Category:People educated at Gordonstoun
Pages in category "People educated at Gordonstoun"
The following 79 pages are in this category, out of 79 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 79 pages are in this category, out of 79 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Gordonstoun – Gordonstoun School is a co-educational independent school for boarding and day pupils in Moray, Scotland. It is named after the 150-acre estate originally owned by Sir Robert Gordon in the 17th century and it is located in Duffus to the north-west of Elgin. It is sometimes referred to as a school in the English usage of the term as defined by the Public Schools Act 1868. The school follows certain practices such as usage of the Common Entrance Exam for the 13+ entry age, founded in 1934 by German educator Kurt Hahn, Gordonstoun has an enrolment of around 500 full boarders as well as about 100 day pupils between the ages of 8 and 18. With the number of teaching staff exceeding 100, there is a low ratio compared to the average in the United Kingdom. There are eight boarding houses, formerly nine prior to the death of Altrye house in the summer of 2016, the other houses have been built or modified since the school was established. Three generations of British royalty were educated at Gordonstoun since it was established, including the Duke of Edinburgh, due to Dr. Hahns influence, the school has had a strong connection with Germany. It is part of the Round Square Conference of Schools, a group of more than 80 schools across the globe also founded by Hahn, around 30% of students attending Gordonstoun come from abroad. The British Salem School of Gordonstoun was established in 1934 by Kurt Hahn after he was asked by friends to give a demonstration in the UK of his Salem system and he was born in Berlin in 1886 and studied at the University of Oxford. After reading Platos The Republic as a man, Hahn conceived the idea of a modern school. With the help of Prince Max of Baden, he set up the Schule Schloss Salem in 1919, after the First World War, both men decided that education was key in influencing the future. They developed Salem in order to develop its students as community leaders, by the 1930s Salem had already become a renowned school throughout Europe. In 1932 Hahn spoke out against the Nazis and was arrested in March 1933 and he was released and exiled to Britain in the same year through the influence of the Prime Minister, Ramsey MacDonald, who was familiar with Hahns work. At the urging of British friends, Hahn decided to start a new school in Morayshire, Gordonstoun was started in a small way and had financial difficulties in its early years. After the death in 1930 of Sir William Gordon-Cumming, 4th Baronet, his house at Gordonstoun was obtained by Kurt Hahn, the buildings needed repair and renovation, and at the start of the first academic year, the school had only two enrolled pupils. Hahn expected Gordonstoun to operate for only a few years, as an example of his vision, the number of pupils steadily increased, and some additional pupils transferred from Salem, including Prince Philip of Greece, now the Duke of Edinburgh. By the start of the Second World War,135 boys were attending, in June 1940 the school was evacuated and the Gordonstoun estate was taken over by the army for use as barracks. The school was relocated temporarily to quarters in Montgomeryshire in Mid Wales when Lord Davies, the buildings were insufficient, and finances and pupil numbers began to dropGordonstoun – Gordonstoun
2. Moray – Moray is one of the 32 Local Government council areas of Scotland. It lies in the north-east of the country, with coastline on the Moray Firth, between 1975 and 1996 Moray, with similar boundaries, was a district of the then Grampian Region. The name, first attested around 970 as Moreb, and in Latinised form by 1124 as Morauia, derives from the earlier Celtic forms *mori sea and *treb settlement. During the middle ages the Mormaerdom of Moray was much larger than the council area, covering much of what is now Highland. During this period Moray may for a time have either an independent kingdom or a highly autonomous vassal of Alba. In the early 12th century the mormaerdom/kingdom was defeated by David I of Scotland following a conflict with Óengus of Moray, after that the title became defunct until the 14th century when Thomas Randolph was granted the title Earl of Moray. The earldom would subsequently be destroyed and recreated four times, with its last creation surviving to this day, currently held by John Douglas Stuart, over the centuries the territory of the County of Moray contracted to the area around Elgin. The modern day boundaries of Moray date from the 1975 reorganisation of government in Scotland. The old County of Moray was merged with parts of Banffshire to create an enlarged Moray district, some territory to the west was lost to the Highland Region. In 1996, under the Local Government etc, act 1994, Moray became a single-tier subdivision of Scotland. The lieutenancy area and registration county of Moray cover smaller areas that are similar to the old county, Moray Council currently has 26 members elected using single transferable vote in 8 wards. Currently the council is controlled by an Independent-Conservative coalition, for elections to the House of Commons, Morays boundaries match with the Moray constituency. The current MP is Angus Robertson of the Scottish National Party, Moray is one of the SNPs longest continuously-held seats. For the Scottish Parliament, the majority of Moray is in the Moray constituency, the eastern corner of Moray is instead in the Banffshire and Buchan Coast constituency and the North East Scotland electoral region. In the 2014 Scottish independence referendum, Moray voted No by a percentage of 57. 6%. In the 2016 European Union membership referendum, Moray voted Remain by a 50. 1% margin and it had the biggest percentage for Leave out of all the Scottish council areas and the narrowest margin of victory for either side anywhere in the UK. The large majority of Morays population live in the part of the district. Elgin is by far the largest town, being home to 25% of the population at the 2011 census, there are 45 primary and eight secondary schools in Moray and the council currently has responsibility for educating more than 13,000 school pupilsMoray – Moray Moireibh
3. North East Scotland – North East Scotland is one of the eight electoral regions of the Scottish Parliament which were created in 1999. Ten of the parliaments 73 first past the post constituencies are sub-divisions of the region, thus it elects a total of 17 MSPs. The North East Scotland region shares boundaries with the Highlands and Islands and Mid Scotland, as a result of the First Periodic Review of Scottish Parliament Boundaries the boundaries of the region and constituencies were redrawn for the 2011 Scottish Parliament election. In terms of first past the post constituencies the region covers, The constituencies were created in 1999 with the names and boundaries of Westminster constituencies, lochhead resigned as an MSP in April 2006 to contest the Moray by-election following the death of Margaret Ewing. Watt was the next candidate on the Scottish National Party list. Alex Salmond was elected Member of Parliament for the Banff and Buchan constituency of the United Kingdom Parliament the same day as the Scottish Parliament by-electionNorth East Scotland – North East Scotland shown within Scotland
4. Stuart Agnew – John Stuart Agnew is a Member of the European Parliament for the East of England region for the UK Independence Party. He was educated at Gordonstoun School and the Royal Agricultural College and he is a Norfolk farmer who formerly represented Norfolk on the NFU Council. He is a long term UKIP member, in the European Parliament he sits on the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development. He ran for UKIP in the 2001 General Election in Mid Norfolk and in the 2005 General Election in Norfolk North, Agnew describes climate change science as the global warming scam. In March 2015 he spoke in the European Parliament, saying that plants need carbon dioxide as food, so if you succeed in decarbonising Europe, our crops will have no natural gas to grow from. Richard A. Betts of the UK Met Office described this as a misunderstanding, in March 2016 Fincham Farm, owned and run by Agnew, was featured in a video investigation by Hillside Animal Sanctuary. It showed supposedly free range chickens living in conditions, infested with mitesStuart Agnew – Stuart Agnew MEP
5. Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia – He is the head of the House of Karađorđević. Alexander is the child of former King Peter II and his wife, Alexandra of Greece. Born and raised in the United Kingdom, he enjoys close relationships with his relatives in the British royal family and his godfather was King George VI and then-Princess Elizabeth of York. Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is his cousin, as are the former King of Greece. As with many other European monarchs during World War II, King Peter II left his country to establish a government-in-exile and he left Yugoslavia in April 1941 and arrived in London in June 1941. The Royal Yugoslav Armed Forces capitulated, after the Tehran Conference, the Allies shifted support from royalist Chetniks to communist Partisans. Commenting on the event and what happened to his father, Crown Prince Alexander said and he could not believe that his allies –- the mighty American democracy and his relatives and friends in London –- could do him in. In June 1944 Ivan Šubašić, the Royalist prime minister, and Josip Broz Tito, on 29 November 1943, AVNOJ declared themselves the sovereign communist government of Yugoslavia and announced that they would take away all legal rights from the Royal government. On 10 August 1945, less than a month after Alexanders birth, on 29 November 1945, the country was declared a republic and changed its name to Peoples Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In 1947, all members of Alexanders family except for his grand-uncle Prince George were deprived of their Yugoslavian citizenship, Alexander was born in Suite 212 of Claridges Hotel in Brook Street, London. He was christened at Westminster Abbey and his godparents were King George VI and Princess Elizabeth, now Queen Elizabeth II. He was the child of King Peter II and Queen Alexandra. His parents were unable to take care of him, due to their various health and financial problems. He was educated at Institut Le Rosey, Culver Military Academy, Gordonstoun, Millfield and Mons Officer Cadet School, Aldershot and his tours of duty included West Germany, Italy, the Middle East, and Northern Ireland. After leaving the army in 1972, Crown Prince Alexander, who speaks several languages, on 1 July 1972 at Villamanrique de la Condesa, near Seville, Spain, he married Princess Maria da Gloria of Orléans-Braganza. They had three sons, Hereditary Prince Peter and fraternal twins Prince Philip Prince Alexander, Alexander is also descended from Queen Victorias eldest daughter Victoria. His sons remain in the line of succession to the British throne, Alexander and Maria da Gloria divorced in 1985. Sava Serbian Orthodox Church, Notting Hill, London, since their marriage, she is known as Princess Katherine, as per the royal familys websiteAlexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia – Crown Prince Alexander received the French order, Legion d’Honneur Commander Rank, 15 May 2015
6. Prince Andrew, Duke of York – Prince Andrew, Duke of York, KG, GCVO, CD, ADC, is the second son and third child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. At the time of his birth, he was second in the line of succession to succeed his mother, as of 2017 he is sixth in line. He holds the rank of commander and the rank of vice admiral in the Royal Navy, in which he served as an active duty helicopter pilot and instructor. He saw active service during the Falklands War, flying on multiple missions including anti-surface warfare, Exocet missile decoy, in 1986, Prince Andrew married Sarah Ferguson, the couples marriage, subsequent separation and eventual divorce in 1996 attracted a high level of media coverage. As well as carrying out official engagements, he served as Britains Special Representative for International Trade. Prince Andrew was born in the Belgian Suite of Buckingham Palace on 19 February 1960 and he was baptised in the Palaces Music Room on 8 April 1960 by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Geoffrey Fisher. He is the namesake of his grandfather, Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark. Prince Andrew was the first child born to a monarch since the birth in 1857 of Queen Victorias youngest child. As with his siblings, Andrew was looked after by a governess. He was sent to Heatherdown School near Ascot in Berkshire, in September 1973, he entered Gordonstoun, in northern Scotland, which his father and elder brother had attended before him. While there, he spent six months—from January to June 1977—participating in a programme to Lakefield College School in Canada. He left Gordonstoun in July two years later with A-Levels in English, history, economics, and political science and he did not go to university but instead entered the Britannia Royal Naval College at Dartmouth. The Royal Household announced in November 1978 that Prince Andrew would join the Royal Navy the following year, on 1 September of the same year, Prince Andrew was appointed as a midshipman, and entered Britannia Royal Naval College, Dartmouth. During 1980 he also took the Royal Marines All Arms Commando Course, after being awarded his wings, he moved onto more advanced training on the Sea King helicopter, and conducted operational flying training until 1982. He joined carrier-based squadron,820 Naval Air Squadron, serving aboard the aircraft carrier, the Falkland Islands, which are a British overseas territory claimed by Argentina, were invaded by Argentina on 2 April 1982, an event that instigated the Falklands War. Invincible was one of the two aircraft carriers available at the time, and, as such, was to play a major role in the Royal Navy task force assembled to sail south to retake the islands. The Queen, though, insisted that her son be allowed to remain with his ship and he witnessed the Argentinian attack on the SS Atlantic Conveyor. At the cessation of the war, Invincible returned to Portsmouth, the Argentine military government reportedly planned, but did not attempt, to assassinate the prince on Mustique in July 1982Prince Andrew, Duke of York – The Duke of York, 2014
7. Mark Arnold-Forster – Mark Arnold-Forster, DSO, DSC was an English journalist and author. He is best remembered for his book The World at War and he was the only son of William Edward Arnold-Forster, painter, publicist, and gardener, and his wife Katharine Ka Laird, née Cox and grandson of Hugh Oakeley Arnold-Forster. His parents families included leading politicians and writers, among them Matthew Arnold and his mother had been close to Rupert Brooke, shortly after his birth his parents went to live in a picturesque Cornish house, Eagles Nest, in Zennor, Cornwall. They placed Mark at the age of seven in a boarding-school in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, and at nine in Kurt Hahns Schule Schloss Salem at Salem in Germany. When Hitler came to power in 1933 Hahn was driven into exile, and Arnold-Forster followed him to a new school, Gordonstoun in Scotland and this upbringing made him fluent in French and German. Arnold-Forster won a place to study engineering at Trinity Hall, Cambridge. Instead, after an apprenticeship during 1938–39 with the Blue Funnel Line, involving a voyage to Manchuria. Mark Arnold-Forster served throughout the Second World War, first as a merchant seaman and he served on a destroyer on the Murmansk convoy and then on motor torpedo boats in the English Channel. Eventually he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant in command of a flotilla at Dover and his tasks included engaging the Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, and Prinz Eugen in battle and torpedoing a tanker. He limped home from a battle with an engine after being nearly rammed by a German destroyer. He also laid mines under fire off the French coast and worked for naval intelligence and he was awarded the DSO and DSC, was three times mentioned in despatches, and was demobilized as a reserve Lieutenant in 1946. In 1946, he joined the staff of The Guardian. He worked first in Manchester and then in Germany, where he wrote about the immediate post-war period, in 1949 he became labour correspondent, a key job he carried out for eight years. He then joined The Observer as a political correspondent, but in 1963, he had a falling out with The Observer over an issue related to an editorial change to one of his articles. He resigned in disgust and returned to The Guardian as chief editorial writer and he later moved to ITN, as deputy to editor Sir Geoffrey Cox, making the switch to television without any difficulty. In the 1970s, he wrote the series The World at War, with narration by Laurence Olivier and he continued to write regular leaders for The Guardian until his death in 1981. On 12 January 1955, he married Valentine Harriet Isobel Dione Mitchison, also a journalist, daughter of the Labour politician Dick Mitchison, both were related to successive secretaries of state for war, Hugh Oakeley Arnold-Forster and R. B. They had five children, three sons and two daughters, Mark Arnold-Forster suffered from persistent ill health in his fifties, in particular a series of minor strokesMark Arnold-Forster – Mark Arnold-Forster in naval attire, circa 1940
8. John Christopher Bartholomew – John Christopher Bartholomew was a Scottish cartographer and geographer. He was the son of John Bartholomew, and Marie Antoinette Sarolea and he was the great-great-grandson of the founder of John Bartholomew and Son Ltd. He studied at Edinburgh Academy and Gordonstoun before taking a degree in Geography at Edinburgh University and he took over directorship of John Bartholomew & Co. from his father in 1951. At this stage Peter Bartholomew was Chairman and Robert Bartholomew was Production Manager and their most memorable production during their control was the Times Atlas. They also published the first metric versions of the large scale Ordnance Survey maps of the UK, Bartholomew served as president of the British Cartographic Society in 1970–71. He was also a vice-president of the International Cartographic Association, 1972–80 and he was also active on the committee of the Scottish Rights of Way Society, and was made its honorary president. On his death he left monies for the erections of view indicators on the summits of both Berwick Law and the Braid Hills. He is buried against the wall of the 20th century extension to Dean Cemetery in western Edinburgh at the memorial to his grandfather. His father Ian, and uncle Hugh lie with him and they had five sons, John Eric, Philip, Christopher, Patrick and Ivon. Bartholomew, A Scottish Family Heritage - site maintained by the family, biography of J. C. Bartholomew at Collins Bartholomew Times World Atlases official website including a History and Heritage section detailing landmark Times atlasesJohn Christopher Bartholomew – Bartholomew monument, Dean Cemetery
9. Tim Beaumont – Timothy Wentworth Beaumont, Baron Beaumont of Whitley was a United Kingdom politician and an Anglican clergyman. He was politically active, successively, in the Liberal Party, the Liberal Democrats, a life peer since 1967, he became the second Green Party member of either of the British Houses of Parliament of the United Kingdom when he joined the Green Party in 1999. His mother, Faith Pease, died when Tim Beaumont was six, his grandfather was the Liberal politician Jack Pease. Beaumont was educated at Eton College and Gordonstoun School and he graduated with a Fourth, and then trained for the orders at Westcott House in Cambridge. He was ordained as a deacon in 1955 and as a priest in 1956 and he married Mary Rose Wauchope in 1955, with whom he had had two sons and two daughters, and a total of ten grandchildren. His son, Alaric, died in a traffic accident in 1980. Also in that year, Hubert married Katherine Abel Smith, a great-great-great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria. He became an Anglican priest in Kowloon, Hong Kong and served as assistant chaplain at St. Johns Cathedral, having received a substantial inheritance in that year, he returned to England to live in Mayfair and then Hampstead. Meanwhile, he was a curate at St Stephens Church in Rochester Row, Westminster. He represented the Diocese of London in the Church Assembly from 1960 to 1965 and he became involved in church reform, supporting the Parish and People movement, and was owner of the political weekly Time and Tide and then the church reform magazine Prism. Considering his views and lifestyle incompatible with his position as a priest and he returned to the cloth in 1984 and became priest-in-charge of St Philip and All Saints with St Luke, Kew in the Diocese of Southwark, and then retiring to Clapham in 1991. The Mary Rose School, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, a school for students with severe. After making a donation to the Liberal Party, he became its joint honorary treasurer in 1962–1963. He was made a Liberal Life peer as Baron Beaumont of Whitley and he was chair of the Liberal Party in 1967–1968 and then President in 1969–1970. In Parliament, he was Liberal spokesman on education and the arts until 1986 and he also served as leader of the Liberals in the Council of Europe. He was co-ordinator of the Green Alliance from 1978 to 1980 and he joined the Liberal Democrats, but, objecting to their support for free trade, he moved to the Green Party in 1999, and became the Green Party spokesman on agriculture. Beaumont was a patron of transgender equality campaign group Press for Change and he was chairman of Exit in 1980. He edited The Selective Ego, a volume of the diaries of James Agate, published in 1976Tim Beaumont – Beaumont's coat of arms
10. Oona Chaplin – Oona Castilla Chaplin is a Spanish actress. She is the daughter of Geraldine Chaplin, the granddaughter of English film star Charlie Chaplin, and she is known for playing Marnie Madden in The Hour, Talisa Maegyr in the HBO TV series Game of Thrones, Kitty Trevelyan in The Crimson Field and Zilpha Geary in Taboo. Oona Chaplin was born in Madrid to Anglo-American actress Geraldine Chaplin and Chilean cinematographer Patricio Castilla and she spent her childhood mostly in Spain, Great Britain, Switzerland, and Cuba, but also travelled often because of her mothers film career. She started dancing ballet, salsa and flamenco at an early age, when Chaplin was fifteen, she began studying at Gordonstoun School in Scotland on a drama scholarship. After leaving Gordonstoun, she was accepted to the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, since graduating from RADA, Chaplin has acted in mainly British and Spanish short and feature films. She has played alongside her mother in three films, Inconceivable, ¿Para qué sirve un oso. and Imago Mortis. Chaplin has also had supporting roles in British and American television. She plays Kitty Trevelyan, a character, in the BBC drama The Crimson Field and Ruth Levinson, wife of Ira Levinson. Chaplin stars as Zilpha Geary in the historical fiction series Taboo on BBC One. Oona Chaplin at the Internet Movie Database Oona Chaplin at the Royal Academy of Dramatic ArtsOona Chaplin – Chaplin in 2012
11. Charles, Prince of Wales – Charles, Prince of Wales is the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II. Known alternatively in South West England as Duke of Cornwall and in Scotland as Duke of Rothesay, he is the heir apparent in British history. He is also the oldest person to be next in line to the throne since Sophia of Hanover, Charles was born at Buckingham Palace as the first grandchild of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. After earning a bachelor of degree from Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1981, he married Lady Diana Spencer and they had two sons, Prince William later to become Duke of Cambridge, and Prince Harry, in 1996, the couple divorced, following well-publicised extramarital affairs. Diana died in a car crash in Paris the following year, in 2005, Charles married Camilla Parker Bowles. Charles has sought to raise awareness of the dangers facing the natural environment. As an environmentalist, he has received awards and recognition from environmental groups around the world. His support for alternative medicine, including homeopathy, has been criticised by some in the medical community and he has been outspoken on the role of architecture in society and the conservation of historic buildings. Subsequently, Charles created Poundbury, a new town based on his theories. He has authored a number of books, including A Vision of Britain, A Personal View of Architecture in 1989 and he was baptised in the palaces Music Room by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Geoffrey Fisher, on 15 December 1948. When Prince Charles was aged three his mothers accession as Queen Elizabeth II made him her heir apparent. As the monarchs eldest son, he took the titles Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles and Prince. Charles attended his mothers coronation at Westminster Abbey on 2 June 1953, seated alongside his grandmother, as was customary for upper-class children at the time, a governess, Catherine Peebles, was appointed and undertook his education between the ages of five and eight. Buckingham Palace announced in 1955 that Charles would attend school rather than have a private tutor, Charles then attended two of his fathers former schools, Cheam Preparatory School in Berkshire, England, followed by Gordonstoun in the north-east of Scotland. He reportedly despised the school, which he described as Colditz in kilts. Upon his return to Gordonstoun, Charles emulated his father in becoming Head Boy and he left in 1967, with six GCE O-levels and two A-levels in history and French, at grades B and C, respectively. Tradition was broken again when Charles proceeded straight from school into universityCharles, Prince of Wales – The Prince of Wales in Jersey, July 2012
12. Jason Connery – Jason Joseph Connery is a British actor and director. He is the son of Sean Connery, on screen, he is known for appearing in the third series of the ITV drama programme Robin of Sherwood in 1986, taking over the main role after Michael Praed left. Connery was born and raised in London and he is the son of Scottish actor Sean Connery and his first wife, the Australian actress Diane Cilento. He attended Millfield School, a independent school in the village of Street, in Somerset, England. He was later accepted into the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School, Connery performed many roles in theatre and subsequently had parts in several B-films. His film début was in The Lords of Discipline and he appeared in the Doctor Who serial Vengeance on Varos in 1985, he also portrayed Robin Hood in the final season of the television series Robin of Sherwood in 1986. He later portrayed James Bond creator Ian Fleming in the 1990 television drama Spymaker, in 1997, he appeared in a fantasy film, playing the title role of Merlin in Merlin, The Quest Begins, directed by David Winning. He appeared in Faithful Dealing in London, an English Restoration Whodunit, in 2003, he toured with a stage production of The Blue Room. In 2004, he was a character in the childrens show Shoebox Zoo. Connery had starring roles in horror films, including Lightspeed, Night Skies. In 2014, he took part in BBC Ones Celebrity MasterChef, in 2008, he made his directorial début with the film Pandemic and in 2009 directed The Devils Tomb. Connery directed the 2011 After Dark Originals film 51, and The Philly Kid for the After Dark Action series, in 2016 Connery directed Tommys Honour, a film celebrating the lives of golf pioneers Old Tom Morris and Young Tom Morris. The film opened the 2016 Edinburgh International Film Festival on 15 June 2016, Connery was married to American actress Mia Sara in 1996, and in June 1997 they had a son named Dashiell Quinn. The couple met during the making of Bullet to Beijing in Russia and he is also the nephew of Neil Connery. Jason Connery at the Internet Movie DatabaseJason Connery – Connery at a Doctor Who convention in West Kirby.
13. Iain Douglas-Hamilton – Iain Douglas-Hamilton CBE is a zoologist known for his study of elephants. He earned both a B. Sc. in biology and a D. Phil. in zoology from Oriel College, Oxford and his chief research interest is to understand elephant choices by studying their movements. In 1993, he founded the organization Save the Elephants and he is a frequent keynote speaker at the annual Wildlife Conservation Network expo. He is married to Oria Douglas-Hamilton, Founder of Elephant Watch Camp and he and his family live in Kenya. From that study came his hypothesis, rooted in behavioural ecology, Douglas-Hamilton initially developed techniques to monitor widespread elephant movements from the air. Around the same time, working for IUCN, Douglas-Hamilton undertook research to map out the scale of the ivory trade, its value. Meanwhile, he continued to direct aerial surveys of elephant populations into the 1980s, including in Uganda, Tanzania, from 1980 to 1982, Douglas-Hamilton was made Honorary Chief Park Warden and anti-poaching advisor to Uganda’s national parks authority. There, he designed air and ground patrols against poachers, many from Sudan, on occasion, Douglas-Hamilton was shot at as he carried out his work. These statistics illustrated to the world the scale of what became known as the elephant holocaust, Douglas-Hamilton was among Africa’s leading conservationists who argued for this position. It is widely accepted that the ban worked, and elephant populations, especially savannah populations and its mission is “to secure a future for elephants” by preserving the environments in which the animals live and encouraging a tolerant relationship between elephant and human populations. Save The Elephants has since its formation been studying herds resident or migratory to Samburu National Reserve – a cohort of roughly 500 individuals, hundreds of elephants have been darted and fitted with collars carrying computer chips that communicate via satellites or mobile telephone networks with the charity’s computer databases. Alongside its focus on collection, Douglas-Hamilton has directed Save The Elephants to increase its work on reducing the conflict between growing human populations and elephant herds. Douglas-Hamilton and others estimate that between 2010 and 2012, more than 100,000 African elephants were killed. The increased price of ivory is to blame and his campaign and others in China have helped to reduce the demand for ivory products, surveys showed. Douglas-Hamilton says he remains “an optimist” that this second spike in poaching can be contained, as a collective group we stopped that killing, and in the savannahs there was a reprieve of 20 years. I believe we can do it again, ” he has said, Douglas-Hamilton has published a long list of academic research papers throughout his career. He is the author, with his wife Oria, of Battle For The Elephants and Among The Elephants, among the Elephants, with Oria Douglas-Hamilton. Battle for the Elephants, with Oria Douglas-Hamilton, Iain Douglas-Hamilton, Elephant facts and information database Dr. Iain Douglas Hamilton Biography, Walt Disney World Public Affairs Save the ElephantsIain Douglas-Hamilton – Iain Douglas-Hamilton with Samburu elephants
14. Peter Ebert – Peter Ebert was a German opera director. Peter Ebert was the son of Charles, later Carl, Ebert and Cissi (Lucie Frederike Karoline, Carl was the outcome of a romantic liaison of a Polish count and an Irish American music student. Peters parents divorced when he was six, both parties remarrying and staying on excellent terms, due to the separation, his early years of schooling were chequered, so he was finally sent to one of Kurt Hahns boarding schools in Germany. In 1933 Carl was invited by the Nazis to take charge of the scene in Berlin, but in a strong political gesture he chose to leave Germany. Peter was given the choice of staying or leaving Germany and chose to leave and he was one of the 13 boys to make up the first intake of the new Gordonstoun School under the headmastership of the also emigrated Kurt Hahn. With Carls friend the conductor, Fritz Busch who became the first music director of new company. In 1934 at age 16, Peter visited Glyndebourne on his way to his school in Scotland and it inspired a lasting love of England and its way of life. The pre-war seasons where sensational as Carl brought revolutionary ideas about production to England, examples of his approach included the requirement that singers should act, and that the music was to be the guide, with the seamless whole being an interpretation of the music. This approach was well received by critics, Eberts stepfather, Hans Oppenheim, was running the Music School there, having also left Germany. So Peter joined his mother and Oppi there to film making. At the time of the Dunkirk evacuation during World War II, Ebert was interned in camps as a friendly enemy alien because, at this point. When released, he returned to Dartington Hall where he met Kathleen Elsie Bone and they afterwards moved to London and had two daughters, Judith and Tabitha. Peter had various jobs, some in the theatre, and then joined the German Service of the BBC, in August 1947, when he was working in Scotland, he met Silvia Ashmole, a dancer and his future wife. However, Silvia was forbidden by her parents to see Peter because he was legally married, he had children. Nonetheless, they married in 1951 and went on to have eight children, after living in various parts of Britain and in Germany during his career, Ebert returning to Sussex in 1980, spending ten years staging opera productions in Sussex and abroad. Later, he was active in local politics after the founding of the Social Democratic Party. He was elected a District Councillor for Lewes and he and his family lived in Sussex for ten years but, in 1990, the couple sold their Sussex home and bought a semi-derelict farmhouse in Italy. At age 70, he went about restoring, converting and enhancing this house in the Umbrian hills, in 2004 after a healthy life, Peter was suffering from damage to his heart valvesPeter Ebert – Peter Ebert 2007
15. James Carnegie, 3rd Duke of Fife – James George Alexander Bannerman Carnegie, 3rd Duke of Fife was the grandson of Louise, Princess Royal, a daughter of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom. As a female-line great-grandson of a British sovereign, he did not carry out royal or official duties or receive any funds from the Civil List and he was the second cousin of Queens Elizabeth II and Margrethe II and King Harald V of Norway. Through his maternal grandfather, he was also a descendant of King William IV, the Duke was the only son of the 11th Earl of Southesk and his wife, Princess Maud, the younger daughter of the 1st Duke of Fife and Louise, Princess Royal. One of his godparents was the King, his mothers maternal uncle, the Duke was educated at Ludgrove, Gordonstoun School, and at the Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester. He served with the Scots Guards in Malaya in 1948–50 and he served as vice patron of the Braemar Royal Highland Society and of the British Olympic Association. As the only surviving children of the Duke and Princess Louise were two daughters, the dukedom passed to Princess Alexandra of Fife, who later became Princess Arthur of Connaught. On 16 February 1992 the third Duke also succeeded his father as Earl of Southesk and he lived at Elsick House, on his estate near Stonehaven in Kincardineshire and also farmed the family estate around Kinnaird Castle, Brechin. His interests included sports cars, driving a Ford Zephyr 6 in the 1955 Monte Carlo Rally, as a young man, the Dukes name was variously linked with Princess Margaret, ballerina Mary Drage, and sportswoman Divina Galica. On 11 September 1956, the then Lord Carnegie married The Hon. Caroline Dewar, the marriage produced three children, Stillborn son The Lady Alexandra Clare Carnegie she married Mark Fleming Etherington on 11 May 2001. David Carnegie, 4th Duke of Fife he married Caroline Anne Bunting on 16 June 1987James Carnegie, 3rd Duke of Fife – Portrait by Allan Warren, 1985
16. Jeremy Fry – Jeremy Joseph Fry was a British inventor, engineer, entrepreneur, adventurer and arts patron. Jeremy was educated at Gordonstoun, and joined the Royal Air Force as a pilot, after the war, Jeremy took up motorsport driving a 500cc Parsenn but quit after his cousin Joe was killed at Blandford. He became a designer with Frenchay Products Ltd between 1954 and 1957. He founded Rotork Engineering Company in 1957 after identifying the potential of valve actuators. As Chairman he oversaw Rotorks rise to becoming the leader in equipment for use in oil and gas pipelines, refineries, power stations and waste water plants. Noted as an inventor and engineer, his designs included a car, the Sea Truck, additionally he was responsible for starting James Dyson out on his own inventing career by mentoring him in 1970 at Rotork. His friend Tony Richardson, film and theatre director, described Fry in his autobiography Long Distance Runner and he was noted for his keen interest in the Arts and will be remembered as the saviour of the Theatre Royal, Bath. He bought the theatre in 1979 and as its Chairman oversaw its extensive renovation, in addition to being Chairman of the Northern Ballet Theatre he was the chairman of the Arnolfini Gallery in Bristol. Fry lead an extensive and hedonistic personal life before his first marriage, a good friend of society photographer Antony Armstrong-Jones, he was allegedly asked to be best man at Armstrong-Joness marriage to HRH Princess Margaret the younger sister of HM Queen Elizabeth II. However, Fry was convicted of importuning for immoral purposes after allegedly approaching a man for sex, Fry married Camilla Grinling in 1955. They lived at Widcombe Manor, and had two sons and two daughters, the marriage was dissolved in 1967, in 2004 their daughter Polly claimed that her biological father had in fact been Armstrong-Jones, Fry described the claim as utter nonsense. Fry died in his palace at Tamil Nadu, Madurai, India, entrepreneur and inventor Jeremy Fry dies. Socialite and host who also had the entrepreneurs touch Jeremy Fry, Obituary, inventor-engineer whose ingenuity was matched by astonishing energy Jeremy Fry, Obituary. Archived from the original on 2010-07-11Jeremy Fry – v
17. Balthazar Getty – Paul Balthazar Getty is an American actor, member of the band Ringside, the producer-half of rap duo The Wow, and a member of the Getty family. Paul Balthazar Getty was born in Tarzana, Los Angeles, and his great-grandfather was J. Paul Getty, founder of Getty Oil, and at one time one of the richest men in the world. His grandfather was John Paul Getty, Jr. his father was John Paul Getty III and his mother, Gisela, is a German-born professional photographer and documentary filmmaker. He has a maternal half-sister, Anna, Getty began his acting career at age 14 in 1989. He auditioned for the role in the movie Lord of the Flies after being spotted by a casting director, Robin Joy Allan. Getty guest-starred on the television series Charmed as Richard Montana, a male witch romantically linked with Paige Matthews and he appeared in the fifth season of the television show Alias as Agent Thomas Grace. He starred, alongside Alias costar Ron Rifkin, in the ABC prime time drama Brothers & Sisters, Getty played the role of Thomas Tommy Walker, third-born of the five Walker siblings. In late 2008, media reports indicated Gettys contract as a series regular in Brothers & Sisters would not be renewed due, in part, to budgetary. In the Season 4 premiere, Getty was still listed in the principal cast, Getty made his return to the series in the sixth episode of Season 4. Although he no longer appeared in episode, he continued to make appearances on the show until its cancellation. In 2000, Getty married fashion designer Rosetta Millington and they have three daughters, Grace, Violet, and June Catherine, and a son, Cassius Paul. He had an affair with English actress Sienna Miller but eventually returned to his wife. Getty is on the board of directors for The Lunchbox Fund, Balthazar Getty at the Internet Movie Database Balthazar Getty at AllMovieBalthazar Getty – Balthazar Getty as Thomas Grace from Alias
18. Desmond Guinness – The Hon. Desmond Walter Guinness is an Irish author on Georgian art and architecture and a conservationist. He was the son of the author and brewer Bryan Guinness, 2nd Baron Moyne. He was educated at Eton, Gordonstoun and Christ Church, Oxford, in 1958 he bought Leixlip Castle, Leixlip, County Kildare, Ireland, where he continues to live with his second wife, the former Penelope Cuthbertson, whom he married in 1984. As a member of the extended Guinness family he has a number of well-known relatives and he has been Master of the North Kildare Harriers. He and his first wife, Mariga, founded the Irish Georgian Society in April 1958 to help to preserve Irish architecture of all periods and this was timely as the Irish planning laws were enacted only from 1963. The IGS became involved in projects and started publishing quarterly bulletins. Some early preservations or campaigns were at, Damer House, The Conolly Folly, Mountjoy Square, Tailors Hall, Hume Street, the IGS also held Georgian cricket matches played to the rules of 1744. In 1967–79 the Guinnesses bought and started to preserve Castletown House, in Celbridge, Kildare, in more recent years he has founded a scholarship for students of architecture. His conservation work has been recognised by many American and English cultural groups, in 1980 he was made an honorary Doctor of Laws at Trinity College Dublin. In 2001 he was made a member of the Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland and was awarded the gold medal of the Eire Society of Boston. In 2006 he was presented with a Europa Nostra award by the Queen of Spain, in 2010 he headed the Saint Patricks Day parade in Seattle. In June 2014 he was awarded a lifetime membership of the Royal Dublin Society. Through Patrick he is a grandfather of the fashion model Jasmine Guinness and his daughter Marina is a patron of the arts and of Irish musicians including Glen Hansard, Damien Rice, and the band Kíla. Marina has three children of her own, Patrick, Violet, and Finbar, in 1984 he married Penelope Cuthbertson, daughter of the socialite Teresa Jungman, and a granddaughter of the artist Nico Wilhelm Jungmann. There are no children of this second marriage His brother is Jonathan Guinness and he is the older half-brother of Max Mosley, former President of the FIA. He has also been a member of Irish groups such as the Iveagh Trust, the CKAS, the RIAC, the White House, An Architectural History. He has also numerous articles such as, Thomas Jefferson. Address on the award to Desmond Guinness of the European Union Prize for Dedicated Service to Heritage Conservation Irish govtDesmond Guinness – Castletown house
19. Kurt Hahn – Kurt Matthias Robert Martin Hahn CBE was a German educator whose philosophies are considered internationally influential. He founded Outward Bound, the Duke of Edinburgh Award, born in Berlin to Jewish parents, Hahn attended school in Berlin, then universities at Oxford, Heidelberg, Freiburg and Göttingen. During World War I, Hahn worked in the German Department for Foreign Affairs, analyzing English newspapers and he had been private secretary to Prince Max von Baden, the last Imperial Chancellor of Germany. From 1920 to 1933 Hahn was the first headmaster of Schule Schloss Salem, Hahn was raised as a Jew and served as the Salem Schools headmaster during Adolf Hitlers rise to power. Hahn began his fierce criticism of the Nazi regime after a young communist was killed in the presence of his mother by Hitlers storm troopers, when he spoke out against the storm troopers, who had received no punishment, Hahn spoke against Hitler publicly. He asked the students, faculty, and alumni of the Salem school to choose between Salem and Hitler, as a result, he was imprisoned for five days. After an appeal by British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald, Hahn was released and in July 1933 he was forced to leave Germany, Hahn settled in Scotland, where he founded Gordonstoun on similar principles to the school in Salem. Later, Hahn converted to Christianity and became a communicant member of the Church of England in 1945 and he also started an international organisation of schools, now called Round Square. Hahn was also involved in the foundation of the Outward Bound Organisation, Atlantic College in Wales and the wider United World College movement, Hahn divided his time between Britain and Germany after the war. He resigned from the headship of Gordonstoun on health grounds and returned to Hermannsberg near Salem in 1953 and he died there on 14 December 1974 and was buried in Salem. Hahns educational philosophy was based on respect for adolescents, whom he believed to possess an innate decency and moral sense and he believed that education could prevent this corruption, if students were given opportunities for personal leadership and to see the results of their own actions. This is one reason for the focus on outdoor adventure in his philosophy, at the Schule Schloss Salem, in addition to acting as headmaster, he taught history, politics, ancient Greek, Shakespeare and Schiller. He was deeply influenced by Platos thought, Gordonstoun is based less on Eton than on Salem. Punishment of any kind is viewed as a last resort, in 1934, through his lectures in London to the New Education Fellowship, Hahn met the educationalist T. C. Worsley and persuaded him to spend a term at the newly founded Gordonstoun in the capacity of consultant. Especially damaging to my very English view, was his dislike of being defeated at any game, Hahn was an avid tennis player. But was it an easily forgiveable weakness that his opponents had to be chosen for being his inferiors or else, if their form was unknown, instructed not to let themselves win. Hahns views on Shakespeare led to a disagreement, He had what I have since learned to be a common German belief that Shakespeare was better in German than in EnglishKurt Hahn – Initiatives Kurt Hahn was "decisive in founding," listed on a commemorative plaque at Atlantic College, Wales.
20. Alexander Douglas-Hamilton, 16th Duke of Hamilton – Alexander Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 16th Duke of Hamilton and 13th Duke of Brandon is a Scottish nobleman and the Premier Peer of Scotland. He is the son of Angus Douglas-Hamilton, 15th Duke of Hamilton and he was educated at Keil School, Dumbarton, and Gordonstoun in Scotland. Upon the death of his father on 5 June 2010, he became the 16th Duke of Hamilton and he is the Hereditary Keeper of the Palace of Holyroodhouse. The seat of the Dukes of Hamilton is Lennoxlove House, replacing the now-demolished Hamilton Palace, on 7 May 2011, he married Sophie Ann Rutherford in Edinburgh. She is a designer and the daughter of Hubert Rutherford, of Roxburghshire. The best man was the Dukes younger brother, Lord John Douglas-Hamilton, alexander Douglas-Hamilton, 16th Duke of Hamilton pedigree at genealogics. org thepeerage. comAlexander Douglas-Hamilton, 16th Duke of Hamilton – The Duke and Duchess of Hamilton in August 2012
21. Jo Hamilton (musician) – Jo Hamilton is a British vocalist, composer and multi-instrumentalist based in Birmingham, England. In December 2009, she released an EP of Christmas songs which BBC Radio 2s Janice Long put on her Album of the Week list for the week of 14 December. Nic Harcourt at KCRW Radio in Los Angeles chose Gown as one of his four picks for KCRWs 2010 Winter subscription drive, in 2010 Hamilton became the first musician in the world to work with an Airpiano. Hamilton is the daughter of a Jamaican mother and Kenyan father and she went on to study viola at Napier University in Edinburgh, and then won another scholarship to read viola performance at the Birmingham Conservatoire, in the city where she is based. Hamilton has supported Damien Rice, Michelle Shocked, and Colin Vearncombe and her first released album, Gown, got UK distribution in September 2009. In July 2009, in the lead up to release, she was featured artist twice on BBC Radio 2 in the same week, performing a session on Janice Longs show. Upon its release Gown received 4 star reviews in the UK from Mojo, Rock n Reel, The Independent, in January 2011 a Special Edition version of Gown was released featuring additional tracks, an expanded booklet and revised artwork. In early 2013 Prince and his new band 3rdEyeGirl performed a cover version of Liathach from Gown as part of their North American tour set. In 2014, Hamilton announced work was under way on her 2nd album, some of the new material was previewed at Fractal Sparks at Durham Cathedral. The first launch concert for Gown was held on 20 April 2009 at the Glee Club, Birmingham, a London launch was held in September 2009 at The Tabernacle in Notting Hill. In December 2009 Hamilton appeared at the Union Chapel, London, in 2011 Hamilton played on the main stage at TEDGlobal as well as several festivals and smaller solo shows. In 2012 following a significant uplift in her social media following, the tour took in Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, London and Falmouth in the UK and Milan and Rome in Italy. In 2014 Hamilton took over Durham Cathedral to create Fractal Sparks, the show featured brass from The Band of the Royal Corps of Signals and 28 metre high projections of fire, waves and other natural phenomena. This was followed by shows in London, Lincoln and a small tour of Canada. She travelled to Berlin to meet Yosha and collect an instrument from him which hed made specially for her to experiment with it. The result was a film entitled A New Instrument about Hamitons trip to Berlin. As well as the Airpiano film A New Instrument, Hamilton has created a series of films to accompany Gown and these serve as both EPKs for industry use, and as visual extensions of Gown in their own right. The first EPK film was released as a teaser in December 2008, several months before Gown itself was releasedJo Hamilton (musician) – Jo Hamilton performing at Union Chapel, Islington
22. Walter Hayman – Walter Kurt Hayman FRS is a British mathematician known for contributions to complex analysis. He is Emeritus Professor at Imperial College London, Hayman was born in Cologne, Germany, and immigrated to Britain in 1938. He studied at Gordonstoun School, and later at St Johns College, Cambridge, with Mary Cartwright and he taught at Kings College, Newcastle, and the University of Exeter. In 1947, he married Margaret Riley Crann, together, they founded the British Mathematical Olympiad. Hayman was elected to the Royal Society in 1956 and of the Finnish Academy of Science and Letters in 1978, he was elected Foreign member of the Accademia dei Lincei on 16 December 1985. In 1992 he received a doctorate from the Faculty of Mathematics and Science at Uppsala University. In 2008, an issue of the Journal Computational Methods and Function Theory was dedicated to him on the occasion of his 80th birthday. Hayman, W. K. Functions with values in a domain, Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society,3, 428–432, doi,10. 1090/S0002-9939-1952-0049323-9, MR0049323. The local growth of power series, a survey of the Wiman-Valiron method, Canadian Mathematical Bulletin,17, 317–358, doi,10. 4153/CMB-1974-064-0, MR0385095, Zbl 0314.30021. A problem on Fourier series arising from an Isoperimetric inequality, in Ricci, Paolo Emilio, atti del simposio internazionale dedicato a Gaetano Fichera nel suo 70o compleanno. Taormina, 15–17 ottobre 1992, Roma, Dipartimento di Matematica Università di Roma La Sapienza – Aracne Editrice, pp. 119–125, MR1249093, Zbl 0851.42009. Hayman, W. K. Meromorphic functions, Oxford Mathematical Monographs, Oxford, Clarendon Press, pp. XIV+191, MR0164038, Hayman, W. K. Kennedy, P. B. Volume 1, London Mathematical Society Monographs,9, London–New York, Academic Press, pp. XVII+284, ISBN 0-12-334801-3, MR0460672, Zbl 0419.31001. Volume 2, London Mathematical Society Monographs,20, London, Academic Press, pp. xiii+875, ISBN 0-12-334802-1, MR1049148, Zbl 0699.31001. Hayman, W. K. Multivalent functions, Cambridge Tracts on Mathematics,110, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. xii+263, ISBN 0-521-46026-3, MR1310776, Zbl 0904.30001. My Life and Functions, Logic Press, pp. iv+138, ISBN 978-1-326-03020-9 OConnor, John J. Robertson, Edmund F. Walter Hayman, MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, Walter Hayman at the Mathematics Genealogy ProjectWalter Hayman – Walter Kurt Hayman
23. Dick Heckstall-Smith – Richard Malden Dick Heckstall-Smith was an English jazz and blues saxophonist. He played with some of the most influential English blues rock, Heckstall-Smith was born in the Royal Free Hospital, in Ludlow, England, and attended a York boarding school. However, he refused a second term there, instead enrolling in Gordonstoun, Dick Heckstall-Smith was raised in Knighton, Radnorshire. He learned to play piano, clarinet and alto saxophone in childhood, Heckstall-Smith completed his education at Dartington Hall School before reading agriculture – and co-leading the university jazz band – at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, from 1953. Aged 15, he had taken up the soprano sax while at Dartington, then Lester Young and tenor saxophonist bebop jazzman Wardell Gray proved to be major influences for him. Heckstall-Smith was an member of the London jazz scene from the late 1950s. He joined Blues Incorporated, Alexis Korners groundbreaking blues group, in 1962, the following year, he was a founding member of that bands breakaway unit, The Graham Bond Organisation. In 1967, Heckstall-Smith became a member of guitarist-vocalist John Mayalls blues rock band and that jazz-skewed edition of the band also included drummer Jon Hiseman, bassist Tony Reeves, and future Rolling Stones guitarist Mick Taylor. They released the album Bare Wires in 1968, from 1968 to 1971, Heckstall-Smith, Hiseman, and Reeves were members of the pioneering UK jazz-rock band Colosseum. The band afforded Heckstall-Smith an opportunity to showcase his writing and instrumental virtuosity, collaborating musicians common to many of these outfits included Victor Brox, Keith Tillman and harp player John OLeary, a founder member of Savoy Brown. Heckstall-Smith participated in a 1990s reunion of the original Colosseum lineup, in 2001 he recorded the all-star project Blues and Beyond, which reunited him with Mayall, Bruce, Taylor, ex-Mayall and Fleetwood Mac guitarist Peter Green. In the 1980s in his Electric Dream ensemble Heckstall-Smith also worked with the South African percussionist Julian Bahula, Heckstall-Smith published his witty memoirs, The Safest Place in the World, in 1984, an expanded version, retitled Blowing the Blues, was published in 2004. He died aged 70 in 2004, as a result of liver failure. Dick Heckstall-Smiths Memories of Cyril Davies and you dont know Dick – Introducing DH-S – by Pete Grant. Soul Survivor, A Vignette Etude of Saxophonist Dick Heckstall-Smith, by Stephanie Lynne Thorburn, eBook text containing biography, interview and obituaryDick Heckstall-Smith – Dick Heckstall-Smith
24. Paul-Philippe Hohenzollern – Paul-Philippe Hohenzollern, also known as Prince Paul of Romania and Paul Lambrino, is the son of Carol Lambrino and Hélène Nagavitzine. His father was the son of King Carol II of Romania. Paul-Philippe claims that he and not the former King Michael is the head of the royal house of Romania. In 1918, the prince of Romania married Zizi Lambrino. The wedding was annulled the following year because it contravened the royal houses statute—Lambrino was both a Romanian and a commoner, and the took place without the consent of the king. The couple had one son, Carol Lambrino, the father of Paul Hohenzollern, in 1921, Crown Prince Carol married Princess Helen of Greece and Denmark, and they had a son who became King Michael of Romania. Born in Paris, Paul Hohenzollern attended a Jesuit school and he was thirteen years old when his father married an American woman and the family moved to London to be nearer to European royalty. He started school at Gordonstoun while Charles, Prince of Wales was attending and he has worked as an art dealer and property developer. In 1996, at Caşin Church, he married Lia Triff, a native of Dearborn, Michigan, the couple have one child, Carol Ferdinand, the infant was baptized in 2010, with President Traian Băsescu taking on the role of godfather. Nevertheless, he states that he accepts Romanias republican form of government, the latter ruling entitled Carol Lambrino to a British passport under the style Prince of Hohenzollern, Prince of Romania. He filed suit in Romania in 1991 against King Michael, the case reached its conclusion in February 2012, when the High Court of Cassation and Justice extended to Romania the Lisbon courts decision recognizing Carol Lambrino as the son of King Carol II. The ruling has unclear implications with regard to both throne and property succession, the leadership of the royal house remains contested, while Hohenzollerns claim to 62. In the 2000 Romanian presidential election, Hohenzollern was an independent candidate. Writing in The Jerusalem Post, historian Jean Ancel dismissed Hohenzollerns claims and praised the actions of the king and his mother. In December 2011, Hohenzollern was named Ambassador of Romanian-Chinese Friendship in Beijing, after the 2012 final verdict of the Romanian Supreme Court of Justice recognizing Paul as one of King Carol IIs heirs, his uncle, King Michael, reportedly invited Paul to reconciliation talks. Line of succession to the Romanian throne Official sitePaul-Philippe Hohenzollern – Paul-Philippe Hohenzollern
25. Granville Gordon, 13th Marquess of Huntly – Granville Charles Gomer Gordon, 13th Marquess of Huntly, styled Earl of Aboyne until 1987, is a British peer and the Premier Marquess of Scotland. Huntly is the son of Douglas Gordon, 12th Marquess of Huntly, by the Honourable Mary Pamela, daughter of James Berry, 1st Viscount Kemsley and he succeeded to the marquessate in 1987 on the death of his father and contributed occasionally in the House of Lords. However, he lost his seat in parliament after the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999 and he is also the Chief of the Clan Gordon. Lord Huntly married Jane Elizabeth Angela, daughter of Alistair Monteith Gibb and they had one son, Alastair Gordon, Earl of Aboyne, and two daughters. Lord and Lady Huntly were divorced in 1990 and he married secondly in 1991 to Catheryn Kindersley, of the Barons Kindersley, formerly Mrs. Robert Lennon Millbourn, in 1980, and had a daughter. The Marchioness is a Patroness of the Royal Caledonian Ball. com Hansard 1803–2005, contributions in Parliament by Granville Gordon, 13th Marquess of HuntlyGranville Gordon, 13th Marquess of Huntly – England
26. Duncan Jones – Duncan Zowie Haywood Jones is an English film director, film producer, and screenwriter. He is best known for directing the science fiction film Moon, winning the BAFTA Award for Outstanding Debut by a British Writer, Director or Producer, Source Code and he is the son of late English singer David Bowie and American model Angie Bowie. Jones was born in Bromley, London, the child from the marriage of David Bowie and his first wife, Angela. His birth prompted Bowie to write the songs Kooks and Oh and you Pretty Things for his 1971 album Hunky Dory. Jones spent time growing up in London, Berlin, and Vevey, Switzerland, when the Bowies divorced in February 1980, David Bowie was granted custody of nine-year-old Jones, and he visited his mother on his school holidays until ending contact with her at age 13. At age 14, he enrolled in the Scottish boarding school Gordonstoun, at the age of 12, Zowie decided that he preferred to be called Joey, and used this nickname until shortening it to Joe in his later teen years. The press reported that he went by Joe in 1992 when attending his fathers wedding to Iman, at this wedding he was the best man. Whilst growing up, Jones dreamed of becoming a professional wrestler and he reverted to his birth name around the age of 18. By 1995, Jones graduated with a degree in philosophy from the College of Wooster. He then pursued a Ph. D degree at Vanderbilt University in Tennessee, but left before completion to attend London Film School and he was also the in-game cinematics director for the political simulator Republic, The Revolution, as well as scripting elements of the game. Jones directed the 2006 campaign for the French Connection fashion label, the concept of Fashion vs Style was to re-invigorate the brand and move it away from the former incarnation of FCUK, which style pundits believed had become tired and overused. The advert debuted in the week ending 20 February 2006 and featured two women fighting and briefly kissing each other, the advertisement generated 127 complaints to the Advertising Standards Authority. It was also nominated for two BAFTA Awards at the 2010 ceremony, winning Jones the BAFTA Award for Outstanding Debut by a British Writer, there have been 19 other nominations and wins for the film, from film festivals and societies, including the BAFTA Carl Foreman Award. He directed the Summit Entertainment project Source Code, a thriller from Vendome Pictures. Source Code was released on DVD and Blu-ray on 26 July 2011 in the United States, on 30 January 2013, Jones was announced to direct the Warcraft film adaptation, which was released in the summer of 2016. In November 2015, Jones announced his next film after Warcraft will be the science fiction thriller Mute, starring Alexander Skarsgard, Jones had been developing the project for years and described it as a spiritual sequel to Moon, inspired by Ridley Scotts Blade Runner. The film, set in Berlin forty years in the future, Jones announced on his Twitter that filming would begin on 28 September 2016. Liberty Films UK confirmed that principal photography had begun that day, Jones announced his engagement to photographer Rodene Ronquillo on 28 June 2012Duncan Jones – Jones at the 2015 San Diego Comic-Con International.
27. Angus Montagu, 12th Duke of Manchester – Angus Charles Drogo Montagu, 12th Duke of Manchester was a British hereditary peer. Until he inherited the dukedom in 1985, he was known by the title of Lord Angus Montagu. Angus grew up in Britain, Ceylon and Kenya, after serving the Royal Marines, he settled in Australia and had a number of jobs. During middle age, he suffered financial hardship and fell victim to a number of confidence tricks for which he took the blame. He was known for his friendly and outgoing personality, and his few speeches in the House of Lords were viewed positively. Angus was born on 9 October 1938 as the son of Alexander Montagu, 10th Duke of Manchester, and Nell Vere Stead, and was the younger brother of Sidney Montagu, 11th Duke of Manchester. He was born in the seat of Kimbolton Castle near Bedford but moved frequently during childhood, including spending time in Singapore. He did not enjoy his time there, later saying the nuns werent very pleasant people, in 1950, he joined his father in Kenya for a short period after Kimbolton was sold. He had a relationship with his mother, who enjoyed looking after young children. After trying the local school in Keyna, but was bullied and stopped going and he was subsequently educated at Traddur Housea, a Welsh prep school and Gordonstoun School, Moray, Scotland, returning each summer to Kenya to spend time with his family. He left school in 1956 without any qualifications and began service in the Royal Marines and he was the only public-school educated man on the ship and did not get on well with his fellow recruits. Upon discharge, he had jobs in the oil industry and in tourist-related activities across the United States and he moved to Australia in 1959 and was variously employed as a clothes salesman, a barman, and a crocodile wrestler. He later spent time in Canada and by 1968 had moved into a bedsit in Bedford, England, near Kimbolton. As a hereditary peer, the Duke was able to take a seat in the House of Lords and made his speech there on 25 November 1991. Though the speech was only three long, it was praised for its brevity and succinctness by other peers, including Viscount Tonypandy. He also raised questions about redundancies in the Armed Forces with the Leader of the House of Lords, the Duke was good friends with celebrity photographer Allan Warren. Together, they established the Dukes Trust, a charity for children in need, towards the end of his life, the Duke set up the company Unique Tours, to show American tourists places such as Stratford Upon Avon. He found that customers liked meeting a genuine English peer, the 10th Dukes business venture in Kenya failed, reducing the family estate from millions to £70,000Angus Montagu, 12th Duke of Manchester – Photo: Allan Warren (1989)
28. John H. Mercer – John H. Mercer was a glaciologist, chiefly known for his theoretical work on, and field studies of Antarctic ice streams, especially in the Transantarctic Mountains and in West Antarctica. In 1978, in the science magazine Nature, Mercer pointed out that green-house warming from burning fossil fuel could have the effect during the present interglacial. Two studies published 12 May 2014 confirm Mercers assumption, climate scientist James Hansen has coined the term, John Mercer effect. After Mercer published his paper suggesting that the West Antarctic ice sheet could collapse in response to warming, others, including Hansen, had similar problems. Many climate scientists censor their own work to avoid losing funding, John H. Mercer was the third child of Harriet and John W. Mercer. He was educated at schools in Cheltenham and, later. During World War II he served in the British Merchant Marines as a radio man, after the war he went to University of Cambridge and studied geography. At that time he came under the influence of William Vaughan Lewis, after finishing his B. A. in 1949 Mercer went to Canada, where he received his PhD in geography from McGill University in 1954. He was a Research Scholar from 1954 to 1956 at the Australian National University in Canberra and he returned to Canada and worked in the Canadian Hydro-graphic Office in Ottawa as a geographer in 1957 and 1958. During 1959–60, 1961–62,1964, and 1966, the American Geographical Society employed him at its World Data Center A for Glaciology in New York. The turning point in his career as a glaciologist was in 1960 and he remained at The Ohio State University until his death, becoming its first Senior Research Scientist. Mercer papers at The Ohio Library and Information Network, OhioLINKJohn H. Mercer – Profile showing that most of the West Antarctic ice sheet is grounded below sea level which makes it sensitive to sea level rise. If contact of ice to bottom rocks is lost seaward of the grounding line, the ice sheet becomes significantly thinner (some 100 m), forming a shelf ice.
29. Preston Mommsen – Preston Luke Mommsen is a retired South African-born Scottish cricketer. Having represented South Africa at under 19 level he played his first game for Scotland in a first class match against the Netherlands on 10 June 2010, on 21 November 2016, Mommsen announced his retirement from professional cricket to take up an attractive opportunity in the corporate world. Mommsen attended Hilton College in KwaZulu-Natal, here he was not only a member of the 1st XI cricket team but also of the 1st XV rugby team and went on to represent South Africa School Boys for both sports. In 2006 Preston went on a cricket and rugby scholarship to Gordonstoun School in Moray, during this time he became the first school boy to score 1000 runs in that season. It was while he was at Gordonstoun that he got the chance to play for Kent 2nds, Mommsen had a brief spell at Kent but only managed to make two appearances for the countys 2nd team. After leaving Gordonstoun, Preston moved permanently to Scotland, living in Edinburgh and it was here that he started playing for Carlton. After four years living in Edinburgh he qualified for the Scottish National Team and was called up in June 2010 after impressing at club level. The 2011 Season is the first full season Mommsen has been eligible for Scotland, as such he was selected in Scotlands CB40 squad and got off to a good start with two 50s and an average of 62.2 after the first 7 games of the season. Mommsen went on to finish the season with 408 runs at an average of 58.28 in the competition. As a result of his form, Scotland offered a contract for the following year. He marked the occasion with his first international hundred scoring 102 of 192 balls in the first 4-day game against Namibia in Windhoek, in June 2013, Mommsen has been named as captain of a youthful Scotland squad to take on Australia A in a first-class four-day fixture in Edinburgh. Cricket Scotland named him replacement to Scotland Captain Kyle Coetzer took over at Grange Cricket Club in Edinburgh, Mommsen was ruled out of Scotlands 2013 World T20 qualifying campaign in a blow to their chances of winning a place in Bangladesh in March 2014. He had an injury and wont be able to join his squad for the qualifiers in the UAE. Mommsens ninth List-A fifty set up Scotlands 52-run win, Mommsen led Scotland into Group A for the World Cup as his second century of the tournament secured an emphatic 41-run win over UAE in the final of the qualifiersPreston Mommsen – Preston Mommsen
30. Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh – Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II. A member of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Philip was born into the Greek and he was born in Greece, but his family was exiled from the country when he was an infant. After being educated in France, Germany, and the United Kingdom, he joined the Royal Navy in 1939, from July 1939, he began corresponding with the 13-year-old Princess Elizabeth, whom he had first met in 1934. During the Second World War he served with the Mediterranean and Pacific fleets, after the war, Philip was granted permission by King George VI to marry Elizabeth. After an engagement of five months, he married Elizabeth on 20 November 1947, just before the wedding, he was created Duke of Edinburgh. Philip left active service when Elizabeth became Queen in 1952. He was formally made a Prince of the United Kingdom in 1957, Philip has four children with Elizabeth, Prince Charles, Princess Anne, Prince Andrew, and Prince Edward. He has eight grandchildren and five great-grandchildren, a keen sports enthusiast, Philip helped develop the equestrian event of carriage driving. He is a patron of over 800 organisations and serves as chairman of the Duke of Edinburghs Award scheme for people aged 14 to 24 and he is the longest-serving consort of a reigning British monarch and the oldest-ever male member of the British royal family. Philips four elder sisters were Margarita, Theodora, Cecilie, and he was baptised into the Greek Orthodox Church. His godparents were Queen Olga of Greece and the Mayor of Corfu, shortly after Philips birth, his maternal grandfather, Prince Louis of Battenberg, then known as Louis Mountbatten, Marquess of Milford Haven, died in London. Louis was a naturalised British citizen, who, after a career in the Royal Navy, had renounced his German titles and adopted the surname Mountbatten during the First World War. After visiting London for the memorial, Philip and his mother returned to Greece where Prince Andrew had remained behind to command an army division embroiled in the Greco-Turkish War, the war went badly for Greece and the Turks made large gains. On 22 September 1922, Philips uncle, King Constantine I, was forced to abdicate, the commander of the army, General Georgios Hatzianestis, and five senior politicians were executed. Prince Andrews life was believed to be in danger, and Alice was under surveillance, in December, a revolutionary court banished Prince Andrew from Greece for life. The British naval vessel HMS Calypso evacuated Prince Andrews family, with Philip carried to safety in a cot made from a fruit box. Philips family went to France, where settled in the Paris suburb of Saint-Cloud in a house lent to them by his wealthy aunt, Princess George of Greece. Because Philip left Greece as a baby, he not have a strong grasp of GreekPrince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh – Prince Philip in March 2015
31. Peter Phillips – Peter Mark Andrew Phillips is the elder child and only son of Anne, Princess Royal, and her first husband, Captain Mark Phillips. He is the eldest grandchild of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, after graduating from university in 2000, he worked for Jaguar followed by WilliamsF1. In 2003, while working for WilliamsF1 in Canada, he met Autumn Kelly, for many years Phillips has worked in the sports sponsorship and management fields. He is currently 13th in line to succeed his maternal grandmother, Peter Phillips was born at 10,46 am on 15 November 1977, at St Marys Hospital, Paddington in west London. He was the first child of Princess Anne and Mark Phillips, at the time of his birth, there was a 41-gun salute from the Tower of London. He was baptised Peter Mark Andrew Phillips on 22 December 1977, Phillips was fifth in line to the Throne at birth and remained so until the birth of his cousin, Prince William, in 1982. His parents were said to have refused offers from the Queen that would have led to his being born in the peerage, Phillips was therefore the first legitimate grandchild of a monarch to be born without a title or courtesy style for more than 500 years. Phillips went to Port Regis Prep School in Shaftesbury, Dorset before following other members of the Royal Family by attending Gordonstoun School in Moray, whilst at Gordonstoun, he was chosen to be head boy and also played in the XV. He then went to the University of Exeter and graduated with a degree in sports science, at university, he played for the Exeter University Rugby League team. After his graduation in 2000, Phillips worked for Jaguar as corporate hospitality manager and then for WilliamsF1 racing team, in 2004, while working for WilliamsF1, Phillips was in a van in China with three other employees when the van was hit by a car. He left WilliamsF1 in September 2005, for a job as a manager at the Royal Bank of Scotland in Edinburgh, in March 2012, he left RBS to take on a role as managing director at SEL UK. Unlike his sisters life, Phillips personal life receives only limited publicity. He dated Elizabeth Lorio, a cod liver oil heiress from the United States, later, he had a four-month relationship with Tara Swain, a flight attendant. In August 2012, it was announced that he would be the Guest of Honour at the 2012 Rugby League Challenge Cup Final between Warrington Wolves and Leeds Rhinos at Wembley on 24 August 2012. In 2003, Phillips met Autumn Kelly, a Canadian management consultant and their engagement was announced on 28 July 2007. Before her marriage, Autumn Kelly converted from Roman Catholicism to the Church of England. If she had been Roman Catholic at the time of the marriage, shortly before their wedding, the couple caused some reported unease in royal circles when they were interviewed and photographed by Hello. Magazine, and were reported to have been paid £500,000 and they married on 17 May 2008 at St Georges Chapel in Windsor CastlePeter Phillips – Phillips and his mother in August 2012
32. Christina Rau – Christina Rau is the widow of Johannes Rau, President of Germany from 1999-2004. Rau is the granddaughter of former President Gustav Heinemann. Her father was Eduard Delius, part in a line of entrepreneurs in the textile industry of the Westphalian city of Bielefeld. She attended boarding school in Switzerland and Scotland, subsequently, she studied political science, economics and history at the University College of Wales and at Kings College London. On 9 August 1982, she married Johannes Rau,25 years her senior, the couple had three children, Anna Christina, Philip Immanuel and Laura Helene. The family lived in Elberfeld until 1999, and then moved to BerlinChristina Rau – Christina Rau (left).
33. Heather Stanning – Heather Mary Stanning MBE is a retired British professional rower, a member of the Great Britain Rowing Team, and Royal Artillery officer. Ranked number 1 female rower in the world since 2016, she is a double Olympic champion, double World champion, quadruple World Cup champion and double European champion. As of May 2015 she and her partner Helen Glover are the World, Olympic, World Cup and European record holders, plus the reigning Olympic, World and she has also been a British champion in both womens fours and quad sculls. Paired with Helen Glover in 2012 she won an Olympic gold medal, the first for their country of the 2012 Games, in 2016 they retained their European title at Brandenburg an der Havel, and set the World Rowing Cup record time at Poznan. She announced her retirement from rowing in November 2016, in September 2016, Stanning was awarded the freedom of the Scottish region of Moray. Stanning was born in Yeovil, Somerset, England, her parents Timothy and she was educated at Gordonstoun, Scotland, where she was appointed head girl in her final year. Her school yearbook predicted that she would be the first one to win an Olympic gold medal. Whilst in sixth form she won a British Army scholarship and went on to study sports technology at the University of Bath, England and she graduated from University in 2007 before going on to Sandhurst alongside her brother, Martin, who joined the Black Watch. Another brother, Alistair, is a Navy doctor and her boyfriend, Jonny, is also in the British Army. Stanning was commissioned from Sandhurst into the Royal Artillery in August 2008, based at Larkhill Garrison on Salisbury Plain and she held the rank of Captain and served in 32nd Regiment Royal Artillery. She was promoted to Major in December 2015 and from February 2017 resumed work full time in the army before attending Staff College in September 2017, in 2006 Stanning started rowing and was selected for Team GB Start programme where she was coached by Paul Stannard. In 2007 she partnered Olivia Whitlam to win the womens competition at the World Rowing U23 Championships. In 2008 she won the Remenham Challenge Cup for womens eights at the Henley Royal Regatta and they finished seventh at the European Rowing Championships held in Brest, Belarus. Stanning was given leave from the army in 2010 to train for Olympic competition and was paired with Helen Glover in the coxless pair. At the 2010 World Rowing Cup they finished 9th in Bled and 5th in Munich, in July Glover and Stanning started to be coached by Robin Williams. They were ranked 16th and 17th in their event and were regarded as reserves for the womens eight. They improved so rapidly that at the 2010 World Rowing Championships at Lake Karapiro in New Zealand in November they won a silver medal behind Juliette Haigh and Rebecca Scown of New Zealand. In 2011 Glover and Stanning won the pair event at the GB Rowing Team Senior Trials at Eton-Dorney with a time of 7 minutes 15 secondsHeather Stanning – Heather Stanning MBE
34. Zara Tindall – Zara Anne Elizabeth Tindall MBE is a British equestrian and the second child and only daughter of Anne, Princess Royal, and her first husband, Captain Mark Phillips. She is the second-eldest grandchild of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Tindall is married to former England rugby union player Mike Tindall. Tindall won the Eventing World Championship in Aachen in 2006, the same year she was voted 2006 BBC Sports Personality of the Year by the British viewing public. She was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire in the 2007 New Year Honours List for her services to equestrianism, in 2012, she carried an Olympic flame at Cheltenham Racecourse on her horse Toytown. As a member of the Great Britain Eventing Team, she won a Silver Medal at the London 2012 Olympics and was presented with her medal by her mother and she is currently 16th in line to succeed her grandmother. Zara Tindall was born on 15 May 1981 at St Marys Hospital and she was baptised Zara Anne Elizabeth on 27 July 1981, and her first name was suggested by her uncle, the Prince of Wales. Her godparents are her uncle, Prince Andrew, the Countess of Lichfield, Helen, Lady Stewart, Andrew Parker Bowles. Phillips herself is godmother to Prince George of Cambridge, Tindall has an older brother, Peter Phillips and two half-sisters, Felicity Tonkins and Stephanie Phillips, born 2 October 1997 from her fathers second marriage to Sandy Pflueger. During her schooldays, Tindall excelled at many sporting activities, representing her schools in hockey and she was also successful academically, scoring 11 GCSEs from A* to C and a B and C in her A-levels. She later studied at University of Exeter and qualified as a physiotherapist, following in both her parents footsteps, Tindall is an accomplished equestrian. In June 2003, she announced that she had secured a deal with Cantor Index. She finished runner up at Burghley Horse Trials in 2003 in her first four-star event, despite winning team gold at the 2007 European Eventing Championships in Italy, she failed to defend her individual title after a problem in the show-jumping phase of the competition. The British Olympic Association announced that Zara would be riding Toytown for the British equestrian team at the Beijing Olympic Games 2008 in Hong Kong, however, an injury sustained by Toytown during training led to her being forced to withdraw from the team. Zara previously missed the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, when Toytown suffered an injury during training. On 25 October 2008, Tindall fell from her horse, Tsunami II, at the 15th fence of an event at Pau, France. The horse broke its neck after it had tipped over the hedge and was put down, in 2009, it was announced that Zara would be designing her own range of equestrian clothing for Musto Outdoor Clothing. The range is named ZP176 after the number she was given when she first represented her country. The range was launched in July 2010Zara Tindall – At Burghley Horse Trials in 2007
35. Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex – Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, KG, GCVO, CD, ADC is the youngest of four children and the third son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. At the time of his birth, he was third in line to succeed his mother, as of 2017, he is ninth in line. Prince Edward was born on 10 March 1964, at Buckingham Palace, as the son and fourth and youngest child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. He was baptised on 2 May 1964 in the chapel at Windsor Castle by the then-Dean of Windsor. As with his siblings, a governess was appointed to look after Edward and was responsible for his early education at Buckingham Palace. At the age of seven, Edward was then sent to Gibbs School before attending, in September 1972, Heatherdown School, near Ascot in Berkshire. He then, as his father and elder brothers had done him, moved to Gordonstoun, in northern Scotland. Upon his return to Britain, Edward matriculated at Jesus College, Cambridge and his admission to Cambridge caused some controversy at the time, since his A-level grades were far below the standard normally required, straight As, for Oxbridge entrance. Edward graduated in 1986 as BA and proceeded Master of Arts in 1991, Prince Edward made two very public attempts to pursue a career. However, in January 1987 he dropped out of the commando course after completing just one third of the 12-month training. Media reported, at the time, that the move prompted a berating from Prince Philip who reduced his son to prolonged tears, after leaving the Marines, Edward opted for a career in entertainment. His duties reportedly involved making tea for the artistic staff, while there he met actress Ruthie Henshall, whom he dated for three years. The media attacked the programme, it was reported that the Queen was not in favour of the event. In 1993, Edward formed the production company Ardent Productions. Commercial breaks are filled with army recruiting advertisements, ardents productions were somewhat better received in the United States and a documentary Edward made about his great-uncle, Edward VIII in 1996, sold well worldwide. Nonetheless, the reported losses every year it operated save one when Edward did not draw a salary. The Prince of Wales was reportedly angered by the incident, Ardent Productions was voluntarily dissolved in June 2009, with assets reduced to just £40. Edwards original backers in the venture are said to have lost every penny, Edward met Sophie Rhys-Jones, then a public relations executive with her own firm, in 1994Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex – The Earl in Belfast, February 2015
36. Endymion Wilkinson – Endymion Porter Wilkinson is an English diplomat, Sinologist, historian of China, and authority on East Asian affairs. He served in Beijing as the European Union Ambassador to China, in 2013 he published Chinese History, A New Manual, an authoritative and often witty guide to Sinology and Chinese history for which he was awarded the Prix Stanislas Julien for 2014. A new edition appeared in 2015, Wilkinson was born in the parish of Westmeston near Lewes, England and educated at Gordonstoun School and King’s College, Cambridge where he studied History and Oriental Studies. Shortly before graduation he was recruited by the Chinese government to teach English in Beijing at the Peking Institute of Languages and his two-year contract ended just as the Cultural Revolution was beginning. From Beijing he went to Princeton University where he completed a PhD in 1970 under James T. C and this was later published as Studies in Chinese Price History. From 1970 to 1974, Wilkinson was lecturer in the History of the Far East at the School of Oriental and African Studies, however, when he began teaching there he still felt unprepared. He did not know, he recalled years later, what to tell his graduate students about the Zhou or Shang dynasties. As a research fellow at Harvard University in 1971, Wilkinson mentioned to John Fairbank, a senior Harvard scholar, Fairbank offered to publish them, and the 1973 Research Guide appeared in due course. During these years he translated two books from the Chinese, one popular, the other, academic. While on academic study leave in 1974, he was asked by the European Commission to find the building, shortly thereafter, he quit academe, joined the Commissions External Relations Directorate General and was posted to Tokyo as First Secretary during the intensification of EU-Japan trade frictions. In 1980 he published Gokai 誤解, or was Japan deliberately keeping its markets closed and therefore operating with an unfair advantage. For a brief period in the Summer of 1980 the book became the number one non-fiction best seller in Japan and it was also made into a four-hour TV documentary by TBS. It was broadcast in Tokyo on March 9–12,1980 and in the rest of Japan that April, Gokai was also published in new expanded editions in English, Italian, German, Chinese, and French. By 1992 it had sold a total of 250,000 copies, neither side gets off lightly wrote the Economist reviewer. The editor of the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Jürgen Eicke suggested the book was Essential for everyone in economic circles who has any contact with Japan, both well-informed and witty. wrote Claude Levi-Strauss, I learned a great deal from it and it gave me food for thought too. Wilkinson later served as head of the China desk in Brussels, in 1981 he produced the blueprint for the forerunner of the China Europe International Business School. Between 1982 and 1987 he was DCM in the EU’s Bangkok Delegation, before becoming a director of the European Commission and his appointment as EU Ambassador to China in 1994, Wilkinson served as head of the Southeast Asia and Asia divisions in the Commission. Among his activities at this time was the launch of a $100 million program to provide loans to 170,000 Vietnamese boat people refugees to enable them to businesses on returning to VietnamEndymion Wilkinson – Chinese History: A New Manual, Fourth Edition (2015), hot off the press