Category:Royal Academy of Fine Arts (Antwerp) alumni
Pages in category "Royal Academy of Fine Arts (Antwerp) alumni"
The following 95 pages are in this category, out of 95 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 95 pages are in this category, out of 95 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Royal Academy of Fine Arts (Antwerp) – The Royal Academy of Fine Arts Antwerp is an art academy located in Antwerp, Belgium. It is one of the oldest of its kind in Europe and it was founded in 1663 by David Teniers the Younger, painter to the Archduke Leopold Wilhelm and Don Juan of Austria. It houses the world-renowned Antwerp Fashion Academy, the Royal Academy developed into an internationally acclaimed institute for Fine Arts, Architecture and Design. From the nineteenth century on, the academy attracted young artists from abroad, irish, German, Dutch, Polish artists looking for a solid classical training found their way to Antwerp. Under the direction of Gustave Wappers and his registrar Hendrik Conscience, the academys significant art collection was exhibited in its own gallery space. By 1890, this gallery would develop into the Royal Museum of Fine Arts, in 1880, a promising young artist Henry Van de Velde enrolled at the Antwerp Academy. He would become one of the pioneering 20th century architects and designers, in 1885 and 1886, Vincent van Gogh was also to spend a short time at the Antwerp academy, prior to his departure to France. In 1885, King Leopold II commissioned the establishment of the National Higher Institute for Fine Arts Antwerp as a unique post graduate program, in 1946, the Architecture program became an independent institute, The National Higher Institute of Architecture. Another key moment in the history of the academy would be 1963, a unique new course ‘Fashion Design’ started. This course was successful from the beginning, but became world leading in the early eighties. “The Antwerp Six” with Dirk Bikkembergs, Walter Van Beirendonck, Marina Yee, Dries Van Noten, Dirk Van Saene, stylistically extremely diverse, these young friends had a huge impact on the contemporary fashion scene. The fashion program attracted more and more talents from all over the globe, with over 130 students its by far the largest program in the visual arts and design department. In 1995, the Flemish higher educational system faced a radical metamorphosis, the Antwerp Academy and the Henry Van de Velde Institute were included as faculties in a bigger college structure, The University College of Antwerp. However, the Higher Institute of Fine Arts was kept independent, the Academy nowadays offers three distinctive programs, Visual Arts and Design, Conservation studies and a one-year dedicated teachers training. A body of 540 students work in the four buildings located in the heart of the city. As of September 2013, the programs are offered by the Artesis Plantijn Hogeschool Antwerpen, shortly after the founding of Antwerp Academy, three large paintings were executed for its meeting hall. Antwerp, Nurse of Painters, by Theodoor Boeyermans, promotes the citys recent artistic past, portraits of Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony van Dyck watch over students as they practise the arts. At the centre is the allegorical Antverpia pictorum nutrix, chronos accompanies other young students who present their artworkRoyal Academy of Fine Arts (Antwerp) – The Neoclassical entrance gate (1841-1843) designed by Pierre Bourla
2. Antwerp – Antwerp is a city in Belgium, the capital of Antwerp province in the region of Flanders. With a population of 510,610, it is the most populous city proper in Belgium and its metropolitan area houses around 1,200,000 people, which is second behind Brussels. Antwerp is on the River Scheldt, linked to the North Sea by the Westerschelde estuary, the Port of Antwerp is one of the biggest in the world, ranking second in Europe and within the top 20 globally. Antwerp has long been an important city in the Low Countries, the inhabitants of Antwerp are nicknamed Sinjoren, after the Spanish honorific señor or French seigneur, lord, referring to the Spanish noblemen who ruled the city in the 17th century. The city hosted the 1920 Summer Olympics, according to folklore, notably celebrated by a statue in front of the town hall, the city got its name from a legend about a giant called Antigoon who lived near the Scheldt river. He exacted a toll from passing boatmen, and for those who refused, he severed one of their hands, eventually the giant was killed by a young hero named Silvius Brabo, who cut off the giants own hand and flung it into the river. Hence the name Antwerpen, from Dutch hand werpen, akin to Old English hand and wearpan, a longstanding theory is that the name originated in the Gallo-Roman period and comes from the Latin antverpia. Antverpia would come from Ante Verpia, indicating land that forms by deposition in the curve of a river. Note that the river Scheldt, before a period between 600 and 750, followed a different track. This must have coincided roughly with the current ringway south of the city, however, many historians think it unlikely that there was a large settlement which would be named Antverpia, but more something like an outpost with a river crossing. However, John Lothrop Motley argues, and so do a lot of Dutch etymologists and historians, aan t werp is also possible. This warp is a hill or a river deposit, high enough to remain dry at high tide. Another word for werp is pol hence polders, historical Antwerp allegedly had its origins in a Gallo-Roman vicus. Excavations carried out in the oldest section near the Scheldt, 1952–1961, produced pottery shards, the earliest mention of Antwerp dates from the 4th century. In the 4th century, Antwerp was first named, having been settled by the Germanic Franks, the name was reputed to have been derived from anda and werpum. The Merovingian Antwerp was evangelized by Saint Amand in the 7th century, at the end of the 10th century, the Scheldt became the boundary of the Holy Roman Empire. Antwerp became a margraviate in 980, by the German emperor Otto I, in the 11th century Godfrey of Bouillon was for some years known as the marquis of Antwerp. In the 12th century, Norbert of Xanten established a community of his Premonstratensian canons at St. Michaels Abbey at CaloesAntwerp – Antwerp Antwerpen
3. Belgium – Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a sovereign state in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, and the North Sea. It is a small, densely populated country which covers an area of 30,528 square kilometres and has a population of about 11 million people. Additionally, there is a group of German-speakers who live in the East Cantons located around the High Fens area. Historically, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg were known as the Low Countries, the region was called Belgica in Latin, after the Roman province of Gallia Belgica. From the end of the Middle Ages until the 17th century, today, Belgium is a federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of governance. It is divided into three regions and three communities, that exist next to each other and its two largest regions are the Dutch-speaking region of Flanders in the north and the French-speaking southern region of Wallonia. The Brussels-Capital Region is a bilingual enclave within the Flemish Region. A German-speaking Community exists in eastern Wallonia, Belgiums linguistic diversity and related political conflicts are reflected in its political history and complex system of governance, made up of six different governments. Upon its independence, declared in 1830, Belgium participated in the Industrial Revolution and, during the course of the 20th century, possessed a number of colonies in Africa. This continuing antagonism has led to several far-reaching reforms, resulting in a transition from a unitary to a federal arrangement during the period from 1970 to 1993. Belgium is also a member of the Eurozone, NATO, OECD and WTO. Its capital, Brussels, hosts several of the EUs official seats as well as the headquarters of major international organizations such as NATO. Belgium is also a part of the Schengen Area, Belgium is a developed country, with an advanced high-income economy and is categorized as very high in the Human Development Index. A gradual immigration by Germanic Frankish tribes during the 5th century brought the area under the rule of the Merovingian kings, a gradual shift of power during the 8th century led the kingdom of the Franks to evolve into the Carolingian Empire. Many of these fiefdoms were united in the Burgundian Netherlands of the 14th and 15th centuries, the Eighty Years War divided the Low Countries into the northern United Provinces and the Southern Netherlands. The latter were ruled successively by the Spanish and the Austrian Habsburgs and this was the theatre of most Franco-Spanish and Franco-Austrian wars during the 17th and 18th centuries. The reunification of the Low Countries as the United Kingdom of the Netherlands occurred at the dissolution of the First French Empire in 1815, although the franchise was initially restricted, universal suffrage for men was introduced after the general strike of 1893 and for women in 1949. The main political parties of the 19th century were the Catholic Party, French was originally the single official language adopted by the nobility and the bourgeoisieBelgium – Charlemagne and Charles V
4. Henry Allan (painter) – Henry Allan was an Irish painter. He was born at Retreat House, Dundalk, County Louth, Ireland and he studied art in Belfast and Dublin, and continued his art education in Antwerp, alongside contemporary Richard Moynan. He won multiple prizes at the Antwerp Academy as well as the Taylor Prize at the Royal Dublin Society and he returned to Ireland in 1889 and lived for a year or two in Downpatrick, County Down, before moving to Dublin. He began exhibiting at the Royal Hibernian Academy in 1889 with a painting entitled Country Road near Antwerp and his work, The Little Matchseller, was awarded the Albert Prize at the RHA in 1893. He also painted local scenes around Dublin and County Down as well as portraits, studio pieces, allans work is extremely rare on the market today and it may be that most of his work has been destroyed. The National Gallery of Ireland holds one example, A Dutch Interior, which was included in ‘The Irish Impressionists’ exhibition in 1984Henry Allan (painter) – v
5. Lawrence Alma-Tadema – Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, OM, RA was a Dutch painter of special British denizenship. Born in Dronrijp, the Netherlands, and trained at the Royal Academy of Antwerp, Belgium, he settled in England in 1870, Lourens Alma Tadema was born on 8 January 1836 in the village of Dronrijp in the province of Friesland in the north of the Netherlands. The surname Tadema is an old Frisian patronymic, meaning son of Tade, while the names Lourens and he was the sixth child of Pieter Jiltes Tadema, the village notary, and the third child of Hinke Dirks Brouwer. His father had three sons from a previous marriage and his parents first child died young, and the second was Atje, Lourens sister, for whom he had great affection. The Tadema family moved in 1838 to the city of Leeuwarden. His father died when Lourens was four, leaving his mother with five children, Lourens, his sister and his mother had artistic leanings, and decided that drawing lessons should be incorporated into the childrens education. He received his first art training with a drawing master hired to teach his older half-brothers. It was intended that the boy would become a lawyer, diagnosed as consumptive and given only a short time to live, he was allowed to spend his remaining days at his leisure, drawing and painting. Left to his own devices he regained his health and decided to pursue a career as an artist, in 1852 he entered the Royal Academy of Antwerp in Belgium where he studied early Dutch and Flemish art, under Gustaf Wappers. During Alma-Tademas four years as a student at the Academy. Although de Taeye was not a painter, Alma-Tadema respected him and became his studio assistant. De Taeye introduced him to books that influenced his desire to portray Merovingian subjects early in his career and he was encouraged to depict historical accuracy in his paintings, a trait for which the artist became known. Under his guidance Alma-Tadema painted his first major work, The Education of the children of Clovis and this painting created a sensation among critics and artists when it was exhibited that year at the Artistic Congress in Antwerp. It is said to have laid the foundation of his fame, Alma-Tadema related that although Leys thought the completed painting better than he had expected, he was critical of the treatment of marble, which he compared to cheese. Alma-Tadema took this very seriously, and it led him to improve his technique and to become the worlds foremost painter of marble. Merovingian themes were the favourite subject up to the mid-1860s. It is perhaps in this series that we find the artist moved by the deepest feeling, however Merovingian subjects did not have a wide international appeal, so he switched to themes of life in ancient Egypt that were more popular. On these scenes of Frankish and Egyptian life Alma-Tadema spent great energy, in 1862 Alma-Tadema left Leyss studio and started his own career, establishing himself as a significant classical-subject European artistLawrence Alma-Tadema – Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema
6. Floris Arntzenius – Pieter Florentius Nicolaas Jacobus Arntzenius was a Dutch painter, water-colourist, illustrator and printmaker. He is considered a representative of the generation of the Hague School. Arntzenius was born in Surabaya on the island of Java where his father served in the Royal Dutch East Indies Army. In 1875, at the age of 11, he was sent to the Netherlands to Amsterdam to live with his aunt, in 1882 he became a student of Frederik Nachtweh, under Nachtwehs supervision he gained admission to the Rijksacademie van Beeldende Kunsten. After his studies in Amsterdam he spent another two years at the Koninklijke Academie voor Schone Kunsten in Antwerp, studying under Charles Verlat. Back in Amsterdam, Arntzenius became a member of the artists societies Arte et Amicitiae and St. Lucas, in 1892 his mother became widowed and moved to The Hague and Arntzenius also moved there to keep her company. Around the same time his fellow students Isaac Israëls and George Breitner left The Hague for Amsterdam to be a part of the capitals more vibrant artistic climate. At The Hague the established painters of the first generation of the Hague School dominated artistic life, Arntzenius became a member of the artists society Pulchri Studio in The Hague in 1892. From 1893 to 1895 he shared Bernard Blommers former studio with Cornelis Antonie van Waning and he also contributed illustrations to Elsevier Geïllustreerd Maandschrift from 1892 to 1894. In 1896 he was admitted to the Hollandsche Teeken Maatschappij, a society that promoted the medium of watercolours among its members. He got married in 1900, to Lide Doorman, a painter of floral still lives, who lived in the house opposite of Arntzenius mother, together they had four daughters. Arntzenius was an accomplished artist in several mediums, but especially his watercolours gained high praise, during his first years in The Hague, he painted landscapes in the typical Hague School style. Arntzenius later switched to mainly painting cityscapes and street scenes, just like Israëls, Arntzenius cityscapes were painted mainly in misty or rainy weather, he made use of these weather conditions to have his subjects be reflected on the wet asphalt. He also painted a lot in Scheveningen, which had changed from the fishing village it was in the time of Jozef Israëls and Hendrik Willem Mesdag. Though Arntzenius isnt considered to be a relevant artist nowadays, he was appreciated in his own day and he won prizes at the exhibitions of Munich, Venice, Pittsburgh and Brussels and his works sold well during his lifetime. His friends in The Hague included Willem Maris, Willem Bastiaan Tholen, Bernard Blommers, in 1910 he opened a studio and started taking in students. During this time he painted portraits in commission of wealthy patrons. This he continued to do until he died of tuberculosis in 1925, at the age of 60Floris Arntzenius – Self-portrait, undated, private collection
7. Alphonse Balat – Alphonse Hubert François Balat was a Belgian architect. He studied at the Academie of Namur and obtained his degree in architecture from the Academy of Antwerp in 1838, in 1839 he stayed in Paris for a year but returned after his fathers death. He was soon discovered by the Walloon nobility for which he built or renovated a number of Châteaus, stylistically these constructions often contained renaissance elements with a neoclassical stress. In his interior designs he also used elements from the Louis XV, in 1846 Balat settled in Brussels. His was introduced to the Belgian royal family after he was noticed for his design of a temporary festive decoration for the Salle de la Madeleine where the family had been present. In 1851 and 1856 he created several temporary festive decorations for the monarchy, in 1852 he was appointed as the architect of the Duke of Brabant, the later king Leopold II of Belgium. In 1856 he constructed the palace of the Marquess of Assche in the newly planned district called Quartier Léopold. It was noticed for its austere classical Neo-Renaissance facade inspired by Michelangelos Palazzo Farnese in Rome and his rather sober classical approach was rare at that time when excessively decorated facades and interiors were much preferred. During his career he built a number of private residences. Most of them were demolished during the 20th century, after Leopold II ascended the throne in 1865, Balat became his principal architect. Balat made a number of designs for the reception rooms of the Royal Palace of Belgium such as the Throne Room, The Grand Staircase. For this realisations he greatly followed the example of the French Royal residences, Balat realised the facade on the back of the palace and the facades of the courtyards. His design for the facade of the palace is deeply influenced by the work of the French architect Ange-Jacques Gabriel. It was not executed during Balats lifetime and later completed in a form by Henri Maquet. Balat died at Ixelles, aged 76, and was buried in the Laeken Cemetery and his most successful architectural project are the Royal Greenhouses of Laeken. It consists of a complex of several dome-shaped buildings in iron. The centerpiece is the domed Grand Jardin dhiver which is an interpretation of the Palm House of the Royal Botanic Gardens. Working with new materials like iron and glass, Balat was obliged to abandon his classical stance and this stimulated the imagination of the architectAlphonse Balat – Alphonse Hubert François Balat
8. Polydore Beaufaux – Polydore Beaufaux was a Belgian painter. He favored Biblical scenes, portraits and genre pieces, from 1844 to 1850, he studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. In 1857, he won the Prix de Rome for painting and he used his prize money to make a study trip from 1859 to 1863, visiting France and Italy, where he did a portrait of Pope Pius IX. The following year, he became a Professor at the Academy, léon Abry, Gerard Portielje and Edouard de Jans are among his best-known students. He exhibited regularly at the Paris Salon, in 1889, he made a trip to England, then left Antwerp to settle in Wavre. A year later, he became paralyzed in his hands and could no longer paint, allgemeines Künstlerlexikon, Vol.8, München-Leipzig,1994. Le peintre Polydore Beaufaux 1829—1905 Prix de Rome, —45 pp. Arcadja Auctions, Polydore Beaufaux Repro-Tableaux, Portrait of Leopold IPolydore Beaufaux – Oriental Girl with a Dove (date unknown)
9. Jan van Beers (artist) – Jean Marie Constantin Joseph Jan van Beers was a Belgian painter and illustrator, the son of the poet Jan van Beers. They are sometimes referred to as Jan van Beers the elder, in 1884, Jan Van Beers produced the pen-and-ink sketches for the edition de luxe of his fathers poetry. Van Beers studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Antwerp, soon afterwards, he became the leader of a group of young artists, the Van Beers clique. This group included the artists Piet Verhaert, Alexander Struys, and they were well known for their mischievous and eccentric behaviour, including walking around Antwerp dressed in historic costumes. Van Beers began his career as a painter, producing works relating to the Renaissance. These included Funeral of Charles the Good, which was so large and contained so many figures that van Beers said he only recouped the costs of production, despite selling it for 12,000 Francs. Van Beers said that he wanted to paint what he saw and what were the best and most interesting things that one saw in Paris but her women. He explained in an 1893 interview for the Westminster Budget that all my pictures are from models and it requires a good deal of diplomacy to get them to pose. One has to pet and coax them, and even then they leave you in the lurch. Vanity Fair showed him with a subject in their 1891 caricature titled The Modern Wiertz. Van Beers work was compared to that of his Belgian predecessor, particularly the more macabre. In his novel Tess of the dUrbervilles, Thomas Hardy mentions the staring and ghastly attitudes of a Wiertz Museum, in Paris, Van Beers began construction of a house, off the Avenue du Bois de Boulogne, where each room was to be of a different design. The project was controversial and people said that it was the work of a madman, in addition to Van Beers languid ladies, he painted a number of portraits of men, genre scenes and pictures in an orientalist style. Five hand-coloured chromolithographs of his paintings are used in the screens in The Flask public house in Hampstead, Van Beers was an active commercial illustrator and his work featured in posters and advertising. Van Beers work was not always well received and he was criticised for vulgarity. In 1879, Huysmans described Van Beers submission to that years Salon as demented colours, absurd and crazy notions, in 1881, van Beers exhibited two works at the Brussels Salon, both painted in his new hyperrealistic miniature style. One, a painting of the yacht Sirene, was suspected by the critics Max Sülzberger, Georges De Mons and Lucien Solvay of being a photo-peinture, the Review de l’Art Moderne defended van Beers, suggesting that the critics and other artists were jealous of his commercial success. Van Beers suggested that experts could scrape off the paint to determine the truth of the allegations, a semi-official investigation followed, and eventually van Beers started legal proceedingsJan van Beers (artist) – Van Beers in his studio, Paris, late 1880s
10. Albert Fitch Bellows – Albert Fitch Bellows, American landscape painter of the Hudson River School. Bellows was born at Milford, Massachusetts and he first studied architecture and, in 1849, became the partner of Boston architect John D. Towle as Towle & Bellows. However, Bellows quickly turned to painting, from 1850 to 1856 he taught at the New England School of Design in Boston. He resigned his post to travel and study abroad, and spent time in Paris and he exhibited his first work at the National Academy of Design in 1857, becoming a full member in 1861. Bellows settled in New York City in 1858 on his return to America and he spent most of his remaining career in New York, though he briefly moved to Boston. In 1859, he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member and he visited Europe again in 1867. In New York he kept a studio in the building as many of the notable Hudson River School artists of the time. His landscape work of the 1860s is fully in the late Hudson River School tradition and he eventually maintained two studios, one for oil paintings and one for watercolor. He was a member of the American Watercolor Society, and an member of the Royal Belgian Society of Water-Colorists. Bellows taught at the Cooper Union, where among his pupils was Virginia Granbery and he died in Auburndale, Massachusetts, on the 24th of November 1883. A major Albert Fitch Bellows landscape, The River Bank, is in the collection of the Columbia Museum of Art in Columbia and this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Chisholm, Hugh, ed. Bellows, Albert F. Encyclopædia BritannicaAlbert Fitch Bellows – Albert Fitch Bellows (American, 1829-1883). Life's Day or Three Times Across the River: Noon (The Wedding Party), 1861. Oil on canvas. Brooklyn Museum
11. Charles Van Beveren – Charles van Beveren, was a Belgian artist, who spent much of his life in Amsterdam. He was born at Mechlin in 1809, and studied art at the academy of his native city and he settled in Amsterdam in 1830, subsequently visiting Paris, Rome, and other cities of Italy, and distinguished himself as a painter of history, genre, and portraits. He died at Amsterdam in 1850, in 1850, Van Beveren was elected a correspondent, living in the Netherlands, of the Royal Institute of the Netherlands, predecessor of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. His best known of his works are, Louis Royer and his wife, the Confession of a Sick Girl. The Death of St. Anthony of PaduaCharles Van Beveren – Portrait of the sculptor Louis Royer, 1830
12. Ferdinand de Braekeleer the Elder – Ferdinand de Braekeleer, sometimes spelled as Ferdinand de Braeckeleer, was a Flemish painter. He is known for his paintings and is called the Elder to distinguish him from his son with the same name. Ferdinand was born in a poor family, after his parents died he was admitted to the Art school for orphans of Mathieu Ignace van Brée in Antwerp. He continued his education at the Royal Academy for Fine Arts of Antwerp and his paintings received several prizes in 1809 and 1811. In 1813 he made his reputation at the Salon de Paris with his work Aeneas die Anchises redt uit de brand van Troje. Early on, De Braekeleer decided that he wanted to make a living as a painter, in addition to historical paintings, he also painted religious paintings, such as St. Sebastiaan for the Church of Our Lady of the Vineyard in Wijnegem. At the Antwerp art exhibition of 1819 he exhibited four paintings and this prize provided him with a scholarship that allowed him to study in Italy to improve his skills. He spent 1821 and 1822 in Italy, together with his tutor Van Brée he visited several Italian cities, including Naples, Ancona, Firenze, Bologna and Venice. After his return to Belgium, De Braekeleer lived in his home town Antwerp and he created works inspired by the old Flemish masters. He primarily focused on historical paintings, one of these is the painting De Citadel van Antwerpen na het bombardement van 1832. Partially because of his paintings about the 1832 bombardments by the Dutch and his two sons, Ferdinand the Younger and Henri de Braekeleer followed in their fathers footsteps and also became painters. His nephew Adriaan Ferdinand de Braekeleer, was also a painter, on display in Schlossmuseum Weimar Oude jager met jong meisje,1867, private collection P. & V. Berko, Dictionary of Belgian painters born between 1750 &1875, Knokke 1981, p. 152-155. P. & V. Berko, 19th Century European Virtuoso Painters, Knokke 2011, p.498, illustrations p.442Ferdinand de Braekeleer the Elder – Self-portrait Ferdinand De Braekeleer, 1854
13. Renaat Braem – Renaat Braem was a leading Belgian architect and urban planner in the latter half of the twentieth century. Renaat Braem was born in Antwerp in 1910 and he graduated as an architect from the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Antwerp in 1935, with a constructivism-inspired design for a linear city between Antwerp and Liège. He received the biannual Prix Godecharle the same year, Braem used the money of the award to study abroad, working at the studio of Le Corbusier in 1936 and 1937. He became a member of the Congrès International dArchitecture Moderne in 1937, the Administratif Center was only partly realised ten years later, and the one tower that was actually built in the end became the Police Tower, the headquarters of the Antwerp police force. The social housing project though became a landmark in the history of housing in Belgium. Over the next two decades, Braem created many projects, ranging from buildings to large scale housing complexes in Leuven, Brussels, Deurne. His work was faithful to the Athens Charter of the CIAM until the late 1960s and he was one of the oginators of the Bouwcentrum in Antwerp, which tried to promote the industrialisation of the work of building through education and prototyping. In 1968, he wrote Het lelijkste land ter wereld, an essay against the spatial planning of Belgium with an ecological warning as well. Renaat Braem published his memoirs Het schoonste land ter wereld in 1987 and he moved to a nursing home in 1997. His private home, built in 1955, and all its contents was legated to the Flemish Community in 1999 and he died in 2001 in Essen. His house was transformed into a museum, the second of its kind in Belgium after the Horta Museum in Brussels, an exhibition on the life and work of Renaat Braem takes place in 2010, to celebrate his centenary - www. braem2010. be. House P. Renaat Braem, architect, Archief voor Moderne Architectuur, Renaat Braem 1910-2001, ASP editions,2010. Renaat Braem, Francis Strauven, Het lelijkste land ter wereld, ASP editions,2010Renaat Braem – The rectorate of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel
14. Frank Bramley – Frank Bramley RA was an English post-impressionist genre painter of the Newlyn School. Bramley was born in Sibsey, near Boston, in Lincolnshire to Charles Bramley from Fiskerton also in Lincolnshire, from 1873 to 1878 Bramley studied at the Lincoln School of Art. He then studied from 1879 to 1882 at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts and he lived in Venice from 1882 to 1884 and then moved to Newlyn, Cornwall. Bramley married fellow artist Katherine Graham, daughter of John Graham from Huntingstile, Grasmere, Westmoreland, the couple lived at Orchard Cottage, which at the time was called Belle Vue Cottage, from 1893 to 1897. In 1895 they moved to Droitwich in the West Midlands and they lived at Bellue Vue House in 1889 and by 1900 had settled at Grasmere in the Lake District. Bramley died in Chalford Hill, Gloucestershire in August 1915, having returned to England from Venice in or after 1884, Bramley established himself in the Newlyn School artist colony on Rue des Beaux Arts in Newlyn. Along with Walter Langley and Stanhope Forbes, he was considered to be one of the figures of the Newlyn School. In contrast to members of the Newlyn school, Bramley specialised in interiors and worked on combining natural and artificial light in his paintings. In the early 1890s, his palette became brighter and his handling of the paint looser and more impastoed, while his subject matter narrowed to portraits, an example of Bramleys use of the square brush technique is his painting Domino. His A Hopeless Dawn is held by the Tate Gallery, London after having been purchased for the nation by the Chantrey Bequest and is one of Bramleys most favored works. Bramley was one of the founders of the New English Art Club, in 1894 Bramley became an Associate of the Royal Academy and in 1911 he became a Royal Academician. He was also a medal winner at the Paris Salon. 1884 -1912, Royal Academy 1890, Domino, Dowdeswell Exhibition Selected paintings include, Caroline Fox, Francis Greenacre, Frank Bramley online Frank Bramley - short biographyFrank Bramley – Self portrait (1897)
15. James Wells Champney – James Wells Champney was an American genre and portrait painter. He was born in Boston and first studied wood engraving there, then went to Europe and studied at the Antwerp Academy and under Edouard Frère in Paris. His paintings include landscape and genre subjects, but he is best known for his excellent pastel portraits, among which are those of William Winter, Henry M. Stanley, and Mary Mannering as Daphne. His etchings and illustrations were very popular and were used to illustrate books by his wife. He was the husband of Elizabeth Williams Champney, in 1882, he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member. He was also a member of the Salmagundi Club and this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Gilman, D. C. Thurston, H. T. Colby, F. M. edsJames Wells Champney – 1875 Mississippi Capitol
16. Emile Claus – Emile Claus was a Belgian painter. Emile Claus was born on 27 September 1849, in Sint-Eloois-Vijve, Emile was the twelfth child in a family of thirteen. Father Alexander was a grocer-publican and for some time town councillor, mother Celestine Verbauwhede came from a Brabant skipper’s family and had her hands full with her offspring. As a child, Emile already loved drawing and on Sunday went three kilometres on foot to the Academy of Waregem to learn how to draw and he graduated from the Academy with a gold medal. Although father Claus allowed him to drawing classes, he did not fancy an artists career for his son. Instead, he sent Emile as an apprentice to Lille. Emile learned French there but the job of a baker clearly did not appeal to him and he also worked for some time with the Belgian Railways and as a representative in the flax trade. The urge to paint did not let go of Emile and he wrote a letter for help to the composer and musician Peter Benoit. Only with some effort, Peter Benoit managed to convince father Claus to allow his son to train at the Antwerp Academy of Fine Arts, Claus did have to pay for his studies himself though. After graduating, he stayed to live in Antwerp, in 1883 Claus moved to cottage Zonneschijn in Astene, near Deinze, where he stayed until his death. From his living room, he enjoyed a view across the river Lys. The space and light of the house clearly inspired him. He travelled around the world to attend exhibitions of his work, an important person in the life of Emile Claus was the painter Jenny Montigny. She followed master classes at his workshop in Astene and for years travelled back, although Claus was 26 years older than she was, they began a relationship that would last until Claus death. The First World War interrupted Claus’ international success and he fled to London where he found a house and workshop at the banks of the river Thames. From 1869 to 1874, Claus trained at the Antwerp Academy of Fine Arts with, amongst others, during his training, Claus attracted the attention of and found favour with the local upper middle class. In 1882 Claus had completed Cock Fight in Flanders, The realistic painting portrays the dignitaries of Waregem, one of the dignitaries was the Waregem notary Eduard Dufaux. At the notarys home, Emile got to know Eduard’s niece Charlotte Dufaux, artistically and financially, Claus soon prosperedEmile Claus – Emile Claus (1917)
17. Pierre Cuypers – Petrus Josephus Hubertus Cuypers was a Dutch architect. His name is most frequently associated with the Amsterdam Central Station, more representative for his oeuvre, however, are numerous churches, of which he designed more than 100. Moreover, he restored a number of monuments. Cuypers was born in Roermond, the son of a church painter, after he studied at the urban college in Roermond, he moved to Antwerp in 1844 to study architecture at the Royal art academy. He was taught by Frans Andries Durlet, Frans Stoop and Ferdinand Berckmans, Cuypers was a good student, in 1849, he gained the Prix dExcellence of the academy. From 1875 he led the restoration of the front of the Mainz Cathedral. In doing so, he created as a pole to the western tower group the high, gothic likely eastern tower helmet, replacing a bell floor. After a tour in the German Rheinland, he returned to Roermond, in 1852, he opened a workshop where ecclesiastical art was manufactured. Cuypers ecclesiastical work was strongly influenced by 13th century French architecture and by the writings of his friends Eugene Viollet-le-Duc. Cuypers built a number of churches all across the Netherlands. Highlights from these first period are the Lamberts Church in Veghel, from 1870 onwards Cuypers style became more influenced by the native Gothic styles of the Netherlands as well as Gothic styles from other countries like Norway and Italy. He also experimented with centralizing ground-plans and other non-conventional layouts, in this second part of his career he built some of his best work. After 1883 he was assisted by his son Joseph Cuypers in much of his work, Cuypers led a large number of restorations. An early example of this is the restoration of the Munster Church in Roermond. Pierre Cuypers was the uncle of Eduard Cuypers who trained in his practice as a young man, other relatives who became architect are his grandsons Pierre Cuypers jr. and Theo Taen. Cuypers was a practising Roman Catholic and a member of the Lay Dominicans, as such, he was buried in the Dominican habit. He died in his town of Roermond, aged 93. A. J. C. van Leeuwen, Pierre Cuypers architect, het complete werk, Rotterdam, Nederlands Architectuurinstituut,2007Pierre Cuypers – Pierre Cuypers
18. Bob de Moor – Bob de Moor is the pen name of Robert Frans Marie De Moor, a Belgian comics creator. Chiefly noted as an artist, he is considered a master of the Ligne claire style. He wrote and drew several comics series on his own, and he completed the unfinished story Professor Satós Three Formulae, Volume 2, Mortimer vs. Mortimer of the Blake and Mortimer series, after the death of the author Edgar P. Jacobs. Bob de Moor started drawing with pencil at three or four, living in a port town, he developed a strong interest for drawing sailing ships which carried into his professional career with his Cori, de Scheepsjongen series and other work. Following studies at the Antwerp Academy of Fine Arts, De Moor started his career at the Afim animations studios and his first album was written in 1944 for De Kleine Zondagsvriend. His co-worker Jacques Martin is quoted as saying that de Moor had a facility to adapt himself to the style of others. This manifested in an integration with Hergés style, as well as in him being asked on occasion to complete the work of other artists. De Moor illustrated the cover of A World of Machines by the Belgian band The Machines. 1949 Le Vaisseau Miracle 1949 Guerre dans le Cosmos, Ed, coune 1950 Le Lion de Flandre, Ed. Deligne 1950 LEnigmatic Monsieur Barelli, Ed. du Lombard 1950 Monsieur Tric, bédéscope 1951 Les Gars des Flandres, Ed. Bédéscope 1951 Conrad le Hardi, Ed, bédéscope 1952 Barelli à Nusa-Penida 1959 Les Pirates deau douce 1964 Balthazar 1966 Barelli et les agents secrets, Ed. du Lombard 1971 Le Repaire du loup, Ed. Casterman 1972 Barelli et le Bouddha boudant, Ed. du Lombard 1973 Bonne Mine à la mer, Ed. du Lombard 1974 Barelli et le seigneur de Gonobutz 1978 Cori le Moussaillon, Les Espions de la Reine, casterman Bob de Moor biography on Lambiek ComiclopediaBob de Moor – Bob de Moor
19. Jacobus Josephus Eeckhout – Jacobus Josephus Eeckhout was a Flemish painter. Eeckhout was born at Antwerp, and studied first at the Academy of that city and he painted historical and genre subjects, and portraits, and in 1829 he was elected a member of the Academies of Amsterdam, Antwerp, Brussels, and Rotterdam. He settled at the Hague in 1831, and in 1839 became director of the Academy in that city and he imitated Rembrandt with some skill, and may be considered one of the most distinguished painters of the modern Dutch school. His compositions are expressive and lively, and the colouring vigorous, Eeckhout died in Paris in 1861. His best works are, The Death of William the Silent, the Departure of the Kecruits of Scheveningen. Collection de Portraits dArtistes modernes, nés dans le royaume des Pays-BasJacobus Josephus Eeckhout – Household troubles, 1844, now in the Teyler's Museum
20. Jan Frans Eliaerts – Jan Frans Eliaerts was a Flemish painter of animals, flowers, and fruit who migrated to France where he was active most of his life. Eliaerts was born in Deurne near Antwerp and he studied at the Academy of Antwerp. Here he became acquainted with Georges Frédéric Ziesel and Pieter Faes who specialised in flower pieces like him and he moved to Paris where he was a teacher at the Institut du Légion dHonneur in the Paris suburb of Saint-Denis. He regularly took part in the Paris salons and won various awards and he also created cartons for tapestries of the Gobelin factory. At the end of his life he decided to return to Antwerp where he died, together with Georges Frédéric Ziesel and Pieter Faes he was the principal heir of this tradition in Belgium. Eliaerts also painted genre pieces, which were set in a scene with flowers. The majority of his works are located in France, the Royal Museum of Fine Arts in Antwerp has a flower piece by himJan Frans Eliaerts – Bouquet of Flowers in a Sculpted Vase, now in the Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp
21. Jan Fabre – Jan Fabre is a Belgian multidisciplinary artist, playwright, stage director, choreographer and designer. Fabre studied at the Municipal Institute of Decorative Arts and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Antwerp, between 1976 en 1980 he wrote his first scripts for the theatre and did his first solo performances. During his money-performances, he burned money and wrote the word MONEY with the ashes, in 1978 he made drawings with his own blood during the solo performance My body, my blood, my landscape. In 1980, in The Bic-Art Room, he had locked up for three days and three nights in a white cube full of objects, drawing with blue Bic ballpoint pens as an alternative to Big art. Fabre also established in 1986 the Troubleyn/Jan Fabre theatre company with international operations, its home base is Antwerp. Der Palast um vier Uhr morgens, die Reinkarnation Gottes Das Glas im Kopf wird vom Glas The Sound of one hand clapping Sweet Temptations She was and she is, even Wie spreekt mijn gedachte. In 1990 he covered an entire building with ballpoint drawings, Fabre also explores relationships between drawing and sculpture and has made sculptures in bronze and with beetles. His decoration of the ceiling of the Royal Palace in Brussels, in 2004 he erected Totem, a giant bug stuck on a 70-foot steel needle, on the Ladeuzeplein in Leuven. In 2008, Fabres The Angel of Metamorphosis exhibition was held at the Louvre Museum, in September 2016 Fabre made an attempt to not break cyclist Eddy Merckxs 1972 hour record at the Tête dOr Velodrome in Lyon. Fabre completed a total of 23 km in an hour, compared to Merckxs record of over 49 km, Fabre described the attempt as how to remain a dwarf in the land of giants. Animal welfare executive chairman Luc Bungeneers said he was having a meeting with his party chairman when he heard howling cats, to my horror, we found cats were being assaulted in the name of art, Bungeneers said. It went on for several hours, the filming was eventually aborted after protests from the crews own technicians. Later that day, Fabre claimed all cats were still in good health, Fabre also received 20,000 emails slamming his act. He had also attacked seven times by men carrying clubs whilst out jogging in the park. Antwerps deputy mayor for animal well-being and the animal rights organisation Global Action in the Interest of Animals also launched complaints about Fabres controversial act. Then in February 2016, Jan Fabre was appointed by the Greek Ministry of Culture as the Creative Director of the annual Athens – Epidaurus Festival. In October 2016, the Russian State Hermitage museum staged a Fabre exhibition which drew a lot of criticism from visitors, stuffed animals in strange poses sparked outcry among Russian social media network users who launched a campaign under the hashtag #позорэрмитажу, or Shame on you, Hermitage. The number of posts in Instagram tagged this way amounted to nearly 10,000 by late November, the museum then organized an event to meet the public and explain the exhibition after refusing to stop the exhibition which is slated to last up to April 2017Jan Fabre – Jan Fabre (center) in 2008
22. Eduard Frankfort – Eduard Salomon Frankfort was a Dutch Jewish painter during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Frankfort was born to Salomon Simon Frankfort and Dine Bendien-Frankfort and he was the youngest of eight children. His father was a devoutly religious merchant, and Eduards upbringing reflected his fathers religious beliefs. When he was years old, his family moved to Amsterdam. Eduard, however, showed an early interest in painting, from ages eleven to seventeen, he underwent formal training at Atelier Bing to become a visual artist. In 1887, he studied under master painter August Allebé at the Rijksakademie van Beeldende Kunsten in Amsterdam, afterwards, he studied painting for several months at the Koninklijke Academie voor Schone Kunsten Antwerpen in Antwerp, Belgium. Eduard Frankfort remained in Amsterdam until 1905, many of his paintings featured Jewish religious themes. Like other contemporary artists, Frankfort was drawn to Laren, in 1903, he was awarded a gold medal by the Royal Art Society Arti et Amicitiae. He was highly regarded at that time and was asked to teach at several schools, in 1905, he followed his sister to South Africa, where he toured and painted portraits. One such portrait he did during this time was of Esther de Boer-van Rijk, after his tour of South Africa, Eduard Frankfort returned to Amsterdam, where he married Klara Kloots in 1911. The couple lived on Beethovenstraat in Amsterdam and had four children, Eduard Frankfort was a member of several professional societies, including Arti et Amiticiae and Pulchri Studio. Eduard Frankfort continued to paint and lead a career until his death on 19 August 1920. A magazine called De Vrijdagavond published an obituary that said he was still young and his familys copies of his work are now on display at the Joods Historisch Museum in Amsterdam. Other works by Eduard Frankfort continue to be sought by collectors, Joods Historisch Museum | Frankfort, Eduard EDUARD SALOMON FRANKFORT Jewish Historical Museum | Resource centre acquisitions 2005Eduard Frankfort – Self-portrait with Pipe (c.1900)
23. George Albert Frost – George Albert Frost was an American artist of the 19th century. He was born in Boston, Massachusetts and had a studio in North Cambridge and he studied under Nicolas de Keyser at the Academy Royale de Belgique in Antwerp. His paintings were landscapes, and he is considered a member of the White Mountain art group of painters. Frost was born in Boston in 1843 and he left school at age eleven to work on a farm where he had no opportunity to follow his artistic inclinations. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he enlisted and served for more than two years, in 1865 he joined Colonel Franklin L. Popes division of the Western Union surveying party to British Columbia for which he produced sketches. In 1866 he was assigned to Siberia with the purpose of selecting a route to connect a line from San Francisco to Moscow. In 1883 he produced his earliest known White Mountain work, in 1885 he accompanied George Kennan on a second trip to Siberia to record the life of Russian exiles, during which time Frost painted several Siberian scenes. Selections from the George Kennan Collection in Meeting of Frontiers consists of 256 photographs taken in a range of locations in Siberia. Frosts drawings, some of which were copied from photographs taken during the trip, were used to illustrate Kennans book, Siberia, for a good many years, Frost had a summer home in Brownfield, Maine, near the Conway area of New Hampshire. He painted many scenes along the Saco River and he was a member of the Boston Art Club and exhibited there during the years 1896 to 1908. His last known address was Cambridge, Massachusetts and his works are at the California State Library and the California Historical Society. Signed and dated lower right, G. A. Frost, oil on canvas,28 x 48 inches. Private collection The vista into Franconia Notch from the south known as the Artists View. Boston artist George Albert Frost expands our understanding of the White Mountains with an interpretation of Franconia Notch. Franconia Notchs appeal as a subject may reflect life in the area was still slow-paced. Its virgin landscape was as yet hardly altered by railroads, hotels, Frost was married in 1882 to Adelia Dunham. They had two sons, Paul Rubens Frost, a landscape gardener, and Norman Wentworth Frost. Concord, New Hampshire, Consuming Views, Art and Tourism in the White Mountains, 1850–1900, September 16,2006 through October 8,2007, #16 Brumfield, canaan, New Hampshire, Phoenix Publishing,1985George Albert Frost – George Albert Frost (1843–1907) Franconia Notch (left); Franconia Notch in 2004 (right)
24. Guillaume Geefs – Guillaume Geefs, also Willem Geefs, was a Belgian sculptor. Although known primarily for his works and public portraits of statesmen and nationalist figures, he also explored mythological subject matter. Geefs was born at Antwerp, the eldest of six brothers in a family of sculptors, Guillaume first studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts Antwerp under the late–Flemish Baroque sculptor Jan Frans van Geel and his son, Jan Lodewijk van Geel, who was also a sculptor. He completed his training under Jean-Etienne Ramey at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, in 1829, Geefs traveled to Italy. When he returned to Antwerp, he began teaching at the art academy, during the 1830s, he executed the colossal work Victims of the Revolution at Brussels, as well as numerous statues and busts. In 1836, he married Isabelle Marie Françoise Corr, a Brussels-born painter of Irish descent known professionally as Fanny Geefs, in the mid-19th century, the sculptor Guillaume-Joseph Charlier was an assistant to him and his brother Joseph. Geefs early work has characterized as predominately elegiac in mood. By the end of the 1830s, however, he developed a powerful, spare realism in monumental works such as General Belliard and Frédéric de Mérode and he was prolific in producing tombs, pulpits, statues, busts, and sculpture groups. The works of Guillaume Geefs include, Frédéric de Mérode, tomb monument, noted for its naturalness, le lion amoreux or The Amorous Lion, marble, Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, see online, small bronze version online. In his lifetime, Geefs work was considered by some to be marred by frivolous and inessential details and poverty of thought and he is now regarded as the dominant Belgian sculptor of his time. Le génie du mal Two statues by Guillaume Geefs Bio on Philatelia. netGuillaume Geefs – illustration by Médard Tytgat
25. Albert Lorey Groll – Albert Lorey Groll was an American artist. He was born in New York and studied at the Royal Academy in Munich, Germany, the Royal Academy in Antwerp, Belgium, in 1910, he was elected into the National Academy of Design, an elite organization. He kept a studio in New York, in 1906 Groll made the first of several trips to the American Southwest at the suggestion of Professor Stewart Culin of the Brooklyn Museum. He mostly focused on oil paintings of the Native American lands and he won several awards for his work in both Arizona and New York. Fully digitized 1911 exhibition catalog featuring Groll from The Metropolitan Museum of Art Libraries, biographical Notes, a catalog of American artists containing additional information on GrollAlbert Lorey Groll – Albert Groll in 1906
26. John McLure Hamilton – John McLure Hamilton was an Anglo-American artist. He was born in Philadelphia and began his art education at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, later he travelled to Europe and continued his education at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris and at the Royal Academy in Belgium. Hamilton was noted for portraits, figure paintings and illustrations, in addition to Gladstone, Hamilton painted portraits of many English notables including Cardinal Manning, George Meredith and Richard Vaux. He was the author of a book, Men I Have Painted, in the book he writes of himself thus, As I grow older the advantage of having been born an American of British and French blood becomes daily more ideal. I now know that I have escaped the influences and the national prejudices of all three countries, and have retained only their qualities — mainly good. In a review of the book, which reveals insights into some famous personalities of the time and his chats about his sitters are delightfully without pretense. If his portrait turns out a bad one, he mentions it, Hamilton was a member of the American Federation of Arts, the Philadelphia Water Color Club, the Pastel Society, the Royal Society of Portrait Painters and the Senefelder Club, London. Richard J. Alperin, Arts Anglo-American Paper Lion, John McLure Hamiltons Untold Story, published by Junius, ISBN 0-9603932-6-9John McLure Hamilton – Portrait of John McLure Hamilton by Thomas Eakins, 1895.
27. Charles Napier Hemy – Charles Napier Hemy RA was a British painter best known for his marine paintings and his paintings in the Tate collections. He was born to a family in Newcastle-on-Tyne and his two brothers, Thomas and Bernard, were also painters. He trained in the Government School of Design, Newcastle, followed by the Antwerp Academy and he returned to London in the 1870s and in 1881 moved to the coastal town of Falmouth in Cornwall. He produced painted figure and landscapes, but is best known works are Pilchards, john Singer Sargent painted a portrait of Hemy on a visit to Hemys Falmouth home, Churchfield, in 1905. The visit highlighted the importance of the circle of artists that surrounded the great marine artist in the town and he died in Falmouth on 30 September 1917. His younger brothers Bernard Benedict Hemy and Thomas Madawaska Hemy were also painters and this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Chisholm, Hugh, ed. Hemy, Charles Napier. Tate Collection Three Hemy pictures illustrated, with notes, exhibition at Falmouth Art Galley Hemy and friends 24 November 2012 to 2 February 2013. The Falmouth Art Gallery website illustrates nine of Hemys works, the BBC Your Pictures website displays 69 of Hemys pictures. Bob Speels website has additional information, Cornwall Artists Index was more biographical information Works by or about Charles Napier Hemy at Internet ArchiveCharles Napier Hemy – "Waiting", an 1895 painting by Charles Napier Hemy
28. Adriaan Jozef Heymans – Adriaan Jozef Heymans was a Belgian impressionist landscape painter. His father was a trader in window-glass, who died when Heymans was only seven, afterward, he was partly raised by his uncle, the mayor of Wechelderzande, a small village near Antwerp, where he first learned to appreciate nature. During a stay in Paris from 1855 to 1858, he was influenced by the Barbizon School. By the time of the Brussels Salon in 1860, he was turning toward impressionism and he soon returned to Wechelderzande and began painting plein air, both there and in the vicinity of Kalmthout. Many other painters came to the Kempen area seeking inspiration, often living in tent camps and he is also considered to be a member of the Dendermondse School and the Genkse School, because he was active in those areas. In 1869, he married and settled in Brussels, where he was a c0-founder of the Société Libre des Beaux-Arts, in 1881, he became an officer in the Order of Leopold and was named a Knight in the French Legion of Honor. Sometime in the 1890s, he returned to Kalmthout and his style evolved into a form of realism with occasional touches of pointillism to accentuate the colors. By 1913, his health had deteriorated so much that he was forced to give up painting, henry van de Velde, Adrien-Joseph Heymans, Etude, Revue Générale, September 1889 Emmanuel Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs, Paris,1976. ISBN 2-700-00156-7 P. & V. Berko, Dictionnaire des peintres belges nés entre 1750 et 1875, le dictionnaire des peintres belges du XIVième siècle à nos jours, Brussel,1994. Marko vom Felde, Adriaan-Josef Heymans,1839 -1921, Leben und Werk,1994 Paul Piron, gilberte Geysen and Marko vom Felde, A. J. Biographical sketch and other material, archived on the Wayback MachineAdriaan Jozef Heymans – Moonlit Sky (1907)
29. Hugo Heyrman – Hugo Heyrman known by his artist name Dr. Hugo Heyrman, is a leading Belgian painter, filmmaker, internet pioneer, synesthesia and new media researcher. Dr. Hugo Heyrman was born in Zwijndrecht, he lives, originally, Heyrman opted for a musical education, but transferred to the visual arts. He graduated from the Royal Academy and became a laureate of the National Higher Institute for Fine Arts in Antwerp, in addition, he studied nuclear physics during one year at the State Higher Institute for Nuclear Energy in Mol. From his earliest work, Heyrman developed a vision on the nature of perception. Most of my work has to do with contemporary fragility, the works are ways of seeing, forms of visual thinking, they make the virtual and mental space of an image real, he declares in his website. His art practice includes painting, drawing, sculpture, photography, video, film, in his website Museums of the Mind he continues to publish his research, theory and experiments on the telematic future of art, the senses and synaesthesia. During the sixties, Heyrman profiled himself as an avant-garde artist with happenings, film-, online since 1995, Heyrman became one of the pioneers in Net. art. He also participated in 1988 at the First International Symposium on Electronic Art in Utrecht, in 1995, Heyrman coined the terms tele-synaesthesia and post-ego. Since 1993 he is a member of the Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Science. As of 2006 he was a professor at the Royal Academy for Fine Arts, continental Video & Film Tour with his Mobile Museum of Modern Media through Belgium, Germany, France and the Netherlands. Elected laureate of the Jeune Peinture Belge at the Palais des Beaux-arts, various Internet art projects, including the online exhibitions, Digital Studies, Being In Cyberspace ALT-X-site New York and Revelation ISEA2000, Paris. His works have been presented in international exhibitions ranging from Antwerp, Brussels, Basel, Amsterdam, Paris, BarcelonaHugo Heyrman – Dr. Hugo Heyrman playing at the Florian, Venice 1997
30. Nicaise de Keyser – Nicaise de Keyser was a Belgian painter of mainly history paintings and portraits who was one of the key figures in the Belgian Romantic-historical school of painting. He received his painting tuition at the Antwerp Academy of Fine Arts under Jozef Jacobs, after 1835 he made many travels including to England and Scotland, Paris and Italy. He married the genre painter Isabella Telghuys on 6 October 1840, in 1846, he was elected to the National Academy of Design as an Honorary Academician. When in 1855 the leading Belgian Romantic painter Gustave Wappers resigned as director of the Antwerp Academy, De Keyser regularly travelled to Germany and in 1873 he was awarded the famous Prussian order Pour le Mérite. Despite his great success and fame throughout his lifetime, his work, De Keyser was an extremely prolific painter and is said to have produced more than 350 paintings. Having debuted with religious pictures, his attention was drawn to his countrys history. His breakthrough as a painter came with the canvas Battle of the Golden Spurs and it depicts a scene from an important historical battle between France and Flanders of 1302. Seeing the painting is said to have inspired the Belgian writer Hendrik Conscience to write his book De Leeuw van Vlaanderen about the Flemish battle for independence from the French, the success of de Keysers work was followed by his less impressive work, the Battle of Worringen of 1288. Starting in 1862, de Keyser painted a series of historical paintings that celebrated the Flemish school of art. The paintings were intended for the former Antwerp museum and academy building, when the new Royal Museum of Fine Arts in Antwerp was completed in the late nineteenth century, the paintings were transferred to the staircase of the museum. De Keyser belonged to the first wave of Belgian Romantic painters who had studied or spent time in Paris where they had come into contact with the new Romantic movement. Others in this group included Gustave Wappers, Louis Gallait, Ernest Slingeneyer, Edouard de Bièfve and they chose as the subject matter of their work important historical events in Belgium’s history which were regarded as key to the country’s national identity. De Keyser also painted genre paintings and elegantly refined portraits,1881, Grand Officer in the Order of Leopold, by royal decree of 4 mai 1881. Hymans, Notice sur la vie et les travaux de N. de Keyser, laurent Stevens, Bravo Toro, souvenir dune course de taureaux à Madrid, La peinture tauromachique de Nicaise de Keyser, Annales dhistoire de lart et darchéologie, vol.32,2010, p93-112. Media related to Nicaise De Keyser at Wikimedia CommonsNicaise de Keyser – Nicaise de Keyser (1836) by Charles Baugniet
31. Jef Lambeaux – Jef Lambeaux or Josef Lambeaux was a Belgian sculptor who worked during the late 19th century and early 20th century. His best known work is Temple of Human Passions, a colossal marble bas-relief, Lambeaux was born in Antwerp, Belgium, on 14 January 1852. He studied at the Antwerp Academy of Fine Arts, and was a pupil of Jean Geefs and he was part of a group of young artists, the Van Beers clique, led by Jan van Beers. This group included the artists Piet Verhaert and Alexander Struys and they were well known for their mischievous and eccentric behaviour, including walking around Antwerp dressed in historic costumes. His first work, War, was exhibited in 1871, and was followed by a series of humorous groups, including Children Dancing, Say Good Morning, The Lucky Number and. He then went to Paris, where he executed The Beggar and The Blini Pauper for the Belgian salons, claire J. R. Colinet – who would have great success during her career in the Art Deco era – was one of Lambeauxs students during his time in Paris. After visiting Italy, where he was impressed by the works of Jean Boulogne, he showed a strong predilection for effects of force. Of his numerous busts may be mentioned those of Hendrik Conscience, and of Charles Buls, Lambeaux didnt escape the wrath of art critics when he showed a life-size model of Temple of Human Passions at the Salon Triennial in Ghent in 1889. It is at once chaotic and vague, bloated and pretentious, pompous, and what if, instead of paying for 300,000 francs of “passions”, the government simply bought works of art. Lambeaux died on 5 June 1908 in Brussels,1887, Knight in the Order of Leopold. In 2006 the association ASBL Musée Jef Lambeaux was set up to promote the creation of a dedicated to the artist in Saint-Gilles. The museum was already promised by the municipality of Saint-Gilles in 1898 and this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Chisholm, Hugh, ed. Lambeaux, JefJef Lambeaux – Le Triomphe de la Femme (1901).
32. Jan August Hendrik Leys – Henri Leys, Hendrik Leys or Jan August Hendrik, Baron Leys was a Belgian painter and printmaker. He was a representative of the historical or Romantic school in Belgian art. His history and genre paintings and portraits earned him a European-wide reputation and his style was influential on artists in, Henri Leys was born in Antwerp as the son of Hendrik-Jozef-Martinus Leys and Maria-Theresia Craen. His father ran a business specializing in religious images printed from old copper plates. The first etching by Henri Leys was an image made for his fathers shop in 1831. Henry Leys was not very interested in school but was keen on drawing. His parents supported his proclivity and let him study under a painter who lived next door. Leys subsequently studied at the Antwerp Academy of Fine Arts, from 1829 to 1832 he studied from the Antique, during this period he started to work in the studio of his brother-in-law, the genre painter Ferdinand de Braekeleer. One of Leys teachers at the Academy was Mattheus Ignatius van Bree, according to a widely circulated story, during a lecture by van Bree on the draping of the gown and peplos of figures from antiquity Leys made a remark about van Brees old-fashioned breeches. Van Bree did not appreciate the joke, but as the young hothead refused to apologize, the director evicted him from the Academy. Leys never returned to the Academy, not even as a teacher after he had achieved international success, from the start of his career Leys painted history and genre subjects. During this period Leys often collaborated with the Belgian Romantic painter Gustaf Wappers, both artists were interested in nationalistic subjects painted in styles that owe much to the example of 16th- and 17th-century Flemish painting. In 1835 Leys went to Paris where he visited the studio of Eugène Delacroix, the influence of Delaroches Romanticism is evident in Leys early work. His precocious talent was manifested at the Brussels Salon of 1836 where he exhibited his Massacre of the magistrates of Louvain for which he received high praise, Leys married Adelaïde van Haren in 1841. The couple had two daughters and a son, the family Leys initially lived in the Hobokenstraat. In 1855 Leys had a spacious house built in the street, which now bears his name. Fom 1857 to 1861 he worked on murals to decorate the room of his house. Leys became in 1852 member of the Kunstverbond or Cercle Artistique, Litéraire et Scientifique d’Anvers and its honorary chairman was the liberal mayor of Antwerp Jan Frans LoosJan August Hendrik Leys – The Mass of Berthal de Haze
33. Arthur Lismer – Arthur Lismer, CC was an English-Canadian painter and member of the Group of Seven. He is known for his paintings of ships in dazzle camouflage, at age 13 he apprenticed at a photo-engraving company. He was awarded a scholarship, and used this time to take evening classes at the Sheffield School of Arts from 1898 until 1905, in 1905, he moved to Antwerp, Belgium, where he studied art at the Academie Royale. Lismer immigrated to Canada in 1911, settled in Toronto, Ontario, from 1916-1919 Lismer served as the President of the Victoria College of Art. In wartime Halifax, Lismer was inspired by the shipping and naval activity of the port and this work came to the attention of Lord Beaverbrook who arranged for Lismer to be commissioned as an official war artist. His best-known work from the war years depicted what he observed and learned about in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Mine sweeping, convoying, patrolling and he also did some sketches of the Halifax Explosion. The collaboration of four artists at Grip gradually evolved into the Group of Seven, the group was known for its depictions of the North American wilderness. He also worked with the cadre at Grip, Arthur Lismers style was influenced by his pre-Canadian experience, where he found the Barbizon and post-impressionist movements a key inspiration. That same year, he became the first artistic director of the Hart House Theatre until 1921, during the Centennial of the City of Toronto, in 1934, Lismer was on the Pictures Committee. His work in art education was effective, and this service to the wider community caused Lismer to become influential in ways not achieved by his artist colleagues, for example, he started a childrens art program at the Art Gallery of Toronto, which became successful in the 1930s. Several members of the Group of Seven including Lismer became members of the Canadian Group of Painters, the gallery LArt français exhibited his works. Lismer was made a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, in 1967, he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada. Lismer died on March 23,1969 in Montreal, Quebec and was buried alongside members of the Original Seven at the McMichael Gallery Grounds. In Toronto, Lismer Hall, the auditorium at Humberside Collegiate Institute is named in his honour and he painted one of the largest murals in Canada for the school during the 1930s that hangs on the auditoriums walls today. Canadian official war artists War artist War art Brandon, Laura, ISBN9781845112370, OCLC225345535 Darroch, Lois. Bright Land, a Warm Look at Arthur Lismer, ISBN9780920886076, OCLC421844431 Gallatin, Albert Eugene. ISBN9780773522954, OCLC500964462 Reid, Dennis R, a Concise History of Canadian Painting. ISBN9780195406641, ISBN 978-0-19-540663-4, OCLC18378555 Boulet, Roger, Group of Seven and Tom Thomson, The Canadian Earth, MArthur Lismer – Arthur Lismer, 1930
34. Jacob Maris – His first teacher was the painter J. A. B. Stroebel who taught him the art of painting from 1849 to 1852, Jacob Maris his most known works are the series of portraits of the royal House of Orange, he worked on these with his brother Matthijs Maris. He is also known for his portraits of landscapes like Schip on the Scheveningen beach, when he was twelve he took some art lessons and later enrolled in the Hague Academy of Art. From 1850-1853 he attended this highly ranked art university, an art dealer recognized his talent and saw to it that Jacob was able to work in the studio of Hubertus van Hove. There he painted interiors as well as figurative and genre works, Van Hove took Maris under his wings and was not only his boss but also his new teacher. Van Hove moved to Antwerp and the nineteen-year-old Maris went with him and this relationship continued until his brother Matthijs received a royal subsidy and joined Jacob. Together they rentged space which also had room for their friend Lawrence Alma-Tadema and they took lessons at the Antwerp Academy and were able to sell some of their works. After this he traveled through Germany, Switzerland and France in 1861, like many of the Hague School alumni, Jacob Maris had enormous success in the Netherlands and abroad. He sold the biggest part of his paintings to collectors in the United States. In 1857, Jacob Maris returned to the Hague, but Matthijs stayed another year in Antwerp before he again shared a studio with Jacob in The Hague, the brothers also went on a study trip together to Germany, Switzerland and France. When their money was spent, they moved in with their parents. In the summer of 1864, Jacob again went to Oosterbeek and possibly to Fontainebleau, following this trip he lived in Paris from 1865 till 1871, and then returned to the Netherlands when the Franco-Prussian War broke out. In The Hague, he became a landscape painter painting rivers and landscapes with mills and towpaths. His stroke became broader and larger and his use of color became more subdued and directed towards portraying the atmospheric depiction of clouds and this part of has been compared to the seventeenth-century painters Jan van Goyen, Jacob Van Ruisdael and Johannes Vermeer. His way of working has been described in the way, They say that he paints first. He applies the paint thickly, builds it up, fiddles around, only then does he complete his figures with lively, thin brush strokes. But the final touch is done with a stroke. In 1871, Maris became a member of the Pulchri Studio and it was only after 1876 that he experienced any renown in the Netherlands and from 1885 on he was a celebrated painterJacob Maris – Jacob Maris by Matthijs Maris, around 1587.
35. Francis Davis Millet – Francis Davis Millet was an American painter, sculptor, and writer who died in the sinking of the RMS Titanic on April 15,1912. Francis Davis Millet was born in Mattapoisett, Massachusetts, at age fifteen, Millet entered the Massachusetts regiment, first as a drummer boy and then a surgical assistant in the American Civil War. He repeatedly pointed to his working for his father as giving him an appreciation for the vivid blood red that he repeatedly used in his early paintings. He graduated from Harvard with a Master of Arts degree and he worked as a reporter and editor for the Boston Courier and then as a correspondent for the Advertiser at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition. In 1876, Millet returned to Boston to paint murals at Trinity Church in Boston with John LaFarge and he entered the Royal Academy of Fine Arts at Antwerp, Belgium, and won a silver medal in his first year, followed by a gold medal in his second. In the Russo‐Turkish war of 1877–78, he was engaged as a war correspondent by the New York Herald, the London Daily News, and he was decorated by Russia and Romania due to his bravery under fire and services to the wounded. Millet became a member of the Society of American Artists in 1880 and he was made a trustee of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and sat on the advisory committee of the National Gallery of Art. His career included work with a number of fairs, including Vienna, Chicago, Paris, and Tokyo. Millet was among the founders of the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and he was instrumental in obtaining the appointment of Emil Otto Grundmann, an old acquaintance from his Antwerp days, as first head of the School. Millet was involved with the American Academy in Rome from its inception and he was a founding member and vice chairman of the U. S. Commission of Fine Arts, serving from 1910 until his death in 1912 and he died aboard the Titanic while traveling to New York City on Academy business. Millet was a writer and journalist as well as an artist and he translated Tolstoy and also wrote essays and short stories. Among his publications are Capillary Crime and Other Stories, The Danube From the Black Forest to the Black Sea and he was elected a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and was also an honorary member of the American Institute of Architects. A noted sculptor and designer as well, Millet designed the 1907 Civil War Medal at the request of the U. S. Army and he also executed the ceiling of the Call Room of the US Custom House at Baltimore, Maryland. Historian Jonathan Ned Katz presents letters from Millet to Stoddard that suggest they had a romantic, the couple would have three children, Kate, Laurence, and John. Millet was also acquainted with the impressionist artist John Singer Sargent. On April 10,1912, Millet boarded the RMS Titanic at Cherbourg, France and he was last seen helping women and children into lifeboats. His body was recovered after the sinking by the cable boat Mackay-Bennett and returned to East Bridgewater, Massachusetts, where he was buried in Central CemeteryFrancis Davis Millet – Francis Millet, portrait by George Du Maurier, 1889.
36. Richard Moynan – Richard Thomas Moynan was an Irish painter. Moynan was born in Dublin and studied there at the Metropolitan School, Moynan originally set out to study medicine, but opted for a career in the arts shortly before his final examinations. He enrolled at the Dublin Metropolitan School of Art in the autumn of 1879, in 1883 Moynan attended the Academy in Antwerp along with Roderic OConor and Henry Allen. He studied there until moving to Paris in 1885, by the late 1880s Moynan had returned to his native Dublin to exhibit his paintings, becoming a member of the Royal Hibernian Academy in 1890. In 1887, he was employed by a Dublin newspaper, The Union, as a political cartoonistRichard Moynan – Military Maneuvers, oil on canvas, 148 x 240 cm, National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin
37. Jef Nys – Jozef Jef Nys was a Belgian comic book creator. He was best known for his comic strip Jommeke, jozef Nys was born in Berchem, Belgium in 1927. His family came from Koksijde, at the Belgian coast, where his grandfather was a fisherman, Jef Nys father Hendrik moved to Antwerp after World War I, and worked in the port. Hendrik Nys married Louise Van Den Bos on 5 August 1922 and her father was a council member in Berchem and worked as a painter. He had a influence on the young Jef. Hendrik and Louise Nys had four children, two of which died at a young age, Hendrik Nys died in 1941 when he was run over by a car while riding his bike. When Jef Nys was 5 years old, he went to school in Berchem and he was a good student and a better artist, and when he was 11 years old, he started with drawing classes in the evening at the municipal art school. The most important of his teachers were Lode De Maeyer and Oscar Depoorter, another field he excelled in at school was writing essays and stories. Aged 13, he had to choose his field of study, because he was still too young, he first had to stay one year at the technical school of Borgerhout, where he again got very good results. He no longer had the time to go to the art school, but continued to draw, making caricatures of the teachers. His teachers, seeing his talent, urged him to drop his technical studies, in 1943 he entered the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of Antwerp, led by Baron Isidoor Opsomer, where one of his teachers was Jan Van Der Loo, a portrettist. Here Nys got the background and craftmanship that would serve him throughout his career, at the same time, Jef Nys started working at AFIM, a small animation study, with his fellow student Bob de Moor and Ray Goossens. But when the Academy became aware of this, he had to quit his job at the studio to stay at the Academy and he continued his studies until the Academy closed down due to the threat of V-1 flying bombs. After the war, he started working at t Pallieterke, a weekly newspaper, where he made cartoons, illustrations. As a child, Nys had seen Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, in 1947, this inspired him to send a letter to the Walt Disney Company with some samples of his work, hoping to be offered a job there. For Het Handelsblad he produced his first longer series, Amedeus en Seppeke, meanwhile, he had to fulfill his military duty from 1952 until 1957, working every Saturday with the Air Defense. The last page of Jommeke appeared in Kerkelijk Leven on 2 November 1958 and these gags were collected in three books in 1957 and 1958. In the same newspaper he created 5 biographical comics between 1955 and March 1959, which appeared as albums in those yearsJef Nys – Jef Nys in 2005
38. Walter Osborne – Walter Frederick Osborne was an Irish impressionist landscape and portrait painter. Most of his paintings featured women, children, and the elderly as well as rural scenes, Walter Osborne was born in Rathmines, Dublin, the second of three sons of William Osborne, a successful animal painter. He was educated at Rathmines School and at the Royal Hibernian Academy school and he won the Taylor Prize in 1881 and 1882, the highest student honour in Ireland of the time, while studying at the Koninklijke Academie voor Schone Kunsten in Antwerp. He was influenced by the Flemish painter, Rubens, and the French realist, plein-air painter, in 1883, Osborne moved from Antwerp to Brittany where he painted his famous Apple Gathering, Quimperlé, now in the National Gallery of Ireland. Soon after, he moved to England where he worked alongside Nathaniel Hill, in 1886, he was elected to the Royal Hibernian Academy and received many commissions for portraits. This was an important source of income, as he had no means of his own. After his sister died he was involved in looking after her daughter, in 1892, he returned to Ireland to live in the family residence, and he also had a studio at No.7 St. Stephens Green. He spent an amount of time painting outdoors, in Dublin around St. Patricks Cathedral or in the country. He was well liked in social circles and counted the surgeon Sir Thornely Stoker, brother of Bram Stoker and he died prematurely at the age of 43 from pneumonia and was buried in Mount Jerome Cemetery. Some critics suggest that at the time of his death he was on the brink of his artistic maturity. His final work Tea in the Garden, a fusion of naturalism and impressionism. In recent years his work has become sought after by collectors. A Dictionary of Irish Biography, 3rd Edition, Irish Art Archive - Walter Frederick Osborne - Milmo-Penny Fine Art. The Irish Impressionists, Irish Artists in France and Belgium 1850-1914, Dictionary of National Biography,1912 supplement. Walter Osborne in the west of Ireland, Osbourne online Walter Osbourne Walter Osborne at Irish ArtWalter Osborne – Walter Osborne
39. Ferdinand Pauwels – Wilhelm Ferdinand Pauwels was a Belgian history painter who lived and worked in Germany. From 1842 to 1850, he studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts, under Gustave Wappers and Nicaise De Keyser, in 1852 he won the Prix de Rome for his painting Coriolanus at Rome and was able to spend four years studying in Italy. From 1862 to 1872, he was the Professor of History Painting at the Weimar Saxon-Grand Ducal Art School, leon Pohle and Max Liebermann were among his students there. This period was productive for him and he completed seven large wall panels at the Wartburg. After a short stay in Belgium, he returned to Germany where he became a Professor at the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts and his students there included Ludwig von Hofmann, Osmar Schindler, Paul Thumann and Oskar Zwintscher. During this period he executed six large historical wall panels at the Fürstenschule in Meissen. From 1870 to 1881, he produced what was considered his greatest work, twelve frescoes in the part of the Ypres Cloth Hall. They depicted scenes of Ypres history from 1187 to 1383, unfortunately, these works were destroyed during World War I. Holger Fischer, Professor Ferdinand Pauwels und sein Schülerkreis, regina Wesche, Die Ausmalung der Tuchhalle in Ypern durch Ferdinand Pauwels 1870-1871. Eine Studie zur belgischen Geschichtsmalerei des 19, jahrhunderts, Masters thesis, Universität Kiel 1997. 19th Century Realism, works by Pauwels Ferdinand Pauwels on Stadtwiki DresdenFerdinand Pauwels – Ferdinand Pauwels, c.1890 (Courtesy of the Saxon State Library)
40. Jozef Peeters – Jozef Peeters is a Belgian painter, engraver and graphic artist. In 1913, Jozef Peeters attended for a time the Antwerp Royal Academy of Fine Arts. In 1914 he started painting luminist landscapes and portraits, from 1915 to 1917 he turned to symbolistic works inspired by theosophy. In 1918 he meets Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, who convinced him to join the futurist movement, with Edmond Van Dooren and Jan Cockx, Jozef Peeters established the “Modern Art” group in September 1918. The group was able to establish contacts with the Der Sturm Gallery in Germany. It also organized three art congresses with exhibitions, in 1920, Jozef Peeters presents his first abstract painting. He is considered to be, next to Karel Maes, one of the first Belgian abstract painters, the next year he published his first album with six linocuts. Jozef Peeters also participated in international art exhibitions among which the International exhibition in Geneva. En 1924, he worked on the decoration and designed the furniture for his new house. Jozef Peeters was also committed to art publications, in 1921, in cooperation with Geert Pijnenburg and Michel Seuphor, he publishes the Het Overzicht in Antwerp. In April 1925, Jozef Peeters creates the De Driehoek magazine, in 1930 he gives up painting and all other artistic activities. Dictionnaire des Peintres Belges Flor Bex – Jozef Peeters, willy van den Bussche, Jean F. Buycks. PMMK - Museum voor Moderne Kunst- OostendeJozef Peeters – Fantaisie (1919) Ink/watercolor by Jozef Peeters
41. Friedrich Preller the Elder – Friedrich Preller the Elder was a German landscape painter and etcher. From 1832 he was a professor at the Fürstlichen freien Zeichenschule in Weimar and he was the father of the artist Friedrich Preller the Younger. After studying drawing at Weimar, he went in 1821, on Goethes advice, to Dresden and he became a pupil in the academy at Antwerp. From 1827 to 1831 he studied in Italy, and in 1831 received an appointment in the Weimar school of art, in 1840 he visited Norway and produced a number of easel works, some of which are preserved at Weimar. In 1859 he revisited Italy, and on his return in 1861 he completed for the museum the frescoes illustrative of the Odyssey. He returned to Weimar, where he died and this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Chisholm, Hugh, ed. Preller, Friedrich. Lionel von Donop, Preller, Friedrich, Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie,26, Leipzig, Duncker & Humblot, pp. 553–561 Julius Gensel, Friedrich Preller d. Bielefeld u. a.1904 Digitalisierte Ausgabe Friedrich Preller der Jüngere, Max Jordan, Tagebücher des Künstlers, Kaufbeuren,1904 Munich Ina Weinrautner, Preller Galerie in the Weimar Museum Odyssey-Landscapes Weimar Painting & Drawing SchoolFriedrich Preller the Elder – Friedrich Preller the Elder (date unknown)
42. Benjamin Prins – Benjamin Liepman Prins was a Dutch genre artist. Benjamin Liepman Prins was born in Arnhem, the Netherlands on January 21,1860 and he was the third of six children from Liepman Philip Prins first wife, Henrietta Prins-Jacobson. Prins showed a talent for art and went to study with Professor August Allebé in the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam. Prins joined Allebé’s class around the year 1877 and studied him for five years. His father, Liepman Philip Prins, worked in the carpet business for many years. After he reached middle age, Liepman decided to devote the rest of his life to serious and exhaustive torah study and these scholarly interests and associations would later have great impact on Benjamins life. In 1885 Liepman Philip Prins took his family to Frankfurt, where he continued to study and write on a variety of Jewish and general subjects. During a visit with the family there, Benjamin met Rosa Benari and they had two daughters, Gretha and Molly. His brother-in-law Jacob Eisenmann founded the Eisenmann Synagogue in Antwerp, Prins artistic nature found expression not only in his art work but also in the company he kept. His wife, a niece, and his good friend Max Liebermann demonstrate that he had a close circle of family. In the late century, an artist was not considered a respectable profession. Vivian Prins, grandson of Benjamin Prins brother Maurits, writes in 1996, in those days, the very rectitude of the middle classs attitudes of the Prins family, in a sense made Uncle Ben something of an oddity and almost an outsider. I should like to hasten to assure you that Uncle Ben was entirely respectable, Prins happy disposition is found in his cheerful works of art. They show a beauty and serenity in the bourgeoisie, his favorite subjects and his genre paintings, traditional in Dutch culture, are filled with a quiet happiness and humor. Prins painting Twijfel depicts a woman holding a hammer while staring at a piggy bank. The woman has mixed emotions about breaking the bank as can be seen from the glint in her eyes. The title of this painting as well as the composition attests to Prins sense of humor and he studied with Verlat for two years. Verlat was known to seek the beauty in reality, and Prins took this search to more levels, seeking to understand the beauty of the inner soulBenjamin Prins – Benjamin Prins in his atelier, Amsterdam, 1934
43. Piat Sauvage – Piat Joseph Sauvage was a Belgian painter. Piats father, Antoine, was a glass cutter, Piat worked in his fathers factory until the age of 17, when he completed his technical schooling in drawing. He went on to improve his education at the Antwerp Academy under the direction of Martin Joseph Geeraerts. He worked for a time in Brussels under the rule of the Habsburgs and he then joined the Saint Luc Academy in Paris, and in 1774 made nine paintings including the grisaille bas-relief La Mort de Germanicus. This canvas is at the Palace of Fontainebleau which also has other dessus-de-porte decorative works by this artist, as his fame grew, he was chosen as the official painter of the Prince de Condé, and then by Louis XVI and the Royal Family. During this period, he painted Marie-Antoinette and produced paintings for the chapel of Saint-Cloud among other works and his appointment as Royal artist did not keep him from joining the popular side of the French Revolution. His painting surprisingly did not slow down during this period of political upheaval, from 1804 to 1807, he painted porcelain figurines for the famous Sèvres porcelain factory. In 1808 he returned to Tournai to become the director of the Academy of Drawing, until 1817, he succeeded in this role while famous artists such as Antoine Payen studied there. He also painted the Sept Sacrements, or Seven Sacraments, in the choir of the Tournai cathedral in order to replace the superb tapestries stolen by the Jacobins during the revolution, media related to Piat Sauvage at Wikimedia CommonsPiat Sauvage – Portrait of Piat-Joseph Sauvage (1786) by Louis-Désiré-Joseph Donvé.
44. August Schneider – Gerhard August Schneider was a Norwegian artist and collector of folk tales. August Schneider was born in Flekkefjord in the county of Vest-Agder and he was educated from the Stavanger Latin School in 1860. After his father died he interrupted and ended his medicine studies, from 1863until 1868 he was permanent illustrator in the witty magazine Vikingen. His drawings were printed after xylography, and had often a political focus, Schneider was a habile portrait painter too. Schneider made several trips to the valley of Setesdal and was touched by cultural traditions in the valley and he proved himself an accomplished painter of folk life and customs, leaving a rich sketchbook. His main contribution to art was his drawings for P. Chr, asbjørnsens Norske Huldre-Eventyr og Folkesagn, and later editions. He committed suicide in Antwerp at 31 years of age, peter Christen Asbjørnsen and Jørgen Moe, Norske Folke- og Huldre-Eventyr i Udvalg. Erik Henning Edvardsen, Kvitebjørn kong Valemon 1, gerhard August Schneider - arkitekten bak norske evnetyrillustrasjoner. Erik Henning Edvardsen, Kvitebjørn kong Valemon 2, gerhard August Schneider - den illustrerte eventyrutgaven som aldri utkom. Erik Henning Edvardsen, Kvitebjørn kong Valemon 3, gerhard August Schneider - Setesdals folkloristiske oppdager. Med hans tegning til Eventyret Gutten og Fanden, in, Ny illustreret Tidende No.7August Schneider – Photo by Christian Olsen, Chra. 1866.
45. Joseph Henry Sharp – Joseph Henry Sharp was an American painter and a founding member of the Taos Society of Artists, of which he is considered the Spiritual Father. Sharp was one of the earliest European-American artists to visit Taos, New Mexico and he painted American Indian portraits and cultural life, as well as Western landscapes. President Theodore Roosevelt commissioned him to paint the portraits of 200 Native American warriors who survived the Battle of the Little Bighorn, while working on this project, Sharp lived on land of the Crow Agency, Montana, where he built Absarokee Hut in 1905. Boosted by his sale of 80 paintings to Phoebe Hearst, Sharp quit teaching, in 1909 he bought a former chapel in Taos to use as a studio, near the house of the artist E. Irving Couse. In 1912 he and his moved to the area full-time. He built a house with studio near the chapel, both artists homes and studios are part of the Eanger Irving Couse House and Studio—Joseph Henry Sharp Studios, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Sharp was born in Bridgeport, Ohio on September 27,1859 to Irish immigrant parents and his father was a merchant by trade. From childhood, Sharp was fascinated with anything to do with American Indians, as a boy, Sharp nearly drowned in a swimming accident. He was pulled from the water and carried to his home by friends who thought he was dead and his mother resuscitated him, but the incident permanently damaged his hearing, and he gradually became totally deaf. As a result, he had to learn to read lips, Sharps father died when he was twelve years old. Soon after, the boy began working in a factory to help support his family. By age 14, his hearing loss made continued schooling impossible and he quit school and moved to Cincinnati, where he lived with an aunt and worked to support himself and send money to his mother. He studied briefly at the McMicken School of Design, then enrolled at the Cincinnati Art Academy, in 1881, Sharp traveled to Europe, where he studied for a year at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Antwerp, Belgium. In 1885 he traveled to Europe with John Hauser, another Cincinnati artist, Sharp also studied at the Académie Julian in Paris, and in the 1890s with Frank Duveneck in Italy. In 1890, Sharp and 12 other Cincinnati artists formed the Cincinnati Art Club, Sharp returned to Cincinnati where he married Addie and taught at the Cincinnati Art Academy. During this period, he painted portraits of society members. In 1893, he made his trip to the American West in the company of fellow Cincinnati artist John Hauser. They visited Taos, New Mexico for the first time, Sharp on a commission from Harpers Weekly to illustrate Indian life at the Taos PuebloJoseph Henry Sharp – Joseph Henry Sharp, c. 1910
46. Josephus Thimister – Josephus Melchior Thimister is a Belgian interior decorator and noted fashion designer who launched his eponymous fashion label, THIMISTER in 1997. In 2001, the editor-in-chief of Vogue USA Anna Wintour named Josephus Thimister as one of the twenty-first best fashion designers, in 2010, the New York Times described his couture show and its pieces as, “fascinating quite clear in military shapes and broken elegance. Dresses like melted down family silver” - Cathy Horyn, after a brief period with Karl Lagerfeld as an assistant, he worked as a designer along Jean Patou before being appointed director of luxury prêt-à-porter at the renowned house of Balenciaga. It was for the five and a half years that Thimister would spend reviving the brand with his pure. He then set up his own Paris-based house in 1997, and has presented both haute couture and prêt-à-porter collections under his name. Born to parents of Russian, Belgian, and French descent in Maastricht, Netherlands in 1962, within a year, the aspiring designer found himself working under Karl Lagerfeld, now creative director of Chanel and also his own renowned label. Thimister then worked alongside prominent designer, Jean Patou at the House of Patou in preparation of their 1990 haute-couture collection. From 1987 to 1992, Thimister has also freelanced as an illustrator and interior decorator for magazines, private clients, exhibitions, in 1991, Thimister advanced toward Balenciaga where he would hold the position as artistic director of luxury women’s prêt-à-porter and accessories for over half a decade. It was said that at Balenciaga, he contributed through his minimalist style, after spending nearly six years with Balenciaga, Josephus Thimister began to design for the Italian ready-to-wear label Genny in 1998. Alongside Genny, Thimister readapted classic military coats and bias-cut gowns, synthesizing dramatic and his designs showed a different approach of the art, demonstrating his individuality among the established couture names. Critics were supposedly struck by the modernity and apparent simplicity of his silhouettes, in February 2005, Thimister was named head designer by the house of Charles Jourdan, in replacement of Patrick Cox. Working with Charles Jourdan, Thimister became known for his poetically Nordic, lightly surrealist, Thimister thereafter did stints with various fashion-influenced institutions for three years. He designed a collection for Andy Warhol entitled Andy Warhol, Heroes & Icons and he also supervised and consulted the concept design of handbags under the Swarovski name. In a few years, Thimister had designed an entire mélange of haute couture, in January 2010, after being invited by the Fédération française de la couture, his return show was met with resounding success and received much praise from the press and the industry. The collection, termed 1915, Bloodshed and Opulence an anti-war collection, was a medley of recycled military jackets and canvas tents, an array of ultra-brut fused with ultra-sophistiqué materials were hence formed. Several articles from his collection are predicted to appear in department stores, Josephus Thimisters Official Website THIMISTERs Fall-Winter 2010 Haute Couture CollectionJosephus Thimister – Josephus Thimister
47. Luc Tuymans – Luc Tuymans is a Belgian artist who lives and works in Antwerp. Tuymans is considered one of the most influential painters working today and his signature figurative paintings transform mediated film, television, and print sources into examinations of history and memory. Tuymans was born in Mortsel near Antwerp, Belgium, tuymanss mothers family had worked in the Dutch resistance and hid refugees. His Belgian Flemish father later revealed that two of his brothers had been in the Hitler Youth, Tuymans began his studies in the fine arts at the Sint-Lukasinstituut in Brussels in 1976. At the age of 19 Tuymans encountered a series of El Greco paintings in Budapest while working as a guard for a European railway company. Subsequently he studied arts at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Arts Visuels de la Cambre in Brussels, Belgium and at the Koninklijke Academie voor Schone Kunsten in Antwerp. He abandoned painting in 1982, studying art history at the Vrije Universiteit, Brussels, Tuymans emerged in at a time when there were not many new contemporary painters making, or using imagistic paintings, others include John Currin or Elizabeth Peyton. Tuymans first made his mark in the 1980s, when he began to explore Europes memories of World War II with harsh, elegant paintings like Gas Chamber, which depicts the Dachau concentration camp. The artist later aroused interest in 2000 with his series of paintings titled Mwana Kitoko. The works were exhibited in 2000 at the David Zwirner Gallery, the most noted painting was of the king himself in his white military uniform. Integral to the Tuymans practice is the reliance on existing visual materials, including drawings, photographs and he started to use Polaroids in 1995. The blurriness is actually sharp because, unlike with Gerhard Richter, it is not wiped away and these statements are characteristic of Tuymans’s self-conscious and tenaciously semantic shaping of the philosophical content in his work. Tuymans often works in series, a method whereby one image can generate another and he continuously analyses and distils his images, making many drawings, photocopies and watercolours before making the high-intensity oil paintings. Between 2007 and 2009 Tuymans worked on a triptych, which began with Les Revenants and Restoration about the power of the Jesuit Order, the Management of Magic, relating to the world phenomenon Walt Disney, and ended with Against the Day, a series on TV reality shows. Instead he presented a simple still-life executed on a scale, deliberately ignoring all reference to world events. Tuymans represented Belgium at the Venice Biennale in 2001, in 1992, Tuymans was invited to show at the documenta for the first time. Tuymans also curates exhibitions, and is organizing the second in a series of exhibitions that brings together Belgian. His exhibition, The State of Things, Brussels/Beijing traveled from the Centre for Fine Arts, Brussels, in 2010-2011 he was the guest curator for the inaugural Bruges Central art festival in Bruges, BelgiumLuc Tuymans – Luc Tuymans, opening of his exhibition "Against the Day" at WIELS Contemporary Art Center, Brussels, April 2009.
48. Walter Tyndale – Walter Frederick Roofe Tyndale was an English watercolour painter of landscapes, architecture and street scenes, book illustrator and travel writer. Tyndale was born and brought up in the town of Bruges in Belgium. When he was 16, his family returned to England, settling in Bath in Somerset for several years. At the age of 18, he returned to Belgium, studying art first at the Academy in Antwerp, then moving to Paris where he studied under Léon Bonnat and Jan van Beers. In the 1870s, At the age of 21, circumstances obliged him to return to England in order to make a living from his art and he painted portraits and genre works in oils, and married a Miss Barnard. Until about 1890, he was mainly as a portrait painter. He eventually commissioned the building of an arts and crafts-style house for himself called Broad Dene, Tyndale travelled to the Netherlands, then to Portugal, where he held a successful exhibition in Oporto. Subsequently he painted in England, and abroad in Morocco, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Sicily, Italy and Rothenburg, Bavaria. Tyndale was one of the first illustrators to benefit from new developments in printing in the early 20th century. He wrote and illustrated volumes as well as providing pictures for other authors. For the book Wessex, Tyndale painted landscapes and buildings in the west country of England, some of these locations were suggested by Hardy himself, who praised the fidelity, both in form and colour of Tyndales work. The Studio magazine commented on the excellent draughtsmanship and the care with which details are rendered. Tyndale was a member of the Royal Institute of Painters in Watercolours, Tyndale exhibited his works at various venues including the Royal Academy, the RI gallery in Piccadilly and Dowdeswell Galleries in London. Written and illustrated by Tyndale, Hardy country water-colours, illustrated by Tyndale, Hutchinson, H. G. Japanese gardens Horatio Brown, Dalmatia, painted by Walter Tyndale, described by Horatio F. Brown About Tyndale, Holland, Walter Tyndale, The man and his art. Ackerman, Gerald M. Les orientalistes de lEcole britannique, volume 9 pp. 282–91, Works by Walter Tyndale Japanese figures leaving a shrine Works by Walter Tyndale at Project Gutenberg Works by Walter Tyndale at Faded Page Works by or about Walter Tyndale at Internet ArchiveWalter Tyndale – Long Street, Sherborne (The location for the "Sherton Abbas" of the "Wessex" novels of Thomas Hardy)
49. Walter van Beirendonck – Walter Van Beirendonck is a Belgian fashion designer. He graduated in 1980 from the Royal Arts Academy in Antwerp, together with Dirk Van Saene, Dries van Noten, Ann Demeulemeester, Marina Yee and Dirk Bikkembergs they became known as the Antwerp Six. Since 1983, he issues his own collections and they are inspired by the visual arts, literature, nature and ethnic influences. His unusual color combinations and a strong graphic influence are characteristic for his collections, in 1997, he designed the costumes for the U2 PopMart Tour. In 1999, he was awarded the title of Cultural Ambassador of Flanders. In 2001, he curated the Fashion 2001 Landed-Geland project in Antwerp, next to five large exhibitions, a new magazine was launched, N°A magazine, published by Artimo, now called A MAGAZINE curated byWalter van Beirendonck – 2011 knitwear exhibition at the ModeMuseum in Antwerp with (middle) a mid-1990s design by Walter Van Beirendonck. This dress was inspired by the colourful clothing of the Hui'an women of Quanzhou, China.
50. Vincent van Gogh – Vincent Willem van Gogh was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art. In just over a decade he created about 2,100 artworks, including around 860 oil paintings and his suicide at 37 followed years of mental illness and poverty. Born into a family, Van Gogh drew as a child and was serious, quiet. As a young man he worked as an art dealer, often travelling and he turned to religion, and spent time as a Protestant missionary in southern Belgium. He drifted in ill health and solitude before taking up painting in 1881 and his younger brother Theo supported him financially, and the two kept up a long correspondence by letter. His early works, mostly still lifes and depictions of peasant labourers, in 1886 he moved to Paris, where he met members of the avant-garde, including Émile Bernard and Paul Gauguin, who were reacting against the Impressionist sensibility. As his work developed he created a new approach to still lifes and his paintings grew brighter in colour as he developed a style that became fully realised during his stay in Arles in the south of France in 1888. During this period he broadened his subject matter to include trees, cypresses, wheat fields. Van Gogh suffered from episodes and delusions and though he worried about his mental stability, he often neglected his physical health, did not eat properly. His friendship with Gauguin ended after a confrontation with a razor and he spent time in psychiatric hospitals, including a period at Saint-Rémy. After he discharged himself and moved to the Auberge Ravoux in Auvers-sur-Oise near Paris and his depression continued and on 27 July 1890, Van Gogh shot himself in the chest with a revolver. He died from his injuries two days later, Van Gogh was unsuccessful during his lifetime, and was considered a madman and a failure. He became famous after his suicide, and exists in the imagination as the quintessential misunderstood genius. His reputation began to grow in the early 20th century as elements of his style came to be incorporated by the Fauves. The most comprehensive source on Van Gogh is the correspondence between him and his younger brother, Theo. Their lifelong friendship, and most of what is known of Vincents thoughts, Theo van Gogh was an art dealer and provided his brother with financial and emotional support, and access to influential people on the contemporary art scene. Theo kept all of Vincents letters to him, Vincent kept few of the letters he received, after both had died, Theos widow Johanna arranged for the publication of some of their letters. A few appeared in 1906 and 1913, the majority were published in 1914, Vincents letters are eloquent and expressive and have been described as having a diary-like intimacy, and read in parts like autobiographyVincent van Gogh – Self-Portrait, Spring 1887, Oil on pasteboard, 42 × 33.7 cm., Art Institute of Chicago (F 345)
51. Jaak van Wijck – Jacobus Johannes Wilhelmus van Wijck was a notable Dutch painter. Van Wijck painted landscapes in de Kempen and in Noord-Brabant during the first half of the twentieth century and he frequently painted locations on the Kalmthoutse Heide close Antwerp. Van Wijck also painted at Ginneken, a close to Breda. As a student of the Stedelijk Tekeninstituut, located in the city Breda, in 1903, shortly after his studies in Breda, he showed his work at the famous Salon Triennal des Beaux-Arts in Brussels. He also displayed his art in several salons in Antwerp, in addition to his work as an independent artist, Van Wijck manufactured glass in lead with his partner Jozef Gussenhoven, in the Vinkenstraat in Antwerp often in Jugendstil/Art Deco. Van Wijck is known for his work as a painter, outside painter, Flemish. He was a member of the large Antwerp artist association De Scalden, later on also of WIJ and Eigen Vorming. He made portraits and he also experimented with waterpainting and postermaking. In The Netherlands, Ginneken, the river De Mark, Bouvigne castle, Ulvenhout, most of these locations are situated near Ginneken, the place where he was born, and in De Kempen close to Antwerp, where he spent the largest part of his life. He painted there during several seasons and focused on the setting including woods, heathland landscapes, farms, moors, orchards, mills, riversights, birds. Most of his work is owned by individuals living in Belgium, The Netherlands, Germany. Some of his works were sold in auction by Christies and Campo&Campo in Antwerp and his family has established, with collaboration of some experts, a catalogue of approx. 235 paintings of Jaak van Wijck as well as a description of his life, history, based on this catalogue, an Internet site has been composed containing a limited selection of his works of art. The family is actively in search of works from Jaak van Wijck. The Belgian artists from the 19th and 20th centuries, Piron, Paul, Internet site Van Wijck family with catalogue worksJaak van Wijck – Jaak van Wijck
52. Willy Vandersteen – Willy Vandersteen was a Belgian creator of comic books. In a career spanning 50 years, he created a studio and published more than 1,000 comic albums in over 25 series. Considered together with Marc Sleen the founding father of Flemish comics, he is popular in Belgium. Hergé called him The Brueghel of the strip, while the creation of his own studio. Vandersteen is best known for Suske en Wiske, which in 2008 sold 3.5 million books and his other major series are De Rode Ridder with over 200 albums and Bessy with almost 1,000 albums published in Germany. Willebrord Jan Frans Maria Vandersteen was born in Antwerp in 1913 and his family lived in the Seefhoek, a poor quarter of the city, where his father Francis Vandersteen worked as a decorator and stone sculptor. His studio lay next to a printer that produced De Kindervriend, Willy Vandersteen, only four years old, read the new magazine there every week, including Blutske, an early comic strip. His mother Anna Gerard was more interested in ballet and singing, one of her favourites, Wiske Ghijs, may well have been the inspiration for the name Wiske he gave to one of the main characters in his main series Spike and Suzy. Vandersteen was creatively active from his youth and he drew pictures with crayons on sidewalks, and invented stories for his friends about knights and legends. He even convinced his friends to buy him crayons so he could depict the local cycling championship. At school as well, he was interested in telling stories. His best memory of these schooldays is of a teacher who introduced him to the works of Pieter Brueghel, outside school, he spent most of his time with comic magazines and adventure books by Jules Verne or books about Nick Carter and Buffalo Bill. At 13, he enrolled at the Academie voor Schone Kunsten in Antwerp to study sculpture, and two years later he started working as sculptor and decorator, just like his father. The same year, the moved to Deurne, a suburb of Antwerp, where he came in contact with nature and with scouting. With the scouts, he became the reporter, writing down heavily illustrated reports on their outings and adventures. Through the scouts, he came into contact with Le Boy-Scout Belge. Vandersteen made a few sequels to these adventures for his friends as amusement and he continued to follow the work of Hergé later on. Meanwhile, Vandersteen combined his studies at the Academy with his work in his fathers workshop until 1935, in between some odd jobs, Vandersteen became an avid sporter, from gymnastics over cycling to wrestlingWilly Vandersteen – Willy Vandersteen
53. Piet Verhaert – Piet Verhaert was a Belgian painter. He was a member of Les XX, Verhaert was a painter and etcher of townscapes, interiors, figures and portraits. He was also a painter of decorative panels. Trained at the Academy of Antwerp, he studied sculpting. He was part of a group of artists known as the Van Beers Clique. This group included the artists Alexander Struys and Jef Lambeaux and they were well known for their mischievous and eccentric behaviour, which included walking around Antwerp dressed in historic costumes. He travelled to The Netherlands, Italy and later Spain and he debuted in 1873 at the Triannual Salon van Antwerpen. He stayed for a year in Paris in 1876, during his time in Spain, he made copies from Velazquez. He was a member of Les XX, a founder of the Society Aquafortistes and he painted, predominantly, genre scenes of the 17th and 18th centuries. From the beginning of the 1880s he painted his own designs, later, brown became the dominant colour of his work. He is best known for his depictions of the old districts of Antwerp, was considered to be a powerful colourist and was a virtuoso with a pencil. He painted a fresco in the Antwerp City Hall and made an album of etchings on the old districts of Antwerp and his works may be found in the museums of Antwerp, Brussels, Doornik and Ghent. Odis Databank, Biography and curriculum vitae Schoonselhof, Biography of Verhaert Arcadja Auctions, Works by Verhaert Piet Verhaert at the British MuseumPiet Verhaert – Forger at Work
54. Jan Verhas – Born in Dendermonde as the younger brother of painter Frans Verhas. His wife was the aunt of Louise Ponselet-Saintenoy and he studied at the Academy of Dendermonde and the Academy in Antwerp, finishing with the Belgian Prix de Rome in 1860. The Belgian government commissioned him to travel to Venice where he made the painting Velleda et la Bataille de Callao in 1862, the next four years, he lived in Binche, where he married. Verhas was a regular of the Salons of the time, winning a class medal in the Paris Salon Exposition of 1881. He was made a Chevalier in the Legion of Honor in 1881, Jan Verhas died in Schaarbeek in 1896. Paintings by Jan Verhas can be seen at the Museum of Fine Arts in Ghent, the Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp, P. & V. Berko, Dictionary of Belgian painters born between 1750 &1875, Knokke 1981, p. 745-747. P. & V. Berko, 19th Century European Virtuoso Painters, Knokke 2011, p.519, media related to Jan Verhas at Wikimedia CommonsJan Verhas – Jan Verhas (date unknown)
55. Charles Verlat – Michel Marie Charles Verlat was a Belgian painter from Antwerp. He was a pupil of Nicaise de Keyser, and studied at the Antwerp Academy, in 1842 appeared his first important picture, Pippin the Short Killing a Lion. About 1849 he went to Paris, where he worked under Ary Scheffer, in 1855 he won a gold medal at the Exposition Universelle at Paris with his Tiger Attacking a Herd of Buffaloes, and in 1858 exhibited Le Coup de collier at the Paris Salon. In 1866 he was appointed director of the Weimar Saxon-Grand Ducal Art School, soon after his return to Antwerp in 1875 he visited Palestine, and brought back a large number of interesting pictures, including Vox Populi, The Tomb of Jesus, and The Flight into Egypt. In 1885 he was appointed director of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts Antwerp and he executed a series of original etchings, and published in 1879 a book on the Antwerp Academy. 1881, Commander in the Order of Leopold, P. & V. Berko, Dictionary of Belgian painters born between 1750 &1875, Knokke 1981, p. 754-757. P. & V. Berko, 19th Century European Virtuoso Painters, Knokke 2011, p.519, attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Chisholm, Hugh, ed. Verlat, Michel Marie Charles. Media related to Charles Verlat at Wikimedia CommonsCharles Verlat – Charles Verlat in 1895
56. Gustaf Wappers – Egide Charles Gustave, Baron Wappers was a Belgian painter. His work is considered to be Flemish and he signed his work with the Flemish form of his name. He studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Antwerp, the Romantic movement with its new ideas about art and politics was astir in France. While political, this remarkable work revolutionized the direction of Flemish painters, Wappers was invited to the court at Brussels, and was favoured with commissions. In 1832 the city of Antwerp appointed him Professor of Painting and he exhibited his masterpiece, Episode of the Belgian Revolution of 1830 or rather Episode of the September Days of 1830 on the Grand Place of Brussels, at the Antwerp Salon in 1834. He was subsequently appointed painter to Leopold, King of the Belgians, at the death of Matthieu-Ignace Van Brée in 1839 he was elevated to director of the Antwerp Academy. Louis Philippe gave him a commission to paint a painting for the gallery at Versailles. He finished the work in 1844, the year that he received the title of baron from Belgian king Leopold I. After retiring as director of the Antwerp Academy, he settled in 1853 in Paris, media related to Gustave_Wappers at Wikimedia CommonsGustaf Wappers – Gustave Wappers
57. Antoine Wiertz – Antoine Joseph Wiertz was a Belgian romantic painter and sculptor. Born in Dinant from a poor family, he entered the Antwerp art academy in 1820. Thanks to his protector Pierre-Joseph de Paul de Maibe, a member of the Second Chamber of the States-General, between November 1829 and May 1832, he stayed in Paris, where he studied the old masters at the Louvre. Upon his return, he established himself in Liège with his mother, during his stay in Rome, Wiertz worked on his first great work, Les Grecs et les Troyens se disputant le corps de Patrocle, on a subject borrowed from book XVII of Homers Iliad. It was exhibited in Antwerp in 1837, where it met some success. Wiertz submitted the work for the Paris Salon of 1838, badly hung and lit, his entry elicited indifference on the part of the public, and provoked sarcasm among the critics. This second humiliation led to a profound rancour against art critics and against Paris, as expressed in his virulent pamphlet Bruxelles capitale, in 1844, Wiertz painted a second version of his Patrocles on an even bigger scale than the first. The Rome version is now in the Museum of Walloon Art in Liège, after the Paris disaster, Wiertz veered more and more to the excessive. A fine example is the monumental La Chute des Anges rebelles, the death of his mother in 1844 was a terrible blow to the artist. He left Liège in 1845 to settle in Brussels for good, during this period he painted a confrontation of Beauty and Death, Deux jeunes filles—La Belle Rosine, which remains perhaps his most famous work. Dissatisfied with the effect of oil painting, he developed a new technique combining the smoothness of oil painting with the speed of execution. This technique of mat painting entailed the use of a mixture of colours, turpentine, La Lutte homérique was the first big-scale painting executed in this technique. However, the used in this technique are responsible for the slow decay of the works produced with it. Wiertz was also a portrait painter, who made self-portraits at various ages. Influenced mainly by Rubens and the late Michelangelo, Wiertz monumental painting often moves between classical academism and lurid romanticism, between the grandiose and the ridiculous. After difficult negotiations with the Belgian government, Wiertz was able to realize his dream to turn his last studio into a museum for his works, the Belgian State bought a piece of land and funded the construction of a huge hall to accommodate the painters monumental works. In exchange, Wiertz donated all his works to the Belgian State and his remains were embalmed in accordance with Ancient Egyptian burial rites and buried in a vault in the municipal cemetery of Ixelles. A copy of one of Antoine Wiertzs works, the statue of The Triumph of Light was once prominently located high on San Franciscos Mount Olympus between the Haight-Ashbury and Corona Heights and it had been presented to the city of San Francisco by Adolph Sutro in 1887Antoine Wiertz – Self portrait, 1860 
58. Willem Witsen – Willem Witsen was a Dutch painter and photographer associated with the Amsterdam Impressionism movement. He was born in a wealthy family, dating back to the governing families of the 17th century, of whom Cornelis Jan Witsen. He studied at academies in Amsterdam and Antwerp, witsens work, influenced by James MacNeill Whistler, often portrayed calm urban landscapes as well as agricultural scenes. He also created portraits and photographs of prominent figures of the Amsterdam art world, as a student at the Amsterdam Rijksacademie van Beeldende Kunsten, Willem Witsen was a board member of the artists association Sint Lucas. He was the founder of the Nederlandse Etsclub, Witsen belonged to the Tachtigers, a group of young artists who proclaimed the principle of lart pour lart Art for arts sake. The group influenced Dutch artistic and political life during the 1890s, during visits to London, Witsen became acquainted with the paintings of James McNeill Whistler. Witsen worked in artists colonies in Laren, Rotterdam, Wijk bij Duurstede and Ede and he made his studies of the small town Dordrecht while sitting in a boat, which gave him the special lower viewpoint which is characteristic of his works in that town. After returning to Amsterdam, Witsen became a member of the artists circle Maatschappij Arti et Amicitiae and he was also a member of the artists association Sint Lucas, which is named after Saint Luke, patron of the painters. Witsens works are distinguishable from those of a contemporary European style and their atmosphere is melancholy, depicting austere, wintery, dark scenes. The dark paintings did not sell well at his first solo exhibition, a few years later, after his second exhibition, he proved successful with his prints depicting Rotterdam, Amsterdam, and painted views on Ede, and his watercolours were particularly successful. His best works include serene views on Amsterdams, like those of the Herengracht and Leidsegracht, “Turfschepen in de Oude Schans”, in 1911 Witsen purchased a barge in order to again work from a water-level standpoint. Prices granted to him at the Worlds Fair in Paris and St. Louis brought him to the attention of an international public, here Witsen showed prints and paintings of Venice. He experimented with etching and has been painting portraits and floral still lifes during his whole career. He visited the Arts Fair of 1915 in San Francisco and traveled to the Dutch East-Indies a few years before his death, witsens studio which initially had also been used by Breitner, is situated at Oosterpark 82 in Amsterdam and is now a state-owned museum. The Witsenhouse as it is called today has been restored to its original condition, for visits a written request is mandatory. The late-romanticist Dutch writer Nescio portrayed the character of his story Verliefdheid from March 1919 as the occupier of this house. The Witsenhuis now is available as temporary housing for writers, the Dutch writer Marga Minco lived here from 1949 to 1970 with her husband Bert Voeten. Among the later occupiers of the house were the writers Jan Kal and his original photographs show his experience in etching because of his close attention to perspective, composition and working in nuances of black and whiteWillem Witsen – Prins Hendrikkade te Amsterdam, 1891