Folklore of Italy

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Folklore of Italy refers to the folklore and urban legends of Italy.

Folklore[edit]

Folklore Remarks Notes
Similar to Santa Claus Befana Is an old woman who delivers gifts to children throughout Italy on Epiphany Eve (the night of January 5) in a similar way to Saint Nicholas or Santa Claus. [1]
Santa Lucia Is a holy woman who delivers gifts to children of Bergamo and province on 13 December, in a similar way to Saint Nicholas or Santa Claus. [2]
Creatures Badalisc Is a mythical creature of the Val Camonica, in the southern central Alps. [3]
Thyrus, the dragon of Terni One of the most famous dragons of Italian folklore is Thyrus, a wyvern that besieged Terni in the Middle Ages. One day, a young and brave knight of the noble House of Cittadini, tired of witnessing the death of his fellow citizens and depopulation of Terni, faced the dragon and killed him, from that day, the town assumed the creature in its coat of arms, accompanied by a Latin inscription: "Thyrus et amnis dederunt signa Teramnis" (English translation: "Thyrus and the river gave their insignia to [the city of] Terni") , that stands under the banner of the town of Terni, honoring this legend. [4]
Seven headed-dragon It was a dragon with seven heads who lived near Oltre il Colle (in the province of Bergamo), devouring livestock and drinking of water that would provide immortality, was attacked by farmers and hunters, in vain, then he was attacked by an army composed of the best soldiers of the armies of the small states of Italy and fled, defeated, in the water, which became muddy and undrinkable water of Oltre il Colle.

It is not the only monster in the area of Oltre il Colle: there is also a wicked maga (sorceress in Italian) to threaten it.

Ferocious Beast It was an enormous animal similar to a wolf. It ate pets and childten and terrorized Milan during 1790s and the milanese organized a hunt against it, after months they killed the Ferocious Beast and put its body at the University of Pavia. Today it is not there, someone says it is relived, someone it was taken by Austrian or Nazis during Italian occupation, no one know where is it. [5]
Other Egg of Columbus Refers to a brilliant idea or discovery that seems simple or easy after the fact. The expression refers to a popular story of how Christopher Columbus, having been told that discovering the Americas was no great accomplishment, challenged his critics to make an egg stand on its tip.
Giufà He is referred to in some areas of the country, is a character of Italian folklore [6]
Umbrian fairies The umbrian fairies are young handsome women dressed in caste skirts with goat's paws, whose footsteps recalled the noise of animal hooves Rocky mountains. They came out mainly at night, because in order to be able to belong to the enchanted kingdom of the Sibyl, they had to go back to the mountains before the lights of the dawn emerged, the sibillian fairies loved to dance on nights, and they were used to secretly capture the horses of the residents to reach the squares of the countries near their cave to dance with the young shepherds. In fact, these creatures are attributed to the origin of the dance typical of the area: the "saltarello". [7]
Gnefri (the little people of Terni) The gnefro, in Umbria's folk culture, is a type of Goblin or gnome that takes pleasure in teasing and scaring travelers at night. This little creatures live in the countryside of Terni, near the Marmore's Falls. [8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Illes, Judika. Encyclopedia of Spirits: The Ultimate Guide to the Magic of Fairies, Genies, Demons, Ghosts, Gods & Goddesses (2009) p. 269. ISBN 978-0-06-135024-5
  2. ^ Illes, Judika. Encyclopedia of Spirits: The Ultimate Guide to the Magic of Fairies, Genies, Demons, Ghosts, Gods & Goddesses (2009) p. 269. ISBN 978-0-06-135024-5
  3. ^ "Festa del Badalisc ad Andrista (località di Cevo)" (in Italian). Retrieved 2011-01-03. 
  4. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_dragon#Italian_dragons
  5. ^ http://www.placidasignora.com/2013/04/11/la-bestia-feroce-che-mangiava-i-bambini-a-milano-una-storia-del-settecento/
  6. ^ Ashliman, D. L. "Eat, My Clothes!". Clothes Make the Man - folktales of Aarne-Thompson type 1558 selected and edited by D. L. Ashliman. Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  7. ^ http://www.touring-italy.net/tours/tour-details.php?recordid=45
  8. ^ Christian Filagrossi, Il libro delle creature fantastiche, edizioni Armenia (Milano 2002), pag. 181

External links[edit]