List of Italian concentration camps

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Italian concentration camps include camps from the Italian colonial wars in Africa as well as camps for the civilian population from areas occupied by Italy during World War II. Memory of both camps were subjected to "historical amnesia", the repression of memory led to historical revisionism in Italy[1] and in 2003 the Italian media published Silvio Berlusconi's statement that Benito Mussolini only "used to send people on vacation".[2][3]

Colonial wars[edit]

Name of the camp Location of camp Present-day country Date of establishment Date of disestablishment Estimated number of prisoners Estimated number of deaths
Nocra Nocra Eritrea 1930s 1941    
Abyar Abyar Libya 1930 1933 3,123[4]  
Agedabia Ajdabiya Libya 1930 1933 10,000[4]  
El Agheila El Agheila Libya 1930 1933 10,900[4]  
Marsa Brega Brega Libya 1930 1933 21,117[4]  
Sid Ahmed el Maghrun El Magrun Libya 1930 1933 13,050[4]  
Soluch Suluq Libya 1930 1933 20,123[4]  
Danane Mogadishu Somalia 1935 1941 6,000[4] 3,175[5]

World War II[edit]

Name of the camp Location of locality Present-day country Date of establishment Date of disestablishment Estimated number of prisoners Estimated number of deaths
Bakar Croatia 31 December 1942 1 July 1943 893[6]  
Baranello Campobasso        
Bolzano South Tyrol September 8, 1943 April 29 and May 3, 1945 11,000  
Campagna Salerno 15 June 1940 19 September 1943    
Casolli Chieti        
Chiesanuova Padua June 1942      
Cremona        
Ferramonti di Tarsia Cosenza summer 1940 4 September 1943 3,800  
Finale Emilia Modena        
Giado Jadu, Libya Libya January 1942 24 January 1943 3,146[7] 562
Gonars Palmanova March 1942 8 September 1943 7,000 453; >500
Lipari        
Malo Venice        
Molat (Melada) Croatia        
Monigo Treviso June 1942      
Montechiarugolo Parma        
Ponza        
Potenza        
Rab, separate camps for Slovenes/Croats and Jews Rab (Arbe) island Croatia July 1942 11 September 1943 10,000; 15,000 2,000; >3,500; 4,000
Renicci di Anghiari Arezzo October 1942      
Risiera di San Sabba[8] Trieste October 1943 April 1945 > 11,500 4,000–5,000[9]
Sepino Campobasso        
Treviso        
Urbisaglia        
Vestone        
Vinchiaturo Campobasso        
Visco Palmanova winter 1942      
Zlarin Zlarin Croatia March 1943 June 1943 2.500 26
Campo di Fossoli Carpi May 1942 March 1944    

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alessandra Kersevan 2008: (Editor) Foibe – Revisionismo di stato e amnesie della repubblica. Kappa Vu. Udine.
  2. ^ Survivors of war camp lament Italy's amnesia, 2003, International Herald Tribune
  3. ^ Di Sante, Costantino (2005) Italiani senza onore: I crimini in Jugoslavia e i processi negati (1941–1951), Ombre Corte, Milano. (Archived by WebCite®)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Michael R. Ebner. Geoff Simons. Ordinary Violence in Mussolini's Italy. New York, New York, USA: Cambridge University Press, 2011. P. 261.
  5. ^ Donatella Strangio. The Reasons for Underdevelopment: The Case of Decolonisation in Somaliland. Springer, 2012. P. 5.
  6. ^ Bakar concentration camp, Online Research project
  7. ^ Maurice M. Roumani: The Jews of Libya. Sussex Academic Press 2007, ISBN 978-1-84519-137-5, p 34.
  8. ^ "English - Risiera di San Sabba – Monumento Nazionale – Comune di Trieste". risierasansabba.it. 
  9. ^ "Trieste ebraica  » La Risiera di San Sabba". moked.it. 

External links[edit]