Category:Paintings by Lucian Freud
Paintings by Lucian Freud.
Paintings by Lucian Freud.
1. Lucian Freud – Lucian Michael Freud was a British painter and draftsman, specialising in figurative art, and is known as one of the foremost 20th-century portraitists. He was born in Berlin, the son of a Jewish architect and his family moved to Britain in 1933 to escape the rise of Nazism. From 1942-43 he attended Goldsmiths College, London and he enlisted in the Merchant Navy during the Second World War. His early career as a painter was influenced by surrealism, but by the early 1950s his often stark, Freud was an intensely private and guarded man, and his paintings, completed over a 60-year career, are mostly of friends and family. They are generally sombre and thickly impastoed, often set in unsettling interiors, the works are noted for their psychological penetration and often discomforting examination of the relationship between artist and model. Freud worked from life studies, and was known for asking for extended, born in Berlin, Freud was the son of a German Jewish mother, Lucie, and an Austrian Jewish father, Ernst L. Freud, an architect. He was a grandson of Sigmund Freud, and elder brother of the broadcaster, writer and politician Clement Freud, the family emigrated to St Johns Wood, London, in 1933 to escape the rise of Nazism. Lucian became a British subject in 1939, having attended Dartington Hall School in Totnes, Devon and he also attended Goldsmiths College, part of the University of London, in 1942–43. He served as a merchant seaman in an Atlantic convoy in 1941 before being invalided out of service in 1942, in 1943, the poet and editor Meary James Thurairajah Tambimuttu commissioned the young artist to illustrate a book of poems by Nicholas Moore entitled The Glass Tower. It was published the year by Editions Poetry London and comprised, among other drawings, a stuffed zebra. Both subjects reappeared in The Painters Room on display at Freuds first solo exhibition in 1944 at the Lefevre Gallery, in the summer of 1946, he travelled to Paris before continuing to Greece for several months to visit John Craxton. In the early fifties he was a frequent visitor to Dublin where he would share Patrick Swifts studio, in late 1952, Freud and Lady Caroline Blackwood eloped to Paris where they married in 1953. He remained a Londoner for the rest of his life, Freud was part of a group of figurative artists later named The School of London. This was more a collection of individual artists who knew each other, some intimately. The group was led by such as Francis Bacon and Freud. He was a tutor at the Slade School of Fine Art of University College London from 1949 to 1954. Freuds early paintings, which are very small, are often associated with German Expressionism and Surrealism in depicting people, plants. These were painted with tiny sable brushes and evoke Early Netherlandish painting and he would often clean his brush after each stroke when painting flesh, so that the colour remained constantly variableLucian Freud – Lucian Freud
2. Benefits Supervisor Sleeping – Benefits Supervisor Sleeping is a 1995 oil on canvas painting by Lucian Freud depicting an obese, naked woman lying on a couch. It is a portrait of Sue Tilley, then weighing about 127 kilograms, Tilley is the author of a biography of the Australian performer Leigh Bowery titled Leigh Bowery, The Life and Times of an Icon. Tilley was introduced to Freud by Bowery, who was already modelling for him, Freud painted a number of large portraits of her around the period 1994–96, and came to call her Big Sue. He said of her body Its flesh without muscle and it has developed a different kind of texture through bearing such a weight-bearing thing. Freuds painting Benefits Supervisor Resting, sold for £35. 8million in 2015 after his death in 2011, replacing Benefits Supervisor Sleeping as the most expensive Freud painting sold at auction. The painting was exhibited twice at Flowers Gallery,1996, Naked – Flowers East at London Fields 1997, British Figurative Art - Part 1, Painting at Flowers East Lot Details on Christies. comBenefits Supervisor Sleeping – Benefits Supervisor Sleeping, Lucian Freud, 1995.
3. Head on a Green Sofa – Head on a Green Sofa is an oil painting by Lucian Freud executed in 1960-61. It is a portrait of the late Lady Lambton, wife of Antony Lambton, Viscount Lambton and it was sold at Sothebys, London,12 February 2014 by its then owner Edward Lambton, 7th Earl of Durham, for £2,994,500. Lucian Freud, London 1982, p.121, no, exhibition Catalogue, Rome, Palazzo Ruspoli, Lucian Freud, Dipinti e opera su carta 1940-1991,1991, p.22, illustrated. Robert Hughes, Lucian Freud Paintings, London 1993, p.22, bruce Bernard and Derek Birdsall, EdsHead on a Green Sofa – Head on a Green Sofa
4. Portrait of Kitty – Portrait of Kitty is a painting by Lucian Freud of Kitty Garman, his wife and the eldest daughter of the sculptor Jacob Epstein and Kathleen Garman. Completed between 1948 and 1949, this oil on board measures 35 by 24 centimetres, Freud was married to Garman between 1948 and 1952, and the couple had two daughters together, Annie and Annabel. Kitty was the eldest daughter of the sculptor Jacob Epstein and his lover Kathleen Garman, Epstein and Garman were together for over thirty years before they married in 1955, after the death of Epsteins first wife Margaret. Kitty was their child to survive into old age. Her elder brother Theo was a painter, who suffered from schizophrenia and died suddenly aged only 29. Kitty was brought up by her grandmother in Herefordshire, with visits to her mothers house in Chelsea. Epsteins second familys arrangements were rather unconventional and bohemian and he would visit Kittys mother every evening between 6 and 7 pm, at which time no one else was allowed in the house. Kitty studied at The Central School of Arts and Crafts under the tuition of Bernard Meninsky and was taught book illustration by John Farleigh, once she was introduced to Lucian Freud at the Café Royal her own artistic studies took a back seat. Previously Freud had been the lover of Kittys aunt, Lorna Wishart, Kathleens sister and their five-year relationship was turbulent, and became increasingly unstable due to Freuds alleged infidelities and womanising, which took its toll on Kittys health. In 1952 Kitty left Freud and went to live with her parents, in 1955 Kitty married the musician and economist Wynne Godley, having another daughter, Eve, with him in 1967. Kitty has been the subject of portraits, including Freuds famous Girl with a White Dog as well as drawings. More recently she was depicted in a BP Portrait Award winning triptych by the artist Andrew Tift, Freud was known for his intense scrutiny of his subjects, revealing the intimate relationship between artist and sitter. Portrait of Kitty was one of several of his works in which she acted as a model. Kitty was known for her wide-eyed feline features which captivated the artist, most of Freuds sitters were not named, and in Freuds portraits of Garman she was often referred to as Girl, with the exception being this portrait. Utilising a prominent profile arrangement for the portrait, Freud depicts Garman in cool tones against a background of green shutters with areas of peeling paint. Typical of his early style, Freud paints Garmans hair. Freuds painting style began to change in the 1950s, when he moved towards the much freer painting technique he is best known for, Portrait of Kitty is in the Garman Ryan Collection at the New Art Gallery Walsall. This collection was gifted to Walsall in 1973 by Kittys mother Kathleen Garman, Kathleen Garman had been brought up just outside the town and wanted to leave the works to Walsall to improve the cultural life of her native Black CountryPortrait of Kitty – Portrait of Kitty