Grand Paris Express

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The planned network of the Grand Paris Express

Grand Paris Express is a group of new rapid transit lines being built in the île-de-France region in France. The project comprises four new lines, plus the extension of existing lines 11 and 14, the new lines were originally indexed by color (Red Line, Orange Line, Green Line, etc.), but this changed in 2013 to continue the numbering convention that the RATP utilizes. The new lines are therefore now known as 15, 16, 17, and 18, they are planned to open in stages through to 2023.[1]

Since August 2013, the New Grand Paris steering committee has met each trimester,[2] the first public inquiry, focused on the southern section from Pont de Sèvres to Noisy - Champs, was held from October to mid-November, 2013.[3]

Works began in 2015, with the first section scheduled to open between Pont de Sèvres Métro station and Noisy – Champs RER A station around 2020. This line was first proposed in the Orbival project, then integrated into the Arc Express.

Line 11 extension[edit]

Line 11
Noisy – Champs Paris MétroParis Métro Line 15Paris Métro Line 16 RERRER A
Neuilly – Hôpitaux
Neuilly – Les Fauvettes
Villemomble proposed

Rosny – Bois-Perrier Paris MétroParis Métro Line 15 RERRER E
Rosny Maintenance Centre
Côteaux Beauclair under
La Dhuys construction
Montreuil-Hôpital Paris MétroParis Métro Line 9
Place Carnot Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1
Serge Gainsbourg
Mairie des Lilas
Porte des Lilas Paris MétroParis Métro Line 3bis Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 3b
Télégraphe
Place des Fêtes Paris MétroParis Métro Line 7bis
Jourdain
Pyrénées
Belleville Paris MétroParis Métro Line 2
Goncourt
République Paris MétroParis Métro Line 3Paris Métro Line 5Paris Métro Line 8Paris Métro Line 9
Arts et Métiers Paris MétroParis Métro Line 3
Rambuteau
Hôtel de Ville Paris MétroParis Métro Line 1
Victoria Depôt
Châtelet Paris MétroParis Métro Line 1Paris Métro Line 4Paris Métro Line 7Paris Métro Line 14
RERRER ARER BRER D

In order to ensure better commuter service to the Northeastern inner suburbs, a six-station, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) extension eastbound from Mairie des Lilas to Rosny-sous-Bois is under consideration. The scheme has been proposed by local authorities, and adopted during the 2007 review of the Ile-de-France Transportation Plan, the line should be extended to Rosny – Bois-Perrier by 2021. In 2015 preliminary work started on the extension, it will provide new connections with the RER E and the extended tramway line 1, which will be linked more easily to the downtown and the commuter hub of Châtelet - Les Halles.

List of new stations and connections (with expected opening dates)
New stations Towns served Connection Expected
opening
date
Liberté Les Lilas - Serge Gainsbourg Les Lilas 2021
Place Carnot Romainville, Noisy-le-Sec Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1 2021
Hôpital Intercommunal Montreuil, Noisy-le-Sec 2021
Boissière Montreuil, Noisy-le-Sec, Rosny-sous-Bois 2021
Londeau-Domus Noisy-le-Sec, Rosny-sous-Bois 2021
Rosny – Bois-Perrier Rosny-sous-Bois RERRER E 2021

Revisions in the Grand Paris Express Plan and possible automation[edit]

On March 6, 2013, a revised plan for the proposed Grand Paris Express subway system was unveiled, the revisions call for a second extension of Line 11 to be built towards Noisy-Champs by 2030, although it is unclear if this goal will be attainable. Should the second extension be built, Line 11 will eventually be fully automated.[4] However, automatic train operation is not currently planned for the Rosny extension, although the RATP and STIF had considered the possibility of adding it later on.

Rolling stock[edit]

As of March 2013, it was expected that additional MP 14 stock will be used for line 11.

Line 14 extension[edit]

Line 14
proposed extension
Shops
Saint-Denis Pleyel
RERRER D future Paris MétroParis Métro Line 15Paris Métro Line 16Paris Métro Line 17
Mairie de Saint-Ouen Paris MétroParis Métro Line 13 future Paris MétroParis Métro Line 4
Saint-Ouen RERRER C
Porte de Clichy Paris MétroParis Métro Line 13 RERRER C Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 3b
Pont Cardinet TransilienTransilien Paris – Saint-Lazare
Saint-Lazare
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 3Paris Métro Line 9Paris Métro Line 12Paris Métro Line 13 RERRER E TransilienTransilien Paris – Saint-LazareTransilien Paris – Saint-Lazare TER
Madeleine Paris MétroParis Métro Line 8Paris Métro Line 12
Pyramides Paris MétroParis Métro Line 7
Châtelet
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 1Paris Métro Line 4Paris Métro Line 7Paris Métro Line 11 RERRER ARER BRER D
Gare de Lyon Paris MétroParis Métro Line 1 RERRER ARER D TransilienTransilien Paris – Lyon
Bercy Paris MétroParis Métro Line 6
Cour Saint-Émilion
Seine
Bibliothèque François Mitterrand RERRER C future Paris MétroParis Métro Line 10
Olympiades
Tolbiac – Nationale Shops proposed
Maison Blanche Paris MétroParis Métro Line 7
Kremlin-Bicêtre Hôpital
Villejuif - Institut-Gustave-Roussy future Paris MétroParis Métro Line 15
Chevilly - Trois Communes
M.I.N. Porte de Thiais Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 7 Bus (RATP)
Pont de Rungis RERRER C
Orly Airport Airport interchange
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 7 TGV future Paris MétroParis Métro Line 18

Line 14 will be extended north from Saint-Lazare, with the primary aim of reducing overcrowding on line 13.[5] The solution adopted connects the branches of line 13 with stations at Porte de Clichy on the Asnières – Gennevilliers branch and Mairie de Saint-Ouen on the Saint-Denis branch. An additional station will connect with the Saint-Ouen RER C station, and another with the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare lines at Pont-Cardinet, and the final one with the RER D at Stade de France – Saint-Denis. An infill station between Saint-Lazare and Pont-Cardinet may also be built, which would provide line 14 with a connecttion to line 2 at Rome. Construction on the extension is scheduled to begin in 2014, with the aim of completion in 2019.[6]

There are also plans to extend line 14 south towards Orly Airport, the extension would travel southeastward from Olympiades to Maison Blanche, with a possible connection to Line 7's Villejuif branch.

When both extensions are complete, it is expected that Line 14 will eventually be merged into the proposed Grand Paris Express system.[7]

Rolling stock[edit]

1/10 scale model of the new m2 metro in Lausanne, of the same type as for line 14

In February 2012 the STIF announced that with the two extensions planned, the brand new MP 14 class of rolling stock will replace the current MP 89CA (and upcoming MP 05) stock on Line 14 in about 2020. This new stock would be in eight-car train formations, something not yet employed on the Métro, and would allow for the MP 89CA and MP 05 stock to be reassigned to other lines.[8]

Line 15[edit]

Line 15
Paris Métro Line 15
Overview
System Paris Métro
Termini Noisy - Champs
Champigny Centre
Connecting lines Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 1 Paris Métro Line 4 Paris Métro Line 5 Paris Métro Line 7 Paris Métro Line 8 Paris Métro Line 9 Paris Métro Line 11 Paris Métro Line 12 Paris Métro Line 13 Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 16 Paris Métro Line 17 Paris Métro Line 18
Stations 36
Operation
Opened 2020-2030
Operator(s) RATP
Conduction system Automated
Technical
Line length 75 km (47 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Route map
Tracé ligne 15 Grand Paris Express.svg
Line 15
Noisy - Champs Paris MétroParis Métro Line 11Paris Métro Line 16 RERRER A
Bry - Villiers - Champigny RERRER E TransilienTransilien Paris – Est
Champigny Centre
RERRER E Nogent - Le Perreux
Marne
RERRER ARER E Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1 Val de Fontenay
Saint-Maur – Créteil RERRER A
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 11 RERRER E Rosny-Bois-Perrier
Marne
RERRER E Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 4 Bondy
Créteil – L'Échat Paris MétroParis Métro Line 8
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1 Pont de Bondy
Le Vert de Maisons RERRER D
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 5 Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1 Bobigny - Pablo Picasso
Seine
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1 Bobigny - Drancy
Les Ardoines RERRER C
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 7 Fort d'Aubervilliers
Vitry Centre Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 9
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 12 Mairie d'Aubervilliers
Villejuif – Louis Aragon Paris MétroParis Métro Line 7 Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 7
RERRER B Stade de France
Villejuif - Institut Gustave-Roussy Paris MétroParis Métro Line 14
Arcueil - Cachan RERRER B
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 14Paris Métro Line 16Paris Métro Line 17 RERRER D Saint-Denis Pleyel
Bagneux Paris MétroParis Métro Line 4
Seine
Châtillon - Montrouge Paris MétroParis Métro Line 13 Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 6
RERRER C Les Grésillons
Fort d'Issy - Vanves - Clamart TransilienTransilien Paris – Montparnasse
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 13 Les Agnettes
Issy RERRER C
TransilienTransilien Paris – Saint-Lazare Bois-Colombes
Seine
TransilienTransilien Paris – Saint-Lazare Bécon-les-Bruyères
Pont de Sèvres Paris MétroParis Métro Line 9 Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 2
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 1 RERRER ARER E TransilienTransilien Paris – Saint-LazareTransilien La Défense Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 2
 La Défense
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 18 RERRER A Nanterre La Folie
Seine
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1 Nanterre La Boule
Saint-Cloud TransilienTransilien Paris – Saint-LazareTransilien La Défense
Rueil - Suresnes - Mont Valérien

Line 15 is conceived as a high-capacity underground rail line, providing a new ring line around Paris in the departments of Hauts-de-Seine, Val-de-Marne and Seine-Saint-Denis. It will enable direct transportation between the suburbs, bypassing Paris[9] and thus avoiding transloading,[10] the configuration of the line is very similar to that of the Arc Express, proposed by the RATP in 2006. It was later included in the red line project of the Grand Paris public transportation network, introduced by French President Nicolas Sarkozy in 2009; in March 2013, the "New Grand Paris" project was announced by the Prime Minister at the time, Jean-Marc Ayrault. At this time, the line acquired its current line 15 naming.[11]

Line 15 is planned to open in phases from 2020 through 2030,[12] it will create a loop connecting Noisy - Champs to Champigny, passing through Champigny-sur-Marne, Créteil, Villejuif, La Défense, Saint-Denis and Rosny-sous-Bois.

Proposed timeline[edit]

In 2013, the government led by Ayrault proposed this timeline for the line 15 project:[13][14]

  • 2014: Public inquiry on the eastern section from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Champigny Centre.
  • Early-2015: Groundbreaking for the southern section between Pont-de-Sèvres and Noisy - Champs.
  • 2020: Groundbreaking of the section from Pont-de-Sèvres to Nanterre and from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Rosny-Bois-Perrier on the northern section.
  • 2022: Southern section from Pont-de-Sèvres to Noisy - Champs opens.
  • Early 2025: Segments from Pont-de-Sèvres to Nanterre and from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Rosny-Bois-Perrier of the northern section put into service.
  • 2025: Groundbreaking of the segment from Nanterre to Saint-Denis Pleyel via La Défense-Grande-Arche of the northern section.
  • Early 2030: Segment from Nanterre to Saint-Denis Pleyel via La Défense-Grande-Arche of the northern section put into service.
  • End of 2030: Northern section from Rosny to Champigny completed.

Rolling stock[edit]

The proposed rolling stock for line 15 is a new automated design, using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and overhead electrification, with a width of 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in).

The specifications of the trains travelling line 15 and their operation are as follows:[15][16]

  • Train width: 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in) minimum
  • Train length: 108 metres (354 ft), made up of 6 cars with full-open interior gangways
  • Train capacity: 960 passengers (at 4 passengers per m²)
  • Bearings: iron
  • Electric traction current: 1500 volt direct current via pantograph and contact wires[17]
  • Operation: Fully automated
  • Maximum speed: 120 kilometres per hour (75 mph)[18]
  • Operating speed: 55 kilometres per hour (34 mph)[18]
  • Theoretical morning rush hour throughput: 34 560 passengers per hour[19]
  • Average interval: 3 to 4 minutes[18]
  • Minimum interval: 2 minutes[18]

Lines 16 and 17[edit]

Line 16
Paris Métro Line 16
Overview
System Paris Métro
Termini Noisy - Champs
Saint-Denis Pleyel
Connecting lines Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 11 Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 15 Paris Métro Line 17
Stations 10
Operation
Opened 2023
Operator(s) RATP
Conduction system Automated
Technical
Line length 25 km (16 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Line 17
Paris Métro Line 17
Overview
System Paris Métro
Termini Le Mesnil-Amelot
Saint-Denis Pleyel
Connecting lines Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 15 Paris Métro Line 16
Stations 9
Operation
Opened 2025-2030
Operator(s) RATP
Conduction system Automated
Technical
Line length 25 km (16 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Lines 16 & 17
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 16
Noisy – Champs Paris MétroParis Métro Line 11Paris Métro Line 15 RERRER A
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 17
Marne
Le Mesnil–Amelot
Chelles – Gournay RERRER E
CDGVAL
Aéroport Charles-de-Gaulle
Terminal 4
Clichy – Montfermeil Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 4
RERRER B CDGVAL
Aéroport Charles-de-Gaulle
Terminal 2
Sevran – Livry RERRER B
RERRER BRER D
Parc des Expositions
Sevran Beaudottes RERRER B
RERRER D
Triangle de Gonesse
Aulnay
Le Bourget Aéroport
Le Blanc–Mesnil
Le Bourget RER RERRER B
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1
La Courneuve – Six Routes
Saint-Denis Pleyel Paris MétroParis Métro Line 14Paris Métro Line 15 RERRER D
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 16Paris Métro Line 17

Line 16 is planned to open in 2023.[1]

Line 17 is planned to open in phases between 2025 and 2030.[1]

Rolling stock[edit]

The proposed rolling stock for lines 16 and 17 is a new automated design with a width of 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in), using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and overhead electrification.

Line 18[edit]

Line 18
Paris Métro Line 18
Overview
System Paris Métro
Termini Nanterre-La Folie
Aéroport d'Orly
Connecting lines Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 15
Stations 13
Operation
Opened 2023-2030
Operator(s) RATP
Conduction system Automated
Technical
Line length 50 km (31 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Route map
Nanterre-La Folie Paris MétroParis Métro Line 15 RERRER E
Rueil proposed
Versailles-Chantiers RERRER C
Satory
Saint-Quentin Université
Saint-Quentin Est
CEA Saint-Aubin
Orsay Gif
Palaiseau
Massy - Palaiseau RERRER BRER C
Massy-Opéra
Antonypôle
Aéroport d'Orly Paris MétroParis Métro Line 14 Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 7 Orlyval

Line 18 is planned to open in phases between 2023 and 2030.[1]

Rolling stock[edit]

The proposed rolling stock for line 18 is a new automated design with a width of 2.45 metres (8 ft 0 in), using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and third rail electrification.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Création des nouvelles lignes reliant le Nouveau Grand Paris". STIF (in French). Archived from the original on 2014-11-19. 
  2. ^ Ministère de l'écologie, du développement durable et de l'énergie (2013-08-28). "Installation du comité de pilotage du Nouveau Grand Paris". www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  3. ^ "Métro ligne 15 - STIF". www.stif.org. Archived from the original on 2015-06-08. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  4. ^ http://www.lesechos.fr/06/03/2013/lesechos.fr/0202626990936_-nouveau-grand-paris----l-etat-engage-27-milliards-pour-le-metro-parisien.htm Nouveau Grand Paris» : l'Etat engage 27 milliards pour le métro parisien - 3/6/13 (In French)
  5. ^ "Prolongement de la ligne 14 de Saint-Lazare à Mairie de Saint-Ouen" (in French). RATP. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  6. ^ http://www.leparisien.fr/transports/projets/grand-paris-le-prolongement-de-la-ligne-14-du-metro-retarde-a-mi-2019-23-10-2014-4236029.php (in French)
  7. ^ (in French) http://www.symbioz.net/index.php?id=99 Grand Paris Express
  8. ^ http://www.stif.info/IMG/pdf/STIF_-_Modernisation_du_metro.pdf Modernisation du métro (in French). STIF. Retrieved on 11 February 2012
  9. ^ "Acte motivé". www.societedugrandparis.fr. 2011-05-26. pp. 34, 35, 45. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  10. ^ "ratp.fr - The Greater Paris Express project". www.ratp.fr. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  11. ^ "Le Nouveau Grand Paris : pour une région compétitive et solidaire". archives.gouvernement.fr. 2013-03-06. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  12. ^ Grand Paris Express
  13. ^ Service de presse de Matignon (2013-03-06). "Le Nouveau Grand Paris" (PDF). http://archives.gouvernement.fr/. Retrieved 2015-06-21.  External link in |website= (help)
  14. ^ Boughriet, Rachida (2013-08-28). "Nouveau Grand Paris : le comité de pilotage installé". Actu Environnement. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  15. ^ Préfecture d'Île-de-France. "Dossier d'enquête préalable à la déclaration d’utilité publique - Tronçon Pont-de-Sèvres < > Noisy–Champs (Ligne rouge - 15 Sud) - Pièce C - Présentation du programme" (PDF). www.enquetepubliquelignerouge15sud.fr. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  16. ^ Gabriel, Oihana (2013-03-06). "Transports: Le Grand Paris rebaptisé et précisé". 20 minutes. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  17. ^ Ragu, Didier (2013-09-11). "Egis et Setec décrochent un gros lot du Grand Paris". L'Usine Nouvelle. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  18. ^ a b c d "Une offre adaptée aux territoires". Société du Grand Paris. 2014-04-01. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  19. ^ Société du Grand Paris (2010-10-18). "Étude Prévisions de trafic (RATP)" (PDF). cpdp.debatpublic.fr. Retrieved 2015-06-21. 

External links[edit]