Category:Vincent Scully Prize winners
Pages in category "Vincent Scully Prize winners"
The following 19 pages are in this category, out of 19 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 19 pages are in this category, out of 19 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Christopher Alexander – Christopher Wolfgang Alexander is a widely influential architect and design theorist, and currently emeritus professor at the University of California, Berkeley. His theories about the nature of human-centered design have affected fields beyond architecture, including design, software, sociology. Alexander has designed and personally built over 100 buildings, both as an architect and a general contractor, in software, Alexander is regarded as the father of the pattern language movement. The first wiki—the technology behind Wikipedia—led directly from Alexanders work, according to its creator, Alexanders work has also influenced the development of agile software development and Scrum. However, Alexander is controversial among some mainstream architects and critics, in part because his work is harshly critical of much of contemporary architectural theory. Alexander is perhaps best known for his 1977 book A Pattern Language, reasoning that users are more sensitive to their needs than any architect could be, he produced and validated a pattern language to empower anyone to design and build at any scale. As a young child Alexander emigrated in fall 1938 with his parents from Austria to England and he spent much of his childhood in Chichester and Oxford, England, where he began his education in the sciences. He moved from England to the United States in 1958 to study at Harvard University and he moved to Berkeley, California in 1963 to accept an appointment as Professor of Architecture, a position he would hold for almost 40 years. In 2002, after his retirement, Alexander moved to Arundel, England, Alexander is married to Margaret Moore Alexander, and he has two daughters, Sophie and Lily, by his former wife Pamela. In 1954, he was awarded the top open scholarship to Trinity College, Cambridge University in chemistry and physics and he earned a Bachelors degree in Architecture and a Masters degree in Mathematics. He took his doctorate at Harvard, and was elected fellow at Harvard, during the same period he worked at MIT in transportation theory and computer science, and worked at Harvard in cognition and cognitive studies. The Timeless Way of Building described the perfection of use to which buildings could aspire, There is one way of building. It is a years old, and the same today as it has ever been. The great traditional buildings of the past, the villages and tents and it is not possible to make great buildings, or great towns, beautiful places, places where you feel yourself, places where you feel alive, except by following this way. And, as you see, this way will lead anyone who looks for it to buildings which are themselves as ancient in their form, as the trees and hills. A Pattern Language, Towns, Buildings, Construction described a practical system in a form that a theoretical mathematician or computer scientist might call a generative grammar. The work originated from an observation that many cities are attractive. The authors said that this occurs because they were built to local regulations that required specific features, the book provides rules and pictures, and leaves decisions to be taken from the precise environment of the projectChristopher Alexander – Christopher Alexander
2. Charles, Prince of Wales – Charles, Prince of Wales is the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II. Known alternatively in South West England as Duke of Cornwall and in Scotland as Duke of Rothesay, he is the heir apparent in British history. He is also the oldest person to be next in line to the throne since Sophia of Hanover, Charles was born at Buckingham Palace as the first grandchild of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. After earning a bachelor of degree from Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1981, he married Lady Diana Spencer and they had two sons, Prince William later to become Duke of Cambridge, and Prince Harry, in 1996, the couple divorced, following well-publicised extramarital affairs. Diana died in a car crash in Paris the following year, in 2005, Charles married Camilla Parker Bowles. Charles has sought to raise awareness of the dangers facing the natural environment. As an environmentalist, he has received awards and recognition from environmental groups around the world. His support for alternative medicine, including homeopathy, has been criticised by some in the medical community and he has been outspoken on the role of architecture in society and the conservation of historic buildings. Subsequently, Charles created Poundbury, a new town based on his theories. He has authored a number of books, including A Vision of Britain, A Personal View of Architecture in 1989 and he was baptised in the palaces Music Room by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Geoffrey Fisher, on 15 December 1948. When Prince Charles was aged three his mothers accession as Queen Elizabeth II made him her heir apparent. As the monarchs eldest son, he took the titles Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles and Prince. Charles attended his mothers coronation at Westminster Abbey on 2 June 1953, seated alongside his grandmother, as was customary for upper-class children at the time, a governess, Catherine Peebles, was appointed and undertook his education between the ages of five and eight. Buckingham Palace announced in 1955 that Charles would attend school rather than have a private tutor, Charles then attended two of his fathers former schools, Cheam Preparatory School in Berkshire, England, followed by Gordonstoun in the north-east of Scotland. He reportedly despised the school, which he described as Colditz in kilts. Upon his return to Gordonstoun, Charles emulated his father in becoming Head Boy and he left in 1967, with six GCE O-levels and two A-levels in history and French, at grades B and C, respectively. Tradition was broken again when Charles proceeded straight from school into universityCharles, Prince of Wales – The Prince of Wales in Jersey, July 2012
3. Adele Chatfield-Taylor – Adele Chatfield-Taylor, a native of Virginia, is an American prominent arts administrator. She served as president and CEO of the American Academy in Rome from 1988 to 2013. Chatfield-Taylor received a B. A. from Manhattanville College in 1966 and an M. S. from the Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, from 1973 to 1980, she was on the staff of the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. She was a Loeb Fellow at the Harvard Graduate School of Design in 1978-1979, from 1984 to 1988, she was director of the Design Arts Program for the National Endowment for the Arts, where she helped establish the Mayors Institute on City Design in 1986. She was a Rome Prize Fellow at the American Academy in Rome in 1983-1984 and she was a Fellow of the New York Institute for the Humanities from 1983 to 1990 and a member of the U. S. Commission of Fine Arts from 1990 to 1994, and was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts, in 2002, Chatfield-Taylor was awarded the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic. In 2010, she was awarded the Vincent Scully Prize from the National Building Museum, adele Chatfield-Taylor is married to the playwright John GuareAdele Chatfield-Taylor – Adele Chatfield-Taylor
4. Jane Jacobs – Jane Jacobs OC OOnt was an American-Canadian journalist, author, and activist best known for her influence on urban studies. Her influential book The Death and Life of Great American Cities argued that urban renewal did not respect the needs of most city-dwellers, the book also introduced sociological concepts such as eyes on the street and social capital. After moving to Toronto in 1968, she joined the opposition to the Spadina Expressway, as a mother and a writer who criticized experts in the male-dominated field of urban planning, Jacobs endured scorn from established figures. She did not have a degree or any formal training in urban planning. Jacobs was born Jane Butzner in Scranton, Pennsylvania, the daughter of John Decker Butzner, a doctor, and Bess Robison Butzner and they were a Protestant family in a heavily Roman Catholic town. Her brother, John Decker Butzner, Jr. served as a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, after graduating from Scranton High School, she worked for a year as the unpaid assistant to the womens page editor at the Scranton Tribune. In 1935, during the Great Depression, she moved to New York City with her sister Betty, Jane Butzner took an immediate liking to Manhattans Greenwich Village, which did not conform to the citys grid structure. The sisters soon moved there from Brooklyn, during her first several years in the city, Jacobs held a variety of jobs, working mainly as a stenographer and freelance writer, often writing about working districts in the city. These experiences, she said, … gave me more of a notion of what was going on in the city and what business was like. Her first job was for a magazine, first as a secretary. She sold articles to the Sunday Herald Tribune, Cue magazine and she studied at Columbia Universitys School of General Studies for two years, taking courses in geology, zoology, law, political science, and economics. About the freedom to study across her wide-ranging interests, she said, For the first time I liked school. Fortunately my high-school marks had been so bad that Barnard decided I could not belong to it, after attending Columbia Universitys School of General Studies for two years, Butzner found a job at Iron Age magazine. A1943 article on economic decline in Scranton was well-publicized and led the Murray Corporation to locate a warplane factory there, encouraged by this success, Butzner petitioned the War Production Board to support more operations in Scranton. Experiencing discrimination at Iron Age, she advocated for equal pay for women. She became a writer for the Office of War Information, and then a reporter for Amerika. While working there she met Robert Hyde Jacobs Jr. a Columbia-educated architect who was designing warplanes for Grumman, Butzner and Jacobs married in 1944. Together they had two sons, James and Ned, and a daughter, Burgin and they bought a three-story building at 555 Hudson St. Jane continued to write for Amerika after the war, while Robert left Grumman and resumed work as an architectJane Jacobs – Jane Jacobs, then chairperson of a civic group in Greenwich Village, at a press conference in 1961.
5. Richard Moe – Richard Moe is an American lawyer from Duluth, Minnesota. Following his graduation from Williams College and the University of Minnesota Law School, Moe went on to a career in government, law. Moe led the National Trust for Historic Preservation for over sixteen years and he battled Tom DeLay and the Disney Corporation, among others, in his quest to save Americas leading historical sites, such as Manassas battlefield. Moe also guided the trust in its effort to preserve historic structures and sites in New Orleans. In 2007, Moe was awarded the Vincent Scully Prize by the National Building Museum in recognition of his contributions to the built environment and that same year he received the Theodore Roosevelt-Woodrow Wilson Award from the American Historical Association. Moe is married and has two children, appearances on C-SPAN C-SPAN Q&A interview with Moe, February 19,2006Richard Moe – at the 2014 National Book Festival
6. Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk – Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk is an American architect and urban planner of Polish-Livonian aristocratic roots based in Miami, Florida. She received her degree in architecture and urban planning from Princeton. She is a representative of New Urbanism and New Classical Architecture, in 1977, Plater-Zyberk was co-founder of the Miami firm Arquitectonica with her husband Andrés Duany, Bernardo Fort-Brescia, Laurinda Hope Spear, and Hervin Romney. Arquitectonica became famous for its style, a dramatic, expressive high-tech modernism. The firms Atlantis Condominium was featured prominently in the credits of Miami Vice. Duany and Plater-Zyberk founded Duany Plater Zyberk & Company in 1980, DPZ became a leader in the national movement called the New Urbanism and distinguished itself by designing traditional towns and retrofitting into existing suburbs into livable downtowns. Plater-Zyberk began teaching at the University of Miami School of Architecture in 1979, starting what became a long, having created a graduate program in Suburb and Town Design in 1988, she continued to explore contemporary issues in city growth and reconstruction with students and faculty. She has also served as director of the universitys Center for Urban Community and Design, in the Fall of 2008, Plater-Zyberk was tapped into Iron Arrow Honor Society, the highest Honor attained at the University of Miami. In 2014, she was awarded the Arts & Culture Award by the Coral Gables Community Foundation, for ten years, Plater-Zyberk was a Trustee of Princeton University, where she chaired the universitys Building Committee during an active period of building and expansion. Architects hired during her tenure on the Building Committee included Princeton graduate Robert Venturi, internationally famous Frank Gehry, Porphyrios designed the Collegiate Gothic Whitman College, the first in a series of new Gothic buildings to be built in the historic center of the university. Plater-Zyberk is a founder and emeritus board member of the Congress for the New Urbanism and she has been a visiting professor at many major North American schools of architecture, has been awarded several honorary doctorates and awards, and lectures frequently. In 2001, she and Duany were awarded the Vincent Scully Prize by the National Building Museum in recognition of their contributions to the American built environment, in 2008, she was appointed to the U. S. Her recent books include The New Civic Art and Suburban Nation, The Rise of Sprawl, Duany, Andrés, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, and Jeff Speck. Suburban Nation, The Rise of Sprawl and the Decline of the American Dream, ISBN 0-86547-606-3 Duany, Andrés, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, and Robert Alminana. The New Civic Art, Elements of Town Planning, the Architecture of Duany Plater-Zyberk and CompanyElizabeth Plater-Zyberk – Léon Krier (2003)
7. William K. Reilly – William Kane Reilly was Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency under President George H. W. Bush. He has served as president of World Wildlife Fund, as a founder or advisor to business ventures. In 2010, he was appointed by President Barack Obama co-chair of the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling to investigate the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Born on January 26,1940 in Decatur, Illinois, into a conservative, deeply religious family, Reilly was strongly influenced by his father, Reillys father moved his family from Illinois to South Texas when Reilly was 10. From the Rio Grande Valley, the Reillys moved to Fall River, Massachusetts and he subsequently attended Yale University, where he earned an A. B. in history. During his Yale years, Reilly took advantage of the year abroad program to study in France. Reilly then earned a LL. B. from Harvard Law School, during that time, he married Elizabeth Libbie Buxton. After completing military service, Reilly returned to school and received a degree in urban planning at Columbia University. In 1968, fresh from planning school and a project in Turkey, Reilly went to work for Urban America. Reilly moved from CEQ to become President of The Conservation Foundation, after the merger, he served as President of World Wildlife Fund until taking over as administrator at the EPA in 1989. During his time at EPA, Reilly championed integration of the environmental and economic agendas. He also led the Agency in assessing and advancing the concerns of the environmental justice movement. Reilly played a role in crafting and securing passage of a new Clean Air bill, enacted by Congress. While at EPA, Reilly elevated attention to restoring the health of natural systems, including the Chesapeake Bay, the Great Lakes, the Gulf of Mexico, federal funding for targeted, high-priority geographic areas jumped from $40 million to over $700 million. He also sought to give impetus to the Presidents policy of no net loss of wetlands, Reilly made pollution prevention a priority, negotiating voluntary agreements with industry to reduce toxic emissions and promote energy conservation, and encouraging recycling and waste reduction. During Reillys final year at EPA the Agency completed cleanup at a Superfund site every five days, Reilly also played a leading role in asserting environmental priorities in U. S. foreign policy. He headed the U. S. delegation to the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992 and he was also prominent in advancing forest conservation on an international scale, culminating in a declaration of principles at the Rio Summit. Reilly accompanied President Bush to the 1989 Paris Economic Summit, the first environment minister to accompany a head of state to this annual meeting, Reilly testified before Congress in support of NAFTA seven timesWilliam K. Reilly – William K. Reilly
8. Charlie Rose – Charles Peete Charlie Rose, Jr. is an American television talk show host and journalist. Since 1991, he has hosted Charlie Rose, a show distributed nationally by PBS since 1993. Rose has also co-anchored CBS This Morning since 2012, Rose also substitutes for CBS Evening News with Scott Pelley when Pelley is off or on assignment. Rose was born in Henderson, North Carolina, the child of Margaret and Charles Peete Rose. As a child, Rose lived above his parents store in Henderson, Rose admitted in a Fresh Dialogues interview that as a child, his insatiable curiosity was constantly getting him in trouble. Everett Jordan got him interested in politics, Rose graduated in 1964 with a Bachelors Degree in History. At Duke, Rose was a member of the Kappa Alpha Order fraternity, Rose earned a Juris Doctor from the Duke University School of Law in 1968. Rose met his wife, Mary, while attending Duke, after his wife was hired by the BBC, Rose handled some assignments for the BBC on a freelance basis. In 1972, while working at New York bank Bankers Trust, Roses break came in 1974, after Bill Moyers hired Rose as managing editor for the PBS series Bill Moyers International Report. In 1975, Moyers named Rose Executive Producer of Bill Moyers Journal, Rose soon began appearing on camera. A Conversation with Jimmy Carter that aired on Moyerss TV series U. S. A, people and Politics, won a 1976 Peabody Award. The Nightwatch broadcast of Roses interview with Charles Manson won an Emmy Award in 1987, on September 30,1991, Charlie Rose premiered on PBS station Thirteen/WNET and has been nationally syndicated on PBS since January 1993. In 1994, Rose moved the show to a studio owned by Bloomberg Television, Rose was a correspondent for 60 Minutes II from its inception in January 1999, until its cancellation in September 2005, and was later named a correspondent on 60 Minutes. Rose was a member of the Board of Directors of Citadel Broadcasting Corporation from 2003 to 2009, in May 2010, Charlie Rose delivered the commencement address at North Carolina State University. Rose has appeared as himself in the film Primary Colors, in a 2000 episode of The Simpsons, Rose and his show were parodied in the Wes Anderson film The Royal Tenenbaums. He appears as himself in the George Clooney-directed film The Ides of March, episodes of The Good Wife and Breaking Bad, Rose has attended several Bilderberg Group conference meetings, including meetings held in the United States in 2008, Spain in 2010, and Switzerland in 2011. Member of Council of Foreign Relations 2014, Rose received an honorary doctorate from the State University of New York at Oswego on October 16,2014, during the colleges annual Lewis B. ODonnell Media Summit, for his contributions in the broadcast, media, on May 8,2016, Rose also received an honorary degree from the University of the SouthCharlie Rose – Rose in May 2014
9. Vincent Scully – Vincent Joseph Scully, Jr. is Sterling Professor Emeritus of the History of Art in Architecture at Yale University, and the author of several books on the subject. Architect Philip Johnson once described Scully as the most influential architectural teacher ever and his lectures at Yale were known to attract casual visitors and packed houses, and regularly received standing ovations. Born and raised in New Haven, Connecticut, Scully attended Hillhouse High School, at the age of 16, he entered Yale University. He earned his BA degree from Yale in 1940, his M. A. in 1947 and he has taught classes at Yale since 1947, often to packed lecture rooms. He is also a Distinguished Visiting Professor at the University of Miami, Scully officially retired from Yale in 1991, but continued giving courses there and at the University of Miami. He announced in 2009, however, at the age of 89, scullys early advocacy was critical to the emergence of both Louis I. Kahn and Robert Venturi as important 20th Century architects. Scully was a critic of the 1963 destruction of New Yorks original Pennsylvania Station, memorably writing. One scuttles in now like a rat, in 1952, Scully and his co-author Antoinette Downing won the Alice Davis Hitchcock Award for their book, The Architectural Heritage of Newport. In 1995, the National Endowment for the Humanities chose Scully to deliver the Jefferson Lecture and his lecture was on the topic of The Architecture of Community, a concept that became central to his architectural philosophy. Scully himself was the first honoree, in 2003 the Urban Land Institute awarded Scully its J. C. Nichols Prize for Visionary Urban Development. In 2004, President George W. Bush presented Scully with the National Medal of Arts, the medal citation read, For his remarkable contributions to the history of design and modern architecture, including his influential teaching as an architectural historian. 2013 Trinity University Press The Earth, the Temple, and the Gods, modern Architecture - The Architecture of Democracy 1961,1974 The Earth, the Temple, and the Gods, Greek Sacred Architecture 1962Vincent Scully – Vincent Scully (right) at the National Building Museum hands over the 2005 Scully Prize to Prince Charles (left)
10. Robert A. M. Stern – Robert Arthur Morton Stern, usually credited as Robert A. M. Stern, is a New York City and New Haven based American architect, professor, and academic writer. He previously served as the Dean of the Yale School of Architecture and he also heads his own architecture firm, Robert A. M. Stern Architects, often referred to as RAMSA. Stern is a representative of New Urbanism and New Classical Architecture, with a emphasis on urban context. He may have been the first architect to use the term postmodernism, in 2011, Stern was honored with the renowned Driehaus Architecture Prize for his achievements in contemporary classical architecture. Some of his firms works include New York Citys new classical 15 Central Park West,20 East End Avenue. Stern was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1939, Stern received a bachelors degree from Columbia University in 1960 and a masters degree in architecture from Yale University in 1965. Stern has cited Vincent Scully and Philip Johnson as early mentors, immediately after leaving Yale, Stern was employed as a curator by the Architectural League of New York, a job he gained through a connection with Philip Johnson. While at the League, he organized the second 40 Under 40 show, which featured the work of then-unknown architects Charles Moore, Robert Venturi, upon leaving the Architectural League, Stern worked as a designer in the office of Richard Meier in 1966. Three years later, he established Stern & Hagmann with a student from his days at Yale. In 1977 he founded its successor firm, Robert A. M. Stern Architects, Stern continues to work for RAMSA today, and has indicated he does not plan to retire. Stern has been dean of the Yale School of Architecture since 1998, previously, he was professor at Columbia University, in the Columbia Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation. He was also director of Columbias Temple Hoyne Buell Center for the Study of American Architecture from 1984 to 1988, Stern is known for his academic work concerning American architectural history. In 1986, he hosted “Pride of Place, Building the American Dream, the series featured Peter Eisenman, Leon Krier, Philip Johnson, Frank Gehry, and other notable architects. Pride of Place was well received by the public, although other architects disliked it, many of Sterns early non-residential scale commissions were for Walt Disney World, including Disneys Yacht Club Resort, Disneys Beach Club Resort, and the plan for Celebration, Florida. He later served on the board of the Walt Disney Company from 1992-2003, many of Sterns early works were private homes in the New York metropolitan area, including in the Hamptons and Westchester County. 15 Central Park West was, at the time of its completion, one of the most successful apartment buildings ever constructed, Stern has designed some of the tallest structures in the United States. Early in his career, he expressed interest in designing skyscrapers, a departure from his work at the time, Sterns tallest structures include the Comcast Center, the tallest building in both Philadelphia and Pennsylvania. The building, clad in glass was described by the Driehaus Prize committee as forward the proportions of the classical obelisk, the building, along with 15 Central Park West, and his plan for Celebration, Florida, were cited as motivation for his winning the awardRobert A. M. Stern – Comcast Center, in Philadelphia
11. Robert Venturi – Robert Charles Venturi, Jr. is an American architect, founding principal of the firm Venturi, Scott Brown and Associates, and one of the major architectural figures in the twentieth century. Together with his wife and partner, Denise Scott Brown, he helped to shape the way that architects, planners and students experience and think about architecture and their buildings, planning, theoretical writings, and teaching have also contributed to the expansion of discourse about architecture. Venturi was awarded the Pritzker Prize in Architecture in 1991, the prize was awarded to him alone, a group of women architects attempted to get her name added retroactively to the prize, but the Pritzker Prize jury declined to do so. Venturi is also known for coining the maxim Less is a bore, Venturi lives in Philadelphia with Denise Scott Brown. Venturi was born in Philadelphia to Robert Venturi, Sr. Venturi attended school at the Episcopal Academy in Merion, Pennsylvania. He graduated summa cum laude from Princeton University in 1947 where he was a member-elect of Phi Beta Kappa and he received his M. F. A. from Princeton in 1950. In 1951 he briefly worked under Eero Saarinen in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan and he was awarded the Rome Prize Fellowship at the American Academy in Rome in 1954, where he studied and toured Europe for two years. From 1954 to 1965, Venturi held teaching positions at the University of Pennsylvania, where he served as Kahns teaching assistant, an instructor and it was there, in 1960, that he met fellow faculty member, architect and planner Denise Scott Brown. Venturi taught later at the Yale School of Architecture and was a lecturer with Scott Brown in 2003 at Harvard Universitys Graduate School of Design. A controversial critic of the blithely functionalist and symbolically vacuous architecture of modernism during the 1950s. Derived from course lectures at the University of Pennsylvania, Venturi received a grant from the Graham Foundation in 1965 to aid in its completion, the book demonstrated, through countless examples, an approach to understanding architectural composition and complexity, and the resulting richness and interest. Drawing from both vernacular and high-style sources, Venturi introduced new lessons from the buildings of both familiar and then forgotten. The book has been translated and published in 18 languages, immediately hailed as a theorist and designer with radical ideas, Venturi went to teach a series of studios at the Yale School of Architecture in the mid-1960s. This second manifesto was an even more stinging rebuke to orthodox modernism, the book coined the terms Duck and Decorated Shed — descriptions of the two predominant ways of embodying iconography in buildings. The work of Venturi, Rauch and Scott Brown adopted the strategy, producing formally simple decorated sheds with rich, complex. Though he and his wife co-authored several additional books at the end of the century, venturis buildings typically juxtapose architectural systems, elements and aims, to acknowledge the conflicts often inherent in a project or site. Venturi created the firm Venturi and Short with William Short in 1960, after John Rauch replaced Short as partner in 1964, the firms name changed to Venturi and Rauch. Venturi married Denise Scott Brown on July 23,1967 in Santa Monica, California, in 1980, The firms name became Venturi, Rauch and Scott Brown, and after Rauchs resignation in 1989, Venturi, Scott Brown and AssociatesRobert Venturi – (2008 in Rome)