Donald Trump presidential campaign, 2020

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Donald Trump presidential campaign, 2020
Trump logo (red).png
Campaign United States presidential election, 2020
Candidate Donald Trump
President of the United States

Mike Pence
Vice President of the United States
Affiliation Republican Party
Status Announced: February 17, 2017
Headquarters Trump Tower
Manhattan, New York City, New York
Key people Michael Glassner (campaign committee manager)[1]
John Pence (campaign committee deputy executive director)[1]
Bradley Crate (campaign treasurer)[2]
Receipts US$11,947,118[3]
Slogan Keep America Great[4][5]
Promises made, promises kept[6]

The Donald Trump presidential campaign, 2020 is an ongoing re-election campaign by President of the United States Donald Trump, who took office on January 20, 2017.

Trump began his campaign unusually early for an incumbent President of the United States, he began spending for his reelection effort within weeks of his election, and officially filed his with the Federal Elections Commission on the day of his inauguration. Since February, Trump has held several rallies for this campaign.


Trump’s predecessors had merged their campaign committees into their party’s committee following their elections. Trump eschewed this presidential tradition and retained a separate campaign committee after the election. Trump’s campaign committee continued raising funds; in December 2016, the campaign raised $11 million.[7] These moves indicated that Trump was already eying a 2020 run.[8]

Trump started spending money on the 2020 race on November 24, 2016 (only sixteen days after the end of the 2016 election), the earliest campaign disbursement that his committees reported was spent towards the 2020 presidential primaries was for the purchase of a Delta Air Lines ticket on this date.[9]

On January 10, 2017, Politico reported that Trump would be keeping his campaign offices in Trump Tower open in order to lay the groundwork for a re-election campaign,[8] on January 18, Trump revealed in an interview with The Washington Post that he had decided on Keep America Great as his 2020 campaign slogan.[4][10][11] Two days later, on the day of his inauguration, President Trump filed a form with the Federal Election Commission (FEC) declaring that he qualified as a candidate for the 2020 Presidential election.[12][13][14][15]

The 2020 campaign office is based in Trump Tower. By January 2017 it already included a staff of about ten people led by Republican strategist Michael Glassner.[1][16] Glassner's deputy is John Pence, nephew of Vice President Mike Pence,[1] the campaign staff focuses on data-building and fundraising for a 2020 re-election campaign.[16][17] By February 1, 2017, the campaign had already raised over $7 million.[18]

Trump launched his reelection campaign significantly earlier in his presidency than his predecessors did. Barack Obama, George W. Bush, Bill Clinton, George H. W. Bush and Ronald Reagan all declared their candidacies for reelection in the third year of their presidencies.[19][20] Trump filed the papers for his reelection campaign approximately 47 months prior to the date of the election;[19] in contrast, both Reagan and George H. W. Bush filed approximately twelve months, George W. Bush filed approximately eighteen, and both Clinton and Obama filed approximately nineteen months prior to the date of the election.[19]

While previous presidents had held rallies in the early days of their presidency to garner support for legislation, such rallies had differed from those held by Trump in that they were funded by the White House rather than by campaign committees.[20][21] Trump's February rally in Melbourne, Florida was the earliest campaign rally for an incumbent president.[22]

Trump will be 74 years old by election day 2020.[23][24][25] This would make Trump the oldest-ever presidential nominee on a major party ticket, surpassing Ronald Reagan and Bob Dole, both of whom were age 73 when they were the Republican Party nominees in 1984 and 1996, respectively.[26][27][28]

If Trump is reelected, it would be the first time in American history that there have been four consecutive presidents who were elected to two terms.[29][30] If Trump completed his second term on January 20, 2025, he would be 78 years old and would have become the oldest person to serve as president, surpassing Ronald Reagan (who was 77 when he left office in 1989).[a]

Permanent campaign[edit]

Although Trump's early campaign filing is extraordinarily unusual, aspects of a "permanent campaign" are not be entirely unprecedented in American politics, such a phenomenon has had a presence in the White House at least as early as the presidency of Bill Clinton under the advice of Sidney Blumenthal.[22][31] Clinton's staff continued to engage in campaign methodology once in office, using polling for assistance in making decisions.[22] Political observers who bolster the opinion that a permanent campaign has had a significant impact on recent presidencies argue that decisions by presidents have increasingly been made with considerations to their impact on voter approval.[32]

The concept of a permanent campaign also describes the focus which recent presidents have given to electoral concerns during their tenures in office, with the distinction between the time they have spent governing and the time they have spent campaigning having become blurred.[32] Political observers consider the rise in presidential fundraising as a symptom of the permanent campaign.[32]

The disproportionately large amounts of time that presidents have spent visiting key electoral states (and comparatively small amount of they have spent visiting states that pose little electoral importance to them) has been pointed to as evidence of ulterior electoral motives influencing presidential governance, emblematic of the blurred lines between campaigning and governance in the White House,[32][31] for instance, George W. Bush embarked on 416 domestic trips during his first three years in office, this was 114 more than his predecessor Bill Clinton had in his first three years.[31] In his first year, 36% of Bush's domestic trips were to the 16 states that were considered swing states after having been decided the closest margins during the 2000 election;[31] in his second year, 45% of his domestic travel was to these states, and his third year 39% of his domestic travel was to these states.[31]

Early campaign developments[edit]

February 2017: First rally[edit]

Trump speaking at his first campaign rally in Florida

The first rally paid for by the campaign was held on February 18, 2017, in Melbourne, Florida,[33] and was attended by an estimated 9,000 supporters,[34] this was the earliest an incumbent president had ever held a campaign rally.[22]

Speaking at the rally, Trump defended his actions and criticized the media,[22] he referred to "what's happening last night in Sweden" while criticizing the asylum policies of several European countries, though no incident had occurred the night before.[35] He was lambasted by the press and the Swedish government.[36][37] Reacting to the backlash, Trump later stated that he was referring to a Fox News program aired the previous day,[38] including an interview with Ami Horowitz on Tucker Carlson Tonight.[39] Several days after Trump's explanatory tweet, the website of the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs published a page disputing claims Horowitz made in that interview, as well as related claims about migration and crime in Sweden.[37]

Trump laying a wreath at the tomb of Andrew Jackson at The Hermitage prior to his Nashville rally
Trump speaking at his rally in Nashville, March 15, 2017
Rally in Louisville, March 20, 2017

March 2017: Second and third rallies[edit]

The campaign's second rally was held a month later in Nashville on March 15, and coincided with the 250th birthday of Andrew Jackson. Prior to the rally, Trump paid tribute to Jackson and laid a wreath at his tomb.[40][41][42][43] Trump was the first sitting president to visit Jackson's tomb since Ronald Reagan, who had done so on March 15, 1982[42][43] when he participated in commemorating Jackson's 215th birthday before addressing a joint session of the Tennessee General Assembly.[41] During the rally, Trump promised to repeal the Affordable Care Act and defended his revised travel ban, hours before it was put on hold by Derrick Watson, a federal judge in Hawaii.[44]

A third rally was held by the campaign in Louisville on March 20, at the rally, Trump made no reference to James Comey's testimony before Congress earlier that day, where Comey denied having any proof backing up Trump's wiretapping allegations.[45][46]

Affiliated rallies
Trump waves to supporters in West Palm Beach on March 4

On March 4, there were a series of rallies held by allies of the campaign in some 50 cities (including Nashville, Phoenix, Boston, Denver, Miami, St. Paul, and Berkley).[47] In several cities, they were met by counter-demonstrations[48] where some protesters were arrested.[49][50]

Other events were held around the country throughout March, some of which resulted in violence.[51]

Other developments
The president's daughter-in-law Lara Trump began working as a consultant to the campaign's digital vendor

March 29 it was reported that Lara Trump, the daughter-in-law of the President, had been hired as a consultant by the campaign's digital vendor Giles-Parscale.[52]

April 2017: Fourth rally and the end of Trump's first hundred days[edit]

By mid-April the Trump campaign had a staff of around twenty employees.[53]

Speech to the National Rifle Association

While attending an April 28 event for the National Rifle Association, Trump commented on the 2020 race, he received criticism for using language that many outlets deemed to be pejorative towards Native Americans. Trump derogatorily referred to Senator Elizabeth Warren, a speculated potential candidate for the Democratic nomination, by the Native American epithet "Pocahontas", a reference to her unproven claims of Native American heritage. He had previously used this as a derisive nickname for Warren during his 2016 campaign. Trump said,

"I have a feeling that in the next election you're going to be swamped with candidates, but you're not going to be wasting your time. You'll have plenty of those Democrats coming over, and you're going to say, 'No, sir—no, thank you. No, ma'am.' Perhaps 'ma'am.' It may be Pocahontas, remember that. And she is not big for the NRA, that I can tell you, but you came through for me, and I am going to come through for you."[54][55][56][57]

Harrisburg rally (100th day in office)
Trump and Pence arrive in Pennsylvania on April 29 for their rally in Harrisburg

Trump held his fourth campaign rally on April 29 in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, at the Pennsylvania Farm Show Complex & Expo Center. The rally coincided with the hundredth day of Trump's presidency,[58][59] it also took place the same night as the White House Correspondents' Dinner, which Trump did not attend (marking the first time that a president skipped the dinner since Ronald Reagan was recovering from a gunshot injury in 1981).[59][60] Trump made several references to the Correspondents' Dinner, which was being held at the same time as the rally,[61] he also remarked, "Let's rate the media's 100 days ... because as you know, they are a disgrace."[61]

In addition to Trump, Vice President Pence also spoke at the April 29 rally. Pence declared, "Our new president is doing exactly what he said he would do." Pence also boasted that the president had signed more executive orders during his first hundred days than any president had in 50 years.[61] Trump had formerly criticized his predecessor Barack Obama's use of executive orders.[62]

Upon seeing a protester at the rally, Trump exclaimed, "Get him out of here." After this, members of the Trump-supporting group Bikers for Trump accosted and jostled several individuals at the rally. Politico speculated that this instance might play against Trump in ongoing litigation accusing him of inciting violence at his 2016 campaign rallies.[63]

In addition to holding a rally, Trump wrote an op-ed in The Washington Post detailing what he believed were the accomplishments of his first hundred days.[64][65][15]

May 2017: Launch of advertising[edit]

First campaign ad: First 100 Days

On May 1 the campaign announced that they were spending $1.5 million on national advertisements. According to a campaign statement, these ads would tout the accomplishments of first hundred days as demonstrating Trump's "clear vision, resolute leadership, and an uncompromising dedication to the American people."[64][66][67] The ad buy included digital targeted advertisements meant to appeal to voters that supported specific agenda items of Trump's presidency.[66] This ad buy came 1,282 days (approximately 42 months) before election day 2020,[15][67][68] and before any other major candidates had officially declared their candidacy for the nominations of either party.[68][69]

The campaign's first television advertisement (which hit the airwaves the same day that the ad buy was announced)[67][69] was titled "First 100 Days".[66] found several inaccuracies in the advertisement, including an inflation of job-growth numbers.[70] Eric Zorn of the Chicago Tribune described the 30-second advertisement as being, "stuffed with Trump's signature misleading puffery".[69]

The ad originally contained a clip of Trump shaking hands with a uniformed H. R. McMaster. McMaster, who is an active-duty member of the military, is barred from participating in any political advocacy whilst in-uniform according to Defense Department policy,[71] after Federal Election Commission general counsel Larry Noble wrote on Twitter that the ad "seems to violate intent of military policy," subsequent airings of the advertisement substituted this clip.[66][71]

The ad claimed that the "fake news" media refused to report the successes of the administration.[66][68][72][73] Forbes pointed out, however, that the ad itself cited mainstream media sources (including CNBC, The Boston Globe and The New York Times) to support its claims.[72]

Because of this accusation against the news media, CNN decided to stop running the ad, stating on May 2,

"CNN requested that the advertiser remove the false graphic that says the mainstream media is 'fake news'. The mainstream media is not fake news, and therefore the ad is false. Per our policy, it will be accepted only if that graphic is deleted, those are the facts."[74][75][76]

Campaign manager Michael Glasner criticized this, saying,

"It is absolutely shameful to see the media blocking the positive message that President Trump is trying to share with the country. It's clear that CNN is trying to silence our voice and censor our free speech because it doesn't fit their narrative."[74][75][76]

ABC, CBS and NBC later joined CNN in refusing to play the ad. ABC commented, "We rejected the ad because it did not meet our guidelines. We have previously accepted Trump ads and are open to doing so in the future."[77] NBC said, "Consistent with our policies, we have agreed to accept the ad if the inaccurate graphic—which refers to journalists as 'fake news'—is corrected.”[77]

Lara Trump, a consultant to the campaign and the daughter-in-law of the president, criticized this, saying,

"Apparently, the mainstream media are champions of the First Amendment only when it serves their own political views. Faced with an ad that doesn’t fit their biased narrative, CNN, ABC, CBS and NBC have now all chosen to block our ad, this is an unprecedented act of censorship in America that should concern every freedom-loving citizen."[73][77][78]

Changes to campaign website

On May 8, shortly after reporter Cecilia Vega asked White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer about statements Trump's 2016 campaign had issued in regards to temporarily banning Muslims from entering the United States, Trump's campaign website purged itself of all campaign statements from the 2016 campaign.[79][80][81]

Campaign chairman Michael Glassner later announced that the website was being redesigned, the redesign of Trump's campaign website was seen by media sources as laying the groundwork for a full-bodied reelection campaign.[82][83][84] Glassner stated, "the new website will present fact-based information about the president's policy positions and achievements since he took office." Campaign officials stated that the redesigned website would, "provide a one-stop online destination to learn the facts about President Trump's actions that are enabling new economic growth and changing the American political landscape."[85] Glassner additionally stated that the website would provide supporters with a "picture window" behind-the-scenes of Trump campaign events,[82] and would allow the president to communicate more directly with his supporters.[86]

A number of issues arose with the revamping of the campaign's website, after the deletion of press releases, a vulnerability in the website was exploited so that the URL (my plan to fuck the poor) led to a page about Trump's healthcare plan.[87][88] It was also pointed-out that the campaign's redesigned homepage originally featured a typo.[89][83] The Washington Examiner's David Druckert pointed out on Twitter that the redesigned website featured an image of Trump with a uniformed military officer on its 'Donate' page. This, as was the case with the inclusion of McMaster in the campaign's first television advertisement, is against military regulations which strictly prohibit uniformed military officers from engaging in any political activity.[90]

Other developments

In early May Trump sent a letter thanking Paul Bielfeldt, a man who had mowed the message USA #1 2020 Trump Pence across 320 acres (1.3 km2) of farmland in Anchor, Illinois. The message is speculated to have set a world record for the largest campaign sign.[91]

On May 18 Trump hosted chairmen of the for the Colorado, Iowa, Michigan, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio and Pennsylvania state parties at the White House. Each of their states are considered to be presidential swing states.[92]

On May 25 Trump's sons Donald Jr. and Eric along with Eric's wife Lara held a series of meetings at the Republican National Committee's (RNC) Washington, D.C. offices to outline campaign strategy. The trio spoke with RNC leadership (including chairwoman Ronna Romney McDaniel and chief of staff Sara Armstrong), White House staffers, Trump campaign leaders such as Michael Glassner and digital vendor Brad Parscale, and members of the America First Policies political group (including Katie Walsh).[93][94][95]

June 2017: Fifth rally, first fundraiser and visits to swing states[edit]

Pittsburgh Not Paris Rally
Counter-protesters at the Pittsburgh Not Paris Rally

On June 1, President Trump announced his plans to withdraw from the Paris Agreement saying, "I was elected to represent the citizens of Pittsburgh, not Paris." Soon afterwards, the campaign announced it would hold a Pittsburgh Not Paris Rally across from the White House.[96][97] The rally was held June 3 at Lafayette Square.[96][98][99] The event was sponsored by the Fairfax County Republican Committee and the Republican Party of Virginia.[96][97][99][100][101][102] Relatively few people attended the event.[96][100] BuzzFeed and ABC both estimated that there were only 200 people (including counter-protesters) at the rally.[100][102] Buzzfeed as well as Business Insider described the number of supporters at the event as, "dozens",[100][101] this contrasted with the attendance of the anti-Trump March for Truth, which was held the same day and attracted crowds to demonstrations across the nation.[103]

Presidential visits to battleground states

In June the president made presidential visits to the swing-states of Florida, Ohio, and Wisconsin, where he held speeches that were arranged so that he would be surrounded by crowds of his own supporters.[104]

Despite these trips, by the end of June Trump still lagged severely behind the number of states that his immediate two had predecessors visited during the first six months of their presidencies.[105] Both Obama and George W. Bush visited every time zone in the continental United States.[105] Trump, however only visited the Eastern and Central time zones.[105] Obama and Bush took both overnight and multiple-day trips throughout the country;[105] in contrast, Trump's domestic travels had largely been limited to a two-hour flight radius of Washington, D. C., and his only overnight stays were at Camp David, Mar-a-Lago and Trump National Golf Club in Bedminster.[105]

One of the benefits that Trump is speculated to obtain from such trips is more favorable coverage from local news outlets in the areas visited.[104]

Barry Bennett, who had served as an advisor to Trump's 2016 campaign, commented on this, saying,

“I think it’s a good strategy because it drags reporters with him, and the one thing the Washington press corps still hasn’t gotten is why people in Youngstown — or pick your favorite city in the Midwest — still like him....I hope that gets him into friendly audiences, but I also hope when he gets out there he talks about jobs, jobs, jobs and not anything else, because all of his power is going to be derived by the rising economy.”[104]

Rick Wilson commented that these trips had the appearance of some sort of, “nostalgia tour” for Trump, bringing him back to the experience he enjoyed when campaigning for the 2016 election of holding rallies before adulating crowds of supporters.[104]. Wilson also said,

“A lot of these spaces are safe places for Trump....He loves rallies, he likes big, cheering crowds, these are things that make him feel everything is under control and everything is going to be okay.”[104]

Wisconsin-based Republican consultant Brian Fraley commented,

“From a strategic standpoint, it makes sense for Trump to do more events like these, even if it doesn’t move the needle on the public policy debates nationally......Midwesterners of every political persuasion like it when we’re not treated merely as flyover country......When he gets out of the Beltway bubble, he can control the narrative. He’d much rather talk infrastructure, apprenticeships and jobs than special counsels and congressional inquiries."[104]

It has been noted that Trump's trips to Wisconsin had been focused in the Milwaukee area. While Trump had carried Southeast Wisconsin (where Milwaukee is located) in 2016, he had received a significantly lower margin of the vote than Mitt Romney had in 2012. Thus, Marquette Law School pollster and governmental scholar Charles Franklin remarked that Trump was, “coming to the area of the state where he most needs to build up good will among Republican voters,” in order to secure a 2020 victory in the state.[104]

On June 7, President Trump delivered what the New York Daily News described as a “campaign-style speech” in Cincinnati, Ohio.[106] Five days later, reports surfaced that Trump was making plans to embark on a more expansive tour that would visit several battleground states.[107]

Campaigning in Iowa (fifth rally)

In June, Trump began campaigning in Iowa. Iowa is considered to be a perennial swing state,[108] the Iowa caucus is scheduled as the earliest presidential primary election.[109] Iowa has also been home to nonbinding straw polls held ahead of the primaries (Trump won the 2015 straw poll among Republican candidates).[110]

Trump in Iowa holding his fifth official rally of the campaign

Trump held his fifth official campaign rally in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.[111][112] Cedar Rapids is in eastern Iowa, home to a large population of working class whites, it is, therefore, seen as a strong region for Trump to find a base of political support.[104] Trump had originally been scheduled to hold the rally on June 1, however it was postponed due to, "an unforeseen change in President Trump's schedule."[111][112][113][114] Eric Branstad, a Trump administration official, said that the rally would be moved to mid-June.[111] Brandstad also said that the rally would coincide with a send-off for his father, Terry Branstad, who would be leaving to serve as Ambassador to China,[111] the rally was ultimately held on June 21.[115] The rally marked the first time in his presidency that Trump had traveled West of the Mississippi River.[105]

At the rally, Iowa GOP state chairman Jeff Kaufmann verbally attacked Nebraskan Senator Ben Sasse, who has been speculated by some as a potential challenger to Trump in the 2020 Republican primaries.[116][117][118]

Trump posted a video on Facebook following his Cedar Rapids rally that misspelled the word miners as minors

After the rally, Trump uploaded a video to his Facebook page with the assertion that Trump was, "putting our minors [sic] back to work", misspelling the word miners in such a manner that it appeared to imply he was advocating the return of child labor in the United States.[119]

Vice President Mike Pence traveled to Iowa to attend Joni Ernst's 3rd Annual Roast and Ride fundraiser, held on June 3 at the Central Iowa Expo (near Boone, Iowa).[111][112][120][121] The previous editions of this event have included presidential campaign appearances. Trump himself had previously attended Ernst's fundraiser in 2016 while campaigning in Iowa; in 2015 seven Republican presidential contenders attended the event.[120]

Washington, D.C. fundraiser
The campaign held its first fundraiser at Trump's own hotel in Washington, D.C.

On June 28, the president hosted a fundraiser at his company's hotel in Washington, D.C. benefitting the Trump Victory Committee, a joint fundraising committee that raises funds for both his reelection campaign and the RNC.[122][123][124][125][126][127]

The fundraiser was the first event Trump had hosted for the Trump Victory Committee since becoming president,[122] as well as the first presidential campaign fundraiser,[124] the fundraiser came two-and-a-half years earlier into Trump’s term than the first fundraisers held by the reelection campaigns for both of his two immediate predecessors.[128]

The event was co-organized by RNC chairwoman Ronna Romney McDaniel and RNC National Finance Chairman Steve Wynn.[123][127] Guests were asked to give $35,000 per-person, while host-committee members were asked to give $100,000 per-person.[122][123][124][127][129] The fundraiser was attended by about 300 guests and was reportedly expected to gross $10 million.[129][130][131][132]

The event informed its attendees that the money raised would be distributed as follows,

Contributions from individuals (multicandidate PACs in parentheses) will be allocated sequentially according to the following formula: $2,700 ($5,000) to DJTP primary account; $2,700 ($5,000) to DJTP general account; $33,900 ($15,000) to the RNC's Operating account; $101,700 ($45,000) to the RNC's Headquarters account; $101,700 ($45,000) to the RNC's Convention account; and the remainder, up to $101,700 ($45,000), to the RNC's Legal Proceedings account.[127]

Trump was joined at the event by First Lady Melania Trump and top White House advisors,[133] among those reported to have been in attendance at the fundraiser were Mica Mosbacher, Dean Heller and Katrina Pierson.[133][134] Additionally, Harold Hamm and a number of high-profile figures were spotted in the hotel's lobby during the event.[132]

The event was originally to be closed to the press. However, the day of the event it was announced that the presidential press pool would, in fact, be allowed to cover the event, this decision was reversed after only two hours, with the press being barred from the event.[128] This breaks precedent.[128] Reporters were permitted to the first fundraisers held by both of Trump's two predecessors;[128] in addition, while Obama would occasionally hold closed-door fundraisers, he never barred the press from fundraisers at which he was to deliver formal remarks.[128]

Trump's decision to host the event at a venue from which he personally profits garnered criticism.[124][129][135][136][137] Among those to criticize the choice of venue was the New York Times editorial board, which wrote that the rally,

"may have been a first in recent presidential history: an event that lined a chief executive’s campaign coffers and his pockets at the same time.......the $35,000-per-person event also suggested that Mr. Trump plans to run his second campaign much like his first, as an opportunity to not only further his political ambitions, but also to make a bit on the side."[137]

The Trump campaign held a raffle for someone to be a guest at the rally and have their picture taken with the president.[138][139] While similar raffles have been held in the past by other presidential candidates, such as Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton, the Trump campaign has taken the unusual move of not publicly disclosing who the winner was.[138]

Other developments
Campaign supporter in June 2017

On June 5, the campaign sent its supporters an email taking aim at former Vice President Joe Biden, a speculated potential candidate for the Democratic nomination, the email exclaimed that,

"Extreme leftists like Joe Biden will spend every waking minute over the next four years trying to tear down OUR President"[57]

On June 26, after Project Veritas uploaded videos about CNN, the campaign sent its supporters an email reading,

"This is the REAL opposition. The Democrats are a lost cause without a message, but the fake news media machine can push liberal propaganda all it wants 24/7 and pretend it's the truth."[140]

On June 4, Lara Trump spoke on behalf of the campaign, addressing a crowd of one thousand supporters at a luncheon held during the North Carolina Republican Party Convention. She stated,

“The Trump campaign is still active and I’m proud to be part of it. We work every day alongside the RNC and we are like this. We’re making sure we have an incredibly strong party, that we’re geared up for 2018, that we’re geared up for 2020. And in case nobody looked around at the other side, they look pretty bad, guys, it does not look good for the DNC right now."[141][142]

Lara Trump also made appearances on behalf of the campaign at events in New York and Texas during the month of June;[141] in New York, Lara spoke at the Sheraton New York Times Square Hotel on June 20th for the annual New York Republican State Committee gala.[143]

In late-June, Trump Michigan Republicans, an organization supporting Trump in the state of Michigan, began hosting seminars around the state to train supporters how to promote the president's agenda and how to bolster his reelection effort.[144]

July 2017: Sixth rally[edit]

On July 1, Trump delivered a speech at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts during an event honoring veterans. The event was sponsored by First Baptist Dallas and the Salem Media Group. Ironically, considering the event's co-sponsorship by a mass media company, Trump delved attacks on the media, the event was described as resembling one of Trump's campaign rallies.[145] That same day, the group Gays for Trump held a Make America Great Again Free Speech Rally at The Ellipse. However, this event drew only eighteen attendees.[146]

On July 6, The Hill and Newsweek reported that 2020 campaign merchandise bearing Trump's name (including merchandise supporting and opposing his candidacy) had been selling more than those with the names of prospective opponents.[147][148]

In its July 15 financial disbursement filing, the campaign reported that on June 27, nearly two-weeks before news of the Trump campaign–Russian meeting first surfaced, having made a payment Alan Futerfas, who is now defending the president's son Donald Trump Jr. for his involvement in that meeting.[3][149][150][151]

Sixth rally
Donald and Melania Trump at the campaign's sixth rally

Trump held his sixth campaign rally on July 25 at the Covelli Centre in Youngstown, Ohio.[152][153]

Trump reveled in an audience outside of the national capital, exclaiming, "I'm back in the American heartland far away from the Washington swamp"[153]

At the rally Trump condemned "predators and criminal aliens", calling them "animals".[154] Chicago Tribune writer Rex W. Huppke criticized Trump's remarks, comparing them to explicit statements Trump had made at the National Scout Jamboree the previous day.[154]

Trump also made remarks on the homicide rate in Chicago, and called on the mayor, Rahm Emanuel, to "get tough".[155] Emanuel responded the following day, stating: "It is not about being tough, it's about being smart and strategic."[155]

August 2017: Seventh rally and second advertising campaign[edit]

Seventh rally

Trump held his seventh campaign rally at the Big Sandy Superstore Arena in Huntington, West Virginia on August 3.[156]

Second advertising campaign: Let President Trump Do His Job

August 13, Trump's campaign released an advertisement entitled, Let President Trump Do His Job,[157] the ad attacks those that Trump alleges to be his 'enemies'. This divisive tone, notably, came in an ad released following the violent fraction that was displayed only one day prior in Charlottesville, Virgnia.[158] The campaign slated the advert for a national ad buy for cable television and the internet,[157] the advertisement portrays Trump’s enemies as being Democrats, the media and career politicians. The ad includes clips of various journalists, including several that work at CNN.[159]

CNN refused to play the ad, objecting to its portrayal of individual news anchors as being enemies of the President; in a statement provided to Buzzfeed, CNN commented,

”CNN would accept the ad if the images of reporters and anchors are removed. Anchors and reporters don't have 'enemies,' as the ad states, but they do hold those in power accountable across the political spectrum and aggressively challenge false and misleading statements and investigate wrong-doing.”[159]

Campaign chairman Michael Glassner derided CNN’s decision as, “censorship,”[159][160] saying,

"Today, CNN provided further proof that the network earns this mistrust every day by censoring President Trump's message to the American people by blocking our paid campaign ad. Clearly, the only viewpoint CNN allows on the air is CNN’s.”[159]

In retaliation to CNN, the President retweeted (and later deleted) a far-right activist’s post featuring an image of a train (identified as being the, “Trump Train”) running over CNN, this received criticism, as it came just days after a white-supremacist Trump supporter ran over a crowd of anti-racist protesters in Charlottesville.[161][162]

Other developments

The group Trump Michigan Republicans held several local rallies in support of Trump.[163]

Campaign finances[edit]

While Donald Trump donated and loaned funds to his previous campaign during the Republican primaries, thus-far he has not donated any of his own money to his reelection campaign. Instead, his reelection campaign has solely solicited donations.[164]

First quarter of 2017[edit]

Logo of the Trump Make America Great Again Committee

By February 1, 2017, the campaign had already raised over $7 million.[18]

At the end of the first quarter of 2017, the campaign's three committees ("Donald J. Trump for President", "Trump Victory", and "Trump Make America Great Again Committee") reported raising a combined $13.2 million, the majority of which had come from small donors.[53] On April 15, The Wall Street Journal determined that the Trump campaign had reported spending more than $500,000 in payments to companies owned by Trump, amounting to 6% of the $6.5 million that the campaign reported spending. [165] Additionally, the campaign spent more than $4 million on memorabilia (such as hats).[5]

Trump's campaign and the Republican National Committee (RNC) ultimately raised a combined $55 million in the quarter. According to the National Review's Kelly Jane Torrance, Barack Obama and the Democratic National Committee had raised roughly $16 million in the same period of Obama's first term.[5]

The Trump Make America Great Again joint fundraising committee (which sends 70% of contribution to Trump’s presidential campaign and 25% to the RNC) received contributions from Joseph Cayre and his son Jack Cayre.[166]

The Trump Victory joint fundraising committee received a $50,000 contribution from Eliot Tawil, a high-ranking employee of Jeff Sutton's Wharton Properties.[166][167][168] Trump Victory also received a sizable contribution from Consol Energy executive Craig Neal.[168]

Second quarter of 2017[edit]

On March 17, 2017 the campaign saw what was its highest single-day contribution total, with the campaign and its joint-fundraising-committee raising a combined total of $314,000.[169][170]

By the end of May the RNC had raised more than $62 million, the RNC had already received more online donations than they had in the entire year of 2016.[133]

The campaign began the second quarter with $8,361,603.28 on-hand.[3] They raised $7,954,888.84 and spent $4,369,374.54, ending the quarter with $11,947,117.58 on-hand.[3]

Among those that made contributions to the campaign in the second quarter of 2017 was Right Side Broadcasting Network-CEO Joseph Seales.[3]

Super PACs supporting Trump[edit]

Developments during the first quarter of 2017[edit]

The Great America PAC received donations from, among others, former NASCAR driver Walker Evans[173] and Insperity executive Jay Mincks.[174]

The Committee to Defend the President super PAC received contributions from, among others, Enterprise Products executive Ralph S. Cunningham.[175]

Center for Public Integrity analysis[edit]

The Center for Public Integrity published an analysis of first-quarter federal campaign spending records which revealed that two Super PACs supporting Trump, Great America PAC and Committee to Defend the President, had spent a combined $1.32 million on the 2020 election campaign.[2] Ted Harvey serves as the chairman of the Committee to Defend the President. Eric L. Beach and Ed Rollins serve as co-chairmen of Great America PAC.[2] Both PACs have previously been accused by the FEC of poorly maintaining financial records, and had been threatened with penalties.[2]

The Center for Public Integrity also found that several other pro-Trump PACs had already been founded in 2017, but most of them had yet to be very active. One such PAC was America First Action, which was founded by Charles Gantt. Gantt is the CEO of Red Curve Solutions, a political consulting firm for which Trump's 2020 campaign treasurer Bradley Crate is the senior vice president.[2]

Developments during the second quarter of 2017[edit]

On May 17, 2017 Mike Pence filed FEC paperwork to form Great America Committee, a PAC that would be headed by his former campaign staffers Nick Ayers and Marty Obst,[171][172] this is the first time in US history that a sitting vice president has founded such a political organization.[171]

Other groups supporting Trump[edit]

America First Policies[edit]

In late-January 2017 several members of Trump's 2016 campaign staff formed America First Policies, a pro-Trump political nonprofit, those involved included former deputy campaign chairs Rick Gates and David Bossie. Brad Parscale and Katrina Pierson were also involved. Additionally involved were Nick Ayers and Marty Obst, both of whom served as advisors to Mike Pence during the 2016 campaign.[176] Trump's former White House Deputy Chief of Staff Katie Walsh has also joined the organization.[93]

Near the end of May, members of the organization (including Walsh) participated in meetings at the RNC's D.C. offices with members Trump's family to discuss campaign strategy.[93][94][95]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ a b c d Scott, Eugene (April 17, 2017). "Trump campaign raking in money for 2020, disclosures show". CNN. Retrieved April 27, 2017. Trump's campaign committee has spent about $6.3 million during the first quarter of 2017. That includes giving more than $70,000 to the campaign committee's manager, Michael Glassner, who was Trump's deputy campaign manager, and more than $40,000 to John Pence, Vince President Mike Pence's nephew, who serves as the committee's deputy director. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Levinthal, Dave (May 5, 2017). "Pro-Trump super PACs have already spent $1 million on Election 2020". The Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved May 6, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Image# 201707159066696382 REPORT OF RECEIPTSAND DISBURSEMENTSBY AN AUTHORIZED COMMITTEE OF A CANDIDATE FOR THE OFFICE OF PRESIDENT OR VICE PRESIDENT" (PDF). Federal Elections Comission. July 15, 2017. Retrieved July 15, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Tumulty, Karen (18 January 2017). "How Donald Trump came up with 'Make America Great Again'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c "'Keep America Great': Trump Reelection Effort Raised $13M So Far, Report Says". Fox News. April 15, 2017. Retrieved April 28, 2017. 
  6. ^ Benen, Steve (March 21, 2017). "Trump picks the wrong slogan: 'Promises made, promises kept'". MSNBC. Retrieved June 28, 2017. 
  7. ^ Vogel, Kenneth P. (January 31, 2017). "Trump raised $11 million in December". Politico. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  8. ^ a b Isenstadt, Alex (January 10, 2017). "Trump laying the groundwork for 2020 reelection bid". Politico. Retrieved April 4, 2017. 
  9. ^ Bump, Philip (May 1, 2017). "Donald Trump started spending money on the 2020 race on Nov. 24". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 4, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Trump Reveals 2020 Re-Election Slogan: 'Keep America Great!'". FOX News Insider. Fox News. 18 January 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  11. ^ Spiering, Charlie (18 January 2017). "Donald Trump Trademarks 2020 Campaign Slogan: 'Keep America Great!'". Breitbart News. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  12. ^ "Details for Candidate ID : P80001571". Federal Election Commission. 
  13. ^ "FEC Form 99/Form 2" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. 20 January 2017. Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  14. ^ Gold, Matea. "President Trump tells the FEC he qualifies as a candidate for 2020". Washington Post. pp. 20 January 2017. Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  15. ^ a b c Herbert, Geoff (May 1, 2017). "President Trump launches first campaign ad for 2020 election -- 1282 days away". Advance Digital. Retrieved May 4, 2017. 
  16. ^ a b Isenstadt, Alex (10 January 2017). "Trump laying the groundwork for 2020 reelection bid". Politico. Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  17. ^ "Donald Trump is already looking to 2020 - The Boston Globe". Boston Globe. Associated Press. 13 January 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  18. ^ a b "Trump already has socked away more than $7 million for his 2020 reelection". Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-02-17. 
  19. ^ a b c Morehouse, Lee (31 January 2017). "Trump breaks precedent, files as candidate for re-election on first day". Meredith Corporation. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  20. ^ a b Diamond, Jeremy; Zeleny, Jeff (April 28, 2017). "Trump rallies: Campaign-funded, for a reason". CNN. Retrieved March 26, 2017. 
  21. ^ "TRUMP RETURNS TO CAMPAIGN-STYLE EVENTS TO SHORE UP SUPPORT AFTER SETBACKS". Newsweek. Reuters. February 17, 2017. Retrieved May 8, 2017. 
  22. ^ a b c d e Graham, David A. "Trump Kicks Off His 2020 Reelection Campaign on Saturday". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2017-02-17. 
  23. ^ New York City Department of Health (June 14, 1946). "Donald Trump Birth Certificate" (PDF). ABC News. Archived from the original on May 12, 2016. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
  24. ^ Jamaica Hospital (June 14, 1946). "Certificate of Birth: Donald John Trump". Fox News. Archived from the original on April 9, 2011. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
  25. ^ "When is Election Day in 2020?". n.d. Retrieved April 18, 2017. Election Day in 2020 is on Tuesday, the 3rd of November. 
  26. ^ Malone, Clare; Aschwanden, Christie (September 13, 2016). "Can A Candidate Be Too Old To Run For President?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved March 18, 2017. 
  27. ^ Healy, Patrick (August 22, 2016). "Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump, Ages 68 and 70, Share Few Health Details". The New York Times. Retrieved April 19, 2017. since Reagan's nomination in 1980 at age 69 — then the oldest major-party nominee to date — 
  28. ^ Kaufman, Sarah; Evers, Jishai (February 8, 2016). "Bernie Sanders Could Become The Oldest-Ever Presidential Nominee". Vocativ. Retrieved April 19, 2017. The oldest-ever presidential nominee for either party was Ronald Reagan, according to the The American Presidency Project. In 1984 at the age of 73, he ran for re-election. 
  29. ^ Schmuhl, Robert (September 24, 2012). "The Last Time America Had So Many Two-Term Presidents was the 1820s". Columbian College of Arts and Sciences (George Washington University). Retrieved April 18, 2017. 
  30. ^ Sharockman, Aaron (April 10, 2014). "How rare is it that we had three presidents re-elected consecutively? Very rare". Retrieved April 18, 2017. 
  31. ^ a b c d e Corrado, Anthony; Tenpas, Kathryn Dunn (March 30, 2004). "Permanent Campaign Brushes Aside Tradition". Brookings Institution. Retrieved July 11, 2017. 
  32. ^ a b c d "The Rise of the President's Permanent Campaign". University of Kansas. n.d. Retrieved July 11, 2017. Brendan Doherty provides empirical evidence of the growing focus by American presidents on electoral concerns throughout their terms in office, clearly demonstrating that we can no longer assume that the time a president spends campaigning for reelection can be separated from the time he spends governing. To track the evolving relationship between campaigning and governing, Doherty examines the strategic choices that presidents make and what those choices reveal about presidential priorities, he focuses on the rise in presidential fundraising and the targeting of key electoral states throughout a president's term in office—illustrating that recent presidents have disproportionately visited those states that are important to their political prospects while largely neglecting those without electoral payoff. He also shows how decisions about electoral matters previously made by party officials are now made by voter-conscious operatives within the White House. 
  33. ^ Superville, Darlene; Riechmann, Deb (18 February 2017). "Outside of Washington, Trump slips back into campaign mode". Fox News. West Palm Beach, Florida. Associated Press. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  34. ^ Miller, Zeke J. (19 February 2017). "Trump Is Already Campaigning For Reelection in 2020". 'Fortune. Time Inc. Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  35. ^ "A newspaper has documented 'everything that happened in Sweden last night'". The Independent. 2017-02-20. Retrieved 2017-02-21. 
  36. ^ Topping, Alexandra. "'Sweden, who would believe this?': Trump cites non-existent terror attack". The Guardian. Retrieved 2017-02-19. 
  37. ^ a b "Facts about migration and crime in Sweden". Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs. February 23, 2017. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  38. ^ Donald Trump [@realDonaldTrump] (February 19, 2017). "My statement as to what's happening in Sweden was in reference to a story that was broadcast on @FoxNews concerning immigrants & Sweden." (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  39. ^ Chan, Sewell (February 19, 2017). "'Last Night in Sweden'? Trump's Remark Baffles a Nation". The New York Times. Retrieved February 22, 2017. 
  40. ^ Beckwith, Ryan Teague (March 13, 2017). "President Trump Will Lay a Wreath at Andrew Jackson's Grave". Time Magazine. Retrieved May 3, 2017. 
  41. ^ a b Meyer, Myer; Ebert, Joel (March 15, 2017). "Trump tours The Hermitage, lays wreath on Andrew Jackson's tomb". The Tennesseean. Retrieved May 3, 2017. 
  42. ^ a b Schuessler, Jennifer (March 15, 2017). "A History of Presidents, Mostly Democrats, Paying Homage to Jackson". The New York Times. Retrieved March 3, 2017. 
  43. ^ a b Graham, Chris (March 16, 2017). "Why is Donald Trump paying homage to Andrew Jackson and what are the comparisons?". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved May 3, 2017. 
  44. ^ "REPLAY: President Trump speaks at rally in Nashville". The Tennesseean. March 15, 2017. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  45. ^ Merica, Dan (March 20, 2017). "Trump restrains himself in Kentucky, doesn't respond to FBI testimony". CNN. Retrieved April 4, 2017. 
  46. ^ Rosenberg, Matthew; Huetteman, Emmarie; Schmidt, Michael (March 20, 2017). "Comey Confirms F.B.I. Investigation of Russian Election Interference, Links to Trump Campaign". The New York Times. Retrieved March 20, 2017. 
  47. ^ Stanglin, Doug; Alexander, Bryan (March 4, 2017). "Thousands of supporters 'March 4 Trump' at rallies across USA". USA Today. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  48. ^ Bailey, Chelsea; McCausland, Phil (March 4, 2016). "Trump supporters across the nation gather for 'March 4 Trump'". NBC News. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  49. ^ Wang, Amy B (March 5, 2017). "Pro-Trump rally in Berkeley turns violent as protesters clash with the president's supporters". Washington Post. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  50. ^ Campuzano, Eder (March 4, 2017). "March 4 Trump meets resistance during Lake Oswego rally". The Oregonian. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  51. ^ Carcamo, Cindy; Elmahre, Adam; Brazil, Ben (March 26, 2017). "Violence erupts at pro-Trump rally in Huntington Beach". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  52. ^ Bykowicz, Julie (March 29, 2017). "Lara Trump Hired by Trump Campaign's Digital Vendor". U.S. News & World Report. Associated Press. Retrieved June 11, 2017. 
  53. ^ a b Vogel, Kenneth P. (April 15, 2017). "Trump's reelection campaign raised $13.2 million in first quarter". Politico. Retrieved April 18, 2017. 
  54. ^ Terkel, Amanda (April 28, 2017). "Trump Warns 'Pocahontas' May Run For President In 2020". HuffPost. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  55. ^ Wagner, John (April 28, 2017). "Trump again derides Elizabeth Warren as 'Pocahontas' during NRA speech". The Washington Post. 
  56. ^ Gregg, Christina (April 28, 2017). "Trump suggests potential 2020 election battle against 'Pocahontas' Elizabeth Warren". AOL. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  57. ^ a b Steakin, William (June 5, 2017). "Trump campaign takes aim at Joe Biden's possible 2020 run: 'The Left just doesn’t get it'". AOL News. Retrieved June 6, 2017. 
  58. ^ Malawskey, Nick (April 26, 2017). "As President Trump heads to Harrisburg, anti-Trump rally planned". Advance Digital. Retrieved April 27, 2017. 
  59. ^ a b Jagannathan, Meera (April 23, 2017). "President Trump to hold rally same night as White House Correspondents' Dinner in Harrisburg, which he once called a 'war zone'". New York Daily News. Retrieved April 24, 2017. 
  60. ^ "Trump avoiding White House Correspondents' Dinner". Tribune Content Agency, LLC. April 27, 2017. Retrieved April 27, 2017. 
  61. ^ a b c Diaz, Daniella; Wilis, Amanda (April 29, 2017). "Trump's 100th day rally: Live updates". CNN. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  62. ^ Benen, Steve (April 25, 2017). "Trump brags about executive orders he used to condemn". MSNBC. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  63. ^ Vogel, Kenneth P.; Schreckinger, Ben (May 2, 2017). "Trump rally altercations could add to legal woes". Politico. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  64. ^ a b "Trump's campaign up with $1.5 million ad buy to tout early presidency". Politico. May 1, 2017. Retrieved May 1, 2017. 
  65. ^ Trump, Donald (April 29, 2017). "President Trump: In my first 100 days, I kept my promise to Americans". Washington Post. Retrieved May 1, 2017. 
  66. ^ a b c d e Tilett, Emily (March 1, 2017). "Trump Campaign launches latest attack on media in $1.5 billion ad buy". CBS News. Retrieved May 1, 2017. 
  67. ^ a b c Benen, Steve (May 2, 2017). "Team Trump flubs the first ad of the 2020 election cycle". MSNBC. Retrieved May 4, 2017. 
  68. ^ a b c DePaolo, Joe (May 1, 2017). "'America is Winning': Donald Trump Launches 2020 Campaign Ad on His 102nd Day in Office". Mediaite. Retrieved May 4, 2017. 
  69. ^ a b c Zorn, Eric (May 5, 2017). "No rest for the campaign weary: Trump 2020 ads begin". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  70. ^ Robertson, Lori (May 2, 2017). "Trump’s TV Campaign Ad". Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  71. ^ a b Sheth, Sonam (May 1, 2017). "Trump reelection campaign pulls first 100 days ad amid concerns it may have violated federal law". Business Insider. Retrieved May 9, 2017. 
  72. ^ a b Joyella, Mark (May 1, 2017). "Trump Releases Campaign Ad, And Yes, He's Running Against The News Media". Forbes. Retrieved May 4, 2017. 
  73. ^ a b Martosko, David; Earle, Geoff (May 5, 2017). "It's not just CNN: Now ABC, CBS and NBC all refuse to run Trump re-election campaign ad that blasts them as 'FAKE NEWS'". Daily Mail. Retrieved May 6, 2017. 
  74. ^ a b Agard, Chancellor (May 2, 2017). "CNN refuses to air 'false' Trump campaign ad". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  75. ^ a b "Trump campaign says CNN refuses to run ad touting success". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Associated Press. May 2, 2017. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  76. ^ a b Gold, Hadas (May 2, 2017). "CNN: We didn't run Trump ad because of 'fake news' graphic". Politico. Retrieved May 2, 2016. 
  77. ^ a b c Romano, Nick (May 6, 2017). "Trump's reelection team says ABC, NBC, CBS blocked 'Fake News' ad". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 8, 2017. 
  78. ^ Trump, Lara (May 5, 2017). "ALL MAINSTREAM TV NETWORKS BLOCK PAID CAMPAIGN AD SETTING A CHILLING PRECEDENT AGAINST FREE SPEECH". Donald Trump presidential campaign, 2020. Retrieved May 8, 2017. 
  79. ^ Salaky, Kristin (May 8, 2017). "All Statements Scrubbed From Trump Campaign Site—Including Travel Ban". Talking Points Memo. Retrieved May 8, 2017. 
  80. ^ Shelbourne, Mallory (May 8, 2017). "Trump call for Muslim ban deleted from site after reporter's question". The Hill. Retrieved May 8, 2017. 
  81. ^ Marcin, Tim (May 9, 2017). "THE WHITE HOUSE IS TRYING TO MAKE TRUMP’S MUSLIM BAN DISAPPEAR". Vanity Fair. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  82. ^ a b Miller, S.A. (May 9, 2017). "Trump campaign launches new website in re-election bid". The Washington Times. Retrieved July 5, 2017. 
  83. ^ a b May, Charlie (May 10, 2017). "Donald Trump launches a new website to gear up for 2020 re-election campaign". Salon. Retrieved July 5, 2017. 
  84. ^ Fredericks, Bob (May 9, 2017). "Trump launches new site for re-election campaign". New York Post. Retrieved July 5, 2017. 
  85. ^ Young, Shannon (May 9, 2017). "President Donald Trump's campaign to offer 'behind-the-scenes' look, combat 'mainstream media' through new website". Advance Digital. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  86. ^ Campbell, Charles (May 9, 2017). "Team Trump Launches New Website For Re-election Campaign". Western Journalism. Retrieved July 5, 2017. 
  87. ^ Garcia, Arturo (May 9, 2017). "Did a Trump Campaign Web Site URL Reveal a Contempt for the Poor?". Snopes. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  88. ^ Rahmin, Abid (May 9, 2017). "Twitter Users Exploit Trump Website Vulnerability to Mock President, Slam GOP Health Bill". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  89. ^ Morrow, Brendan (May 9, 2017). "Donald Trump Campaign Launches New Website With a Typo on the Front Page". Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  90. ^ Marcin, Tim (May 9, 2017). "DONALD TRUMP'S NEW WEBSITE FEATURES MILITARY PERSONNEL, TWEETS, MERCHANDISE". Newsweek. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  91. ^ Doran, Tom C. (May 12, 2017). "Field message draws national interest". AgriNews Publications. Post-Bulletin. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  92. ^ Goodin, Emily (June 30, 2017). "White House Courting Key States Ahead of Election Season". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 
  93. ^ a b c Costa, Robert (May 27, 2017). "Trump family members met with GOP leaders to discuss strategy". Washington Post. Retrieved June 19, 2017. 
  94. ^ a b Benen, Steve (May 30, 2017). "Trump’s family takes new steps to blur ethical boundaries". MSNBC. Retrieved June 19, 2017. 
  95. ^ a b Reyner, Solange (May 27, 2017). "Trump Family Members Meet With RNC Leaders to Discuss Strategy". Newsmax. Retrieved June 19, 2017. 
  96. ^ a b c d Benen, Steve (June 5, 2017). "Trump campaign’s ‘Pittsburgh, not Paris’ rally draws ‘dozens’". MSNBC. Retrieved June 5, 2017. 
  97. ^ a b Juliano, Nick (June 2, 2017). "Trump campaign plans ‘Pittsburgh, not Paris’ rally to cheer climate deal exit". Politico. Retrieved June 5, 2017. 
  98. ^ Chait, Johnathan (June 3, 2017). "Trump Chooses Most Ironic Location in the Entire World for Anti-France Rally". New York (magazine). Retrieved June 6, 2017. 
  99. ^ a b Vitali, Ali (June 2, 2017). "Trump Campaign Touts ‘Pittsburgh Not Paris’ Rally". NBC News. Retrieved June 5, 2017. 
  100. ^ a b c d Subbaraman, Nidhi (June 3, 2017). "Trump Supporters And Some Climate Change Deniers Rallied To Thank Him For Leaving The Paris Agreement". Buzzfeed News. Retrieved June 5, 2017. 
  101. ^ a b Sheth, Sonam (June 3, 2017). "The White House hyped up a 'Pittsburgh, not Paris' rally — and Trump skipped it to go to his golf club". Business Insider. Retrieved June 5, 2017. 
  102. ^ a b Connley, Courtney (June 3, 2017). "Trump supporters rally outside White House for 'Pittsburgh Not Paris' event". ABC News. Retrieved June 5, 2017. 
  103. ^ Colarossi, Sean (June 3, 2017). "Trump’s ‘Pittsburgh, Not Paris’ Rally A Massive Flop Compared To Nationwide ‘March For Truth’". Retrieved June 5, 2017. 
  104. ^ a b c d e f g h Wagner, John; Parker, Ashley (June 20, 2017). "'He loves rallies': Trump Looks Beyond Washington for Support". Washington Post. Retrieved June 28, 2017. 
  105. ^ a b c d e f Liptak, Kevin (June 28, 2017). "President homebody: Trump stays close to the White House". CNN. Retrieved June 29, 2017. 
  106. ^ Edelman, Adam (June 7, 2017). "Trump touts $1 trillion infrastructure plan during Ohio speech". New York Daily News. Retrieved June 13, 2017. telling a crowd of Cincinnati supporters that the U.S. "deserves the best infrastructure in the world.” Trump's campaign-style speech, at the Rivertowne Marina 
  107. ^ Bedard, Paul (June 12, 2017). "It's on: Trump to hit 2020 battleground states to pitch infrastructure, jobs". Washington Examiner. Retrieved June 14, 2017. 
  108. ^ "The Odds Of An Electoral College-Popular Vote Split Are Increasing". FiveThirtyEight. 2016-11-01. Retrieved 2017-06-08. 
  109. ^ McDermott, Monika (January 5, 2012). "Iowa's bad track record for picking GOP winners". CBS News. Retrieved June 9, 2017. For a few months every four years the state of Iowa becomes a focal point for the nation as it holds its first-in-the-nation presidential nominating contest - the Iowa caucuses. 
  110. ^ Richardson, Bradford (August 17, 2015). "Iowa State Fair attendees pick Sanders over Clinton". The Hill. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  111. ^ a b c d e "Cedar Rapids Trump rally postponed". The Gazette (Cedar Rapids). May 27, 2017. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  112. ^ a b c Morin, Rebecca (May 15, 2017). "Trump cancels Iowa rally". Politico. Retrieved May 15, 2017. 
  113. ^ Riotta, Chris (May 27, 2017). "Trump Suddenly Cancels Surprise Rally In Iowa newsweek". Newsweek. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  114. ^ McGraw, Meridith (May 27, 2017). "President Trump's campaign rally for June 1 in Iowa is postponed". ABC News. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  115. ^ Diamond, Jeremy (June 21, 2017). "Trump set for victory lap at Iowa rally". CNN. Retrieved June 21, 2017. 
  116. ^ Glueck, Katie (July 7, 2017). "How not to primary Donald Trump". McClatchy. Retrieved July 9, 2017. 
  117. ^ Albert, Tim (June 22, 2017). "Iowa GOP Chairman Rips ‘Arrogant Academic’ Ben Sasse". Politico. Retrieved July 9, 2017. 
  118. ^ Petroski, William (July 8, 2017). "Reynolds: Yes, Senator Sasse, you're welcome in Iowa". Des Moines Register. Retrieved July 9, 2017. 
  119. ^ Miller, Michael (June 23, 2017). "Donald Trump Rally Video Accidentally Proclaims He’s ‘Putting Our Minors Back to Work’". People. Retrieved July 7, 2017. 
  120. ^ a b Boshart, Rod (May 11, 2017). "Vice President Mike Pence coming to Iowa". The Gazette. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  121. ^ Chaitlen, Daniel (June 3, 2017). "Mike Pence and Sen. Joni Ernst arrive at Iowa event riding motorcycles". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved June 5, 2017. 
  122. ^ a b c Isenstadt, Alex (May 31, 2017). "Trump to hold reelection fundraiser in June". Politico. Retrieved May 31, 2017. 
  123. ^ a b c "Invitation". Politico. n.d. Retrieved May 31, 2017. 
  124. ^ a b c d Sinclair, Harriet (June 21, 2017). "TRUMP’S 2020 RE-ELECTION CAMPAIGN TO KICK OFF WITH $35,000-PER-TICKET DINNER AT OWN HOTEL IN WASHINGTON, D.C.". Newsweek. Retrieved June 25, 2017. 
  125. ^ name=wsjfundraiser1>Ballhaus, Rebecca. "Trump to Hold First 2020 Campaign Fundraiser at Trump Hotel in Washington". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 25, 2017. 
  126. ^ Bykowicz, Julie (June 21, 2017). "Trump to host Trump re-election fundraiser at Trump hotel". Associated Press. Retrieved June 25, 2017. 
  127. ^ a b c d Drucker, David M. (June 21, 2017). "Trump kicking off 2020 fundraising with high dollar DC fundraiser". Washington Examiner. Retrieved June 25, 2017. 
  128. ^ a b c d e Liptak, Kevin; Malloy, Allie (June 28, 2017). "White House disinvites press from fundraiser". CNN. Retrieved June 29, 2017. 
  129. ^ a b c Squiteri, Jason (June 28, 2017). "Dem congressman: 'Just plain wrong' for Trump to hold fundraiser at own hotel". CNN. Retrieved June 29, 2017. 
  130. ^ Bykowicz, Julie; Colvin, Jill (June 28, 2017). "Trump rakes in $10 million at first re-election fundraiser". ABC News. Associated Press. Retrieved July 3, 2017. 
  131. ^ Brown, Willie (July 1, 2017). "Trump twisting arms for 2020". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved July 3, 2017. 
  132. ^ a b Isenstadt, Alex (June 28, 2017). "Trump rips media, mocks Pelosi at closed-door fundraiser". Politico. Retrieved July 9, 2017. 
  133. ^ a b c Bykowicz, Julie; Colvin, Jill (June 29, 2017). "Trump trashes media, cheers wins at $10 million fundraiser". Associated Press. Retrieved July 9, 2017. 
  134. ^ Nuzzi, Olivia (July 9, 2017). "Scenes From the Swamp: (Almost) Inside Trump’s $35,000-Per-Plate Reelection Fundraiser". New York Magazine. Retrieved July 10, 2017. 
  135. ^ "President Trump's politicking raises ethics flags". CNBC. Associated Press. July 28, 2017. Retrieved July 9, 2017. 
  136. ^ Williams, Janice (June 28, 2017). "TRUMP 2020 CAMPAIGN IS GETTING UNDERWAY AT D.C. HOTEL, AS PRESIDENT IGNORES CONFLICT OF INTEREST ACCUSATIONS". Newsweek. Retrieved July 10, 2017. 
  137. ^ a b The New York Times Editorial Board (June 30, 2017). "Mr. Trump’s For-Profit Campaign". The New York Times. Retrieved July 7, 2017. 
  138. ^ a b Adler, Jerry; Walker, Hunter (July 7, 2017). "Someone supposedly won a dinner with President Trump last month, but we don’t know who". Yahoo News. Retrieved July 9, 2017. 
  139. ^ "Meet the President". Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. n.d. Retrieved July 9, 2017. 
  140. ^ Smith IV, Jack (June 28, 2017). "Trump using James O'Keefe's CNN sting video to raise money for 2020". AOL. Retrieved July 9, 2017. 
  141. ^ a b Glueck, Katie (June 7, 2017). "The face of Donald Trump’s 2020 campaign". McClatchy. Retrieved June 11, 2017. 
  142. ^ Hilburn, Rachel Lewis (June 4, 2017). "Lara Trump Leads Digital Trump Campaign, Already In Gear, For 2020". WHQR. Retrieved June 14, 2017. 
  143. ^ Figueroa, Laura (June 20, 2017). "Trump’s daughter-in-law, Florida guv headline GOP dinner". Newsday. Retrieved June 29, 2017. 
  144. ^ Hiyama, Andrew (June 26, 2017). "At Michigan Republicans gathering, Trump supporters pass out "training cards" for reelection". The Michigan Daily. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 
  145. ^ Mark, Michelle (July 1, 2017). "'I'm president and they're not': Trump slams media in speech honoring veterans". Business Insider. Retrieved July 10, 2017. 
  146. ^ Chibbaro, Lou (July 4, 2017). "Gay-organized Trump rally draws just 18 attendees". Los Angeles Blade. Retrieved July 7, 2017. 
  147. ^ Kurtz, Judy (July 6, 2017). "Trump winning against Dems in 2020 merchandise sales". The Hill. Retrieved July 9, 2017. 
  148. ^ Sinclair, Harriet (July 9, 2017). "TRUMP 2020 MERCHANDISE IS OUTPERFORMING DEMOCRAT PRODUCTS". Newsweek. Retrieved July 9, 2017. 
  149. ^ Berman, Mark; Gold, Matea (July 15, 2017). "Trump campaign paid firm of lawyer representing Trump Jr. before emails were made public". www, The Washington Post. Retrieved July 15, 2017. 
  150. ^ Manchester, Julia (July 15, 2017). "Trump campaign paid Trump Jr.’s lawyer weeks before Russia meeting revelation". The Hill. Retrieved July 15, 2017. 
  151. ^ Sheth, Sonam (July 15, 2017). "Trump campaign paid Trump Jr.'s lawyer $50,000 last month — before revelations that Trump Jr. met with a Russian lawyer". Business Insider. Reuters. Retrieved July 15, 2017. 
  152. ^ Alex Pappas (July 25, 2017). "Trump celebrates ObamaCare vote, but avoids criticizing Jeff Sessions at Ohio rally". Fox News. Retrieved July 26, 2017. 
  153. ^ a b Merica, Dan (July 26, 2017). "Trump makes 'presidential' pitch at Ohio rally". CNN. Retrieved August 17, 2017. 
  154. ^ a b Huppke, Rex W. (July 27, 2017). "Trump's abnormal behavior knows no boundries". Chicago Tribune. Chicago. 
  155. ^ a b Janssen, Kim (July 27, 2017). "Trump's message for Emanuel: 'Get tough'". Chicago Tribune. Chicago. 
  156. ^ Alex Pappas (August 3, 2017). "Trump tells West Virginia rally: ‘We didn’t win because of Russia. We won because of you’". Fox News. Retrieved August 4, 2017. 
  157. ^ a b "DONALD J. TRUMP FOR PRESIDENT, INC. RELEASES NEW CAMPAIGN AD". Donald J. Trump for president. August 13, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  158. ^ Watkins, Eli (August 13, 2017). "Trump re-election campaign releases ad attacking 'enemies'". CNN. Retrieved August 13, 2017. 
  159. ^ a b c d Estepa, Jessica (August 15, 2017). "Trump campaign accuses CNN of censorship for not airing 'president's enemies' ad". USA Today. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  160. ^ "CNN Censors Campaign Ad…Again". Donald J. Trump for President. August 15, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  161. ^ Wickman, Forrest (August 15, 2017). "Trump Just Retweeted a Cartoon of the “#TrumpTrain” Running Someone Over. Then He Retweeted a Tweet Calling Him a Fascist.". Slate. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  162. ^ Nakamura, David; Davis, Aaron C. (August 15, 2017). "After Charlottesville, Trump retweets — then deletes — image of train running over CNN reporter". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  163. ^ Eberbach, Jennifer (August 16, 2017). "200 gather in Howell to support Trump in wake of criticism". Livingston Daily. Retrieved August 17, 2016. 
  164. ^ Bykowicz, Julie; Colvin, Jill (June 29, 2017). "Trump trashes media, cheers wins at $10 million fundraiser". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 8, 2017. 
  165. ^ Ballhaus, Rebecca (April 17, 2017). "Donald Trump's Companies Benefit From Campaign Funds". Wall Street Journal. New York City. Retrieved April 18, 2017. 
  166. ^ a b Bockmann, Rich (April 17, 2017). "NYC real estate players are wasting no time backing Trump’s 2020 run". Korangy Publishing. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  167. ^ "Individual contributions data". Federal Election Commission. n.d. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  168. ^ a b "Page by Page Report Display (Page 6 of 33)". Federal Elections Commission. April 14, 2017. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  169. ^ Cadei, Emily (May 18, 2017). "TRUMP 2020 CAMPAIGN CLAIMS A FUNDRAISING RECORD AMID RUSSIA PROBES". Newsweek. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  170. ^ Bedard, Paul (May 18, 2017). "Trump 2020 raises record $314,000 in just one day". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  171. ^ a b c Hillyard, Vaughn (May 18, 2017). "Pence Creates PAC Ahead of 2018, 2020 Elections". NBC News. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  172. ^ a b "FILING FEC-1162693". Federal Election Commission. May 17, 2017. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  173. ^ "Page by Page Report Display (Page 290 of 1081)". Federal Elections Commission. May 15, 2017. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  174. ^ "Page by Page Report Display (Page 575 of 1081)". Federal Elections Commission. May 15, 2017. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  175. ^ "Page by Page Report Display (Page 921 of 4397)". Federal Elections Commission. May 17, 2017. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  176. ^ Bykowicz, Julie (May 18, 2017). "Trump advisers start 'America First Policies' nonprofit". U.S. News & World Report. Associated Press. Retrieved May 18, 2017.