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Pages in category "Tulipa"
The following 26 pages are in this category, out of 26 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tulipa.|
The following 26 pages are in this category, out of 26 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Tulip – The tulip is a Eurasian and North African genus of perennial, bulbous plants in the lily family. It is a herb with showy flowers, of which around 75 wild species are currently accepted. The tulips centre of diversity is in the Pamir, Hindu Kush and it is a common element of steppe and winter-rain Mediterranean vegetation. A number of species and many cultivars are grown in gardens or as potted plants. Tulips are spring-blooming perennials that grow from bulbs, depending on the species, tulip plants can be between 4 inches and 28 inches high. The tulips large flowers usually bloom on scapes with leaves in a rosette at ground level, larger species tend to have multiple leaves. Plants typically have two to six leaves, some species up to 12, the tulips leaf is strap-shaped, with a waxy coating, and the leaves are alternately arranged on the stem, these fleshy blades are often bluish green in color. Most tulips produce only one flower per stem, but a few species bear multiple flowers on their scapes, the generally cup or star-shaped tulip flower has three petals and three sepals, which are often termed tepals because they are nearly identical. These six tepals are often marked on the surface near the bases with darker colorings. Tulip flowers come in a variety of colors, except pure blue. The flowers have six distinct, basifixed stamens with filaments shorter than the tepals, each stigma has three distinct lobes, and the ovaries are superior, with three chambers. The tulips seed is a capsule with a covering and an ellipsoid to globe shape. Each capsule contains numerous flat, disc-shaped seeds in two rows per chamber and these light to dark brown seeds have very thin seed coats and endosperm that does not normally fill the entire seed. Tulipanin is a found in tulips. It is the 3-rutinoside of delphinidin, the chemical compounds named tuliposides and tulipalins can also be found in tulips and are responsible for allergies. Tulipalin A, or α-methylene-γ-butyrolactone, is an allergen, generated by hydrolysis of the glucoside tuliposide A. It induces a dermatitis that is mostly occupational and affects tulip bulb sorters and florists who cut the stems, tulipanin A and B are toxic to horses, cats and dogs. The genus Tulipa was traditionally divided into two sections, Eriostemones and Tulipa, and comprises ca.76 speciesTulip – Tulip
2. Tulipa – The tulip is a Eurasian and North African genus of perennial, bulbous plants in the lily family. It is a herb with showy flowers, of which around 75 wild species are currently accepted. The tulips centre of diversity is in the Pamir, Hindu Kush and it is a common element of steppe and winter-rain Mediterranean vegetation. A number of species and many cultivars are grown in gardens or as potted plants. Tulips are spring-blooming perennials that grow from bulbs, depending on the species, tulip plants can be between 4 inches and 28 inches high. The tulips large flowers usually bloom on scapes with leaves in a rosette at ground level, larger species tend to have multiple leaves. Plants typically have two to six leaves, some species up to 12, the tulips leaf is strap-shaped, with a waxy coating, and the leaves are alternately arranged on the stem, these fleshy blades are often bluish green in color. Most tulips produce only one flower per stem, but a few species bear multiple flowers on their scapes, the generally cup or star-shaped tulip flower has three petals and three sepals, which are often termed tepals because they are nearly identical. These six tepals are often marked on the surface near the bases with darker colorings. Tulip flowers come in a variety of colors, except pure blue. The flowers have six distinct, basifixed stamens with filaments shorter than the tepals, each stigma has three distinct lobes, and the ovaries are superior, with three chambers. The tulips seed is a capsule with a covering and an ellipsoid to globe shape. Each capsule contains numerous flat, disc-shaped seeds in two rows per chamber and these light to dark brown seeds have very thin seed coats and endosperm that does not normally fill the entire seed. Tulipanin is a found in tulips. It is the 3-rutinoside of delphinidin, the chemical compounds named tuliposides and tulipalins can also be found in tulips and are responsible for allergies. Tulipalin A, or α-methylene-γ-butyrolactone, is an allergen, generated by hydrolysis of the glucoside tuliposide A. It induces a dermatitis that is mostly occupational and affects tulip bulb sorters and florists who cut the stems, tulipanin A and B are toxic to horses, cats and dogs. The genus Tulipa was traditionally divided into two sections, Eriostemones and Tulipa, and comprises ca.76 speciesTulipa – Tulip
3. Tulipa clusiana – Tulipa clusiana, the lady tulip, is an Asian species of tulip native to Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan and the western Himalayas. It is widely cultivated as an ornamental and is naturalized in France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Tunisia, Greece. The plant grows to a height of 6 to 12 in and it flowers during the spring season. John Grimshaws Garden Diary, Tulipa clusiana Candy Cane Tulip, white petals brushed with red on the outside. Flowers open wide and flat in the sun, lady Jane is one of the most graceful of all tulipsTulipa clusiana – Lady Tulip
4. Tulipa cypria – Tulipa cypria, the Cyprus tulip is an erect perennial bulbous herb, 15–40 cm high, with glabrous, glaucous Leaves. The four leaves are alternate, simple, entire, fleshy, the two lower ones larger, laceolate, 10-20 x 2–6 cm, with undulate margins. One terminal showy flower, perianth cup shaped, of six free, petaloid segments,2. 5-9 x 1-3.5 cm, with dark blood-red colour, the Cyprian tulip Grows in Juniperus phoenicea maquis, pastures and cereal fields, on limestone at 150–300 m altitude. The plant is endemic to Cyprus, on Akamas, Kormakitis and it is very rare and strictly protected. Cyprus tulip photo - Tulipa cypria - G134689 | ARKive, pacific Bulb Society | Tulipa Species One. KARPAZ MEDOS LALESI FESTIVAL, KARPAZ PENINSULA - NORTH CYPRUS Photo Gallery by Omer Yagiz at pbase. com, Tulipa cypria - Cyprus Endemic - YouTubeTulipa cypria – Cyprus tulip
5. Tulipa gesneriana – Tulipa gesneriana, the Didiers tulip or garden tulip, is a species of plants in the lily family, cultivated as an ornamental in many countries because of its large, showy flowers. It has become naturalised in parts of central and southern Europe, most of the cultivated forms of tulip are derived from Tulipa gesneriana. This tall, late-blooming species has a single blooming flower and linear or broadly lanceolate leaves, when the tulip originally arrived in Europe from the Ottoman Empire, its popularity soared and it quickly became a status symbol for the newly wealthy merchants of the Dutch Golden Age. Bulbs were exchanged for land, livestock, and houses, a single bulb, the Semper Augustus, fetched 6,000 florins in Haarlem — at that time, a florin could purchase a bushel of wheat. The flower and bulb can cause dermatitis through the allergen, tuliposide A, the sweet-scented bisexual flowers appear during April and May. The bulbs may be dried and pulverised and added to cereals or flourTulipa gesneriana – Tulipa gesneriana
6. Tulipa humilis – Tulipa humilis is a species of flowering plant in the lily family, found in Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Turkey, Iran, and the North Caucasus region of Russia. The flowers are pink with yellow centers and its preferred habitat are rocky mountain slopes. It is known by other names in horticulture. Tulipa humilis is a variable species in both size and the appearance of the flowers. Several different names used in horticulture refer to this species, & Buhse – wild plants are T. humilis var. violacea, cultivated plants T. humilis Violacea GroupTulipa humilis – Tulipa humilis
7. Tulipa linifolia – Tulipa linifolia the flax-leaved tulip or Bokhara tulip is a species of flowering plant in the tulip genus Tulipa, family Liliaceae, native to Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, northern Iran and Afghanistan. Growing to 20 cm tall, it is a perennial with wavy red-margined sword-shaped leaves. Each petal has blackish marks at the base, for a general description of the taxonomic and nomenclature confusion, see Paghats Garden, especially for the relationship between T. linifolia and T. batalinii, and also Pacific Bulb Society. T. linifolia is often referred to in horticulture as Batalinii Group, and also in some databases such as the USDA. The Latin specific epithet means with leaves like flax. Several cultivars are grown as ornamental plants in gardens, including Bronze Charm as well as such as Gem. Tulipa linifolia and its cultivar Bright Gem have gained the Royal Horticultural Societys Award of Garden MeritTulipa linifolia – Tulipa linifolia
8. Tulipa polychroma – The polychrome tulip is of flowering plant in the tulip genus Tulipa, family Liliaceae. It is sometimes classified as a subspecies of Tulipa biflora and was considered a synonym for T. buhseana Boiss. Tulipa polychroma is a bulbous plant that grows between 6 and 17 cm tall. The bulb is small and has a tunic, with woolly hairs on the inside. It has one to two straplike deeply channelled dark green leaves that are longer than the stem, normally only a single flower appears, but sometimes double flowers are found as well. The bud is upright, the six tepals are between 3,0 to 4,5 cm long, the outer tepals are between 0.3 and 1.5 cm wide, the inner tepals are wider, up to 2.5 cm. The tepals are oval or slightly pointed, the cup-shaped flowers are pure white, with a bright yellow centre that takes up about a third of the flower. The outside of the tepals is light grey-green, the back of the inner tepals are very faintly striped down the middle in bluish green. The tips of both inner and outer tepals can have a reddish tinge and it flowers in late February, in England it is normally the first of the species tulips to flower. The plant is similar to Tulipa biflora, which has a wider distribution. The latter has single flowers, wider inner tepals and a leathery tunic. In the bulb trade, the forms of Tulipa biflora tend to be sold as Tulipa polychroma. In Afghanistan, it grows in the Pistacia atlantica ecotope, gutterman mentions patches of Tulipa polychroma in the Negev, probably a confusion with T. biflora. Tulipa polychroma is rarely grown in gardens, as the flowers are quite small and it has been in cultivation since 1894. Wilford comments, The small-flowered forms of Tulipa polychroma can be disappointing, the plants need a fertile, highly permeable soil and a sheltered sunny spot, otherwise their stems will become spindly and etiolated and the flowers can fall over. They should be planted 10–12 cm deep and the distance apart. They naturalise easily and tend to form clumps, the flowers only open in sunshine and emit a fairly strong fruity smell. The plant was first described by the Austrian botanist Otto Stapf in 1885, the locus typicus is Mt Karagan near Shurab in IranTulipa polychroma – Tulipa polychroma
9. Tulipa pulchella – Tulipa pulchella is a dwarf tulip native to Iran and Turkey. It has a bulb 1–2 cm diameter, which produces a stem up to 20 cm tall. The leaves are glaucous-green, 10–15 cm long, the flowers are reddish-purple, with six tepals 3 cm long and 1.5 cm broad. In horticulture often used synonymously with Tulipa humilis and it was introduced to Europe in the early 19th century, where a small number of cultivars are grown as ornamental plants in gardens. It is one of the few species with a number of cultivars. These include Persian Pearl, Eastern Star, and ObalisqueTulipa pulchella – Tulipa pulchella
10. Tulipa saxatilis – Tulipa saxatilis is a Greek and Turkish species of plants in the genus of tulips in the. Tulipa saxatilis is a herbaceous plant. The stems can reach a height of up to 25 centimeters and this Geophyte forms bulbs as resting buds. The egg-shaped bulbs have a shell, are 2 to 3.5 cm long and 1.5 to 3 cm wide. The two to three leaves are up to 38 centimeters long and 4.5 centimeters wide, and are flat, narrow, the flowers are usually single, rarely in pairs on the stem. The perianth is bright pink, with a demarcated yellow centre. The three outer petals are 38 to 53 mm long and 9 to 18 mm wide, the three inner ones being the length, but wider. The stamens are hairy at the base, with brown to black anthers that are 4.5 to 7 millimeters long, the capsule has coarse cross veins in the upper part. The flowering period extends from March to May, there are diploid and triploid plants with 2n =24 and 36 chromosomes. Tulipa saxatilis is primarily a plant of the Southern Aegean islands and it is also found scattered in the limestone areas of Crete, also on Karpathos and occasionally on Rhodes and the Datça peninsula in Western Turkey. It grows at the edges of fields, scree slopes and rock faces up to 900 m, the species is also cultivated as an ornamental, and is reportedly naturalized on the Greek mainland as well as in Italy and on the Scilly Isles in the United Kingdom. A common cultivar is Lilac Wonder, often classified as a cultivar of the subspecies T saxatilis ssp. bakeri A. D. Hall, however, it is commonly considered to be derived from T. saxatilis sensu strictu. Virtual Botanical Museum of Crete” – MEDITERRANEAN AGRONOMIC INSTITUTE OF CHANIA,2008, operational Programme “Information Society”, Measure 2.4 RHS, Tulipa saxatilis Lilac WonderTulipa saxatilis – Tulipa saxatilis
11. Tulipa schrenkii – Tulipa schrenkii or Schrencks tulip is a bulbous herbaceous perennial of species of tulip in the family of the Liliaceae. It belongs to the section tulipa, the tunic of the bulb is dark brown. Stiff hairs grow on the inside, especially towards the tip, the 3-4 leaves are glaucous and undulate. They are normally 10, sometimes up to 20 cm long, the stem is 15–30 cm long and glabrous, sometimes slightly hairy. The flowers of Tulipa schrenckii are bowl shaped and very varied in colour and they can be red, light-red, pink, yellow or white. The status of the Anatolian populations is dubious, as they could be descended from plants cultivated in gardens. Gerhard Pils only lists Tulipa sylvestris, Tulipa humilis, Tulipa saxatilis, christenhuit et al. assume ca. seven wild species, without listing them however. Tulipa schrenckii grows in the steppe and in semideserts, up to 600 m ASL, in Russia and Kazakhstan this tulip is listed on the Red List of endangered species. Tulipa schrenckii was first described in 1794 by Albrecht Wilhelm Roth in the Annalen der Botanik 10,44. as Tulipa suaveolens, the Latin ephithet suaveolens means sweet-smelling. Different species were described from different sites, which turned out to be all members of the species Tulipa schrenckii. Tulipa schrenckii was described in 1873 by Eduard August von Regel in the Trudy Imperatorskago S. -Peterburgskago Botaničeskago Sada, the ephiteton schrenkii honours the Baltic-German botanist Alexander Gustav von Schrenk. The wild Tulipa schrenckii is known in Turkey as Kefe Lale, johannes Marius Cornelis Hoog thinks that it is one of the parent species of the horned tulip Tulipa cornuta, often wrongly labelled as Tulipa acuminata in the bulb-trade). Sultan Selim II had 300.000 bulbs brought from Kefe for the gardens of the Topkapı-Sarajı in Istanbul, Tulipa schrenckii is also a progenitor of the low-growing Duc-tulips, which are attested in the Netherlands since the end of the 16th. They were named for Adrian Duyk from Oud-Karspel in the Netherlands. ), a painting by Jakob de Gheyn II. A moth is sitting on the vase, drawings by Jakob de Gheyn show this plant as well Bulbs of Tulipa schrenkii were imported 1881 into the Netherlands, where they were hybridised with other domesticated tulipsTulipa schrenkii – Tulipa schrenkii
12. Tulipa sprengeri – Tulipa sprengeri is a wild tulip from the Pontic coast of Turkey. It is quite rare and possibly extinct in the wild, daniel Hall put it into the Kolpakowskiana group, later in the solitary species. Wessel Marais placed it in section Tulipa because of its naked filament, the plant is easy to identify. Synonyms, T. brachyanthera FREY, described by Josef Franz Freyn in 1896 collected by J. J. Manissadjian in Amasya in 1894, the tunic of the bulb is papery, glabrous, chestnut-coloured and only slightly hairy near the stem. The five to six leaves are linear-lanceolate, channeled, bright green, the stem is 20-30, sometimes up to 40 cm long. There is only one flower per bulb, the buds are upright and bright green, the flower is bright red without a basal blotch. They are very narrow on the base, often leaving a gap, the flower itself is funnel-, later star-shaped. The filaments are glabrous, bright red at the top, pale yellow at base, 19–22 mm long, ca.1 mm wide at tip, in England, it flowers in May and early June, the latest of the species tulips. The flowering time in the wild is unknown, the plant was introduced to Europe by the German gardener Mühlendorff in 1892, who discovered it near Amasya. It is named after Carl Sprenger, a gardener, who also published a description of the plant. The first scientific description was produced by J. Gilbert Baker in 1894 in the Gardeners Chronicle, Mühlendorff sent bulbs to the nursery of Damman&Cie near Naples in Italy, which then supplied numerous bulbs to European gardeners between 1895 and 1898. The Armenian teacher J. J. Manissadijan from Merzifon supplied bulbs to the Dutch company Van Tubergen and he also sold other rare plants, like Iris gatesi to Dutch commercial gardeners. Obviously, too many bulbs were taken from the wild, later, he had to flee the country. The Englishman Edward Whittall from Izmir seems to have supplied Damman & Sprenger as well, no wild plants have been recorded since the First World War. There are no descriptions of the habitat of the plant. Sprengers tulip is grown in over 30 Botanical gardens, among them Kew, Kopenhagen, Bonn and Edinburgh, M. Rix believes that it may yet be rediscovered in the wild. The Atatürk Arboretum in Istanbul has initiated a project in co-operation with Kew Gardens. Genetic studies have shown that the tulips grown at Kew have retained a wide genetic diversityTulipa sprengeri – Tulipa sprengeri
13. Tulipa sylvestris – Tulipa sylvestris, the wild tulip or woodland tulip, is a Eurasian and North African species of wild tulip, a plant in the lily family. Its native range extends from Portugal and Morocco to western China, covering most of the Mediterranean and Black Sea Basins, the species is also cultivated as an ornamental and naturalized in central and northern Europe as well as a few scattered locations in North America. It is a perennial, usually with yellow flowers, sometimes tinged red on the outside. Australis Pamp - from Portugal + Morocco to Xinjiang Tulipa sylvestris subsp, primulina Maire & Weiller - Algeria, Morocco Tulipa sylvestris subsp. Sylvestris - Italy, Libya Tulipa australis is found on the island of Malta, in the Mediterranean SeaTulipa sylvestris – woodland tulip
14. Tulipa tarda – Tulipa tarda is a perennial growing from a bulb. It belongs to the section biflores and it has a leathery tunic that is glabrous on the inside. It has up to seven linear green leaves that can be up to 20 cm long, the stem is between 4 and 20 cm long. The yellow flowers have white tips, anthers and stamen are yellow, Tulipa tarda is native to central Asia, growing in rocky subalpine meadows in the Tien Shan. It was confused with Tulipa dasystemon for a time. The plant blooms in late April and early May in the Northern Hemisphere, the plant was accorded the RHS AGM in 1993. Anna Pavord 1999, The Tulip, London Bloomsbury,337 Media related to Tulipa tarda at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Tulipa tarda at Wikispecies Tulipa tarda, ornamental Plants from Russia and Adjacent States of the Former Soviet Union. Missouri Botanical Garden – via eFloras. org, pacific Bulb Society USDA PLANTS Profile Kew Plant List IPNI ListingTulipa tarda – Tulipa tarda
15. Tulip mania – Tulip mania or tulipomania was a period in the Dutch Golden Age during which contract prices for bulbs of the recently introduced tulip reached extraordinarily high levels and then suddenly collapsed. At the peak of tulip mania, in March 1637, some single tulip bulbs sold for more than 10 times the income of a skilled craftsman. The term tulip mania is now often used metaphorically to refer to any large economic bubble when asset prices deviate from intrinsic values, the 1637 event was popularized in 1841 by the book Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds, written by British journalist Charles Mackay. According to Mackay, at one point 12 acres of land were offered for a Semper Augustus bulb, Mackay claims that many such investors were ruined by the fall in prices, and Dutch commerce suffered a severe shock. Although Mackays book is a classic, his account is contested, many modern scholars feel that the mania was not as extraordinary as Mackay described and argue that not enough price data are available to prove that a tulip bulb bubble actually occurred. Research is difficult because of the economic data from the 1630s—much of which come from biased. Some modern economists have proposed rational explanations, rather than a speculative mania, for the rise, for example, other flowers, such as the hyacinth, also had high initial prices at the time of their introduction, which immediately fell. The high asset prices may also have driven by expectations of a parliamentary decree that contracts could be voided for a small cost—thus lowering the risk to buyers. Tulip bulbs were soon distributed from Vienna to Augsburg, Antwerp and he planted his collection of tulip bulbs and found they were able to tolerate the harsher conditions of the Low Countries, shortly thereafter the tulip began to grow in popularity. The tulip was different from other flower known to Europe at that time. The appearance of the tulip as a status symbol at this time coincides with the rise of newly independent Hollands trade fortunes. No longer the Spanish Netherlands, its resources could now be channeled into commerce. Amsterdam merchants were at the center of the lucrative East Indies trade, as a result, tulips rapidly became a coveted luxury item, and a profusion of varieties followed. They were classified in groups, the tulips of red, yellow, or white were known as Couleren, the multicolored Rosen, Violetten, and the rarest of all. The multicolor effects of intricate lines and flame-like streaks on the petals were vivid and spectacular, growers named their new varieties with exalted titles. Many early forms were prefixed Admirael, often combined with the growers names, generael was another prefix used for around thirty varieties. Later varieties were given even more extravagant names, derived from Alexander the Great or Scipio, or even Admiral of Admirals, however, naming could be haphazard and varieties highly variable in quality. Most of these varieties have now died out, tulips grow from bulbs, and can be propagated through both seeds and budsTulip mania – A tulip, known as "the Viceroy" (viseroij), displayed in the 1637 Dutch catalog 'Verzameling van een Meenigte Tulipaanen'. Its bulb cost between 3,000 and 4,200 guilders (florins) depending on size (aase). A skilled craftsman at the time earned about 300 guilders a year.
16. Tulip period – The Tulip Period or Tulip Era is a period in Ottoman history from the Treaty of Passarowitz on 21 July 1718 to the Patrona Halil Revolt on 28 September 1730. This was a peaceful period, during which the Ottoman Empire began to orient itself towards Europe. The name of the period derives from the tulip craze among the Ottoman court society, cultivating this culturally ambiguous emblem had become a celebrated practice. The Tulip Period illustrated the conflicts brought by early modern culture and was a shared material symbolism. During this period the elite and high-class society of the Ottoman period had established an immense fondness for the tulip, Tulips defined nobility and privilege, both in terms of goods and leisure time. The Grand Vizier was himself very fond of tulip bulbs, setting an example for Istanbul’s elite who started to cherish the tulip’s endless variety in paint, the Ottoman standard of dress and its commodity culture incorporated their passion for the tulip. Within Istanbul, one could find tulips from the markets to the plastic arts to silks. Tulip bulbs could be everywhere, the demand grew within the elite community where they could be found in homes. Therefore, the tulip is a symbol with mythical appeal, which can be found from Ottoman palaces to their clothing, the tulip can be seen as a romantic monument representing the wealthy and elite, and the fragility of despotic rule. The Tulip period saw a flowering of arts, culture and architecture, generally the style of architecture and decoration became more elaborate, being influenced by the Baroque period in movement. A classic example is the Fountain of Ahmed III in front of Topkapi Palace in Istanbul, the architectural style is a fusion of classical Islamic elements with baroque European ones, making it into distinct Ottoman architecture of the 18th century. The tulip was also praised in poetry and motifs used in paintings, to this day in modern Turkey the tulip is still considered the embodiment of perfection and beauty. Turkish Airlines decorates its planes with a painting of a tulip on its fuselage and these albums that Levni painted were called Tulip albums which mirrored the structure of the states itself, ranking distinguished members of the regime according to horticultural achievements. Tulip prices began to rise in the last decades of the 17th century and this reflected the demand for the inflated value of the rare bulbs and escalating demands for flowers in the elite’s palaces and gardens. Tulip mania demonstrated the power to regulate the economy by increasing the prices for bulbs. Courtiers at the time forwarded a petition to denounce the practice of flower sellers and this led to the process of issuing inventories of flowers and price lists to the judge of Istanbul for enforcement. Tulip mania – during the Dutch Golden Age in the 17th century Derinsular. com – During and After the Tulip Era Enfal. de – Lale Devri Encyclopædia Britannica Online – Abdülcelil Levnî Yılmaz, Nalan. Ottoman Studies Online – Levni, one of the last Ottoman miniaturists Abdulcelil Levni Culture of the Ottoman Empire Jean-Baptiste van Mour Salzmann, the Age of Tulips Confluence and Conflict in Early Modern Consumer CultureTulip period – Drawing of a tulip by Abdulcelil Levni (1720)
17. Tulipa turkestanica – Tulipa turkestanica is a species of tulip native to central Asia. It was first described by Eduard August von Regel in 1873 as a variety of T. sylvestris, Tulipa turkestanica is a herbaceous, bulbous perennial growing 10 cm to 15 cm tall, with 2–4 thin glaucous leaves up to 15 cm long on each stem. The margins and tips have a pinkish colour, the leathery bulb is bright reddish-brown and has a hairy tunic. Each plant produces between one and twelve star-shaped flowers, the flowers are ivory white to pinkish red, with a yellow to orange basal blotch, which extends to about a third of the flower. The backs of the tepals are greyish red with a whitish fringe and much wider than the inner tepals. The filaments are orange, and the anthers are dark violet or yellow with a violet tip and it is also slightly smaller and flowers slightly earlier. The flowers only open in direct sunlight, the smell is often described as unpleasant. In the wild, it flowers between March and May, depending on the altitude, the Turkestan tulip is found in the Pamir Alai and Tien Shan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkestan, Iran and Dzungaria in Northwest China. It grows on slopes, river margins and rocky ledges between 1800–2500 m asl. Tulipa turkestanica is a plant often grown in rock gardens. In England, it flowers in the middle of March, as other tulips of the Eriostemenes group, Tulipa turkestanica cannot be crossed with garden tulipsTulipa turkestanica – Turkestan tulip