See also Category:Navarrese infantas
Pages in category "Navarrese infantes"
The following 16 pages are in this category, out of 16 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
See also Category:Navarrese infantas
The following 16 pages are in this category, out of 16 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Charles II of Navarre – Charles II, called Charles the Bad, was King of Navarre 1349–1387 and Count of Évreux 1343–1387. Thus, in Northern France, he possessed Évreux, Mortain, a portion of Cotentin. His horrific death by burning was widely considered God's justice upon him. He was born in Évreux. In October 1349, Charles assumed the crown of Navarre. In order to be anointed, Charles II visited his kingdom in summer 1350. For the first time, the oath was taken than Latin or Occitan as it was customary, i.e. Navarro-Aragonese. Charles hoped to the crown of France. However, Charles was unable to wrest the throne from his Valois cousins, who were senior to him by agnatic primogeniture. Charles II commanded the army which captured Port-Sainte-Marie on the Garonne in 1352. He married Joan of Valois, the daughter of King John II of France. This agreement, too, did not last. Charles of Navarre continued to advise the Dauphin how to govern that province. Their bodies suspended from chains. He was then moved from prison to prison for greater security.Charles II of Navarre – Charles II
2. Charles III of Navarre – Charles III was born at Mantes-la-Jolie. He married daughter of Henry II of Castile, in 1375, putting an end to the conflict between Castile and Navarre. As king, his politics were peace with France, Castile, Aragon, England, matrimonial alliance. He collaborated in a war on the Kingdom of Granada. By the Treaty of Paris, he made peace with France. In 1413, he created a sort of supreme court. He created the title Prince of Viana to the throne entitling his grandson Charles in 1423. He finished construction on the great Gothic Cathedral of Pamplona. When it comes to Navarre's policy, he decreed the watershed unification of Pamplona's boroughs in 1423, after over three centuries of division and rivalry. He also built the royal palace at the Royal Palace of Olite, where he died in 1425. His Joanna married Henry IV of England.Charles III of Navarre – Festivities attending Charles being crowned in Pamplona, from the contemporary Grandes Chroniques de France
3. Henry I of Navarre – Henry the Fat was King of Navarre and Count of Champagne and Brie from 1270 until his death. Henry was the youngest son of Bourbon. During the reign of his older brother Theobald II he held the regency during many of Theobald's numerous absences. In 1269, Henry married Blanche of Artois. He was thus in the "Angevin" circle in international politics. Henry I's proclamation at Pamplona, however, did not take place till his coronation was delayed until May 1273. His first act was the swear to uphold the Fueros of Navarre and then go to perform homage to Philip III of France for Champagne. Henry came at the height of an economic boom in Navarre, not happening elsewhere in Iberia at as great a rate. But by the Treaty of Paris, the English had been ceded rights in Gascony that effectively cut off Navarrese access to the ocean. Henry allowed the Pamplonese burg of Navarrería to disentangle itself from the union of San Nicolás, effected in 1266. He also granted privileges to the towns of Estella, Viana, fostering urban growth. His relations with the nobility were, on the whole, friendly, though he was prepared to maintain the peace of his realm at nearly any cost. Henry initially sought to recover territory lost to Castile by assisting the revolt of King Alfonso X of Castile's brother Philip in 1270. He eventually declined, preferring to establish an alliance with Castile through the marriage of his son Theobald in September 1272. This failed with the death of the young Theobald after he fell in 1273.Henry I of Navarre – Henry I
4. Henry II of Navarre – Henry succeeded Queen Catherine, upon her death. His father was King John III, who died in 1516. After the latest failed attempt of Navarre in 1516, John III died, followed by Catherine I's demise in her independent dependencies of Béarn. Heir apparent Henry was lavishly crowned in Lescar. A French and Navarrese expedition were ultimately repelled by Charles after the Battle of Noain. By her, he was consequently the grandfather of Henry IV of France. After the Treaty of Cambrai between Castile and France, Charles V evacuated the northernmost county of Navarre, Lower Navarre, allowing Henry to seize it. The Pyrenean border between Lower and Upper Navarre now constitutes the Franco-Spanish border in this sector. Henry was fluent in both French and Spanish, according to the seigneur de Brantôme. He died at Hagetmau on 25 May 1555. "name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. |}Henry II of Navarre – Henry II by an unknown French painter
5. Henry IV of France – Henry IV, also known by the epithet "Good King Henry", was King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. Henry was the French monarch of the House of a branch of the Capetian dynasty. Henry, as Head of the House of Bourbon, was a male-line descendant of "first prince of the blood". Upon distant cousin Henry III of France in 1589, he was called by the Salic law. He initially kept the Protestant faith and had to fight against the Catholic League, which denied that he could wear France's crown as a Protestant. To obtain mastery over his kingdom, after four years of stalemate, he found it prudent to abjure the Calvinist faith. As a pragmatic politician, he displayed an unusual religious tolerance for the era. Notably, he promulgated the Edict of Nantes, which guaranteed religious liberties to Protestants, thereby effectively ending the Wars of Religion. He was assassinated by a fanatical Catholic, was succeeded by his son Louis XIII. Considered a usurper by some Catholics and a traitor by some Protestants, Henry became target of at least 12 assassination attempts. The "Good King Henry" was remembered for his geniality and his great concern about the welfare of his subjects. He was celebrated in the popular song Vive le roi Henri and in Voltaire's Henriade. Henry was born in Pau, the capital of the joint Kingdom of Navarre with the sovereign principality of Béarn. His parents were her consort, Antoine de Bourbon, King of Navarre. Although baptised as a Roman Catholic, he was raised by his mother, who had declared the religion of Navarre.Henry IV of France – Henry IV
6. Henry, Count of Montescaglioso – The primary source for Henry's life is the Sicilian court chronicler known as Hugo Falcandus. Henry is an extremely unfriendly source to Henry. This is contradicted by the actions of his sister, who always treated him as a full brother of royal blood. Henry's name, also, is evidence of legitimacy, for he was probably named after King García's illustrious grandfather, Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, known as El Cid. Falcandus sums up Henry's character thus: This Henry was low in stature, had a thin beard and a disagreeably dark complexion. Upon his arrival in Sicily Margaret made him change his name from Rodrigo, which sounded strange to the more palatable Henry. He arrived between May and September 1166. His sister had been, since the death of her husband, William I of Sicily, regent in the name of William II. In a short time after, perhaps before his arrival, Henry was married to an illegitimate daughter of Roger II and thus his sister's sister-in-law. On this occasion Henry was invested with Montescaglioso on the mainland, probably to keep him out of court politics. He first paid a visit to Palermo, the location of his nephew's court. There too he fell in with criminals, so that the queen was forced to order him to leave the island and go to Montescaglioso. In the summer of 1167, he returned to Palermo in order to obtain a part in the government of the whole kingdom. By the summer his and Margaret's cousin, had replaced Richard. Stephen and Henry appear to have been the leaders, unwillingly, of two opposed court factions seeking to dominate the regency.Henry, Count of Montescaglioso – The Kingdom of Sicily as it was in Henry's time.
7. Jacques de Foix, Count of Montfort – Jacques de Foix, was a Count of Montfort and "Captal Buch," and the so-called “Infante of Navarre”. He was Governor of Lower Navarre for the king. He Married a second time in 1495 to daughter of Louis de Beaumont, 2nd Count de Lerín and his wife Leonor de Aragón. His second wife had one child, Jean de Foix, abbot of Saint-Volusien-de-Foix. Jacques also had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: Jacques de Foix, Bishop of Oloron and Lescar. Jacques de Foix, Inft of Navarre died in 1500A.D.Jacques de Foix, Count of Montfort – References 
8. Louis, Duke of Durazzo – Louis of Évreux was the youngest son of Philip III of Navarre and Joan II of Navarre. He became Duke of Durazzo in right of his second wife, Joanna, in 1366. Louis's first marriage was to Maria de Lizarazu in 1358. He took part in the war against the Dauphin Charles. His second marriage to Joanna, Duchess of Durazzo brought the rights to Durazzo and the Kingdom of Albania, which he strove to recover. He received assistance in this undertaking for Durazzo was in the hands of Charles Thopia. In 1372, he brought over the Navarrese Company of mercenaries, who had fought during the war in France, to assist him in taking Durazzo. Their ranks swelled considerably in 1375 with new recruits directly from Navarre. Many documents survive telling us of the complex nature of the military engineering, undertaken to ensure success. This they attained, taking the city in midsummer 1376. Louis died shortly after. Setton, Kenneth M. A History of the Crusades: Volume III — The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries. Harry W. Hazard, editor. University of Wisconsin Press: Madison, 1975.Louis, Duke of Durazzo – Arms of Louis
9. Francis Phoebus of Navarre – Francis Phoebus was king of Navarre, Viscount of Bearn, Count of Foix. He was the son of Gaston, Prince of Viana, grandson of Queen Eleanor, whom he succeeded. She recommended him to ally with France. During his brief reign, he was under the protection of his mother, the regent Magdalena of Valois. He died aged 16 while playing the pipe, arguably poisoned. He was buried in Lescar. Orpustan, Jean-Baptiste. La Basse-Navarre dans la guerre de Navarre, récit historique, d’après Navarra, 1512-1530… de Pedro Esarte Muniain. . Osses: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan. Pp. 1–25. Retrieved 22 April 2016 – via Tipirena.net.Francis Phoebus of Navarre – Francis Phoebus of Foix, King of Navarre.
10. Sancho VI of Navarre – Sancho VI Garcés, called the Wise, was king of Navarre from 1150 until his death in 1194. His reign was full of clashes with Castile and Aragon. He was architectural accomplishments date to his reign. He is also responsible for bringing his kingdom into the political orbit of Europe. By the Accord of Soria, Castile was eventually confirmed in its possession of conquered territories. In 1190, the two neighbours again signed a pact in Borja of mutual protection against Castilian expansion. He died on 27 June 1194, in Pamplona, where he is interred. In 1157, Sancho married Sancha, daughter of Alfonso VII of Castile.Sancho VI of Navarre – Incompletely preserved seal of Sancho VI, riding a horse and holding a sword and a lance, with a large Norman shield
11. Sancho VII of Navarre – Sancho VII Sánchez, called the Strong or the Prudent, was the King of Navarre from 1194 to his death. His retirement at the end of his life has given rise to the alternate nickname el Encerrado or "the Retired." The historian and forensic anthropologist, Luis del Campo, who studied his mortal remains, affirms that he was 2.23 metres in height. Sancho and Richard were reputed to have been good friends and close allies, even before the marriage brought them together. The French took advantage of Richard's captivity in Germany and captured certain key fortresses of the Angevin dominions including Loches. When Richard returned to his continental lands in 1194, the knights of Sancho were besieging the castle for him. As soon as Richard arrived though, Sancho was forced to return to Navarre at the news of the death of his father. He was crowned in Pamplona on 15 August. He arrived late at the Battle of Alarcos in 1195 and thus ruined good relations with the Castilian sovereign Alfonso VIII. The ensuing confrontation resulted in Sancho devastating Soria and Almazán and Alfonso accepted the Peace of Tarazona. These conquests were subsequently confirmed by the Treaty of Guadalajara. His leadership was decisive in the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in the year 1212. Sancho's troops cut the chains guarding the tent and Slavic guards ring of the Miramamolín, supreme commander of the Al-Andalusian Forces. His relations with the countries north of the Pyrenees were notably better than his Castilian ones. Sancho continued the construction of a new cathedral in Pamplona, as begun by his father and to be finished by his successor.Sancho VII of Navarre – Sancho’s sarcophagus
12. Theobald II of Navarre – Theobald II, called the Young, was Count of Champagne and Brie and King of Navarre from 1253 until his death. Theobald was the eldest son of his third wife, Margaret of Bourbon. He succeeded to his father's titles at only fourteen years of age. His mother acted until 1256 when Theobald came of age. On 27 he affirmed the Fueros of Navarre, which limited his power by putting him under the counsel of a tutor from among the aristocracy. He could not make judgements without a council of twelve of noblemen. Theobald was not content, however, to be so restricted before his twenty-first birthday. They supported him nevertheless because he granted them rights, prestige, political clout. He extended the fueros of Pamplona to Tiebas -- nowadays in ruins and depopulated -- and Torralba Del Río. He founded Espinal in 1269. Theobald continued the struggle with the bishop of Pamplona started during his father's reign. In other affairs, Theobald continued the policies of his father. He administered the first census. The count of 1266 indicated a population of 150,000 inhabitants in Navarre. Theobald found support in Louis IX of France, who supported his fellow kings with consistency.Theobald II of Navarre – A dinero from Theobald II's reign, bearing the inscription Tiobald rex de Navarie
13. Charles, Prince of Viana – Charles, Prince of Viana, sometimes called Charles IV of Navarre, was the son of King John II of Aragon and Queen Blanche I of Navarre. His mother was the daughter and heiress of King of Navarre. Agnes died, childless, on 6 April 1448, eight years after her aged only about twenty-six. After her death, the prince took Brianda de Vaca, by her had an illegitimate son, born about 1449. John became king of Aragon, while Charles was offered the crowns of Naples and Sicily. Having been reconciled with his father returned to Navarre in 1459. The Catalans rose in his favor. This insurrection soon became John was obliged to yield. He recognized him as perpetual governor of Catalonia, heir to the kingdom. Soon however, on 23 September 1461, the prince died at Barcelona, not without a suspicion that he had been poisoned by his stepmother, Joanna Enriquez. Charles was a amiable prince, fond of music and literature. "name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press.Charles, Prince of Viana – Charles IV