Pages in category "Torch singers"
The following 120 pages are in this category, out of 120 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 120 pages are in this category, out of 120 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Blues – Blues is a genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century. The genre developed from roots in African musical traditions, African-American work songs, spirituals, Blues incorporated spirituals, work songs, field hollers, shouts, chants, and rhymed simple narrative ballads. Blue notes, usually thirds or fifths flattened in pitch, are also a part of the sound. Blues shuffles or walking bass reinforce the trance-like rhythm and form a repetitive effect known as the groove, Blues as a genre is also characterized by its lyrics, bass lines, and instrumentation. Early traditional blues verses consisted of a single line repeated four times, Early blues frequently took the form of a loose narrative, often relating the troubles experienced in African-American society. Many elements, such as the format and the use of blue notes. The origins of the blues are closely related to the religious music of the Afro-American community. The first appearance of the blues is often dated to after the ending of slavery and, later and it is associated with the newly acquired freedom of the former slaves. Chroniclers began to report about blues music at the dawn of the 20th century, the first publication of blues sheet music was in 1908. Blues has since evolved from unaccompanied vocal music and oral traditions of slaves into a variety of styles and subgenres. Blues subgenres include country blues, such as Delta blues and Piedmont blues, as well as urban blues styles such as Chicago blues, World War II marked the transition from acoustic to electric blues and the progressive opening of blues music to a wider audience, especially white listeners. In the 1960s and 1970s, a form called blues rock evolved. The term blues may have come from blue devils, meaning melancholy and sadness, the phrase blue devils may also have been derived from Britain in the 1600s, when the term referred to the intense visual hallucinations that can accompany severe alcohol withdrawal. As time went on, the phrase lost the reference to devils, by the 1800s in the United States, the term blues was associated with drinking alcohol, a meaning which survives in the phrase blue law, which prohibits the sale of alcohol on Sunday. Though the use of the phrase in African-American music may be older, it has been attested to in print since 1912, in lyrics the phrase is often used to describe a depressed mood. The lyrics of traditional blues verses probably often consisted of a single line repeated four times. Two of the first published songs, Dallas Blues and Saint Louis Blues, were 12-bar blues with the AAB lyric structure. Handy wrote that he adopted this convention to avoid the monotony of lines repeated three times, the lines are often sung following a pattern closer to rhythmic talk than to a melodyBlues – John Lomax (left) shaking hands with musician "Uncle" Rich Brown in Sumterville, Alabama
2. Jazz – Jazz is a music genre that originated amongst African Americans in New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in Blues and Ragtime. Since the 1920s jazz age, jazz has become recognized as a form of musical expression. Jazz is characterized by swing and blue notes, call and response vocals, polyrhythms, Jazz has roots in West African cultural and musical expression, and in African-American music traditions including blues and ragtime, as well as European military band music. Although the foundation of jazz is deeply rooted within the Black experience of the United States, different cultures have contributed their own experience, intellectuals around the world have hailed jazz as one of Americas original art forms. As jazz spread around the world, it drew on different national, regional, and local musical cultures, New Orleans jazz began in the early 1910s, combining earlier brass-band marches, French quadrilles, biguine, ragtime and blues with collective polyphonic improvisation. In the 1930s, heavily arranged dance-oriented swing big bands, Kansas City jazz, bebop emerged in the 1940s, shifting jazz from danceable popular music toward a more challenging musicians music which was played at faster tempos and used more chord-based improvisation. Cool jazz developed in the end of the 1940s, introducing calmer, smoother sounds and long, modal jazz developed in the late 1950s, using the mode, or musical scale, as the basis of musical structure and improvisation. Jazz-rock fusion appeared in the late 1960s and early 1970s, combining jazz improvisation with rock rhythms, electric instruments. In the early 1980s, a form of jazz fusion called smooth jazz became successful. Other styles and genres abound in the 2000s, such as Latin, the question of the origin of the word jazz has resulted in considerable research, and its history is well documented. It is believed to be related to jasm, a term dating back to 1860 meaning pep. The use of the word in a context was documented as early as 1915 in the Chicago Daily Tribune. Its first documented use in a context in New Orleans was in a November 14,1916 Times-Picayune article about jas bands. In an interview with NPR, musician Eubie Blake offered his recollections of the slang connotations of the term, saying, When Broadway picked it up. That was dirty, and if you knew what it was, the American Dialect Society named it the Word of the Twentieth Century. Jazz has proved to be difficult to define, since it encompasses such a wide range of music spanning a period of over 100 years. Attempts have been made to define jazz from the perspective of other musical traditions, in the opinion of Robert Christgau, most of us would say that inventing meaning while letting loose is the essence and promise of jazz. As Duke Ellington, one of jazzs most famous figures, said, although jazz is considered highly difficult to define, at least in part because it contains so many varied subgenres, improvisation is consistently regarded as being one of its key elementsJazz – Louis Armstrong (1901–1971) is considered one of the pivotal musicians in jazz for his contributions as a trumpet player, composer and singer.
3. Marc Almond – Peter Mark Sinclair Marc Almond is an English singer-songwriter and musician. Almond first began performing and recording in the synthpop/new wave duo Soft Cell and he has also had a diverse career as a solo artist. His collaborations include a duet with Gene Pitney on the 1989 UK number one single Somethings Gotten Hold of My Heart, Almond has sold over 30 million records worldwide. Almond was born in Southport, Lancashire, the son of Sandra Mary Diesen and Peter John Sinclair Almond and he was brought up nearby at his grandparents house in Birkdale with his younger sister, Julia, and as a child suffered from bronchitis and asthma. When he was four, they left their grandparents house and moved to Starbeck, two years later they returned to Southport, and then moved to Horsforth, West Yorkshire. At the age of 11, Almond attended Aireborough Grammar School near Leeds and he found solace in music, listening to British radio pioneer John Peel. The first album he purchased was the soundtrack of the stage musical Hair and he later became a great fan of Marc Bolan and David Bowie and got a part-time job as a stable boy to fund his musical tastes. After his parents divorce in 1972, he moved with his back to Southport. He gained two O-Levels in Art and English and was accepted onto a General Art and Design course at Southport College, Almond applied to Leeds Polytechnic, where he was interviewed by Jeff Nuttall, also a performance artist, who accepted him on the strength of his performing skills. During his time at Art College, he did a series of theatre pieces, Zazou, Glamour in Squalor, Twilights and Lowlifes. He left Art College with a 2,1 honours degree and he later credited writer and artist Molly Parkin with discovering him. It was at Leeds Polytechnic that Almond met David Ball, a fellow student, as an adolescent, Almond listened to Radio Caroline and Radio Luxembourg. He listened at first to progressive music, blues, and rock, and bands such as Free, Jethro Tull, Siouxsie and the Banshees, Van der Graaf Generator, The Who, and The Doors. He bought the first ever issue of Sounds because it contained a poster of Jimmy Page. Almond became a fan of Bolan after hearing him on The John Peel Show, rex single Ride a White Swan. From then on, Almond followed everything Marc Bolan did and it was his obsession with Bolan that prompted Almond to adopt the Marc spelling of his name and he discovered the songs of Jacques Brel through Bowie as well as Alex Harvey and Dusty Springfield. Almond and Dave Ball formed the synthesizer-based duo Soft Cell and signed to Some Bizzare Label and their hits included Tainted Love, Bedsitter, Say Hello, Wave Goodbye, Torch, What. Soul Inside, and the club hit Memorabilia, Soft Cells first release was an independent record entitled Mutant Moments via Red Rhino Records in 1980Marc Almond – Almond performing at the old Cadet Corps Riding Hall in St. Petersburg, October 2008.
4. Antony and the Johnsons – Antony and the Johnsons is an American music group presenting the work of Anohni and her collaborators. British experimental musician David Tibet of Current 93 heard a demo, Anohni started the band, its name inspired by the transgender rights activist Marsha P. Johnson. The debut album, Antony and the Johnsons, was released in 1998, producer Hal Willner heard the EP and played it to Lou Reed, who immediately recruited Hegarty for his project The Raven. Now gaining more attention, Hegarty signed to US-based record label Secretly Canadian, Secretly Canadian also re-released Hegartys debut album in the United States to wider distribution in 2004. Anohnis second full-length album, 2005s I Am a Bird Now, was greeted with positive reviews, the album featured guest appearances by Lou Reed, Rufus Wainwright, Boy George and Devendra Banhart, and circled themes of duality and transformation. I Am a Bird Now featured arrangements by Maxim Moston and Julia Kent and was mixed by Doug Henderson, in September 2005 Antony and the Johnsons were awarded the Mercury Prize for the best UK album of 2005. Antony and the Johnsons collaborated with experimental film-maker Charles Atlas and presented TURNING in November 2006 in Rome, London, Paris, Madrid, thirteen women from New York City were presented in intimate live video portraits during the course of the concert. The Guardian called the piece fragile, life affirming, and truly wonderful, le Monde in Paris hailed TURNING as Concert-manifeste transsexuel. Antony and the Johnsons 5-song Another World EP was released on 7 October 2008, Antony and the Johnsons third album, The Crying Light, was released on 19 January 2009 and went to #1 on the European Billboard charts. Anohni has described the theme of the album as being about landscape, nature, death, love and the role of the artist were explored across ten tracks, which included the single Epilepsy Is Dancing. The album was mixed by Bryce Goggin and included arrangements by Nico Muhly, as music, its simply exquisite – more controlled and considered than anything Antony and the Johnsons have done and sure to linger in the minds of listeners. The concert hall was transformed into a cave filled with laser effects created by installation artist Chris Levine. At Salle Playel in Paris, Anohni appeared in a designed for her by Riccardo Tisci of Givenchy. After two sold out concerts at the Sydney Opera House, Antony and the Johnsons ended their recent touring in February 2010 in Tokyo, kazuo Ohno died in June of that year, and Anohni wrote an obituary for the dancer in The Guardian. In interviews around the world in 2010, Anohni described her work on Swanlights, Anohni said she was struggling to come to terms with the idea that she was part of a society that was having a virulent impact on the earth. She suggested that the degradation of nature was partially a result of the subjugation of women, Anohni also blamed the collapse of humanitys sustainable relationship with the earth in part on the rise of patriarchal religions that suggest the destiny of humanity to be a paradise elsewhere. Interview Magazine describes Swanlights as a personal call for global. September 2010 saw the release of the Thank You For Your Love EP which includes covers of Dylans Pressing On, the Sun listed Thank You For Your Love as single of the week on 27 August 2010Antony and the Johnsons – Antony Hegarty performing in 2008
5. Tony Bennett – Anthony Dominick Benedetto, known professionally as Tony Bennett, is an American singer of traditional pop standards, big band, show tunes, and jazz. He is also a painter, having created works under the name Anthony Benedetto that are on permanent public display in several institutions and he is the founder of the Frank Sinatra School of the Arts in Astoria, Queens, New York. Born and raised in Astoria to an Italian-American family, Bennett began singing at an early age and he fought in the final stages of World War II as a U. S. Army infantryman in the European Theater. Afterward, he developed his technique, signed with Columbia Records and had his first number-one popular song with Because of You in 1951. Several top hits such as Rags to Riches followed in the early 1950s and he then refined his approach to encompass jazz singing. He reached a peak in the late 1950s with albums such as The Beat of My Heart and Basie Swings. In 1962, Bennett recorded his song, I Left My Heart in San Francisco. His career and his personal life experienced a downturn during the height of the rock music era. Bennett staged a comeback in the late 1980s and 1990s, putting out gold record albums again and he has won 19 Grammy Awards and two Emmy Awards, and was named an NEA Jazz Master and a Kennedy Center Honoree. He has sold over 50 million records worldwide, Anthony Dominick Benedetto was born on August 3,1926, in Astoria, Queens, New York, to grocer John Benedetto and seamstress Anna Suraci. In 1906, John had emigrated from Podàrgoni, an eastern district of the southern Italian city of Reggio Calabria. Anna had been born in the U. S. shortly after her parents emigrated from the Calabria region in 1899. Other relatives came over as well as part of the migration of Italians to America. Tony grew up with a sister, Mary, and an older brother. With a father who was ailing and unable to work, the children grew up in poverty, John Sr. instilled in his son a love of art and literature and a compassion for human suffering, but died when Tony was 10 years old. The experience of growing up in the Great Depression and a distaste for the effects of the Hoover Administration would make the child a lifelong Democrat. Young Tony grew up listening to Al Jolson, Eddie Cantor, Judy Garland, and Bing Crosby as well as artists such as Louis Armstrong, Jack Teagarden. His Uncle Dick was a tap dancer in vaudeville, giving him a window into show businessTony Bennett – Tony Bennett performing in 2003
6. Polly Bergen – Polly Bergen was an American actress, singer, television host, writer, and entrepreneur. She won an Emmy Award in 1958 for her performance as Helen Morgan in The Helen Morgan Story, for her stage work she was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical for her performance as Carlotta Campion in Follies in 2001. Her film work included 1962s Cape Fear and 1963s The Caretakers and she hosted her own variety show for one season, and as an author wrote three books on beauty, fashion, and charm. Bergen was born in Knoxville, Tennessee, to Lucy and William Hugh Burgin, Bergen appeared in many film roles, most notably in the original Cape Fear opposite Gregory Peck and Robert Mitchum. She had roles as the romantic interest in three Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis comedy films in the early 1950s, At War with the Army, Thats My Boy, and The Stooge. She was featured in a number of westerns during the 1950s, including Warpath, Arena, bergens later roles included Mrs. Vernon-Williams in Cry-Baby, a John Waters film. Bergen received an Emmy award for her portrayal of singer Helen Morgan in the episode The Helen Morgan Story of the 1950s television series Playhouse 90, signed to Columbia Records, she enjoyed a successful recording career during this era, as well. In the 1950s she also was known as The Pepsi Cola Girl and she was a regular panelist on the CBS game show To Tell the Truth, during its original run. She also appeared on the NBC interview program Heres Hollywood and she earned an Emmy nomination for her role as Rhoda Henry, wife of Capt. Pug Henry, in two ABC miniseries, The Winds of War and its sequel, War and Remembrance. She starred in a 2001 Broadway revival of Stephen Sondheims Follies at the Belasco Theater, in 2003, she starred at the same theatre in Six Dance Lessons in Six Weeks opposite Mark Hamill in a role she took over from Rue McClanahan. Bergen played Fran Felstein on HBOs The Sopranos, the mistress of Johnny Soprano. From 2007 to 2011 Bergen had a guest role in Desperate Housewives as Lynette Scavos mother, Stella Wingfield and she was a semi-regular cast member of Commander-in-Chief as the mother of Mackenzie Allen, the President of the United States, played by Geena Davis. Bergen herself had once played the first female President of the United States, as President Leslie McCloud in the 1964 film, Kisses for My President. Another late appearance came in the Hallmark Hall of Fame presentation, Candles on Bay Street, in 1965, Bergen created the Polly Bergen Company cosmetics line. She also created lines of jewelry and shoe brands, and authored three books on beauty, Bergen was married to actor Jerome Courtland in the early 1950s. In 1957 she married Hollywood agent-producer Freddie Fields with whom she had two adopted children, Pamela Kerry Fields and Peter William Fields, and stepdaughter, Kathy Fields, Bergen converted from Southern Baptist to Judaism upon marrying Fields. She was married to entrepreneur Jeffrey Endervelt in the 1980s, Bergen was a liberal-minded, politically active Democrat and feminist. She was an advocate of the Equal Rights Amendment, womens educationPolly Bergen – Polly Bergen in 1953
7. Andrea Bocelli – Andrea Bocelli, OMRI, OMDSM is an Italian classical crossover tenor, recording artist, and singer-songwriter. Born with poor eyesight, Bocelli became permanently blind at the age of 12, Bocelli has recorded fifteen solo studio albums, of both pop and classical music, three greatest hits albums, and nine complete operas, selling over 80 million records worldwide. He has had success as a crossover performer bringing classical music to the top of international pop charts, in 1998, Bocelli was named one of Peoples 50 Most Beautiful People. In 1999, Bocelli was nominated for Best New Artist at the Grammy Awards, the Prayer, his duet with Celine Dion for the animated film Quest for Camelot, won the Golden Globe for Best Original Song and was nominated for an Academy Award in the same category. Seven of his albums have reached the top 10 on the Billboard 200. The single went on to sell twelve million copies worldwide. Bocelli was born to Alessandro and Edi Bocelli, doctors had advised Bocellis parents to abort Bocelli before birth as they predicted, based on studies, that Bocelli would be born with a disability. The Bocellis declined and gave birth to Andrea and it was evident at birth that Bocelli had numerous problems with his sight, and after visits to many doctors, he was diagnosed with congenital glaucoma. Bocelli has stated that his mothers decision to give birth to him and overrule the doctors advice was the inspiration for him to hold a pro-life view towards abortion. Bocelli grew up on his familys farm, where they sold farm machinery and made wine in the village of La Sterza. Bocellis mother and younger brother Alberto still live in the family home, as a young boy, Bocelli showed a great passion for music. His mother has said music was the only thing that would comfort him. At the age of 6, Bocelli started piano lessons, and later, also learned to play the flute, saxophone, trumpet, trombone, guitar and drums. Then, when his nanny, Oriana, gave him the first record of Franco Corelli, Bocelli began to show interest in pursuing the career of a tenor, by seven, he was able to recognize the famous voices of the time and tried to emulate the great interpreters. At the age of 12, Bocelli lost his sight completely following an accident during a football game and he was hit in the eye playing goalkeeper during a match and suffered a brain hemorrhage. Doctors resorted to leeches in an effort to save his sight, but they were unsuccessful. Bocelli also spent time singing during his childhood and he gave his first concert in a small village not far from where he was born. At the age of 14, Bocelli won his first song competition, after finishing secondary school in 1980, he studied law at the University of PisaAndrea Bocelli – Bocelli rehearsing for his Under the Desert Sky concert in Lake Las Vegas, 2006
8. Susan Boyle – Her first album was released in November 2009 and debuted as the number-one best-selling album on charts around the globe. Before she had finished the opening phrase, a standing ovation for Boyle had erupted. She received a media and Internet response. Within nine days of the audition, videos of Boyle—from the show, various interviews and she eventually finished in second place on the show behind dance troupe Diversity. Boyles debut album, I Dreamed a Dream, became the UKs best-selling debut album of all time, I Dreamed a Dream set a record for biggest first week sales by a debut album, according to the Official Chart Company in the United Kingdom. Topping the Billboard 200 for six weeks, it was the second best-selling album of 2009 in the US, in her first year of fame, Boyle made £5 million with the release of I Dreamed a Dream and its lead-off singles, I Dreamed a Dream and Wild Horses. Boyle subsequently released her fourth album Standing Ovation, The Greatest Songs from the Stage in 2012, her fifth album Home for Christmas in 2013, on 12 May 2012, Boyle returned to Britains Got Talent to perform as a guest in the final, singing Youll See. The following day, she performed at Windsor Castle for the Queens Diamond Jubilee Pageant singing Mull of Kintyre, Boyle played her first Susan Boyle in Concert solo tour in July 2013 with 7 concert dates in Scotland. Boyles net worth was estimated at £22 million in April 2012 and she is known for supporting various charitable causes, and has appeared on the UK charity telethons BBC Children in Need and Comic Relief. As of 2013, she had sold over 19 million albums worldwide, on 21 July 2014, Boyle carried the Queens Baton for the 2014 Commonwealth Games which would be held in Glasgow. She picked up the baton at Yorkhill Royal Hospital for Sick Children and then took it to show to children in one of the wards, on 23 July, Boyle performed Mull of Kintyre at the Opening Ceremony of the 2014 Commonwealth Games in front of the Queen. Boyle was raised in Blackburn, West Lothian and her father, Patrick Boyle, was a miner and veteran of the Second World War who also worked as a singer at the Bishops Blaize, her mother Bridget was a shorthand typist. Both her parents were born in Motherwell, Lanarkshire, but also have links to County Donegal in Ireland. Born when her mother was 45 years old, Boyle was the youngest of four brothers and she was raised thinking that she had been briefly deprived of oxygen during a difficult birth resulting in a learning disability. However, she was told in 2012-13 that she had been misdiagnosed and has Asperger syndrome with an IQ above average, Boyle says she was bullied as a child, and was nicknamed Susie Simple at school. Boyle took singing lessons from vocal coach Fred ONeil and she attended Edinburgh Acting School and took part in the Edinburgh Fringe. She had also auditioned several times for My Kind of People and she also long participated in her parish churchs pilgrimages to the Knock Shrine, County Mayo, Ireland, and sang there at the Marian basilica. Boyles repertoire through the included songs such as The Way We WereSusan Boyle – Susan Boyle in July 2013
9. Neko Case – Neko Richelle Case is an American singer-songwriter, best known for her solo career and her contributions as a member of the Canadian indie rock group The New Pornographers. Case, born in Alexandria, Virginia, is the daughter of Diana Mary Dubbs, Cases paternal family surname was originally Shevchenko. Her father, a Vietnam vet serving in the United States Air Force was based in Virginia when she was born, Cases parents, who were teenagers when they had her, were of Ukrainian ancestry. Her parents divorced when Case began school, Cases family traveled around while she was young. She has lived in Western Massachusetts, Vermont, Oregon and Washington, though she considers Tacoma, at 18 years of age, she worked as a drummer for the Del Logs and the Propanes, playing in venues including a punk club called the Community World Theater. She attended the Emily Carr Institute of Art and Design in Vancouver, in 1994, Case moved to Vancouver, British Columbia, to attend the Emily Carr Institute of Art and Design. While attending school she played drums in local bands, including the Del Logs, the Propanes, the Weasels, Cub. All of these bands were local punk groups except for Cub and The Weasels, a lot of women wanted to play music because they were inspired, because it was an incredibly good time for music in the Northwest. There was a lot of clubs, a lot of bands, a lot of coming through. In 1998, Case graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree and she left Canada for Seattle, Washington. Before leaving, Case recorded vocals for a few songs that ended up on Mass Romantic and her lead vocals on songs like Letter from an Occupant are straightforward, full-volume power-pop performances, entirely shedding any country elements. Released on November 28,2000, Mass Romantic became a surprise success, Case fully embraced country music on her 1997 album, The Virginian. The album contained original compositions as well as covers of songs by Ernest Tubb, Loretta Lynn, when the album was released, critics compared Case to honky-tonk singers like Lynn and Patsy Cline, and to rockabilly pioneer Wanda Jackson, particularly in her vocal timbre. On February 22,2000, Case released her solo album. The album introduced the country elements that have defined Cases subsequent solo career. That tone was evident even from the photo, featuring Case sprawled out corpse-like on a concrete floor. On the album itself, her vocal style moves away from outright honky-tonk but retains her twang, garnering comparisons to such as Cline, Lynn, Hazel Dickens, Tanya Tucker. The title track was included on the soundtrack to Sam Raimis film The Gift, Case sometimes tours with Canadian singer and songwriter Carolyn Mark as The Corn SistersNeko Case – Case performs at the 2012 Forecastle Festival in Louisville, Kentucky.
10. June Christy – June Christy was an American singer, known for her work in the cool jazz genre and for her silky smooth vocals. Her success as a singer began with The Stan Kenton Orchestra and she pursued a solo career from 1954 and is best known for her debut album Something Cool. After her death, she was hailed as one of the finest and most neglected singers of her time, shirley Luster was born in Springfield, Illinois. She moved with her parents Steve and Marie Luster to Decatur, Illinois and she began to sing with the Decatur-based Bill Oetzel Orchestra at thirteen. While attending Decatur High School she appeared with Oetzel and his society band, the Ben Bradley Band, after high school she moved to Chicago, changed her name to Sharon Leslie, and sang with a group led by Boyd Raeburn. Later she joined Benny Strongs band, in 1944, Strongs band moved to New York City at the same time Christy was quarantined in Chicago with scarlet fever. In 1945, after hearing that Anita ODay had left Stan Kentons Orchestra, during this time, she changed her name once again, becoming June Christy. Her voice produced successful hits such as Shoo Fly Pie and Apple Pan Dowdy, the million-selling Tampico in 1945, when the Kenton Band temporarily disbanded in 1948, she sang in nightclubs for a short time, and reunited with the band two years later. Christy appeared as guest vocalist on Kentons albums Artistry in Rhythm, Encores, Innovations in Modern Music and Stan Kenton Presents, Stan Kenton Classics, beginning on September 28,1959, Christy began a five-week road tour of 38 performances called Road Show. The all-star billing, Stan Kenton and his orchestra, June Christy, capitol recorded highlights on October 10 at Purdue University in Lafayette, Indiana, for a two-disc LP, reissued in 1988 on CD. From 1947, she started to work on her own records, Something Cool was re-released as a 12 LP in 1955 with additional selections, and then entirely rerecorded in stereo in 1960 with a somewhat different personnel. Christy would later say that the album was the only thing Ive recorded that Im not unhappy with. Something Cool was also important in launching the vocal cool movement of the 1950s and she also appeared on the first sponsored jazz concert on television, The Timex All-Star Jazz Show I, which also featured Louis Armstrong, Carmen McRae, Duke Ellington and Gene Krupa. Christy embarked on dozens of concert tours, playing in Europe, South Africa, Australia and she toured to such an extent that eventually it began taking a toll on her marriage. She began to back from touring in the early 1960s. Her greatest moments—the heartbreaking Something Cool itself, Midnight Sun, I Should Care—are as close to creating definitive interpretations as any singer can come, Christy was married to Bob Cooper. In 1954, she gave birth to a daughter, Shay Christy Cooper and she had one brother Jack A. Luster. Christy semi-retired from the business in 1969, in part due to her battle with alcoholismJune Christy – June Christy at the Club Troubador, New York, ca. 1947
11. Patsy Cline – Patsy Cline was an American country music singer. Part of the late 1950s/early 1960s Nashville sound, Cline successfully crossed over to pop music and was one of the most influential, successful and she died at the age of 30 in a multiple-fatality crash of the private plane of her manager, Randy Hughes. Cline was known for her tone, emotionally expressive and bold contralto voice. Along with Kitty Wells, she helped pave the way for women as performers in the genre. Books, movies, documentaries, articles and stage plays document her life, millions of her records have sold since her death. She won awards and accolades, causing many to view her as an icon at the level of Jim Reeves, Johnny Cash, in 1973, ten years after her death, she became the first female solo artist inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame. In 1999, she was voted number 11 on VH1s special, The 100 Greatest Women in Rock and Roll, by members, according to her 1973 Country Music Hall of Fame plaque, Her heritage of timeless recordings is testimony to her artistic capacity. She was born Virginia Patterson Hensley on September 8,1932, in Winchester, Virginia and she was the eldest child of seamstress Hilda Virginia and blacksmith Samuel Lawrence Hensley. She soon had a brother and sister, Samuel Jr. They were known in the family as Ginny, John, the family moved often before finally settling in Winchester, Virginia, when Patsy was eight. Sam Hensley deserted his family in 1947, but the home was reportedly happy nonetheless. Cline was introduced to music at an age, singing in church with her mother. She liked stars such as Kay Starr, Jo Stafford, Hank Williams, Judy Garland, self-taught, she could not read music. When Patsy was thirteen, she was hospitalized with a throat infection, the fever affected my throat and when I recovered I had this booming voice like Kate Smith. After watching performers through the window at the radio station, she asked WINC disc jockey. Her performance in 1947 was well received, and she was asked back and this led to appearances at local nightclubs, wearing fringed Western outfits her mother made from Patsys designs. Cline performed in variety and talent shows in the Winchester and Tri-State areas, along with this and increasing local radio appearances on local radio, she gained a large following. In 1954 Jimmy Dean, already a young star, heard of herPatsy Cline – Patsy Cline at 4 Star Records in March 1957
12. Rosemary Clooney – Rosemary Clooney was an American singer and actress. She also had success as a jazz vocalist and she continued recording until her death in 2002. Rosemary Clooney was born in Maysville, Kentucky, the daughter of Marie Frances and she was one of five children. Her father was of Irish and German descent and her mother was of Irish and English ancestry, when Clooney was 15, her mother and brother Nick moved to California. She and her sister Betty remained with their father, the family resided in the John Brett Richeson House in the late 1940s. Rosemary and Betty became entertainers, whereas Nick became a newsman, in 1945, the Clooney sisters won a spot on Cincinnati, Ohios radio station WLW as singers. Her sister Betty sang in a duo with Rosemary for much of the early career. Clooneys first recordings, in May 1946, were for Columbia Records and she sang with Tony Pastors big band. Clooney continued working with the Pastor band until 1949, making her last recording with the band in May of that year and her first as a solo artist a month later, in 1950–51 she was a regular on the radio and television versions of Songs For Sale on CBS. In 1951, her record of Come On-a My House, produced by Mitch Miller and it was her first of many singles to hit the charts—despite the fact that Clooney hated the song passionately. She had been told by Columbia Records to record the song, Clooney recorded several duets with Marlene Dietrich and appeared in the early 1950s on Faye Emersons Wonderful Town series on CBS. Clooney also did several guest appearances on the Arthur Godfrey radio show and they did duets as he played his ukulele, and other times she would sing one of her latest hits. In 1954, she starred, along with Bing Crosby, Danny Kaye and she starred, in 1956, in a half-hour syndicated television musical-variety show The Rosemary Clooney Show. The show featured The Hi-Los singing group and Nelson Riddles orchestra, the following year, the show moved to NBC prime time as The Lux Show Starring Rosemary Clooney but only lasted one season. The new show featured the singing group The Modernaires and Frank DeVols orchestra, in later years, Clooney would often appear with Bing Crosby on television, such as in the 1957 special The Edsel Show, and the two friends made a concert tour of Ireland together. On November 21,1957, she appeared on NBCs The Ford Show, Starring Tennessee Ernie Ford, in 1960, Clooney and Crosby co-starred in a 20-minute CBS radio program aired before the midday news each weekday. Clooney left Columbia Records in 1958, doing a number of recordings for MGM Records, finally, toward the end of 1958, she signed with RCA Victor Records, where she stayed until 1963. In 1964, she went to Reprise Records, and in 1965 to Dot Records, upon her recovery from a nervous breakdown in 1968, Clooney signed with United Artists Records in 1976 for two albumsRosemary Clooney – Clooney in 1954
13. Joyce Cobb – Joyce Cobb is an American singer specializing in jazz and R&B. She is closely associated with blues and jazz artists, most specifically being in the style and lineage of Memphis Minnie, Bessie Smith, Billie Holiday. Joyce Cobb was born on June 2,1945 in Okmulgee, Oklahoma, in 1955 her family moved to Nashville, Tennessee, when her father was hired at Tennessee State University as the head of the Health and physical education department. Her parents owned a record collection of music that was influential on her at a young age. Her first vocal training during that time was at Cathedral of the Incarnation, during grade and high school this mainly consisted of singing requiems and she sang in the girls glee club and choir during that time also, Cobb had 14 years of private piano training. From 1963 to 1967 she attended Central State University and acquired a degree in Social Welfare. Her professional music career started in Dayton, Ohio singing with different blues, while pursuing a masters degree at Wright State University in social work by day, she was singing in clubs at night. She was offered a gig singing in duo with Bill Temme for Ramada Inn hotels. Between 1969 and 1971 Cobb was on Ramada Inns Midwest circuit for entertainment, performing in duo under the title Joyce and William Duo both singing and playing guitars. After two and a half working for the Ramada hotel chain she returned to Nashville in 1971 and worked in a variety of musical genres appearing at Opryland, on radio. She was one of the first acts at Opryland USA in 1972 and was voted Best Performer in 1974 and she became a regular fixture on WSM-AM radios The Waking Crew with Ralph Emery, in addition to the Ralph Emery Show on NBC affiliate WSMV-TV, broadcasting out of Nashville. She also was a regular guest on Teddy Barts The Noon Show and this first country music single was to launch her career, it was the last time she would record in that genre. Due to her success in country music with a promising hit single, in 1976 she was signed with Stax Records. Unfortunately the label was in decline at this time and went out of business shortly after she moved to Memphis, I said, Oh, I want to stay here. Shortly after her move to Memphis Al Bennett acquired Hi Records in 1977, Cream produced a different set of artists than Cobb started with in Nashville, they had a solid reputation making soul, R&B, and disco recordings. With Cream, she first recorded a Top 40 hit single in 1979 with her original tune Dig The Gold and it was distributed in North America under for the Cream label and sold in Europe under the Polydor label. The single showed her versatility as both a performer and writer, a reggae style song that was put to a funk/disco beat, Dig The Gold charted to #42 for Billboard and #10 for Cashbox giving her a first real success as an internationally recognized pop artist. With her reputation growing as a pop singer and writer who could handle a variety of stylesJoyce Cobb – Joyce Cobb, 2007
14. Chris Connor – Chris Connor was an American jazz singer. She was born as Mary Jean Loutsenhizer in Kansas City, Missouri, to Clyde Loutsenhizer and she became proficient on the clarinet, having studied for eight years throughout junior high and high school. Following the death of her mother Mabel in 1941, her father and she moved in with her married older sister, who took over the responsibility of raising her. She first sang publicly in 1945, at the Jefferson City Junior Colleges graduation and she performed the song Amor and it was well received. After the positive response she received from the audience, she decided to pursue a singing career full-time, initially, she stayed within the parameters of the Kansas City area, working during the day as a stenographer and singing on weekends. Her first professional job was with the University of Missouri college band playing various functions in the Columbia area and she moved between local bands from 1946–47, and, in 1948, she moved to New York City with the intention of having a glamorous career. Unable to find a job, she became an office stenographer. She spent the seven weeks trying to secure any kind of singing job. Those weeks were quite difficult for Connor, as she was kicked out of the hotel where she was staying, and she met a man acquainted with orchestra leader Claude Thornhills road manager, Joe Green. Thornhill was seeking a new singer to round out his vocal group and she successfully auditioned and joined Thornhills group, touring around the United States and recording harmonies in the studio. Of her time spent with the Snowflakes, there is evidence of her vocal contribution on two recorded songs, Theres a Small Hotel and I Dont Know Why, both performed in 1949. She also reunited with Claude Thornhill in October 1952 for a radio broadcast from the Statler Hotel in New York City and she sang four songs, Wish You Were Here, Come Rain or Come Shine, Sorta Kinda, and Who Are We to Say. In February 1953, when Connor was singing on a radio broadcast from the Roosevelt Hotel, June Christy, was listening to the radio. By 1952, Kenton had rotated several female singers as replacements, in late 1952, Christy returned to the Kenton band for some sporadic engagements. When she informed Kenton again of her departure to pursue a solo career, she remembered Chris Connor. Connor auditioned and began touring and recording for the Stan Kenton band in February 1953, on February 11,1953, Connor recorded her first sides with the Stan Kenton band. Her first song, And The Bull Walked Around, Ole, additional songs Connor sang on the road were Taking A Chance On Love, Dont Worry About Me, Ill Remember April and There Will Never Be Another You. On her live dates with the band, Thornhill often introduced her as Chris Connors, by June 1953, Connor found the constant traveling and vocal demands of nightly performances exhaustingChris Connor – Connor in 1957.
15. Bing Crosby – Harry Lillis Bing Crosby, Jr. was an American singer and actor. The first multimedia star, from 1931 to 1954 Crosby was a leader in sales, radio ratings. His early career coincided with technical recording innovations such as the microphone and this allowed him to develop a laid-back, intimate singing style that influenced many of the popular male singers who followed him, including Perry Como, Frank Sinatra, Dick Haymes, and Dean Martin. Also in 1948, the Music Digest estimated that Crosby recordings filled more than half of the 80,000 weekly hours allocated to recorded radio music, in 1963, Crosby received the first Grammy Global Achievement Award. He is one of only 33 people to have three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, in the categories of motion pictures, radio, Crosby influenced the development of the postwar recording industry. He became the first performer to pre-record his radio shows and master his commercial recordings onto magnetic tape. In addition to his work with early tape recording, he helped to finance the development of videotape, bought television stations, bred racehorses, Crosby died at the age of 74 on October 14,1977, from a sudden heart attack in Alcobendas, Spain. Crosby was born on May 2,1903 in Tacoma, Washington, in 1906, Crosbys family moved to Spokane, and in 1913, Crosbys father built a house at 508 E. Sharp Avenue. The house now sits on the campus of Crosbys alma mater Gonzaga University and he was the fourth of seven children, brothers Larry, Everett, Ted, and Bob, and two sisters, Catherine and Mary Rose. His parents were Harry Lowe Crosby, Sr. a bookkeeper, Crosbys mother was a second generation Irish-American. In 1910, seven-year-old Harry Crosby Jr. was forever renamed, the Sunday edition of the Spokesman-Review published a feature called The Bingville Bugle. Written by humorist Newton Newkirk, The Bingville Bugle was a parody of a hillbilly newsletter filled with gossipy tidbits, minstrel quips, creative spelling, and mock ads. A neighbor, 15-year-old Valentine Hobart, shared Crosbys enthusiasm for The Bugle, and noting Crosbys laugh, took a liking to him, eventually, the last vowel was dropped and the nickname stuck. Crosby later described Jolsons delivery as electric, Crosby graduated from Gonzaga High School in 1920 and enrolled at Gonzaga University. He attended Gonzaga for three years, but did not earn a bachelors degree, as a freshman, he played on the universitys baseball team. The university granted him a doctorate in 1937. In 1923, Crosby was invited to join a new band composed of school students a few years younger than himself. Al Rinker, Miles Rinker, James Heaton, Claire Pritchard and Robert Pritchard, along with drummer Crosby, formed the Musicaladers, the group performed on Spokane radio station KHQ, but disbanded after two yearsBing Crosby – Bing Crosby, c. 1930s
16. Doris Day – Doris Day is a retired American actress and singer, and continuing animal welfare activist. After she began her career as a big band singer in 1939, her popularity increased with her first hit recording Sentimental Journey, in 1948, Day was given a key part in the film Romance on the High Seas, despite not having any acting experience. Its director, Michael Curtiz, gave her the part since she looked like the All-American Girl and it led to a 20-year career in film, including a string of musicals and romantic comedies beginning in the 1950s. She starred with leading men such as Clark Gable in Teachers Pet, Rock Hudson in Pillow Talk and Send Me No Flowers, Cary Grant in That Touch of Mink and she was usually one of the top 10 singers between 1951 and 1966. As an actress, she became the biggest female star in the early 1960s. In 2011 – well into her late 80s – she released her 29th studio album, My Heart, among her awards, Day has received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and a Legend Award from the Society of Singers. She has been Oscar nominated six times, and in 1989 was given the Cecil B, deMille Award for lifetime achievement in motion pictures. In 2004, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom followed in 2011 by the Los Angeles Film Critics Associations Career Achievement Award. Doris Mary Ann Kappelhoff was born on April 3,1922, in Cincinnati, Ohio, the daughter of Alma Sophia, a housewife, and William Joseph Kappelhoff, All of her grandparents were German immigrants. The youngest of three siblings, she had two brothers, Richard and Paul, several years older. Due to her fathers alleged infidelity, her parents separated and she developed an early interest in dance, and in the mid-1930s formed a dance duo with Jerry Doherty that performed locally in Cincinnati. A car accident on October 13,1937, injured her legs, while recovering, Day started to sing along with the radio and discovered a talent she did not know she had. But the one radio voice I listened to above others belonged to Ella Fitzgerald. There was a quality to her voice that fascinated me, and Id sing along with her, trying to catch the subtle ways she shaded her voice, observing her daughter rekindled Almas interest in show business, and she decided to give Doris singing lessons. She engaged a teacher, Grace Raine, after three lessons, Raine told Alma that young Doris had tremendous potential, which led Alma to give her daughter three lessons a week for the price of one. Years later, Day said that Raine had the biggest effect on her singing style, during her radio performances, Day first caught the attention of Barney Rapp, who was looking for a girl vocalist and asked if Day would like to audition for the job. According to Rapp, he had auditioned about 200 singers when Day got the job, while working for Rapp in 1939, she adopted the stage surname Day, at Rapps suggestion. Rapp felt that Kappelhoff was too long for marquees, and he admired her rendition of the song Day After Day, after working with Rapp, Day worked with bandleaders Jimmy James, Bob Crosby, and Les BrownDoris Day – Publicity photo, 1957
17. Lana Del Rey – Elizabeth Woolridge Grant, better known by her stage name Lana Del Rey, is an American singer, songwriter, and model. Her music has been noted for its style, its preoccupation with themes of tragic romance and melancholia. Del Rey received further recognition after her major-label debut Born to Die peaked at two on the United States charts and was the fifth best-selling album of 2012. Three of the EPs tracks were featured in her short film Tropico, in 2014, Del Rey released her third studio album, Ultraviolence, which received positive critical and commercial reception, it became her first number-one record in the United States. In 2015, following a North American tour with Courtney Love and Grimes, Del Rey released her studio album. It also received critical and commercial response, the album had the fourth highest first week sales by a female artist in 2015. Del Rey is set to release her studio album, titled Lust for Life. She has one sister, Caroline Grant, and one brother. Her paternal grandfather, Robert England Grant, Sr. was a Kidder, Peabody & Co. investment banker, a president for Plough, Inc and Textron. Del Rey grew up in rural Lake Placid, New York, and attended a Catholic elementary school and for one year and she began singing in her church choir when she was a child, where she was the cantor. At age fifteen, she was sent to Kent School by her parents to deal with her rampant alcohol abuse, her uncle, before becoming a singer, Del Rey wanted to be a poet. As a child, her father wrote country songs for personal enjoyment, while her mother was interested in singing, during this time, Del Reys uncle taught her how to play guitar, and she realized could probably write a million songs with those six chords. Shortly after, she began writing songs and performing in nightclubs around the city under various names such as Sparkle Jump Rope Queen and Lizzy Grant, I was always singing, but didnt plan on pursuing it seriously, Del Rey said. The following fall, she enrolled at Fordham University where she majored in philosophy, Del Rey said she chose to study the subject because it bridged the gap between God and science. I was interested in God and how technology could bring us closer to finding out where we came from, according to Del Rey, she had trouble making friends in boarding school and college, and said, that was when my musical experience began. I kind of people for myself. After college, she moved to Brooklyn, where she resided for four years. On April 25,2005, a compact disc was registered under Elizabeth Woolridge Grant with the United States Copyright OfficeLana Del Rey – Del Rey performing during the Planeta Terra Music Festival in Brazil, 2013
18. Vaughn De Leath – Vaughn De Leath was an American female singer who gained popularity in the 1920s, earning the sobriquets The Original Radio Girl and the First Lady of Radio. Although very popular in the 1920s, De Leath is obscure in modern times, De Leath was an early exponent of a style of vocalizing known as crooning. One of her hit songs, Are You Lonesome Tonight, recorded in 1927, achieved fame when it became a hit for Elvis Presley in 1960. Born Leonore Vonderlieth in the town of Mount Pulaski, Illinois in 1894, her parents were George, at age 12, Leonore relocated to Los Angeles with her mother and sister, where she finished high school and studied music. While at Mills College, she began writing songs, but dropped out to pursue a singing career and she then adopted the stage name Vaughn De Leath. Her vocals ranged from soprano to deep contralto, De Leath adapted to the emerging, less restrictive jazz vocal style of the late 1910s and early 1920s. In January 1920, inventor and radio pioneer Lee DeForest brought her to the studio of his station, 2XG, located in New York Citys Worlds Tower. Although not, as is stated, the first broadcast of live singing, she established herself as a skilled radio performer. Her voice and her cordial, unassuming microphone presence were ideally suited to the novel task, without instruction she seemed to sense exactly what was necessary in song and patter to successfully put herself across. By 1921, in the years of commercial radio, De Leath began singing at WJZ, in Newark. She also performed on the New York stage in the early to mid-1920s, but radio became her primary medium and her recording career began in 1921. Over the next decade she recorded for a number of labels, including Edison, Columbia, Okeh, Gennett, Victor and she occasionally recorded for major label subsidiaries under various pseudonyms. These included Gloria Geer, Mamie Lee, Sadie Green, Betty Brown, Nancy Foster, Marion Ross, Glory Clark, Angelina Marco, and Gertrude Dwyer. De Leath had a versatile range of styles, and as material required could adapt as a serious balladeer, playful girl, vampish coquette. De Leath also recorded songs for silent films, and composed songs, such as Oliver Twist, written by the singer herself and she demonstrated a high level of instrumental ability on the ukulele, and occasionally accompanied herself on recordings. In performance she played banjo, guitar, and piano and she also recorded ukulele instruction records on YouTube. In 1923, she one of the first women to manage a radio station, WDT in New York City. In 1928, she appeared on a television broadcastVaughn De Leath – Vaughn De Leath in the 1920s
19. Marlene Dietrich – Marie Magdalene Marlene Dietrich was a German actress and singer who held both German and American citizenship. Throughout her unusually long career, which spanned from the 1910s to the 1980s, in the 1920s in Berlin, Dietrich acted on the stage and in silent films. Her performance as Lola-Lola in The Blue Angel brought her international fame, Dietrich starred in Hollywood films such as Morocco, Shanghai Express, and Desire. She successfully traded on her glamorous persona and exotic looks, throughout World War II, she was a high-profile entertainer in the United States. Although she still made occasional films after the war, Dietrich spent most of the 1950s to the 1970s touring the world as a marquee live-show performer. Dietrich was noted for her efforts during the war, housing German and French exiles, providing financial support. For her work on improving morale on the front lines during the war, she received honors from the United States, France, Belgium. In 1999, the American Film Institute named Dietrich the ninth-greatest female star of classic Hollywood cinema, Dietrich was born on 27 December 1901 on Leberstraße 65 in the neighborhood of Rote Insel in Schöneberg, now a district of Berlin. She was the younger of two daughters of Wilhelmina Elisabeth Josephine and Louis Erich Otto Dietrich, who married in December 1898, Dietrichs mother was from an affluent Berlin family who owned a jewelry and clock making firm. Her father was a lieutenant who died in 1907. Von Losch never officially adopted the Dietrich girls, so Dietrichs surname was never von Losch, Dietrichs family nicknamed her Lena and Lene. Around age 11, she contracted her two first names to form the name Marlene, Dietrich attended the Auguste-Viktoria Girls School from 1907 to 1917 and graduated from the Victoria-Luise-Schule in 1918. She studied the violin and became interested in theater and poetry as a teenager. Her dreams of becoming a concert violinist were curtailed by a wrist injury and she was fired after only four weeks. Her earliest professional stage appearances were as a girl on tour with Guido Thielschers Girl-Kabarett vaudeville-style entertainments. She did not attract any attention at first. She made her film debut playing a bit part in the film The Little Napoleon and she met her future husband, Rudolf Sieber, on the set of Tragödie der Liebe in 1923. Dietrich and Sieber were married in a ceremony in Berlin on 17 May 1923Marlene Dietrich – Dietrich in her breakthrough role, Lola-Lola in Der blaue Engel (The Blue Angel)
20. Ruth Etting – Ruth Etting was an American singing star and actress of the 1920s and 1930s, who had over 60 hit recordings and worked in stage, radio, and film. Known as Americas sweetheart of song, her signature tunes were Shine On, Harvest Moon, Ten Cents a Dance and her other popular recordings included Button Up Your Overcoat, Mean to Me, Exactly Like You and Shaking the Blues Away. As a young girl in Nebraska, Etting had wanted to be an artist, she drew, at sixteen, her grandparents decided to send her to art school in Chicago. While Etting attended class, she found a job at the Marigold Gardens nightclub, after a time there. Etting, who enjoyed singing in school and church, never took voice lessons and she quickly became a featured vocalist at the club. Etting was then managed by Moe Snyder, whom she married in 1922, Snyder made arrangements for Ettings recording and film contracts as well as her personal and radio appearances. She became nationally known when she appeared in Flo Ziegfelds Follies of 1927, Etting intended to retire from performing in 1935, but this did not happen until after her divorce from Snyder in 1937. Harry Myrl Alderman, Ettings pianist, was separated from his wife when he, Snyder did not like seeing his former wife in the company of other men and began making telephone threats to Etting in January 1938. By October, Snyder traveled to Los Angeles and detained Alderman after he left a local radio station, saying he intended to kill Etting, Alderman, and his own daughter, Edith, who worked for Etting, Snyder shot Alderman. Three days after Alderman was shot, his wife filed suit against Etting for alienation of affections, while Alderman and Etting claimed to have been married in Mexico in July 1938, Aldermans divorce would not be final until December of that year. The couple was married during Moe Snyders trial for attempted murder in December 1938, Etting and Alderman relocated to a farm outside of Colorado Springs, Colorado, where they were primarily out of the spotlight for most of their lives. Her fictionalized story was told in the 1955 film Love Me Or Leave Me with Doris Day as Ruth Etting, Etting was born in David City, Nebraska in 1897 to Alfred, a banker, and Winifred Etting. Her mother died when she was five years old and she went to live with her paternal grandparents, George. Her father remarried and moved away from David City and was no longer a part of his daughters life. Ettings grandfather, George, owned the Etting Roller Mills, to the delight of his granddaughter, George Etting allowed traveling circuses, Etting was interested in drawing at an early age, she drew and sketched anywhere she was able. Her grandparents were asked to buy the textbooks she had used at the end of a school term because Etting had filled them with her drawings and she left David City at the age of sixteen to attend art school in Chicago. Etting got a job designing costumes at the Marigold Gardens nightclub and she gave up art school soon after going to work at Marigold Gardens. Before turning exclusively to performing, Etting worked as a designer for the owner of a shop in Chicagos LoopRuth Etting – Etting in 1937
21. Ella Fitzgerald – Ella Jane Fitzgerald was an American jazz singer often referred to as the First Lady of Song, Queen of Jazz and Lady Ella. She was noted for her purity of tone, impeccable diction, phrasing and intonation, Fitzgeralds rendition of the nursery rhyme A-Tisket, A-Tasket helped boost both her and Webb to national fame. Taking over the band after Webb died, Fitzgerald left it behind in 1942 to start a career that would last effectively the rest of her life. With Verve she recorded some of her more noted works. These partnerships produced recognizable songs like Dream a Little Dream of Me, Cheek to Cheek, Into Each Life Some Rain Must Fall, in 1993, Fitzgerald capped off her sixty-year career with her last public performance. Three years later, she died at the age of 79, Fitzgerald was born on April 25,1917, in Newport News, Virginia, the daughter of William Fitzgerald and Temperance Tempie Fitzgerald. Her parents were unmarried but lived together for at least two and a years after she was born. Initially living in a room, her mother and Da Silva soon found jobs. Her half-sister, Frances Da Silva, was born in 1923, by 1925, Fitzgerald and her family had moved to nearby School Street, then a predominantly poor Italian area. She began her education at the age of six and proved to be an outstanding student. Fitzgerald had been passionate about dancing from third grade, being a fan of Earl Snakehips Tucker in particular, Fitzgerald and her family were Methodists and were active in the Bethany African Methodist Episcopal Church, and she regularly attended worship services, Bible study, and Sunday school. The church provided Fitzgerald with her earliest experiences in music making. During this period Fitzgerald listened to recordings by Louis Armstrong, Bing Crosby. Fitzgerald idolized the Boswell Sisters lead singer Connee Boswell, later saying, My mother brought home one of her records, in 1932, her mother died from serious injuries she received in a car accident when Fitzgerald was 15 years of age. This left her at first in the care of her stepfather but before the end of April 1933, following these traumas, Fitzgerald began skipping school and letting her grades suffer. During this period she worked at times as a lookout at a bordello, Ella Fitzgerald never talked publicly about this time in her life. When the authorities caught up with her, she was first placed in the Colored Orphan Asylum in Riverdale, in the Bronx. However, when the orphanage proved too crowded, she was moved to the New York Training School for Girls in Hudson, New York, eventually she escaped and for a time she was homelessElla Fitzgerald – Fitzgerald in November 1946
22. Judy Garland – Judy Garland was an American singer, actress, and vaudevillian. Garland began performing in vaudeville with her two sisters and was signed to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer as a teenager. She made more than two films with MGM, including nine with Mickey Rooney. Garlands most famous role was as Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz and her other roles at MGM included Meet Me in St. Louis, The Harvey Girls and Easter Parade. After 15 years, she was released from the studio and made record-breaking concert appearances, a recording career. Film appearances became fewer in her years, but included two Academy Award nominated performances in A Star Is Born and Judgment at Nuremberg. Garland received a Golden Globe Award, a Juvenile Academy Award, and a Special Tony Award, deMille Award for lifetime achievement in the film industry. She was the first woman to win a Grammy for Album of the Year for her recording of Judy at Carnegie Hall. In 1997, Garland was posthumously awarded a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, several of her recordings have been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. In 1999, the American Film Institute placed her among the 10 greatest female stars of classic American cinema, from an early age, Garland struggled in her personal life. The pressures of adolescent stardom sent her to a psychiatrist at age 18 and her self-image was influenced by film executives who said she was unattractive and manipulated her on-screen physical appearance. She was plagued by instability, often owing hundreds of thousands of dollars in back taxes. She married five times, with her first four marriages ending in divorce and she also had a long battle with drugs and alcohol, which ultimately led to her death from a barbiturate overdose at the age of 47. Garland was born Frances Ethel Gumm on June 10,1922, in Grand Rapids and she was the youngest child of Ethel Marion and Francis Avent Frank Gumm. Her parents were vaudevillians who settled in Grand Rapids to run a theater that featured vaudeville acts. She was of English, Scottish, and Irish ancestry, named after both of her parents and baptized at a local Episcopal church, baby shared her familys flair for song and dance. The Gumm Sisters performed there for the few years, accompanied by their mother on piano. The family relocated to Lancaster, California, in June 1926, Frank purchased and operated another theater in Lancaster, and Ethel began managing her daughters and working to get them into motion picturesJudy Garland – Garland's birthplace in Grand Rapids, Minnesota, now a museum
23. Dora Gerson – Dora Gerson was a Jewish German cabaret singer and motion picture actress of the silent film era who died with her family at Auschwitz concentration camp. The couple married in 1922 and divorced in 1924, harlan would later direct the anti-Semitic Nazi propaganda film Jud Süß at the insistence of Nazi Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels. Both films included Hungarian actor Béla Lugosi in the cast, both films are now lost films. Gerson continued to perform as a cabaret singer throughout the 1920s as well as acting in films. By 1933 however, when the Nazi Party came to power in Germany, blacklisted from performing in Aryan films, Gerson began recording music for a small Jewish record company. She also began recording in the Yiddish language during this time and she had married a second time to Max Sluizer. On 10 May 1940, Germany invaded the Netherlands and the Jews there were subject to the same anti-Semitic laws, after several years of living under oppressive Nazi occupation, the Gerson family began to plan to escape. In 1942, Gerson and her family were seized trying to flee to Switzerland, the family were sent by railroad car to transit camp Westerbork bound for the Nazi camp of Auschwitz in Nazi-occupied Poland. Dora, along with her husband and their two children, Miriam Sluizer and Abel Juda Sluizer, died at Auschwitz on 14 February 1943, dora Gerson at the Internet Movie DatabaseDora Gerson – Dora Gerson in circa 1922 publicity photograph
24. Christina Goh – Christina Goh is a French singer, songwriter and poet. The daughter of an Ivorian father and a mother from Martinique, Christina Goh was born in 1977 in Paris and she spent her life in Côte dIvoire and went to university in France but finally chose a musical career at the age of 23. Christina Goh, named La perle noire de lafro-blues, puts together African, caribbean and blues styles, in 2008, she created the Christina Goh Concept, which is an atypical Trio, djembe, guitar, voice or piano, guitar, voice. The djembe is always the rhythmic point of the presentation and its fusion with the electric guitar, whose blues accents translate the poetic characteristic of the concept, is atypical. In 2010, the musical album Christina Goh Concept was recorded in French West Indies, the ten-titled album on Plaza Mayor Company Ltd label made the world discover the concept on the web. Christina Goh wrote two collections of poems, le concept en poèmes, her second collection, is what she named a new experiment, where she explains in poems, the ten universes of the ten songs of the album Christina Goh Concept. In 2010, she was in concert in Avignon Festival Off, named the greatest theater of the world in France, invited by the Laurette TheaterChristina Goh – Christina Goh @ Gros-Morne podium Martinique
25. Beth Hart – Beth Hart is an American singer, songwriter and musician from Los Angeles, California, United States. She rose to fame with the release of her 1999 single LA Song from her second album Screamin for My Supper. The single was a one hit in New Zealand, as well as reaching top five on the US Adult Contemporary. Subsequent albums, namely Seesaw and Live In Amsterdam by Beth Hart and Joe Bonamassa, Harts release Bang Bang Boom Boom rose to number 3 on the Billboard Blues Album Chart, as well as the album Dont Explain by Hart and Bonamassa. The album Seesaw rose to number 8 on the Billboard Top Independent Album Chart, Hart has had two number 1 singles in Denmark As Good As It Gets and Learning To Live, as well a platinum selling album, Leave The Light On. Harts first album with Bonamassa, Dont Explain, went gold in the Netherlands, in 2014 Hart was nominated for a Grammy Award for Seesaw and she was also nominated for a Blues Music Award in the category Best Contemporary Blues Female Artist. While playing the Los Angeles clubs, Hart enlisted bassist Tal Herzberg, in 1993, Hart appeared on Ed McMahons Star Search several times, ultimately winning the Female Vocalist competition for that season. Beth Hart and the Ocean of Souls was recorded in 1993 and it includes Am I the One and a pop-rock cover of the Beatles Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds. The first released album with the Beth Hart Band was called Immortal and featured the single God Bless You. It also included Am I The One, a fan favorite that ended up on her first DVD that was released in 2005 and her next album, Screamin for My Supper, featured LA Song, a #1 hit in New Zealand and a top 5 Adult Contemporary chart hit. At the same time, Hart was singing the role in Love, Janis. The song also aired during Episode 17 of the 10th and final season of Beverly Hills,90210, Harts Leave the Light On was released in 2003. The single Learning To Live was a number 1 hit in Denmark, Learning to Live was also used as the theme song to Losing It With Jillian on NBC. Hart followed this up with her live album Live at Paradiso in 2005, which was recorded at a church in Amsterdam, Netherlands and released as a CD and it featured a variety of Harts self written songs and the cover of Whole Lotta Love by Led Zeppelin. Harts fourth solo album,37 Days was released in Europe in July 2007. It produced the number 1 single in Denmark As Good As It Gets,37 Days was also released as a DVD. A fifth solo album, My California was released in 2010. Hart delivered music to the end-scene of the last episode of Californication season 6, on August 23,2012, her song Take It Easy on Me from My California was used in the first episode of the eighth series of the BBC TV drama Waterloo RoadBeth Hart – Hart performing at San Diego Indie Music Fest, March 20, 2008
26. Kelly Hogan – Kelly Hogan is an American singer-songwriter, often known for her work as a member of Neko Cases backing band, as well as for her solo work. Hogan was born in Atlanta, Georgia, the daughter of a Vietnam War Army veteran helicopter pilot who went on to become a policeman, Hogans parents divorced, with her mother later remarrying and relocating to Rutledge, Georgia while her dad still lives in Douglasville, Georgia. Hogan is the oldest sister in her family, none of Hogans family are musicians. Music was constantly playing in her own home as well and she went to high school in Douglasville, Georgia. Although painfully shy, Hogan eventually auditioned for chorus, going to All State Chorus every year, in addition to being active in chorus and drama, Hogan said she started singing in bars when she was in high school. Hogan often goes by the moniker Hogan and she is an avid dog lover, and used to tend bar and tour accompanied by her late dog Augie. Hogan has a Jim Stacy lower-back tattoo that says singers get all the pussy. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Hogan sang with the cabaret, country, jazz, the Jody Grind toured with singer Robyn Hitchcock. The group disbanded two of its members were killed in a car crash. In the mid-1990s, Hogan joined the rock band Rock*A*Teens, another Cabbagetown area band, appearing on their 1996 EP. Kelly Hogan played guitar and sang backing vocals in the band from 1994 to 1997, after the release of Cry, Hogan left the Rock*A*Teens and relocated from Atlanta to Chicago. Her debut solo record, The Whistle Only Dogs Can Hear was released in 1996, Hogan released her first record for Bloodshot Records entitled Beneath the Country Underdog in 2000. The record, brilliantly intuitive readings of other songs, was produced by Jon Langford. The Pine Valley Cosmonauts were her backing band and her second solo Bloodshot release, Because It Feel Good, was released in 2001 and was produced by Hogan and former Sugar bassist David Barbe. Hogan released her most recent solo record—and first record in 11 years, I Like To Keep Myself In Pain, on ANTI- in 2013. The album is a collection of songs written for her or chosen for her by songwriter friends Andrew Bird, Vic Chesnutt, Jon Langford, Stephin Merritt, M. Ward. The title track was written by Robyn Hitchcock, for the recording of this record, a dream-team band was assembled, organist Booker T. Jones, drummer James Gadson, bassist Gabe Roth, guitarist Scott Ligon. They recorded at EastWest Studios in Hollywood, California, Hogan appears on records by Mavis Staples, the Mekons, Will Oldham, Matt Pond PA, Amy Ray, Giant Sand, Archer Prewitt, Alejandro Escovedo, Drive-By Truckers, Jakob Dylan, Tortoise, among othersKelly Hogan – Kelly Hogan
27. Billie Holiday – Eleanora Fagan, professionally known as Billie Holiday, was an American jazz musician and singer-songwriter with a career spanning nearly thirty years. Nicknamed Lady Day by her friend and music partner Lester Young, Holiday had a influence on jazz music. Her vocal style, strongly inspired by jazz instrumentalists, pioneered a new way of manipulating phrasing and she was known for her vocal delivery and improvisational skills, which made up for her limited range and lack of formal music education. There were other singers with equal talent, but Holiday had a voice that captured the attention of her audience. After a turbulent childhood, Holiday began singing in nightclubs in Harlem, where she was heard by the producer John Hammond and she signed a recording contract with Brunswick Records in 1935. Collaborations with Teddy Wilson yielded the hit What a Little Moonlight Can Do, Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, Holiday had mainstream success on labels such as Columbia Records and Decca Records. By the late 1940s, however, she was beset with legal troubles, after a short prison sentence, she performed a sold-out concert at Carnegie Hall, but her reputation deteriorated because of her drug and alcohol problems. Her final recordings were met with mixed reaction to her voice but were mild commercial successes. Her final album, Lady in Satin, was released in 1958, Holiday died of cirrhosis of the liver in 1959. A posthumous album, Last Recording, was released following her death, much of Holidays material has been rereleased since her death. She is considered a performer with an ongoing influence on American music. She is the recipient of four Grammy awards, all of them posthumous awards for Best Historical Album, Holiday herself was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1973. Lady Sings the Blues, a film about her life, starring Diana Ross, was released in 1972, Eleanora Fagan was born on April 7,1915, in Philadelphia, the daughter of Sarah Julia Sadie Fagan and Clarence Holiday, an unmarried teenaged couple. Her father did not live with her mother, not long after Eleanora was born, Clarence abandoned his family to pursue a career as a jazz banjo player and guitarist. Sarah moved to Philadelphia at age 19, after she was evicted from her parents home in the Sandtown-Winchester neighborhood of Baltimore, Maryland, for becoming pregnant. With no support from her parents, she made arrangements with her older, married half-sister, Eva Miller, the child was of African-American ancestry and was also said to have had Irish ancestors through her mothers mixed heritage. Her mother often took what were known as transportation jobs. Holidays autobiography, Lady Sings the Blues, first published in 1956, is sketchy on details of her early life, some historians have disputed Holidays paternity, as a copy of her birth certificate in the Baltimore archives lists the father as a man named Frank DeVieseBillie Holiday – At the Downbeat club, in New York. c. February 1947
28. Judy Holliday – Judy Holliday was an American actress, comedian, and singer. She began her career as part of an act before working in Broadway plays. She appeared regularly in films during the 1950s and she was noted for her performance on Broadway in the musical Bells Are Ringing, winning a Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical and reprising her role in the 1960 film. In 1952, Holliday was called to testify before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee to answer claims she was associated with communism. Holliday was born Judith Tuvim in New York City, she was the child of Abe Tuvim and Helen Tuvim. Her father was the Executive Director of the Foundation for the Jewish National Fund of America and she grew up in Sunnyside, Queens, New York, and graduated from Julia Richman High School. Hollidays first job was as an assistant switchboard operator at the Mercury Theatre run by Orson Welles, Holliday began her show business career in 1938 as part of a night-club act called The Revuers. The other members of the group were Betty Comden, Adolph Green, Alvin Hammer, John Frank, the Revuers played engagements at various New York night clubs including the Village Vanguard, Spivys Roof, Blue Angel, Rainbow Room, and Trocadero in Hollywood, California. The group disbanded in early 1944, in 1944, she played a small, but noticeable role as an airmans wife in the Twentieth Century Fox film version of the U. S. Army Air Forces hit play Winged Victory. She did not appear in the version, which toured the U. S. both before and after production of the film. Holliday made her Broadway debut on March 20,1945 at the Belasco Theatre in Kiss Them for Me and was one of the recipients that year of the Clarence Derwent Award, in 1946, she returned to Broadway as the scatterbrained Billie Dawn in Born Yesterday. Author Garson Kanin wrote the play for Jean Arthur, who played the role of Billie out-of-town, Kanin then selected Holliday, two decades Arthurs junior, as her replacement. In his book Tracy and Hepburn, Kanin mentions that when Columbia bought the rights to the film Born Yesterday, Kanin, along with George Cukor, Spencer Tracy, and Katharine Hepburn conspired to promote Holliday by offering her a key part in the 1949 film Adams Rib. She received rave reviews for her performance in Born Yesterday on Broadway, and Cohn offered her the chance to repeat her role for the film version, but only after she did a screen test. In 1954, she starred opposite then-newcomer Jack Lemmon in his first two films, the popular comedies It Should Happen to You and Phffft. George Cukor said Holliday had, In common with the great comedians. that depth of emotion, that unexpectedly touching emotion, in 1950, Holliday was the subject of an FBI investigation looking into allegations she was a Communist. The investigation did not reveal positive evidence of any membership in the Communist Party and was concluded after three months, unlike many others tainted by the Communist investigation. In 1952, she was called to testify before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee to explain why her name had been linked to Communist front organizations and she was advised to play dumb, which she did very wellJudy Holliday – Judy Holliday in 1950.
29. Libby Holman – Elizabeth Lloyd Holzman, best known as Libby Holman, was an American torch singer and stage actress who also achieved notoriety for her complex and unconventional personal life. Elizabeth Lloyd Holzman was born May 23,1904, in Cincinnati, Ohio to a Jewish lawyer and stockbroker, Alfred Holzman and his wife and their other children were daughter Marion H. Holzman and son Alfred Paul Holzman. In 1904, the family grew destitute after Holmans uncle Ross Holzman embezzled nearly $1 million of their stock brokerage business. At some point, Alfred changed the name from Holzman to Holman. She graduated from Hughes High School on June 11,1920 and she graduated from the University of Cincinnati on June 16,1923, with a Bachelor of Arts degree. Holman later subtracted two years from her age, insisting she was born in 1906, the year she gave the Social Security Administration as the year of her birth. In the summer of 1924, Holman left for New York City and her first theater job in New York was in the road company of The Fool. Channing Pollock, the writer of The Fool, recognized Holmans talents immediately and she followed Pollocks advice and soon became a star. An early stage colleague who became a close friend was future film star Clifton Webb. He gave her the nickname, The Statue of Libby and her Broadway theatre debut was in the play The Sapphire Ring in 1925 at the Selwyn Theatre, which closed after thirteen performances. She was billed as Elizabeth Holman, also in that show, she sang the Kay Swift and Paul James song, Cant We Be Friends. The following year, Holman introduced the Howard Dietz and Arthur Schwartz standard Something to Remember You By in the show Threes a Crowd, which also starred Allen and Webb. One of Holmans signature looks was the dress, which she has been credited with having invented. Holman was married three times, and had a variety of relationships with both men and women throughout her lifetime. Her famous lesbian lovers included the DuPont heiress Louisa dAndelot Carpenter, actress Jeanne Eagels, Carpenter was to play a significant part throughout Holmans lifetime. They raised their children and lived together and were accepted by their theater companions. She scandalized some by dating younger men, such as fellow American actor Montgomery Clift. Holman took an interest in one fan, Zachary Smith Reynolds and he was smitten with her from the start, despite their seven-year age differenceLibby Holman – Libby Holman
30. Lena Horne – Lena Mary Calhoun Horne was an American jazz and pop music singer, dancer, actress, and civil rights activist. Hornes career spanned over 70 years appearing in film, television, because of the Red Scare and her political activism, Horne found herself blacklisted and unable to get work in Hollywood. She announced her retirement in March 1980, but the year starred in a one-woman show, Lena Horne, The Lady and Her Music. She then toured the country in the show, earning numerous awards, Horne continued recording and performing sporadically into the 1990s, disappearing from the public eye in 2000. Horne died of heart failure on May 9,2010. Lena Horne was born in Bedford–Stuyvesant, Brooklyn and her mother, Edna Louise Scottron, was a granddaughter of inventor Samuel R. Scottron, she was an actress with a black theatre troupe and traveled extensively. Ednas maternal grandmother, Amelie Louise Ashton, was a Senegalese slave, Horne was mainly raised by her grandparents, Cora Calhoun and Edwin Horne. When Horne was five, she was sent to live in Georgia, for several years, she traveled with her mother. From Fort Valley, southwest of Macon, Horne briefly moved to Atlanta with her mother and she then attended Girls High School, an all-girls public high school in Brooklyn that has since become Boys and Girls High School, she dropped out without earning a diploma. Aged 18, she moved in with her father in Pittsburgh, staying in the citys Little Harlem for almost five years and learning from native Pittsburghers Billy Strayhorn and Billy Eckstine, among others. In the fall of 1933, Horne joined the line of the Cotton Club in New York City. In the spring of 1934, she had a role in the Cotton Club Parade starring Adelaide Hall. A few years later, Horne joined Noble Sissles Orchestra, with which she toured and with whom she made her first records, issued by Decca. After she separated from her first husband, Horne toured with bandleader Charlie Barnet in 1940–41 and she replaced Dinah Shore as the featured vocalist on NBCs popular jazz series The Chamber Music Society of Lower Basin Street. The shows resident maestros, Henry Levine and Paul Laval, recorded with Horne in June 1941 for RCA Victor, Hornes songs from Boogie Woogie Dream were later released individually as soundies. Horne made her Hollywood nightclub debut at Felix Youngs Little Troc on the Sunset Strip in January 1942, a few weeks later, she was signed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. In November 1944, she was featured in an episode of the radio series Suspense, as a fictional nightclub singer. In 1945 and 1946, she sang with Billy Eckstines Orchestra, as a result, most of Hornes film appearances were stand-alone sequences that had no bearing on the rest of the film, so editing caused no disruption to the storylineLena Horne – Publicity photo of Horne from her own stage show Nine O'Clock Revue, 1961.
31. Norah Jones – Norah Jones is an American singer, songwriter and actress. Throughout her career, Jones has won awards and has sold more than 50 million albums worldwide. Billboard named her the top jazz artist of the 2000–2009 decade and she has won nine Grammy Awards and was 60th on Billboard magazines artists of the 2000–2009 decade chart. In 2002, Jones launched her music career with the release of Come Away with Me. It was certified diamond, selling over 26 million copies, the record earned Jones five Grammy Awards, including the Album of the Year, Record of the Year, and Best New Artist. They were also well received by critics. Jones fifth studio album, Little Broken Hearts, was released on April 27,2012, Jones is the daughter of Indian sitar player and composer Ravi Shankar, and half-sister of fellow musician Anoushka Shankar. Jones was born Geetali Norah Shankar on March 30,1979 in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, New York, to American concert producer Sue Jones, after her parents separated in 1986, Shankar lived with her mother, growing up in Grapevine, Texas. She attended Colleyville Middle School and Grapevine High School before transferring to Booker T. Washington High School for the Performing, while in high school, she sang in the school choir, participated in band, and played the alto saxophone. At the age of sixteen, with parents consent, she officially changed her name to Norah Jones. Jones always had an affinity for the music of Bill Evans and Billie Holiday and she once said, My mom had this eight-album Billie Holiday set, I picked out one disc that I liked and played that over and over again. As a child, Jones began singing in church and also took piano and she considers herself spiritual and appreciates the rituals of her church but does not consider herself deeply religious. She attended Interlochen Center for the Arts during the summers, while at high school, she won the Down Beat Student Music Awards for Best Jazz Vocalist and Best Original Composition. Jones attended the University of North Texas, where she majored in jazz piano, during this time, she had a chance meeting with future collaborator Jesse Harris. She gave a ride to a band playing at the university whose members happened to be friends of Harris and he was on a cross-country road-trip with friend and future Little Willies member Richard Julian, and stopped to see the band play. After meeting Jones, Harris started sending her lead sheets of his songs, in 1999, Jones left Texas for New York City. Less than a later, she started a band with Harris. As artist Peter Malick states in the notes, I started looking for a singer who could record for meNorah Jones – Jones performs at Farm Aid, October 2, 2010
32. Patricia Kaas – Patricia Kaas is a French singer an actress. Her music is a mix of pop, cabaret, jazz, since the appearance of her 1988 debut album, Mademoiselle chante. Kaas has sold over 17 million records worldwide and she had her greatest success in Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, Canada, Russia, Finland, Ukraine, and Korea with her third album Je te dis vous. In 2002, Kaas made her debut in And now. Ladies and Gentlemen with Jeremy Irons and she represented France in the Eurovision Song Contest 2009 in Moscow, Russia, and finished in eighth place. Patricia Kaas was born as the youngest of her family on 5 December 1966 in Forbach, Lorraine, France and her father, Joseph Kaas, was a French Germanophone and her mother, Irmgard, was a German citizen from Saar. Kaas grew up in Stiring-Wendel, between Forbach and Saarbrücken on the French side of the border, until the age of six she spoke only Lorraine Franconian. Her mother encouraged Kaas to become a singer at a young age. Her first great success came when she received first place at a pop song contest, Kaas took her first step into the professional music business at the age of 13, when, with the help of her brother Egon, she signed a contract with the Saarbrücken Club Rumpelkammer. Kaas took the name Pady Pax, after the brass band Pax Majorettes from Stiring-Wendel, of which she and her sister Carine were members, at 16 she took a placement with a model agency in Metz. Her first attempts to break into the business once and for all initially failed, however. Kaas producer at this time was the architect Bernard Schwartz, in 1985, Kaas was dax sponsored by the French actor Gérard Depardieu at the age of 19. Schwartz saw her singing at the Rumpelkammer in Saarbrücken and introduced her to the songwriter François Bernheim, Bernheim worked with her and convinced Depardieu to produce her music. Depardieu produced Kaas first single Jalouse, written by Bernheim and Depardieus wife Elisabeth, the single was published by EMI, but was a flop. Nonetheless, her encounter with Depardieu was one of the most important events in the beginning of Kaas artistic career, through Jalouse and Bernheim the French songwriter Didier Barbelivien became aware of Kaas. His song Mademoiselle chante le blues was the singers first big hit, the single was published in 1987 by Polydor, and reached 7th place in the French singles chart. The next year Kaas second single DAllemagne was recorded, written by Barbelivien, shortly afterwards Kaas first album Mademoiselle chante. was produced. It reached 2nd place in the French album charts and stayed there for two months, remaining in the Top 10 for 64 weeks and 118 weeks in the top 100, shortly after its appearance the album went gold in France and after three months it went platinumPatricia Kaas – Patricia Kaas at Cannes festival
33. Lainie Kazan – Lainie Kazan is an American actress and singer. She had previously received a Golden Globe Award nomination for the version of My Favorite Year. Her other film appearances include The Delta Force, Harry and the Hendersons, Beaches, My Big Fat Greek Wedding, Kazan was born Lanie Levine in Brooklyn, New York City, the daughter of Carole and Ben Levine. Her mother was from a Sephardic Jewish family from Jerusalem, and her father, of Russian Ashkenazi Jewish descent, Kazan has described her mother as neurotic, fragile and artistic. She graduated from Hofstra University in Hempstead, New York and she married Peter Daniels in 1971. In a segment of Celebrity Ghost Stories she revealed that she was widowed in 1989 when Daniels died of lung cancer, with him, Kazan has one child, Jennifer, and is a grandmother. Kazan serves on the boards of the Young Musicians’ Foundation, AIDS Project LA, Kazan suffered from deep vein thrombosis, and has dedicated time to educating the public about the condition. On April 9,2016, Kazan was injured in a collision in Los Angeles. Kazan made her Broadway debut in The Happiest Girl in the World in 1961 followed by Bravo Giovanni and she served as understudy to Barbra Streisand in Funny Girl, finally getting to go on 18 months into the run when the star was ill with a serious throat problem. Both had attended the high school, Erasmus Hall High School in Brooklyn. Kazan’s mother alerted the press and, encouraged by rave reviews for her performance, she quit the show, as her popularity increased, Kazan posed nude for a spread in the October 1970 issue of Playboy, which was reused in Pocket Playboy #4, issued in 1974. Her Playboy photographs also inspired the look of Jack Kirby’s DC Comics superheroine Big Barda, Kazan appeared in numerous supper clubs across the country, and she guested on Dean Martin’s variety series 26 times. She appeared in a scene as the mother of Adam Sandler’s character in I Now Pronounce You Chuck and Larry and it is, however, included in the special features on disc. Prior to this film, she had appeared with its co-star Kevin James in two episodes of his The King of Queens TV series as the once-renowned singer Ava St. Clair. A life member of The Actors Studio, Kazan returned to Broadway to recreate her role for the musical adaptation of My Favorite Year. She completed a stint in The Vagina Monologues and she has also appeared in regional productions of A Little Night Music, Man of La Mancha, Gypsy, Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf. Hello, Dolly. and Fiddler on the Roof, among others, in 1984, she made a guest appearance on the Faerie Tale Theatre episode “Pinocchio” as Sophia the Blue Fairy. She appeared in an episode of Ugly Betty, playing the mother of Bobby and she appeared in one episode, Fire and NiceLainie Kazan – Kazan at the 79th Annual Academy Awards Children Uniting Nations/Billboard afterparty in February 2007
34. Morgana King – Morgana King is an American jazz singer and actress. Her best-known role was that of Carmela Corleone in The Godfather, King was born Maria Grazia Morgana Messina in Pleasantville, New York. Her parents were from Fiumefreddo di Sicilia, Province of Catania and she grew up in New York City with five siblings. Her father, who owned a coal and ice business, played the piano and her family experienced a difficult financial period after her father died. Around the age of thirteen her vocal gifts were recognized when she was singing the aria Ill See You Again from Noël Cowards operetta Bitter Sweet. At age 16 she developed a love for big bands, a scholarship to the Metropolitan School of Music soon followed. Her professional singing career began at age sixteen as Morgana King, when she sang in a Greenwich Village nightclub in 1953, a record label executive took interest after being impressed with the unique phrasing and multi-octave range. Three years later in 1956, her first album, For You, For Me, in the first appearance of Leonard G. Feathers Encyclopedia of Jazz, Morgana King stated that her ambition was … to become a dramatic actress. She began her career in The Godfather, directed by Francis Ford Coppola, as Carmela Corleone. In the film, she sang the song Luna mezzo mare, King appeared as herself in the television documentary The Godfather, Behind the Scenes. She reprised the role in The Godfather, Part II, where her character dies aged 62, while performing in Lisbon, Portugal, she was interviewed by the television show host Henrique Mendes at the television station RTP. Her repertoire contains more than two hundred songs on more than thirty albums, most of her recordings and re-issues have not remained in the catalogs. In 1964, she received a Grammy Award nomination for Best New Artist, the UCLA Music Librarys Jimmy Van Heusen papers include a letter dated September 5,1965 pertaining to songs… to be given to Morgana King. She recorded three songs by Van Heusen, Heres That Rainy Day, Like Someone in Love and Imagination, kings 1967 single I Have Loved Me A Man appeared in the US Easy Listening survey and the Australian Top 20, according to the Kent Music Report. Morgana King appeared in five films, including The Godfather Parts I, beginning with The Andy Williams Show and The Hollywood Palace in 1964. For more than a decade she performed on television talk and variety shows including The Mike Douglas Show, The Dean Martin Show and The David Frost Show. King announced her retirement from performing during an engagement at the Cotton Club in Chicago on Friday, December 10,1993 and she continued to perform after that date at the Ballroom, Maxims, Mirage Night Club, and Roosevelt Hotels Cinegrill. Her last film appearance was in the film A Brooklyn State of Mind and her first marriage was to jazz trumpeter Tony Fruscella, which ended in divorce after nine years, they had a daughter, GraysanMorgana King – King with Dean Martin, 1968.
35. Diana Krall – Diana Jean Krall, OC, OBC is a Canadian jazz pianist and singer, known for her contralto vocals. She has sold more than 6 million albums in the US, on December 11,2009, Billboard magazine named her the second Jazz artist of the 2000–09 decade, establishing her as one of the best-selling artists of her time. Krall is the jazz singer to have eight albums debuting at the top of the Billboard Jazz Albums. To date, she has won five Grammy Awards and eight Juno Awards and she has also earned nine gold, three platinum, and seven multi-platinum albums. Krall was born on November 16,1964, in Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada, the daughter of Adella A. an elementary teacher, and Stephen James Jim Krall. Her father played piano at home and her mother sang in a community choir and she was playing piano herself at the age of four and playing jazz in a local restaurant at 15. She went to the Berklee College of Music in Boston on a scholarship before going to Los Angeles to play jazz and she returned to Canada to release her first album in 1993. Kralls mother died of myeloma in 2002, within months of the pianists mentors Ray Brown. Dianas only sibling, Michelle, is a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Krall and British musician Elvis Costello were married on December 6,2003 and their twin sons, Dexter Henry Lorcan and Frank Harlan James, were born December 6,2006, in New York City. In 1993, Krall released her first album, Stepping Out and it caught the attention of producer Tommy LiPuma, who produced her second album, Only Trust Your Heart. Her third album, All for You, A Dedication to the Nat King Cole Trio, was nominated for a Grammy, Love Scenes quickly became a hit record with the trio of Krall, Russell Malone and Christian McBride. In August 2000, Krall was paired on a 20-city tour with Tony Bennett and they were paired again for a song on the TV series Spectacle, Elvis Costello with. Orchestral arrangements by Johnny Mandel provided the background on When I Look In Your Eyes, the band mix was kept, following arrangements on The Look of Love created by Claus Ogerman, this record achieved platinum status and reached the top 10 of the Billboard 200. The title track from the album, a cover of the Casino Royale standard popularized in the late 1960s by Dusty Springfield and Sérgio Mendes, in September 2001, Krall began a world tour. Her concert at the Paris Olympia was recorded and released as her first live record, the album included covers of Billy Joels Just The Way You Are and Joni Mitchells A Case Of You. The 2001 movie The Score starring Robert De Niro and Marlon Brando, features a recording of Krall entitled and this song accompanies the films ending Credits and was composed by a fellow Canadian, David Foster. After marrying Costello, she worked with him as a lyricist and started to compose her own songs, the album, released in April 2004, quickly rose to the top five in the United Kingdom and made the Australian top 40 album chartsDiana Krall – Krall at a CD signing in Toronto in September 2007
36. Frankie Laine – Often billed as Americas Number One Song Stylist, his other nicknames include Mr. Rhythm, Old Leather Lungs, and Mr. Steel Tonsils. His hits included Thats My Desire, That Lucky Old Sun, Mule Train, Cry of the Wild Goose, A Woman In Love, Jezebel, High Noon, I Believe, Hey Joe. The Kids Last Fight, Cool Water, Moonlight Gambler, Love Is a Golden Ring, Rawhide, and Lord, You Gave Me a Mountain. He sang well-known theme songs for many movie Western soundtracks, including 3,10 To Yuma, Gunfight at the O. K. Corral, and Blazing Saddles, although he was not a country & western singer. Laine sang a variety of song styles and genres, stretching from big band crooning to pop, western-themed songs, gospel, rock, folk, jazz. Laines enduring popularity was illustrated in June 2011, when a TV-advertised compilation called Hits reached No.16 on the British chart. The accomplishment was achieved nearly 60 years after his debut on the UK chart,64 years after his first major U. S. hit and he was also known as Mr. Rhythm for his driving jazzy style. Laine was the first and biggest of a new breed of singers who rose to prominence in the post–World War II era. This new, raw, emotionally charged style seemed at the time to signal the end of the previous eras singing styles and was, indeed, a harbinger of the rock n roll music that was to come. In the words of Jazz critic Richard Grudens, Franks style was very innovative and his 1946 recording of Thats My Desire remains a landmark record signaling the end of both the dominance of the big bands and the crooning styles favored by contemporary Dick Haymes and others. Often called the first of the soul singers, Laines style cleared the way for many artists who arose in the late 1940s and early 1950s, including Kay Starr, Tony Bennett. I think that Frank probably was one of the forerunner of…blues, a lot of singers who sing with a passionate demeanor—Frank was and is definitely that. I always used to love to him with Thats…my…desire. And then later Johnnie Ray came along that made all of those kind of movements, hes one of those singers thats not in one track. And yet and still I think that his records had more excitement, and I think that was his big selling point, that he was so full of energy. You know when you hear his records it was dynamite energy, — Herb Jeffries Frankie Laine was born Francesco Paolo LoVecchio on March 30,1913, to Giovanni and Cresenzia LoVecchio. His parents had emigrated from Monreale, Sicily, to Chicagos Near West Side, in Little Italy, Laines family appears to have had several organized crime connections, and young Francesco was living with his grandfather when the latter was killed by rival gangsters. He later attended Lane Technical High School, where he helped to develop his power and breath control by joining the track and fieldFrankie Laine – Jimmy Crawford (left) and Frankie Laine, ca. 1947. Photography by William P. Gottlieb.
37. Dorothy Lamour – Dorothy Lamour was an American actress and singer. She is best remembered for appearing in the Road to, movies, a series of successful comedies starring Bing Crosby and Bob Hope. Lamour began her career in the 1930s as a big band singer, in 1936, she moved to Hollywood where she signed with Paramount Pictures. Her appearance as Ulah in The Jungle Princess brought her fame, in 1940, Lamour made her first Road to. Films were popular during the 1940s, the sixth film in the series, Road to Bali, was released in 1952. By that time, Lamours screen career began to wane, and she focused on stage, in 1961, Crosby and Hope teamed up for one more, The Road to Hong Kong, but actress Joan Collins was cast as the female lead. Lamour made an appearance and sang a song near the end of that film. In the 1970s, Lamour revived her nightclub act and, in 1980 and she made her final onscreen appearance in 1987. Lamour married her husband, William Ross Howard III, in 1943. They had two sons and remained married until Howards death in 1978, Lamour died at her home in 1996, at the age of 81. Born Mary Leta Dorothy Slaton in New Orleans, the daughter of Carmen Louise and John Watson Slaton, Lamour was of French Louisianan, Spanish, and Irish descent. Her parents marriage lasted only a few years and her mother married for the second time to Clarence Lambour, whose surname Dorothy later adopted and modified as her stage name. That marriage also ended in divorce when Dorothy was a teenager, Lamour quit school at the age of 14 and, after taking a business course, worked as a secretary to support herself and her mother. She began entering beauty pageants and was crowned Miss New Orleans in 1931, Lamour used the prize money to support herself while she worked in a stock theatre company. She and her mother moved to Chicago where Lamour found a job working at Marshall Fields department store. She was discovered by orchestra leader Herbie Kay when he spotted her in performance at a Chicago talent show held at the Hotel Morrison, Kay hired her as a singer for his orchestra and, in 1935, Lamour went on tour with Kay. Her work with Kay eventually led Lamour to vaudeville and work in radio, in 1935, she had her own fifteen-minute weekly musical program on NBC Radio. Lamour also sang on the popular Rudy Vallee radio show and The Chase, on January 30,1944, Lamour starred in For This We Live, an episode of Silver Theater on CBS radioDorothy Lamour – circa 1940
38. Peggy Lee – Peggy Lee was an American jazz and popular music singer, songwriter, composer, and actress, in a career spanning six decades. From her beginning as a vocalist on radio to singing with Benny Goodmans big band, she forged a sophisticated persona, evolving into a multi-faceted artist. During her career, she wrote music for films, acted and she and her family were Lutherans. Her father was Swedish-American and her mother was Norwegian-American, after her mother died when Lee was four, her father married Min Schaumber. Lee first sang professionally over KOVC radio in Valley City, North Dakota and she later had her own series on a radio show sponsored by a local restaurant that paid her a salary in food. Both during and after her school years, Lee sang for small sums on local radio stations. Radio personality Ken Kennedy, of WDAY in Fargo, North Dakota, Lee left home and traveled to Los Angeles at the age of 17. She returned to North Dakota for a tonsillectomy and was noticed by hotel owner Frank Bering while working at the Doll House in Palm Springs and it was here that she developed her trademark sultry purr – having decided to compete with the noisy crowd with subtlety rather than volume. Beringin offered her a gig at The Buttery Room, a nightclub in the Ambassador Hotel East in Chicago, There, she was noticed by bandleader Benny Goodman. According to Lee, Bennys then-fiancée, Lady Alice Duckworth, came into The Buttery, so the next evening she brought Benny in, because they were looking for a replacement for Helen Forrest. And although I didnt know, I was it and he was looking at me strangely, I thought, but it was just his preoccupied way of looking. I thought that he didnt like me at first, but it just was that he was preoccupied with what he was hearing and she joined his band in 1941 and stayed for two years. In 1942 Lee had her first No.1 hit, Somebody Else Is Taking My Place, which sold over a million copies and made her famous. She sang with Goodmans orchestra in two 1943 films, Stage Door Canteen and The Powers Girl, in March 1943 Lee married Dave Barbour, a guitarist in Goodmans band. Lee said, David joined Bennys band and there was a ruling that no one should fraternize with the girl singer, but I fell in love with David the first time I heard him play, and so I married him. Benny then fired David, so I quit, too, Benny and I made up, although David didnt play with him anymore. Its to Mr. Barbours credit that he refused to let his wifes singing and composing talent lay dormant for too long, I fell in love with David Barbour, she recalled. But Why Dont You Do Right was such a giant hit that I kept getting offers, and at that time it was a lot of moneyPeggy Lee – Photographed in 1950
39. Julie London – Julie London was an American singer, and film and television actress, whose career spanned five decades of television. She was noted for her smoky, sensual husky voice and languid demeanor and she released 32 albums of pop and jazz standards during the 1950s and 1960s, with her signature song being the classic Cry Me a River, which she introduced in 1955. She had also appeared as a guest on talk shows. Londons 35-year acting career began in films in 1944, and included playing opposite Rock Hudson in The Fat Man, Gary Cooper in Man of the West and she achieved continuing success in the 1970s medical drama Emergency. Co-starring her real-life husband, Bobby Troup, and produced by her ex-husband, Jack Webb, in which London played the lead role of Nurse Dixie McCall. An only child, London was born on September 26,1926, in Santa Rosa, California, the daughter of Jack and Josephine Peck, who were a vaudeville song-and-dance team. In 1929, when she was 3 years old, her moved to San Bernardino, California. In 1941, when she was 14, the moved to Hollywood. Shortly after that, she began appearing in films and she graduated from the Hollywood Professional School in 1945. London began singing in public in her teens before appearing in film and she was discovered by talent agent Sue Carol, while working as an elevator operator. Her early film career did not include any singing roles, London recorded 32 albums in a career that began in 1955 with a live performance at the 881 Club in Los Angeles. Billboard named her the most popular female vocalist for 1955,1956 and she was the subject of a 1957 Life cover article in which she was quoted as saying, Its only a thimbleful of a voice, and I have to use it close to the microphone. But it is a kind of oversmoked voice, and it automatically sounds intimate, londons début recordings were for the Bethlehem Records label. While shopping for a deal, she recorded four tracks that would later be included on the compilation album Bethlehems Girlfriends in 1955. Bobby Troup backed London on the album, London recorded the standards Dont Worry About Me, Motherless Child, A Foggy Day, and Youre Blasé. Londons most famous single, Cry Me a River, was written by her high-school classmate Arthur Hamilton, the recording became a million-seller after its release in December 1955, and also sold on reissue in April 1983 from the attention brought by a Mari Wilson cover. London performed the song in the film The Girl Cant Help It, the song Yummy Yummy Yummy was featured on the HBO television series Six Feet Under and appears on its soundtrack album. Londons Must Be Catchin was featured in the 2011 premiere episode of the ABC series Pan Am and her last recording was My Funny Valentine for the soundtrack of the Burt Reynolds film Sharkys MachineJulie London – London in 1958
40. Patti LuPone – Patti Ann LuPone is an American actress and singer, best known for her work in stage musicals. She is a two-time Grammy Award winner and a two-time Tony Award winner and she is also a 2006 American Theater Hall of Fame inductee. LuPone began her career with The Acting Company in 1972. She received the first of six Tony Award nominations for the 1975 musical The Robber Bridegroom and she won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical for her role as Eva Perón in the 1979 original Broadway production of Evita. She played Fantine in the original London cast of Les Misérables and Moll in The Cradle Will Rock and she won a second Tony Award for her role as Rose in the 2008 Broadway revival of Gypsy. She also won two Grammy Awards for the recording of the 2007 Los Angeles Opera production of Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny in categories of Best Classical Album and Best Opera Recording. On television, she starred in the drama series Life Goes On and she is known to voice Yellow Diamond in Steven Universe. She also had a role in the season of the FX thriller series American Horror Story. Her film appearances include Witness, Driving Miss Daisy, State and Main, LuPone was born April 21,1949, in Northport, New York, on Long Island, the daughter of Angela Louise, a college library administrator, and Orlando Joseph LuPone, a school administrator. Her great-grand-aunt was 19th-century opera singer Adelina Patti and her older brother Robert LuPone is an actor, dancer, and director who originated the role of Zach the director in A Chorus Line. LuPone was part of the first graduating class of Juilliards Drama Division and she graduated from Juilliard in 1972 with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree. In 1972, LuPone became one of the members of The Acting Company. The Acting Company is a touring repertory theater company. She made her Broadway debut in the play The Three Sisters as Irina in 1973, for her work in The Robber Bridegroom she received her first Tony Award nomination, for Best Featured Actress in a Musical. The Acting Company honored LuPone on March 12,2012 in an event called Pattis Turn at the Kaye Playhouse, in 1976, producer David Merrick hired LuPone as a replacement to play Genevieve, the title role of the troubled pre-Broadway production of The Bakers Wife. The production toured at length but Merrick deemed it unworthy of Broadway, since 1977, LuPone has been a frequent collaborator with David Mamet, appearing in his plays The Woods, All Men are Whores, The Blue Hour, The Water Engine, Edmond and The Old Neighborhood. The New York Times reviewer wrote of LuPone in The Old Neighborhood Those who know Ms. LuPone only as a comedy star will be stunned by the naturalistic fire she delivers here. As Jolly, an inspired by Mr. Mamets real-life sister and his realized female character, Ms. LuPone finds conflicting layers of pastPatti LuPone – Lupone at 2010 Drama League
41. Nellie McKay – Nell Marie Nellie McKay is a British-American singer-songwriter, actress, and former stand-up comedian, noted for her critically acclaimed albums, and for her Broadway debut in The Threepenny Opera. Her music has showcased different genres, from jazz to rap, McKay was born in London to an English father, writer-director Malcolm McKay, and an American mother, actress Robin Pappas. While growing up, she lived with her mother in Harlem, New York, in Olympia, Washington and in Mount Pocono and she studied jazz voice at the Manhattan School of Music, but did not graduate. Her performances at various New York City music venues, including the Sidewalk Cafe and Joes Pub, the recording sessions for McKays debut album Get Away from Me took place in August 2003 with Geoff Emerick as producer. Emerick was known for working as the Beatles engineer on such albums as Revolver, the title is a play on Norah Jones Come Away with Me. McKay is said to be the first woman to release an album as her first release. Get Away from Me was released in February 2004, jon Pareles of The New York Times called the album a tour de force from a sly, articulate musician who sounds comfortable in any era. The album was included on several Best of 2004 lists, McKay was one of the major breakout artists from the 2004 SXSW Festival and was a finalist in the 2004 Shortlist Music Prize. She toured the northern United States in July 2004 as an act on the first half of the Au Naturale tour co-headlined by Alanis Morissette. McKay wrote and recorded songs for the motion picture Rumor Has It. The songs were released on the iTunes Store on 27 December 2005, Pretty Little Head was released in the United States on 31 October 2006 on McKays own label, Hungry Mouse, and was marketed by SpinART Records. The album was the intended 23 tracks as originally planned, divided into two discs with a 44-page color booklet, release of the album in other countries, including Canada, was delayed until November 21,2006. After SpinART declared bankruptcy in 2007, Pretty Little Head was released by Sony, the role earned her a Theatre World Award for Outstanding Debut Performance. McKays third full-length studio release debuted on 25 September 2007, with both of her previous albums lasting over 60 minutes and spanning two discs each, Obligatory Villagers, with only nine tracks, totaling 30 minutes was her shortest release to date. The album was produced on McKays own label, Hungry Mouse, the album was recorded at Red Rock Recording Studio in the Pocono Mountains where McKay went to high school. On October 13,2009 she released her studio album. The album contains covers of songs made famous by Day. Barnes & Noble featured an edition, packaged with the bonus track I Want To Be HappyNellie McKay – McKay at the Farm Sanctuary 25th Anniversary Gala in New York City on May 14, 2011
42. Claudia McNeil – Claudia McNeil was an American actress known for premiering the role of matriarch Lena Younger in both the stage and screen productions of A Raisin in the Sun. She later appeared in a 1981 production of the version of the play. She was twice nominated for a Tony Award, first for her performance in A Raisin in the Sun. She was also nominated for a Golden Globe Award and a BAFTA Award for the version of A Raisin in the Sun in 1961. McNeil was born in Baltimore, Maryland, to Marvin Spencer McNeil, an African-American, and Annie Mae Anderson McNeil, the family moved to New York City soon after her birth. She was raised by her mother after her father left the family, at the age of 12, McNeil began working for The Heckscher Foundation for Children. There she met a Jewish couple who adopted her. She became a librarian, but soon began singing in vaudeville theaters. McNeil also sang for the Katherine Dunham Dance Troupe on its South American tour and she was advised by Ethel Waters to begin acting, and made her New York stage debut in 1953, playing Tituba in The Crucible at the Martin Beck Theater. Four years later, Langston Hughes chose her to sing in his musical play Simply Heavenly and she won critical acclaim for this role. New York Times journalist Eric Pace summarized McNeils performance explaining that she had a commanding presence, Pace continued, On the screen, Miss McNeil was stolid, voluminous and serene as a mother trying to control her son and wanting to buy her family a respectable home. She acted in films, including The Last Angry Man, There Was a Crooked Man. She also starred in the plays Tiger Tiger Burning Bright, James Baldwins The Amen Corner, Something Different, Her First Roman, Wrong Way Light-Bulb and Contributions. McNeil appeared in many TV series, including The DuPont Show of the Month, The Nurses, Profiles in Courage, Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry, by the time she appeared in the 1959 film The Last Angry Man, she weighed nearly 300 pounds. In 1978, when she sang at Michaels Pub in Manhattan, N. Y. she had slimmed down to 159 pounds and commented, McNeil was married when she was 19 to a husband whom she described as a very wonderful man. She had two sons, but lost her husband in World War II, both her sons were killed in the Korean War. Her second marriage ended in divorce two years in 1964. As a woman of faith McNeil was said to have been a devout Catholic and she retired in 1983 and two years later moved into the Actors’ Fund Nursing Home in Englewood, New JerseyClaudia McNeil – publicity photo, 1960
43. Katie Melua – Ketevan Katie Melua is a Georgian-British singer, songwriter and musician. She moved to Northern Ireland at the age of eight and then to England at fourteen, Melua is signed to the small Dramatico record label, under the management of composer Mike Batt, and made her musical debut in 2003. In 2006, she was the United Kingdoms best-selling female artist and her second album, Piece by Piece, was released in September 2005 and to date has gone platinum four times. Melua released her studio album Pictures in October 2007. According to the Sunday Times Rich List 2008, Melua had a fortune of £18 million and it was reported in 2009 that she may have lost millions as a result of the global economic downturn. As of May 2011, Melua could have a £12m fortune, Ketevan Melua, known as Ketino to her family, was born to Amiran and Tamara Melua in Kutaisi, Georgia, which was then part of the Soviet Union. She spent her first years with her grandparents in Tbilisi before moving with her parents and brother to the town of Batumi, Ajaria, where her father worked as a heart specialist. In 1993, in the aftermath of the Georgian Civil War, the moved to Belfast, Northern Ireland. The family remained in Belfast, living close to Falls Road, during her time in Northern Ireland, Melua attended St Catherines Primary School on the Falls Road and later moved to Dominican College, Fortwilliam. The Melua family then moved to Sutton, London, and some later moved again to Redhill. In 2008, Melua moved out of her parents home in Maida Vale to an apartment in Notting Hill, Melua is fluent in English and Russian, despite still speaking Georgian fluently she has admitted that she cannot write songs in the language. Melua is also partly of Canadian and Russian ancestry, during the South Ossetia War in 2008, Meluas brother and mother were staying with relatives in the Georgian capital, Tbilisi. Melua was due to travel to Georgia herself less than a month later and she is a baptised Georgian Orthodox Christian. Whilst living in Belfast, Melua attended the Roman Catholic schools St Catherines Primary School and Dominican College, Fortwilliam, on 10 August 2005, Melua became a British citizen with her parents and brother. The citizenship ceremony took place in Weybridge, Surrey, becoming a British citizen meant that Melua had held three citizenships before she was 21, first, Soviet, then, Georgian and finally, British. After the ceremony, Melua stated her pride at her newest nationality, as a family, we have been very fortunate to find a happy lifestyle in this country and we feel we belong. We still consider ourselves to be Georgian, because that is where our roots are, and I return to Georgia every year to see my uncles and grandparents, but I am proud to now be a British citizen. Melua is occasionally referred to as a junkie because she enjoys roller coasters and funfairs and often paraglidesKatie Melua – Katie Melua in Germany, 2013
44. Kate Michaels – Kate Michaels is an American singer and actor specializing in big band/swing and musical theater. Kate Michaels is from Yuba City, one of the northernmost towns in the California Central Valley and her father, Edward Proper Hall, was a dentist and died from cancer before the age of 30. Edward was the great-grandson of Edward Proper, known for having developed a strain of wheat which carries his name, Michaels grew up in a musical family. Edward Hall had a background as a classical pianist and all of the family sang and her great-uncle, Hedley Hall, was a colorful vaudeville player and local radio personality. Her primary influences have been folk, musical theater, swing, Michaels, who was raised in California, has lived in Singapore, Austria and Germany, she currently lives in Basel, Switzerland. Early in her career, Michaels appeared in leading and supporting roles for many stage, musical and concert productions in the San Francisco, Sacramento, Napa Valley. Shortly thereafter, Michaels joined the original Swiss cast of Andrew Lloyd Webbers The Phantom of the Opera with the British production company, Really Useful Group in Basel, Switzerland. In 1998, Michaels sang for the UK tour of the Australian-American poetic piece, Walking the Dog, produced by Walking the Dog Theater Company, soon after her first album, Just Marilyn, was produced. Her second recording, The Best Things in Life, a recording with German jazz trio The Red Thread was released in 2007. She has also published in Classical Singer Magazine and various newsletters. Michaels has been described as Enchanting, charming and delightful and been praised for her vocal talent and her emotional. Focusing on big band songs from the Great American Songbook, Just Marilyn reaches into the big band era, all the songs from Just Marilyn recorded by Michaels were sung at some point by film icon and legend Marilyn Monroe. Kate said in an interview that theres more to Marilyn than Happy Birthday, Mr. President, light comedies and she was one of the first women to take control of her own career and beat the studio heads at their own game. Marilyn was not one dimensional but I think thats how she is often viewed, the concept for her second album, The Best Things in Life, came after hearing a recording of Jo Stafford singing The Best Things in Life are Free. Interested in the work of Jamie Cullum and Stacey Kent, Michaels put together newer jazz versions of songs from the Great American Songbook with the German jazz trio. Michaels appears as the performer for festivals, charity events. Just Marilyn The Best Things in Life Official Website Official MySpace page Big Band SizzleKate Michaels – Kate Michaels
45. Bette Midler – Bette Midler is an American singer, songwriter, actress, comedian, and film producer. Born in Honolulu, Hawaii, Midler began her career in several Off-Off-Broadway plays, prior to her engagements in Fiddler on the Roof. She came to prominence in 1970 when she began singing in the Continental Baths, since 1970, Midler has released 14 studio albums as a solo artist. In 2008, she signed a contract with Caesars Palace in Las Vegas to perform a series of shows titled Bette Midler, The Showgirl Must Go On, Midler made her motion picture debut in 1979 with The Rose, which earned her a Golden Globe for Best Actress. In the following years, she starred in a string of hit films, including, Down and Out in Beverly Hills, Outrageous Fortune, Beaches, The First Wives Club, and The Stepford Wives. She starred in For the Boys and Gypsy, and won two additional Golden Globe awards for these films, in a career spanning almost half a century, Midler has won three Grammy Awards, four Golden Globes, three Emmy Awards, and a special Tony Award. She has sold over 35 million records worldwide, and has received four Gold, Midler is currently appearing on Broadway in a revival of Hello, Dolly. which began preview performances on March 15,2017, and will premiere at the Shubert Theatre on April 20th. It is her first leading role in a Broadway musical, Midler was born in Honolulu, where her family was one of the few Jewish families in a mostly Asian neighborhood. Her mother, Ruth, was a seamstress and housewife, and her father, Fred Midler, worked at a Navy base in Hawaii as a painter, and was also a housepainter. She was named after actress Bette Davis, though Davis pronounced her first name in two syllables, and Midler uses one, /ˈbɛt/ and she was raised in Aiea and attended Radford High School, in Honolulu. She was voted Most Talkative in the 1961 school Hoss Election, Midler majored in drama at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, and was a sister of Delta Phi Epsilon international sorority, but left after three semesters. She earned money in the 1966 film Hawaii as an extra, Midler married artist Martin von Haselberg on December 16,1984, about six weeks after their first meeting. Their daughter, Sophie von Haselberg, who is also an actress, was born on November 14,1986, Midler relocated to New York City in the summer of 1965, using money from her work in the film Hawaii. She landed her first professional role in Tom Eyens Off-Off-Broadway plays in 1965, Miss Nefertiti Regrets and Cinderella Revisited, a childrens play by day. From 1966 to 1969, she played the role of Tzeitel in Fiddler on the Roof on Broadway, after Fiddler, she joined the original cast of Salvation in 1969. She began singing in the Continental Baths, a gay bathhouse in the Ansonia Hotel, during this time, she became close to her piano accompanist, Barry Manilow, who produced her first album in 1972, The Divine Miss M. It was during her time at the Continental Baths that she built up a core following. In the late 1990s, during the release of her album Bathhouse Betty, Midler commented on her time performing there, Despite the way turned outBette Midler – Midler backstage at the Grammy Awards, February 1990
46. Mietta – Daniela Miglietta is an Italian singer, actress and novelist. She has released 11 albums in total, in 1988 she took part in the Sanremo Music Festival in the New comers category with Sogno. It didnt happen, however it was noticed by the melodic songwriter Amedeo Minghi, Mietta won the New comers category and the critics award Mia Martini. In the same year she was awarded her first platinum album, the song also won the OGAE, an international song contest, and became an evergreen, winning ten gold records. Her debut album, also entitled Canzoni, went five times platinum and is published throughout Europe, in 1990 she again won two Telegattos, One for the song of the year and the other award for best female artist of the year. Mietta returned to The SanRemo Festival in 1991 with Dubbi no, sung in English by Leo Sayer and her second album Volano le pagine, which contains a cover version of Lover Man, won two platinum record awards. In 1992 she released Lasciamoci respirare album and in 1994 Cambia pelle, in 1995 Mietta continued with musical experimentation, tackling different types of music, from soul to blues, from hip hop to the trip hop album Daniela è felice. Her music video Oggi Dani è più felice won the MTV award in England as best foreign video transmitted for the year and she soon appeared in Zuccheros video Menta e rosmarino and later debuts as an actress in La Piovra which was a popular Italian series. In the less successful sequel, she was replaced by Franca DAmato, in 1998 she was back to music with La mia anima, album with cover songs of popular black music. In 2000 she again took part in the SanRemo Festival with Fare lamore, in 2002 she got a new role for dramatic actress in the TV film Donne di mafia. Electro-pop and arabesque sounds for the 2003 album Per esempio. per amore, produced, in 2004 she took a duet with Morris Albert in SanRemo Festival with Cuore and in 2005 she participated in a talent show conducted by Simona Ventura, titled Music Farm. In 2006, after a single R&B Bugiarda, she released a pop-rock album 74100, the album also featured two US songwriters, Martin Briley and Dee Kay. In 2008 Mietta celebrated her 20th anniversary as an artist, returning for the 8th time at the Sanremo Music Festival with Baciami adesso, a song included in the album Con il sole nelle mani. In 2011, after becoming a mother for the first time, the album, positioned between pop and rock, features tributes to two women, Marilyn Monroe and Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani. In the same year she debuted as a novelist with her first novel about women, Lalbero delle giuggiole, and narrated the audiobook Lultimo elfo, in 2011 Mietta also participated as a mentor for Star Academy Italia. In 2016 Mietta returned to acting in two film, Ciao Brother and La fuga,2011 Lover Man of Sarah Vaughan / Billie Holiday,1991 Just the Two of Us of Bill Withers / Grover Washington Jr. itMietta – Mietta
47. Milva – Maria Ilva Biolcati, known as Milva, is an Italian singer, stage and film actress, and television personality. She has also released albums in France, Japan, Korea, Greece, Spain. Her stage productions of Bertolt Brechts recitals and Luciano Berios operas have toured the worlds theatres. She has performed at La Scala in Milan, at the Deutsche Oper in Berlin, at the Paris Opera, in the Royal Albert Hall in London, and at the Edinburgh Festival, amongst others. Having received success both in Italy and internationally, she remains to this day one of the most popular Italian personalities in the fields of music and theatre. Her artistic stature has been recognised by the Italian, German and French republics. Maria Ilva Biolcati was born in Goro, Province of Ferrara, Italy, in 1959, when she was twenty, she won a contest for new voices, and was named the overall winner from more than seven thousand six hundred participants. In 1960 she recorded her first 7 single with Cetra Records and her real debut was on the stage of the Sanremo Music Festival in 1961, where she took third place. In 1962 Milva was the first singer to sing Édith Piafs repertoire at the prestigious Olympia theatre in Paris, Music critics named her singer of the year. In 1962 Milva co-starred in the Italian film La bellezza di Ippolita alongside Gina Lollobrigida and Enrico Maria Salerno in a film directed by Giancarlo Zagni. The film was entered into the 12th Berlin International Film Festival, in the same year, she also appeared in the film Canzoni a tempo di twist, an Italian film directed by Stefano Canzio. In February, Milva participated in the Sanremo Musical Festival of 1962, competing with Tango italiano and her performance earned her second place in the competition and the single that followed reached number one on the Italian charts. From 30 April to 4 May 1963, Milva was a presenter on the Italian variety show Il Cantatutto. Shortly after, Milva released her third LP record Da Il Cantatutto con Milva e Villa, in the album, she performed Quattro Vestiti, composed by Ennio Morricone, a song which would be released on an EP by the same name. Milva also recorded the songs from the EP in Spanish, releasing the Spanish-language EP Milva canta en español, in the following years she starred in Giorgio Strehlers production of Brechts The Threepenny Opera which was performed in several cities of Western Europe. Milvas albums were certificated gold and platinum in West Germany, in 1968, Milva released her fifth studio album, Tango, an album that consisted of tango standards sung in Italian. The album was released in Italy, Germany, Spain and Brazil and its German-language counterpart was thereafter recorded and would be released in the upcoming year. In 1969, she released her studio album Tango InspirationenMilva – Milva at a theatre presentation of La variante di Lüneburg (2009)
48. Marilyn Monroe – Marilyn Monroe was an American actress and model. Famous for playing comic dumb blonde characters, she one of the most popular sex symbols of the 1950s. Although she was an actress for only a decade, her films grossed $200 million by the time of her unexpected death in 1962. She continues to be considered a popular culture icon. Born and raised in Los Angeles, Monroe spent most of her childhood in foster homes, while working in a factory in 1944 as part of the war effort, she was introduced to a photographer from the First Motion Picture Unit and began a successful pin-up modeling career. The work led to short-lived film contracts with Twentieth Century-Fox and Columbia Pictures, after a series of minor film roles, she signed a new contract with Fox in 1951. Over the next two years, she became an actress with roles in several comedies, including As Young as You Feel and Monkey Business. Monroe faced a scandal when it was revealed that she had posed for photos before becoming a star, but rather than damaging her career. Although she played a significant role in the creation and management of her public image throughout her career, she was disappointed at being typecast and underpaid by the studio. She was briefly suspended in early 1954 for refusing a film project, when the studio was still reluctant to change her contract, Monroe founded a film production company in late 1954, she named it Marilyn Monroe Productions. She dedicated 1955 to building her company and began studying acting at the Actors Studio. In late 1955, Fox awarded her a new contract, which gave her more control and a larger salary. After a critically acclaimed performance in Bus Stop and acting in the first independent production of MMP, The Prince and her last completed film was the drama The Misfits. Monroes troubled private life received much attention and she struggled with substance abuse, depression, and anxiety. She had two highly publicized marriages, to retired baseball star Joe DiMaggio and playwright Arthur Miller, both of which ended in divorce and she died at the age of 36 on August 5,1962, from an overdose of barbiturates at her home in Los Angeles. Although Monroes death was ruled a suicide, several conspiracy theories have been proposed in the decades following her death. Monroe was born Norma Jeane Mortenson at the Los Angeles County Hospital on June 1,1926, Gladys, the daughter of two poor Midwestern migrants to California, was a flapper and worked as a film negative cutter at Consolidated Film Industries. When she was fifteen, Gladys married a man nine years her senior, John Newton Baker and she filed for divorce in 1921, and Baker took the children with him to his native KentuckyMarilyn Monroe – Studio publicity photograph
49. Morrissey – Steven Patrick Morrissey, professionally known as Morrissey, is an English singer, songwriter and author. He rose to prominence as the singer of the indie rock band The Smiths. Since then, Morrissey has had a career, making the top ten of the UK Singles Chart on ten occasions. Born in Davyhulme, Lancashire, to a working-class Irish migrant family, as a child he developed a love of literature, kitchen sink realism and popular music. Involved in Manchesters punk rock scene during the late 1970s, he fronted The Nosebleeds, beginning a career in music journalism, he authored a number of books on music and film in the early 1980s. With Johnny Marr he established The Smiths in 1982, soon attracting national recognition for their debut album. Personal differences between Morrissey and Marr resulted in The Smiths separation in 1987, in 1988, Morrissey launched his solo career with the album Viva Hate. This and its follow-up albums – Bona Drag, Kill Uncle, Your Arsenal, in the mid-to-late 1990s, his subsequent albums, Southpaw Grammar and Maladjusted, also charted but were less well received. After a hiatus between 1998 and 2003, Morrissey released a comeback album, You Are the Quarry. Relocating to Italy, ensuing years saw the release of albums Ringleader of the Tormentors, Years of Refusal, in 2013 Morrissey released his autobiography, followed by his first novel in 2015. Highly influential, Morrissey is widely credited as being a figure in the emergence of indie rock. He has been acclaimed as one of the greatest lyricists in British history, in a 2006 poll held by the BBCs Culture Show, Morrissey was voted the second greatest living British icon. Steven Patrick Morrissey was born on 22 May 1959, at Park Hospital, Davyhulme and his parents – Elizabeth and Peter Morrissey – were working-class Irish Catholics. They had emigrated to Manchester from Dublin with his sibling, elder sister Jacqueline. They had given him the forename of Steven after the American actor Steve Cochran and his earliest home was a council house at 17 Harper Street in the Hulme area of inner Manchester. He also became aware of the sentiment in British society against Irish migrants to Britain. In 1970 the family relocated to another house at 384 Kings Road. Following an early education at St. Wilfreds Primary School, Morrissey failed his 11-plus exam, and proceeded to St. Marys Technical Modern School and he excelled at athletics, although he was an unpopular loner at the schoolMorrissey – Morrissey, 2005
50. Frank Ocean – Christopher Francis Frank Ocean, is an American singer, songwriter, and rapper. Known for his musical style, Ocean first embarked on a career as a ghostwriter. He released his mixtape, Nostalgia, Ultra, to critical acclaim in 2011. It generated his first charting single Novacane, in 2012, Ocean finished in second place in BBCs Sound of 2012 poll. His debut studio album, Channel Orange, was released in July 2012 to critical acclaim and it was promoted with three singles, Thinkin Bout You, Pyramids and Sweet Life. In 2016, Ocean released the visual album Endless alongside his studio album Blonde. Blonde was acclaimed by critics, and debuted at one in the United States. Ocean was born Christopher Edwin Breaux on October 28,1987, in Long Beach, California to parents Calvin Edward Cooksey, when he was around five years old, he and his family moved to New Orleans, Louisiana. He grew up around its local jazz scene and listened to his mothers CDs on her car stereo, including albums by Celine Dion, Anita Baker, as a teenager, he did neighborhood chores and saved up money to rent studio time. As he recalled, Oh man I had numerous hustles, washing cars was one of them, and mowing lawns and walking dogs. He enrolled in the University of New Orleans and moved into its dormitory in 2005, shortly after he enrolled in the university, Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans and he transferred to the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina hit Oceans hometown of New Orleans and his facility was destroyed by floodwater. He recorded some demos at a studio and shopped them around Los Angeles. After getting a deal, he started working with other record producers and wrote songs for artists such as Justin Bieber, John Legend, Brandy. Ocean later said of his work at the time, There was a point where I was composing for other people, and it might have been comfy to continue to do that and enjoy that income stream and the anonymity. But thats not why I moved away from school and away from family and he has also worked with artists such as Nas and Pharrell Williams. Ocean joined Los Angeles-based hip hop collective Odd Future, whom he had met in 2009 and his friendship with Odd Future member Tyler, The Creator reinvigorated Oceans songwriting. In late 2009, he met Tricky Stewart, who helped him sign a contract with Def Jam Recordings as a solo artist, on February 18,2011, Ocean released his first mixtape, Nostalgia, Ultra, to critical acclaimFrank Ocean – Ocean in December 2011
51. Anita O'Day – Anita ODay was an American jazz singer widely admired for her sense of rhythm and dynamics, and her early big band appearances that shattered the traditional image of the girl singer. Refusing to pander to any female stereotype, ODay presented herself as a hip jazz musician, wearing a band jacket and she changed her surname from Colton to ODay, pig Latin for dough, slang for money. ODay, along with Mel Tormé, is grouped with the West Coast cool school of jazz. Like Tormé, ODay had some training in jazz drums, her longest musical collaboration was with jazz drummer John Poole, while maintaining a central core of hard swing, ODays skills in improvisation of rhythm and melody put her squarely among the pioneers of bebop. She cited Martha Raye as the influence on her vocal style, also expressing admiration for Mildred Bailey, Ella Fitzgerald. She always maintained that the accidental excision of her uvula during a childhood left her incapable of vibrato. That botched operation, she claimed, forced her to develop a more percussive style based on short notes and rhythmic drive. Anita Belle Colton was born to Irish parents, James and Gladys M. Colton in Kansas City, Missouri, Colton took the first chance to leave her unhappy home when, at age 14, she became a contestant in the popular Walk-a-thons as a dancer. She toured with the Walk-a-thons circuits for two years, occasionally being called upon to sing, in 1934, she began touring the Midwest as a marathon dance contestant and singing The Lady in Red for tips. In 1936, she left the endurance contests, determined to become a professional singer. She started out as a girl in such Uptown venues as the Celebrity Club and the Vanity Fair, then found work as a singer and waitress at the Ball of Fire, the Vialago. At the Vialago, ODay met the drummer Don Carter, who introduced her to music theory, they wed in 1937. Her first big break came in 1938 when Down Beat editor Carl Cons hired her to work at his new club at 222 North State Street, the Off-Beat, which became a popular hangout for musicians. Also performing at the Off-Beat was the Max Miller Quartet, which backed ODay for the first ten days of her stay there, the call from Krupa came in early 1941. Of the 34 sides she recorded with Krupa, it was Let Me Off Uptown, a novelty duet with Roy Eldridge and that same year, Down Beat named ODay New Star of the Year. In 1942 she appeared with the Krupa band in two soundies, singing Thanks for the Boogie Ride and Let Me Off Uptown, the same year Down Beat magazine readers voted her into the top five big band singers. ODay came in fourth, with Helen OConnell first, Helen Forrest second, Billie Holiday third, ODay married golf pro and jazz fan Carl Hoff in 1942. When Krupas band broke up after he was arrested for possession of cannabis in 1943, ODay joined Woody Herman for a gig at the Hollywood PalladiumAnita O'Day – Anita O'Day in 2005
52. Anne Pigalle – Anne Pigalle is a French chanteuse and multimedia artist. Anne Pigalle grew up in Paris and she was brought up in an artistic home. Before she was ten years old, she was selected by the choir who said she had the golden voice of an angel. As a teenager, she played guitar in a band, hanging out with Punk musicians in Paris. She appeared in magazines such as ID Magazine No. She then signed a contract with Trevor Horn’s ZTT Records and released an album on ZTT/Island Records in 1985 called Everything Could Be So Perfect, the poster for the single He. Stranger appeared all over London, picturing her in front of a red velvet curtain, Anne Pigalle then appeared in many magazines, including covers such as ID Magazine. In 1986, Miss Pigalle revamped the club, the Café de Paris in Piccadilly, London. It attracted thousands, including Andy Warhol, by then, Anne Pigalle favoured singing at vintage clubs of an old-fashioned glamour, in Tokyo, promoters found a similar club to the Cafe de Paris for her to perform in. She also played at Ronnie Scotts, before an audience including Joni Mitchell and she was photographed by Lord Snowdon, Mario Testino and Nick Knight, her music and image were used in Japanese TV commercials for Jean-Paul Gaultier and Karl Lagerfeld. Around that time she toured Japan and Europe, in 1989, she performed for TV arts programme The South Bank Show for the anniversary of the French Revolution. Other TV appearances included The Tube, Ardissons Bains de Minuit, Japan and Mexico, while in LA in the 1990s, Anne Pigalle played with Leonard Cohens musicians, played with John Lee Hookers musicians in South Central Babes and Rickys. She was voted 5th Best Performer of the Year by LA radio station KCRW Morning Becomes Eclectic. Following her idol Edith Piaf, Pigalle played a show at Chateau Marmont, Los Angeles. Around that time, Pigalle met Nancy Sinatra and Donald Cammell, director of British film Performance, the Amerotic Salon has been performed at The Colony Room and at the Glastonbury Festival. In 2005-2007, she had exhibitions with her paintings and self-portrait polaroids at the Charing Cross Gallery, the Michael Hoppen gallery. She called her art amerotic, âme means soul in French, in 2007, she launched a night at the Grill Room, Café Royal, called Spirit of Ecstasy, where she performed a futuristic cabaret show along with bohemian poet friends. In 2009 and 2010, she was invited to sing sold-out shows in Mexico and at the prestigious Tuareg Festival au Désert in Timbuktu, Mali, Anne Pigalle had travelled the world and had no fixed abode for twenty yearsAnne Pigalle – Anne Pigalle
53. Blaire Reinhard – Blaire Reinhard is a singer, pianist, and songwriter from Morristown, New Jersey. She is the granddaughter of player and Tonight Show bandleader Doc Severinsen. On September 7,2012, her single No Nothing with Curtis & Reinhard reached #92 on the iTunes US Pop Music Chart, Blaire also regularly performs with The Blaire Reinhard Band, Curtis & Reinhard, and other groups in and around New York City. They have been joined onstage by harmonica virtuoso John Popper of Blues Traveler and have jammed with guitar-tapping legend Stanley Jordan, blaires music and voice have appeared in television shows, feature films, radio and cable broadcasts, and other media. At The Pigeon Club Concert For Lauren Steps On The Ceiling Somewhere in Between Tangled Merry Christmas From Doc Severinsen and The Tonight Show Orchestra Blaire Reinhard Band WebsiteBlaire Reinhard – Blaire Reinhard performing in Highland Park, NJ. Photo by Larry Pickover, 2007.
54. Jimmy Roselli – Roselli was born in Hoboken, New Jersey the son of Anna Bernadette Lovella, a seamstress, and Phillip Roselli, a boxer. His mother died two days after he was born and his father abandoned him, leaving him in the care of his aunts and he grew up five doors down from Frank Sinatra who was ten years his senior. In 1944, Roselli joined the United States Army, serving in the 66th Infantry Division, during the war he witnessed the sinking of the SS Léopoldville and served in northern France and Vienna. After the war, he returned to Hoboken where he married Angeline Guiffra and had a daughter, during this time he worked as a construction worker and a pianist. He received his first break in 1954 when Michael Trigger Mike Coppola arranged for him to appear with Jimmy Durante at the Boston Latin Quarter and he had success with the song Mala Femmena on his first album Showcase, Jimmy Roselli. It sold over three records in 1963. It never was a hit song for him, but is considered his signature song and his only pop hit was a remake of There Must Be A Way, a song previously recorded by Joni James. There Must Be A Way was an hit, reaching #13 in Billboard. The song was recorded in 1967 and he also had success with the song All The Time that same year. The song reached number 19 easy listening and his third and last hit song was Please Believe Me in 1968. That song was number 31 easy listening and those were his only U. S. hit singles, although his version of When Your Old Wedding Ring Was New twice appeared in the UK Singles Chart. It peaked at number 51 in 1983, and number 52 in 1987, at the beginning of his career, with appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show, with Jimmy Durante, and at the Copacabana, critics were calling him a miracle. As the New Yorker Magazine states, guys were trying to put a stranglehold on him, although he was in good terms with a number of mob chieftains, he claimed that he had never done business with organized criminals. In 1970, Roselli refused Joseph Colombos offer to sing at a concert that supported the Mob-controlled Italian American Anti-Defamation League, after this incident, Roselli was blackballed from singing in clubs and venues owned or controlled by Mafia associates. At times, he was relegated to selling his music out of the trunk of his car parked in Little Italy in Manhattan, Jimmy Roselli is a favorite among Italian-Americans and his signature tune Mala Femmina is featured twice in Martin Scorseses Mean Streets. Roselli sang in perfect Neapolitan dialect, other Neapolitan songs recorded by Roselli include Core ngrato, Anema e core and Scapricciatiello. Jerry Lewis said of him that Roselli sings as an Italian should sing, later, as the influence of the Mafia waned, Rosellis career experienced a resurgence. In 1989, he found success in the United Kingdom when he played a series of concerts at the London Palladium, during the 1990s, he also headlined various shows at Trump Plaza Hotel and Casino in Atlantic CityJimmy Roselli – Jimmy Roselli in 1965
55. Kathy Sanborn – Kathy Sanborn is an American jazz vocalist and composer based in California. She won a 2015 American Songwriting Award for her song, Fantasy, a native of Los Angeles, she graduated from California State University, Sacramento. Self-released in 2008, Peaceful Sounds is Sanborns debut album, combining jazz, the sometimes dark and philosophical album garnered almost immediate international radio attention. She followed it with Small Galaxy, an upbeat album which reached No.4 on radio station WSCAs Top Chart. Blues for Breakfast, featured Grammy nominee Scott Petito on bass, Chris Carey on drums, the title track showcased Sanborns love of jazz history and her affection for the famed musicians of the 1930s-50s who performed on New Yorks 52nd Street. Sanborn said, I wrote the song, Blues for Breakfast, on New Yorks 52nd Street, the greats would walk the high wire and enthrall and inspire new generations of jazz players. As jazz continues to evolve in the era, I imagine the masters are looking down. In 2011, Sanborn released her single, Magnetized, dedicated to film historian, a fan of classic movies, Sanborn composed the jazz love song as an homage to the power of attraction exhibited by film stars. Six Degrees of Cool showcased Sanborns cool jazz roots, the album includes Bitter Winter and Shanty Man, songs referring to societal effects of economic depression. Drawing from renowned influences such as jazz giants Miles Davis, Chet Baker. Sultry Night includes songs honoring Anita ODay and Cary Grant, Sanborn composed, arranged, sang, played piano, and produced the album. With Fantasía Sanborn paid homage to her Latin heritage, in 2014, an extended version of the albums title track, was released, produced by Ricky Kej. Sanborn is a 2014 Hollywood Music in Media Awards nominee for the single, Sanborn won a 2015 American Songwriting Award for Fantasy, the first single released from the new album. Kej worked with Sanborn on her album Lights of Laniakea, says Sanborn, Back in 2014 at the University of Hawaii, scientists mapped a new supercluster that contains our own galaxy, the Milky Way. They named it Laniakea, which means, Immeasurable Heaven, the album, Lights of Laniakea, describes our universal desire to live in the light – in the immeasurable heaven that is our home. In 2016, Lights of Laniakea was nominated for a ZMR Award, Sanborn appeared on the compilation Action Moves People United, which reached Billboards top ten chart for compilation albums. Sanborn has been compared to 1950s cool jazz singers Anita ODay, Chris Connor and her vocal tone has been compared to the 1970s singer-songwriter Laura Nyro for its depth and timbre. JazzTimes on Sanborns work, Romance is always in the air as far as Kathy Sanborn is concerned, spains NoSoloSmoothJazz. com says, Kathy Sanborn is one of the most original vocalists in the American musical landscapeKathy Sanborn – Vocalist and composer Kathy Sanborn
56. Roberta Sherwood – Roberta Sherwood was an American singer, notable in part for her sudden rise to fame at the age of 43. Robertas father Robert Sherwood was the manager of a minstrel show, she. Roberta started performing in vaudeville at age 11, and the sisters became a vaudeville. In 1932 they met Broadway actor Don Lanning, who mentored Roberta and they both abandoned careers to settle in Miami, opening a small nightclub where she continued to perform. After the restaurant lost its lease, they got a concession to operate a hotel lounge, in 1953 Don was diagnosed with lung cancer and lost their concession. After an attempt to start another nightclub failed, Sherwood began to pursue her career. For several years she met little success. A trip to Las Vegas, where she stayed with family friend Gene Austin, in September 1955 a chance meeting led to a nightclub gig in a Miami Beach club, and in January 1956 she suddenly became a success. The comedian Red Buttons became a fan and brought columnist Walter Winchell to see her, soon she was performing in clubs nationwide and had a contract with Decca Records. She was profiled in Life magazine in October, a November 1956 Billboard poll of DJs picked her as the 19th most popular album artist and #8 on a list of Most Promising Female Vocalists. Sherwood was usually described as a singer, she appeared on stage in a sweater and glasses. Life described her as flashy, richly sentimental, as unsubtle as her crashing cymbal and her recordings apparently did well in jukeboxes, which perhaps explains why they continued to appear. She appeared four times on The Ed Sullivan Show and on other variety shows of the late 1950s. She appeared on The Jackie Gleason Show, as a singer and she was interviewed by Edward R. Murrow on Person to Person. In the 1960s she appeared once on Joey Bishops sitcom and once on his talk show and she also appeared with her sons on a memorable 1964 Lucy Show with Lucille Ball as well as The Donna Reed Shows 4th season episode Donna Meets Roberta. Todon Productions, Donna Reeds production company, used the end of that episode to introduce the pilot of Sherwoods own show and she continued to headline nightclubs into the late 1970s and toured in a variety show with Cyd Charisse, Anna Maria Alberghetti, and others in 1980. Sherwood was an actress, appearing in a 1957 TV movie about the early life of George M. Cohan entitled Mr. Waverly in an episode titled Earthquakes Happen. She received a Lifetime Achievement award from the Film Welfare League in 1985 and she continued performing in the Los Angeles area well into the early 1990s and recorded a final album, The Tribute Collection, in 1992, produced by her son DonRoberta Sherwood – Sherwood in 1963.
57. Dinah Shore – Dinah Shore was an American singer, actress, television personality, and the top-charting female vocalist of the 1940s. After failing singing auditions for the bands of Benny Goodman, TV Guide magazine ranked her at #16 on their list of the top fifty television stars of all time. Stylistically, Shore was compared to two singers who followed her in the mid-to-late 1940s and early 1950s, Doris Day and Patti Page, Fannye Rose Shore was born to Russian-Jewish immigrant shopkeepers, Anna and Solomon Shore, in Winchester, Tennessee. She had a sister,8 years her senior, Elizabeth. When Fannye was two old, she was stricken with polio, a disease that was not preventable at the time. Her parents provided intensive care for her, suggesting rigorous exercising and she recovered, but she sustained a deformed foot and limp. She loved to sing as a child, her mother. Her father would take her to his store where she would perform impromptu songs for the customers. In 1924, the Shore family moved to McMinnville, Tennessee, by her fifth-grade year, the family had moved to Nashville, where she completed elementary school. Although shy because of her limp, she became involved in sports, was a cheerleader at Nashvilles Hume-Fogg High School. At some point, Fannye became known as Frances, when Shore was 16, her mother died unexpectedly from a heart attack. Pursuing her education, she enrolled at Vanderbilt University, where she participated in events and activities. She graduated from the university in 1938 with a degree in sociology and she visited the Grand Ole Opry and made her radio debut on Nashvilles WSM radio station. In many of her auditions, she sang the popular song Dinah, when disc jockey Martin Block could not remember her name, he called her the Dinah girl, and soon after the name stuck, becoming her stage name. She eventually was hired as a vocalist at radio station WNEW and she recorded and performed with the Xavier Cugat orchestra, and signed a recording contract with RCA Victor Records in 1940. In March 1939, Shore debuted on radio on the Sunday afternoon CBS radio program. In February 1940, she became a featured vocalist on the NBC Radio program The Chamber Music Society of Lower Basin Street, a showcase for traditional Dixieland and Blues songs. With Shore, the program became so popular that it was moved from 4,30 Sunday afternoon to a 9,00 Monday night time slot in SeptemberDinah Shore – Publicity photo, 1951
58. Jo Stafford – Jo Elizabeth Stafford was an American traditional pop music singer and occasional actress, whose career spanned five decades from the late 1930s to the early 1980s. Her 1952 song You Belong to Me topped the charts in the United States and United Kingdom, born in Coalinga, California, Stafford made her first musical appearance at age twelve. While still at school she joined her two older sisters to form a vocal trio named The Stafford Sisters, who found moderate success on radio. In 1938, while the sisters were part of the cast of Twentieth Century Foxs production of Alexanders Ragtime Band, Stafford met the members of The Pied Pipers. Bandleader Tommy Dorsey hired them in 1939 to perform vocals for his orchestra. In addition to her recordings with the Pied Pipers, Stafford featured in performances for Dorsey. After leaving the group in 1944, she recorded a series of pop standards for Capitol Records, many of her recordings were backed by the orchestra of Paul Weston. She also performed duets with Gordon MacRae and Frankie Laine and her work with the United Service Organizations giving concerts for soldiers during World War II earned her the nickname G. I. Jo. S. and in 1961 in the U. K. Stafford married twice, first in 1937 to musician John Huddleston, then in 1952 to Paul Weston, with whom she had two children. She and Weston developed a routine in which they assumed the identity of an incompetent lounge act named Jonathan and Darlene Edwards. The act proved popular at parties and among the public when the couple released an album as the Edwardses in 1957. In 1961, the album Jonathan and Darlene Edwards in Paris won Stafford her only Grammy Award for Best Comedy Album, Stafford largely retired as a performer in the mid-1960s, but continued in the music business. She had a resurgence in popularity in the late 1970s when she recorded a cover of the Bee Gees hit. In the 1990s, she began re-releasing some of her material through Corinthian Records and she died in 2008 in Century City, Los Angeles, and is interred with Weston at Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City. Her work in radio, television and music is recognized by three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, Jo Elizabeth Stafford was born in Coalinga, California, in 1917, to Grover Cleveland Stafford and Anna Stafford —a second cousin of World War I hero Sergeant Alvin York. She was the third of four children, both her parents enjoyed singing and sharing music with their family. Staffords father hoped for success in the California oil fields when he moved his family from Gainesboro, Tennessee and her mother was an accomplished banjo player, playing and singing many of the folk songs which influenced Staffords later career. Anna insisted that her children should take lessons, but Jo was the only one among her sisters who took a keen interest in itJo Stafford – Jo Stafford pictured on the back cover of Radio Album magazine, summer 1948
59. Barbra Streisand – Barbara Joan Barbra Streisand is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and filmmaker. She is among a group of entertainers who have been honored with an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, and Tony Award. Streisand is one of the music artists of all time, with more than 68.5 million albums in the United States. She starred in the critically acclaimed Funny Girl, for which she won the Academy Award, with the release of Yentl in 1983, Streisand became the first woman to write, produce, direct, and star in a major studio film. The film won an Oscar for Best Score and a Golden Globe for Best Motion Picture Musical, Streisand received the Golden Globe Award for Best Director, the first woman to win that award. The RIAA and Billboard recognize Streisand as holding the record for the most top 10 albums of any recording artist. According to Billboard, Streisand holds the record for the female with the most number one albums, Billboard also recognizes Streisand as the greatest female of all time on its Billboard 200 chart and one of the greatest artists of all time on its Hot 100 chart. Barbara Joan Streisand was born on April 24,1942, in Brooklyn, New York and her mother had been a soprano singer in her youth and considered a career in music, but later became a school secretary. Her father was a school teacher at the same school. Streisands family was Jewish, her grandparents emigrated from Galicia and her maternal grandparents from the Russian Empire. Her father earned a degree from City College of New York in 1928 and was considered athletic. As a student, he spent his summers outdoors, once working as a lifeguard, hed try anything, his sister Molly said. He married Ida in 1930, two years after graduating, and became a respected educator with a focus on helping underprivileged. In August 1943, a few months after Streisands first birthday, her father died suddenly at age 34 from complications from an epileptic seizure, the family fell into near-poverty, with her mother working as a low-paid bookkeeper. As an adult, Streisand remembered those early years as always feeling like an outcast, explaining and her mother tried to pay their bills but could not give her daughter the attention she craved, When I wanted love from my mother, she gave me food, Streisand says. Streisand recalls that her mother had a voice and sang semi-professionally on occasion. During a visit to the Catskills when Streisand was thirteen, she told Rosie ODonnell, she and that session was the first time Streisand ever asserted herself as an artist, which also became her first moment of inspiration as an artist. She has a brother, Sheldon, and a half-sisterBarbra Streisand – Streisand in 1966
60. Maxine Sullivan – Maxine Sullivan, born Marietta Williams in Homestead, Pennsylvania, was an American jazz vocalist and performer. As a vocalist, Maxine Sullivan was active for half a century and she is best known for her 1937 recording of a swing version of the Scottish folk song Loch Lomond. Throughout her career, Sullivan also appeared as a performer on film as well as on stage, a precursor to better-known later vocalists such as Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday, and Sarah Vaughan, Maxine Sullivan is considered one of the best jazz vocalists of the 1930s. In the mid 1930s she was discovered by Gladys Mosier, Mosier introduced her to Claude Thornhill, which led to her first recordings made in June 1937. Shortly thereafter, Sullivan became a featured vocalist at the Onyx Club in New York City, during this period, she began forming a professional and close personal relationship with bassist John Kirby, who became her second husband in 1938. Early sessions with Kirby in 1937 yielded a hit recording of a version of the Scottish folk song Loch Lomond featuring Sullivan on vocals. Her early popularity also led to an appearance in the movie Going Places with Louis Armstrong. In 1940, Sullivan and Kirby were featured on the radio program Flow Gently Sweet Rhythm, during the 1940s Sullivan then performed with a wide range of bands, including her husbands sextet and groups headed by Teddy Wilson, Benny Carter, and Jimmie Lunceford. Sullivan performed at many of New Yorks hottest jazz spots such as the Ruban Bleu, the Village Vanguard, the Blue Angel, in 1949, Sullivan appeared on the short-lived CBS Television series Uptown Jubilee, and in 1953 starred in the play, Take a Giant Step. The album also highlighted the music of Fats Waller, including versions of Keepin Out of Mischief Now, How Can You Face Me and my Fate Is in Your Hands, Honeysuckle Rose, Aint Misbehavin, and Blue Turning Grey Over You. Sullivan was joined by a sextet that was reminiscent of John Kirbys group of 15 years prior, including trumpeter Charlie Shavers, Sullivan continued to perform throughout the 1970s and made a string of recordings during the 1980s, despite being over 70 years old. Sullivan married four times, her husband was the band leader John Kirby, while her fourth husband, whom she married in 1950, was the stride pianist Cliff Jackson. She had two children, Orville Williams and Paula Morris, Maxine Sullivan died aged 75 in 1987 in New York after suffering a seizure. She was posthumously inducted into the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame in 1998,1956 A Tribute to Andy Razaf 1956 Leonard Feather Presents Maxine Sullivan 19561966 Manassas Jazz Festival 1970 Close as Pages in a Book 1981 The Queen 1983 Good Morning, Life. Louis Blues 1942 - Some of These Days 1949 - Sugar Hill Times Episode 1Maxine Sullivan – Sullivan at the Village Jazz Lounge in Walt Disney World, 1975
61. Violetta Villas – Czesława Gospodarek, known by her stage name Violetta Villas, was a Belgian-born Polish and international cabaret star, singer, actress, composer and songwriter. Her voice was characterized as coloratura soprano, which spanned over 4 octaves and she could play the piano, violin, and trombone and had absolute pitch. Characterisations of her included the voice of the age, the singing toast of the continent, a voice like French champagne. Villas was the first star of the Casino de Paris at Dunes Hotel & Casino in Las Vegas, Villas was known for her conspicuous wardrobe and number-one hits. She was a rights activist. Villas was a controversial person for her alcohol and morphine addiction. Moreover, she had a disorder, which had a bad influence on her contacts with her environment. In 2011, Villas received the Medal for Merit to Culture – Gloria Artis, Villas was born in Heusy, Liège province, the third of four children. She spent her childhood in Belgium and her father Bolesław Cieślak was a miner and bandmaster, and her mother Jane was a housewife. In 1948 she came with her parents to Poland and settled in Lewin Kłodzki where she began studying music and she played the piano and violin in her youth. In 1956 she began studying singing at the State Musical High School in Szczecin. She continued her education in Wrocław with a professor Gisela Posh. In 1959 she began vocal lessons with a professor Eugenia Falkowska in Warsaw. In 1960, Villas made her debut on Polskie Radio at the invitation of its director of music and her first broadcast songs were Gdy zakwitną czereśnie and Ja nie mogę tamtej drugiej znieść. She recorded her first album, Rendez-vous with Violetta Villas in 1962 and she received her first noteworthy prize at the Sopot Festival in 1961 and 1962. In 1964,1965 and 1966 she performed at National Festival of Polish Song in Opole, in 1964 at the National Festival of Polish Song in Opole, Bruno Coquatrix invited her to France. At the 3rd Festival International des Variétés et Music-Halls in Rennes, in 1965, she performed at the Fontaine Theatre. In 1966, at a personal request of Bruno Cocquatrix, Villas appeared in the Grand Music Hall de Varsovie, the premiere was 26 July 1966Violetta Villas – Violetta Villas in 1967
62. Ethel Waters – Ethel Waters was an American singer and actress. She frequently performed jazz, big band, and pop music, on the Broadway stage and in concerts and her notable recordings include Dinah, Stormy Weather, Taking a Chance on Love, Heat Wave, Supper Time, Am I Blue. Cabin in the Sky, Im Coming Virginia, and her version of the spiritual His Eye Is on the Sparrow, Waters was the second African American, after Hattie McDaniel, to be nominated for an Academy Award. She was also the first African-American woman to be nominated for an Emmy Award and he played no role in raising Ethel. Soon after she was born, her mother married Norman Howard, Ethel used the surname Howard as a child, before reverting to her fathers name. She was raised in poverty by her grandmother, Sally Anderson, Waters never lived in the same place for more than 15 months. She said of her childhood, I never was a child. I never was cuddled, or liked, or understood by my family, Waters grew tall, standing 5 9½ in her teens. According to the historian and archivist Rosetta Reitz, Waterss birth in the North. Waters married at the age of 13, but her husband was abusive, on her 17th birthday, she attended a costume party at a nightclub on Juniper Street. She was persuaded to sing two songs and impressed the audience so much that she was offered work at the Lincoln Theatre in Baltimore. She later recalled that she earned the rich sum of ten dollars a week, after her start in Baltimore, Waters toured on the black vaudeville circuit. As she described it later, I used to work from nine until unconscious, despite her early success, she fell on hard times and joined a carnival, traveling in freight cars along the carnival circuit and eventually reaching Chicago. She did not last long with them, though, and soon headed south to Atlanta, Smith demanded that Waters not compete in singing blues opposite her. Waters conceded and sang ballads and popular songs, around 1919, Waters moved to Harlem and there became a celebrity performer in the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s. Her first Harlem job was at Edmonds Cellar, a club with a black patronage and she acted in a blackface comedy, Hello 1919. The jazz historian Rosetta Reitz pointed out that by the time Waters returned to Harlem in 1921, in 1921, Waters became the fifth black woman to make a record, for the tiny Cardinal Records. She later joined Black Swan Records, where Fletcher Henderson was her accompanist, Waters later commented that Henderson tended to perform in a more classical style than she preferred, often lacking the damn-it-to-hell bassEthel Waters – Waters in 1943.
63. Nancy Wilson (jazz singer) – Nancy Wilson is an American singer with more than seventy albums, and three Grammy Awards. She has been labeled a singer of blues, jazz, R&B, pop and soul, an actress. The title she prefers, however, is song stylist and she has received many nicknames including Sweet Nancy, The Baby, Fancy Miss Nancy and The Girl With the Honey-Coated Voice. On February 20,1937, Wilson was the first of six born to Olden Wilson, an iron foundry worker, and Lillian Ryan. Wilsons father would buy records to listen to at home, at an early age Wilson heard recordings from Billy Eckstine, Nat Cole, and Jimmy Scott with Lionel Hamptons Big Band. Wilson says, The juke joint down on the block had a jukebox and there I heard Dinah Washington, Ruth Brown, LaVerne Baker. Wilson became aware of her talent while singing in choirs, imitating singers as a young child. By the age of four, she knew she would become a singer. At the age of 15, while a student at West High School, the prize was an appearance on a twice-a-week television show, Skyline Melodies, which she ended up hosting. She also worked clubs on the east side and north side of Columbus, Ohio, unsure of her future as an entertainer, she entered college to pursue teaching. She spent one year at Ohios Central State College before dropping out and she auditioned and won a spot with Rusty Bryants Carolyn Club Big Band in 1956. She toured with them throughout Canada and the Midwest in 1956 to 1958, while in this group, Wilson made her first recording under Dot Records. When Wilson met Julian Cannonball Adderley, he suggested that she should move to New York City, in 1959, she relocated to New York with a goal of obtaining Cannonball’s manager John Levy as her manager and Capitol Records as her label. Within four weeks of her arrival in New York she got her first big break, the club booked Wilson on a permanent basis, she was singing four nights a week and working as a secretary for the New York Institute of Technology during the day. John Levy sent demos of Guess Who I Saw Today, Sometimes I’m Happy, Capitol Records signed her in 1960. Wilson’s debut single, Guess Who I Saw Today, was so successful that between April 1960 and July 1962 Capitol Records released five Nancy Wilson albums. Her first album, Like in Love, displayed her talent in Rhythm and Blues, Adderley suggested that she should steer away from her original pop style and gear her music toward jazz and ballads. In 1962, they collaborated, producing the album Nancy Wilson and Cannonball Adderley, which propelled her to national prominence, between March 1964 and June 1965, four of Wilsons albums hit the Top 10 on Billboards Top LPs chartNancy Wilson (jazz singer) – Nancy Wilson in 1968