Clouds of Sils Maria

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Clouds of Sils Maria
Clouds of Sils Maria film poster.png
French theatrical release poster
Directed by Olivier Assayas
Produced by Charles Gillibert
Written by Olivier Assayas
Starring
Cinematography Yorick Le Saux
Edited by Marion Monnier
Production
company
CG Cinéma
Pallas Film
CAB Productions
Vortex Sutra
Arte France Cinéma
Orange Studio
Radio Télévision Suisse
SRG SSR idée suisse[1]
Distributed by
Release date
  • 23 May 2014 (2014-05-23) (Cannes)
  • 20 August 2014 (2014-08-20) (France)
Running time
123 minutes[2]
Country
  • France
  • Germany
  • Switzerland
Language English[3][4]
Budget $5.1 million[5]
Box office $3.3 million[6]

Clouds of Sils Maria (known simply as Sils Maria in some territories) is a 2014 drama film written and directed by Olivier Assayas, and starring Juliette Binoche, Kristen Stewart, and Chloë Grace Moretz. The film is a French-German-Swiss co-production.[7] Principal photography took place from August to October 2013, with most of the filming taking place in Sils Maria, Switzerland. The film follows an established middle-aged actress (Binoche) who is cast as the older lover in a romantic lesbian drama opposite an upstart young starlet (Moretz). She is overcome with personal insecurities and professional jealousies—all while sexual tension simmers between her and her personal assistant (Stewart). The screenplay was written with Binoche in mind and incorporates elements from her real life into the plot.[8]

Clouds of Sils Maria was selected to compete for the Palme d'Or in the main competition section at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival on 23 May 2014, and also screened at the Toronto International Film Festival and New York Film Festival. The film received positive reviews, with critics lauding the work as psychologically complex and praising the lead actresses' performances. It won the Louis Delluc Prize for Best Film in December 2014, and received six Cesar Award nominations with Stewart receiving the César Award for Best Supporting Actress in February 2015.

Plot[edit]

Maria Enders (Juliette Binoche) is an international film star and stage actress. She travels with a loyal young American assistant, Valentine (Kristen Stewart). She owes her career to having been cast, over 20 years earlier, in both the play and film versions of Maloja Snake by Wilhelm Melchior, a now elderly Swiss playwright. The play centers on the tempestuous relationship between a callous young girl ("Sigrid", a part that made then-18-year-old Maria famous) and a vulnerable older woman ("Helena") who is eventually driven to suicide after "Sigrid" takes advantage of her, squeezes everything she can out of her, then dumps her.

While traveling to Zurich to accept an award on behalf of Wilhelm, and planning to visit him the following day at his house in Sils Maria – a remote settlement in the Alps – Maria learns of his sudden death. His widow Rosa later confides in her that Wilhelm's death was suicide and that he had been terminally ill. During the awards ceremony, Maria is approached by Klaus Diesterweg, a popular theatre director who is trying to persuade her to appear on stage in Maloja Snake again, but this time in the role of the older woman.

Maria is torn and only reluctantly accepts. To prepare for the role she accepts Rosa's offer of the Melchiors' house in Sils Maria, which Rosa is leaving to escape her memories of Wilhelm. Maria's discussions with Valentine and their read-throughs of the play's scenes combine to evoke uncertainty about the nature of their actual relationship. A young American actress, 19-year-old Jo-Ann Ellis (Chloë Grace Moretz), has been chosen to interpret the role of "Sigrid", but her scandals are ubiquitous in Google searches, YouTube videos, and tidbits of contemporary cultural knowledge as relayed by Valentine to the somewhat out-of-touch, 40-something Maria.

Questions soon multiply regarding aging, time, culture and the blurring line between the "Sigrid"/"Helena" and the Valentine/Maria relationships. Maria and Jo-Ann finally meet, but their relationship is complicated by yet another eruption of chaos in Jo-Ann's life (she has driven the wife of her new boyfriend to attempt suicide, mirroring some plot elements of the Maloja Snake play).

During their time at Sils Maria, Maria and Valentine spend much of their days hiking in the Alps. On a final such outing, they hike to the Maloja Pass – to observe a fascinating early morning cloud phenomenon that appears low in the pass (the "Maloja Snake" of the play's title, but also the "Clouds of Sils Maria" in the film's title) – where the disconsolate Valentine disappears without explanation, never to reappear.

Six weeks later, a young filmmaker visits Maria by appointment five minutes before curtain rises on the opening night of Maloja Snake in London. Maria seems preoccupied, so near to curtain rise, and dismisses his suggested ideas about the proposed film role he is offering her as "too abstract for me". Then she is on stage, smoking and waiting for "Sigrid" to pass through the offices collecting outgoing folders.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Principal photography of Clouds of Sils Maria began on 22 August 2013 and ended on 4 October.[10][not in citation given] The film was shot on location in the titular village of Sils Maria, Switzerland as well as Zurich, Leipzig, Germany and South Tyrol, Italy.

In an interview, Olivier Assayas recounted that all the film's interiors were shot in Germany, then production moved to Sils Maria for the hiking scenes, and lastly all scenes in and around the chalet were shot in South Tyrol.[11]

Chanel debuted in film financing and supplied the actresses with clothes, jewelry, accessories and makeup, while also providing some of the budget to allow Olivier Assayas to fulfill his dream of shooting a film on 35-mm film instead of digitally.[12]

The fictional play Maloja Snake was described by Assayas as a "condensed, brutalized version" of The Bitter Tears of Petra von Kant, a play (and later film) by Rainer Werner Fassbinder.[13]

The American title of the film is Clouds of Sils Maria, but in France the film is known by the original name, Sils Maria.[14]

Marketing and festivals[edit]

The first trailer for the film was released on 22 May 2014.[15] Another international trailer followed on 7 July.[16]

It was selected to compete for the Palme d'Or in the main competition section at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival on 23 May 2014.[17] It also screened at the Toronto International Film Festival and New York Film Festival.[18][19]

Release[edit]

Critical response[edit]

Clouds of Sils Maria premiered at the Cannes Film Festival to positive reviews. The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports a "Certified Fresh" score of 89% based on 149 reviews with an average rating of 7.5 out of 10. The site's consensus reads, "Bolstered by a trio of powerful performances from its talented leads, Clouds of Sils Maria is an absorbing, richly detailed drama with impressive depth and intelligence."[20] On Metacritic, which assigns a weighted mean rating out of 100 reviews from film critics, the film holds an average score of 78, based on 41 reviews, indicating a "generally favorable reviews" response.[21]

Robbie Collin of the The Daily Telegraph stated, "This is a complex, bewitching and melancholy drama, another fearlessly intelligent film from Assayas" and, praising the performance, said, "Binoche plays the role with elegance and melancholic wit – her character slips between fiction and fact in a way that recalls her role in Abbas Kiarostami’s Certified Copy. But it’s Stewart who really shines here. Valentine is probably her best role to date: she’s sharp and subtle, knowable and then suddenly distant, and a late, surprising twist is handled with a brilliant lightness of touch."[22]

Peter Debruge of Variety said it was Assayas' "daring rejoinder, a multi-layered, femme-driven meta-fiction that pushes all involved—including next-gen starlets Kristen Stewart and Chloë Grace Moretz — to new heights."[23] Matt Risley of Total Film called it "an elegant, intelligent drama, enlivened by strong performances by Binoche, Moretz and especially Stewart, for whom this will surely usher in a new dawn."[24]

Stephanie Zacharek of The Village Voice wrote: "But the movie's true center, the meteorological phenomenon that makes it so pleasurable to watch, is the half-prickly, half-affectionate interplay between Binoche and Stewart."[25] Ben Sachs of Chicago Reader wrote: "This recalls Ingmar Bergman's chamber dramas in the intensity and psychological complexity of the central relationship, yet the filmmaking is breathtakingly fluid, evoking a sense of romantic abandon."[26]

Columbia Daily Spectator critic Natalia Winkelman wrote: "The film is an uber self-referential study in meta art, in which the identity and background of the film actors dynamically inform our reading of their roles. Reminiscent of the recent Oscar-winning “Birdman,” Assayas’ story centers on an aging actor struggling to find her place in a changing industry. ... The best part of the film is its digital awareness—in addition to serene sequences of cloudy Alps imagery, Assayas doesn’t shy away from clipping in FaceTime sessions, YouTube clips, and Google image searches as Maria clicks away on her iPad."[27][dead link]

However, Kyle Smith of the New York Post writes: "A backstage drama that has all the sizzle of a glass of water resting on the windowsill, [...] Clouds of Sils Maria mistakes lack of dramatic imagination for smoldering subtlety."[28] and Richard Brody from the The New Yorker writes: “Clouds of Sils Maria, as the title suggests, is a sort of travelogue, a commercial for European cultural tourism, and, as such, it’s the perfect image of the very system that created it. There’s almost no independent filmmaking in France, and there isn’t supposed to be. If there were, it would stand as a threat to the system that, by way of training, enticements, and restrictions, is the source of the comforts that the movie depicts and that the movie reflects. The mediocrity is stifling.” [29]

Box office[edit]

Clouds of Sils Maria opened in France on 20 August 2014 in 150 theaters for a $3,663 per theater average and a box office total of $549,426 as of 24 August 2014.[30] The film expanded to 195 theaters in its second week of release and the box office increased to an estimated $1,150,090.

Clouds of Sils Maria opened in the United States on 10 April 2015 in three theaters and grossed $69,729 on its opening weekend for an average of $23,243 per. As of 4 June 2015, the film has grossed an estimated $1,743,577 after expanding theaters.[31][32]

Awards and nominations[edit]

The film won the Louis Delluc Prize for Best Film in December 2014.[33] The film received six César Award nominations including best film, best director, best actress, best original screenplay, and best cinematography, while Stewart won for best supporting actress, becoming the first American actress to win a César and the second American actor to win after Adrien Brody in 2003.[34][35]

Year Awards Category Nominee Outcome
2014 Prix Louis Delluc Best Film Olivier Assayas Won
Munich Film Festival Best International Film Olivier Assayas Nominated
Lumières Award Best Actress Juliette Binoche Nominated
2015 Alliance of Women Film Journalists Best Actress in a Supporting Role Kristen Stewart Won
César Award Best Supporting Actress Kristen Stewart Won
Best Actress Juliette Binoche Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Olivier Assayas Nominated
Best Director Olivier Assayas Nominated
Best Film Charles Gillibert & Olivier Assayas Nominated
Best Cinematography Yorick Le Saux Nominated
New York Film Critics Circle Best Supporting Actress Kristen Stewart Won
National Society of Film Critics Best Supporting Actress Kristen Stewart Won
Boston Society of Film Critics Best Supporting Actress Kristen Stewart Won
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards Best Supporting Actress Kristen Stewart Runner-up
Online Film Critics Society Best Supporting Actress Kristen Stewart Nominated
Detroit Film Critics Society Best Supporting Actress Kristen Stewart Nominated
San Diego Film Critics Society Best Supporting Actress Kristen Stewart Runner-up
St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Best Supporting Actress Kristen Stewart Runner-up
Best Original Screenplay Olivier Assayas Nominated
Austin Film Critics Association Best Supporting Actress Kristen Stewart Nominated
Chicago Film Critics Association Best Supporting Actress Kristen Stewart Nominated
Florida Film Critics Circle Best Supporting Actress Kristen Stewart Won
Toronto Film Critics Association Best Supporting Actress Kristen Stewart Runner-up
London Film Critics Circle Supporting Actress of the Year Kristen Stewart Nominated
Online Film & Television Association Award Best Supporting Actress Kristen Stewart Nominated

Soundtrack[edit]

Home media[edit]

The film was released on DVD and Digital HD by Paramount Home Media on July 14, 2015; the company also handles the digital entertainment sales, with IFC handling the video on demand sales.[36]

The Criterion Collection released a DVD and Blu Ray edition on 28 June 2016.[37]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Keslassy, Elsa (16 May 2013). "Charles Gillibert Launches CG Cinema (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "CLOUDS OF SILS MARIA (15)". British Board of Film Classification. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2015. 
  3. ^ Todd McCarthy (23 May 2014). "'Clouds of Sils Maria': Cannes Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 18 November 2016. ...Olivier Assayas’ English-language character study... 
  4. ^ Guy Lodge (28 April 2014). "Cannes Check 2014: Olivier Assayas' 'Clouds of Sils Maria' with Kristen Stewart". Hitfix. Retrieved 18 November 2016. Assayas, several of whose films have been multilingual, returns to the English language with this German-French-Swiss co-production. 
  5. ^ http://cineuropa.org/it.aspx?t=interview&l=en&did=259296
  6. ^ http://www.jpbox-office.com/fichfilm.php?id=14375
  7. ^ Blaney, Martin (17 December 2013). "German-French fund backs Pitts, Sokurov". Screen International. EMAP International Limited. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  8. ^ "From Ingenue To Antigone: Juliette Binoche Discusses Acting, Aging And Family". NPR. Retrieved 14 March 2016. 
  9. ^ Daniel Bruhl, Bruno Ganz & More Join Olivier Assayas' 'Sils Maria' With Juliette Binoche, Chloe Moretz & Kristen Stewart
  10. ^ http://english.crew-united.com/
  11. ^ Kim Hendrickson (producer) (April 2015). Beyond Time: Olivier Assayas on Clouds of Sils Maria [DVD extra included in Criterion Collection release of Clouds of Sils Maria] (DVD). Criterion Collection. Event occurs at 25:25. 
  12. ^ http://www.wwd.com/eye/fashion/chanel-finances-film-debuting-in-cannes-7692903
  13. ^ Erin Whitney (9 October 2014). "Kristen Stewart Addresses The Irony Of 'Clouds Of Sils Maria'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  14. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2452254/releaseinfo?ref_=tt_dt_dt#akas
  15. ^ "Kristen Stewart Assists an Insecure Juliette Binoche in 'Clouds of Sils Maria' Debut Trailer (Video)". 22 May 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  16. ^ Anderton, Ethan (7 July 2014). "Kristen Stewart in New International 'Clouds of Sils Maria' Trailer". firstshowing.net. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  17. ^ "2014 Official Selection". Cannes. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  18. ^ "TIFF '14 Adds 'Clouds of Sils Maria,' 'Two Days, One Night,' 'The Cobbler,' 'Paradise Lost,' and More". Retrieved 14 August 2014. 
  19. ^ "Cronenberg, Godard in New York Film Fest Lineup". Retrieved 14 August 2014. 
  20. ^ http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/clouds_of_sils_maria/
  21. ^ Clouds of Sils Maria at Metacritic Retrieved 10 April 2015
  22. ^ Collin, Robbie (23 May 2014). "Clouds of Sils Maria, review: 'bewitching'". The Daily Telegraph. UK. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  23. ^ Debruge, Peter (23 May 2014). "Cannes Film Review: 'Clouds of Sils Maria'". Variety. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  24. ^ "Cannes 2014: Clouds of Sils Maria reaction review". Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  25. ^ http://www.villagevoice.com/2015-04-08/film/clouds-of-sils-maria/
  26. ^ http://www.chicagoreader.com/chicago/clouds-of-sils-maria/Film?oid=15209711
  27. ^ Winkelman, Natalia. "Media Savvy and Meta Meaning in "Clouds of Sils Maria"". Spectrum. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  28. ^ Smith, Kyle (8 April 2015). "Juliette Binoche can't save 'Clouds of Sils Maria' from being dramatically gray". New York Post. 
  29. ^ http://www.newyorker.com/culture/richard-brody/olivier-assayas-enemy-of-youth
  30. ^ "France Box Office: August 20–24, 2014". Box Office Mojo. 
  31. ^ http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?page=weekend&id=cloudsofsilsmaria.htm
  32. ^ Lang, Brent (12 April 2015). "Box Office: 'Furious 7' Dominates Competition With $60.6 Million". Variety. 
  33. ^ Richford, Rhonda (15 December 2014). "'Sils Maria' Wins France's Louis Delluc Critics' Prize". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  34. ^ Richford, Rhonda; Szalai, Georg (28 January 2015). "Juliette Binoche, Marion Cotillard, Kristen Stewart Among France's Cesar Awards Nominees". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  35. ^ Tartaglione, Nancy (20 February 2015). "César Awards: 'Timbuktu' Best Film; Kristen Stewart In Historic Supporting Actress Win". Deadline.com. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  36. ^ McNary, Dave (28 May 2015). "Paramount Takes Home Media on Four IFC Releases". Variety. 
  37. ^ https://www.criterion.com/films/28748-clouds-of-sils-maria

External links[edit]