you were out, Cambridge, Kettle’s Yard Publications. Speaking of Book Art, Interviews with British and American Book Artists, anderson-Lovelace Publishers,13040 Alta Tiera Road, Los Altos Hills, CA94022. ISBN 0-9626372-5-4 Miles, Rosie and Saunders, Gill Prints Now-Directions and Definitions, London, V&A. ISBN 1-85177-480-7 Coldwell, morandis Legacy, Influences on British ArtPaul Coldwell – Sites of Memory - Suitcase 2006 screenprint
5. M. C. Escher – Maurits Cornelis Escher, or commonly M. C. Escher, was a Dutch graphic artist who made mathematically inspired woodcuts, lithographs, early in his career, he drew inspiration from nature, making studies of insects, landscapes, and plants such as lichens, all of which he used as details in his artworks. Apart from being used in a variety of papers, his work has appeared on the covers of many books. He was one of the inspirations of Douglas Hofstadters 1979 book Gödel, Escher. Maurits Cornelis Escher was born on 17 June 1898 in Leeuwarden, Friesland and he was the youngest son of the civil engineer George Arnold Escher and his second wife, Sara Gleichman. In 1903, the moved to Arnhem, where he attended primary and secondary school until 1918. Known to his friends and family as Mauk, he was a sickly child, although he excelled at drawing, his grades were generally poor. He also took carpentry and piano lessons until he was thirteen years old, in 1918, he went to the Technical College of Delft. From 1919 to 1922, Escher attended the Haarlem School of Architecture and Decorative Arts, learning drawing and he briefly studied architecture, but he failed a number of subjects and switched to decorative arts, studying under the graphic artist Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita. In 1922, an important year of his life, Escher traveled through Italy, visiting Florence, San Gimignano, Volterra, Siena, in the same year he traveled through Spain, visiting Madrid, Toledo, and Granada. He was impressed by the Italian countryside, and in Granada by the Moorish architecture of the fourteenth-century Alhambra, Escher returned to Italy, and lived in Rome from 1923 to 1935. While in Italy, Escher met Jetta Umiker – a Swiss woman, the couple settled in Rome where their first son, Giorgio Arnaldo Escher, named after his grandfather, was born. Escher and Jetta later had two sons, Arthur and Jan. He travelled frequently, visiting Viterbo in 1926, the Abruzzi in 1927 and 1929, Corsica in 1928 and 1933, Calabria in 1930, the townscapes and landscapes of these places feature prominently in his artworks. In May and June 1936, Escher travelled back to Spain, revisiting the Alhambra, the sketches he made in the Alhambra formed a major source for his work from that time on. He also studied the architecture of the Mezquita, the Moorish mosque of Cordoba and this turned out to be the last of his long study journeys, after 1937, his artworks were created in his studio rather than in the field. All the same, even his work already shows his interest in the nature of space, the unusual, perspective. In 1935, the climate in Italy became unacceptable to EscherM. C. Escher – M. C. Escher in 1971
6. Joe Feddersen – Joe Feddersen is a Colville sculptor, painter, photographer and mixed-media artist. He is known for creating artworks strong in geometric patterns reflective of what is seen in the environment, landscape, Joe Feddersen was born in Washington state to a German American father and an Okanagan/Sinixt mother. He was first exposed to printmaking at Wenatchee Valley College under the direction of artist Robert Graves, Feddersen earned his Bachelor of Fine Arts in printmaking from the University of Washington in 1983 where he studied under artists Michael Spafford and Glen Alps. In 1989 he obtained his Masters of Fine Arts from the University of Wisconsin–Madison, following his Masters he became an art instructor at The Evergreen State College. When not creating art or teaching, Feddersen also serves as a writer, curator, consultant, in 2009 he left his teaching position at Evergreen State College and returned to Omak, Washington, his hometown. While occasionally teaching at Evergreen, he has been focusing on exploring the medium glass and has become involved with Pilchuck Glass School and my prints and mixed media work explore personal perceptions of my surroundings. Earlier prints become the departure for new work. They incorporate printing techniques and the addition of staples, pins, mirrors, oil pastels, -1987 Feddersens early creations involved photography and collage self-portraits in the early 1980s, reflecting on the individual and the environment surrounding self. However, his first major work was Rainscape, a series of lithographs that were exhibited at the Heard Museums 3rd Biennial Native American Fine Art Invitational, through Rainscape Feddersen incorporated blended colors to form a rain-like landscape, reminiscent of the Pacific Northwest environment. In the early 1990s Feddersen created a series of monoprints based on designs of the Plains Indians. Heavy in geometry and layers and blended colors, the series were described by art scholar W. Jackson Rushing III as watery veils of color, with the series Plateau Geometrics Feddersen continued to create prints during the latter half of the 1990s. All of the prints in the series are one of a kind and incorporate techniques such as etching, drypoint, aquatint, blind embossing, the prints feature a pattern of geometric forms over a gridded layout, some are flat while others have a highly textured appearance. According to the artist the works represent his homesickness and memories of living on the reservation, at the time of creation he was living and working in Seattle, on the opposite side of the Cascade Mountains that serve to separate Colville country from Seattle. Basketry entered into his catalog in the 2000s, learning Plateau-style techniques from poet, and recently his work has focused on glass making. 2010 Across Cultures, Fifty Objects from the Macy Collection, Northern Arizona University Infinity of Nations, National Museum of the American Indian and his work is also seen in the collections of the cities of Portland, Seattle and Ephrata, Washington. John H. Hauberg Fellowship,2009, Pilchuck Glass School Eiteljorg Native American Fine Art Fellowship,2001, Eiteljorg Museum Allan, ISBN 90-5703-131-0 Dobkins, Rebecca J. Barbara Earl Thomas & Gail Tremblay. Craft & Concept, The Rematerialization of the Art Object, mixed Blessings, New Art in a Multicultural America. ISBN 1-56584-573-0 Longfish, George & David Penney, ISBN 0-88363-479-1 Mcmaster, Gerald & Clifford Trafzer. Native Universe, Voices of Indian America, the Telling of the World, Native American Stories and ArtJoe Feddersen – An Interior Salish basket with patterns similar to what Feddersen creates in his work.
7. Bill Fick – Bill Fick is a printmaker living and working in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Fick is the director of Cockeyed Press, which specializes in the production of satirical linocut prints and he is also a member of the Outlaw Printmakers. Fick, along with Beth Grabowski co-authored the book Printmaking, A Complete Guide to Materials & Processes in 2009 Fick was born on October 19,1963, in Lirik, Sumatra, Indonesia. His family moved to the United States when he was young and he received his B. A. from Duke University in 1986, Fick is the Visiting Assistant Professor at Duke University. He has exhibited in solo and group shows nationally and internationally including the Czech Republic, New Zealand. In addition, throughout his career, Fick has acted as a visiting artist, artist in residence, and professor to several art schools across the country. Ficks work can be found in the collections of the Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, Massachusetts, The New York Public Library, New York, New York, and the Zimmerli Art Museum, Rutgers University. In 1993 Fick was awarded a National Endowment for the Arts Visual Artist Fellowship and in 1995 a North Carolina Arts Council Artist FellowshipBill Fick – "Bill Fick at MICA" 2009
8. Tsuguharu Foujita – Léonard Tsuguharu Foujita was a Japanese–French painter and printmaker born in Tokyo, Japan, who applied Japanese ink techniques to Western style paintings. He has been called the most important Japanese artist working in the West during the 20th century, immediately after graduating secondary school, Foujita wished to study in France, but on the advice of Mori Ōgai he decided to study western art in Japan first. In 1910, when he was years old Foujita graduated from what is now the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts. His paintings during the period before he moved to France were often signed Fujita, three years later he went to Montparnasse in Paris, France. When he arrived there, knowing nobody, he met Amedeo Modigliani, Pascin, Chaim Soutine and he also took dance lessons from the legendary Isadora Duncan. Foujita had his first studio at no.5 rue Delambre in Montparnasse where he became the envy of everyone when he made enough money to install a bathtub with hot running water. Many models came over to Foujitas place to enjoy this luxury, among them Man Rays very liberated lover, Kiki, another portrait of Kiki titled Reclining Nude with Toile de Jouy, shows her lying naked against an ivory-white background. It was the sensation of Paris at the Salon dAutomne in 1922, in 2013, the painting sold at Christies in New York for $1,205,000. His life in Montparnasse is documented in several of his works, including the etching A la Rotonde or Café de la Rotonde of 1925/7, Foujitas first marriage was to Tomiko Tokita, a school teacher in a girls school in Chiba Prefecture. They were married in 1912, the year before Foujita left for Paris, in March 1917 in the Café de la Rotonde, Foujita met a young lady by the name of Fernande Barrey. At first, she totally ignored Foujitas efforts to engage her in conversation, however, early the next morning, Foujita showed up at Fernandes place with a blue corsage he had made overnight. Intrigued, she offered him a pot of tea and they were married 13 days later, within a few years, particularly after his 1918 exposition, he achieved great fame as a painter of beautiful women and cats in a very original technique. He is one of the few Montparnasse artists who made a deal of money in his early years. By 1925, Tsuguharu Foujita had received the Belgian Order of Leopold, in 1918, a trip to the south of France was organized by the Polish poet Léopold Zborowski, who had the idea that his artist-friends could sell pictures there to rich tourists. Foujita and his wife went along as did Soutine, Modigliani with his lover, the trip was not, however, a success and the group had to survive on the advances that Foujita had obtained from his Paris dealer. By the time the final reckoning arrived even those funds had run out, in 1921, he became involved with Lucie Badoul, whom he called Oyuki, or Rose Snow. She would become his third wife, the relationship ended when she became the lover, then the wife of the surrealist poet Robert Desnos. After the breakup of his marriage, and his flight to Brazil in 1931, Foujita traveled and painted all over Latin AmericaTsuguharu Foujita – Portrait of Foujita by Ismael Nery (1930s).
9. Lucian Freud – Lucian Michael Freud was a British painter and draftsman, specialising in figurative art, and is known as one of the foremost 20th-century portraitists. He was born in Berlin, the son of a Jewish architect and his family moved to Britain in 1933 to escape the rise of Nazism. From 1942-43 he attended Goldsmiths College, London and he enlisted in the Merchant Navy during the Second World War. His early career as a painter was influenced by surrealism, but by the early 1950s his often stark, Freud was an intensely private and guarded man, and his paintings, completed over a 60-year career, are mostly of friends and family. They are generally sombre and thickly impastoed, often set in unsettling interiors, the works are noted for their psychological penetration and often discomforting examination of the relationship between artist and model. Freud worked from life studies, and was known for asking for extended, born in Berlin, Freud was the son of a German Jewish mother, Lucie, and an Austrian Jewish father, Ernst L. Freud, an architect. He was a grandson of Sigmund Freud, and elder brother of the broadcaster, writer and politician Clement Freud, the family emigrated to St Johns Wood, London, in 1933 to escape the rise of Nazism. Lucian became a British subject in 1939, having attended Dartington Hall School in Totnes, Devon and he also attended Goldsmiths College, part of the University of London, in 1942–43. He served as a merchant seaman in an Atlantic convoy in 1941 before being invalided out of service in 1942, in 1943, the poet and editor Meary James Thurairajah Tambimuttu commissioned the young artist to illustrate a book of poems by Nicholas Moore entitled The Glass Tower. It was published the year by Editions Poetry London and comprised, among other drawings, a stuffed zebra. Both subjects reappeared in The Painters Room on display at Freuds first solo exhibition in 1944 at the Lefevre Gallery, in the summer of 1946, he travelled to Paris before continuing to Greece for several months to visit John Craxton. In the early fifties he was a frequent visitor to Dublin where he would share Patrick Swifts studio, in late 1952, Freud and Lady Caroline Blackwood eloped to Paris where they married in 1953. He remained a Londoner for the rest of his life, Freud was part of a group of figurative artists later named The School of London. This was more a collection of individual artists who knew each other, some intimately. The group was led by such as Francis Bacon and Freud. He was a tutor at the Slade School of Fine Art of University College London from 1949 to 1954. Freuds early paintings, which are very small, are often associated with German Expressionism and Surrealism in depicting people, plants. These were painted with tiny sable brushes and evoke Early Netherlandish painting and he would often clean his brush after each stroke when painting flesh, so that the colour remained constantly variableLucian Freud – Lucian Freud
10. Anthony Gross – Anthony Gross CBE, RA, was a British printmaker, painter, war artist and film director of Hungarian-Jewish, Italian, and Anglo-Irish descent. Anthony Gross was born in 1905, at Dulwich, London, the son of the Hungarian cartographer and founder of Geographia Ltd, Alexander Gross and his sister was the artist, writer and publisher Phyllis Pearsall. He attended Shrewsbury House School and later Repton School until 1922, later studies were at the Central School of Art and Crafts, London, the École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, and the Academia de San Fernando, Madrid. In 1925 he studied within life classes and as an engraver at Académie Julian and Académie de la Grande Chaumière, Paris. Following study, Gross painted and produced intaglio prints in Spain, painted in Brussels, and in 1928 returned to work in Paris, while in France he developed a working relationship with Józef Hecht and Stanley William Hayter. During the early 1930s he exhibited in Paris galleries, becoming a member of the La Jeune Gravure Contemporaine, designed costumes and settings for ballet and he co-directed the short film La Joie de vivre with Hector Hoppin in 1934. Returning to Britain in 1934, Gross worked on animated films, illustrated a 1929 edition of Jean Cocteau’s Les Enfants Terribles, in 1937 he returned to work in Paris. Gross had married Villeneuve fashion artist Marcelle Marguerite Florenty in 1930, their children were Mary, in 1940 he brought his family from France to England, to live at Flamstead, Hertfordshire. Later, in 1944 and 1945, an exhibition of 51 of these drawings, entitled India in Action, toured Australia, New Zealand, Gross accompanied the D-Day invasion of Northern France, wading ashore near Arromanches at 2pm on D-Day. He sketched the beachhead landings and spent the night in a trench on the beach before moving inland the next day. Gross recorded the devastation of Bayeux and Caen, and followed the Allied armies to Paris and he witnessed the meeting of American and Russian forces at the River Elbe on 25 April 1945. Gross was, at the time, one of the war artists who painted a portrait of General Montgomery. Following the war, Gross returned to working in London, in Chelsea, Greenwich and Blackheath and he produced lithographs for J. Lyons and Co. and illustrated editions of Wuthering Heights and The Forsyte Saga. From 1948 to 1954 he was a life drawing tutor at the Central School of Arts and Crafts, from 1948 to 1971 Gross’s work was exhibited in London and New York in one-man shows and as part of The London Group. In 1965 he became the first president of the Printmakers Council, in 1965-66 Gross was a Minneapolis School of Art visiting professor. Jonathan Mayne, Anthony Gross Jonathan Mayne, The Graphic Work of Anthony Gross, in Image,4, pAnthony Gross – Captain Anthony Gross, an Official War Artist
11. Jane Hammond – Jane R. Hammond is an American artist who lives and works in New York City. She was influenced by the late composer John Cage and she collaborated with the poet John Ashbery, making 62 paintings based on titles suggested by Ashbery, she also collaborated with the poet Raphael Rubinstein. Language has always been important to Hammond, who was the editor of her high school magazine and studied poetry. After studying ceramics at Arizona State University, she received her MFA in sculpture from the University of Wisconsin, from this collection she culled 276 images that functioned as her image bank for subject matter. In 1989, Hammond received her first one-person exhibition at the New York alternative space, since 1989, Hammond has exhibited internationally in Spain, Sweden, Italy, and the Netherlands. In 1989, Hammond was invited by Bill Goldston to print at ULAE, after experimenting with monoprints, she turned to a combination of lithography, silkscreen, intaglio, and collage to achieve the complex layering of her trademark images. In 1993, the Cincinnati Art Museum organized her first museum exhibition, in June 1993, Hammond asked Ashbery to recommend titles for future paintings. A week later he faxed her 44 titles, by December 1994, she had employed 13 of the titles, reusing one four times and another twice. In 2003, Hammond became the first woman to create the poster for the French Open tennis tournament, primarily a painter, Hammond also works with photographs and makes prints. She made prints at Universal Limited Art Editions and at Sharks Ink and she is represented by the Galerie Lelong in New York and the Greg Kucera Gallery in Seattle. According to a 2002 article in the New York Times, “Ms. Hammond to make paintings as complicated, inconsistent, varied, multifaceted as you are, as I am, as life is. I think my work deals directly with the time that we live in. Theres a surfeit of information, increasingly bodiless because of the computer, the best metaphor for the method behind her rollicking, erudite, street-smart, angst-ridden, encyclopedic paintings is writing. The Times spoke of Hammonds predilection for systems, for decades it has been her practice to limit all her paintings to mix-and-match selections from a total of 276 found images. Since this article was written, Hammond has moved in new directions, many of her works are based on dreams, such as a recent series of works in which butterflies are laid over maps of various countries. She explains her approach to painting thus, Painting is a cross between high philosophy and cement work and my biggest way of relating to this concept of time and labor is that it is an entry point for reaching the unconscious. The layers of paint have more to do with duration than texture, I see it as a function of time, like the idea of chanting. Certain things can begin to happen because youre with the painting for long periods of time, Hammonds work Fallen was first displayed at the artists one-person exhibition at Galerie Lelong in New York in March 2005Jane Hammond – Jane Hammond
12. Stanley William Hayter – Stanley William Hayter CBE was an English painter and printmaker associated in the 1930s with Surrealism and from 1940 onward with Abstract Expressionism. Regarded as one of the most significant printmakers of the 20th century, since his death in 1988, it has been known as Atelier Contrepoint. He is noted for his work in the development of viscosity printing. Hayter was born in Hackney, London, on 27 December 1901 and he received a degree in chemistry and geology from Kings College London and worked in Abadan, Iran for the Anglo-Persian Oil Company from 1922 to 1925. After Hayter returned home to convalesce from an attack of malaria, the exhibitions success may have convinced Hayter to pursue a career as an artist. In 1926, Hayter went to Paris, where he studied briefly at the Académie Julian and that same year, he met Polish printmaker Józef Hecht, who introduced Hayter to copper engraving using the traditional burin technique. Hecht helped Hayter acquire a press for starting a studio for artists young and old, experienced and inexperienced. In 1927, Hayter opened the studio, and in 1933 he moved it to No,17, Rue Campagne-Première, where it became internationally known as Atelier 17. Hayter worked with contemporary artists to encourage their exploration of printmaking as a medium. Artists such as Miró, Picasso and Kandinsky collaborated on creating print editions to raise funds for the support of the Republican cause in the Spanish Civil war. At the outbreak of World War II, Hayter moved Atelier 17 to New York City, artists such as Jackson Pollock, Mauricio Lasansky and Mark Rothko made prints at the New York Atelier 17. During the war, Hayter collaborated with British artist, historian and poet Roland Penrose, Hayter acted as advisor to the Museum of Modern Art for the show Britain at War. In connection with the exhibition, he devised a computer to duplicate the angle of the sun and shadow lengths for any time, day. Returning to Paris in 1950, Hayter took Atelier 17 with him, Hayter was a prolific printmaker, completing more than 400 before his death. In 1949 his book, New Ways Of Gravure, was published by Pantheon Books, oxford University Press published About Prints in 1962. Hayter continued to develop painting alongside printmaking and his interest in automatism led him to associate with the Surrealists, and in the United States he was an innovator in the Abstract Expressionism movement. In 2005 the Tate Archive acquired Hayters papers,1951 - Hayter received an Officer rank in the Order of the British Empire 1951 - The French government awarded him the Légion dhonneur. Great Britain chose him as representative artist at the 1958 Venice Biennale,1967 - He was made Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres of the Ordre des Arts et des LettresStanley William Hayter – Hayter, printmaking
13. Mary Henry (artist) – Mary Henry, born Mary M. Dill, was an American artist whose work, most notably large oil paintings and acrylics but also prints, was characteristized by geometric abstraction. Many of her pieces are diptychs and some are triptychs, some of her work resembles, variously, op art, constructivism, or even psychedelic art. Born in Sonoma, California, Mary Henry studied 1933–34 at the California College of the Arts in Oakland, California, where her teachers included modernists Ethel Abeel, Glen Wessels, and Marie Togni. She won a prize in a printmaking contest sponsored by Iowa State University and her childhood sweetheart Wilbur Henry reluctantly agreed to marry her and accompany her to Iowa, where he completed a masters degree in entomology while she taught. In 1939 in Berkeley, California, Henry attended a lecture by Bauhaus artist László Moholy-Nagy and this led to her studying with him at the Institute of Design in Chicago in 1945, leaving her daughter Suzanne in California with Henrys mother. S. Henry traveled to Europe in 1962, she was divorced in 1964 and she lived in Mendocino, California, running a bed-and-breakfast and painting. Her 1968 show at Arleigh Gallery in San Francisco resulted in a write-up in Artforum, in 1976, Henry traveled to Alaska before settling in Washington, where she has lived since 1981 on Whidbey Island. Also in 1976, at Centrum in Port Townsend, Washington, she attended a master class with Jack Tworkov. Henry still made art until about 2003, but she ceased painting in her early 90s when she could no longer stretch her own canvases, Henry died after suffering a stroke. Matthew Kangas, Mary Henry, Selected Paintings, elizabeth Bryant, Interactive E Row, D. K. Washington Artist Mary Henry Dies at 95 Oregonian, May 21,2009. Mary Henry on pdxcontemporaryart. com Mary Henry,96, Northwest painter, Seattle Times, July 5,2009Mary Henry (artist) – Mary Henry, "Both Sides Now", 1989, acrylic on canvas, 72 x 96 inches. Like most of Henry's work, the style is geometric abstraction; it is one of several works whose titles are popular culture references, in this case to a Joni Mitchell song.
14. Jacques Hnizdovsky – Jacques Hnizdovsky, was a Ukrainian-born American painter, printmaker, graphic designer, illustrator and sculptor. Jacques Hnizdovsky was born on January 27,1915 in Ukraine in the Borshchivskyi Raion of Ternopil Oblast to a family bearing the Korab coat of arms. He was the youngest of seven children and the member of his family that was able to emigrate to the west. He began his fine arts studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw, germanys invasion of Poland and bombardment of Warsaw forced Jacques to flee Warsaw and continue his studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Zagreb. He was classically trained and had a great interest in portraiture, Hnizdovsky created hundreds of paintings, pen and ink drawings and watercolors, as well as over 377 woodcuts, etchings and linocuts after his move to the United States in 1949. He was greatly inspired by printing in Japan as well as the woodcuts of Albrecht Dürer. Influences on his works can be seen on his website. Hnizdovsky printed all his woodcuts and linocuts himself at his home studio and his first few years in the United States were marred by financial difficulties, language difficultues and a creative crisis. But what at first were merely substitutes for the human form, later became his most cherished subjects. He was well known in all the botanical and zoological gardens in New York, at the Bronx Zoo, he found many models that were willing to pose for peanuts. Andy, the orangutan, who opened the Ape House of the Bronx Zoo when he was just a baby, was one of Hnizdovskys favorite models, when Andy died, the Bronx Zoo immediately purchased the Hnizdovsky woodcut in remembrance of Andy. Another favorite Bronx Zoo model was the sheep, Hnizdovskys The Sheep would become his best known print, illustrating the poster for his very successful exhibition at the Lumley Cazalet Gallery in London. This poster, incidentally, can be seen in the scene of the film The Hours. Hnizdovsky has exhibited widely and his works are in the permanent collections of museums worldwide. Hnizdovsky designed numerous covers and illustrated many books. He also designed stamps and a souvenir sheet for the Ukrainian Plast postal service. Jacques Hnizdovsky died on November 8,1985 in Bronxville, New York and his archives are housed at the Slavic and Baltic Division of the New York Public Library. Tahir, Abe M. Jr. Jacques Hnizdovsky Woodcuts and Etchings, Shows all prints created during the artists lifetime, a catalogue raisonné, profusely illustrated with imagesJacques Hnizdovsky – Jacques Hnizdovsky carving the woodblock "Two Rams" in his studio in New York, 1969
15. Istvan Horkay – István Horkay is a Hungarian painter. He continued his Studies at the Royal Academy of Art in Copenhagen, Denmark. Horkay studied under the Internationally known Artist and Theater Director Tadeusz Kantor as well as Professors M. Wejman, J. Nowosielski, and Palle Nielsen, Danmark. He received Diplomas in Graphic Arts, Painting, and Film Animation and this relies on the experience that man, handing himself down through signs, simulates a kind of sense-wholeness. In these series this textual sense-wholeness appears to be different as different colors enter the surface at different sites. It is the same and not the same at the same time, once the signs are scars, then the wounds will tell tales of some non-alleviated history. The sign will temporarily closen over the storyIstvan Horkay – Horkay Istvan Moholy-Nagy digital collage 2006
16. Tom Huck – Tom Huck is an American printmaker best known for his large-scale satirical woodcuts. He lives and works in St. Louis, Missouri, where he runs his own press and he is a regular contributor to BLAB. of Fantagraphics Books. His work is influenced by Albrecht Dürer, José Guadalupe Posada, R. Crumb, Tom Huck was born on December 9,1971 in Farmington, Missouri and grew up in nearby Potosi. He received a BFA in drawing from Southern Illinois University at Carbondale in 1993, from 2000 to 2010 he was an instructor in printmaking at Washington University. Huck is best known for creating large-scale woodcuts acting as both satirical narratives and social criticism and he says in his artist statement, My work deals with personal observations about the experiences of living in a small town in southeast Missouri. The often Strange and Humorous occurrences, places, and people in these towns offer a source of inspiration for my prints. I call this work rural satire, from 1995 to 2005, Huck created two woodcut folios,2 Weeks in August,14 Rural Absurdities and The Bloody Bucket. 2 Weeks in August,14 Rural Absurdities, a unified suite of 14 large woodcut prints, depicted 14 bizarre folk tales that allegedly occurred in Hucks hometown of Potosi. The suite was produced in three years from 1995 to 1998 and his second body of work, The Bloody Bucket, was based on violent legends surrounding a bar of that name in or around his hometown of Potosi. It comprises 10 large-scale woodcuts, executed between 1999 and 2005, Huck is currently working on a 14-triptych cycle of woodcut prints entitled Booger Stew. The first installment of the series, a triptych entitled The Transformation of Brandy Baghead Pts,1,2, &3, was completed in March 2009. An exhibition entitled Tom Huck and the Rebellious Tradition of Printmaking opened on August 28,2009 at the Saint Louis Art Museum, Prints by Albrecht Dürer, William Hogarth, Jose Guadalupe Posada, and Max Beckmann were featured alongside Hucks The Transformation of Brandy Baghead Pts. Carlos Museum, and New York Public Library, Huck is represented by David Krut Art Projects in New York, Sherry Leedy Contemporary Art in Kansas City, Missouri, and Eli Ridgway Gallery in San Francisco. In September 2011 Huck was awarded a Pollock-Krasner Foundation grant, on December 19,2011, Hucks website www. evilprints. com announced the April 1,2012, release of The Hillbilly Kama Sutra. This new suite of 15 linoleum cut prints is Hucks first portfolio of prints since 1998s 2 Weeks in August,14 Rural Absurdities, on April 12,2012, a selection of prints from the new series were released in the St. Louis weekly publication The Riverfront Times. On May 4,2012, Sherry Leedy Contemporary Art in Kansas City, Missouri, in February 2013, Huck illustrated a cover story entitled The 10 Weirdest Members of Congress written by Caleb Hannan. The feature article appeared in The Riverfront Times and four other Voice Media Group publications, the Houston Press, Dallas Observer, Broward-Palm Beach New Times, all five had a cover caricature of Michele Bachmanns head on a snake, referencing the Dont Tread On Me motif. The story featured 9 politicians in caricature, in early spring of 2014 Huck completed work on his second major woodcut triptych from Booger Stew entitled The Tommy PeeperzTom Huck – Tom Huck
17. Yasuhide Kobashi – Yasuhide Kobashi was a Japanese woodblock print artist, painter, sculptor and stage designer. He was born in Kojima in Okayama Prefecture and his father was a ceramic artist and head of the Kyoto Industrial Craft Company. Kobashi learned printmaking from the sōsaku hanga master Unichi Hiratsuka, in 1955, Kobashi graduated from the Kyoto College of Crafts and Textiles, and in 1959, he moved to New York City. Nelson Rockefeller was Kobashis patron, and acquired one of the sculptures for the New York State Executive Mansion in Albany. Kobashi is best known for his sōsaku hanga woodblock prints and his sculptures intended to be rearranged, baron, Virginia Olsen, The Seasons of Time, Tanka Poetry of Ancient Japan, Illustrated by Yasuhide Kobashi, New York, Dial Press,1968. Eichman, Shawn and Sawako Takemura Chang, Self-construction, The Art of Kobashi Yasuhide, Honolulu Academy of Arts, Vol.82, No. Garfias, Robert and Lincoln Kirstein, Gagaku, The Music and Dances of the Japanese Imperial Household with calligraphy by Yasuhide Kobashi, New York, recent Sculpture by Yasuhide Kobashi, New York, Allan Stone,1961. Pratt Graphic Art Center, Eleven Prints by Eleven Printmakers, New York, Pratt Graphic Art Center,1961Yasuhide Kobashi – Night of the Carnival, print by Yasuhide Kobashi, 1958
18. Tomas Lasansky – Tomás Lasansky is an American artist. He lives in Iowa City, Iowa and his work relates to the Native American culture of the south-western United States. He is the son of Mauricio Lasansky, a unique perspective from a family art man. Mauricio and Tomás Lasansky, Father and Son, snite Museum of Art, University of Notre Dame. Czestochowski, Joseph, Lasansky, Rory, and Webster, WilliamTomas Lasansky – Artist in his Iowa City studio
19. Marie Laurencin – Marie Laurencin was a French painter and printmaker. She became an important figure in the Parisian avant-garde as a member of the Cubists associated with the Section dOr, Laurencin was born in Paris, where she was raised by her mother and lived much of her life. At 18, she studied painting in Sèvres. She then returned to Paris and continued her art education at the Académie Humbert, during the early years of the 20th century, Laurencin was an important figure in the Parisian avant-garde. She became romantically involved with the poet Guillaume Apollinaire, and has often been identified as his muse, in addition, Laurencin had important connections to the salon of the American expatriate and famed lesbian writer Natalie Clifford Barney. She had heterosexual and lesbian affairs, the couple subsequently lived together briefly in Düsseldorf. After they divorced in 1920, she returned to Paris, where she achieved success as an artist until the economic depression of the 1930s. During the 1930s she worked as an art instructor at a private school and she lived in Paris until her death. Laurencins works include paintings, watercolors, drawings, and prints and she is known as one of the few female Cubist painters, with Sonia Delaunay, Marie Vorobieff, and Franciska Clausen. Her work lies outside the bounds of Cubist norms in her pursuit of a specifically feminine aesthetic by her use of pastel colors, Laurencin continued to explore themes of femininity and what she considered to be feminine modes of representation until her death. Her works include paintings, watercolors, drawings, and prints, in 1983, on the one hundredth anniversary of Laurencins birth, the Musée Marie Laurencin opened in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. The museum is home to more than 500 of her works, women Artists in Interwar France, Framing Femininities, Aldershot, Ashgate,2011. Marie Laurencin, London - Paris, Flammarion,1977 Groult, Marie Laurencin, Paris, Mercure de France,1987 Kahn, Elizabeth Louise. Marie Laurencin, Une Femme Inadaptée in Feminist Histories of Art Ashgate Publishing,2003, kyuryudo & Paris, Hazan,1981 Marchesseau, Daniel. Marie Laurencin, Catalogue raisonné de lœuvre gravé, Tokyo, éd, Marie Laurencin, Catalogue raisonné de lœuvre peint,2 vol. Musée Marie Laurencin,1985 &1999 Marchesseau, Daniel, Marie Laurencin, Cent Œuvres du musée Marie Laurencin, Martigny, Fondation Pierre Gianadda,1993 Marchesseau, Daniel, Marie Laurencin, Paris, Musée Marmottan Monet / Hazan,2013 Otto, Elizabeth. Memories of Bilitis, Marie Laurencin beyond the Cublist Context, Pierre, José. com Musée Marie Laurencin, JapanMarie Laurencin – Marie Laurencin, c. 1912, Paris
20. Blanche Lazzell – Blanche Lazzell was an American painter, printmaker and designer. Known especially for her woodcuts, she was an early modernist American artist, bringing elements of Cubism. Born in a farming community in West Virginia, Lazzell traveled to Europe twice, studying in Paris with French artists Albert Gleizes, Fernand Léger. In 1915, she began spending her summers in the Cape Cod art community of Provincetown, Massachusetts and she was one of the founding members of the Provincetown Printers, a group of artists who experimented with a white-line woodcut technique based on the Japanese ukiyo-e woodblock prints. Nettie Blanche Lazzell was born October 10,1878 on a farm near Maidsville, West Virginia to Mary Prudence Pope and her father was a direct descendant of Reverend Thomas and Hannah Lazzell, pioneers who settled in Monongalia County after the American Revolutionary War. The Lazzells were devout Methodists, attending the Bethel Methodist Episcopal Church, the ninth of ten children, she was nicknamed Pet by her older brother Rufus, a name that her family would continue to use throughout her life. She grew up on the 200 acre family farm, attending a one-room schoolhouse on the property where students from the first through eighth grades were taught from October through February and her mother died when she was twelve. When Lazzell was fifteen, she enrolled in the West Virginia Conference Seminary in Buckhannon, probably sometime prior to her entering the Seminary she became partially deaf, although the exact origin of her condition is unclear. In 1894 she sought treatment from a Baltimore doctor who blamed her deafness on catarrh, in 1899, Lazzell enrolled in the South Carolina Co-educational Institute. Upon graduation later that year, she became a teacher at the Red Oaks School in Ramsey, in spring of 1900, she returned to Maidsville, where she tutored her younger sister, Bessie. Lazzell was matriculated into the West Virginia University in 1901 and decided to fine art. While her education was paid for by her father, she kept an account of her expenditures and took a job coloring photographs at Frieds. She took drawing and art classes from William J. Leonard. In June 1905 Lazzell was graduated, earning her degree in fine arts and she continued to study at WVU off and on until 1909, furthering her art studies and twice substituting as a painting teacher for Hubbard. During this time she learned ceramics, gold etching, and china decoration and she enrolled in the Art Students League of New York in 1908 where she studied under painters Kenyon Cox and William Merritt Chase. Georgia OKeeffe attended the league during the period, but it is not clear whether the two attended classes together. In 1908, Lazzells father died and she left the Art Students League, Lazzell boarded the SS Ivernia on July 3,1912 bound for Europe on a summer tour arranged by the American Travel Club. The tour began in England and continued through the Netherlands, Belgium, and Italy, in August she left the tour and traveled to Paris, where she stayed at a pension in Montparnasse on the Left BankBlanche Lazzell – Lazzell in Manhattan, circa 1908
21. Louis le Brocquy – Louis le Brocquy was an Irish painter born in Dublin. His work received many accolades in a career spanned some seventy years of creative practice. The same year he married the Irish painter Anne Madden and left London to work in the French Midi, the artists work is represented in numerous public collections from the Guggenheim, New York to the Tate Modern, London. In Ireland, he is honoured as the first and only painter to be included during his lifetime in the Permanent Irish Collection of the National Gallery of Ireland. The Head Image, IMMA Series, with a contribution by Louis le Brocquy ‘The Human Head, Notes on painting, ISBN 0-946641-58-7 Madden le Brocquy, Anne, Louis le Brocquy, A Painter Seeing his Way,317 pp.118 duotones. Limited to 250 numbered copies, signed and numbered by the artist, bound in dark grey cloth, black Morocco spine, stamped in silver, housed in publishers matching slip-case, Kennys Bindery, Galway. ISBN 0-946641-29-3 Morgan, George, Louis le Brocquy, Procession, ISBN 0-907085-13-X London, Gimpel Fils, Louis le Brocquy, Watercolours,20 May –14 June 1947. Dublin, The Victor Waddington Galleries, Paintings and Tapestries by Louis le Brocquy, December 1951 Los Angeles, Esther Robles Gallery, Zürich, Galerie Leinhard, Louis le Brocquy, January 1961. London, Gimpel Fils, Louis le Brocquy,12 September –10 October 1961, Dublin, Municipal Gallery of Modern Art, Louis le Brocquy, A Retrospective Selection of Oil Paintings 1939 –1966,8 November –11 December 1966. Texts by Francis Bacon, Anne Crookshank Louis le Brocquy, Jacques Dupin The Paintings of 1964 –1966, belfast, Ulster Museum, Louis le Brocquy, A Retrospective Selection of Oil Paintings 1939 –1966,19 December –1 January 1967. ASIN, B0006CH5G4 Zürich, Gimpel & Hanover Galerie, Louis le Brocquy, texts by Anne Crookshank, Jacques Dupin, Herbert Read, Robert Melville. New York, Gimpel Weitzenhoffer, Louis le Brocquy,27 April –15 May 1971, st. Paul, Fondation Maeght, Louis le Brocquy,9 March –8 April 1973. Texts by Claude Esteban ‘Histoire Calcinée’, Jacques Dupin ‘Louis le Brocquy’, London, Gimpel Fils Gallery, Louis le Brocquy, 1–26 October 1974. Text by John Montague ‘The Later le Brocquy’, ASIN, B0007AJR34 Dublin, Dawson Gallery, Louis le Brocquy, Studies Towards an Image of W. B. Yeats,26 November –13 December 1975. Text by le Brocquy ‘Studies Towards an Image of W. B. Yeats’, Paris, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville, Louis le Brocquy, A la Recherche de W. B. Yeats. Cent Portraits Imaginaires,15 October –28 November 1976, texts by Jacques Lassaigne, John Montague ‘Les visages de Yeats’, le Brocquy ‘A la recherche de Yeats’. Genoa, Galleria d’Arte San Marco dei Giustiniani, Genova, Louis le Brocquy, texts by le Brocquy ‘Studies towards an Image of James Joyce’, John Montague ‘Jawseyes’. ASIN, B0007BIC1G New York, Gimpel Weitzenhoffer, Louis le Brocquy, Studies Towards an Image of James Joyce, montreal, Waddington Galleries, Louis le Brocquy, Studies Towards an Image of James Joyce, November 1978Louis le Brocquy – Medb relieving herself (1969) by le Brocquy
22. Henri Lebasque – Henri Lebasque was a French post-impressionist painter. His work is represented in French museums, notably Angers, Geneva, Lille, Nantes, Lebasque died at Cannet, Alpes Maritimes in 1937. He started his education at the École régionale des beaux-arts dAngers, there, Lebasque started studying under Léon Bonnat, and assisted Ferdinand Humbert with the decorative murals at the Panthéon. Around this time, Lebasque met Camille Pissarro and Auguste Renoir, from his first acquaintance with Georges Seurat and Paul Signac, Lebasque learnt the significance of a colour theory which stressed the use of complementary colours in shading. Lebasque was a member of the Salon dAutomne in 1903 with his friend Henri Matisse. Two years later, a group of artists exhibited there including Georges Rouault, André Derain, Henri Ottmann, Édouard Vuillard, and Matisse. Lebasque also became friends with such as Gustave Rouault, Raoul Dufy, Louis Valtat, and Henri Manguin. His time in South of France would lead to a transformation in Lebasque’s paintings. Other travels included the Vendée, Normandy, and Brittany, Lebasque had some commercial success during his lifetime. He worked on the decorations at the theatre of the Champs-Elysées and of the Transatlantique sealiner. gouv. fr Sur Le Balcon - Henri Lebasque at the gallery Georges Petit archive. orgHenri Lebasque – Henri Lebasque, photo c.1900
23. Sonia Lewitska – Lewitska Sopfia was a Polish woman painter and printmaker working in France. Sonia Lewitska was a Post-Impressionist painter, printmaker and illustrator and she moved to Paris in 1905 to study painting. Sonia Lewitska engaged in an art without losing what a poet called the gift of childhood. Independent, she eschewed all art theory and only investigated the best means of translating her own interior vision into art, Lewitska was another early member of the Parisian group. In 1905 she settles in Paris and continued her studies at a Jean Marchand, beginning as a cubist and fauvist, she moved into a Post-Impressionist style and became known for her illustrations of limited edition books. She exhibited at the Salon dAutomne, the Salon des Indépendants, the Section dOr, the Salon des Tuileries, in 1933 she took part in Salon de Echanges. Thereby she supported her friends in times of economic crisis in the countrySonia Lewitska – Sonia Lewitzka
24. Evan Lindquist – Evan Lindquist is an American artist and printmaker, and the Artist Laureate for the State of Arkansas, 2013-2017. He has concentrated on the medium of engraving for more than 50 years. His compositions are memorable for their emphasis on calligraphic lines, Evan Lindquist was born in Salina, Kansas. His father was a retailer in nearby Solomon, Kansas. In 1938, the moved to Odessa, Missouri. In 1945, the moved to Emporia, Kansas, where he was enrolled in the Laboratory Training School on the campus of Emporia State University. In 1950, he began working, for the next 10 years, by 1952 his work was national in scope, including hand-lettered fraternity charters and certificates of membership for Alpha Kappa Lambda fraternity. In 1954, he graduated from Emporia High School and enrolled as a freshman at Emporia State University and he was employed as a Biology Lab Teaching Assistant, and later, he served as Staff Artist in the Graphic Arts and Printing Departments. A legendary aunt, Christina Lillian, had inspired Lindquist to become an artist himself, in 1958, Lindquist earned the B. S. degree at Emporia State University, and he married artist Sharon Huenergardt. He continued working for ESU as Staff Artist until 1960 when Evan and Sharon moved to Iowa City, from 1960 to 1963, he studied printmaking with Prof. Mauricio Lasansky at the University of Iowa, earning the M. F. A. degree in printmaking. In 1963, he began teaching in the Art Department at Arkansas State University in Jonesboro and he was awarded the rank of Emeritus Professor of Art, and he continues creating prints in his private studio in Jonesboro, Arkansas. Lindquist has concentrated on the process of engraving for printmaking since 1960. His best-known works have explored the topics of string theories, Academe, old master engravers, labyrinths and his series depicting old master engravers began about 2006. By 2016, the series had grown to include fantasies and satires about several of the most important, a Lindquist self-portrait is similar to this series. Most of these engravings combine elements of truth with wild fantasy, judith K. Brodsky wrote in Man with a Burin, Legacy, Evan Lindquist, Bradbury Gallery, Lindquist engraves himself sitting at a chess board, rather than hunched over an engraving plate. The iconography implies that as an artist, he has power over his images the way chess players have over their pieces, but the player is also subject to risks and may lose as well as win. This self-portrait is typical of the intricacy and complex meaning of Lindquist’s iconography in this series, the guy takes a raw plate, a needle and burin, and hes just carving away slightly, and hes just taking proof after proof. Hes obsessive in his mark making and making sure that it works completely all the way through and his original prints may be seen in many public collections in United States and other countriesEvan Lindquist – Evan Lindquist, 1976, engraving a copper plate
25. Frans Masereel – Frans Masereel was a Flemish painter and graphic artist who worked mainly in France. He is known especially for his woodcuts and his greatest work is generally said to be the wordless novel Passionate Journey. He completed over 20 other wordless novels in his career, masereels woodcuts influenced Lynd Ward and later graphic artists such as Clifford Harper and Eric Drooker. Frans Masereel was born in the Belgian coastal town Blankenberge on 31 July 1889 and he moved to Ghent in 1896, where at the age of 18 he began to study at the École des Beaux-Arts in the class of Jean Delvin. In 1909, he visited England and Germany, which inspired him to make his first etchings, in 1911 Masereel settled in Paris for four years and then emigrated to Switzerland, where he worked as a graphic artist for journals and magazines. Masereel could not return to Belgium at the end of World War I because, being a pacifist, the magazine was first published in Antwerp in August 1919. It was an artistic and literary journal published in French, the magazines title Lumière was a reference to the French magazine Clarté, which was published in Paris by Henri Barbusse. The principal artists who illustrated the text and the column headings in addition to Masereel himself were Jan Cantré, Jozef Cantré, Henri van Straten, together, they became known as De Vijf or Les Cinq. Lumière was a key force in generating renewed interest in engraving in Belgium. The five artists in the De Vijf group were instrumental in popularizing the art of wood, copper, masereels woodcut series, mainly of sociocritical content and expressionistic in form, made Masereel internationally known. Among them were the wordless novels 25 Images of a Mans Passion, Passionate Journey, The Sun, The Idea, Story Without Words, at that time Masereel also drew illustrations for famous works of world literature by Thomas Mann, Émile Zola, and Stefan Zweig. In 1921 Masereel returned to Paris, where he painted his famous street scenes and he lived for a time in Berlin, where his closest creative friend was George Grosz. After 1925 he lived near Boulogne-sur-Mer, where he painted predominantly coast areas, harbour views, during the 1930s his output declined. In 1940 he fled from Paris and lived in cities in Southern France. At the end of World War II Masereel was able to resume his work and produced woodcuts. After 1946 he taught at the Hochschule der Bildenden Künste Saar in Saarbrücken, in 1949 Masereel settled in Nice. Between 1949 and 1968, he published series of woodcuts that differ from his earlier novels in picture in comprising variations on a subject instead of a narrative. He also designed decorations and costumes for theatre productionsFrans Masereel – Frans Masereel in his studio, by Jules De Bruycker
26. Judith Mason – Judith Mason was a South African artist who worked in oil, pencil, printmaking and mixed media. Her work is rich in symbolism and mythology, and displays a rare technical virtuosity, Judith Mason was born in Pretoria, South Africa, in 1938. She matriculated at the Pretoria High School for Girls in 1956, in 1960, she was awarded a BA Degree in Fine Arts at the University of the Witwatersrand. Several of Masons works deal with the atrocities uncovered by the Truth, Mason died in White River 29 December 2016. Mason was politically aware and was motivated by a social conscience. Her work is informed by people, creatures, events and sometimes works of poetry and her images run the gamut from expressionist through representational, humorous and starkly symbolic. The history, mythology and ritual of Christianity and the eastern religions provided a fund of inspiration for her work. Mason felt that formalised theology has destroyed the spiritually-nourishing mythological character of primitive religion, a beautifully drawn or painted face often gives way to a gaping, snarling monster. The beauty/ugliness, or abjection, dichotomy in Mason’s work is no other than an expression of how awful pain is, Mason also stated that All the arts are forms of play. The Man Who Sang and The Woman Who Kept Silent, comprising three paintings and a mixed media sculpture, have come to constitute the signature piece of the Constitutional Courts collection. They told of the execution of two liberation movement cadres by the security police, as the TRC found, before NdwandWe was killed, she fashioned a pair of panties for herself out of a scrap of blue plastic. I am an agnostic humanist possessed of religious curiosity who regards making artworks as akin to alchemy, to use inert matter on an inert surface to convey real energy and presence seems to me a magical and privileged way of living out my days. Judith Mason,2004 Hyenas like artists, are scavengers prowling on the edge of society, I love hyaenas because of their other-worldly whooping, their ungainliness and their bad hair. I also regard the animal as a very apt image of the id in opposition to the ego and the super-ego, the monkey on my back. In the three lithographs I have depicted The Muse by Day as a Hyaena in guinea fowls clothing, in the Muse by Night I have concentrated on the animal as far-seeing, seer-like with the coat of spots as shamans eyes. In Muse Amused I have tried to celebrate a generally despised animal having an existential guffaw. Judith Mason,2006 Major retrospective, Judith Mason A Prospect of Icons Standard Bank Gallery 2 - October -6 December 2008 and Sasol Art Museum, catalogue published in conjunction with the exhibition. Masons artists books were showcased in Washington DC at the National Museum for African Art for the Artists Books, undiscovered Animals June 2016 was her final exhibitionJudith Mason – Judith Mason and squirrel monkey October 1980
27. Bernard Meninsky – Bernard Meninsky was a figurative artist, painter of figures and landscape in oils, watercolour and gouache, draughtsman and teacher. Meninsky was born in Konotop, in Ukraine and he attended the Liverpool School of Art from 1906 after initially attending evening classes in art. He won the King’s Medal in 1911 and went on to study briefly at Royal College of Art in London, after being awarded a scholarship Meninsky was able to study at the Slade School of Fine Art in 1912–13. During World War I, Meninsky served in the Royal Fusiliers, the Ministry of Information commissioned Meninsky in May 1918 to produce a series of paintings based around the arrival of a Leave Train from the Front at a London railway terminus. He was naturalised as a British Citizen in 1918 but had a breakdown and was discharged from service after six months as a Ministry of Information war artist. Bernard Meninsky held his first solo show at Goupil Gallery in 1919 along with The London Group, in 1920 he was appointed as a tutor of life drawing at the Westminster School of Art, where he was renowned as a superb figure draughtsman. In this period he was associated with the Bohemian Bloomsbury Group. He published Mother and Child,28 Drawings in 1928 and illustrated the 1946 volume of Miltons poems LAllegro, in 1935 he designed sets for the ballet David for the Markova-Dolin Company. In 1940 he moved to Oxford City School of Art, Meninsky suffered from mental illness for much of his life and committed suicide in 1950. A Meninsky memorial exhibition was organised by the Arts Council in 1951–52, bernard Meninsky by John Russell Taylor, Redcliffe Press,1990 List of Bloomsbury Group people Modern British Art Philip MeninskyBernard Meninsky – The Arrival (1918) (Art.IWM ART 1186)
28. John Nash (artist) – John Northcote Nash CBE, RA was a British painter of landscapes and still-lives, and a wood engraver and illustrator, particularly of botanic works. He was the brother of Paul Nash, his sister Barbara Nash became a gardener. Nash was born in London, the son of lawyer William Harry Nash who served as recorder of Abingdon. His mother came from a family with a tradition, she was mentally unstable. In 1901 the family moved to Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire, Nash was educated at Langley Place in Slough and afterwards at Wellington College, Berkshire. He particularly enjoyed botany, but was unsure which path to take. At first he worked as a reporter for the Middlesex and Berkshire Gazette. His brother became a student at the Slade School of Art the same year, John Nash had no formal art training, but was encouraged by his brother to develop his abilities as a draughtsman. His early work was in watercolour and included Biblical scenes, comic drawings, a joint exhibition with Paul at the Dorien Leigh Gallery, London, in 1913 was successful, and John was invited to become a founder-member of the London Group in 1914. He was an important influence on the work of the artist Dora Carrington, in 1915 Nash joined Harold Gilman in Robert Bevans Cumberland Market Group and in May that year exhibited with Gilman, Charles Ginner and Robert Bevan at the Goupil Gallery. He served as a sergeant at the Battle of Passchendaele and at the battle of Cambrai, on the recommendation of his brother, Paul worked as an official war artist from 1918. In 1914 Nash began painting in oils with the encouragement of Harold Gilman, Nashs most famous painting is Over the Top, now hanging in the Imperial War Museum. It is an image of the counter-attack at Welsh Ridge on 30 December 1917, during which the 1st Battalion Artists Rifles left their trenches, of the eighty men, sixty-eight were killed or wounded during the first few minutes. Nash was one of the twelve spared by the shell-fire, the Cornfield, held by the Tate Gallery, was the first painting Nash completed that did not depict the theme of war. The picture with its view of the landscape and geometric treatment of the corn stooks prefigures his brother Pauls Equivalents for the Megaliths. John said that he and Paul used to paint for their own pleasure only after six oclock, hence the long shadows cast by the evening sun across the middle of the painting. Nash married Carringtons friend Dorothy Christine Kühlenthal in May 1918 and she was the daughter of a German chemist who had settled in Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire, and had studied at the Slade. Their only child, William, was born in 1930, he was killed in a car accident in 1935, from 1918 to 1921, Nash lived at Gerrards Cross, with summer expeditions to the Chiltern Hills and GloucestershireJohn Nash (artist) – Over The Top, (1918), (Art. IWM ART 2243)
29. Judy Ongg – Judy Ongg is an actress, singer, author, and woodblock-print artist from Taiwan. Born in Taipei, she graduated from Sophia University in Tokyo, Japan and her career has spanned more than four decades. Judy made her debut in the 1961 Japan-U. S. Production The Big Wave, based on the Pearl S. Buck novel and she enjoyed great popularity in Chinese-speaking countries, and won the Best Actress honor at the ninth Taipei Golden Horse Film Festival. She later won the Special Prize at the 19th Asia Film Festival and she has recorded for Columbia Records, CBS Sony and Toshiba EMI. Her 1979 hit Miserarete sold two million copies, Ongg has had at least one song appear on the NHK program Minna no Uta, and has appeared on the New Years Eve spectacular Kōhaku Uta Gassen with songs Miserarete in 1979 and Reika no Yume in 1980. One of her most popular songs is The Story of O-Shin and this song pushed her popularity among many fans of the series in Hong Kong. Judy wasnt fluent in Cantonese, therefore, her accented Cantonese made the song very catchy, in television, Judy took roles in contemporary dramas and jidaigeki, including Edo o Kiru. She has also appeared in stage productions. Judy was offered the role of Mariko in the television miniseries Shogun and it was eventually played by Yoko Shimada. In 1999, Judy organized and produced the Heart Aid charity concert at the Tokyo International Forum to raise money for survivors of the Chi-Chi earthquake in Taiwan. Her film credits run to nine titles, television dramas,31, variety,11, radio,2 and her music credits include over 40 singles and albums. Her prints have received numerous awards, the Big Wave Spirit Chaser Aisha Storm Riders Kaseifu ha mita. The Pillow Book Vampire Hunter D, Bloodlust American Pastime Official website Judy Ongg Fan Site Judy Ongg at the Internet Movie DatabaseJudy Ongg – Ongg at a fundraising event in Taipei after the 2014 Kaohsiung gas explosions
30. Outlaw Printmakers – The Outlaws of Printmaking, also known as “The Outlaws” and “Outlaw Printmakers” are a collective of printmaking artists that exists internationally. They formed as a show in New York in Big Cat Gallery in 2000, many of the artists associated with the movement cite the printmaker/artist Richard Mock as a primary influence. Mocks political and social narrative prints appeared in the New York Times op-ed pages for more than a decade in the 1980s and early 1990s. Organized by Tom Huck, the exhibition titled “Outlaw Printmaking” started touring the nation in 2003 including works by Sue Coe, Michael Krueger, Peregrine Honig. Richard Mock was a printmaker, painter, sculptor, and editorial cartoonist, Mock was best known for his linocut illustrations that appeared on the Op-Ed page of The New York Times from 1980 through 1996. Born in 1944 in Long Beach, California, Mock earned his bachelors degree, studying lithography and block printing, at the University of Michigan. Settling in New York City in 1968, Mock had exhibitions at 112 Greene Street, The Whitney, Exit Art, in addition, Mocks art frequently appeared on the covers of the magazines Fifth Estate, Alternative Press Review and Anarchy, A Journal of Desire Armed. His work has been cited as an influence by a number of contemporary American printmakers, among them Tom Huck and Bill Fick. Huck and Fick are both members of a group of known as the Outlaw Printmakers, which as a collective unit cite Mocks work as one of its main influences. Mock died on July 28,2006 after a long illness, Bill Fick moved to the United States when he was young and he received his B. A. from Duke University in 1986 and his M. F. A. from University of North Carolina-Greensboro in 1990. Bill Fick is currently the Visiting Assistant Professor at Duke University and he has exhibited in several solo and group shows nationally and internationally including the Czech Republic, New Zealand, and Finland. In addition, throughout his career, Fick has acted as a visiting artist, artist in residence, sean Starwars is a printmaker living and working in Laurel, Mississippi. He is a relief printmaking artist specializing in woodcut printmaking, sean Starwars recently completed a project titled One Woodcut a Week and is currently working on his new project One Woodcut a Day. Sean Starwars B. A. from Old Dominion University in 1996, on his name “At first it amused him to have professionals address him as “Mr. Starwars, ” but he soon discovered it was also a great marketing tool for his woodcuts. “My real last name is pretty common, ” he said, “This is a way I could stand out. ””Tom Huck is an American printmaker best known for his large scale satirical woodcuts. He lives and works in St. Louis, Missouri where he runs his own press and he is a regular contributor to BLAB. of Fantagraphics Books. The often Strange and Humorous occurrences, places, and people in these towns offer a source of inspiration for my prints. Huck is represented by David Krut Art Projects in New York, New York, Sherry Leedy Contemporary Art in Kansas City, Mo. and Eli Ridgway Gallery in San Francisco, in September 2011 Huck was awarded a Pollock-Krasner Foundation grantOutlaw Printmakers – "Country Croc 2" from the "One Woodcut a Week" project
31. Endi E. Poskovic – His woodcut prints invoke influences as disparate as early cinema, classic Japanese woodblock prints, devotional pictures, and Eastern European Propaganda poster. Between 1985 and 1989, Poskovic performed traditional music of Southeastern Europe, since 1991, Poskovic has lived in New York, Indiana, California, North Carolina, Illinois, Nebraska, and Michigan where he has taught at several universities and colleges. In 2015, Poskovic was awarded a Fulbright Program U. S, writing for the Omaha Reader, artist Mary Day states that Gazing at one of these prints becomes an apprehension of the unseen and unknown. The unknown being what came before, and after, this particular moment captured in an amalgam of image, text, paper, poskovics Crossing Series assimilates memory and reality as a way to underscore a personal tale of discovery. The achromatic lithographs, based on small aluminum models Poskovic makes, are filmed, the classical drawing’s translation through lithography’s dense method pays homage to the history of the process invented in 1796 by German author and playwright Alois Senefelder. In these works, Poskovic invokes the works of Frederic Edwin Church, Caspar David Friedrich, Edvard Munch, and Winslow Homer. This hybrid blend of drawing, print, and animation creates an amalgam of possibilities, State Department Art in Embassies Program, Grand Valley State University, Indianapolis Museum of Art, Burchfield Penney Art Center, Art Museum of Estonia, and many others. Senior Scholar Grant 2011-12 - John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship 2010 - John D, essay Catalog of the exhibition Souffrance et LAventure Plains Art Museum,7 December 2000 –11 February 2001. Jacqueline van Rhyn Catalog essay published on occasion of the exhibition, Endi Poslovic, Endiana and other tales, amy N. Worthen Catalog essay published on occasion of the exhibition Endi Poskovic, Large Color Woodcuts, Des Moines Art Center,22 September 2006 –4 February 2007. ISBN 1-879003-47-3 Andrew Stevens Catalog essay published on occasion of the exhibition Endi Poskovic, They Are All Indespensible, eric Mathew Brochure essay published on occasion of the exhibition Endi Poskovic, Merry Folly and the Mt. Blanca at Open Studio,28 May –20 June 2009. Irfan Hošiċ Catalog essay published on occasion of the exhibition Bosanskohercegovačka umjetnost nakon 11/9 Gradska Galerija Bihaċ, 2–23 July 2009Endi E. Poskovic – Endi Poskovic Sunny Day over the Bay in Orange and Deep Blue with Red
32. Gwen Raverat – Gwen Mary Raverat, née Darwin, was an English wood engraver, who was a founder member of the Society of Wood Engravers. Her memoir Period Piece was published in 1952, Gwen Mary Darwin was born in Cambridge in 1885, she was the daughter of Sir George Howard Darwin and his wife Lady Maud Darwin, née Maud du Puy. She was the granddaughter of the naturalist Charles Darwin and first cousin of the poet Frances Cornford and she married the French painter Jacques Raverat in 1911. They had two daughters, Elisabeth, who married the Norwegian politician Edvard Hambro, and Sophie Jane, Raverat is buried in the Trumpington Extension Cemetery, Cambridge with her father. Her mother Lady Maud Darwin was cremated at Cambridge Crematorium on 10 February 1947, there is a memorial to Raverat in Harlton Church, Cambridgeshire, where her family and friends donated towards the restoration of the church in her memory. Cambridge and the associated with it remained very much the centre of her life. Darwin College, Cambridge, occupies both her home, Newnham Grange, and the neighbouring Old Granary where she lived for the last years of her life. The college has named one of its student accommodation houses after her, Raverat was one of the very first wood engravers recognised as modern. She was influenced by the Impressionists and Post-Impressionists and developed her own style of engraving. One of her first wood engravings to appear in a book was Lord Thomas and Fair Annet in The Open Window, balston credits her with having produced one of the first two books illustrated with modern wood engravings. This was Spring Morning by her cousin Frances Cornford, published by the Poetry Bookshop in 1915, much of Raverats work was for friends from Cambridge and appeared in books with small editions. She found a public with the London Mercury which reproduced many of her engravings. The most famous are perhaps the engravings Six Rivers Round London which were produced for the London General Omnibus Company, most of Raverats commissions for book illustrations date from the 1930s. The first was for a set of engravings for Kenneth Grahames classic anthology The Cambridge Book of Poetry for Children and this was published by the Cambridge University Press and printed at the press by Walter Lewis. The Cambridge University Press took almost as much care with their printing as a private press, four Tales and The Bird Talisman were illustrated with colour wood engravings. Brooke Crutchley, Lewiss successor at the press, was responsible for printing the collection of Raverats work by Reynolds Stone and her experience of a real private press, St John Hornbys Ashendene Press, was rather more mixed. Raverat spent a year producing 29 wood engravings for an edition of Les Amours de Daphne et Chloe by Longus and it appeared in 1933, five years after the project started. The first edition had printed on Japanese vellum, but was scrapped when the ink failed to dry properlyGwen Raverat – Her childhood home, now part of Darwin College
33. Julian Stanczak – Julian Stanczak was a Polish-born American painter and printmaker. The artist lived and worked in Seven Hills, Ohio with his wife, Julian Stanczak was born in Borownica, Poland in 1928. At the beginning of World War II, Stanczak was forced into a Siberian labor camp, in 1942, aged thirteen, Stanczak escaped from Siberia to join the Polish army-in-exile in Persia. After deserting from the army, he spent his years in a hut in a Polish refugee camp in Uganda. In Africa, Stanczak learned to write and paint left-handed and he then spent some years in London, before moving to the United States in 1950. In 2007, Stanczak was interviewed by Brian Sherwin for Myartspace, during the interview, Stanczak recalled his experiences with war and the loss of his right arm and how both influenced his art. Stanczak explained, The transition from using my left hand as my right and my youthful experiences with the atrocities of the Second World War are with me, - but I wanted to forget them and live a normal life and adapt into society more fully. In the search for Art, you have to separate what is emotional, I did not want to be bombarded daily by the past, - I looked for anonymity of actions through non-referential, abstract art. The Op Art movement was named after his first major show, Julian Stanczak, Optical Paintings and his work was included in the Museum of Modern Arts 1965 exhibition The Responsive Eye. In 1966 he was named a New Talent by Art in America magazine, in the early 1960s he began to make the surface plane of the painting vibrate through his use of wavy lines and contrasting colors in works such as Provocative Current. These paintings gave way to more complex compositions constructed with geometric rigidity yet softened with varying degrees of color such as Netted Green. In addition to being an artist, Stanczak was also a teacher, having worked at the Art Academy of Cincinnati from 1957–64 and as Professor of Painting, at the Cleveland Institute of Art and he was named Outstanding American Educator by the Educators of America in 1970. Stanczak deployed repeating forms to create compositions that are manifestations of his visual experiences, stanczaks work is an art of experience, and is based upon structures of color. In the 1980s and 1990s Stanczak retained his geometric structure and created compositions with bright or muted colors, weisman Art Museum at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota Frederick R. Julian Stanczak, Decades of Light McClelland, ElizabethJulian Stanczak – Artists
34. Nathaniel Stern – Nathaniel Stern is an interdisciplinary artist who works in a variety of media, including photography, interactive art, public art interventions, installation, video art, net. art and printmaking. He is currently an Associate Professor of Art at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee and he later taught digital art at the University of the Witwatersrand, while also practicing as an artist, in Johannesburg, South Africa from 2001 -2006. He holds a PhD from Trinity College in Dublin, Ireland, Sterns interactive art is centered around bodily provocations, often asking his viewers to perform — whether publicly or privately. His pieces attempt to get people to move in ways they normally wouldnt and his early and ongoing Compressionist prints, conversely, ask Stern himself to move in ways he normally wouldnt. These are colored in PhotoShop, then printed on metallic paper and/or transformed into hand-made prints, using more traditional techniques. Sterns video art tends to be in a writing style. Sterns interventionist projects are always site-specific, playful and political, in his Wireframe Series, for example, he has volunteers from the streets of Dubrovnik, Croatia or Johannesburg, South Africa, physically erect temporary, 3D architectural structures made of rope. Each of these public spaces are activated only through their contact with people. Sterns Distill Life works, multimedia collaborations with Milwaukee artist Jessica Meuninck-Ganger that began in 2009, combine various forms of printmaking with video. Here the artists mount translucent prints and drawings on top of video monitors, the works pay homage to and cite a number of artists, including Diego Velázquez, Katsushika Hokusai, Eadweard Muybridge, Claude Monet, Jan van Eyck, William Kentridge, Utagawa Hiroshige and others. And Sterns Second Life-based mixed reality art work explores the juxtaposition of old and new media and illuminates the possibilities, Given Time, for example, enacts a permanent connection between two simulated people staring wordlessly at each other across real space. According to John Mitchell, Stern uses Second Life as a medium much like oil paint or marble, in the gallery, they exist on two large screens facing each other, and the viewer may only encounter them by walking between the screens. The piece directly references both the book Given Time, by Jacques Derrida, and the art work Untitled, by Félix González-Torres, Stern is an advocate of Creative Commons, with his blog, and many of his pieces, under CC or GPL. He has been a member of iCommons since its inception, and was an artist in residence with them in 2006 and 2007. He believes that as people as possible need to see art. On February 14,2009, Stern and Scott Kildall created a Wikipedia article called Wikipedia Art that was simultaneously a self-referential performance art piece called Wikipedia Art, the resulting controversy received national coverage, including an article in The Wall Street Journal. The Wikimedia Foundation later claimed Stern and Kildall had infringed on the Wikipedia trademark with their own website, the artists publicly released a letter they received in March 2009 from a law firm requesting that they turn over their domain name to Wikipedia. Mike Godwin, then the legal council, later stated that they would not pursue any further legal actionNathaniel Stern – Nathaniel Stern scanning lilies in Indiana
35. Frithjof Tidemand-Johannessen – Carl Frithjof Tidemand-Johannessen was a Norwegian designer, illustrator, writer, author and craftsman. He is best known today for his prints and for the decorative works on the Torshov Church in Oslo. Tidemand-Johannessen received his education at the Norwegian National Academy of Craft and Art Industry 1935–37 under Per Krohg. Tidemand-Johannessen then began studies at the Berlin University of the Arts, after that, he participated in an illegal, underground academy in Berlin for about a year, and made study trips to Austria and Hungary. During World War II, Tidemand-Johannessen participated in the defense of Norway in 1940 and he was arrested in February 1941 by the Nazi authorities. For a year and a half, between February 1941 and July 1942, he was being moved between the prisons in Åkebergveien and Møllergaten 19, then, from 9 July 1943 onwards he was imprisoned at Grini concentration camp. Tidemand-Johannessen was editor-in-chief of the magazine Avant-garden, which was published by the Young Communist League of Norway until the liberation from German occupation in 1945 and he continued in this position when the magazine became legal after the war. In the late 1940s he also served as a culture journalist/writer for Friheten, in his time Tidemand-Johannessen became well known, and to some degree controversial, because of his radical ideas about art. In an interview in the Oslo newspaper Verdens Gang in 1953, as a result, he could produce graphic art of high technical quality at prices most people could afford. Tidemand-Johannessen married Blanche Aanesen and had two children, of whom the son Kjeld Tidemand-Johannessen also became an artist, Tidemand-Johannessen produced most of his graphic art during the years 1946–1958. Much of this work is in the medium of woodcut prints and he is considered to be part of the Norwegian color-woodcut school, along with others like Paul René Gauguin. While his early work has described as lyrical, his later work is far more stylized. The woodcut To kvinner from 1954 is an example of his later work and it is part of Storebrands art collection. The series was published in an English version, distributed by Johan Grundt Tanum Bokhandel. Before the war, Tidemand-Johannessen participated in Høstutstillingen in Oslo in 1936,1937 and 1939, from 1946 he had several solo exhibitions, and was represented in many group shows – in Norway, Europe and Brazil. After his death in 1958 there was an exhibition of his work in Galleri Per in Oslo. Tidemand-Johannessen is represented in the collections of the National Gallery of Norway, with eight prints, as well as in several other Norwegian galleries, Tidemand-Johannessen collaborated with the architect Ulf Nyquist and designed the decorative elements for Torshov Church in Oslo. The church was inaugurated on Whitsunday in 1958, and is considered to be the first modern building of its kind in NorwayFrithjof Tidemand-Johannessen – Carl Frithjof Tidemand-Johannessen
36. Henriette Tirman – Jeanne-Henriette Tirman was a French woman painter and printmaker. Henriette Tirman was a Post-Impressionist painter, printmaker and illustrator with an association with figures of the Bloomsbury Group and she was the daughter of doctor Charles-Louis-Henry Tirman and Berte Hanonet de La Grange and also the niece of Senator Louis Tirman. She lived in the family of her brother, Councillor of State Alexandre-Louis-Albert Tirman in Paris,22 rue de lYvette and her art was influenced by Cézanne. She painted in a manner that respected Cézannes ideas of composition, simple tonality, solidity of volume. While Matisse represented the reflective and rationalized aspects in the group, Tirman embodied a more spontaneous, the painter exhibited at the Salon de Champs-Élysées starting in 1897. In 1900 she had participated at the Exposition Universelle of Paris, in 1915 she participated at the Exhibition of French and Belgian Art Panama–Pacific International Exposition. In 1919 she was working on illustrations of La Gebre periodical in Woodcut technique together with Paul Signac, Henri Ottmann, in 1920, Tirman exhibited at the Gallery Marcel Bernheim together with Henri Manguin, Henri Ottmann and others. Since 1920s Henriette Tirman exhibited at the annual Salon des Tuileries in Paris, in 1933 she took part in Salon de Echanges. Thereby she supported her friends in times of economic crisis in the country. Also as Othon Friesz she was part of group of artists called Artistes de ce Temps, after decease of her brother in 1939 she moves to Sèvres, to madam Berthe-Marie Cazin wife of ceramist Jean-Michel Cazin and lives in her house at 30 avenue de Bellevue. She was rewarded with the rank of Officier dAcademieHenriette Tirman – Henriette Tirman, by Jean Marchand (1883-1940)
37. Toyen – Marie Čermínová, known as Toyen, was a Czech painter, draftsperson and illustrator and a member of the surrealist movement. From 1919 to 1920, Toyen attended UMPRŮM in Prague and he worked closely with fellow Surrealist poet and artist Jindřich Štyrský until Štyrskýs death. They joined the Devětsil group in 1923 and exhibited with the group, in the early 1920s Toyen travelled to Paris, and soon returned there with Štyrský. While living in Paris, the two founded an alternative to Abstraction and Surrealism, which they dubbed Artificialism. They returned to Prague in 1928, Toyen referred to himself in the masculine case out of rejection for gender in true avant-garde fashion. He purposefully cast aside the confining trappings of femininity in order to access the almost exclusively male modernist art world, toyens sketches, book illustrations, and paintings were frequently erotic and he contributed erotic sketches for Štyrskýs Eroticka Revue. This journal was published on strict subscription terms based on a circulation of 150 copies, Štyrský also published books under the imprint Edice 69, some of which Toyen illustrated. For example, he illustrated the Marquis de Sades Justine, also of note, he contributed pieces in Die Frau als Künstlerin, Woman as an Artist, the prestigious 1928 survey of women artists in Western civilization. Toyen and Štyrský gradually grew more interested in Surrealism, after their associates Vítězslav Nezval and Jindřich Honzl met André Breton in Paris, they founded the Czech Surrealist Group along with other artists, writers, and the composer Jaroslav Ježek. The two relocated to Paris in 1947, before the Communist takeover of Czechoslovakia in 1948, in Paris, they worked with André Breton, Benjamin Péret, and other surrealists. Eroticism, Identity, and Cultural Context, Toyen and the Prague Avant-garde, doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh,2008Toyen – Toyen in 1930
38. Julian Trevelyan – Julian Otto Trevelyan, RA was a British artist and poet. Trevelyan was the child to survive to adulthood of Robert Calverley Trevelyan. Julian Trevelyan was educated at Bedales School and Trinity College, Cambridge and he moved to Paris to become an artist, enrolling at Atelier Dix-Sept, Stanley William Hayters engraving school, where he learned etching. He worked alongside artists including Max Ernst, Oskar Kokoschka, Joan Miró, in 1935, Trevelyan bought Durham Wharf, beside the River Thames in Hammersmith, London. This became his home and studio for the rest of his life and was a source of inspiration to him. He became a confirmed Surrealist and exhibited at the International Surrealist Exhibition, from 1950 to 1955, Trevelyan taught history of art and etching at the Chelsea School of Art. In 1969, he produced the Thames Suite, a collection of 12 views of the Thames from its upper reaches in Oxford and Henley-on-Thames down to the stretches of London. Along with other such as Roland Penrose, during the Second World War. He was a member of the Royal Engineers from 1940 to 1943, serving in North Africa, arriving in the Western Desert town of Tobruk, North Africa, Trevelyan realized that standard British army green and brown splotches were ineffective as desert camouflage. He and the other camoufleurs, working under Hugh Cott and Geoffrey Barkas, became expert at desert camouflage, in July 1986, Trevelyan was awarded a senior fellowship at the Royal College of Art and in September 1987 he was appointed a Royal Academician. He married the potter Ursula Darwin, daughter of Bernard Darwin and she was a great-granddaughter of Charles Darwin, their marriage was dissolved in 1950. Their son is the film-maker Philip Trevelyan, trevelyans second wife was the painter Mary Fedden, they married in 1951. Trevelyan died on 12 July 1988 in Hammersmith, London, trevelyans first solo exhibition was at the Lefevre Gallery in 1937. His work has exhibited at the Bloomsbury Gallery, Messums and the New Burlington Galleries in London. To celebrate the centenary of his birth, an exhibition of his prints was held at Pallant House Gallery in Chichester from 10 May to 13 June 2010, Bohun Gallery, Henley on Thames, handle the artists estate, and stages regular exhibitions of his paintings and etchings. 105 of his artworks are now held in the collection of the Tate Gallery, Trevelyan recorded some of his experiences in his book Indigo days, MacGibbon and Kee, London,1957. Bohun Gallery, Henley on Thames held a retrospective of the artists work Julian Trevelyan, Picture Language 23 April -1 June 2013. The exhibition launched the new monograph on Julian Trevelyan, written by his son Philip TrevelyanJulian Trevelyan – Julian Trevelyan