L'Escarène

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L'Escarène
L'Escarène and its surroundings
L'Escarène and its surroundings
Coat of arms of L'Escarène
Coat of arms
L'Escarène is located in France
L'Escarène
L'Escarène
Coordinates: 43°50′07″N 7°21′26″E / 43.8353°N 7.3572°E / 43.8353; 7.3572Coordinates: 43°50′07″N 7°21′26″E / 43.8353°N 7.3572°E / 43.8353; 7.3572
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-Maritimes
Arrondissement Nice
Canton L'Escarène
Intercommunality Pays des Paillons
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014
2014–2020)
Pierre Donadey
Area1 10.67 km2 (4.12 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 2,342
 • Density 220/km2 (570/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 06057 /06440
Elevation 220–1,054 m (722–3,458 ft)
(avg. 345 m or 1,132 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

L'Escarène (Occitan: L'Escarèa) is an ancient commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France. It was part of the historic County of Nice until 1860, named Scarena. It was a main stop along the Route de Sel during the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, between French Provence and Italian Piedmont, on the Nice-Turin road. It was built in the bottom of the valley of Spangle of Escarène at the confluence of the streams of Redebraus and Paillon.

More than half of its territory is made up of pine and oak, with marked trails for easy walks and hikes.

Transport[edit]

  • Train: the town is served by the line from Nice to Breil-sur-Roya.
  • Road The Departmental road 2204 passes through the town.

Borders[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name of the town comes from the ancient Occitan and Franco-Provençal 'scarenna', a common name in the Alps and the wider Southeast (l'Escarène, Echarenne, Echerenne, Eycherennes, Eysserennes, Echirène, Echarasson, Chérennes, etc.). The word derives from the Latin 'scala', "scale", with classic passage of the intervocalic in 'r'. In place names, it refers to the edge, the steepest part of the mountain which can be reached by degrees as of a ladder.[1]

In Occitan Nice, the name of the town is L'Escarène according to classical norm and standard Mistralian. The inhabitants are called Escarénois. Scarena was the official Italian name of the municipality in 1814 and 1860.

History[edit]

The village is cited in history since the eleventh century. In 1037 there was a St. Peter's Church in L'Escarène. The stronghold of 'Lescarena' 'or' 'Scarena' 'belonged to the Saint-Pons Abbey, Nice.

A castle was built there in the first half of the thirteenth century, but was destroyed in 1252. The first houses were built in the late thirteenth century.[2] The oldest known house is' 'the Maioun de Pie' at Safranier. It has no doors or windows; entry is gained thru the roof via ladder.

In 1520 the village was detached from the municipality of Peille. The lordship of the town belonged to a Nice consul family, Tonduti, who bore the title of Count of L'Escarène. Until 1570, the village developed on the slopes of Mount Pifourchier.

The development of the Salt Road between Nice and Piedmont by L'Escarène, Lucéram, Lantosque and Vésubie Valley connected the town to the outside world. The construction of the Royal Road (Nice-Turin) by the Col di Tenda will increase the importance of the city as a stopping point.[3]

An earthquake damaged the region on 23 February 1887. On 30 October 1928, the railway line from Nice to Breil-sur-Roya was inaugurated.

List of mayors[edit]

  • 1861–1865 Octave Deleuse
  • 1865–1870 Louis Arnulf
  • 1870–1871 Henri Rostagni
  • 1871–1874 Jean-Baptiste Cauvin
  • 1874–1876 Augustin Faraut
  • 1876–1884 Louis Arnulf
  • 1884–1885 Pierre Pasquier
  • 1885–1886 Romulus Arnulf
  • 1886–1890 Louis Arnulf
  • 1890–1894 François Alardi
  • 1894–1896 Henri Fulconis
  • 1896–1906 Thérésius Bianchi
  • 1906–1908 Henri Fulconis
  • 1908–1912 Jules Sioly
  • 1912–1919 André Bianchi
  • 1919–1940 Paul Roux
  • 1944–1947 Xavier Faraut
  • 1947–1957 Louis Blancart
  • 1957–1962 Paul Roux
  • 1962–1976 Godéart Pachiaudi
  • 1976–1980 José Martel
  • 1980–2001 Gilbert Cardon
  • 2001–
  • 2008–current Pierre Donadey

Cultural events[edit]

In 1991 the Ancient Music Festival l'Escarène and Paillon was initiated. This event has gained national renown..

Since 2000, the "Appointment of the Organ Alive" is organized every summer to showcase the organ-making history of the Grinda brothers. Several organ recitals are programmed in the months of August and September with prestigious organists.

Places and monuments[edit]

  • The church Saint-Pierre-ès-Liens and its listed historical organ, built by the Grinda brothers in 1791
  • The White Penitents chapel
  • The Chapel of the Black Penitents
  • The oil mill and its museum
  • The Old Bridge
  • The area of Serre
  • The war memorial
  • The mausoleum
  • The lavoirs
  • The chapel Saint-Roch
  • The chapel Saint -Pancrace
  • The nature trail ScarénaBerra
  • The Aiga park

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 998 —    
1800 1,177 +17.9%
1806 1,365 +16.0%
1822 1,685 +23.4%
1838 1,856 +10.1%
1848 2,048 +10.3%
1858 580 −71.7%
1861 1,819 +213.6%
1866 1,762 −3.1%
1872 1,627 −7.7%
1876 1,585 −2.6%
1881 1,496 −5.6%
1886 1,482 −0.9%
1891 1,457 −1.7%
1896 1,370 −6.0%
1901 1,281 −6.5%
1906 1,128 −11.9%
1911 1,108 −1.8%
1921 1,220 +10.1%
1926 1,467 +20.2%
1931 1,062 −27.6%
1936 1,071 +0.8%
1946 902 −15.8%
1954 953 +5.7%
1962 1,223 +28.3%
1968 1,619 +32.4%
1975 1,553 −4.1%
1982 1,424 −8.3%
1990 1,751 +23.0%
1999 2,128 +21.5%
2008 2,342 +10.1%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Adolphe Gros, etymological dictionary of place names in the Savoie (1935, new ed. 2004) - Paul-Louis Rousset, The Alps and their place names: 6000 years of history (1988)
  2. ^ CG06: The l'Escarène
  3. ^ html Nice Appointment: The l'Escarène