Kollam Municipal Corporation

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Kollam Municipal Corporation
കൊല്ലം മുനിസിപ്പല്‍ കോര്‍പ്പറേഷന്‍
KMC
Kollam Municipal Corporation Office, Aug 2016.jpg
Logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Vijaya Francis, CPI
Elections
Last election
2015
Last election
2010
Meeting place
Corporation Office, Cantonment, Kollam
Website
www.kollamcorporation.gov.in

Kollam Municipal Corporation (KMC) is the civic body that governs the City of Kollam in the Indian state of Kerala.[1][2][3] It is the fourth largest city corporation in the state by population and fifth largest by area. Constituted in 1903 and officially recognized as city corporation in 2000,[4] the body governs an area of 73.03 square kilometres (28.20 sq mi) centered on Kollam with about 55 wards and a population of 397,419.[5]

Kollam is the 2nd most revenue generating city in Kerala, as of 2015-16 reports, Kollam has a revenue of Rs.889.74 crore, expenditure of Rs.830 crore and a surplus of Rs.59.73 crore.[6][7]

History[edit]

Kollam, known historically as Quilon, was an ancient trade hub and one of the largest port cities in Asia.[8][9] The population density of the coastal belt of Kollam is very high compared to any other city in the state, after the constitution of Kochi as a corporation in 1967, there were intense demands to upgrade the densely populated Kollam City into a city corporation. As a result, on 1 October 2000, Kollam Municipality was upgraded by the Kerala Government to a Municipal Corporation.

The city population of Kollam increased substantially from 139,852 in 1991 to 346,013 in 2011; in 1991, the Vadakkevila, Sakthikulangara, Eravipuram and Kilikollur panchayats were merged with Kollam City. As a result, the area run by the municipal corporation increased from 18.48 square kilometres (7.14 sq mi) to 58.18 square kilometres (22.46 sq mi).[10] Later in May 2015, Thrikkadavoor panchayath is merged with Kollam city and total population of the city became 397,419 with total area of 73.03 square kilometres (28.20 sq mi).[11][12]

Structure[edit]

Kollam Municipal Corporation (KMC)
Mayor V.Rajendrababu[13]
Police Commissioner Ajeetha Begum IPS
Deputy Mayor Vijaya Francis
Secretary V. R. Raju

The City Corporation of Kollam has a 55-member council headed by a Mayor assisted by a Deputy Mayor,[14] on an average, every ward consists of a population of around 7,000. Each ward is represented in the municipal council by an elected councilor, the Kerala Municipalities (KM) Act, 1994, governs all functions in KMC.[10] Also there are 8 standing committees in the corporation for the ease of smooth governance of the city,[15] each and every standing committee is headed by an elected councilor and he will become the chairman of the particular standing committee.[16][17] The standing committees are:

  • Finance standing committee
  • Development standing committee
  • Welfare standing committee
  • Health & Education standing committee
  • Public works standing committee
  • Town planning standing committee
  • Tax appeal standing committee
  • Education & Sports standing committee

Zones[edit]

Map of Kollam City

For the ease of administration, Kollam Municipal Corporation is divided into 6 zones.[18] There are zonal offices in each zones of the corporation.

  • Central Zone – 1, Kollam City Corporation
  • Central Zone – 2 (Headquartered at Cantonment), Kollam City Corporation
  • Sakthikulangara Zone, Kollam City Corporation
  • Vadakkevila Zone, Kollam City Corporation
  • Kilikollur Zone, Kollam City Corporation
  • Eravipuram Zone, Kollam City Corporation
No. Zone: Wards No. Zone: Wards
1. Central Zone–1 Thevally
Vadakkumbhagam
Asramam
Uliyakovil
Punnathanam
Kadappakada
Pattathanam
Thamarakulam
4. Eravipuram Kayyalakkal
Koottikkada
Valathungal
Akkolil
Thekkumbhagam
Eravipuram
Kolloorvila
Bharanikavu
Thekkevila
2. Central Zone–2 Mundakkal
Udayamarthanadapuram
Cantonment
Pallithottam
Port Kollam
Kaikulangara
Cutchery
Tangasseri
5. Sakthikulangara Maruthadi
Sakthikulangara
Meenathucherry
Kavanad
Vallikkeezhu
Kureepuzha
Mulamkadakam
Punnathala
Thirumullavaram
Ramankulangara
Vattakkayal
Kannimel
3. Kilikollur Punnamoodu
Koikkal
Pallakkadavu
Mangad
Arunoottimangalam
Chathinamkulam
Karikkodu
College Division
Palkulangara
Kilikollur
6. Vadakkevila Punthalathazham
Mulluvila
Palathara
Manakkadu
Pallimukku
Ayathil
Ammannada
Vadakkevila

In 2014, Mrs. Prasanna Earnest, the then Kollam Mayor, had been selected as the Best Lady Mayor of South India by the Rotary Club of Trivandrum Royal[19]

Functions[edit]

As per the Kerala Municipal Act of 1994, the Government of Kerala transferred powers and functions to Local Self-Governments in the year 1995, along with institutions, offices, and functionaries, as per the act, 18 functions are maintained by the Municipal Corporation[10][20]

  • Regulation of land use and construction of buildings
  • Roads and bridges
  • Sanitation and SWM
  • Slum improvement/upgradation
  • Urban poverty alleviation
  • Provision of urban amenities such as parks and playgrounds
  • Promotion of cultural, educational, and aesthetic aspects
  • Burial grounds and crematoria
  • Cattle pounds
  • Public health - Sewerage, water supply
  • Registration of births and deaths
  • Public conveniences including street lighting, parking lots, etc.
  • Regulation of slaughter houses
  • Spatial planning (urban and socio-economic planning)
  • Urban Forestry
  • Fire fighting
  • Education
  • Safeguarding the interests of weaker sections

Mayors of Kollam[edit]

Kollam Corporation projects under construction[edit]

Chinnakada Underpass[edit]

Marine Aquarium under construction at Kollam Beach

The Chinnakada underpass is a public road infrastructure project for the city of Kollam as part of the Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project supported by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to ease traffic congestion at Chinnakada, the city CBD of Kollam.[26] The presence of an existing Railway over bridge and three close intersections with heavy traffic limits the option for traffic management measures including junction improvement, that caused the authorities to think about this underpass at Chinnakada. Chinnakada is a complex junction where roads from Thiruvananthapuram, Alappuzha, Downtown, Sengottai, Ashramam, Kollam Beach and the City bus stand road meets.

Preliminary design prepared by NATPAC(National Transportation Planning and Research Centre) for the underpass involved the acquisition of 0.08 hectares (0.20 acres) of government land on a temporary basis.[27] The height of the road passage above the underpass was increased to 5.5 metres (18 ft) from 5 metres (16 ft) to facilitate movement of modern container trucks through the underpass. Underpass has been thrown open to the public by the end of May 2015.[28][29]

Marine Aquarium at Kollam Beach[edit]

On 22 June 2014, construction work started on a marine aquarium at Kollam Beach, which is first of its kind in the state of Kerala. The Harbour Engineering Department is constructing the aquarium on the eastern side of the beach on behalf of Kollam Corporation, the foundation stone for the project was laid in March 2014 and it is expected to be complete by December 2014. The single storey aquarium comprises 40 large tanks to hold a diverse collection of marine life and provides an added attraction for visitors to Kollam beach.[30]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipal Corporations in Kerala - Kollam
  2. ^ Kollam Municipal Corporation Details
  3. ^ Corporation zonal office, Kollam
  4. ^ "Office of the Chief Town Planner". Townplanning.kerala.gov.in. Retrieved 2014-06-06. 
  5. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. 
  6. ^ "Revenue augmentation gets thrust in Kollam civic budget". The Hindu. Retrieved 2016-08-15. 
  7. ^ "Financial Statements - Kollam Municipal Corporation". KMC Official Website. Retrieved 2016-08-15. 
  8. ^ Ignatius Pereira (2014-02-21). "Emergence of antiques triggers treasure hunt in Kollam". The Hindu. Retrieved 2014-06-06. 
  9. ^ Ignatius Pereira (2014-02-26). "Shards of the past point to Kollam port’s glory days". The Hindu. Retrieved 2014-06-06. 
  10. ^ a b c Rapid Baseline Assessment in Kollam City - Ministry of Urban Development Archived 2014-07-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ "Thrikadavur becomes part of Kollam city". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "Thrikadavur Panchayath". Thrikadavur Panchayath. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  13. ^ a b "CPI(M) rides to power in five of six corporations in Kerala". The Economic Times. Retrieved 18 November 2015. 
  14. ^ Kollam Corporation Council
  15. ^ Committees in Kerala Corporations - Kollam
  16. ^ Kollam Corporation Standing Committees
  17. ^ Standing panel chiefs elected
  18. ^ "Building Permit Management System -Kollam Corporation". Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  19. ^ "Award for Kollam Mayor". The Hindu. 2014-04-03. Retrieved 2014-06-06. 
  20. ^ Thrust on poverty alleviation in Kollam
  21. ^ a b "Hat-trick win for LDF in Kollam Corporation". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2014-06-06. 
  22. ^ "Jamshedpur Utilities & Services Company Limited". Juscoltd.com. Retrieved 2014-06-06. 
  23. ^ "Prasanna Earnest to be Kollam Mayor". The Hindu. 2010-11-05. Retrieved 2014-06-06. 
  24. ^ "Honey Benjamin New Mayor of Kollam". The New Indian Express. 2010-11-05. Retrieved 2014-11-26. 
  25. ^ "Honey Benjamin New Mayor of Kollam". Deccan Chronicle. 2010-11-05. Retrieved 2014-11-26. 
  26. ^ Chinnakada underpass: dispute settled
  27. ^ ADB Resettlement Planning Document - Chinnakada underpass
  28. ^ Chinnakada underpass work to be over by September
  29. ^ "Traffic remains messy at Chinnakada - The Hindu". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  30. ^ A home for marine life in Kollam

External links[edit]