List of castles and fortresses in Azerbaijan

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This is a list of castles and fortresses in the Republic of Azerbaijan. Castles located in historical Azerbaijan territories. Castles in Azerbaijan were built in the Ancient and Medieval Times, thus the names of some castles have "qala", "divar" or "qüllə" suffixes.

Karabakh Region[edit]

Name City Year Founder and Era Picture
1 Garakopaktapa Fuzuli Rayon 3rd millennium Eneolithic Age
2 Askeran fortress Khankendi 1751 Panah Ali Khan/Karabakh Khanate Askeran fortress2.jpg
3 Kachag Castle Khankendi 9th century Arab Caliphate Вид на крепость Качахакаберд4.JPG
4 Shahbulag Castle Agdam 1752 Karabakh Khanate Shahbulag.jpg
5 Shusha fortress Shusha 1751 Panah Ali Khan/Karabakh Khanate Մուտք «Ելիզավետապոլյան դարպասներ», ArmAg.jpg
6 Koroglu fortress Gedebey 16th century Safavid Empire
7 Maiden Tower Gedebey 9th century Arab Caliphate
8 Andorab Castle Tartar 8th century Caucasian Albania
9 Izz Castle Tartar 7th century Caucasian Albania
10 Gulistan Castle Goranboy 5th century Caucasian Albania
11 Lex Castle Kalbajar 1140s Arsak
12 Shalat Castle Goranboy 4th century Caucasian Albania
13 Chilgigala Castle Lachin 10th century Arab Caliphate
14 Bayat Castle Tartar 1748 Karabakh Khanate
15 Baylakan Castle Beylagan District 5th century Caucasian Albania Beyləqan qalasının planı-001.jpg
16 Barda Castle Berde 1122 Arab Caliphate
17 Namerd Castle Gedebey 13th century Ilkhanate Empire Namerdgala fortress.jpg
18 Maiden Tower Jabrail 12th century Shaddadids
19 Jomard Castle Kalbajar 6th century BC Caucasian Albania
20 Kalaboynu Castle Kalbajar 4th century BC Caucasian Albania
21 Ktish Castle Khojavend 5th century BC Caucasian Albania
22 Kerki Castle Khankendi 4th century BC Caucasian Albania
22 Khan Castle Khankendi 2nd century Caucasian Albania
23 Kyurdakhany Castle Baku 18th century Baku Khanate
24 Shahid Castle Agjabedi 1918 Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan

Absheron Region[edit]

Name City Year Founder and Era Picture
1 Baku fortress Icheri Sheher 13th century Shirvanshahs Ichari Shahar1.jpg
2 Quadrangular Castle Mərdəkan (Baku) 12th century Akhsitan I ibn Minuchihr III Mardakanbashnya2.JPG
3 Icheri Sheher Castle Wall Icheri Sheher 1138 Shirvanshahs Baccu 1734.jpg
4 Nardaran Fortress Baku 1301 Shirvanshahs Nardaran Fortress.JPG
5 Ramana Castle Baku 14th century Shirvanshahs Фортеця в селе Рамана.jpeg
6 Round Castle Sabunchu District 1232 Shirvanshahs Mardakankrugbashnya2.JPG
7 Maiden Tower Icheri Sheher 9th century BC (The second time 12th century) Shirvanshahs Maiden Tower (Baku).jpg
8 Bilgah Castle Sabunçu, Baku 14th century BC Shirvanshahs
9 Shagan Castle Baku 12th century Shirvanshahs Qq1.jpg
10 Shikh Castle Baku 1232 Ilkhanake Empire
11 Burjs of Pirallahi Pirallahi Island 1329 Ilkhanate Empire
12 Yamin Castle Baku 1970s ASSR
13 Khazar Castle Sumgait 1910s Baku Governorate
14 Tovba Kasr Baku 12th century Salarids
15 Khalilullah I Castle Baku 15th century Khalilullah I/Shirvanshahs
16 Qochu Iskandar Castle Baku 1780s Baku Khanate
17 Caravanserai Castle Icheri Sheher 15th century Ak Koyunlu Empire

Ganjabasar Region[edit]

Name City Year Founder and Era Picture
1 Ganja fortress Ganja 16th century Safavid Empire Ganja fortress.jpg
2 Askipara Monastery Castle Gazakh 5th century Caucasian Albania
3 Old Ganja Castle Ganja 10th century Shaddadids Qala divarı qalıqları.JPG
4 Koroglu Castle Tovuz 16th century Safavid Empire
5 Gazakh Castle Gazakh 3rd century BC Caucasian Albania
6 Shamkir Castle Shamkir 17th century Safavid Empire
7 Hunan Castle Tovuz 8th century Caucasian Albania
8 Torpak Castle Tovuz 5th century Caucasian Albania
9 Galakent Castle Gazakh 6th century Caucasian Albania
10 Balchili Castle Goygol 11th century Salarids
11 Didivan Castle Gazakh 6th century Caucasian Albania
12 Rectangular Tower Gazakh 2nd century Caucasian Albania
13 Zurnabad Castle Goygol 13th century Ilkhanate Empire
14 Goyazan Castle Gazakh 14th century Kara Koyunlu
15 Seven Burj Castle Gazakh 8th century Caucasian Albania

Shaki-Zaqatala Region[edit]

Name City Year Founder and Era Picture
1 Sumug Castle İlisu 18th century  Elisu Sultanate Sumuqala1.jpg
2 Shamilgala (Galacha) Gakh 1850s  Zakatal Okrug Qalacha.jpg
3 Shaki fortress Shaki 15th century  Shirvanshahs Sheki krepost az.jpg
4 Gelersen-Görersen fortress Shaki 8th century  Sheki Kingdom Gelersen gerersen1.JPG
5 Jinli Castle Ağçay 8th century  Caucasian Albania Cinli qala1.JPG
6 Fairy Castle (Parigala) Zagatala 3rd century Caucasian Albania Fortress of Peri.jpg
7 Kabalaka Gabala 1st century BC Caucasian Albania Kabalaka 1.jpg
8 Aydinbulag Castle Sheki 9th century Sheki Kingdom
9 Hazrat Ali Castle Shaki 8th century Arab Caliphate
10 Nukha Castle Sheki 18th century Mahammadhuseyn Khan/Shaki Khanate Shaki fortress.JPG
11 Elisu Castle Gakh 1840s Elisu Sultanate Qala kompleksi.jpg
12 Chingis Castle Gakh 15th century Safavid Empire
13 Icheri Bazar Castle Gakh 1710s Safavid Empire İçəri bazar1.jpg
14 Hasan Khan Castle Gakh 1860s Zakatal Okrug
15 City Castle Sheki 3rd century BC Caucasian Albania
16 Zagatala Castle Zagatala 1830 Zakatal Okrug Zagatala fortress.jpg
17 Oguz Castle Oguz 7th century BC Median Empire
18 Girls Castle Gabala 820s Salarids
19 Surkhay Khan Castle Oguz 18th century Elisu Sultanate
20 Bum Castle Gabala 5th century Caucasian Albania
21 Vandam Castle Gabala 5th century Caucasian Albania
22 Malug Castle Oguz 9th century Shaki Kingdom
23 Saray Castle Sheki 1750s Shaki Khanate

Castles in Janub (South) Region[edit]

Name City Year Founder and Era Picture
1 Kynon Castle Lankaran 8th century Khurramites
2 Balabyur Castle Lankaran 7th century Caucasian Albania
3 Shindan Castle Astara 7th century Caucasian Albania
4 Lankaran Castle Lankaran 1726 Safavid Empire Lankaran Fortress.PNG
5 Zindan Castle Lankaran 1747 Afshar Empire
6 Chay Castle Masally Khurramites 810s

Shimal (North) Region[edit]

Name City Year Founder and Era Picture
1 Chirag Gala Shabran Rayon 4th century   Chiraq-qala.jpg
2 Shabran Castle Shabran 1st century BC Massagetae
3 Turan Castle Kusar 7th century Caucasian Albania
4 Anig Castle Kusar 9th century Emirate of Darband
5 Khoja Castle Khachmaz 12th century Seljuk Empire

Aran Region[edit]

Name City Year Founder and Era Picture
1  Baghravan Castle-City  The unknown  2nd millennium BC  Kura–Araxes culture
2 Ultan Castle Sabirabad 4th century Caucasian Albania
3 Surkhay Castle Agdash 17th century Arash Sultanate Surxay qalası Azerbaijan.jpg
4 Seljuk Castle Bilasuvar 11th century Seljuk Empire
5 Castle Sabirabad 4th century BC Atropatene
6 Bayramkoha Castle Goychay 3rd century Caucasian Albania
7 Safavid Castle Shirvan 1512 Safavid Empire
8 Su (Water) Castle Yevlakh 18th century Arash Sultanate

Shirvan Region[edit]

Name City Year Founder and Era Picture
1  Shamakhi Fortress  Shamakhi  1045  Shirvanshahs
2  Girdiman (Javanshir) Castle  Ismailli  640s  Caucasian Albania
3 Niyal Castle Ismailli 3rd century Caucasian Albania
4 Kala-Bugurt Shamakhi 14th century Shirvanshahs
5 Bashkal Castle Ismailli 13th century BC Shirvanshahs
6 Gulustan Castle Shamakhi 9th century Sajid dynasty Gulustan castle.jpg
7 Maiden Castle Ismailli 7th century Caucasian Albania
8 Khan Castle Ismailli 17th century Safavid Empire
9 Haram Castle Agsu 16th century Safavid Empire
10 Kasim Han Castle Ismailli 17th century Safavid Empire
11 Fit Castle Agsu 18th century Afshar Empire
12 Spring Castle Agsu 1741 Afshar Empire

Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic[edit]

Name City Year Founder and Era Picture
1 Chalkhankala Fortress Kangarli  3rd millennium  Aratta/Bronze Age
2 Sadarak Castle Sadarak Turukkis/15th century BC Bronze Age
3 Gazanchi Castle Julfa 2nd millennium BC Lullubi Kingdom/Bronze Age
4 Oglan Castle Sharur 2nd millennium BC Assyria
5 Gavur Castle Nakhchivan 20th century BC Kura–Araxes culture
6 Abbasabad (fortress) Babek District 1810 Nakhichevan Khanate Abbasabad Fortress.jpg
7 Jugha Castle Shahbuz 11th century Nakhchivanshahs/Bronze Age
8 Karasu Castle Sharur 2nd millennium BC Assyria/Bronze Age
9 Yezidabad Castle Nakhchivan 640s Sasanian Empire
10 Shapur Castle Shahbuz 1st century Caucasian Albania
11 Alinja Tower Julfa 1140s Eldiguzids Əlincə qalası.jpg
12 Ordubad Castle Ordubad 104 Caucasian Albania
13 Duylun Castle Babek District 6th century BC Median Empire
14 Nahajir Castle Julfa 2nd millennium BC Shulaveri-Shomu culture
15 Marzban Castle Babek District 9th century Salarids
16 Gul Kala Sharur 1140s Eldiguzids

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]