Henri Labrouste

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Henri Labrouste
Labroustehenri.jpg
Born (1801-05-11)11 May 1801
Paris
Died 24 June 1875(1875-06-24) (aged 74)
Fontainebleau
Nationality French
Occupation Architect
Awards Prix de Rome
1824
Projects Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève

Pierre-François-Henri Labrouste (French: [pjɛʁ fʁɑ̃swa ɑ̃ʁi labrust]) (11 May 1801 – 24 June 1875) was a French architect from the famous École des Beaux-Arts school of architecture. After a six-year stay in Rome, Labrouste established an architectural training workshop, which soon became known for rationalism. He became noted for his use of iron-frame construction and was one of the first to realize the importance of its use.

Biography[edit]

Born in Paris, Labrouste entered the Collège Sainte-Barbe as a student during 1809. He was then admitted into the second class and the Lebas-Vaudoyer workshop in the École Royale des Beaux Arts during 1819. During 1820, he was promoted to the first class. Competing for the Grand Prix, Labrouste was awarded second place (the Palais de Justice scored first) by Guillaume-Abel Blouet during 1821.

Exterior of the Sainte-Geneviève library in Paris.

During 1823, he won the departmental prize and worked as a lieutenant-inspector (sous-inspecteur) for the director Étienne-Hippolyte Godde during the construction of the Saint-Pierre-du-Gros-Caillou parish in Paris. During 1824 Labrouste won the competition with a design of a Court of Appeals (Cour de cassation). During November, he left Paris for Italy, visiting Turin, Milan , Lodi, Piacenza, Parma, Modena, Bologna, Florence and Arezzo.

Stay in Rome[edit]

reading room of the Sainte-Geneviève library in Paris.

Receiving a pension or stipend from the French government for five years, he and the other Académie française laureates stayed in the Medici Villa in Rome. The directors of the Académie stated in correspondence in French about the laureates that, in their studies of antiquity, they "must research the laws of proportion and reduce them to formulas to be used by masters and students in Paris."[1]

His work was the subject of "Henri Labrouste: Structure Brought to Light," the first solo exhibition in the U.S. of his work, at The Museum of Modern Art in New York City.[2][3]

His buildings include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Correspondance des directeurs de l’Académie de France à Rome, tome 1, p. 28
  2. ^ Corinne Bélier, Barry Bergdoll and Marc Le Coeur, Henri Labrouste: Structure Brought to Light, New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 2013
  3. ^ "Henri Labrouste: Structure Brought to Light". moma.org. March 10, 2013. Retrieved March 23, 2013.