Category:Witnesses to the assassination of John F. Kennedy
Pages in category "Witnesses to the assassination of John F. Kennedy"
The following 39 pages are in this category, out of 39 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 39 pages are in this category, out of 39 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Witnesses – Eyewitness is one who testifies what they perceived through his or her senses. A hearsay witness is one who testifies what someone else wrote. In most court proceedings there are many limitations on when hearsay evidence is admissible. Also some types of statements are not subject to such limitations. A witness is one who testifies about the reputation of a person or business entity, when reputation is material to the dispute at issue. Sometimes the testimony is provided in a confidential setting. Although informally a witness includes whoever perceived the event, in law, a witness is different from an informant. A subpoena commands a person to appear. It is used to compel the testimony of a witness in a trial. In many jurisdictions, it is compulsory to comply, to tell the truth, under penalty of perjury. In a proceeding, a witness may be called by either the prosecution or the defense. The side that calls the witness first asks questions, in what is called direct examination. The opposing side then may ask their own questions in what is called cross-examination. In some cases, examination may then be used by the side that called the witness, but usually only to contradict specific testimony from the cross-examination. Recalling a witness means calling a witness, who has already given testimony in a proceeding, to give further testimony.Witnesses – Heinrich Buscher (de) as a witness during the Nuremberg Trials
2. Assassination of John F. Kennedy – John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dealey Plaza in Dallas, Texas. Fatally shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, he was traveling with his wife, Connally's wife, Nellie, in a presidential motorcade. Kennedy's death marked the fourth and most recent assassination of an American President. The Committee was not able to identify any individuals or groups involved with the conspiracy. In addition, the HSCA found that the federal investigations were "seriously flawed" in the possibility of conspiracy. As recommended by the HSCA, the acoustic evidence indicating conspiracy was subsequently re-examined and rejected. However, Kennedy's assassination is still the subject of widespread debate and has spawned numerous conspiracy theories and alternative scenarios. Polling in 2013 showed that 60% of Americans believe that a group of conspirators was responsible for the assassination. President Kennedy traveled to Texas to smooth over frictions in the Democratic Party between liberals Ralph Yarborough and Don Yarborough and conservative John Connally. Leaving from Dallas Love Field, 45 minutes had been allotted for the motorcade to reach the Trade Mart at a planned arrival time of 12:15 p.m. The actual route was chosen to be a meandering 10-mile route between the two places, which could be driven slowly in the allotted time. On November 14, both men attended a meeting at Love Field and drove over the route that Sorrels believed best suited for the motorcade. The Texas School Book Depository was situated at this corner of Houston and Elm. Three vehicles were used for Secret Service and police protection in the Dallas motorcade.Assassination of John F. Kennedy – An aerial view of Dealey Plaza showing the route of President Kennedy's motorcade
3. Ike Altgens – Altgens was 19 when he began his AP career, interrupted during World War II. When his time ended, he returned to Dallas and got married. Altgens soon eventually earned a position as a senior editor. He was on assignment for the AP when he captured two historic images on November 1963. He appeared briefly as a film actor and model with the AP, which ended in 1979. Answering letters and other requests made by assassination researchers. His wife Clara died in 1995 at about the same time in their Dallas home. Police said poisoning by a malfunctioning furnace also may have contributed to their deaths. Ike Altgens was born James William Altgens on April 28, 1919 to Willie May, a housewife, J. H. Altgens, a machinist. Altgens had Mary. He was raised by a widowed aunt. Altgens was hired by the Associated Press in 1938 when he was 19, shortly after his graduation from North Dallas High School. He began his career writing some sports articles. Altgens was assigned in 1940 to work in the wirephoto office. Altgens' career was interrupted during World War II; he moonlighted as a radio broadcaster during this time.Ike Altgens – Ike Altgens circa 1970
4. Hugh Aynesworth – Hugh Grant Aynesworth is an American journalist, investigative reporter, author, teacher. In William Broyles, Jr. described Aynesworth as "one of the most respected authorities on the assassination of John F. Kennedy". He is a native of Clarksburg, West Virginia. Aynesworth's started in 1948. Aynesworth first worked as a freelancer for the Clarksburg Exponent-Telegram. Aynesworth's next two positions were with Donald W. Reynolds-owned newspapers in Arkansas. From 1950 to 1954, Aynesworth was a sports editor for the Fort Smith Times Record making $32/week. At the age of 23, Aynesworth was then hired as managing editor of the Southwest American. According at that time Aynesworth may have been the youngest managing editor of a daily newspaper in the United States. Aynesworth also conducted his first interview while working at the American. In 1957, he left the American with Reynolds regarding compensation. While in Denver, Aynesworth was stabbed by an unknown man who broke down his apartment door one night. Those who speculated for the attack believed Aynesworth may have been targeted in a case of mistaken identity or by a jealous husband. Aynesworth himself reported he thought that the Teamsters may have been involved due to a story on which the UPI was working at the time. While still bandaged from the attack, Aynesworth was hired by the Dallas Morning News in 1960.Hugh Aynesworth – Hugh Aynesworth at the 2013 Texas Book Festival.
5. Badge Man – Some researchers have theorized that this figure is an assassin firing a weapon at the President from the area of the grassy knoll in Dealey Plaza. Speculation about the "Badge Man" figure helped fuel conspiracy theories by members of the Dallas Police Department to kill Kennedy. In response, abundant skeptics proposed alternative interpretations of the image. During the Presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza, Dallas resident Mary Moorman took a series of photographs with her Polaroid camera. The "Badge Man" is reputedly visible in Moorman's most famous photo of the area, taken at the moment of the fatal shot. The Warren Commission did not include it in the volumes of its Report. The House Select Committee on Assassinations sent a high-quality negative of the Moorman photo for enlargement, enhancement, analysis. Mack initially believed Gordon Arnold to be the Badge figure. In his initial observations, Mack had been assisted by photographer and researcher Jack White, who continued his experimentation with the Moorman photograph. In the mid-1980s, White put forward a new version, enhanced in contrast and brightness, which he claimed revealed the figure in high clarity. White's research was discussed in the 1988 documentary series, The Men Who Killed Kennedy. One of the three is described as standing behind the picket fence on the grassy knoll. The narration identifies this shooter as Lucien Sarti, alleged contract killer. Three tramps Umbrella Man Babushka Lady The Moorman Polaroid Photograph JFK Online: Badge Man JFK Files: Badge Man Mary Moorman's Camera - Polaroid Highlander Model 80ABadge Man – The Moorman photograph (detail) showing the fatal shot; "Badge Man" is reputedly located behind the stockade fence at photo center
6. Lee Bowers – Lee Edward Bowers, Jr. was a witness to the assassination of John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963. Some Conspiracy theorists believe that Bowers died under "mysterious circumstances". Bowers served from ages 17 to 21. He attended Hardin-Simmons University for two years then Southern Methodist University for two years, majoring in religion. He worked for the Union Terminal Co. railyard for 15 years, also working as a self-employed builder. In 1964 he began working as manager for a hospital and convalescent home. He had an unobstructed view of the rear of the stockade fence at the top of the grassy knoll. On April 1964, Lee Bowers provided testimony to Joseph A. Ball, assistant counsel of the Warren Commission, at the US Post Office Building in Dallas. Both were still there when the first police officer arrived "immediately" after the shooting. Many assumed that Bowers meant that these men were standing behind the stockade fence at the top of the grassy knoll. Bowers further stated: "At the time of the shooting there seemed to be some commotion" on the high ground above Elm Street. These two men to the best of my knowledge were standing there at the time of the shooting. Bowers told Lane as the motorcade passed "there was a flash of light or smoke" in the vicinity of where the two men were standing. Bowers died in 1966, when his car left an empty road and struck a concrete bridge abutment near Midlothian, Texas. Bowers was played by Pruitt Taylor Vince in the 1991 film JFK.Lee Bowers – Bowers worked in the two-story railroad tower seen at the top of this photo of Dealey Plaza in Dallas, Texas
7. Howard Brennan – Howard Leslie Brennan was a witness to the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963. When testifying, Brennan identified himself as a 45-year-old steamfitter. While waiting for the motorcade, Brennan observed the others in the crowd. Brennan heard a loud noise that he “positively thought was a backfire” just after the president had passed his location. Brennan quickly reported his observations to police officers, "I could see the red brick building across the street from where I was sitting. I had seen him before the President’s car arrived. He was just sitting there looking down apparantly waiting for the same thing I was to see the President. I did not notice anything unusual about this man. He was a white man in his early 30's, slender, nice looking, would weigh about 165 to 175 pounds. He definately not a suit. I proceeded to watch the President’s car … I heard what I thought was a back fire … I looked up at the building. I then saw this man he was taking aim with a high powered rifle. I could see all of the barrel of the gun. I do not know if it had a scope on it or not. I was looking at the time of the last explosion.Howard Brennan – Howard Brennan sitting across from the Texas School Book Depository in Dallas. Circle "A" indicates where he saw a man fire a gun at President Kennedy's motorcade and circle "B" indicates the window in which he saw "colored guys" watching the motorcade.
8. Earle Cabell – Earle Cabell was a Texas politician who served as mayor of Dallas, Texas. Cabell was later a member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Cabell was born in Dallas. He attended Texas A&M University, where he met Jack Crichton and H.R. "Bum" Bright, thereafter Southern Methodist University. After returning from college, he founded, along with Cabell's Inc. a chain of dairies and convenience stores. He later became involved with banking and other investments. In May 1961, he was elected mayor to succeed Robert L. Thornton. On February 1964, Cabell resigned as mayor of Dallas in order to run for Congress. He unseated the ten-year incumbent Bruce Alger. In that same election, Jack Crichton was defeated by a wide margin by the Democratic Governor John B. Connally, Jr. and George Herbert Walker Bush fell to Senator Ralph W. Yarborough. Cabell served four terms in the House before he was defeated by the Republican Alan Steelman in the 1972 election. Following his defeat, he retired in Dallas, where he lived from emphysema. He was buried at Restland Cemetery in Dallas. Courthouse on Commerce Street in Dallas is named in his honor.Earle Cabell – Earle Cabell
9. John Connally – John Bowden Connally, Jr. was an American politician. While Governor of Texas, Connally was seriously wounded when President Kennedy was assassinated. As Treasury Secretary, he is best remembered for removing the U.S. dollar from the gold standard in an event known as the Nixon shock. In 1973 Connally ran unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for President in 1980. He was born into a large family in Floresville, the seat of Wilson County southeast of San Antonio. Connally was one of seven children born to Sr. a dairy and tenant farmer. His six siblings included four brothers: Golfrey, Merrill, Wayne, Stanford Connally and two sisters: Carmen and Blanche. Connally attended Floresville High School and, upon graduation, was one of the few graduates who attended college. Connally graduated at Austin where he was the student body president and a member of the Friar Society. Connally subsequently was admitted to the bar by examination. Connally transferred to the South Pacific Theater, where he served with distinction. Connally was awarded the Bronze Star for bravery. Connally was awarded the Legion of Merit. Connally was also involved in the campaigns in the Gilbert, Marshall, Ryukyu, Philippine islands. Connally was discharged at the rank of Lieutenant Commander.John Connally – John Connally
10. Nellie Connally – Idanell "Nellie" Brill Connally was the First Lady of Texas from 1963 to 1969. Connally was the wife of John Connally, who later as Secretary of the Treasury. Her husband were passengers in the Presidential limousine carrying President John F. Kennedy when he was assassinated in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963. She was born in the eldest of five children of Kathleen Annie and Arno W. Brill. Connally attended the University of Texas where she was named "Sweetheart of the University" in 1938. Connally initially had aspirations to become an actress but gave up those plans after meeting her future husband, John Connally, while attending UT in 1937. The two married in 1940. John Connally began his career in politics working for then Congressman Lyndon B. Johnson. John Connally was elected Governor of Texas in 1962. He was subsequently re-elected for two additional terms. During her tenure as First Lady, she also collected the state silver. While riding in the car with President Kennedy, Connally told President Kennedy, "Mr. President, you can't say Dallas doesn't love you." Within a few seconds, Connally heard the first of what she later concluded were three gunshots in quick succession. The President and Governor Connally were shot, resulting in fatal wounds to Governor Connally. Mrs. Connally got down in the car to take care of her husband, who had slumped after the second shot.Nellie Connally – President John F. Kennedy, First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy and the Connallys in the presidential limousine before the assassination
11. Clint Grant – Donald Clinton "Clint" Grant was an American photographer and photojournalist based in Dallas, Texas. Grant was a photographer with The Dallas Morning News from 1949 to 1986. Grant was particularly known for his "touching" images of animals and children. He was on assignment in November 1963 to cover President John F. Kennedy's trip to Dallas. He also would make several pictures at Parkland Memorial Hospital within minutes after Kennedy's motorcade arrived following the shooting in Dealey Plaza. He was the recipient of multiple photojournalism awards including the Medallion for Excellence in Photojournalism. Grant continued working in a semi-retired capacity for more than a decade thereafter. Grant died at age 93. Clint Grant was born in Nashville, Tennessee. He was drafted into the United States Army before he could report to work. He served during World War II in Europe, where he never used a camera. Grant married Myrtis Ann Halliburton in 1939 after a brief courtship; they had known each other for ten months before they walked down the aisle. When they met, Grant worked behind the counter at the local A&P market where she was a customer. When Grant returned to Dallas in 1945, all Morning News staff photographers resumed their duties, leaving him without a job. Grant ran a studio until 1949, when a position at the newspaper became available.Clint Grant – Clint Grant in an undated family photo
12. William Greer – William Robert Greer was an agent of the U.S. Greer was born on a farm in Stewartstown, County Tyrone, Ireland, emigrated to the United States in 1929. Greer can be seen in several pictures with the Kennedy family. He chauffeured the president including the day of the assassination. Like all agents involved, he has been the target of much criticism for his actions on that day. Along with Secret Service agents Roy Kellerman, Clint Hill, Rufus Youngblood, provided testimony to the Warren Commission in Washington, D.C. on March 9, 1964. Greer retired on disability due to a stomach ulcer that grew worse following the Kennedy assassination. In 1973 he relocated to North Carolina, where he eventually died of cancer. Richard, told author Vince Palamara in 1991 that his father "had absolutely no survivor's guilt." As Roy Kellerman told author William Manchester, "Greer then looked in the back of the car. Maybe he didn't believe me." Greer later delivered a heartfelt apology to her. William Greer at Find a Grave Stabilized Zapruder Film FBI Agent O'Neils ReportWilliam Greer – The Presidential limousine shortly before Kennedy's assassination. Greer is in the driver seat. Agent Roy Kellerman was in the front passenger seat.
13. Jerry Haynes – Jerome Martin "Jerry" Haynes was an American actor from Dallas, Texas. He also appeared in more than 50 films. A 1944 graduate of Dallas' Woodrow Wilson High School, he was the father of musician Gibby Haynes, lead singer of the group Butthole Surfers. He was born to Louise Schimmelpfennig Haynes and Fred Haynes. In 1990, Haynes was inducted into Woodrow Wilson High School's Hall of Fame. Jerry graduated after attending Louisiana State University and Yale. Jerry was father of Gibby Haynes. I were the first to go live on local TV and report the terrible moment. Doris and I gathered our children around and discussed it as best we could. There was no direct discussion about it on Mr. Peppermint the next week. I didn’t feel qualified to counsel the viewers on it. We just behaved in a subdued and respectful manner. In 1970, the show was replaced by a talk program for the adult audience. After the Federal Communications Commission called for more educational programming for children, the show was retooled as "Peppermint Place," a taped half-hour magazine-style program. The show continued for over 20 years eventually being syndicated to 108 markets nationwide before ending its run in 1996.Jerry Haynes – Haynes in the 2007 Red River, New Mexico Fourth of July parade, riding in his trademark Jeep Wrangler painted with candy stripes
14. Clint Hill (Secret Service) – This action was documented in the Zapruder film. He is the last surviving passenger of the presidential limousine that arrived at Parkland Hospital. He was born to his Norwegian mother Alma Pettersen. His birth parents homesteaded near Roseglen. Originally named "Haugen", the family later changed its name to the English version of the name; "Haugen" means "the hill" in Norwegian. Hill's new family took him to Washburn where he eventually graduated from Washburn High School. Hill also attended Concordia College in Moorhead, Minnesota, where he played football, graduated in 1954. After college, he became a Counterintelligence Special Agent where he served until 1957. After the Army, he was assigned to the Denver Secret Service office. In 1958, he served for President Dwight D. Eisenhower. After John F. Kennedy was elected President of the United States, he was assigned to protect Jacqueline Kennedy. The President and Mrs. Kennedy were riding in an open limousine containing three rows of seats. He was riding on the left front running board of the Secret Service car immediately behind the presidential limousine. Soon as the shooting began, he began running to overtake the moving car in front of him. Hill climbed from the rear bumper, crawling over the trunk to the back seat where the President and First Lady were located.Clint Hill (Secret Service) – Clint Hill on the Presidential limousine moments after Kennedy's assassination.
15. Jean Hill – Norma Jean Lollis Hill was an eyewitness to the assassination of United States President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas, on November 22, 1963. A teacher by profession, she was co-wrote JFK: The Last Dissenting Witness with Bill Sloan. Many of Hill's claims have been both embraced. Hill was raised in Ferguson, Oklahoma. After her parents divorced in 1943, she moved to Wewoka, Oklahoma where she later graduated from Wewoka High School. Upon graduation, Hill enrolled at Oklahoma Baptist University. She dropped out after marrying Bill Hill. The couple had two children, Billy. Hill eventually earned a degree in elementary education in 1955. Hill worked until 1962 when the family moved to Dallas for Bill Hill's job at Science Research Associates. Shortly after moving to Dallas, her husband separated. To support her children, Hill got a job as a teacher with the Dallas public school system. Jean and Bill Hill's divorce was finalized in August 1964. Moorman can be seen in the Zapruder film bleached out by unknown parties. At Zapruder frame 313, when Kennedy was shot in the head, Hill was only 21 feet away, leftward, slightly behind him.Jean Hill – Jean Hill (left) and Mary Moorman (right) as captured in Frame 298 of the Zapruder film, just less than one second before the fatal head shot.
16. Lem Johns – Johns was born in and served as a member of the United States Naval Air Corps during World War II. Johns later graduated from Howard College. Johns joined Tobacco Tax Division of the Internal Revenue Service in 1952. He served until 1976, including many years as head of the Birmingham field office. Johns died on May 10, 2014.Lem Johns – Johns on November 22, 1963
17. Roy Kellerman – Roy Herman Kellerman was a U.S. Secret Service Agent assigned to protect President John F. Kennedy when he was assassinated on November 22, 1963. Kellerman joined the Secret Service just before Christmas 1941 transferring temporarily to the White House detail in March 1942 and permanently one month later. In 1965, Kellerman was promoted to "special agent in charge", replacing Floyd Boring. He retired as an assistant administrator. Kellerman died on March 22, 1984. As the Assistant Special Agent in Shift Team # 3, Kellerman was riding in the front passenger seat of the presidential limousine. The driver was Secret Service Agent William Greer. Along with Secret Service agents William Greer, Clint Hill, Rufus Youngblood, provided testimony to the Warren Commission in Washington, D.C. on March 9, 1964. But, if President Kennedy had from Governor Connally three, there have got to be more than three shots, gentlemen." The primary function of the agent was to remain to the President in the event of such emergencies. Kellerman maintained his composure immediately after managing events as they continued to develop. Kellerman testified that he played a role in the autopsy including guiding the doctors toward specific conclusions regarding bullet locations. According to an interview given in 1981, Kellerman did not believe there was a conspiracy to assassinate Kennedy. In the 2013 film Parkland, actor Tom Welling played the role of Kellerman.Roy Kellerman – The Presidential limousine shortly before Kennedy's assassination. Kellerman was in the front passenger seat of the car
18. Mary Moorman – Mary Ann Moorman was a witness to the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy. She is best known for her photograph capturing the presidential limousine a fraction of a second after the fatal shot. Mary Ann Moorman was born Mary Ann Boshart. She married Donald G. Moorman in 1952 and divorced him in 1973. She later married Gary Krahmer in 1980. On November 22, 1963, U.S. President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. Moorman stated that she stepped off the grass onto the street to take her Polaroid photo. She and her friend, Jean Hill, can be clearly seen in many frames of the Zapruder film. Moorman's photograph captured the fatal head shot which killed President Kennedy. She later stated in a 2013 PBS documentary Kennedy Half Century that she was close enough to hear Jackie Kennedy exclaim that John had been shot. In 2013, Moorman attempted to sell the original polaroid through Cowan’s Auctions in Cincinnati. The photo was expected to sell between $50,000 and $75,000, but did not meet its reserve. The house deemed it "too sensitive to auction". That same year, she expressed her opinion on the assassination; she was convinced that Kennedy was killed by a conspiracy. "I was hoping it would come out in my lifetime, but who knows.Mary Moorman – Polaroid photo by Mary Ann Moorman taken a fraction of a second after the fatal shot (detail)
19. Kenneth O'Donnell – O'Donnell served as President Lyndon B. Johnson's aide from 1963 to 1965, was a key campaign advisor for Robert Kennedy's 1968 presidential campaign. Kenneth Patrick O'Donnell was raised in Boston. Both of his parents were Roman Catholics of Irish descent. O'Donnell's older brother, also named Cleo, was a star at Harvard during the 1940s. During World War II O'Donnell served in the US Army Air Corps. After completing his service in the AAC, he studied at 1946 -- 1949. Robert Kennedy remained close friends until the latter's assassination in 1968. Following graduation from Harvard, O'Donnell attended school at Boston College from 1950 -- 51. He later worked as a salesman for the Hollingsworth & Vose Paper Company and then the Whitney Corporation, from 1951 to 1952. O'Donnell later worked from 1952 to 1957. O'Donnell's friendship with Robert Kennedy led with the Kennedy family's political career. In 1946, Robert Kennedy enlisted O'Donnell to work on his elder brother's, first congressional campaign. In 1952, Robert Kennedy campaigned together to get John Kennedy elected to the United States Senate. In 1958, O'Donnell, in 1960, became the organizer and director of Kennedy's presidential campaign schedule. He became President Kennedy's special assistant and Appointments Secretary.Kenneth O'Donnell – Kenneth O'Donnell
20. Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis – Bouvier was the elder daughter of Wall Street stockbroker John Vernou Bouvier III and socialite Janet Lee Bouvier. In 1952, Bouvier met Congressman John F. Kennedy at a dinner party. Shortly after, he was elected to the United States Senate and the couple married the following year. They had four children, two of whom died in infancy. As First Lady, she aided her husband's administration with her presence in social events and with her highly-publicized restoration of the White House. On November 22, 1963, she was riding with him in a motorcade in Dallas, Texas, when he was assassinated. She and her children withdrew from public view after his funeral, she married Aristotle Onassis in 1968. Following her second husband's death in 1975, she had a career as a book editor for the final two decades of her life. She is remembered to the arts and preservation of historic architecture, well as for her style, grace. Her father had English ancestry. Named after her father, Bouvier was baptized at the Church of St. Ignatius Loyola in Manhattan; she was raised in the Catholic faith. Her younger sister Lee was born in 1933. Bouvier spent her early childhood years in Manhattan and at Lasata, the Bouviers' country estate in East Hampton on Long Island. She idolized her father, who likewise favored her over her sister, calling his eldest child "the most beautiful daughter a man ever had". From an early age, Bouvier was an enthusiastic equestrienne and successfully competed in the sport; horse-riding would remain a lifelong passion.Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis – Jacqueline Kennedy at the White House in 1961
21. David Powers – David Francis Powers was Special Assistant and assistant Appointments Secretary to President of the United States John F. Kennedy. Powers served until his retirement in May 1994. Powers was a military veteran who had served during World War II from 1942 to 1945. Powers was also a very close, personal friend of John F. Kennedy. The son of Powers was born in the Charlestown section of Boston. His father died when he was two-years old. In 1996, the Assassination Records Review Board released three-minutes of footage captured by Powers in Dallas prior to the assassination. Powers said he began filming when the motorcade ran out of film at 12:17 p.m before reaching Dealey Plaza. Powers and Kenneth O'Donnell co-authored "Johnny We Hardly Knew Ye": Memories of John Fitzgerald Kennedy. Jenny Powers, gained fame as a Broadway actress and performer. An ardent Democrat like her grandfather, she was asked to sing the National Anthem at the 2000 Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles. Judith Campbell Exner in her autobiography Judith Exner: My Story alleged that Powers assisted in setting up encounters with President Kennedy. Powers would later state that Kennedy never had an affair with Exner. They were shooting from behind that fence." John F. Kennedy Library and Museum bioDavid Powers – David Francis Powers, Special Assistant to President John F. Kennedy.
22. Three tramps – Since the mid-1960s, various allegations have been made about the identities of the men and their involvement in a conspiracy to kill Kennedy. Records released by the Dallas Police Department in 1989 identified the men as Gus Abrams, John Gedney. The men later became known as the "three tramps". Immediately after obtaining the photographs, Gregory held a conference that received considerable coverage and his charges were reported in Rolling Stone and Newsweek. The Rockefeller Commission reported in 1975 that they investigated the allegation that Hunt and Sturgis, on behalf of the CIA, participated in the assassination of Kennedy. According to Mark Lane, Sturgis became involved with Marita Lorenz in 1985, who later identified Sturgis in the assassination. The AP reported that the FBI "apparently discounted any involvement by Harrelson in the Kennedy assassination." According to Jim Marrs in 1989's Crossfire, Harrelson is believed to be the tallest of the "tramps" by many assassination researchers. According to the Houston Chronicle, a detective who worked on the original murder case of Rogers' parents described the scenario as "far-fetched". Holt also stated that he was with Harrelson in Dealey Plaza on the day of the assassination. According to that book, Harrelson and Rogers were sharpshooters on the grassy knoll who were assisted by Holt. Less than a month later, the FBI reported that interviews with Gedney and Doyle revealed no new information about the assassination. He added: "I am a simple country boy, that's the way I want to stay. I wouldn't be a celebrity for $ million." Babushka Lady Badge Man Umbrella Man Fred CrismanThree tramps – E. Howard Hunt and one of the three tramps arrested after JFK's assassination
23. Jack Valenti – Jack Joseph Valenti was a longtime president of the Motion Picture Association of America. He was born on the son of Italian immigrants. During World War II, he was a first lieutenant in the United States Army Air Force. Valenti flew 51 combat missions as the pilot-commander of a B-25 medium bomber and received four decorations, including the Distinguished Flying Cross and Air Medal. He graduated with a BBA. During his time Valenti was president of the university's student government. Valenti would later serve on the university's board of regents. In 1952, a partner named Weldon Weekley founded an advertising agency, with oil company, Conoco, as its first client. In 1956, Valenti met then Senate Majority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson. Weekley & Valenti added a Johnson ally, as a client. In 1960, Valenti's firm assisted in the Kennedy-Johnson presidential campaign. Valenti then lived for the first two months of Johnson's presidency. According to The American Spectator magazine, Valenti "...loved LBJ as no serf ever adored his liege. Valenti later called Johnson "the most single dominating human being that I've ever been in contact with" and "the single most intelligent man I've ever known." I could not let some soil his memory."Jack Valenti – Jack Valenti
24. Wes Wise – Wes Wise was a three-term mayor of Dallas, Texas from 1971 until 1976. Wise was born in Shreveport, Louisiana. Although Wise earned a diploma by passing the high school test, he never graduated college. Wise went on to work at KRLD-TV, a Dallas CBS television affiliate. In 1960 he teamed with Davey O'Brien to call Dallas Cowboys games for CBS. During his CBS years, Wise occasionally covered hard news. In particular, Wise provided on-the-spot coverage of President John F. Kennedy's November 1963 assassination in downtown Dallas' Dealey Plaza. Wise was present in the Dallas Municipal Building when Oswald was shot dead. Wise testified at Jack Ruby's trial for the murder of Oswald. Wise is a co-author of the 2004 memoir When the News Went Live: Dallas 1963. Of Dallas during Kennedy's visit, Wise has said, "Let's face it: At the time, Dallas was considered a hotbed of right-wing hysteria. Gen. Edwin Walker - whom many considered a far-out extremist - had moved here. You might remember that Lee Harvey Oswald took a shot at him, too. H.L. Hunt's right-wing program originated here. So it was hardly a haven for liberals."Wes Wise
25. Ralph Yarborough – He co-wrote the Endangered Species Act and was the most powerful proponent of the Big Thicket National Preserve. Yarborough was the southern senator to vote from 1957 to 1970. He was born in Henderson County west of the seventh of nine children of Charles Richard Yarborough and the former Nannie Jane Spear. He was appointed to the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1919 but dropped out to become a teacher. He instead worked his way at Austin. After Allred was elected governor, he appointed Yarborough to the bench in 1936, making him the 53rd District judge for Austin's Travis County. Yarborough was confirmed in that office by an election later the same year. Yarborough's first run for office resulted in a third-place finish in the Democratic primary against the sitting lieutenant governor. Yarborough achieved the rank of colonel. Texas Secretary of State John Ben Shepperd was elected that year. He served two two-year terms. Angered at Shivers, he ran against the conservative Shivers drawing support from labor liberals. Shivers portrayed Yarborough as an integrationist supported by communists and unions. Yarborough, however, nearly upset Shivers. In 1956, Yarborough made it to the primary runoff for governor against U.S.Ralph Yarborough – Ralph Yarborough
26. Abraham Zapruder – Abraham Zapruder was an American clothing manufacturer who witnessed the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas, on November 22, 1963. He unexpectedly captured the event in a movie while filming the presidential limousine and motorcade as it traveled through Dealey Plaza. He was born into a Jewish family in the city of Kovel, the Russian Empire. Zapruder received only four years of formal education in Russia. Amid the turmoil of the Russian Civil War, his family emigrated to the United States, settling in Brooklyn, New York. Studying English at night, Zapruder found work in Manhattan's garment district. In 1933, Zapruder married Lillian Sapovnik, with whom he had two children. He was an Inspector-General of the Scottish Rite. In 1941, he moved to Dallas, Texas, to work for a local sportswear company. In 1949 Zapruder co-founded Inc. producing the Chalet and Jennifer Juniors brands. His offices were on the fourth floor of the Dal-Tex Building, across the street from the Texas School Book Depository. At the time of the assassination, he considered himself a Democrat. Zapruder's camera was an 8 mm Bell & Howell Zoomatic Director Series Model 414 PD -- top of the line when it was purchased in 1962. Marilyn Sitzman, offered to assist Zapruder as he suffered from vertigo and was apprehensive about standing on the abutment alone. Zapruder's film captured 26.6 seconds of the traveling motorcade carrying President Kennedy on 486 frames of Kodak Kodachrome II film.Abraham Zapruder – Abraham Zapruder's camera, in the collection of the US National Archives