Category:Suicides by firearm in France
Pages in category "Suicides by firearm in France"
The following 27 pages are in this category, out of 27 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 27 pages are in this category, out of 27 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Guy Debord – He was briefly a member of Socialisme ou Barbarie. Guy Debord was born in 1931. Martial, was a pharmacist who died due to illness when Debord was young. Paulette Rossi, sent Guy to live with his grandmother in her family villa in Italy. During World War II, the Rossis began to travel from town to town. As a result, Debord attended high school in Cannes, where he began his interest in vandalism. As a young man, Debord actively joined in demonstrations in Paris against it. Debord studied Law at the University of Paris, but did not complete his college education. After ending his stint at the University of Paris, he began his career as a writer. In November 1994, Debord ended his life to the head. His suicide is as controversial as it is unclear. Some assert this act was a revolutionary one in relation to his career. Debord was said to be “victim of the Spectacle he fought”. Among the many commentaries on Debord's demise, one scholar noted: “Guy Debord did not kill himself. Debord joined the Letterist International when he was 19.Guy Debord
2. Jean Germain (politician) – Jean Germain was a French socialist politician. Germain was the president of l'Université de Tours from 1988 to 1993. In 1995 he was elected president of the agglomeration community of Tours, Tour Plus. In September 2011 Germain was elected from the department of Indre-et-Loire. Germain was a member of the French Socialist Party. He left two suicide notes, protesting his innocence.Jean Germain (politician) – Jean Germain
3. Roger Girerd – Roger Girerd was a French mass murderer who killed 10 members of his family at a farm in Charvieu-Chavagneux on May 20, 1965, before committing suicide. Due to being overworked he had been for a few months in 1959. Two more shots were heard at about 10 a.m. when Girerd killed himself. In a note, Girerd stated he was sick of living in poverty and watching his family living in need, writing: I have enough. I have to do something. I don't want my children to have to live the way I have to. I want everyone to live in peace. ... ... to pay my debts.Roger Girerd – Roger Girerd
4. Ivar Kreuger – Ivar Kreuger was a Swedish civil engineer, financier, entrepreneur and industrialist. In 1908 he co-founded Kreuger & Toll Byggnads AB, which specialized in new building techniques. By innovative financial instruments he built a global match and financial empire. Kreuger's financial empire has been described by one biographer based on the supposedly fantastic profitability of his match monopolies. However, in a Ponzi scheme early investors are paid that of subsequent investors. Many of them have survived to this day. There were others like it. John Kenneth Galbraith wrote that he was the "Leonardo of larcenists". In March 1932, he was found dead in the bedroom of his flat in Paris. Ivar Kreuger had five siblings: Ingrid, Helga, Torsten, Greta and Britta. At school, Ivar skipped ahead two classes by taking private lessons. They met in 1913. She moved to Denmark, where she married a Danish engineer with the name Eberth. They had a daughter in Grete Eberth. After some years however, she moved back to Stockholm with her daughter, reuniting with Kreuger.Ivar Kreuger – Ivar Kreuger c. 1920
5. Nicolas Leblanc – Nicolas Leblanc was a French chemist and surgeon who discovered how to manufacture soda from common salt. Leblanc was born in Cher, France on December 6 1742. A minor official at an iron works, died in 1751. Leblanc was sent to Bourges to live with a close family friend. Under the influence of his guardian, Leblanc developed an interest in medicine. When Bien died in 1759, Leblanc enrolled at the École de Chirurgie in Paris to study medicine. Graduating with a master's degree in surgery, Leblanc opened a medical practice. The couple's first child followed three years later. In 1775, the French Academy of Sciences offered a prize for a process whereby soda ash could be produced from salt. The French Academy wanted to promote the production of much-needed carbonate from inexpensive sodium chloride. By 1791, Nicolas Leblanc had succeeded in producing sodium carbonate by a 2-step process. In the first step, chloride is mixed with concentrated sulfuric acid at temperatures of 800-900 ° C; hydrogen chloride gas is evolved, leaving solid sodium sulfate. In the second step, the sulfate is crushed, mixed with charcoal and limestone and again heated in a furnace. The prize was awarded to Nicolas Leblanc for a process which used sulfuric acid as the raw materials. Later a plant was in operation producing 320 tons of soda ash per year.Nicolas Leblanc – Nicolas Leblanc chemist & physician
6. Bernard Loiseau – Bernard Loiseau was a French chef. He committed suicide by firearm in 2003 when newspaper reports hinted that his restaurant might lose its 3-star status. Loiseau was born in the Auvergne region of central France. The well known Michelin Guide bestowed the coveted 3-star rating on his establishment in 1991. Bernard Loiseau was the first star restaurateur to establish the concept of having one's restaurant incorporated and traded. At the time of his death, he was the only French chef traded on the exchange. In the late 1990s, a new form of Asian-inspired "fusion cuisine" swept France, pleasing trend-driven "foodies", which Loiseau resisted. The prevailing notion, however, was that the pre-eminent Loiseau's grip was slipping -- that his philosophy were being superseded by newer trends. He suffered from bouts of increasingly severe clinical depression. Loiseau committed suicide on 24 February 2003, shooting himself after a full day of work in his kitchen. After his death, three-star chef Jacques Lameloise said Loiseau had once confided, "If I lose a star, I'll kill myself". While it was later reported that Loiseau was despondent at his restaurant, Michelin still received blame in some accounts. As of 2007 La Côte d'Or remained a three-star establishment in the hands of executive chef Patrick Bertron. The plot of the Pixar Ratatouille has its roots in Loiseau's life story. La Côte d'Or was one of the restaurants visited in France.Bernard Loiseau – Bernard and Dominique Loiseau
7. Henry de Montherlant – Henry Marie Joseph Frédéric Expedite Millon de Montherlant was a French essayist, novelist, dramatist. He was elected in 1960. Born in Paris, a descendant of an aristocratic Picard family, he was educated at the Sainte-Croix boarding school at Neuilly-sur-Seine. Henry's father was a hard-line reactionary. After the deaths of his mother in 1914 and 1915, he went to live with his doting grandmother and eccentric uncles. Mobilised in 1916, he was decorated. In these years de Montherlant traveled mainly to Spain, Italy, Algeria. During the war he remained in Paris and continued to write plays, poems, worked as a war correspondent. After becoming almost blind in his last years, de Montherlant died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound after swallowing a cyanide capsule in 1972. His standard biography was published in two volumes, revealing the full extent of de Montherlant's sexual habits. Night was published in 1963. The novels were praised as Aragon, Bernanos, Malraux. De Montherlant was well known for his misogynistic views, as exemplified particularly in The Girls. Simone de Beauvoir considered his attitudes in her The Second Sex. He wrote plays such as Pasiphaé, La Reine morte, Le Maître de Santiago, Le Cardinal d'Espagne.Henry de Montherlant – Henry de Montherlant
8. Georges Palante – Georges Toussaint Léon Palante was a French philosopher and sociologist. He advocated individualist ideas similar to Nietzsche and Schopenhauer. He was opposed to Émile Durkheim's holism, promoting methodological individualism instead. Palante was born in Saint-Laurent-Blangy in 20 November 1862. Emile Palante, was an accountant from Liège. Emile, died when he was only five years old. He studied successively at the college of Arras, where he excelled in Latin, then at Lycée Louis-le-Grand where he earned his bachelor's degree. He obtained a Bachelor of Arts at the University of Douai. In 1885, he began his career at Aurillac where he met his future wife, Louise Genty, whom he married three years later. The couple had Germaine, in 1890. Between 1888, he studied in Châteauroux. In 1888 he received his Agrégation in philosophy. In 1893, he began to publish articles. He returned to the Lycée de Saint-Brieuc, at which he worked for the remainder of his teaching career. Meanwhile, he continued publishing articles and essays in journals.Georges Palante – Palante's house in Hillion
9. Alexandre Stavisky – Serge Alexandre Stavisky was a French financier and embezzler whose actions created a political scandal that became known as the Stavisky Affair. Alexandre Stavisky was a Polish Jew born in modern-day Ukraine whose parents had moved to France. He received French citizenship in 1910. In the 1930s he managed municipal pawnshops in Bayonne but also moved in financial circles. In 1927, Stavisky was put for the first time, charged with a 6 million fraud. However, he was granted 19 times. Faced with exposure in December 1933, Stavisky fled. On 8 the police found him in a Chamonix chalet dying to the head. Surgeons struggled to save him but he died early in the hours of January 9. Officially, Stavisky committed suicide, but historians generally agree he was murdered to keep him silent. An official public enquiry was ordered into the affair. Stavisky died on January 8, 1934, Chamonix. He was buried in Père Lachaise Cemetery.Alexandre Stavisky – Alexandre Stavisky
10. Death of Vincent van Gogh – Van Gogh died two days later. In 1889, Vincent van Gogh experienced a deterioration in his mental health. As a result of incidents in Arles leading to a public petition, he was committed to a hospital. He was ready to be discharged by March 1889, coinciding with the wedding of his brother Theo to Johanna Bonger. At Salles' suggestion van Gogh chose an asylum in nearby Saint-Rémy. Theo originally resisted this choice, even agreeing to pay the asylum fees. Vincent entered the asylum in early May 1889. Following a trip to Arles, he suffered a serious relapse that lasted a month. This last relapse, described by Jan Hulsker as saddest, lasted until March 1890. I need some air, I feel overwhelmed by grief." On arriving at Auvers, van Gogh's health was still very good. Writing on 21 May to Theo he comments: "I can do nothing about my illness. I am suffering a little now -- the thing is that after that long seclusion the days seem like weeks to me." In the end I was absolutely unable to understand it. Furthermore, an unsent letter to Paul Gauguin which van Gogh wrote around 17 June is quite positive about his plans for the future.Death of Vincent van Gogh – Graves of Vincent van Gogh and his brother Theo
11. Vincent van Gogh – Vincent Willem van Gogh was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter, among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art. In just over a decade he created about 2,100 artworks, including around most in the last two years of his life. His suicide at 37 followed years of mental illness and poverty. Born into an upper-middle-class family, Van Gogh was serious, thoughtful. As a young man he worked as an art dealer, often travelling, but became depressed after he was transferred to London. He turned to religion, spent time as a Protestant missionary in southern Belgium. He drifted in ill health and solitude before taking up painting in 1881, having moved back home with his parents. His younger brother Theo supported him financially, the two kept up a long correspondence by letter. His early works, still depictions of peasant labourers, contain few signs of the vivid colour that distinguished his later work. In 1886 he moved to Paris, where he met members of the avant-garde, including Émile Bernard and Paul Gauguin, who were reacting against the Impressionist sensibility. As his work developed he created a new approach to still lifes and local landscapes. During this period he broadened his matter to include olive trees, cypresses, sunflowers. His friendship with Gauguin ended with a razor when in a rage, he severed part of his left ear. He spent time in psychiatric hospitals, including a period at Saint-Rémy. After he moved in Auvers-sur-Oise near Paris, he came under the care of the homeopathic doctor Paul Gachet.Vincent van Gogh – Self-Portrait, Spring 1887, Oil on pasteboard, 42 × 33.7 cm., Art Institute of Chicago (F 345)
12. Dominique Venner – Dominique Venner was a French historian, journalist and essayist. He specialized in political history. At the time of his death, he was the editor of a bimonthly history magazine. On 21 Venner committed suicide inside the cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris. Upon his return to France he joined the Jeune Nation movement. Following the violent suppression of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution he participated on 7 November 1956. Along with Pierre Sidos, he helped was involved with the Mouvement populaire du 13-mai led by General Chassin. As a member of the Organisation de l'Armée Secrète, he was jailed for 18 months in La Santé Prison as a political undesirable. He was freed in 1962. In January 1963, he created a magazine called "Europe-Action", which he later led. He was a member of Groupement recherche et d'études pour la civilisation européenne from its beginning until the 1970s. He also created, its revue, Cité-Liberté, founded in 1970. The IEO was anti-communist, supported Western values. The IEO dissolved in 1971, the same Venner ceased all political activities in order to focus on his career as an historian. Venner wrote several books on these subjects.Dominique Venner – Dominique Venner