Despacito

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"Despacito"
Despacito by Luis Fonsi.jpeg
Single by Luis Fonsi featuring Daddy Yankee
Released January 13, 2017 (2017-01-13)
Format
Recorded 2016
Genre
Length 3:47
Label Universal Latin
Writer(s)
Producer(s)
  • Andrés Torres
  • Mauricio Rengifo
Luis Fonsi singles chronology
"Tentación"
(2015)
"Despacito"
(2017)
"Wave Your Flag"
(2017)
Daddy Yankee singles chronology
"Shaky Shaky"
(2016)
"Despacito"
(2017)
"Hula Hoop"
(2017)
Music video
"Despacito" on YouTube

"Despacito" (English: "Slowly") is a single by Puerto Rican pop artist Luis Fonsi and featuring vocals by Puerto Rican rapper Daddy Yankee from his upcoming studio album.[1] On January 13, 2017, Universal Music Latin released as single "Despacito" and its music video, which shows both artists performing the song in La Perla neighborhood and the local bar La Factoría. The song was written by Luis Fonsi and Erika Ender and was produced by Andrés Torres and Mauricio Rengifo, best known as El Dandee from the pop duo Cali & El Dandee.[2] Luis Fonsi and Daddy Yankee previously collaborated on the 2010 song "Una Oportunidad".[3]

Lyrically, the song is about having a sexual relationship but performed in a smooth and romantic way. It is a Latin pop and reggaeton fusion composed in common time in the key of B minor. Commercially, the song topped the charts of Argentina, Bulgaria, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Italy, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, Uruguay, and US Hot Latin Songs, and reached the top ten of fourteen other countries.

"Despacito" reached 1 billion views on YouTube on April 20, 2017 in 97 days, becoming the second fastest video to reach those units, behind Adele's "Hello" and over Justin Bieber's "Sorry". It also became the first Spanish-language song to reach the top ten on Spotify's Global chart and broke the record for most number-ones at the same time on Monitor Latino's charts. Its music video broke eleven Vevo records for most views on the first day and the fastest Spanish-language music video to reach from 100 million to 1 billion views. According to Monitor Latino, "Despacito" was the song with most radio spins in Latin America in February and March 2017.

Two remixes were released on March 17, 2017: a solo pop version and a salsa version featuring Puerto Rican musician Victor Manuelle. On April 17, 2017, another remix was released featuring Canadian singer Justin Bieber.

Background and release[edit]

Prior to collaborating on "Despacito", Luis Fonsi and Daddy Yankee had already worked together on "Una Oportunidad", released digitally in 2010, planned to be included on the album Mundial, but it was later suppressed.[3] They met again in 2016 after Fonsi invited him to make a guest appearance on "Despacito", which was already co-written with Erika Ender.[4]

"Despacito" was available for digital download on January 13, 2017, released under Universal Music Latin and after two weeks of its announce. Some music publications believed the single's success was influenced by a trend of fusioning Latin pop and urban music after the release of hit singles by Nicky Jam, Thalia, Enrique Iglesias, Carlos Vives, Ricky Martin and Shakira.[5] Fonsi considers that "the new pop".[6] According to Erika Ender, "everyone is making this type of fusions".[7]

Composition[edit]

Co-writer Erika Ender.

"Despacito" is a latin pop and reggaeton song[8] composed in common time (4
4
time) and written in the key of B minor with a tempo of 89 beats per minute.[9] Its implicit lyrics are about having a sexual relationship in a smooth and romantic way, making much use of allegories.[10] Some of the song's sexual allegories are "I want to see your hair dancing", "Let me surpass your danger zones / Until I provoke your screams" and "I want to undress you with kisses / Sign your labyrinth's walls".[11]

After two years without releasing new music,[6] Luis Fonsi wanted to create "a fun track that had that Latin feel with a melody that I feel very comfortable singing and that will make people just dance" and wrote simple lyrics instead of metaphors.[4] He stated that he made "Despacito" a danceable song because "Latinos are known for being happy people" and that he feels the need of happy music.[12] Fonsi considers that the urban presence in the rhythm is very present among Latin American people and that "it is a synonym of party".[12] According to him, "Despacito" is a very melodic song that can adapt well to many other music genres.[12]

He showed the chorus to his friend Erika Ender, who won a Latin Grammy Award as songwriter in 2016,[13] and then they co-written the rest of the song, which was composed as a cumbia and pop track but whose lyrics were written as a ballad.[4] According to Ender, the lyrics were born during late 2015 in Fonsi's house after he expressed his desire to record a swinging song for his new album.[7] She thought they "needed to be responsible with a good lyric" and that the idea "was to take care of how to say things with a good taste".[7] After deciding to add some urban influences, Fonsi contacted reggaeton rapper Daddy Yankee and presented him the demo.[4] In an interview with Billboard magazine on March 2017, Fonsi revealed that he originally focussed on other songs of his album after making the demo of "Despacito".[14] After showing the track to his producers, Fonsi and them decided to focus on "Despacito" and leave the other works aside.[14] He stated that both Daddy Yankee and him were surprised after hearing the final song becaused it sounded "powerful, fresh and different".[14]

Luis Fonsi said that he "does not consider it a reggaeton song but feels that it does have a reggaeton energy and an subtle urban beat".[4] He also affirmed that Daddy Yankee's work was a plus to the song because "it needed that explosion that only he can bring to the table."[4] In an interview with Billboard magazine on April 2017, Erika Ender stated that the track "made a special connection" and that their collaboration with Daddy Yankee was a nice one because "it was a great idea to bring [him]".[7]

Reception[edit]

Critical reception[edit]

Sebastian Wernke-Schmiesing from Dance-Charts electronic journal stated that "a simple 4
4
time, Spanish guitar sounds, a crisp bass, and the excellent vocals by Luis Fonsi and Ramon Luis Ayala Rodriguez a.k.a. Daddy Yankee were enough to get a hit single from the start".[15] He added that "'Despacito' has the magic it takes to reach the world" and that "works both on the dancefloors and on the radio".[15]

Commercial performance[edit]

In the United States, the single debuted at No. 2 on the Hot Latin Songs chart, being his highest-charting single since June 2009,[8] when "Aquí Estoy Yo" peaked at the top position.[16] "Despacito" became also Fonsi's first No. 1 hit single on the US Latin Digital Songs chart, with 11,000 downloads sold on the week ending on January 19, 2017.[8] As to Daddy Yankee, it was his highest debut ever on the Hot Latin Songs chart, in which he marked his 48th career hit.[8] It also debuted at No. 3 on the US Latin Streaming Songs chart, with 2.7 million streams between Spotify and YouTube, and its 7.4 million audio impressions let it reach No. 19 on the US Latin Airplay chart.[8] Subsequently, it debuted at No. 88 on the US Billboard Hot 100, becoming Fonsi's third entry on that chart[17] and Yankee's seventh.[18]

It peaked at the top ten on various Latin American countries through Monitor Latino charts, peaking at No. 1 in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela, and reaching the top ten in Dominican Republic. It also peaked at No. 1 in Bulgaria, Italy, Portugal and Switzerland, and reached the top ten in Finland, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Romania and Sweden, among other European countries. The song debuted at No. 1 on the Spanish music chart on the week ending January 19, 2017,[19] being their highest career hit on that chart, and was certificated Gold a week later for surpassing 5 million streams in the country (or 20,000 digital-equivalent units).[20][21] During February and April 2017, the single was also certified in Belgium, Italy, Mexico, Switzerland and the United States.

As No. 1, it spent thirteen consecutive weeks in Spain, thirteen in Chile, thirteen in Panama, twelve in Guatemala, eleven in Colombia, eleven in Argentina, ten in Mexico, nine in Latin America, seven in Peru, five in Italy and four in Uruguay. It also spent eight non-consecutive weeks in Paraguay, three in Ecuador and two in Bulgaria and Portugal. As No. 1 on US charts, it spent eleven consecutive weeks on Hot Latin Songs, ten on Latin Streaming Songs, nine on Latin Pop Songs. It also spent nine non-consecutive weeks on Latin Digital Songs and seven on the Latin Airplay chart. The single peaked at No. 9 on the Billboard Hot 100 on the issue dated May 6, 2017,[22] becoming the highest peak on that chart for both Luis Fonsi and Daddy Yankee.[23] "Despacito" was also the song with most radio spins in Latin America in February 2017, with 59,359 spins between the ten countries Monitor Latino measure.[24]

Records[edit]

Record Date Details Previously held by Ref.
Most views in first 24 hours for a Spanish-language Vevo video January 14, 2017 5.14 million views "Bobo" by J Balvin (4.9 million views)[25][26] [27][28]
First Spanish-language song to reach the top 10 on Spotify's Global chart. January 30, 2017 N/A N/A [29][30]
Fastest Spanish-language music video to reach... 100 million views January 27, 2017 14 days "Chantaje" by Shakira featuring Maluma (19 days) [31]
200 million views February 5, 2017 22 days "Chantaje" by Shakira featuring Maluma (31 days) [32]
300 million views February 17, 2017 36 days "Chantaje" by Shakira featuring Maluma (42 days) [33]
400 million views March 4, 2017 50 days "Chantaje" by Shakira featuring Maluma (53 days) [34]
500 million views March 14, 2017 60 days "Chantaje" by Shakira featuring Maluma (65 days) [35]
600 million views March 22, 2017 68 days "Chantaje" by Shakira featuring Maluma (78 days) [36]
700 million views March 29, 2017 75 days "Chantaje" by Shakira featuring Maluma (92 days) [37]
800 million views April 5, 2017 82 days "Chantaje" by Shakira featuring Maluma (106 days) [38]
900 million views April 12, 2017 89 days "Chantaje" by Shakira featuring Maluma (122 days) [39]
1 billion views April 20, 2017 97 days "Chantaje" by Shakira featuring Maluma (140 days) [40]
Most simultaneously number-ones on Monitor Latino's charts April 2, 2017 11 charts "Despacito" by Luis Fonsi featuring Daddy Yankee (10 charts) [24][41]

Remixes and cover versions[edit]

Canadian singer Justin Bieber collaborated on a remix version released on April 17, 2017.

The first two official remixes for "Despacito" were released on March 17, 2017: a Fonsi solo pop version and a salsa version featuring Puerto Rican musician Victor Manuelle.[42] On April 17, 2017 a remix version featuring Canadian pop singer Justin Bieber was released, who sang in Spanish for the first time in his career.[43][44] The song maintain the original rhythms and Luis Fonsi translated a verse to English, while Daddy Yankee's verses were kept from the original version.[43] The remix's official audio garnered 18.8 million views on YouTube on its first 24 hours, making it the highest debut for a music-related video in 2017 as of April 18.[45] Its cover audio has more than 75 million views on YouTube.[46] The remix with Bieber helped the song to reach the top 10 of the Billboard Hot 100, the first for a primarily Spanish-language song since "Macarena" by Los del Río in 1996.[47]

In an interview with Billboard magazine in March 2017, Luis Fonsi stated that there are several remixes for "Despacito", including an urban and a club version, mentioning that "there are some great DJs who have shown interest".[12] He also manifested his desire to perform an acoustic version.[12]

The single's success led to various cover versions performed in different music genres. On January 2017, Mexican band Grupo Bomba and Spanish band Grupo Arena collaborated on a cumbia version,[48] Spanish musician Unai Karam released an instrumental piano version,[49] Peruvian singer Maricarmen and Spanish musician Germán Barrera collaborated on an acoustic version,[50] and Spanish singer Merymel released a pop cover version.[51] On February 2017, Argentine duo Wopa! released a cumbia version,[52] Mexican singer Kosmic La Ciencia and American singer Montie released a salsa version ,[53] Argentine singer Kenny Bell released a cumbia version,[54] Mexican singers Winder and Valeria Garza collaborated on a pop cover version,[55] Argentine singer Nicolás Iaciancio released a pop cover version,[56] and Argentine singer Lionel Ferro and Peruvian singer Johann Vera collaborated on a reggaeton version.[57] On March 2017, Argentine band La Cachirla released a cumbia version.[58]

Music video[edit]

The music video was released alongside the single on January 13, 2017, surpassing 5.14 million views on its first 24 hours, breaking J Balvin's previous record with "Bobo" for a Spanish-language Vevo clip.[8] It was filmed in December 2016 in La Perla neighborhood and the popular bar La Factoría in San Juan, Puerto Rico and was directed by Carlos Perez.[2] The director had previously worked with Luis Fonsi on "Corazón en la Gaveta" (2014) and also with Daddy Yankee on "Gangsta Zone" (2006, performed with Snoop Dogg), "Descontrol" (2010), "Ven Conmigo" (2011, performed with Prince Royce) and "Moviendo Caderas" (2014, performed with Yandel).[59] During his career, Perez also directed music videos for artists including Chayanne, Marc Anthony, Ricardo Arjona, Ricky Martin and Wisin & Yandel.[59]

The clip shows both artists performing while participating on different parties on the island. It also features Miss Universe 2006 model Zuleyka Rivera.[60] According to Luis Fonsi, the music video celebrates Latin American culture, saying that movement, dancing and rhythm are "engraved into his bones". He also affirms that part of the song's success was the reception of the fans, capturing the best of Fonsi's romantic ballad and danceable facets.[12]

Two weeks after its release, it became the quickest Spanish-language music video to reach 100 million views.[61][62] It later became the fastest Spanish-language music video to reach successive hundred millions from 200 million to 1 billion views on YouTube. As of overall YouTube milestones, the music video of "Despacito" peaked as the second fastest music video to reach 500, 800, 900 and 1,000 million views and the third one to reach 200, 300, 600 and 700 million views.[63] On March 18, 2017, it surpassed "Chantaje" by Shakira and Maluma as the worldwide most-viewed music video of YouTube in 2017. As of April 2017, it has more than 1.07 billion views.

Live performances[edit]

Although Luis Fonsi and Daddy Yankee did not perform "Despacito" live together, the song was sung by both artists on different presentations. Yankee performed the single solo in Merida, Mexico on March 3, 2017, while Fonsi performed the pop version on the L Festival on March 18, 2017 at the Pico Rivera Sports Arena in Pico Rivera, California.[64] Justin Bieber performed the remix version in Puerto Rico on April 18, 2017 on his Purpose World Tour with Luis Fonsi as guest.[65]

Formats and track listing[edit]

Personnel[edit]

Credits adapted from Tidal.[71]

  • Written by Luis Fonsi and Erika Ender
  • Produced by Andrés Torres and Mauricio Rengifo
  • Luis Fonsi: Lead vocals and acoustic guitar
  • Daddy Yankee: Lead vocals

Charts[edit]

Chart succession[edit]

Preceded by
"Chantaje"
by Shakira featuring Maluma
Billboard Hot Latin Songs number-one single[125]
February 12 – April 29, 2017 (eleven weeks)
Current holder
Preceded by
"Shape of You"
by Ed Sheeran
Bulgarian Top 40 number-one single[126]
April 3 – April 9, 2017 (one week)
April 17 – April 23, 2017 (one week)
Succeeded by
"Shape of You"
by Ed Sheeran
Preceded by
"Chantaje"
by Shakira featuring Maluma
Colombian Top 100 number-one single[127]
February 3 – April 20, 2017 (eleven weeks)
Current holder
Preceded by
"Shape of You"
by Ed Sheeran
Italian Top 50 number-one single[128]
March 17 – April 20, 2017 (five weeks)
Current holder
Preceded by
"Chantaje"
by Shakira featuring Maluma
Mexican Top 20 number-one single[129]
January 20 – March 30, 2017 (ten weeks)
Current holder
Preceded by
"Shape of You"
by Ed Sheeran
Portuguese Top 100 number-one single[130]
March 24 – March 30, 2017 (one week)
April 7 – April 13, 2017 (one week)
Succeeded by
"Shape of You"
by Ed Sheeran
Preceded by
"Chantaje"
by Shakira featuring Maluma
Spanish Top 100 number-one single[131]
January 13 – April 13, 2017 (thirteen weeks)
Current holder
Preceded by
"Shape of You"
by Ed Sheeran
Swiss Top 100 number-one single[132]
April 17 – April 23, 2017 (one week)
Current holder

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Belgium (BEA)[133] Gold 10,000^
Italy (FIMI)[134] 3× Platinum 150,000double-dagger
Mexico (AMPROFON)[135] 3× Platinum 180,000^
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[20] 5× Platinum 200,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[136] Platinum 30,000^
United States (RIAA)[137] 11× Platinum (Latin) 660,000double-dagger

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
double-daggersales+streaming figures based on certification alone

Remix version[edit]

"Despacito [Remix]"
Despacito Remix by Luis Fonsi.jpg
Song by Luis Fonsi & Daddy Yankee featuring Justin Bieber
Released April 17, 2017
Format Digital download
Recorded 2017
Genre
Length 3:48
Label Universal Latin
Writer(s)
Producer(s)
  • Andrés Torres
  • Mauricio Rengifo
Justin Bieber singles chronology
"Deja Vu"
(2016)
"Despacito"
(2017)

The remix version of "Despacito" was released digitally on April 17, 2017 and features Canadian pop singer Justin Bieber. His Spanish perform of the chorus became the first time he sang in that language.[43] It is the first collaboration between Luis Fonsi and Daddy Yankee with Bieber. The song maintains the original rhythms and Luis Fonsi translated some lines to English, singing a verse in Spanglish, while Daddy Yankee's verses were kept from the original version.[43] American songwriter Jason Boyd co-wrote the version.[138] The remix's official audio became the highest debut for a music-related video in 2017 as of April 18.[45]

Charts[edit]

Chart (2017) Peak
position
Argentina (Monitor Latino)[139] 1
Canada (Canadian Hot 100)[140] 18
Chile (Monitor Latino)[141] 1
Guatemala (Monitor Latino)[142] 1
Latin America (Monitor Latino)[143] 1
New Zealand Heatseekers (RMNZ)[144] 7
Norway (VG-lista)[145] 35
Panama (Monitor Latino)[146] 1
Paraguay (Monitor Latino)[147] 1
Peru (Monitor Latino)[148] 1
Uruguay (Monitor Latino)[149] 1
US Billboard Hot 100[120] 9[150]

Release history[edit]

Region Date Format Label Ref.
United States January 13, 2017 Digital download Universal Latin [66]
March 17, 2017 Digital download (Pop version) [67]
Digital download (Salsa version) [68]
Europe March 31, 2017 CD single [70]
United States April 17, 2017 Digital download (Remix) [69]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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