Eurovision Song Contest 1986

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Eurovision Song Contest 1986
ESC 1986 logo.png
Dates
Final 3 May 1986
Host
Venue Grieghallen
Bergen, Norway
Presenter(s) Åse Kleveland
Conductor Egil Monn-Iversen
Director John Andreassen
Executive supervisor Frank Naef
Host broadcaster Norsk rikskringkasting (NRK)
Opening act "Welcome to Music" performed by Åse Kleveland
Interval act "Bergensiana" performed by Sissel Kyrkjebø and Steinar Ofsdal
Participants
Number of entries 20
Debuting countries  Iceland
Returning countries  Netherlands
 Yugoslavia
Withdrawing countries  Greece
 Italy
Vote
Voting system Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs
Nul points None
Winning song  Belgium
"J'aime la vie"

The Eurovision Song Contest 1986 was the 31st Eurovision Song Contest and was held on 3 May 1986 in Grieghallen in Bergen, Norway. It was the first occasion on which Norway played host to the contest. The presenter was Åse Kleveland, a well-known folk guitarist who was President of the Norwegian Association of Musicians (and a former Eurovision entrant, in 1966).

The 1986 contest was a first for Eurovision in that royalty were among the guests—Crown Prince Harald, Crown Princess Sonja, Princess Märtha Louise and Prince Haakon Magnus were all in attendance.

Sandra Kim was the winner of this Eurovision with the song "J'aime la vie", representing Belgium. Aged 13, Kim was the youngest ever Eurovision winner. Current rules require Eurovision Song Contest participants to be at least 16, so unless the rule is changed, Kim's record will never be broken. In the lyrics of her song, Kim claimed to be 15 years of age, but after the contest, it was revealed that she was actually 13. Switzerland, who finished second, appealed for her to be disqualified, but this was to no avail.

Background[edit]

For more details on the host city, see Bergen.
Locations of the candidate cities. The chosen host city is marked in red.
Grieghallen, Bergen - host venue of the 1986 contest.

By 1985, Norway had received the unwanted distinction of being "the nul points country," receiving 0 points three times and coming in last six times. When they did win the 1985 Contest, it was a source of pride among Norwegian population, and the national broadcaster, NRK, took full advantage of being able to showcase Norway and its achievements in front of over 500 million television viewers. By the autumn of 1985, NRK had decided to hold the next year's contest at the Grieghallen in Bergen, turning down other bids from capital Oslo, and main cities of Stavanger, Sandnes and Trondheim.

Norway first hosts Eurovision[edit]

As this was the first time Norway hosted a Eurovision Song Contest, NRK commissioned a lavish budget for the event, turning Grieghallen into a Viking-esque "ice palace" for the live show, complete with white and pastel neon lights for the stage. In addition, NRK also had a special diamond-encrusted dress made for presenter Åse Kleveland for her opening number. The prized dress, which weighed upwards of 15 pounds (6.8 kg), is still available for viewing at NRK's costuming department at Marienlyst in Oslo.

Kleveland sang the multilingual "Welcome to Music" as the opening act, incorporating English and French primarily, in addition to other European languages. BBC commentator Terry Wogan, at the close of Kleveland's number, dryly remarked, "Katie Boyle (a former Eurovision host for the UK) never sang, did she?"

During her opening speech, Kleveland said of Norway's road in the contest, "For those of you who have followed Norway's course through the history of the Eurovision Song Contest, you will know that it has been quite thorny, in fact. So, imagine our joy when last year we finally won, and the pleasure we feel today, being able to welcome 700 million viewers to the top of Europe, to Norway, and to Bergen."

One of the interval acts presented featured Norwegian musicians Sissel Kyrkjebø and Steinar Ofsdal, accompanied by Norwegian national broadcasting orchestra, Kringkastingsorkesteret (KORK). They opened with the traditional song of the city of Bergen, Udsikter fra Ulriken (also known as "Nystemte'n"), and presented a number of familiar tunes while showing the sights and sounds of Bergen area. Ofsdal played a range of traditional Norwegian folk instruments such as accordion, recorder and hardingfele.[1] The presentation launched Kyrkjebø into a career as an internationally recognized artist.

Debuts and withdrawals[edit]

Iceland competed for the first time, as the national broadcaster RÚV finally cemented their satellite television connections with the rest of Europe.[2]

Greece withdrew, having been drawn eighteenth in order of presentation. The reason behind the withdrawal, was that the Eurovision contest coincided with Holy Saturday. Their entry would have been "Wagon-lit" (βάγκον λι) performed by Polina.[3][4] The Italian broadcaster, RAI, simply decided not to send any delegation to Bergen.

Conductors[edit]

Host conductor in bold

Results[edit]

Draw Country Artist Song Language[5] Place Points
01  Luxembourg Sherisse Laurence "L'amour de ma vie" French 3 117
02  Yugoslavia Doris Dragović "Željo moja" Croatian 11 49
03  France Cocktail Chic "Européennes" French 17 13
04  Norway Ketil Stokkan "Romeo" Norwegian 12 44
05  United Kingdom Ryder "Runner in the Night" English 7 72
06  Iceland ICY "Gleðibankinn" Icelandic 16 19
07  Netherlands Frizzle Sizzle "Alles heeft ritme" Dutch 13 40
08  Turkey Klips ve Onlar "Halley" Turkish 9 53
09  Spain Cadillac "Valentino" Spanish 10 51
10   Switzerland Daniela Simmons "Pas pour moi" French 2 140
11  Israel Moti Giladi & Sarai Tzuriel "Yavo Yom" (יבוא יום) Hebrew 19 7
12  Ireland Luv Bug "You Can Count On Me" English 4 96
13  Belgium Sandra Kim "J'aime la vie" French 1 176
14  Germany Ingrid Peters "Über die Brücke geh'n" German 8 62
15  Cyprus Elpida "Tora zo" (Τώρα ζω) Greek 20 4
16  Austria Timna Brauer "Die Zeit ist einsam" German 18 12
17  Sweden Lasse Holm & Monica Törnell "E' de' det här du kallar kärlek?" Swedish 5 78
18  Denmark Lise Haavik "Du er fuld af løgn" Danish 6 77
19  Finland Kari Kuivalainen "Never the End" Finnish 15 22
20  Portugal Dora "Não sejas mau para mim" Portuguese 14 28

Voting[edit]

The winning song, Belgium's "J'aime la vie," received points from every jury (Belgium received five sets of 12 points; every country awarded Belgium at least five points except for Germany, which gave them just one point). Belgium was the winner in the voting from the results of the second jury out of twenty, in the longest winning stretch during voting since 1974. Switzerland was behind Belgium in nearly every part of the voting, but Belgium had a commanding lead from the very beginning. Traditionally some juries give high points to the host country's entrant, but this did not happen this year; no jury gave Norway's song "Romeo" more than six points out of a possible 12.

Belgium scored an absolute record at the time, with Sandra Kim earning a never seen before amount of 176 points (that record remained until 1993, with Ireland scoring 187 points), an average of 9.26 points per voting nation. Kim received 77.2% of the maximum possible score, which, as of 2016, still ranks 8th among all Eurovision winners.

Score sheet[edit]

Juries
Total Score Luxembourg Yugoslavia France Norway United Kingdom Iceland Netherlands Turkey Spain Switzerland Israel Ireland Belgium Germany Cyprus Austria Sweden Denmark Finland Portugal
Contestants Luxembourg 117 5 8 12 8 1 8 2 4 7 10 12 8 10 10 2 4 6
Yugoslavia 49 2 7 5 7 3 3 1 3 4 12 1 1
France 13 3 7 3
Norway 44 4 4 2 6 6 5 6 6 5
United Kingdom 72 4 10 6 6 2 4 2 5 2 3 8 8 10 2
Iceland 19 5 2 6 4 2
Netherlands 40 1 2 7 1 8 10 1 3 7
Turkey 53 6 12 2 6 8 3 6 8 2
Spain 51 7 4 6 1 2 8 1 5 3 7 3 1 3
Switzerland 140 12 6 7 5 5 3 12 10 4 12 10 12 5 4 12 4 7 10
Israel 7 1 1 5
Ireland 96 3 8 3 2 8 5 12 6 2 12 7 12 8 8
Belgium 176 10 10 12 8 10 10 10 12 10 10 5 12 1 10 6 6 10 12 12
Germany 62 8 1 12 8 7 8 5 7 2 4
Cyprus 4 3 1
Austria 12 2 1 2 6 1
Sweden 78 5 7 2 7 3 12 3 7 12 4 5 6 5
Denmark 77 5 10 6 7 4 5 3 10 4 7 7 4 5
Finland 22 6 1 1 8 3 3
Portugal 28 4 4 4 8 7 1

As the free language rule was still cancelled, all songs were performed in native languages to the country they represented. All songs however, with the exception of the song from Cyprus, have had studio versions recorded by the original Eurovision artists in English as well as their own languages.

12 points[edit]

Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:

N. Contestant Voting nation
5 Belgium Finland, France, Ireland, Portugal, Turkey
Switzerland Belgium, Israel, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Sweden
3 Ireland Austria, Denmark, Spain
2 Luxembourg Germany, Norway
Sweden Iceland, Switzerland
1 Germany United Kingdom
Turkey Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia Cyprus

Returning artists[edit]

Artist Country Previous year(s)
Elpida  Cyprus 1979 (for Greece)

Commentators[edit]

Spokespersons[edit]

National jury members[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "History - Eurovision Song Contest 1986". Eurovision.tv. 
  3. ^ "Polina Biography" (in Greek). Retrieved 2008-08-24. 
  4. ^ ""Wagon-lit" single - 1986". Sony Music. Retrieved 2008-08-24. 
  5. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1986". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
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  7. ^ "Hvem kommenterte før Jostein Pedersen? - Debattforum". Nrk.no. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  8. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 1986 BBC Archives
  9. ^ "Tíminn, 03.05.1986". Timarit.is. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  10. ^ "Welkom op de site van Eurovision Artists". Eurovisionartists.nl. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  11. ^ https://eksisozluk.com/1986-eurovision-sarki-yarismasi--878663
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  14. ^ Adriaens, Manu & Loeckx-Van Cauwenberge, Joken. Blijven kiken!. Lannoo, Belgium. 2003 ISBN 90-209-5274-9
  15. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1986". Ecgermany.de. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  16. ^ a b Savvidis, Christos (OGAE Cyprus)
  17. ^ [1] Archived October 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ a b c "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  19. ^ a b "Forside". esconnet.dk. Archived from the original on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  20. ^ "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  21. ^ "Comentadores Do ESC - escportugalforum.pt.vu | o forum eurovisivo português". 21595.activeboard.com. Archived from the original on April 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  22. ^ "Sumnja od Jugolasvenskog glasanja". Evropesma.org. Archived from the original on April 8, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  23. ^ Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)
  24. ^ a b "Þjóðviljinn, 01.05.1986". Timarit.is. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  25. ^ Baumann, Peter Ramón (OGAE Switzerland)
  26. ^ "פורום אירוויזיון". Sf.tapuz.co.il. 1999-09-13. Archived from the original on October 8, 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  27. ^ "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  28. ^ "Halley'in büyük başarısı, Erhan Güner, Milliyet, 4 May 1986
  29. ^ "000webhost.com - free web hosting provider". Eurofestival.host22.com. Retrieved 2012-08-10.