Ellinikós Telikós

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Ellinikós Telikós
Created by ERT
Country of origin Greece
Original language(s) Greek
Production
Producer(s) ERT
Release
Original network ERT (1979-present)
Original release 5 February 1979 – present

Ellinikós Telikós (Greek for "Greek Final") is a song contest which takes place every year in Athens, Greece. This contest decides who will represent Greece at the Eurovision Song Contest. The contest started in 1979, when Elpida took the title. Until 2001, Greece was introduced the televoting and jury to decide for the singer and for the song which will represent Greece in the Contest. Over the years, the contest takes place in various venues, from TV studios to concert halls. The most famous winners include Anna Vissi, Katy Garbi, Sakis Rouvas, Kalomira and Elena Paparizou.

History[edit]

ERT, the Greek public broadcaster was the first member of the European Broadcasting Union in 1950 and due to was a state with Military junta, Greece wasn't able to enter the contest. After the Athens Polytechnic uprising and the fall of junda, Greece was a democratic state and the first attempt to enter the contest was in 1974 with Marinella and her song Krasi, Thalassa Kai T' Agori Mou. Greece did not participate in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975 for "unknown reasons" according to the EBU, but it was discovered that the withdrawal was in protest of Turkey's debut and its invasion of Cyprus in 1974. Greece was disqualified from the Eurovision Song Contest 1982 after it was revealed that Themis Adamantidis was to sing "Sarantapente Kopelies" (Σαρανταπέντε Κοπελιές), a previously released song. After returning in 1983, ERT decided that all of the possible songs were of "low quality" and decided not to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest 1984. Greece returned once again to the Contest in 1985, and Polina was picked in the 1986 national selection to represent Greece at the Eurovision Song Contest 1986 in Bergen, Norway, but ERT pulled out of the Contest unexpectedly. Polina stated that it was due to political troubles in Greece at the time, [6] but she noted that a Eurovision website had learned that the real reason was that the Contest was to be held the night before Orthodox Easter. Greece returned to the Contest in 1987 and performed each year until the Eurovision Song Contest 1999, when it as not permitted to participate because its five-year points average had fallen under the limit for participation after Thalassa's 20th-place finish in 1998. The following year ERT announced that it would not return at the Eurovision Song Contest 2000 due to financial reasons.

Winners[edit]

Year Host ESC city Artist Language Song Final Points Semi Points
1979 Israel Jerusalem Elpida Greek "Sokratis" (Σωκράτης) 8 69 No semi-finals
1980 Netherlands The Hague Anna Vissi & The Epikouri Greek "Autostop" (Ωτοστόπ) 13 30
1983 Germany Munich Kristi Stassinopoulou Greek "Mou les" (Μου λες) 14 32
1986 Norway Bergen Polina Greek "Wagon-lit" (Βαγκόν-λίτ) Withdrawn
1987 Belgium Brussels Bang Greek "Stop" (Στοπ) 10 64
1988 Republic of Ireland Dublin Afroditi Frida Greek "Clown" (Κλόουν) 17 10
1989 Switzerland Lausanne Mariana Efstratiou Greek "To diko sou asteri" (Το δικό σου αστέρι) 9 56
1990 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Zagreb Christos Callow & Wave Greek "Horis Skopo" (Χωρίς σκοπό) 19 11
1991 Italy Rome Sophia Vossou Greek "I anoixi" (Η ανοιξη) 13 36
1998 United Kingdom Birmingham Thalassa Greek "Mia krifi evaisthisia" (Μια κρυφή ευαισθησία) 20 12
2001 Denmark Copenhagen Antique English, Greek "(I Would) Die for You" 3 147
2002 Estonia Tallinn Michalis Rakintzis English "S.A.G.A.P.O." 17 27
2003 Latvia Riga Mando English "Never Let You Go" 17 25
2005 Ukraine Kiev Helena Paparizou English "My Number One" 1 230 Top 12 Previous Year
2006 Greece Athens Anna Vissi English "Everything" 9 128 Host country
2007 Finland Helsinki Sarbel English "Yassou Maria" (Γεια σου Μαρία) 7 139 Top 10 Previous Year
2008 Serbia Belgrade Kalomira English "Secret Combination" 3 218 1 156
2009 Russia Moscow Sakis Rouvas English "This Is Our Night" 7 120 4 110
2010 Norway Greater Oslo (Bærum) Giorgos Alkaios & Friends Greek1 "OPA!" (ΩΠΑ!) 8 140 2 133
2011 Germany Düsseldorf Loukas Giorkas feat. Stereo Mike Greek, English "Watch My Dance" 7 120 1 133
2012 Azerbaijan Baku Eleftheria Eleftheriou English "Aphrodisiac" 17 64 4 116
2017 Ukraine Kiev Demy English "This Is Love" 19 77 10 115

Notes

1.^ Contains one phrase in English.

NOTE: If a country had won the previous year, they did not have to compete in the semi-finals the following year. In addition from 2004-2007, the top ten countries who were not members of the big four did not have to compete in the semi-finals the following year. If, for example, Germany and France placed inside the top ten, the countries who placed 11th and 12th were advanced to the following year's grand final along with the rest of the top ten countries.

Host venues and presenters[edit]

Year Location Venue Presenter(s)
1979 Greece Piraeus Piraeus Municipal Theatre Vasilis Tsivilikas
1980 Greece Agia Paraskevi ERT Studios Vasilis Tsivilikas
1983 Greece Agia Paraskevi ERT Studios Mako Georgiadou
1986 Greece Agia Paraskevi ERT Studios Mako Georgiadou
1987 Greece Piraeus Piraeus Municipal Theatre Dafni Bokota
1988 Greece Piraeus Piraeus Municipal Theatre Kostas Karras
1989 Greece Agia Paraskevi ERT Studios Dafni Bokota
1990 Greece Agia Paraskevi ERT Studios Olina Xenopoulou
1991 Greece Agia Paraskevi ERT Studios Dafni Bokota
1998 Greece Agia Paraskevi ERT Studios Giorgos Marinos (el) & Evi Papadaki
2001 Greece Piraeus REX Music Hall Dafni Bokota
2002 Greece Piraeus REX Music Hall Dafni Bokota
2003 Greece Kerameikos Cine Kerameikos Dafni Bokota, Rika Vagiani & Popi Tsapanidou
2005 Greece Kallithea Fever Music Hall Alexandra Pascalidou
2006 Greece Votanikos Votanikos Music Hall Giorgos Kapoutzidis & Zeta Makrypoulia
2007 Greece Athens Athens Arena Fotis Sergoulopoulos & Maria Bakodimou
2008 Greece Athens Athens Arena Betty Maggira & Mathilde Maggira
2009 Greece Athens Athens Arena Betty Maggira & Mathilde Maggira
2010 Greece Agia Paraskevi ERT Studios Rika Vagianni & Jenny Balatsinou
2011 Greece Kantza Alpha Studios Lena Aroni
2012 Greece Egaleo River West Giorgos Fratzeskakis & Maria Kozakou
2017 Greece Agia Paraskevi ERT Studios Elena Bouzala & Antonis Loudaros

See also[edit]