Category:Painters who committed suicide
Pages in category "Painters who committed suicide"
The following 44 pages are in this category, out of 44 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 44 pages are in this category, out of 44 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. George Ault – George Copeland Ault was an American painter. Though influenced by Cubism and Surrealism, his most lasting work is of a realist nature. Returning in 1911, he spent the rest of his life in New York and New Jersey. His personal henceforth was troubled. He became alcoholic after the death of his mother in a mental institution. Each of his three brothers committed suicide, two after the loss of the family fortune in the 1929 stock market crash. Although he had exhibited his works by the early 1930s his neurotic behavior and reclusiveness had alienated him from the gallery world. In 1937, Ault tried to put his difficulties in the past. In Woodstock the couple lived a penurious existence in a small rented cottage that had indoor plumbing. Depending on Louise for income, Ault had difficulty selling them. The death was deemed a suicide by the coroner. In his lifetime, his works were displayed among others. Ault worked in oil, pencil. He is often grouped with Precisionist painters such as Ralston Crawford because of his unadorned representations of architecture and urban landscapes. Ault painted what he saw around him, portraying the underlying geometric patterns of structures.George Ault – Bright Light at Russell's Corners (1946)
2. Oscar Florianus Bluemner – Oscar Bluemner, born Friedrich Julius Oskar Blümner and after 1933 known as Oscar Florianus Bluemner, was a German-born American Modernist painter. Bluemner was born on June 21, 1867. He studied painting and architecture in Berlin. Bluemner moved to Chicago in 1893 where he freelanced at the World's Columbian Exposition. After the exposition, he attempted to find work in Chicago. In 1901, he relocated to New York City where he also was unable to find steady employment. In 1903, he created the winning design in New York although it is credited to Michael J. Garvin. The scandal that arose around this took down president Louis Haffen for corruption and fraud. In 1908 Bluemner met Alfred Stieglitz, who introduced him to the artistic innovations of the American avant-garde. By 1910, Bluemner had decided to pursue painting full-time rather than architecture. He exhibited in the 1913 Armory Show. Then in 1915 Stieglitz gave him at his gallery 291. He created paintings in the 1930s. After his wife's death in 1926, Bluemner moved to Massachusetts. From there in 1932 he contributed a letter in the New York Times on the question "What is American Art?".Oscar Florianus Bluemner – 1903 self-portrait
3. James E. Brewton – James Edward Brewton was an American painter and printmaker who synthesized expressionism, graffiti and Pataphysics. He was committed suicide in Philadelphia at age 36, on May 11, 1967. At the time of his death, Brewton was beginning to distinguish himself as one of Philadelphia's premier printmakers. While in his teens, Brewton studied painting with John Charvet. At 21, Brewton served in the Korean War. He did well, climbing to the rank of sergeant. Combat changed him, however: He became a pacifist, painting antiwar works. He was increasingly plagued by debilitating spine problems. Although Brewton's style became inspired by graffiti, his training was traditional. Taking advantage of the G.I. Bill, he studied at the Ruskin School at Oxford in 1954-55 and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts from 1955 through 1958. At PAFA, Brewton was a protégé of Franklin C. Watkins and Hobson Pittman. Brewton riffed off of Duchamp's work throughout his life. Brewton later befriended Jorn, living for months at a time. Strong influences were André Breton and Alfred Jarry.James E. Brewton – Jim Brewton arriving home from Korea
4. Herman Brood – Hermanus "Herman" Brood was a Dutch musician and painter. As a musician he was called "the greatest and only Dutch rock'n' roll star". Later in life he started a successful career as a painter. His suicide, according to a poll organized to celebrate fifty years of popular music, was the most significant event in its history. Herman Brood started playing the piano at age 12. He founded beat band The Moans in 1964, which would later become Long Tall Ernie and the Shakers. Brood was removed by management when the record company discovered he used drugs. For a number of years Brood was in jail, or abroad, had a number of short-term engagements. They played the club and bar circuit, In 1977 the band released their first album, Street. The band now played all over the Netherlands, playing as many gigs as possible. They are still best known for Shpritsz -- a play on the German word Spritze for syringe -- from 1978. This album contained Brood anthems like "Dope Sucks," "Rock & Roll Junkie," and their Dutch hit single, "Saturday Night." The band went over the years; the best-known formation was Freddy Cavalli, Dany Lademacher, Cees ` Ani' Meerman. A frequent contributor was Bertus Borgers. Brood's outspoken statements in the press about sex and use brought him into the Dutch public arena even more than his music.Herman Brood – Herman Brood in 1987
5. Patrick Henry Bruce – Patrick Henry Bruce was an American cubist painter. A descendant of Patrick Henry, Bruce was born in Campbell County, Virginia, the second of four children. His family had once owned Berry Hill, worked by over 3,000 slaves. Berry Hill Estate originally was part of a 105,000-acre tract granted to William Byrd II. The Civil War left the Bruces' wealth greatly diminished. Bruce began taking evening classes in 1898, while working in a real estate office during the daytime. His earliest known extant painting dates from 1900. In 1902 he moved to New York, where he studied with William Merritt Chase, Kenneth Hayes Miller. By February 1904 he was in Paris, where he would live until 1933. Bruce met many of the leading artists of the early twentieth century avant garde. The style of his mature work anticipated the Purism developed in the 1920s. In his paintings of 1918 and later, hard-edged geometric forms are rendered in evenly applied, flat colors. His work was admired by Marcel Duchamp and may have influenced the style adopted by his former teacher, Matisse, in his mural La Danse. Intensely self-critical, Bruce destroyed only about one hundred works remain. He committed suicide in New York City on November 12, 1936.Patrick Henry Bruce – Painting, oil on canvas, 23 3 ⁄ 4 × 36 3 ⁄ 8 " (60.3 × 92.4 cm)c. 1929–1930
6. William Henry Coffin – William Henry "Haskell" Coffin was a painter and commercial artist who flourished in the early decades of the twentieth century. His work appeared on posters that the US government commissioned. Coffin was born on October 21, 1878, the son of Julia and George Mathewes Coffin. When he was young, his family moved to Washington, DC, where he attended the Corcoran School of Art. He was one of the most highly paid illustrators of his era. Coffin was married twice. His second wife was actress Frances Starr; they eventually divorced. Coffin was being treated in an institution in St. Petersburg, Florida when he leapt from an upper-story window and died. The date was May 1941. His remains were cremated.William Henry Coffin – References 
7. Willis E. Davis (painter) – Davis's mother was a young widow whose first husband died while in Hawaii. She married Isaac E. Davis in the early 1850s. The couple had four children: Horace who died in childhood. He traveled east to get his education at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. A member of the class of 1877, Davis graduated early in 1876 with a degree in literature, intending to go into the mining business. Returning after college, he settled in San Francisco, taking residence among other well-to-do citizens in Pacific Heights at 2501 Scott Street. Davis established a business at 211 Drumm Street in downtown San Francisco near the docks. Once a year at the end of May Davis administered entrance examinations to local MIT candidates. Davis also served on the board of the Edison Light and Power Company of San Francisco. Retiring from the field of engineering, he began caring little for the opinions of others. He served on its board of directors from 1894. By 1904 Davis was the club's treasurer. In 1902 he spent a few weeks sketching scenery with his painter friend John Marshall Gamble. In December 1903 he brought four canvases to this annual event, gaining particular attention for his landscape titled Orange County Hills. In 1910, Davis's paintings were said by writer Sophia P. Comstock to have brought record-breaking prices.Willis E. Davis (painter) – Davis painted this Lake Tahoe scenery beginning in mid-1906.
8. Edward Dayes – Edward Dayes was an English watercolour painter and engraver in mezzotint. In the three following years he exhibited both landscapes. He continued contributing a total of 64 works. He also was an exhibitor at the Society of Artists. Dayes drew from nature including the Lake District and Wales. Much of his topographical work depicted ruins, painted in a palette dominated by blues and greens, which had an influence on the early work of J.M.W. Turner. He laid out detailed rules for the correct method of laying down the colours in landscape in his Instructions for Drawing and Colouring Landscapes, published posthumously. Graham Reynolds sees Dayes' work as "mark the transition from the eighteenth to the nineteenth century". All these works were engraved. He was draughtsman to the Duke of York and Albany. Thomas Girtin, was his pupil. One after George Morland, another after John Raphael Smith, two humorous scenes called Rustic Courtship and Polite Courtship. He wrote an Excursion through Derbyshire and Yorkshire, Essays on Painting, Professional Sketches of Modern Artists. He committed suicide at the end of May 1804.Edward Dayes – Edward Dayes, self-portrait from 1801.
9. Thomas Foster (painter) – Thomas Foster was an Irish portrait painter. He entered the schools of the Royal Academy, where he exhibited from 1819 to 1825. He died in 1826. Amongst his portraits are: Miss Tree. Right Hon. John Wilson Croker. Sir Henry Bishop, the composer.Thomas Foster (painter) – v
10. Richard Gerstl – Richard Gerstl was born in a prosperous civil family, Emil Gerstl, a Jewish merchant, Maria Pfeiffer, non-Jewish woman. He had to leave because of difficulties of discipline. Early in his life, Gerstl decided to become an artist, much to the dismay of his father. Gerstl began what he felt was pretentious art. This eventually prompted his vocal professor to proclaim, "I piss in the snow!" Frustrated with the lack of acceptance of his non-secessionist style, Gerstl continued to paint without any formal guidance for two years. For the summers of 1901, Gerstl studied under the guidance of Simon Hollósy in Nagybánya. Inspired by the more liberal leanings of Heinrich Lefler, Gerstl again attempted formal education. Unfortunately, his refusal to participate in a procession in honor of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria led to his departure. Gerstl felt that taking part in such an event was "unworthy of an artist." His final exit from Lefler's studio took place in 1908. In 1905, Gerstl shared a studio with his former academy classmate and friend, Viktor Hammer. Regardless of their personal feelings, by 1906, Gerstl had acquired his own studio. Although Gerstl did not associate with other artists, he did feel drawn to the musically inclined; he himself frequented concerts in Vienna. Around 1907, he began with composers Arnold Schoenberg and Alexander von Zemlinsky, who lived in the same building at the time.Richard Gerstl – Self-portrait, 1904–1905
11. John William Godward – John William Godward was an English painter from the end of the Neo-Classicist era. His style of painting fell out of favour with the arrival of painters such as Picasso. His already estranged family, who had disapproved of his becoming an artist, burned his papers. No photographs of Godward are known to survive. Godward was lived in Wilton Grove, Wimbledon. He was born to John Godward. He was the eldest of five children. He was named after grandfather William. He was christened at St. Mary's Church on 17 October 27 1861. The overbearing attitude of his parents made him shy later in adulthood. He exhibited from 1887. Godward returned to England in 1921, is buried in Brompton Cemetery, west London. One of his best known paintings is Dolce far Niente, purchased for the collection of Andrew Lloyd Webber in 1995. Godward was a Victorian Neo-classicist, therefore, a follower in theory of Frederic Leighton. In addition, meticulously rendered other important features in his paintings, animal skins and wild flowers.John William Godward – Nerissa (1906) by John William Godward
12. Arshile Gorky – Arshile Gorky was an Armenian-American painter, who had a seminal influence on Abstract Expressionism. He spent most his life as a national of the United States. Along with Willem de Kooning, Gorky has been hailed as one of the most powerful American painters of the 20th century. As such, his works were often speculated to have been informed by the suffering and loss he experienced of the Armenian Genocide. Gorky was born on April 15, 1904, in the village of Khorgom, situated on the shores of Lake Van in the Ottoman Empire. In later years he was vague about his date of birth, changing it from year to year. In 1908 his father emigrated to America to avoid the draft, leaving his family behind in the town of Van. In 1915 Gorky escaped into Russian-controlled territory. In the aftermath of the genocide, Gorky's mother died of starvation in Yerevan in 1919. Arriving in America in 1920, the 16-year-old Gorky was reunited with his father, but they never grew close. In 1922, Gorky enrolled in the New School of Design in Boston, eventually becoming a part-time instructor. During the early 1920s he was influenced by Impressionism, although later in the decade he produced works that were more postimpressionist. During this time he was living in New York and was influenced by Paul Cézanne. In 1927, Gorky met Ethel Kremer Schwabacher and developed a lifelong friendship. Schwabacher was his first biographer.Arshile Gorky – Arshile Gorky in December 1936
13. Elmyr de Hory – Most of the information regarding de Hory's early life comes from what he told American writer Clifford Irving, who wrote the first biography about him. However, subsequent investigation has suggested that Elmyr's childhood was, more likely, of an ordinary, middle class variety. He was born Elemér Albert Hoffmann on April 14, 1906. Both his parents were Jewish. His father's occupation was listed as "Wholesaler of handcrafted goods." His parents did not divorce when Elmyr was sixteen as he asserted in the Clifford Irving biography. An updated account of de Hory's life appears in Mark Forgy's memoir, The Forger's Apprentice: Life with the World's Most Notorious Artist. At the age of 16, he began his formal art training in the Hungarian art colony of Nagybánya. At 18, he joined the Akademie Heinmann art school in Munich, Germany to study classical painting. In 1926 he moved to Paris, enrolled in the Académie la Grande Chaumière, where he studied under Fernand Léger. This harsh reality and the economic shock waves of the Great Depression dimmed any prospects of his making a living from his art. New evidence indicates charges and arrests for minor crimes during the late 1920s and 30s. He returned to Hungary at the outbreak of the Second World War. Shortly after, he became involved with a British journalist and suspected spy. This friendship landed him in a Transylvanian prison for political dissidents in the Carpathian Mountains.Elmyr de Hory – Elmyr de Hory
14. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner – Kirchner volunteered for army service in the First World War, but was discharged. In 1933, in 1937, over 600 of his works were sold or destroyed. In 1938, Kirchner committed suicide by gunshot. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner was born in Aschaffenburg, Bavaria. His mother was a descendant of the Huguenots, a fact to which Kirchner often referred. The institution provided a wide range of studies in addition such as freehand drawing, perspective drawing and the historical study of art. While in attendance, Kirchner became close friends with Fritz Bleyl, whom Kirchner met during the first term. They also studied nature, having a radical outlook in common. He continued studies in Munich 1903 -- 1904, returning to Dresden in 1905 to complete his degree. In 1905, Kirchner, along with two other architecture students, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff and Erich Heckel, founded the artists group Die Brücke. From on, Kirchner committed himself to art. They responded both to past artists such as Albrecht Dürer, Lucas Cranach the Elder, as well as contemporary international avant-garde movements. As part of the affirmation of their national heritage, they revived particularly woodcut prints. The group met initially in Kirchner's first studio, which had previously been a butcher's shop. Kirchner's studio became a venue which overthrew social conventions to allow casual frequent nudity.Ernst Ludwig Kirchner – Photographic self-portrait 1919
15. Vilho Lampi – Vilho Henrik Lampi was a Finnish painter, best known for his self-portraits and paintings of Liminka and the people who lived there. Lampi was lived in Liminka for most of his life. Lampi committed suicide by jumping from a bridge to Oulujoki while visiting in Oulu. Unto Immonen: Vilho Lampi, lakeuden melankoolikko in Suomen taiteen vuosikirja 1956–1957, Porvoo, 1957. Paavo Rintala: Jumala on kauneus, Otava, 1959. Eeli Aalto: Vilho Lampi, lakeuden maalari: esittelyä ja taustaa, Arvi A. Karisto, Hämeenlinna, 1967. Marja Junttila et al.: Vilho Lampi 1898–1936, ARS Nordica & Kustannus Pohjoinen, 1998 ISBN 951-749-312-6 Eeli Aalto: Vilho Lampi, Lakeuden maalari, 1966. Hannu Heikinheimo: Jumala on kauneus, 1985. Kaija Viinikainen: Jumala on kauneus, Kajaanin kaupunginteatteri, 1981. Kristian Smeds: Jumala on kauneus, Teatteri Takomo, 2000 and Finnish National Theatre, 2008. Taisto Reimaluoto: Tässä on elämä, Kajaanin Runoviikko, 2001.Vilho Lampi – Vilho Lampi.
16. Alfred Henry Maurer – Alfred Henry Maurer was an American modernist painter. He exhibited his work during the early twentieth century. He died, a suicide, at the age of sixty-four. Maurer was born in New York City. He was the son of a lithographer with a pronounced disdain for modern art. At sixteen, Maurer had to quit school to work at his father's lithographic firm. Finding the instruction at the Academie Julian too limited, he spent most of his copying in the Louvre. His self-portrait from that time expresses the'youthful optimism" of that period of his life. At the time, Maurer worked in a conventional but self-assured style. Comparisons were made to Chase and Sargent. The painting received first prize at the 1901 Carnegie International Exhibition, whose jurors included Thomas Eakins and Winslow Homer. Maurer hoped it would convince his demanding and skeptical father that he could, in fact, paint. In 1905, he won the third medal at the International Exposition in Munich. A successful future beckoned. He acquired esteem in avant-garde circles.Alfred Henry Maurer – "Self portrait" (1897)
17. Wolfgang Paalen – Wolfgang Robert Paalen was a German-Austrian-Mexican painter, sculptor and art philosopher. A member of the Abstraction-Création group from he joined the influential Surrealist movement in 1935 and was one of its prominent exponents until 1942. He rejoined the group between 1954, during his sojourn in Paris. Wolfgang Paalen was born in one of the famous Wienzeilenhäuser designed by Otto Wagner in Vienna, Austria. He was his German wife, the actress Clothilde Emilie Gunkel. Gustav Robert, who had Polish-Ashkenazi and Spanish-Sephardic origins, changed his name from Pollak to Paalen in the same year. In a relatively short period Gustav R. Paalen managed to ascend into the distinguished Viennese upper-class of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In Tobelbad Paalen senior received prominent guests as Gustav Mahler, poet and artist Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando, Julius Meier-Graefe, Ida Zweig, among others. The Paalen family moved to Berlin and to the Silesian city of Sagan, where his father had bought and rebuilt the castle of St. Rochusburg. During the war his parents also engaged a private tutor. The teacher was also an organist who specialized in Johann Sebastian Bach, who thus became Wolfgang's favourite composer. It was under the guidance of his father ´ s friend, the archeologist Ludwig Pollak, that he became an expert in Greek and Roman archaeology. In 1923 he returned to Berlin alone to apply for the Academy. Although unsuccessful, he met his lifelong friend, companion and patron, photographer Eva Sulzer. He then decided to settle in Paris.Wolfgang Paalen – Paalen, c. 1940
18. Erik Pauelsen – Erik Pauelsen was a Danish painter. He was also a popular portraitist. However, in 1790 he committed suicide. Erik Pauelsen was born in Østerballe Parish in some time between 2 and 14 October 1749. From an early age he had his mind set on becoming an artist. He visited Dresden and Berlin on his way back. During his travels he was granted the title of professor in Düsseldorf. He became more and more embittered. He also enjoyed success as a landscape painter. From 1785 to 1786 he decorated a room in Frédéric de Coninck's mansion on Bredgade, now known after a later owner. Murals and overdoors, presented scenes from the environs of Dronningegård, de Coninck's country house north of Copenhagen. In 1788 he brought back a series of landscape paintings which were acquired by the royal painting collections. Pauelsen is most notable for his landscapes. He painted Sarpsfossen, now in the Danish National Gallery. Among those whose portraits he painted were Johannes Ewald, Søren Gyldendal and his wife, Friederike Brun with her daughter Ida Brun.Erik Pauelsen – Self-portrait by Erik Pauelsen
19. Giuseppe Pellizza da Volpedo – Giuseppe Pellizza da Volpedo was an Italian neo-impressionist painter. He was died in the Piedmont region of northern Italy. Pellizza was a pupil of Pio Sanquirico. He used a divisionist technique in which a painting is created by juxtaposing small dots of paint according to specific color theory. Il Quarto Stato, has become a well-known symbol for socialist causes in Italy, throughout Europe. The painting is shown during the opening credits of Bernardo Bertolucci's film 1900 and is currently housed at the Museo del Novecento in Milan. An earlier version is held in the Pinacoteca di Brera. Pellizza hanged himself after the deaths of his son. Museo Giuseppe Pellizza, VolpedoGiuseppe Pellizza da Volpedo – Il Quarto Stato (1901)
20. Heimrad Prem – Heimrad Prem was a German painter born in Roding, Oberpfalz. While studying painting with Ernst Schumacher at Berlin, he formed Gruppe SPUR with Lothar Fischer, Helmut Sturm, Hans-Peter Zimmer. After meeting Asger Jorn, SPUR joined the Situationist International. In 1960 he won a scholarship of Cologne. From 1960 -- 1962 he co-edited the SPUR. In 1961 he visited Oerkelljunga, Sweden with Sturm, Zimmer and Dieter Kunzelmann staying with Jørgen Nash. They continued to work with Nash and others. His first exhibition in the Galerie van de Loo, Munich was also in 1963. In 1965 the SPUR fused with Wir to form the group Geflecht. After a short stay in South Sweden, Prem began to paint under the influence of drugs. After his first attempt in 1971 he traveled in Italy, Turkey and Iran. In 1975 he became a joint founder of the artists' community Kollektiv Herzogstrasse. He became a lecturer in the Schloss Kißlegg. In 1976 he had a special exhibition at Munich. He exhibited in Copenhagen.Heimrad Prem – Heimrad Prem
21. Leno Prestini – Leno Prestini was an American painter and sculptor, active from the 1920s through the early 1960s, mainly in the small town of Clayton, Washington. He had many other interests as well. His skillfully rendered paintings, though reflecting contemporary trends such as Social Realism, were at times unique to the point of eccentricity. Leno Prestini was born Feb. 4, 1906, in the village of Besano near the Swiss border. Luigi and Caterina Prestini, lived and worked in Switzerland for extended periods. The company was renowned for decorative panels. Leno Prestini had shown artistic talent from an early age. By 1931 he was the company's chief modeler, designing decorative tiles, which were marketed under the'WACO' trade name. During the Great Depression, Prestini was sometimes laid off at a time. For a couple of years he worked odd jobs in Chicago, San Francisco, Mexico, Hawaii, various other places. Although he had long been sculpting original terra art pieces, he didn't begin painting seriously until his return to Clayton in 1936. He was likely inspired by Charles Sater, a fellow terra cotta modeler who did religious-themed oil paintings. These same works were better received when he took them to Los Angeles, earning a laudatory article in the Sunday Los Angeles Times. With the advent of American involvement in World War Two, Prestini joined the Army Air Corps, enlisting in September of 1942. At war's end he returned to Clayton, where the local economy was struggling.Leno Prestini – Untitled - '52, by Leno Prestini. Property of Clayton/Deer Park Historical Society.
22. Edmond Thomas Quinn – Edmond Thomas Quinn was an American sculptor and painter. He is best known for his bronze statue of Edwin Booth as Hamlet, which stands at the center of Gramercy Park in New York City. His larger-than-lifesize bronze bust of Victor Herbert stands near The Pond in Central Park, New York City. He studied painting at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts under Thomas Eakins. Following Eakins's February 1886 forced-resignation from PAFA, Quinn followed him to the Art Students League of Philadelphia, later became that short-lived school's curator. In Paris he trained for a time as a sculptor in the studio of Jean Antoine Injalbert. He exhibited regularly at the National Academy of Design, showing paintings in 1891, 1893, 1907. He first showed his sculpture there in 1908, annually for many years, usually portrait busts. He won a silver medal for his sculpture at the Panama-Pacific Exposition, San Francisco, 1915. He also exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, the Art Institute of Chicago. Quinn was recognized as being a fine portraitist whose work "shows taste and conscience." His portrait busts include Franklin Hooper, Sylvester Malone, Edwin Markham, Eugene O'Neill. The National Portrait Gallery has a large number of his portrait busts. Quinn was found drowned off Governors Island, New York City in September 1929, a suicide. Quinn had tried to kill himself four months earlier by drinking poison.Edmond Thomas Quinn – Edwin Booth as Hamlet (1918), Gramercy Park, New York City.
23. Christopher Rave – Christopher Rave was a German painting artist, explorer of polar regions and professor. Rave was a popular painter of naval living in Hamburg. Between 1909 he created about 300 paintings about 8,000 years of navigation. 1911 they were sold in particular. The paintings were reproduces as postcards at two publishers, one from Hamburg, the other one from the Netherlands. In 1910 he experiences the accident of tall ship Preußen as a passenger, running aground close to Dover. In 1912 he was member of German voyage to Spitsbergen. His task was the documentation by paintings. In 1913 Rave published Tagebuch von der verunglückten Expedition Schröder-Stranz: mit Federzeichnungen vom Verfasser. Having cancer of the throat and hardly able to talk Rave shot himself on January 1933. His tomb, designed by his student Valentin Kraus from Munich, is situated on Hamburg Ohlsdorf graveyard. Das Leben und Werk des Marinemalers Christopher Rave. Selbstverlag, Hamburg 1988.Christopher Rave – Postcard-reproduction of painting of SMS Seeadler
24. Mark Rothko – Mark Rothko, born Markus Yakovlevich Rotkovich, was an American painter of Russian Jewish descent. Although Rothko himself refused to adhere to any movement, Rothko is generally identified as an abstract expressionist. With Willem de Kooning, Rothko is one of the most famous postwar American artists. Mark Rothko was born in the Russian Empire. Jacob Rothkowitz, was a pharmacist and an intellectual who initially provided his children with a secular and political, rather than religious, upbringing. According to Rothko, his pro-Marxist father was "violently anti-religious". In an environment where Jews were often blamed for many of the evils that befell Russia, Rothko's early childhood was plagued by fear. Despite Jacob Rothkowitz's modest income, Rothko was able to speak Russian, Yiddish, Hebrew. Fearing that his elder sons were about to be drafted into the Imperial Russian Army, Jacob Rothkowitz emigrated to the United States. Markus remained with his mother and elder sister Sonia. Later, they joined the elder brothers in Portland, Oregon, arriving at Ellis Island in late 1913. Jacob's death a few months later from cancer, left the family without economic support. Sonia operated a register, while Markus worked in one of his uncle's warehouses, selling newspapers to employees. His father's death also led Rothko to sever his ties with religion. After he had mourned his father's death for almost a year at a local synagogue, Rothko vowed never set foot in it again.Mark Rothko – Rothko visiting the Scott family in 1959
25. Octave Tassaert – He was the grandson of the sculptor Jean-Pierre-Antoine Tassaert. Octave's artistic training came from his father Jean-Joseph-François Tassaert and his older brother Paul, before he was apprenticed to the engraver Alexis-François Girard. Next he never won the school's Prix de Rome. Winning popular but not critical success, his works showing poor people's lives were acclaimed by the public. He declined into alcoholism, damaging his eyesight and finally committing suicide by inhaling gas in 1874.Octave Tassaert – Octave Tassaert (date unknown)
26. Death of Vincent van Gogh – Van Gogh died two days later. In 1889, Vincent van Gogh experienced a deterioration in his mental health. As a result of incidents in Arles leading to a public petition, he was committed to a hospital. He was ready to be discharged by March 1889, coinciding with the wedding of his brother Theo to Johanna Bonger. At Salles' suggestion van Gogh chose an asylum in nearby Saint-Rémy. Theo originally resisted this choice, even agreeing to pay the asylum fees. Vincent entered the asylum in early May 1889. Following a trip to Arles, he suffered a serious relapse that lasted a month. This last relapse, described by Jan Hulsker as saddest, lasted until March 1890. I need some air, I feel overwhelmed by grief." On arriving at Auvers, van Gogh's health was still very good. Writing on 21 May to Theo he comments: "I can do nothing about my illness. I am suffering a little now -- the thing is that after that long seclusion the days seem like weeks to me." In the end I was absolutely unable to understand it. Furthermore, an unsent letter to Paul Gauguin which van Gogh wrote around 17 June is quite positive about his plans for the future.Death of Vincent van Gogh – Graves of Vincent van Gogh and his brother Theo
27. Vincent van Gogh – Vincent Willem van Gogh was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter, among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art. In just over a decade he created about 2,100 artworks, including around most in the last two years of his life. His suicide at 37 followed years of mental illness and poverty. Born into an upper-middle-class family, Van Gogh was serious, thoughtful. As a young man he worked as an art dealer, often travelling, but became depressed after he was transferred to London. He turned to religion, spent time as a Protestant missionary in southern Belgium. He drifted in ill health and solitude before taking up painting in 1881, having moved back home with his parents. His younger brother Theo supported him financially, the two kept up a long correspondence by letter. His early works, still depictions of peasant labourers, contain few signs of the vivid colour that distinguished his later work. In 1886 he moved to Paris, where he met members of the avant-garde, including Émile Bernard and Paul Gauguin, who were reacting against the Impressionist sensibility. As his work developed he created a new approach to still lifes and local landscapes. During this period he broadened his matter to include olive trees, cypresses, sunflowers. His friendship with Gauguin ended with a razor when in a rage, he severed part of his left ear. He spent time in psychiatric hospitals, including a period at Saint-Rémy. After he moved in Auvers-sur-Oise near Paris, he came under the care of the homeopathic doctor Paul Gachet.Vincent van Gogh – Self-Portrait, Spring 1887, Oil on pasteboard, 42 × 33.7 cm., Art Institute of Chicago (F 345)
28. Ezra Winter – Ezra Augustus Winter was a prominent American muralist. Winter was born in Michigan, trained at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts in 1908, the American Academy in Rome in 1914. Winter became extremely commanded high prices for his work. In 1924 he taught at the Grand Central School of Art. Winter was a fellow in visual arts at the American Academy in Rome in 1914. Among his best-known works are The Canterbury Tales in the Library of Congress and Fountain of Youth in the foyer of Radio City Music Hall. He also had some affiliates, namely some like gberry on occasions. During World War I Winter was a camouflage designer for the U.S. Shipping Board. He later kept a studio in Falls Village, Connecticut. Winter was associated with the Architectural League of New York. He served on the Connecticut State Commission of Sculpture and the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts, from 1928 to 1933, was a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters. His papers are in the Archives of American Art at the Smithsonian Institution. While painting one of his murals, Ezra Winter took a step back, forgetting the extreme height at which he fell.Ezra Winter – Ezra Winter's Canterbury Tales mural (1939), Library of Congress John Adams Building, Washington, D.C.
29. Emanuel de Witte – Emanuel de Witte was a Dutch perspective painter. In contrast to Pieter Jansz Saenredam, who emphasized architectural accuracy, De Witte was more concerned with the atmosphere of his interiors. Though few in number, de Witte also produced genre paintings. De Witte learned geometry from a schoolmaster. He joined the local Guild of St Luke in 1636. After a stay in Rotterdam, he moved to Delft and studied with Evert van Aelst. In 1651 de Witte settled in Amsterdam where his first wife, Geerje Arents, died in 1655. He then married a 23-year-old orphan, Lysbeth van der Plas, who exercised a bad influence on de Witte's adolescent daughter. In December 1659 both were arrested for theft from a neighbor. Lysbeth, pregnant, had to leave the city for a period of six years; she lived outside the city walls and died in 1663. De Witte forced to indenture himself further as a result. Records tell of his gambling habit and a fight with Gerard de Lairesse. Around 1688 he moved in with Hendrick van Streeck, in exchange for training him as a painter of church interiors. According after an argument about the rent, de Witte hanged himself in 1692. The rope broke and de Witte drowned.Emanuel de Witte – Portrait of a Family in an Interior