Frecciarossa 1000

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Frecciarossa 1000
Etr1000pistoialaunch.jpg
Manufacturer AnsaldoBreda (since 2015 Hitachi Rail Italy)
Bombardier Transportation
Built at Pistoia ( Hitachi Rail Italy ); Vado Ligure ( Bombardier Italy )
Constructed 2013 - 2017
Entered service 2015
Number built 50 ( May 2017 )[1]
Formation 4M4T ; 1 Executive car, 1 Business car, 1 Business car with a Bar-Bistro, 1 Premium car, 4 Standard cars.
Capacity 457 ( Executive 10, Business 69, Premium 76, Standard 300 + 2 wheelchair )[2]
Operator(s) Trenitalia
Line(s) served Torino-Milano-Bologna-Firenze-Roma-Napoli-Salerno-(Potenza-Taranto); Venezia-Padova-Bologna-Firenze-Roma-Napoli-Salerno
Specifications
Car body construction Aluminum alloy
Train length 202 m (662 ft 8 34 in)
Width 2,924 mm (9 ft 7 18 in)
Height 4,080 mm (13 ft 4 58 in)
Floor height 1,240 mm (48.8 in)
Doors 28 (Total)
Wheel diameter 920 mm (36.2 in) (new)
Maximum speed 300 km/h (190 mph) (operational, current)
360 km/h (220 mph) (operational, future)
400 km/h (250 mph) (design)[3]
Weight 500 t (490 long tons; 550 short tons)
Axle load 17 t (17 long tons; 19 short tons)
Traction system Water-cooled IGBT Converters and Asynchronous AC Traction Motors
Power output 9,800 kW (13,100 hp)
Tractive effort 370 kN (83,000 lbf)
Acceleration 0.7 m/s2 (2.5 km/(h·s); 2.3 ft/s2)
Deceleration 1.2 m/s2 (4.3 km/(h·s); 3.9 ft/s2)
Electric system(s) 25 kV 50 Hz, 15 kV 16.7 Hz (installed, but not active), 3 kV DC, 1.5 kV DC Overhead Catenary
Current collection method Pantograph
UIC classification Bo′Bo′+2′2′+Bo′Bo′+2′2′ +2′2′+Bo′Bo′+2′2′+Bo′Bo′
Braking system(s) Regenerative, Dynamic, Electro-Pneumatic
Safety system(s) ERTMS, ETCS
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Notes
Sources:[4][5] NB quoted specifications are for unbuilt model (August 2012)

The Frecciarossa 1000, also known as the ETR 1000 (Trenitalia) is a high-speed train developed by AnsaldoBreda (now Hitachi Rail Italy) and Bombardier Transportation and designed by Bertone. Fifty trainsets were ordered by Trenitalia in 2010.

History and design[edit]

The Zefiro 300 was submitted by Bombardier Transportation and AnsaldoBreda as a response to Ferrovie dello Stato's tender for 50 new high-speed trainsets; the design, a 200 m long eight car non-articulated single decker train with distributed traction, was based on elements of Bombardier Transportation's Zefiro and AnsaldoBreda's V250 train designs. Initial specifications were for a train meeting European high-speed technical standards, with a design commercial speed of 360 km/h (220 mph), initially operated at 300 km/h (190 mph), and to be tested to 400 km/h (250 mph).[6]

The Trenitalia contract was awarded to the Bombardier/Ansaldo joint-venture in August 2010, for delivery into service in 2013, the bid was less expensive at €30.8m per train than the €35m per train cost given by the other bidder, Alstom. The contract value was €1.54bn of which Bombardier's share was €654m.[7][8]

Rail car at InnoTrans 2014

A mock up of the train (named 'Frecciarossa 1000') was unveiled at Rimini in August 2012,[9] the train's design includes an active suspension system. The vehicles are expected to be operable on multiple European systems, with compatibility with the railway systems of Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain and Switzerland claimed by FS.[10]

On 26 March 2013 the first trainset was unveiled during a public ceremony at the Ansaldo-Breda facilities in Pistoia, the train was named Pietro Mennea (1952 - 2013), in memory of the Italian world record holder of the 200 metres track sprint event from 1979 to 1996. The train underwent extensive testing in order to be certified to operate on the Italian high-speed rail network at 360 km/h (220 mph). On February 26, 2016, on the High Speed Line Torino-Milano, Frecciarossa 1000 n. 3 reached a top speed of 393.8 km/h .


In total 50 trains are being built and gradually entered regular service starting from mid 2015, after the first trains entered service during Expo 2015.[11] By May 2017, 50 trainsets have been delivered to Trenitalia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Industrial Plan 2017 - 2026". fsitaliane.it. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  2. ^ "Frecciarossa 1000 roadshow". leonardocompany.com. Leonardo-Finmeccanica. Retrieved 6 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "Frecciarossa 1000". Finmeccanica. Retrieved 2014-09-03. 
  4. ^ "FRECCIAROSSA 1000" (PDF), www.fsnews.it (in Italian) 
  5. ^ http://www.ansaldobreda.it/documents/2504363/44818526/SchedaTecnica_ETR1000.pdf
  6. ^ "AnsaldoBreda and Bombardier combine to offer V300 Zefiro". Railway Gazette International. 9 June 2010. 
  7. ^ "Trenitalia awards contract for 50 high speed trains". Railway Gazette International. 5 August 2010. 
  8. ^ "Trenitalia signs V300ZEFIRO high speed train contract". 30 September 2010. 
  9. ^ Chiandoni, Marco (30 August 2012), "Trenitalia unveils ETR 1000 mock-up", International Railway Journal 
  10. ^ "Trenitalia unveils Frecciarossa 1000", www.railwaygazette.com, 20 August 2012 .
  11. ^ "Nessun ritardo nel piano Etr 1000", Il Tirreno, 4 March 2015 .

External links[edit]