List of ancient Corsican and Sardinian tribes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from List of Nuragic tribes)
Jump to: navigation, search
Ancient tribes of Corsica
Ancient tribes of Sardinia according to the Greek geographer Ptolemy and Ugas (2005).

This is a list of ancient Corsican and Sardinian tribes, listed in order of the province (Roman province) or the general area in which they lived. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

Overview[edit]

Before the Roman conquest in the 3rd century BC, the islands of Corsica and Sardinia were inhabited by three main peoples or ethnic groups, the Corsi, the Balares, and the Ilienses, each of them divided into several tribes. With the Roman conquest, the province of Corsica and Sardinia was created, becoming the second province of the Roman Republic to be created after that of Sicily.

The ethnic and linguistic affiliation (Paleo-Sardinian language) of the Nuragic people and tribes remains to be further studied, moreover "Nuragic" may be seen as a geographical and historical generic name for different peoples and languages of different origins, rather than indicating a single origin. Current knowledge indicates that they may have been related to the Iberians and the ancient Basque, these peoples were Pre-Indo-Europeans and spoke Pre-Indo-European languages: Proto-Basque (the ancestor of modern Basque) and Iberian[1]. There is also the possibility that the Nuragic peoples may have been related to the Etruscans and other Tyrsenian peoples and languages.[2]. One of the Sea Peoples (the Shardana or Sherden) may have been either a population hailing from Sardinia (Ugas 2005, 2016) or a group of tribes that migrated to the island in the Late Bronze Age (Sandars 1978).

If the Corsi, dwelling in Corsica and in the northernmost tip of Sardinia (Gallura), were a Ligurian people[3] and a group of tribes (they probably were an Indo-European people related to the Celts), then they would have been of a different ethnic and linguistic affiliation from the majority of the tribes of Sardinia (althought Emidio De Felice found similarities between Paleo-Sardinian and Ancient Ligurian[4]).

Ancient Sardinians and ancient Corsican peoples and tribes are the ancestors of most present-day native Sardinians[5] and Corsicans, and their language or languages, like Paleo-Sardinian and Paleo-Corsican, are the substrate of the modern Sardinian and Corsican languages (both pertaining to the Neo-Latin branch).

Corsica et Sardinia[edit]

Corsica and Far North-East Sardinia[edit]

Sardinia[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Eduardo Blasco Ferrer, Paleosardo. Le radici linguistiche della Sardegna neolitica, Berlin/New York (2010)
  2. ^ La lingua dei Sardi Nuragici e degli Etruschi - Massimo Pittau
  3. ^ Ugas 2005, p. 13-19.
  4. ^ Mary Carmen Iribarren Argaiz, Los vocablos en-rr-de la lengua sarda: Conexiones con la península ibérica
  5. ^ Massimo Pittau, La lingua sardiana o dei protosardi, Cagliari, 2001

References[edit]

  • Gabriel Camps, 1988, Préhistoire d’une île, Éditions Errance, Paris.
  • Laurent-Jacques Costa, 2004, Corse préhistorique, Éditions Errance, Paris.
  • Giovanni Ugas, L'alba dei nuraghi, Cagliari, Fabula Editore, 2005, ISBN 978-88-89661-00-0.
  • Raimondo Zucca, La Corsica romana, Oristano, S'Alvure, 1996, ISBN 9788873831266.
  • Massimo Pittau. (1981). La lingua dei Sardi Nuragici e degli Etruschi. Sassari: ?
  • Massimo Pittau. (1995). Origine e parentela dei sardi e degli etruschi. Sassari: Saggio storico-linguistico.
  • Massimo Pittau. (2001). La lingua sardiana o dei protosardi. Cagliari: ?

External links[edit]