# Education Index

The United Nations publishes a Human Development Index (HDI) every year, which consists of the Life Expectancy Index, Education index, and Income index.[1] The Education Index is calculated from the Mean years of schooling index and the Expected years of schooling index.[1]

Education is a major component of well-being and is used in the measure of economic development and quality of life, which is a key factor determining whether a country is a developed, developing, or underdeveloped nation.

## Calculation

Education index EI is calculated from "Expected years of schooling" EYS (Number of years a child of school entrance age can expect to spend in a given level of education) and "Mean years of schooling" MYS (Average number of completed years of education of a population [25 years and older]). "Expected years of schooling" is indexed by dividing by 18 and "Mean years of schooling" is indexed by dividing by 15. Education index is obtained by averaging these two indices, the maximum for "Mean years of schooling", 15, is the projected maximum of this indicator for 2025. The maximum for "Expected years of schooling", 18, is equivalent to achieving a master's degree in most countries.[1][2]

Education Index is calculated as follows:

${\displaystyle EI={\frac {{\textrm {MYSI}}+{\textrm {EYSI}}}{2}}}$
${\displaystyle MYSI={\frac {\textrm {MYS}}{15}}}$[3]
${\displaystyle EYSI={\frac {\textrm {EYS}}{18}}}$[4]

## Ranking

As of March 2015, the latest data was published as part of the Human Development Report from 2014, which can be downloaded directly from the UNDP website.[5]

The table below lists data since 1980, the scoring system yields 1 as the highest possible theoretical score, indicating perfect education attainment. All countries considered to be developed countries (based on their HDI rank, see list of countries by HDI) possess high scores on education index as well.

Country Education index
1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Afghanistan 0.076 0.103 0.121 0.175 0.226 0.297 0.309 0.321 0.332 0.344 0.357 0.365 0.365 0.365
Albania 0.541 0.528 0.537 0.529 0.565 0.595 0.596 0.598 0.600 0.601 0.602 0.609 0.609 0.609
Algeria 0.321 0.347 0.382 0.424 0.493 0.563 0.570 0.581 0.598 0.615 0.631 0.643 0.643 0.643
Andorra 0.670 0.670 0.670 0.670
Angola 0.299 0.365 0.380 0.395 0.410 0.426 0.441 0.474 0.474 0.474
Antigua and Barbuda 0.687 0.681 0.681 0.681
Argentina 0.538 0.598 0.627 0.648 0.711 0.726 0.730 0.729 0.732 0.756 0.783 0.783 0.783 0.783
Armenia 0.633 0.631 0.668 0.671 0.685 0.701 0.690 0.701 0.701 0.701 0.701 0.701
Australia 0.870 0.870 0.874 0.894 0.895 0.902 0.905 0.907 0.913 0.916 0.919 0.922 0.927 0.927
Austria 0.592 0.614 0.661 0.699 0.730 0.747 0.756 0.759 0.771 0.780 0.794 0.794 0.794 0.794
Azerbaijan 0.638 0.667 0.673 0.679 0.679 0.687 0.697 0.700 0.700 0.700
Bahamas 0.668 0.708 0.708 0.714 0.714 0.714 0.714 0.714 0.714 0.714
Bahrain 0.425 0.535 0.574 0.619 0.656 0.711 0.703 0.706 0.708 0.711 0.714 0.714 0.714 0.714
Bangladesh 0.202 0.219 0.251 0.292 0.330 0.381 0.388 0.395 0.397 0.415 0.433 0.447 0.447 0.447
Barbados 0.549 0.612 0.628 0.662 0.684 0.714 0.720 0.725 0.736 0.747 0.743 0.740 0.740 0.740
Belarus 0.717 0.738 0.759 0.779 0.812 0.812 0.817 0.820 0.820
Belgium 0.626 0.655 0.705 0.804 0.835 0.792 0.794 0.796 0.797 0.802 0.807 0.812 0.812 0.812
Belize 0.538 0.548 0.563 0.578 0.603 0.660 0.676 0.678 0.679 0.676 0.675 0.678 0.689 0.689
Benin 0.144 0.186 0.201 0.235 0.269 0.339 0.352 0.364 0.377 0.390 0.403 0.414 0.414 0.414
Bhutan 0.410 0.421 0.421 0.421
Bolivia 0.411 0.466 0.528 0.577 0.620 0.654 0.655 0.656 0.662 0.668 0.674 0.674 0.674 0.674
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.653 0.651 0.648 0.652 0.649 0.650 0.655 0.655 0.655
Botswana 0.282 0.363 0.459 0.516 0.576 0.607 0.603 0.607 0.611 0.615 0.619 0.619 0.619 0.619
Brazil 0.362 0.415 0.463 0.524 0.581 0.614 0.627 0.639 0.657 0.658 0.662 0.661 0.661 0.661
Brunei Darussalam 0.519 0.541 0.589 0.626 0.646 0.672 0.682 0.681 0.677 0.682 0.678 0.681 0.692 0.692
Bulgaria 0.579 0.610 0.632 0.646 0.676 0.710 0.713 0.725 0.728 0.735 0.747 0.749 0.749 0.749
Burkina Faso 0.172 0.178 0.192 0.206 0.217 0.228 0.242 0.250 0.250
Burundi 0.086 0.135 0.170 0.182 0.187 0.242 0.281 0.303 0.327 0.351 0.370 0.370 0.370 0.370
Cambodia 0.353 0.358 0.363 0.372 0.400 0.478 0.485 0.491 0.494 0.495 0.495 0.495 0.495 0.495
Cameroon 0.265 0.300 0.336 0.344 0.357 0.408 0.406 0.429 0.446 0.463 0.480 0.486 0.486 0.486
Canada 0.749 0.763 0.809 0.826 0.808 0.853 0.853 0.852 0.851 0.851 0.850 0.850 0.850 0.850
Cape Verde 0.442 0.442 0.461 0.458 0.464 0.467 0.472 0.483 0.483 0.483
Central African Republic 0.176 0.208 0.213 0.211 0.248 0.280 0.286 0.291 0.296 0.302 0.311 0.318 0.318 0.318
Chad 0.186 0.203 0.210 0.218 0.225 0.236 0.236 0.256 0.256 0.256
Chile 0.528 0.576 0.625 0.615 0.650 0.707 0.705 0.717 0.740 0.737 0.740 0.746 0.746 0.746
China 0.358 0.366 0.406 0.436 0.478 0.531 0.544 0.561 0.575 0.590 0.599 0.610 0.610 0.610
Colombia 0.387 0.406 0.439 0.489 0.536 0.574 0.580 0.591 0.603 0.609 0.611 0.613 0.602 0.602
Comoros 0.402 0.409 0.416 0.423 0.430 0.437 0.443 0.450 0.450
Congo 0.440 0.464 0.456 0.445 0.410 0.459 0.467 0.475 0.483 0.491 0.499 0.505 0.511 0.511
Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.241 0.249 0.253 0.272 0.297 0.316 0.320 0.323 0.346 0.349 0.355 0.361 0.372 0.372
Costa Rica 0.445 0.464 0.503 0.546 0.584 0.594 0.602 0.611 0.627 0.637 0.640 0.652 0.654 0.654
Cote d'Ivoire 0.204 0.217 0.232 0.261 0.302 0.343 0.351 0.359 0.368 0.376 0.384 0.389 0.389 0.389
Croatia 0.497 0.553 0.656 0.708 0.719 0.729 0.737 0.744 0.760 0.770 0.770 0.770
Cuba 0.553 0.586 0.625 0.620 0.660 0.735 0.771 0.803 0.819 0.819 0.790 0.768 0.743 0.743
Cyprus 0.465 0.513 0.546 0.655 0.676 0.731 0.740 0.751 0.765 0.778 0.765 0.771 0.776 0.776
Czech Republic 0.689 0.693 0.726 0.783 0.850 0.848 0.854 0.851 0.860 0.863 0.866 0.866 0.866
Denmark 0.672 0.704 0.711 0.751 0.804 0.864 0.863 0.865 0.867 0.868 0.873 0.873 0.873 0.873
Djibouti 0.248 0.253 0.267 0.278 0.284 0.295 0.306 0.306 0.306
Dominica 0.617 0.617 0.617 0.617 0.607 0.607 0.607 0.607 0.607 0.607
Dominican Republic 0.393 0.452 0.481 0.510 0.540 0.576 0.579 0.582 0.583 0.583 0.584 0.587 0.590 0.590
Ecuador 0.507 0.550 0.555 0.546 0.547 0.583 0.585 0.587 0.589 0.592 0.594 0.594 0.594 0.594
Egypt 0.279 0.349 0.386 0.434 0.486 0.525 0.534 0.544 0.553 0.562 0.573 0.573 0.573 0.573
El Salvador 0.317 0.340 0.367 0.413 0.469 0.528 0.531 0.530 0.531 0.537 0.541 0.548 0.553 0.553
Equatorial Guinea 0.415 0.415 0.415 0.415 0.415 0.415 0.415 0.415 0.415 0.415
Eritrea 0.228 0.228 0.228 0.228
Estonia 0.674 0.705 0.808 0.855 0.853 0.854 0.852 0.852 0.859 0.859 0.859 0.859
Ethiopia 0.169 0.233 0.252 0.281 0.301 0.305 0.300 0.314 0.317 0.317
Fiji 0.498 0.517 0.557 0.609 0.671 0.694 0.710 0.723 0.735 0.747 0.759 0.767 0.767 0.767
Finland 0.645 0.665 0.691 0.758 0.765 0.812 0.816 0.814 0.815 0.808 0.812 0.815 0.815 0.815
France 0.543 0.571 0.633 0.728 0.761 0.790 0.792 0.796 0.800 0.803 0.807 0.813 0.816 0.816
Gabon 0.380 0.434 0.474 0.510 0.545 0.571 0.575 0.578 0.582 0.586 0.589 0.589 0.589 0.589
Gambia 0.162 0.171 0.191 0.210 0.256 0.307 0.318 0.329 0.340 0.343 0.346 0.346 0.346 0.346
Georgia 0.754 0.751 0.768 0.759 0.770 0.770 0.770 0.770 0.770
Germany 0.590 0.600 0.646 0.739 0.787 0.858 0.872 0.875 0.877 0.879 0.879 0.884 0.884 0.884
Ghana 0.327 0.358 0.503 0.411 0.433 0.460 0.477 0.496 0.516 0.522 0.535 0.544 0.553 0.553
Greece 0.543 0.595 0.596 0.637 0.680 0.794 0.803 0.792 0.794 0.795 0.797 0.797 0.797 0.797
Guatemala 0.247 0.262 0.290 0.318 0.365 0.399 0.409 0.428 0.439 0.451 0.462 0.473 0.484 0.484
Guinea 0.253 0.267 0.278 0.281 0.281 0.286 0.292 0.294 0.294
Guinea-Bissau 0.314 0.325 0.325 0.325 0.325 0.325 0.325 0.325 0.325
Guyana 0.463 0.482 0.512 0.531 0.553 0.587 0.581 0.574 0.575 0.573 0.576 0.582 0.582 0.582
Haiti 0.189 0.253 0.285 0.307 0.331 0.355 0.359 0.363 0.367 0.371 0.374 0.374 0.374 0.374
Honduras 0.310 0.347 0.354 0.383 0.419 0.458 0.466 0.473 0.483 0.492 0.502 0.507 0.505 0.505
Hong Kong 0.530 0.589 0.626 0.639 0.648 0.683 0.690 0.713 0.748 0.758 0.759 0.762 0.767 0.767
Hungary 0.604 0.625 0.597 0.700 0.755 0.793 0.797 0.798 0.799 0.801 0.808 0.805 0.805 0.805
Iceland 0.598 0.639 0.673 0.732 0.786 0.829 0.833 0.836 0.840 0.843 0.847 0.847 0.847 0.847
India 0.240 0.282 0.311 0.339 0.355 0.409 0.420 0.430 0.442 0.445 0.456 0.473 0.473 0.473
Indonesia 0.345 0.392 0.393 0.424 0.521 0.559 0.564 0.565 0.567 0.588 0.594 0.603 0.603 0.603
Iran 0.309 0.333 0.382 0.477 0.526 0.554 0.570 0.587 0.606 0.617 0.625 0.639 0.683 0.683
Iraq 0.341 0.342 0.362 0.381 0.401 0.456 0.458 0.460 0.462 0.465 0.467 0.467 0.467 0.467
Ireland 0.533 0.553 0.595 0.623 0.637 0.716 0.767 0.780 0.784 0.886 0.887 0.887 0.887 0.887
Israel 0.675 0.706 0.714 0.764 0.820 0.848 0.846 0.849 0.844 0.847 0.848 0.851 0.854 0.854
Italy 0.542 0.556 0.592 0.650 0.695 0.762 0.768 0.775 0.779 0.780 0.784 0.790 0.790 0.790
Jamaica 0.483 0.496 0.527 0.564 0.588 0.648 0.652 0.656 0.660 0.664 0.668 0.668 0.668 0.668
Japan 0.663 0.681 0.699 0.740 0.767 0.785 0.790 0.792 0.795 0.800 0.802 0.808 0.808 0.808
Jordan 0.433 0.466 0.495 0.644 0.671 0.707 0.706 0.707 0.714 0.708 0.703 0.700 0.700 0.700
Kazakhstan 0.534 0.581 0.606 0.633 0.683 0.755 0.759 0.758 0.759 0.755 0.754 0.759 0.762 0.762
Kenya 0.348 0.369 0.392 0.414 0.431 0.467 0.472 0.491 0.502 0.512 0.515 0.515 0.515 0.515
Kiribati 0.602 0.602 0.602 0.602
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Republic of Korea 0.565 0.638 0.679 0.743 0.797 0.837 0.843 0.848 0.854 0.856 0.862 0.865 0.865 0.865
Kuwait 0.454 0.514 0.471 0.524 0.637 0.609 0.610 0.612 0.619 0.626 0.633 0.639 0.646 0.646
Kyrgyzstan 0.598 0.578 0.634 0.656 0.659 0.660 0.658 0.653 0.651 0.656 0.656 0.656
Lao People's Democratic Republic 0.246 0.256 0.288 0.310 0.352 0.385 0.390 0.395 0.403 0.414 0.422 0.436 0.436 0.436
Latvia 0.580 0.605 0.601 0.622 0.709 0.796 0.804 0.814 0.824 0.823 0.822 0.813 0.813 0.813
Lebanon 0.633 0.622 0.625 0.625 0.628 0.628 0.633 0.631 0.631
Lesotho 0.352 0.395 0.414 0.429 0.449 0.474 0.477 0.483 0.489 0.495 0.500 0.502 0.504 0.504
Liberia 0.170 0.216 0.264 0.312 0.344 0.349 0.353 0.357 0.360 0.364 0.367 0.367 0.367 0.367
Libya 0.421 0.459 0.516 0.571 0.625 0.660 0.667 0.675 0.683 0.690 0.698 0.698 0.698 0.698
Liechtenstein 0.750 0.762 0.762 0.762
Lithuania 0.662 0.668 0.767 0.850 0.856 0.864 0.872 0.882 0.883 0.877 0.877 0.877
Luxembourg 0.551 0.584 0.598 0.641 0.734 0.743 0.744 0.746 0.748 0.755 0.762 0.762 0.762 0.762
Madagascar 0.398 0.422 0.431 0.433 0.442 0.456 0.457 0.457 0.458 0.458
Malawi 0.192 0.197 0.229 0.399 0.388 0.380 0.388 0.387 0.403 0.419 0.434 0.440 0.440 0.440
Malaysia 0.398 0.458 0.487 0.536 0.602 0.651 0.655 0.659 0.663 0.667 0.671 0.671 0.671 0.671
Maldives 0.484 0.520 0.525 0.531 0.537 0.542 0.548 0.548 0.548 0.548
Mali 0.079 0.073 0.085 0.118 0.177 0.239 0.251 0.263 0.276 0.286 0.294 0.301 0.305 0.305
Malta 0.580 0.584 0.585 0.587 0.616 0.684 0.682 0.679 0.688 0.705 0.722 0.722 0.733 0.733
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 0.165 0.172 0.180 0.242 0.280 0.311 0.322 0.325 0.319 0.336 0.338 0.341 0.352 0.352
Mauritius 0.402 0.430 0.482 0.519 0.574 0.638 0.648 0.656 0.666 0.679 0.686 0.696 0.718 0.718
Mexico 0.417 0.468 0.479 0.511 0.544 0.588 0.601 0.604 0.612 0.621 0.631 0.636 0.638 0.638
Federated States of Micronesia 0.611 0.611 0.611 0.611
Moldova (Republic of) 0.600 0.591 0.618 0.646 0.654 0.654 0.657 0.654 0.653 0.656 0.653 0.653
Monaco
Mongolia 0.477 0.505 0.537 0.472 0.532 0.627 0.636 0.649 0.661 0.674 0.683 0.688 0.694 0.694
Montenegro 0.717 0.730 0.744 0.757 0.768 0.774 0.774 0.774 0.774
Morocco 0.205 0.242 0.254 0.292 0.346 0.408 0.411 0.422 0.431 0.440 0.454 0.468 0.468 0.468
Mozambique 0.158 0.141 0.130 0.138 0.222 0.324 0.334 0.353 0.366 0.374 0.373 0.372 0.372 0.372
Myanmar 0.222 0.247 0.243 0.286 0.310 0.343 0.351 0.360 0.363 0.367 0.371 0.371 0.371 0.371
Namibia 0.451 0.471 0.495 0.528 0.508 0.515 0.514 0.515 0.517 0.519 0.520 0.520 0.520 0.520
Nauru
Nepal 0.155 0.205 0.284 0.306 0.337 0.366 0.384 0.387 0.398 0.418 0.444 0.452 0.452 0.452
Netherlands 0.667 0.686 0.744 0.811 0.824 0.844 0.850 0.860 0.860 0.859 0.866 0.892 0.894 0.894
New Zealand 0.760 0.772 0.794 0.864 0.885 0.908 0.910 0.911 0.913 0.915 0.917 0.917 0.917 0.917
Nicaragua 0.327 0.325 0.343 0.387 0.425 0.463 0.467 0.471 0.476 0.480 0.484 0.484 0.484 0.484
Niger 0.060 0.070 0.084 0.098 0.118 0.149 0.152 0.159 0.165 0.172 0.184 0.192 0.198 0.198
Nigeria 0.415 0.417 0.419 0.421 0.423 0.425 0.425 0.425 0.425
Norway 0.666 0.699 0.750 0.805 0.870 0.910 0.912 0.909 0.903 0.902 0.907 0.910 0.910 0.910
Oman 0.527 0.527 0.539 0.556 0.589 0.596 0.603 0.603 0.603
Pakistan 0.161 0.184 0.198 0.230 0.261 0.331 0.326 0.338 0.352 0.359 0.366 0.336 0.372 0.372
Palau 0.760 0.787 0.787 0.787 0.787 0.787 0.787 0.787 0.787 0.787
State of Palestine 0.613 0.620 0.639 0.643 0.650 0.652 0.656 0.662 0.662
Panama 0.505 0.524 0.536 0.576 0.623 0.653 0.656 0.655 0.658 0.658 0.663 0.657 0.657 0.657
Papua New Guinea 0.155 0.176 0.208 0.241 0.285 0.326 0.335 0.344 0.353 0.361 0.370 0.376 0.376 0.376
Paraguay 0.382 0.412 0.428 0.476 0.524 0.577 0.565 0.564 0.574 0.583 0.587 0.587 0.587 0.587
Peru 0.485 0.523 0.553 0.584 0.642 0.635 0.633 0.629 0.631 0.633 0.656 0.660 0.664 0.664
Philippines 0.488 0.517 0.536 0.557 0.582 0.608 0.603 0.609 0.614 0.608 0.610 0.610 0.610 0.610
Poland 0.591 0.628 0.667 0.720 0.780 0.795 0.797 0.799 0.801 0.808 0.817 0.823 0.825 0.825
Portugal 0.451 0.502 0.535 0.631 0.656 0.661 0.667 0.677 0.690 0.701 0.713 0.720 0.728 0.728
Qatar 0.479 0.513 0.508 0.562 0.612 0.673 0.686 0.699 0.703 0.689 0.680 0.671 0.686 0.686
Romania 0.597 0.618 0.637 0.624 0.654 0.709 0.717 0.732 0.748 0.754 0.747 0.748 0.748 0.748
Russian Federation 0.576 0.619 0.660 0.660 0.723 0.764 0.765 0.769 0.772 0.779 0.780 0.780 0.780 0.780
Rwanda 0.174 0.203 0.217 0.241 0.278 0.324 0.355 0.356 0.354 0.366 0.375 0.387 0.478 0.478
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.638 0.638 0.638 0.638 0.638
Saint Lucia 0.637 0.626 0.631 0.631 0.631
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.657 0.657 0.657 0.657 0.657
Samoa 0.677 0.697 0.702 0.702 0.702 0.702 0.702 0.702 0.702 0.702
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 0.392 0.422 0.430 0.439 0.441 0.458 0.455 0.462 0.469 0.469
Saudi Arabia 0.304 0.363 0.427 0.482 0.565 0.617 0.624 0.630 0.641 0.660 0.688 0.707 0.721 0.723
Senegal 0.180 0.204 0.226 0.245 0.266 0.312 0.324 0.329 0.343 0.357 0.364 0.368 0.368 0.368
Serbia 0.646 0.668 0.686 0.691 0.692 0.693 0.697 0.697 0.695 0.695 0.695 0.695
Seychelles 0.666 0.691 0.689 0.686 0.683 0.633 0.678 0.636 0.636 0.636
Sierra Leone 0.164 0.199 0.183 0.221 0.274 0.286 0.288 0.290 0.292 0.294 0.296 0.305 0.305 0.305
Singapore 0.545 0.580 0.606 0.667 0.684 0.698 0.714 0.715 0.759 0.759 0.759 0.768
Slovakia 0.680 0.708 0.743 0.784 0.789 0.797 0.800 0.802 0.805 0.802 0.802 0.802
Slovenia 0.653 0.697 0.724 0.794 0.842 0.849 0.850 0.854 0.858 0.864 0.862 0.863 0.863
Solomon Islands 0.333 0.383 0.400 0.405 0.405 0.405 0.405 0.405 0.405 0.405
Somalia
South Africa 0.468 0.468 0.533 0.637 0.655 0.659 0.661 0.666 0.669 0.682 0.685 0.687 0.695 0.695
South Sudan
Spain 0.516 0.551 0.596 0.694 0.721 0.742 0.747 0.753 0.763 0.768 0.783 0.792 0.794 0.794
Sri Lanka 0.513 0.547 0.592 0.633 0.679 0.709 0.715 0.721 0.726 0.729 0.738 0.738 0.738 0.738
Sudan 0.133 0.143 0.159 0.175 0.206 0.261 0.272 0.283 0.293 0.304 0.306 0.306 0.306 0.306
Suriname 0.588 0.588 0.588 0.588 0.588 0.588 0.588 0.588 0.588
Swaziland 0.355 0.395 0.426 0.448 0.459 0.494 0.514 0.523 0.531 0.539 0.547 0.551 0.551 0.551
Sweden 0.659 0.665 0.692 0.792 0.866 0.830 0.827 0.824 0.824 0.823 0.833 0.830 0.830 0.830
Switzerland 0.678 0.675 0.695 0.726 0.804 0.822 0.827 0.828 0.830 0.834 0.841 0.844 0.844 0.844
Syrian Arab Republic 0.347 0.399 0.422 0.420 0.451 0.534 0.539 0.538 0.545 0.548 0.553 0.553 0.553
Tajikistan 0.634 0.607 0.601 0.630 0.635 0.631 0.639 0.638 0.639 0.639 0.639 0.639
Tanzania 0.288 0.269 0.273 0.286 0.325 0.369 0.379 0.389 0.399 0.401 0.403 0.426 0.426 0.426
Thailand 0.343 0.377 0.386 0.433 0.516 0.569 0.559 0.582 0.589 0.601 0.608 0.608 0.608 0.608
Republic of Macedonia 0.597 0.603 0.609 0.636 0.639 0.642 0.642 0.642 0.642
Timor-Leste 0.362 0.379 0.399 0.419 0.439 0.459 0.472 0.472 0.472 0.472
Togo 0.316 0.279 0.311 0.355 0.407 0.446 0.460 0.449 0.466 0.483 0.501 0.514 0.514 0.514
Tonga 0.628 0.622 0.648 0.679 0.664 0.710 0.712 0.714 0.716 0.718 0.720 0.720 0.720 0.720
Trinidad and Tobago 0.533 0.545 0.558 0.575 0.607 0.684 0.689 0.695 0.700 0.700 0.700 0.700 0.700 0.700
Tunisia 0.298 0.362 0.403 0.460 0.525 0.580 0.588 0.597 0.605 0.610 0.619 0.621 0.621 0.621
Turkey 0.304 0.363 0.398 0.427 0.493 0.531 0.545 0.557 0.563 0.582 0.625 0.648 0.652 0.652
Turkmenistan 0.679 0.679 0.679 0.679
Tuvalu
Uganda 0.174 0.234 0.251 0.266 0.426 0.449 0.446 0.452 0.466 0.475 0.479 0.479 0.479 0.479
Ukraine 0.581 0.614 0.646 0.679 0.705 0.765 0.772 0.776 0.779 0.783 0.784 0.790 0.796 0.796
United Arab Emirates 0.358 0.416 0.471 0.543 0.604 0.649 0.654 0.659 0.664 0.669 0.673 0.673 0.673 0.673
United Kingdom 0.608 0.622 0.642 0.791 0.836 0.866 0.854 0.852 0.859 0.865 0.878 0.860 0.860 0.860
United States 0.790 0.805 0.834 0.861 0.850 0.867 0.870 0.876 0.880 0.884 0.887 0.890 0.890 0.890
Uruguay 0.545 0.567 0.597 0.609 0.660 0.691 0.693 0.708 0.709 0.709 0.707 0.710 0.712 0.712
Uzbekistan 0.654 0.654 0.654 0.651 0.651 0.651 0.651 0.651 0.651
Vanuatu 0.596 0.596 0.596 0.596 0.596 0.596
Venezuela 0.441 0.461 0.453 0.475 0.513 0.594 0.618 0.650 0.670 0.674 0.682 0.682 0.682 0.682
Vietnam 0.381 0.376 0.349 0.387 0.434 0.470 0.478 0.486 0.494 0.502 0.509 0.513 0.513 0.513
Yemen 0.218 0.229 0.257 0.304 0.307 0.310 0.313 0.321 0.328 0.339 0.339 0.339
Zambia 0.319 0.362 0.375 0.457 0.488 0.538 0.546 0.554 0.561 0.569 0.577 0.584 0.591 0.591
Zimbabwe 0.288 0.450 0.423 0.457 0.471 0.483 0.487 0.490 0.493 0.497 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500