Category:Royal Academy of Fine Arts (Antwerp) alumni
Pages in category "Royal Academy of Fine Arts (Antwerp) alumni"
The following 95 pages are in this category, out of 95 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 95 pages are in this category, out of 95 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Royal Academy of Fine Arts (Antwerp) – The Royal Academy of Fine Arts Antwerp is an art academy located in Antwerp, Belgium. It is one of the oldest of its kind in Europe. It was founded by David Teniers the Younger, painter to the Archduke Leopold Wilhelm and Don Juan of Austria. The Royal Academy developed into an internationally acclaimed institute for Fine Arts, Architecture and Design. From the nineteenth century on, the academy attracted young artists from abroad. Irish, German, Polish artists looking for a solid classical training found their way to Antwerp. Under the direction of his registrar Hendrik Conscience, the academy faced significant restructuring. The academy's significant collection was exhibited in its own gallery space. By 1890, this gallery would move to its current location in Antwerp. In 1880, a young artist Henry Van de Velde enrolled at the Antwerp Academy. He would become one of the 20th century architects and designers. In 1886, Vincent van Gogh was also to spend a short time at the Antwerp academy, prior to his departure to France. In 1946, the Architecture program became The National Higher Institute of Architecture. Another key moment in the history of the academy would be 1963. A new course ` Fashion Design' started.Royal Academy of Fine Arts (Antwerp) – The Neoclassical entrance gate (1841-1843) designed by Pierre Bourla
2. Antwerp – Antwerp is a city in Belgium, the capital of Antwerp province in the region of Flanders. With a population of 510,610, it is the most populous city proper in Belgium. Its metropolitan area houses around 1,200,000 people, second behind Brussels. Antwerp is on the River Scheldt, linked by the Westerschelde estuary. The Port of Antwerp is one of the biggest in ranking second in Europe and within the top 20 globally. Antwerp has long been an important city in the Low Countries, both economically and especially before the Spanish Fury in the Dutch Revolt. The city also hosted the 1920 Summer Olympics. For those who refused, he severed one of their hands and threw it into the river. Eventually the giant was killed by a young hero named Silvius Brabo, who flung it into the river. Hence the name Antwerpen, from Dutch hand werpen, akin to Old English hand and wearpan, which has evolved to today's warp. A longstanding theory is that the name comes from the Latin antverpia. Antverpia would come from Ante Verpia, indicating land that forms by deposition in the inside curve of a river. Note that the Scheldt, before a transition period between 600 and 750, followed a different track. This must have coincided roughly with the current south of the city, situating the city within a former curve of the river. More something like an outpost with a river crossing.Antwerp – Antwerp Antwerpen
3. Belgium – Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a sovereign state in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, the North Sea. It is a small, densely populated country which has a population of about 11 million people. Additionally, there is bordering Germany. Historically, Belgium, Luxembourg were known as the Low Countries; it once covered a somewhat larger area than the current Benelux group of states. The region was called Belgica after the Roman province of Gallia Belgica. Until the 17th century the area of Belgium was a prosperous and cosmopolitan centre of commerce and culture. Belgium is a federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of governance. It is divided into three communities, that exist next to each other. Its two largest regions are the Dutch-speaking region of Flanders in the north and the French-speaking southern region of Wallonia. The Brussels-Capital Region is an officially bilingual enclave within the Flemish Region. A German-speaking Community exists in eastern Wallonia. Related political conflicts are reflected in its political history and complex system of governance, made up of six different governments. Belgium is also a founding member of the Eurozone, a part of the trilateral Benelux Union. Brussels, hosts several of the EU's official seats as well as the headquarters of many major international organizations such as NATO. Belgium is also a part of the Schengen Area.Belgium – Charlemagne and Charles V
4. Henry Allan (painter) – Henry Allan was an Irish painter. He was born at Dundalk, County Louth, Ireland, the youngest son of William Allan and his wife Anne. He continued his art education in Antwerp, alongside contemporary Richard Moynan. He won multiple prizes at the Royal Dublin Society. He lived for a year or two in Downpatrick, County Down, before moving to Dublin. He began exhibiting at the Royal Hibernian Academy with a painting entitled Country Road near Antwerp. The Little Matchseller, was awarded the Albert Prize at the RHA in 1893. He also painted local scenes around Dublin and County Down well as portraits, studio pieces and figure studies. It may be that most of his work has been destroyed. The National Gallery of Ireland holds A Dutch Interior, included in ` The Irish Impressionists' exhibition in 1984.Henry Allan (painter) – v
5. Lawrence Alma-Tadema – Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, OM, RA was a Dutch painter of special British denizenship. Lourens Alma Tadema was born on 8 January 1836 in the village of Dronrijp in the province of Friesland in the north of the Netherlands. Alma came from his godfather. He was the sixth child of Pieter Jiltes Tadema, the third child of Hinke Dirks Brouwer. His father had three sons from a previous marriage. The second was Atje, Lourens' sister, for whom he had great affection. The Tadema family moved to the nearby city of Leeuwarden where Pieter's position as a notary would be more lucrative. His father died when Lourens was four, leaving his mother with five children: three boys from his father's first marriage. His mother decided that drawing lessons should be incorporated into the children's education. He received his first training with a local drawing master hired to teach his older half-brothers. It was intended that the boy would become a lawyer; but in 1851 at the age of fifteen he suffered a physical and mental breakdown. Given only a short time to live, he was allowed to spend his remaining days at his leisure, drawing and painting. Left to his own devices he decided to pursue a career as an artist. In 1852 he entered the Royal Academy of Antwerp in Belgium where he studied Flemish art, under Gustaf Wappers. During Alma-Tadema's four years as a registered student at the Academy, he won respectable awards.Lawrence Alma-Tadema – Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema
6. Floris Arntzenius – Pieter Florentius Nicolaas Jacobus Arntzenius was a Dutch painter, water-colourist, illustrator and printmaker. He is considered a representative of the younger generation of the Hague School. Arntzenius was born on the island of Java where his father served in the Royal Dutch East Indies Army. In 1882 he became a student of Frederik Nachtweh, under Nachtweh's supervision he gained admission to the Rijksacademie van Beeldende Kunsten. After his studies in Amsterdam he spent another two years in Antwerp studying under Charles Verlat. Back in Amsterdam, he had a studio at the Sarphatistraat. Arntzenius also moved there to keep her company. At The Hague the established painters of the first generation of the Hague School dominated artistic life. Arntzenius became a member of the artist's society Pulchri Studio in The Hague in 1892. From 1893 to 1895 he shared Bernard Blommers' former studio with Cornelis Antonie van Waning. He also contributed illustrations from 1892 to 1894. In 1896 he was admitted to a society that promoted the medium of watercolours among its members. Especially his watercolours gained high praise. During his first years in The Hague, he painted landscapes in the typical Hague School style. Arntzenius later switched to street scenes, just like Israëls and Breitner made in Amsterdam.Floris Arntzenius – Self-portrait, undated, private collection
7. Alphonse Balat – Alphonse Hubert François Balat was a Belgian architect. Balat was born in Gochenée. He obtained his degree in architecture from the Academy of Antwerp in 1838. In 1839 he returned after his father's death. He was soon discovered by the Walloon nobility for which he renovated a number of ` Château's'. Stylistically these constructions often contained renaissance elements with a neoclassical stress. In his interior designs he also used elements from the Louis XV and Louis XVI styles. In 1846 Balat settled in Brussels. In 1856 he created several temporary festive decorations for the monarchy. In 1852 he was appointed as the architect of the Duke of the later king Leopold II of Belgium. In 1856 he constructed the palace of the Marquess of Assche in the newly planned district called ` Quartier Léopold'. It was noticed for its austere Neo-Renaissance facade inspired by Michelangelo's Palazzo Farnese in Rome. His rather sober classical approach was rare at that time when excessively decorated interiors were much preferred. During his career he built a large number of private residences. Most of them were demolished during the 20th century.Alphonse Balat – Alphonse Hubert François Balat
8. Polydore Beaufaux – Polydore Beaufaux was a Belgian painter. He favored Biblical scenes, genre pieces. From 1844 to 1850, he studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. In 1857, he won the Prix de Rome for painting. He became a Professor at the Academy, where he taught a course entitled "Painting from Life". Léon Abry, Edouard de Jans are among his best-known students. He exhibited regularly at the Paris Salon. In 1889, he made a trip to England, then left Antwerp to settle in Wavre. He became paralyzed in his hands and could no longer paint. Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon, Vol. 8, München-Leipzig, 1994. Léon Maret. Le peintre Polydore Beaufaux 1829—1905 Prix de Rome. — S.l. 1967. — 45 pp. Arcadja Auctions: Polydore Beaufaux Repro-Tableaux: Portrait of Leopold IPolydore Beaufaux – Oriental Girl with a Dove (date unknown)
9. Jan van Beers (artist) – Jean Marie Constantin Joseph "Jan" van Beers was a Belgian painter and illustrator, the son of the poet Jan van Beers. They are sometimes referred to as Jan van Beers the younger. In 1884, Jan Van Beers produced the pen-and-ink sketches for the edition de luxe of his father's poetry. Van Beers studied in Antwerp. Afterwards he became the leader of a group of young artists, the "Van Beers clique." This group included the artists Piet Verhaert, Jef Lambeaux. They were well known for their eccentric behaviour, including walking around Antwerp dressed in historic costumes. Van Beers began his career as a painter, producing works relating to the Renaissance. It requires a good deal of diplomacy to get them to pose. Even then they often leave you in the lurch." Vanity Fair showed him in their 1891 caricature titled "The Modern Wiertz". Van Beers' work was often compared to that of his Belgian predecessor, particularly the more grotesque elements. In Paris, Van Beers began construction of a house, off the Avenue du Bois de Boulogne, where each room was to be of a different design. People said that it was the work of a madman. In addition to Van Beers' languid ladies, he painted a number of portraits of men, pictures in an orientalist style.Jan van Beers (artist) – Van Beers in his studio, Paris, late 1880s
10. Albert Fitch Bellows – Albert Fitch Bellows, American landscape painter of the Hudson River School. Bellows was born at Milford, Massachusetts. He first, in 1849, became the partner of Boston architect John D. Towle as Towle & Bellows. However, Bellows quickly turned to painting. From 1850 to 1856 he taught in Boston. He spent time in Paris and at the Royal Academy at Antwerp as well as in England. He exhibited his first work in 1857 becoming a full member in 1861. Bellows settled in New York City in 1858 to America. He spent most of his remaining career in New York, though he briefly moved to Boston. In 1859, he became a full member in 1861. He visited Europe again in 1867. In New York he kept a studio as many of the notable Hudson River School artists of the time. He excelled at figurative scenes. He eventually maintained two studios, one for watercolor. He was an honorary member of the Royal Belgian Society of Water-Colorists.Albert Fitch Bellows – Albert Fitch Bellows (American, 1829-1883). Life's Day or Three Times Across the River: Noon (The Wedding Party), 1861. Oil on canvas. Brooklyn Museum
11. Charles Van Beveren – Charles van Beveren, was a Belgian artist, who spent much of his life in Amsterdam. He studied art at the academy of his native city and at Antwerp. He distinguished himself as a painter of history, genre, portraits. He died in 1850. His best known of his works are: pendant marriage portraits now in Rijksmuseum Amsterdam. The Confession of a Sick Girl. Male Figure. A study. The Vision of St. Ignatius. The Death of St. Anthony of Padua.Charles Van Beveren – Portrait of the sculptor Louis Royer, 1830
12. Ferdinand de Braekeleer the Elder – Ferdinand de Braekeleer, sometimes spelled as Ferdinand de Braeckeleer, was a Flemish painter. He is called ` the Elder' to distinguish him from his son with the same name, also a painter. Ferdinand was born in a poor family. After his parents died he was admitted for orphans of Mathieu Ignace van Brée in Antwerp. He continued his education for Fine Arts of Antwerp. His paintings received several prizes in 1811. In 1813 he made his reputation at the Salon de Paris with his work Aeneas die Anchises redt uit de brand van Troje. In addition to historical paintings, he also painted religious paintings, in Wijnegem. This prize provided him with a scholarship that allowed him to study in Italy to improve his skills. He spent 1822 in Italy. Together with his tutor Van Brée he visited Italian cities, including Naples, Ancona, Firenze, Bologna and Venice. After his return to Belgium, De Braekeleer lived in his town Antwerp. He created works inspired by the Flemish masters. He primarily focused on historical paintings. One of these is the painting De Citadel van Antwerpen na het van 1832.Ferdinand de Braekeleer the Elder – Self-portrait Ferdinand De Braekeleer, 1854
13. Renaat Braem – Renaat Braem was a leading Belgian architect and urban planner in the latter half of the twentieth century. Renaat Braem was born in 1910. He received the same year. Braem used the money of the award working at the studio of Le Corbusier in 1936 and 1937. Over the next two decades, Braem created many projects, ranging to large scale housing complexes in Leuven, Brussels, Deurne and Boom. His work was faithful to the Athens Charter of the CIAM until the late 1960s, when his work became more organic. He was one of the oginators of the Bouwcentrum in Antwerp, which tried to promote the industrialisation of the work of prototyping. In 1968, he wrote Het lelijkste an essay against the postwar spatial planning of Belgium with an ecological warning as well. Renaat Braem published his memoirs Het schoonste ter wereld in 1987. He moved in 1997. His private home, all its contents was legated to the Flemish Community in 1999. He died in Essen. His house was transformed after the Horta Museum in Brussels. An exhibition on the work of Renaat Braem takes place in 2010, to celebrate his centenary - www.braem2010.be. ` ASP editions, 2010.Renaat Braem – The rectorate of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel
14. Frank Bramley – Frank Bramley RA was an English post-impressionist genre painter of the Newlyn School. Bramley was born in Sibsey, in Lincolnshire to Charles Bramley from Fiskerton also in Lincolnshire. From 1873 to 1878 Bramley studied at the Lincoln School of Art. He then studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts where Charles Verlat was his instructor. He then moved to Newlyn, Cornwall. Bramley married fellow artist Katherine Graham, daughter of John Graham from Huntingstile, Grasmere, Westmoreland, in 1891. The couple lived at Orchard Cottage, which at the time was called Belle Vue Cottage, from 1893 to 1897. In 1895 they moved in the West Midlands. They by 1900 had settled at Grasmere in the Lake District. Bramley died in August 1915. Having returned to England in or after 1884, Bramley established himself in the Newlyn School artist colony on Rue des Beaux Arts in Newlyn. Along with Stanhope Forbes, he was considered to be one of the "leading figures" of the Newlyn School. An example of Bramley's use of the square technique is his painting Domino!. Bramley left the organization after having received condemning comments from Walter Sickert. In 1911 he became a Royal Academician.Frank Bramley – Self portrait (1897)
15. James Wells Champney – James Wells Champney was an American genre and portrait painter. His illustrations were also very popular and were used to illustrate books by his wife and other authors. He was the husband of Elizabeth Williams Champney. In 1882, he was elected as an Associate member. He was also a member of the Salmagundi Club. This article incorporates text from now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M. eds.. "Champney, James Wells". New International Encyclopedia. New York: Dodd, Mead. James Wells Champney exhibition catalogs Works by James Wells Champney at Project Gutenberg Works by or about James Wells Champney at Internet ArchiveJames Wells Champney – 1875 Mississippi Capitol
16. Emile Claus – Emile Claus was a Belgian painter. Emile Claus was born on 27 September 1849, in a village in West-Flanders, at the banks of the river Lys. Emile was the twelfth child in a family of thirteen. Father Alexander was a grocer-publican and for some time councillor. Mother Celestine Verbauwhede had her hands full with her offspring. As a child, Emile on Sunday went three kilometres on foot to the Academy of Waregem to learn how to draw. He graduated with a gold medal. Although father Claus allowed him to take drawing classes, he did not fancy an artist's career for his son. Instead, he sent Emile to Lille. The job of a baker clearly did not appeal to him. He also worked with the Belgian Railways and as a representative in the flax trade. Only with some effort, Peter Benoit managed to convince father Claus to allow his son to train at the Antwerp Academy of Fine Arts. Claus did have to pay for his studies himself though. After graduating, he stayed to live in Antwerp. In 1883 Claus moved to cottage Zonneschijn near Deinze, where he stayed until his death.Emile Claus – Emile Claus (1917)
17. Pierre Cuypers – Petrus Josephus Hubertus Cuypers was a Dutch architect. His name is most frequently associated both in Amsterdam. More representative for his oeuvre, however, are numerous churches, of which he designed more than 100. Moreover, he restored a large number of monuments. Cuypers grew up in surroundings in which interest for art was encouraged. After he studied in Roermond, he moved to Antwerp in 1844 to study architecture at the Royal art academy. He was taught by all pioneers of the neo-Gothic architecture in Belgium. Cuypers was a good student; in 1849, he gained the Prix d'Excellence of the academy. From 1875 he led the restoration of the eastern front of the Mainz Cathedral, which he executed according to his own plans in Romanesque style. After a tour in the German Rheinland, he returned to Roermond, where he was appointed a architect in 1851. In 1852, he opened a workshop where ecclesiastical art was manufactured. Cuypers' ecclesiastical work was initially strongly influenced by the writings of his friends Eugene Viollet-le-Duc and J. A. Alberdingk Thijm. Cuypers built a large number of churches all across the Netherlands, in which the French influence played a prominent role. Highlights from these first period are the Catharina's Church in Eindhoven, among others. He also experimented with other non-conventional layouts.Pierre Cuypers – Pierre Cuypers
18. Bob de Moor – Bob de Moor is the pen name of Robert Frans Marie De Moor, a Belgian comics creator. Chiefly noted as an artist, he is considered an early master of the Ligne style. He also collaborated with Hergé on several volumes of The Adventures of Tintin. Bob de Moor started drawing at three or four. Following studies at the Antwerp Academy of Fine Arts, De Moor started his career at the Afim studios. His first album was written for "De Kleine Zondagsvriend". His co-worker Jacques Martin is quoted as saying that de Moor had an extraordinary facility to adapt himself to the style of others. This manifested in a seamless integration with Hergé's style, well as in him being asked on occasion to complete the work of other artists. De Moor illustrated the cover of "A World of Machines" by the Belgian band The Machines. 1949 Le Vaisseau Miracle 1949 Guerre dans le Cosmos, Ed. Coune 1950 Le Lion de Flandre, Ed. Deligne 1950 L'Enigmatic Monsieur Barelli, Ed. du Lombard 1950 Monsieur Tric, Ed. Bédéscope 1951 Les Gars des Flandres, Ed. Bédéscope 1951 Conrad le Hardi, Ed. Casterman Bob de Moor biography on Lambiek ComiclopediaBob de Moor – Bob de Moor
19. Jacobus Josephus Eeckhout – Jacobus Josephus Eeckhout was a Flemish painter. Eeckhout was born at Antwerp, studied first at the Academy of that city. He painted historical and genre subjects, portraits, in 1829 he was elected a member of the Academies of Amsterdam, Antwerp, Brussels, Rotterdam. He may be considered one of the most distinguished painters of the Dutch school. His compositions are expressive and lively, the colouring vigorous. Eeckhout died in Paris in 1861. His best works are: The Death of William the Silent. Peter the Great at Zaandam. The Departure of the Kecruits of Scheveningen'. Collection de Portraits d'Artistes nés dans royaume des Pays-Bas. 1822.Jacobus Josephus Eeckhout – Household troubles, 1844, now in the Teyler's Museum
20. Jan Frans Eliaerts – Jan Frans Eliaerts was a Flemish painter of animals, flowers, fruit who migrated to France where he was active most of his life. Eliaerts was born in Deurne near Antwerp. He studied at the Academy of Antwerp. Here he became acquainted with Georges Frédéric Ziesel and Pieter Faes who specialised like him. He moved to Paris where he was a teacher at the Institut du Légion d'Honneur in the Paris suburb of Saint-Denis. He regularly won various awards. He also created cartons for tapestries of the Gobelin factory. At the end of his life he decided to return to Antwerp where he died. Together with Georges Frédéric Ziesel and Pieter Faes he was the principal heir of this tradition in Belgium. Eliaerts also painted pieces, which were set in a scene with flowers. The majority of his works are located in France. The Royal Museum of Fine Arts in Antwerp has a piece by him.Jan Frans Eliaerts – Bouquet of Flowers in a Sculpted Vase, now in the Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp
21. Jan Fabre – Jan Fabre is a Belgian multidisciplinary artist, playwright, stage director, choreographer and designer. Fabre studied in Antwerp. Between 1980 he wrote his first scripts for the theatre and made his début performances. Between 1976 en 1980 he did his first solo performances. During his ` money-performances' he wrote the word ` MONEY' with the ashes. In 1978 he makes drawings with his own blood during the solo performance'My body, my landscape'. Der Palast um vier Uhr morgens... A.G. In 1990, he covered an entire building with ballpoint drawings. He explores the relationships between sculpture. He also makes sculptures with beetles. His decoration of the ceiling of the Royal Palace in Brussels Heaven of Delight is widely praised. In 2004 he erected Totem, a giant bug stuck on the Ladeuzeplein in Leuven. In 2008, Jan Fabre's The Angel of Metamorphosis exhibition was held at the Louvre Museum. Animal welfare chairman Luc Bungeneers said he was having a meeting with his party chairman when he heard howling cats.Jan Fabre – Jan Fabre (center) in 2008
23. Eduard Frankfort – Eduard Salomon Frankfort was a Dutch Jewish painter during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Frankfort was born to Salomon Simon Frankfort and Dine Bendien-Frankfort. He was the youngest of eight children. Eduard's upbringing reflected his father's strict religious beliefs. When he was eleven years old, his family moved to Amsterdam, where Salomon Simon Frankfort hoped Eduard would eventually take a municipal job. Eduard, however, showed an early interest in painting. From ages eleven to seventeen, he underwent formal training at Atelier Bing to become a visual artist. In 1887, he studied in Amsterdam. Afterwards, he studied painting at the Koninklijke Academie voor Schone Kunsten Antwerpen in Antwerp, Belgium. Eduard Frankfort remained until 1905. Many of his paintings featured religious themes. Like contemporary artists, Frankfort was drawn to Laren. In 1903, he was awarded a gold medal by the Royal Art Society "Arti et Amicitiae". He was asked to teach at several schools. In 1905, he followed his sister to South Africa, where he painted portraits.Eduard Frankfort – Self-portrait with Pipe (c.1900)
24. George Albert Frost – George Albert Frost was an American artist of the 19th century. He had a studio in North Cambridge, Massachusetts for several years. He studied in Antwerp. He is considered a member of the White Mountain art group of painters. Frost was born in 1843. He left school at age eleven to work on a farm where he had no opportunity to follow his artistic inclinations. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he served for more than two years. In 1865 he joined Colonel Franklin L. Pope's division of the Western Union party to British Columbia for which he produced sketches. In 1866 he was assigned with the purpose of selecting a route to connect a telegraph line from San Francisco to Moscow. In 1883 he produced his earliest known White Mountain work. Selections from the George Kennan Collection in Meeting of Frontiers consists of 256 photographs taken in a wide range of locations in Siberia. Frost's drawings, some of which were copied from photographs taken during the trip, were used to illustrate Kennan's book, the Exile System. For a many years, Frost had a summer home in Brownfield, Maine, near the Conway area of New Hampshire. He painted many scenes along the Saco River. He exhibited there during the years 1896 to 1908.George Albert Frost – George Albert Frost (1843–1907) Franconia Notch (left); Franconia Notch in 2004 (right)
25. Guillaume Geefs – Guillaume Geefs, also Willem Geefs, was a Belgian sculptor. Although known primarily for public portraits of statesmen and nationalist figures, he also explored mythological subject matter, often with an erotic theme. Geefs was born at the eldest of six brothers in a family of sculptors, the best-known of whom are Joseph Geefs and Jean Geefs. He began exhibiting his work in 1828. In 1829, Geefs traveled to Italy. When he returned to Antwerp, he began teaching at the academy. During the 1830s, he executed the colossal work Victims of the Revolution at Brussels, well as numerous statues and busts. In 1836, he married a Brussels-born painter of Irish descent known professionally as Fanny Geefs. In the mid-19th century, the sculptor Guillaume-Joseph Charlier was his brother Joseph. Geefs' early work has been characterized in mood." He was prolific in producing tombs, pulpits, statues, sculpture groups. The works of Guillaume Geefs include: tomb monument, "noted for its naturalness and lack of idealization." Marble, Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, see online; small bronze version online. He is now regarded as the Belgian sculptor of his time. Le génie du mal Two statues by Guillaume Geefs Bio on Philatelia.netGuillaume Geefs – illustration by Médard Tytgat
26. Albert Lorey Groll – Albert Lorey Groll was an American artist. In 1910, he was elected into the National Academy of an elite organization. He kept a studio in New York. In 1906 Groll made the first of several trips at the suggestion of Professor Stewart Culin of the Brooklyn Museum. He mostly focused on oil paintings of the American lands, which were mostly realistic, however, encompassed some abstract shapes as well. He won several awards in both Arizona and New York. Fully digitized 1911 catalog featuring Groll from The Metropolitan Museum of Art Libraries. Biographical Notes, a catalog of American artists containing additional information on Groll.Albert Lorey Groll – Albert Groll in 1906
27. John McLure Hamilton – John McLure Hamilton was an Anglo-American artist. He began his art education at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, under Thomas Eakins. Later he continued his education at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris and at the Royal Academy in Belgium. Hamilton was noted for portraits, illustrations. In addition to Gladstone, Hamilton painted portraits of English notables including Cardinal Manning, George Meredith and Richard Vaux. He was the author of Men I Have Painted. ... More images available at Commons. Richard J. Alperin, Art's Anglo-American Paper Lion: John McLure Hamilton's Untold Story, published by Junius, ISBN 0-9603932-6-9John McLure Hamilton – Portrait of John McLure Hamilton by Thomas Eakins, 1895.
28. Charles Napier Hemy – Charles Napier Hemy RA was a British painter best known for his marine paintings and his paintings in the Tate collections. His two brothers, Thomas and Bernard, were also painters. He trained followed by the Antwerp Academy and the studio of Baron Leys. He returned in 1881 moved to the coastal town of Falmouth in Cornwall. He is best known works are Pilchards and London River which are in the Tate collections. John Singer Sargent painted a portrait of Hemy on a visit ` Churchfield', in 1905. The visit highlighted the importance of the circle of artists that surrounded the marine artist in the town. He died in Falmouth on 30 September 1917. Bernard Benedict Hemy and Thomas Madawaska Hemy were also painters, though they didn't match his success. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, ed.. "Hemy, Charles Napier". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. Tate Collection Three Hemy pictures illustrated, with notes. 24 November 2012 to 2 February 2013.Charles Napier Hemy – "Waiting", an 1895 painting by Charles Napier Hemy
29. Adriaan Jozef Heymans – Adriaan Jozef Heymans was a Belgian impressionist landscape painter. His father was a trader in window-glass, who died when Heymans was only seven. Afterward, he was partly raised by his uncle, a small village near Antwerp, where he first learned to appreciate nature. During a stay in Paris from 1855 to 1858, he was strongly influenced by the Barbizon School. By the time of the Brussels Salon in 1860, he was turning toward impressionism. He soon began painting plein air, both there and in the vicinity of Kalmthout. Other painters came to the Kempen area seeking inspiration; often living in tent camps and waiting for the desired lighting effects. He is also considered to be a member of the "Genkse School", because he was active in those areas. In 1869, he settled in Brussels, where he was a c0-founder of the Société Libre des Beaux-Arts and several artists' associations. In 1881, he was named a Knight in the French Legion of Honor. By 1913, his health had deteriorated much that he was forced to give up painting. Henry van de Velde: Adrien-Joseph Heymans: Etude; Revue Générale, September 1889 Emmanuel Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs, Paris, 1976. ISBN 2-700-00156-7 P. & V. Berko, Dictionnaire des peintres belges nés entre 1750 et 1875, Brussel-Knokke, 1981. Le dictionnaire des peintres belges du XIVième siècle à nos jours, Brussel, 1994. Gilberte Geysen and Marko vom Felde, A.J.Adriaan Jozef Heymans – Moonlit Sky (1907)
30. Hugo Heyrman – Hugo Heyrman known by his artist name Dr. Hugo Heyrman, is a leading Belgian painter, filmmaker, internet pioneer, synesthesia and new media researcher. Dr. Hugo Heyrman was born in Zwijndrecht, he works in Antwerp. Originally, Heyrman transferred to the visual arts. He became a laureate of the National Higher Institute for Fine Arts in Antwerp. In addition, he studied nuclear physics for Nuclear Energy in Mol. From his earliest work, Heyrman developed a specific vision on the nature of perception. "Most of my work has to do with contemporary fragility. The works are ` forms of visual thinking, they make the virtual and mental space of an image real", he declares in his website. His practice includes painting, drawing, sculpture, photography, video, film and digital media. In his website'Museums of the Mind' he continues to publish his theory and experiments on the telematic future of art, the senses and synaesthesia. During the sixties, Heyrman profiled himself as an artist with happenings, film - and video experiments. Online since 1995, Heyrman became one of the pioneers in Net.art. He also participated at the'First International Symposium on Electronic Art' in Utrecht. In 1995, Heyrman coined the terms "tele-synaesthesia" and "post-ego". Since 1993 he is the Arts, Brussels.Hugo Heyrman – Dr. Hugo Heyrman playing at the Florian, Venice 1997
31. Nicaise de Keyser – He received his painting tuition under Jozef Jacobs and Mattheus Ignatius van Bree. After 1835 he made many travels including to England and Scotland, Paris and Italy. He married the genre painter Isabella Telghuys on 6 October 1840. In 1846, he was elected as an Honorary Academician. When in 1855 the Belgian Romantic painter Gustave Wappers resigned as director of the Antwerp Academy, de Keyser succeeded him. In 1873 he was awarded the famous Prussian order "Pour le Mérite". Despite his great fame throughout his lifetime, his work, like that of the other Belgian Romantic painters, was quickly forgotten in the 20th century. De Keyser is said to have produced more than 350 paintings. Having debuted with religious pictures, his attention was later drawn to his country's history. His breakthrough as a painter came with the Battle of the Golden Spurs, exhibited at the Brussels Salon in 1836. It depicts a scene from an important historical battle of 1302. The success of de Keyser's work was followed by the Battle of Worringen of 1288. Starting in 1862, de Keyser painted a series of historical paintings that celebrated the Flemish school of art. The paintings were intended for the former Antwerp museum and building. Others in this group included Gustave Wappers, Louis Gallait, Ernest Slingeneyer, other minor figures.Nicaise de Keyser – Nicaise de Keyser (1836) by Charles Baugniet
32. Roar KjernstadRoar Kjernstad – Roar kjernstad, Let's have a feast in the light of spring! (2007), private collection
33. Jef Lambeaux – Jef Lambeaux or Josef Lambeaux was a Belgian sculptor who worked during the late 19th century and early 20th century. His best known work is Temple of a colossal marble bas-relief. Lambeaux was born on 14 January 1852. He was a pupil of Jean Geefs. He was part of a group of the "Van Beers clique", led by Jan van Beers. This group included Piet Verhaert and Alexander Struys. They were well known for their eccentric behaviour, including walking around Antwerp dressed in historic costumes. After visiting Italy, where he was much impressed by the works of Jean Boulogne, he showed a strong predilection for effects of motion. Of his numerous busts may be mentioned those of Hendrik Conscience, of Charles Buls, the burgomaster of Brussels. It is at once chaotic and vague, bloated and pretentious, empty. And what if, instead of paying for 300,000 francs of “passions”, the government simply bought works of art?" Lambeaux died on 5 June 1908 in Brussels. 1887: Knight in the Order of Leopold. In 2006 the association "ASBL Musée Jef Lambeaux" was set up to promote the creation of a museum dedicated to the artist in Saint-Gilles, Belgium. The museum was already never built.Jef Lambeaux – Le Triomphe de la Femme (1901).
34. Jan August Hendrik Leys – Henri Leys, Hendrik Leys or Jan August Hendrik, Baron Leys was a Belgian painter and printmaker. Leys became a pioneer of the Realist movement in Belgium. His style was influential on artists in and outside Belgium. Henri Leys was born as the son of Hendrik-Jozef-Martinus Leys and Maria-Theresia Craen. His father ran a printing business specializing in religious images printed from old copper plates. The first etching by Henri Leys was a funeral image made for his father's shop in 1831. Henry Leys was very keen on drawing. His parents let him study under a furniture painter who lived next door. During this period Leys started to work in the studio of the genre painter Ferdinand de Braekeleer. One of Leys' teachers at the Academy was the director of the Academy. Van Bree did not appreciate the joke. But as the young hothead refused to apologize, the director evicted him from the Academy. He never returned to the Academy, even as a teacher after he had achieved international success. From the start of his career he painted genre subjects. During this period he often collaborated with the Romantic painter Gustaf Wappers.Jan August Hendrik Leys – The Mass of Berthal de Haze
35. Arthur Lismer – Arthur Lismer, CC was an English-Canadian painter and member of the Group of Seven. He is known for his paintings of ships in dazzle camouflage. At age 13 he apprenticed at a photo-engraving company. He was used this time to take evening classes at the Sheffield School of Arts from 1898 until 1905. In 1905, he moved to Antwerp, Belgium, where he studied art at the Academie Royale. Lismer immigrated to Canada in 1911, took a job with Grip Ltd.. From 1916-1919 Lismer served as the President of the Victoria College of Art. In wartime Halifax, Lismer was inspired by the shipping and naval activity of the port, notably the dramatically painted camouflaged ships. This work came to the attention of Lord Beaverbrook who arranged for Lismer to be commissioned as an official artist. His best-known work from the war years depicted what he observed and learned about in Halifax, Nova Scotia: Mine sweeping, convoying, patrolling and harbor defense. He also did some sketches of the Halifax Explosion. The group was known for its depictions of the North American wilderness. He also worked at Grip. Arthur Lismer's style was influenced by his pre-Canadian experience, where he found post-impressionist movements a key inspiration. He became the first artistic director of the Hart House Theatre until 1921.Arthur Lismer – Arthur Lismer, 1930
36. Jacob Maris – His first teacher was the painter J.A.B. Stroebel who taught him the art of painting from 1849 to 1852. He worked on these with his brother Matthijs Maris. He is also known for his portraits of landscapes like "Schip on the Scheveningen beach". When he was twelve he later enrolled in the Hague Academy of Art. From 1850-1853 he attended this highly ranked university. An dealer recognized his talent and saw to it that Jacob was able to work in the studio of Hubertus van Hove. There he painted interiors well as figurative and genre works. Van Hove was not only his boss but also his new teacher. The nineteen-year-old Maris went with him. This relationship continued until his brother Matthijs joined Jacob. Together they rentged space which also had room for Lawrence Alma-Tadema. They were able to sell some of their works. After this he traveled in 1861. Like many of the Hague School alumni, Jacob Maris had enormous success in the Netherlands and abroad.Jacob Maris – Jacob Maris by Matthijs Maris, around 1587.
37. Francis Davis Millet – Francis Davis Millet was an American painter, sculptor, writer who died in the sinking of the RMS Titanic on April 15, 1912. Francis Davis Millet was born in Mattapoisett, Massachusetts. At age fifteen, Millet entered the Massachusetts regiment, in the American Civil War. He graduated with a Master of Arts degree. He worked at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition. In 1876, Millet returned to Boston to paint murals with John LaFarge. In the Russo‐Turkish war of 1877 -- 78, he was engaged by the New York Herald, the London Daily News, the London Graphic. He was decorated by Russia and Romania to the wounded. He was sat on the advisory committee of the National Gallery of Art. He was instrumental in obtaining the appointment of an old acquaintance from his Antwerp days, as first head of the School. Millet was served as Secretary from 1904 -- 11. He was a founding member and vice chairman of the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts, serving from 1910 until his death in 1912. He died aboard the Titanic while traveling to New York City on Academy business. Millet was a journalist as well as an artist.Francis Davis Millet – Francis Millet, portrait by George Du Maurier, 1889.
38. Richard Moynan – Richard Thomas Moynan was an Irish painter. Moynan was studied there at the Metropolitan School. Moynan originally opted for a career in the arts shortly before his final examinations. He found quick success by winning both the Taylor and Cowper competitions. In 1883 Moynan attended the Academy along with Roderic O'Conor and Henry Allen. He studied there until moving in 1885. By the late 1880s Moynan had returned to his native Dublin to exhibit his paintings, becoming a member of the Royal Hibernian Academy in 1890. In 1887, he was employed as a political cartoonist. Richard Moynan Paintings & BioRichard Moynan – Military Maneuvers, oil on canvas, 148 x 240 cm, National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin
39. Jef Nys – Jozef "Jef" Nys was a Belgian comic book creator. He was best known for his comic Jommeke. Jozef Nys was born in Berchem, Belgium in 1927. His family came at the Belgian coast, where his grandfather was a fisherman. Jef Nys' Hendrik moved to Antwerp after World War I, worked in the port. Hendrik Nys married August 1922. Her father worked as a painter. He had a great influence on the young Jef. Louise Nys had four children, two of which died at a young age. Hendrik Nys died in 1941 when he was run over while riding his bike. When Jef Nys was 5 years old, he went in Berchem. The most important of his teachers were renowned painters. Another field he excelled in at school was writing stories. Aged 13, he decided to go the technical school of Antwerp to become a technical engineer. Because he was still too young, he first had to stay one year at the technical school of Borgerhout, where he again got very good results.Jef Nys – Jef Nys in 2005
40. Dermod O'Brien – William Dermod O'Brien DL RA, commonly known as Dermod O'Brien, was an Anglo-Irish painter, chiefly of landscapes and portraits. O'Brien was the son of granddaughter of Lord Monteagle of Brandon. He was born in County Limerick. For a time after his mother's death, he was raised by his aunt Charlotte Grace O'Brien, along with his sisters, Lucy. His father subsequently remarried in 1880. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge. O'Brien married March 1902. Together they had five children. A surgeon in Dublin, married artist Kitty Wilmer O'Brien. In 1887, O'Brien then enrolled at the Royal Academy in Antwerp. At the Academy he was a fellow student of Walter Osborne. O'Brien returned to Paris, where he studied at Académie Julian. He then Dublin in 1901. O'Brien was later president between 1910 and 1945. He was made an honorary member of the Royal Academy, London in 1912.Dermod O'Brien – The Fine Art Academy, Antwerp. 1890, Oil on canvas, 80 X 58.5 cm.
41. Walter Osborne – Walter Frederick Osborne was an Irish impressionist landscape and portrait painter. Most of his paintings featured women, the elderly as well as rural scenes. Walter Osborne was born in the second of three sons of William Osborne, a successful animal painter. He was educated at the Royal Hibernian Academy school. He was influenced by the Flemish painter, the French realist, plein-air painter, Jules Bastien-Lepage. In 1883, Osborne moved to Brittany where he painted his famous Apple Gathering, Quimperlé, now in the National Gallery of Ireland. Soon after, he moved to England where he worked at Walberswick. In 1886, he received many commissions for portraits. This was an important source of income, as he had no private means of his own. His own parents became increasingly financially dependent on him. In 1892, he also had a studio at No. 7 St. Stephen's Green. He spent a considerable amount of time painting outdoors, around St. Patrick's Cathedral or in the country. He was well counted the surgeon Sir Thornely Stoker, brother of Bram Stoker, among his best friends. He was buried in Mount Jerome Cemetery. Some critics suggest that at the time of his death he was on the brink of his artistic maturity.Walter Osborne – Walter Osborne
42. Ferdinand Pauwels – Wilhelm Ferdinand Pauwels was a Belgian history painter who lived and worked in Germany. From 1842 to 1850, he studied under Gustave Wappers and Nicaise De Keyser, where he became an outstanding colorist. In 1852 he was able to spend four years studying in Italy. From 1862 to 1872, he was the Professor of History Painting at the Weimar Saxon-Grand Ducal Art School. Leon Pohle and Max Liebermann were among his students there. He completed seven large wall panels at the Wartburg, depicting the life of Martin Luther. After a short stay in Belgium, he returned to Germany where he became a Professor at the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts. His students there included Ludwig von Hofmann, Osmar Schindler, Oskar Zwintscher. During this period he also executed six large historical wall panels in Meissen. They depicted scenes of Ypres' history from 1187 to 1383. Unfortunately, these works were destroyed during World War I. Stedelijk Museum, Ypres 2001. Holger Fischer: Professor Ferdinand Pauwels und sein Schülerkreis. "Haus der Heimat", Freital 1990. Regina Wesche: Die Ausmalung der Tuchhalle in Ypern durch Ferdinand Pauwels 1870-1871.Ferdinand Pauwels – Ferdinand Pauwels, c.1890 (Courtesy of the Saxon State Library)
43. Jozef Peeters – Jozef Peeters is a Belgian painter, engraver and graphic artist. In 1913, Jozef Peeters was mainly interested by his own experiments. In 1914 he started painting luminist portraits. From 1915 to 1917 he turned to symbolistic works inspired by theosophy. In 1918 he meets Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, who convinced him to join the futurist movement. With Edmond Van Dooren and Jan Cockx, Jozef Peeters established the “Modern Art” group in September 1918. The group was able to establish international contacts with the "Der Sturm" Gallery in Germany. It also organized three art congresses with exhibitions. In 1920, Jozef Peeters presents his abstract painting. He is considered to be, next to one of the first Belgian abstract painters. He published his first album with six linocuts. Jozef Peeters also participated among which the International exhibition in Geneva and the First exhibition of modern art in Bucharest. En 1924, he designed the furniture for his new house. Jozef Peeters was also committed to art publications. In cooperation with Geert Pijnenburg and Michel Seuphor, he publishes the Het Overzicht in Antwerp.Jozef Peeters – Fantaisie (1919) Ink/watercolor by Jozef Peeters
44. Friedrich Preller the Elder – Friedrich Preller the Elder was a German landscape painter and etcher. From 1832 he was a professor at the Fürstlichen freien Zeichenschule in Weimar. He was the father of the artist Friedrich Preller the Younger. He was born at Eisenach. He became a pupil at Antwerp. From 1827 to 1831 he in 1831 received an appointment in the Weimar school of art. In 1840 he produced a number of easel works, some of which are preserved at Weimar. He returned to Weimar, where he died. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, ed.. "Preller, Friedrich". Encyclopædia Britannica. 22. Cambridge University Press. P. 278. Lionel von Donop, "Preller, Friedrich", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, 26, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 553–561 Julius Gensel: Friedrich Preller d.Friedrich Preller the Elder – Friedrich Preller the Elder (date unknown)
45. Benjamin Prins – Benjamin Liepman Prins was a Dutch genre artist. Benjamin Liepman Prins was born in the Netherlands on January 21, 1860. He was the third of six children from Henrietta Prins-Jacobson. Prins studied with him for five years. Liepman Philip Prins, worked in the family's carpet business for many years. Associations would later have great impact on Benjamin's life. In 1885 Liepman Philip Prins took his family to Frankfurt, where he continued to write on a variety of Jewish and general subjects. During a visit with the family Benjamin met Rosa Benari, the niece of a famous Jewish painter and sketcher of Jewish holiday scenes, Moritz Oppenheim. Benjamin eventually married Rosa. They had two daughters, Molly. His brother-in-law Jacob Eisenmann founded the Eisenmann Synagogue in Antwerp. Prins' artistic nature found expression not only in his work but also in the company he kept. An artist's niece, his good friend Max Liebermann demonstrate that he had a close circle of family and friends active in his profession. In the late century, an artist was not considered a respectable profession. Vivian Prins, grandson of Benjamin Prins' brother Maurits, writes in 1996:...Benjamin Prins – Benjamin Prins in his atelier, Amsterdam, 1934
46. Piat Sauvage – Piat Joseph Sauvage was a Belgian painter. Antoine, was a cutter. Piat worked in his father's factory until the age of 17, when he completed his technical schooling in drawing. He went on to improve his artistic education under the direction of an expert in grisaille and historic paintings. He worked for a time in Brussels under the rule of the Habsburgs. He then joined the Saint Luc Academy in Paris, in 1774 made nine paintings including the grisaille bas-relief La Mort de Germanicus. This canvas is at the Palace of Fontainebleau which also has decorative works by this artist. As his fame grew, he was chosen as the official painter of the Prince de Condé, then by Louis XVI and the Royal Family. During this period, he produced paintings among other works. His appointment as Royal artist did not keep him from joining the popular side of the French Revolution. His painting surprisingly did not slow down during this period of political upheaval. From 1804 to 1807, he painted porcelain figurines for the famous Sèvres porcelain factory. In 1808 he returned to Tournai to become the director of the Academy of Drawing. Until 1817, he succeeded in this role while famous artists such as Antoine Payen studied there. Media related to Piat Sauvage at Wikimedia CommonsPiat Sauvage – Portrait of Piat-Joseph Sauvage (1786) by Louis-Désiré-Joseph Donvé.
47. August Schneider – Gerhard August Schneider was a Norwegian artist and collector of folk tales. August Gerhard Schneider was born in the county of Vest-Agder, Norway. Schneider was a student at the Stavanger Latin School starting in 1860. From 1863 he was permanent illustrator in the witty Vikingen. His drawings had often a political focus. Schneider also was a habile painter. Schneider was touched by cultural traditions in the valley. He proved an accomplished painter of folk life and customs leaving a rich sketchbook. His main contribution to art was his drawings for P. Chr. Asbjørnsen's Norske Huldre-Eventyr og Folkesagn, later editions. He committed suicide at 31 years of age. Peter Christen Asbjørnsen: Norske Folke-Eventyr. Ny Samling. Jacob Dybwad. Christiania 1871.August Schneider – Photo by Christian Olsen, Chra. 1866.
48. Joseph Henry Sharp – Joseph Henry Sharp was an American painter and a founding member of the Taos Society of Artists, of which he is considered the "Spiritual Father". He was one of the earliest European-American artists to visit New Mexico, which he saw in 1893 with artist John Hauser. Sharp painted cultural life, as well as Western landscapes. President Theodore Roosevelt commissioned him to paint the portraits of 200 American warriors who survived the Battle of the Little Bighorn. While working on this project, he lived on land of Montana, where he built Absarokee Hut in 1905. Boosted to Phoebe Hearst, he quit teaching and began to paint full-time. In 1909 Sharp bought a former chapel in Taos to use as a studio, near the house of the artist E. Irving Couse. In 1912 his wife moved to the area full-time. Sharp built a house near the chapel. He was born to Irish immigrant parents. His father was a merchant by trade. From childhood, he was fascinated with anything to do with American Indians. As a boy, he nearly drowned in a swimming accident. Sharp was carried to his home by friends who thought he was dead. The incident permanently damaged his hearing, he gradually became totally deaf.Joseph Henry Sharp – Joseph Henry Sharp, c. 1910
49. Shaoul SmiraShaoul Smira – Shaoul Smira
50. Josephus Thimister – Josephus Melchior Thimister is a Belgian interior decorator and noted fashion designer who launched his eponymous fashion label, THIMISTER in 1997. In 2001, the editor-in-chief of Vogue USA Anna Wintour named Josephus Thimister of the twenty-first best fashion designers. In 2010, the New York Times described its pieces as, "fascinating quite clear in military shapes and broken elegance. Dresses like melted down silver" - Cathy Horyn. It was for the next five and a half years that Thimister would spend reviving the brand with his succinctly modernist vision. He has since presented both haute couture and prêt-à-porter collections under his name. Born to parents of Russian, Belgian, French descent in 1962, Thimister knew of his passion for design at the age of four. Within a year, the aspiring designer also his own renowned label. Thimister then worked in preparation of their 1990 haute-couture collection. From 1987 to 1992, Thimister has also freelanced in Rome, Italy. In 1991, Thimister advanced toward Balenciaga where he would hold the position for over half a decade. It was said that at Balenciaga, he "contributed in cutting in modernizing the house's image." After spending nearly six years with Balenciaga, Josephus Thimister began to design for the ready-to-wear label Genny in 1998. Alongside Genny, Thimister readapted bias-cut gowns; synthesizing dramatic, long leather skirts with elegant crisp cotton-glazed shirts. His designs showed a different approach of the art, demonstrating his individuality among the couture names.Josephus Thimister – Josephus Thimister
51. Luc Tuymans – Luc Tuymans is a Belgian artist who lives and works in Antwerp. Tuymans is considered one of the most influential painters working today. His signature figurative paintings transform mediated film, print sources into examinations of history and memory. Tuymans was born in Mortsel near Antwerp, Belgium. Tuymans's mother's family had worked in hid refugees. His Flemish father later revealed that two of his brothers had been in the Hitler Youth. Tuymans began his studies in 1976. At the age of 19 Tuymans encountered a series of El Greco paintings in Budapest while working as a guard for a European company. He spent three years experimenting with video and film until 1985. Tuymans emerged in at a time when there were not many contemporary painters making, or using imagistic paintings; others include John Currin or Elizabeth Peyton. The works were exhibited at the David Zwirner Gallery and the following year in the Belgian Pavilion at the Venice Biennale. The most noted painting was of the king himself in his military uniform. Integral to the Tuyman's practice is the reliance including drawings, photographs, film stills. He started to use Polaroids in 1995. The blurriness is actually sharp because, unlike with Gerhard Richter, it is not just painted.Luc Tuymans – Luc Tuymans, opening of his exhibition "Against the Day" at WIELS Contemporary Art Center, Brussels, April 2009.
52. Walter Tyndale – Walter Frederick Roofe Tyndale was an English watercolour painter of landscapes, architecture and street scenes, book illustrator and travel writer. Tyndale was born and trained initially at the "Bruges Academy of Art". When he was 16, his family returned to England, settling in Somerset for several years. At the age of 21, circumstances obliged him to return to England in order to make a living from his art. He married a Miss Barnard. He eventually commissioned the building of an arts and crafts-style house for himself located on Hill Road in the town. Tyndale travelled to the Netherlands, then to Portugal, where he held a successful exhibition in Oporto. Subsequently he painted in England, abroad in Morocco, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Sicily, Italy and Rothenburg, Bavaria. He illustrated several volumes as well as providing pictures for other authors. For the book "Wessex", Tyndale painted buildings in the west country of England, some of which had inspired Thomas Hardy's "Wessex" novels. Some of these locations were suggested by Hardy himself, who praised the "fidelity, both in colour" of Tyndale's work. "The Studio" magazine commented with which architectural details are rendered". Tyndale exhibited his works at various venues including the Royal Academy, Dowdeswell Galleries in London. Illustrated by Tyndale: Hardy country water-colours. Below the cataracts.Walter Tyndale – Long Street, Sherborne (The location for the "Sherton Abbas" of the "Wessex" novels of Thomas Hardy)
53. Walter van Beirendonck – Walter Van Beirendonck is a Belgian fashion designer. He graduated from the Royal Arts Academy in Antwerp. Together with Dirk Van Saene, Dries van Noten, Ann Demeulemeester, Dirk Bikkembergs they became known as the Antwerp Six. Since 1983, he issues his own collections. They are inspired by the visual arts, literature, ethnic influences. A strong graphic influence are characteristic for his collections. In 1997, he designed the costumes for the U2 "PopMart Tour". In 1999, he was awarded the honorary title of "Cultural Ambassador of Flanders". In 2001, he curated the'Fashion 2001 Landed-Geland' project in Antwerp. Next to five large exhibitions, a new magazine was launched: N°A magazine, published by Artimo, now called A MAGAZINE curated by.Walter van Beirendonck – 2011 knitwear exhibition at the ModeMuseum in Antwerp with (middle) a mid-1990s design by Walter Van Beirendonck. This dress was inspired by the colourful clothing of the Hui'an women of Quanzhou, China.
54. Vincent van Gogh – Vincent Willem van Gogh was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter, among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art. In just over a decade he created about 2,100 artworks, including around most in the last two years of his life. His suicide at 37 followed years of mental illness and poverty. Born into an upper-middle-class family, Van Gogh was serious, thoughtful. As a young man he worked as an art dealer, often travelling, but became depressed after he was transferred to London. He turned to religion, spent time as a Protestant missionary in southern Belgium. He drifted in ill health and solitude before taking up painting in 1881, having moved back home with his parents. His younger brother Theo supported him financially, the two kept up a long correspondence by letter. His early works, still depictions of peasant labourers, contain few signs of the vivid colour that distinguished his later work. In 1886 he moved to Paris, where he met members of the avant-garde, including Émile Bernard and Paul Gauguin, who were reacting against the Impressionist sensibility. As his work developed he created a new approach to still lifes and local landscapes. During this period he broadened his matter to include olive trees, cypresses, sunflowers. His friendship with Gauguin ended with a razor when in a rage, he severed part of his left ear. He spent time in psychiatric hospitals, including a period at Saint-Rémy. After he moved in Auvers-sur-Oise near Paris, he came under the care of the homeopathic doctor Paul Gachet.Vincent van Gogh – Self-Portrait, Spring 1887, Oil on pasteboard, 42 × 33.7 cm., Art Institute of Chicago (F 345)
55. Jaak van Wijck – Jacobus Johannes Wilhelmus van Wijck was a notable Dutch painter. Van Wijck painted landscapes during the first half of the twentieth century. He frequently painted locations on the Kalmthoutse Heide close Antwerp. Van Wijck also painted at Ginneken, a village close to Breda, where he painted De Mark along with other landmarks. As a student of the "Stedelijk Tekeninstituut", located in the Breda, he received several awards. Shortly after his studies in Breda, he showed his work at the famous "Salon Triennal des Beaux-Arts" in Brussels. He also displayed his art in Antwerp. Van Wijck is known as a landscape painter, outside painter, Flemish and Jugendstil. He was a member of the large Antwerp association "De Scalden", later on also of "WIJ" and "Eigen Vorming". He also experimented with postermaking. In The Netherlands: Ginneken, the river De Mark, Bouvigne castle, Ulvenhout and Woensel. He focused on the nature setting including woods, heathland landscapes, farms, moors, orchards, mills, riversights, birds, flowers and interieurs. Most of his work is privately owned by individuals living in Belgium, The Netherlands, the United States. Some of his works were sold in auction in Antwerp. His family has established, with collaboration of some experts, a catalogue of approx.Jaak van Wijck – Jaak van Wijck
56. Willy Vandersteen – Willy Vandersteen was a Belgian creator of comic books. Considered together with Marc Sleen the founding father of Flemish comics, he is mainly popular in Belgium, Germany. Vandersteen is best known for Suske en Wiske, which in 2008 sold million books. His major series are De Rode Ridder with over 200 albums and Bessy with almost 1,000 albums published in Germany. Willebrord Jan Frans Maria Vandersteen was born in 1913. His family lived in a poor quarter of the city, where his father Francis Vandersteen worked as a decorator and stone sculptor. His studio lay next to a printer that produced one of the first weekly youth magazines in Flanders. Willy Vandersteen, only four years old, read the new magazine there every week, including an early comic strip. His mother Anna Gerard was more interested in singing. Vandersteen was creatively active from his youth. He invented stories for his friends about knights and legends. He even convinced his young friends to buy him crayons so he could depict the local championship. At school well, he was more interested in telling stories and learning about art than anything else. His best memory of these schooldays is of a teacher who introduced him to the works of Pieter Brueghel. Outside school, he spent most of his time with comic magazines and adventure books about Nick Carter and Buffalo Bill.Willy Vandersteen – Willy Vandersteen
57. Piet Verhaert – Piet Verhaert was a Belgian painter. He was a member of Les XX. Verhaert was a etcher of townscapes, interiors, figures and portraits. He was also a notable painter of decorative panels. Trained at the Academy of Antwerp, he switched to painting. He was part of a group of young artists known as the "Van Beers Clique", led by Jan van Beers. This group included Alexander Struys and Jef Lambeaux. They were well known for their eccentric behaviour, which included walking around Antwerp dressed in historic costumes. He travelled to The Netherlands, later Spain. He debuted at the Triannual Salon van Antwerpen. He stayed in 1876. During his time in Spain, he made copies from Velazquez. He was a member of Les XX, a teacher at the Academy of Antwerp from 1886. He painted, predominantly, genre scenes of the 18th centuries. From the beginning of the 1880s he painted his own designs, working in plein-air style.Piet Verhaert – Forger at Work
58. Jan Verhas – Born as the younger brother of painter Frans Verhas. His wife was the aunt of Louise Ponselet-Saintenoy. He studied at the Academy in Antwerp, finishing with the Belgian Prix de Rome in 1860. The Belgian government commissioned him to travel to Venice where he made the painting "Velleda la Bataille de Callao" in 1862. The next four years, he lived in Binche, where he married. He then moved to Brussels. He was made a Chevalier in the Legion of Honor in 1881. Jan Verhas died in 1896. P. & V. Berko, "Dictionary of Belgian painters born between 1750 & 1875", Knokke 1981, p. 745-747. "19th Century European Virtuoso Painters", Knokke 2011, p. 519, illustrations p. 292-293, 301, 303. Media related to Jan Verhas at Wikimedia CommonsJan Verhas – Jan Verhas (date unknown)
59. Charles Verlat – Michel Marie Charles Verlat was a Belgian painter from Antwerp. He was a pupil of Nicaise de Keyser, studied at the Antwerp Academy. In 1842 appeared his first important picture, Pippin the Short Killing a Lion. About 1849 he went to Paris, where he worked under Ary Scheffer. In 1885 he was appointed director of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts Antwerp. He published in 1879 a book on the Antwerp Academy. He died at Antwerp. 1881: Commander in the Order of Leopold. P. & V. Berko, "Dictionary of Belgian painters born between 1750 & 1875", Knokke 1981, p. 754-757. P. & V. Berko, "19th Century European Virtuoso Painters", Knokke 2011, p. 519, illustrations p. 334, 338. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, ed.. "Michel Marie Charles". Encyclopædia Britannica. 27. Cambridge University Press.Charles Verlat – Charles Verlat in 1895
60. Gustaf Wappers – Egide Charles Gustave, Baron Wappers was a Belgian painter. He signed his work with the Flemish form of his name, Gustaf Wappers. He studied in Paris. The Romantic movement with its new ideas about art and politics was astir in France. While political, this remarkable work revolutionized the direction of Flemish painters. Wappers was favoured with commissions. In 1832 the city of Antwerp appointed Professor of Painting. He was subsequently appointed painter to Leopold, King of the Belgians. At the death of Matthieu-Ignace Van Brée in 1839 he was elevated to director of the Antwerp Academy. His works are numerous. He finished the work in the same year that he received the title of baron from Belgian king Leopold I. After retiring as director of the Antwerp Academy, he settled in Paris where he died in 1873. Media related to Gustave_Wappers at Wikimedia CommonsGustaf Wappers – Gustave Wappers
61. Antoine Wiertz – Antoine Joseph Wiertz was a Belgian romantic painter and sculptor. Born from a relatively poor family, he entered the Antwerp art academy in 1820. Between May 1832, he stayed in Paris, where he studied the old masters at the Louvre. Upon his return, he established himself with his mother. It was exhibited in 1837 where it met with some success. It arrived too late and was refused. Badly lit, his entry elicited indifference on the part of the public, provoked sarcasm among the critics. This second humiliation led against Paris, as expressed in his virulent pamphlet Bruxelles capitale, Paris province. In 1844, Wiertz painted a second version of his Patrocles on an even bigger scale than the first. The Rome version is now in the Museum of Walloon Art in Liège, the 1844 in the Wiertz Museum in Brussels. After the Paris disaster, Wiertz veered more to the excessive. A fine example is the monumental La Chute des Anges rebelles, on an arched canvas of 11.53m by 7.93m. The death of his mother in 1844 was a terrible blow to the artist. He left Liège in 1845 to settle for good. During this period he painted a confrontation of Death, Deux jeunes filles -- La Belle Rosine, which remains perhaps his most famous work.Antoine Wiertz – Self portrait, 1860 
62. Willem Witsen – Willem Witsen was a Dutch painter and photographer associated with the Amsterdam Impressionism movement. He studied in Amsterdam and Antwerp. Witsen's work, influenced by James MacNeill Whistler, often portrayed calm urban landscapes well as agricultural scenes. He also created photographs of prominent figures of the Amsterdam art world. As a student at the Amsterdam Rijksacademie van Beeldende Kunsten, Willem Witsen was a member of the artists association Sint Lucas. He was the founder of the Nederlandse Etsclub. Witsen belonged to a group of young artists who proclaimed the principle of l'art pour l'art Art for art's sake. The group influenced Dutch political life during the 1890s. During visits to London, Witsen became acquainted with the paintings of James McNeill Whistler. Witsen worked in Laren, Rotterdam, Wijk bij Duurstede and Ede. After returning to Amsterdam, Witsen became a member of the artists circle Maatschappij Arti et Amicitiae. He was also a member of the artists association Sint Lucas, named after patron of the painters. Witsen's works are distinguishable from those of Impressionism. Their atmosphere is melancholy, depicting austere, dark scenes. The dark paintings did not sell well at his first solo exhibition, sponsored by the Amsterdam art dealer Van Wisselingh in 1895.Willem Witsen – Prins Hendrikkade te Amsterdam, 1891