List of longest-reigning monarchs

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This is a list of the longest-reigning monarchs of all time, detailing monarchs and lifelong leaders who reigned for more than 50 years, sorted by length of reign.

  • Currently reigning monarchs are highlighted.
  • Note: the abbreviation "(HRE)" indicates a sovereign state within the Holy Roman Empire.

Monarchs with verifiable reigns by exact date[edit]

Rank Name State Reign Duration
From To (days) (years, days)
1 Sobhuza II[note 1] Swaziland 10 December 1899 21 August 1982 30,204 82 years, 254 days
2 Bernhard VII Lippe (HRE) 12 August 1429 2 April 1511 29,818 81 years, 234 days
3 William IV Henneberg-Schleusingen (HRE) 26 May 1480 24 January 1559 28,731 78 years, 243 days
4 Heinrich XI[note 2][1][2] Reuss-Obergreiz (HRE) 17 March 1723 28 June 1800 28,227 77 years, 103 days
5 Idris ibni Muhammad al-Qadri,[3] Tunku Besar of Tampin Tampin (Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia) 1 to 31 May 1929 26 December 2005 27,983 ±15 76 years, 224 days ± 15 days
6 Christian August Palatinate-Sulzbach (HRE) 14 August 1632 23 April 1708 27,645 75 years, 253 days
7 Mudhoji IV Rao Naik Nimbalkar Phaltan (India) 7 December 1841 17 October 1916 27,342 74 years, 315 days
8 Bhagvatsingh Sahib Gondal state (India) 14 December 1869 10 March 1944 27,114 74 years, 87 days
9 Georg Wilhelm Schaumburg-Lippe 13 February 1787 21 November 1860 26,944 73 years, 282 days
10 Karl Friedrich Baden 12 May 1738 10 June 1811 26,691 73 years, 29 days
11 John Louis Nassau-Saarbrücken (HRE) 19 October 1472 4 June 1545 26,525 72 years, 228 days[note 3]
12 Louis XIV France 14 May 1643 1 September 1715 26,407 72 years, 110 days
13 Heinrich Friedrich Hohenlohe-Langenburg (HRE) 29 January 1628 5 August 1699 26,121 71 years, 188 days
14 Parashuramrao Shrinivas Aundh (India) 30 August 1777 11 June 1848 25,852 70 years, 286 days
15 Franz Karl Fürstenberg-Donaueschingen (HRE) 15 November 1627 19 July 1698 25,814 70 years, 246 days
16 Jagatjit Singh Bahadur Kapurthala (India) 3 September 1877 5 May 1948 25,811 70 years, 245 days[4][note 4]
17 Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) Thailand 9 June 1946 13 October 2016 25,694 70 years, 126 days
18 Johannes II Liechtenstein 12 November 1858 11 February 1929 25,658 70 years, 91 days
19 Karl August Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach 28 May 1758 14 June 1828 25,584 70 years, 17 days
20 Alberico I Cybo-Malaspina Massa and Carrara 6 June 1553 18 January 1623 25,428 69 years, 226 days
21 Werner Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck (HRE) 31 October 1559 16 February 1629 25,311 69 years, 108 days
22 Heinrich Joseph Johann Auersperg (HRE) 6 November 1713 9 February 1783 25,297 69 years, 95 days
23 Friedrich III[note 5] Inner Austria (HRE) 10 June 1424 19 August 1493 25,272 69 years, 70 days
24 Friedrich V Hesse-Homburg 7 February 1751 20 January 1820 25,183 68 years, 347 days
25 Vikramatji Khimojiraj[5] Porbandar (India) 20 June 1831 21 April 1900 25,142 68 years, 305 days
26 Mummadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar Mysore (India) 30 June 1799 27 March 1868 25,107 68 years, 271 days
27 Sultan Muhammad Jiwa Zainal Adilin II Kedah Sultanate 15 February 1710 23 September 1778 25,057 68 years, 220 days
28 Johann Friedrich Castell-Rüdenhausen (HRE) 10 January 1681 23 June 1749 25,000 68 years, 164 days
29 Sawant Singh[6] Pratapgarh (India) 26 October 1775 5 January 1844 24,907 68 years, 71 days
30 K'inich Janaab' Pakal Palenque (Mexico) 29 July 615 31 August 683 24,870 68 years, 33 days
31 Christian Karl Reinhard Leiningen-Dagsburg (HRE) 3 November 1698 17 November 1766 24,850 68 years, 14 days
32 Franz Joseph I Austria-Hungary 2 December 1848 21 November 1916 24,825 67 years, 355 days
33 Ram Singh Bundi State (India)[7] 14 May 1821 28 March 1889 24,790 67 years, 318 days
34 Heinrich III Meissen (HRE) 18 January 1221 15 February 1288 24,499 67 years, 28 days
35 Aliénor[note 6] Aquitaine 9 April 1137 1 April 1204 24,464 66 years, 358 days
36 Amarsinhji[note 7] Wankaner (India) 12 June 1881 15 February 1948 24,353 66 years, 248 days
37 Constantine VIII Eastern Roman Empire 30 March 962 11 November 1028 24,332 66 years, 226 days
38 Khengarji III Cutch (India) 19 December 1875 15 January 1942 24,133 66 years, 27 days
39 Sulaiman Sharif ul-'Alam Shah Sultanate of Serdang 20 December 1879 4 December 1945 24,090 65 years, 349 days
40 Basil II Eastern Roman Empire 22 April 960 15 December 1025 23,977 65 years, 237 days
41 Leopold III Anhalt-Dessau (HRE) 16 December 1751 9 August 1817 23,977 65 years, 236 days
42 Ferdinand III Sicily 6 October 1759 4 January 1825 23,831 65 years, 90 days
43 John I Brittany 21 October 1221 8 October 1286 23,728 64 years, 352 days
44 Elizabeth II United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand[note 8] 6 February 1952 present 23,721 64 years, 345 days
45 Frederick William Hohenzollern-Hechingen (HRE) 13 January 1671 14 November 1735 23,680 64 years, 305 days
46 Ibrahim Johor (Malaysia) 4 June 1895 8 May 1959 23,348 63 years, 338 days
47 Sayajirao Gaekwad III Baroda State (India) 27 May 1875 6 February 1939 23,265 63 years, 256 days
48 Albert Anton Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (HRE) 4 November 1646 24 June 1710 23,242 63 years, 232 days
49 Anton Günther Oldenburg (HRE) 12 November 1603 19 June 1667 23,230 63 years, 219 days
50 Victoria United Kingdom 20 June 1837 22 January 1901 23,226 63 years, 216 days
51 Friedrich August I[note 9] Saxony 17 December 1763 5 May 1827 23,149 63 years, 139 days
52 Isa ibn Ali Al Khalifa Bahrain 1 December 1869 9 December 1932 23,018 63 years, 8 days
53 Charles III Upper Lorraine (HRE) 12 June 1545 14 May 1608 22,982 62 years, 337 days
54 James I Aragon 12 September 1213 27 July 1276 22,964 62 years, 319 days
55 Johann Friedrich II Hohenlohe-Neuenstein-Öhringen (HRE) 17 October 1702 24 August 1765 22,957 62 years, 311 days
56 Bernhard II Saxe-Meiningen 24 December 1803 20 September 1866 22,916 62 years, 270 days
57 Philipp II Nassau-Weilburg (HRE) 2 July 1429 19 March 1492 22,906 62 years, 261 days[note 10]
58 Leopold-Philippe Arenberg (HRE) 19 August 1691 4 March 1754 22,842 62 years, 197 days
59 Muhammad Ibrahim Khan Salarzai[8] Tonk (India) 20 December 1867 23 June 1930 22,830 62 years, 185 days
60 Saqr bin Mohammad al-Qassimi Ras Al Khaimah (United Arab Emirates) 17 July 1948 27 October 2010 22,747 62 years, 102 days
61 Nahar Singh, Raja of Shahpura Shahpura (India) 21 April 1870 24 June 1932 22,709 62 years, 64 days[9]
62 Hirohito (Shōwa)[note 11] Japan 25 December 1926 7 January 1989 22,659 62 years, 13 days
63 Kangxi Emperor[note 12] Qing (China) 7 February 1661 20 December 1722 22,595 61 years, 316 days
64 Tuanku Abdul Hamid Halim Shah Kedah (Malaysia) 22 September 1881 13 May 1943 22,512 61 years, 233 days
65 Philip IV Waldeck-Wildungen (HRE) 28 May 1513 30 November 1574 22,466 61 years, 186 days
66 Wakhat Singh Dalil Singh Lunavada (India) 31 October 1867 27 April 1929 61 years, 178 days
67 Paku Alam VIII Pakualaman (Indonesia) 12 April 1937 11 September 1998 22,432 61 years, 152 days
68 Victor Amadeus Anhalt-Bernburg (HRE) 22 September 1656 14 February 1718 22,424 61 years, 145 days
69 Lakshman Singh, Maharawal of Banswara Banswara State (India) 2 February 1844 29 April 1905 22,366 61 years, 86 days[10]
70 Ulrich V Württemberg-Stuttgart (HRE) 2 July 1419 1 September 1480 22,342 61 years, 61 days[note 13]
71 Ranbir Singh Jind (India) 7 March 1887 31 March 1948 22,304 61 years, 24 days[11][note 14]
72 Ernst Ludwig Hesse-Darmstadt (HRE) 31 August 1678 12 September 1739 22,291 61 years, 12 days
73 Johann Friedrich I Hohenlohe-Neuenstein-Öhringen (HRE) 11 October 1641 17 October 1702 22,285 61 years, 6 days
74 Wilhelm Moritz II Isenburg-Philippseich (HRE) 8 March 1711 7 March 1772 22,280 60 years, 365 days
75 Christian Ernst Stolberg-Wernigerode (HRE) 9 November 1710 25 October 1771 22,265 60 years, 350 days
76 Adolf III Schauenburg and Holstein (HRE) 6 July 1164 3 January 1225 22,096 60 years, 181 days
77 Leopold Ludwig Palatinate-Veldenz (HRE) 3 June 1634 29 September 1694 22,033 60 years, 118 days
78 Qianlong Emperor[note 15] Qing (China) 18 October 1735 8 February 1796 22,028 60 years, 113 days
79 Friedrich Günther Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt 28 April 1807 28 June 1867 21,976 60 years, 61 days
80 Pakubuwono XII Surakarta (Indonesia) 11 June 1944 11 June 2004 21,915 60 years, 0 days[12]
81 Johann Jakob I Waldburg-Zeil (HRE) 4 May 1614[note 16] 18 April 1674 21,899 59 years, 349 days
82 Christian IV Denmark 4 April 1588 28 February 1648 21,879 59 years, 330 days
83 Gustav Adolf Mecklenburg-Güstrow (HRE) 23 April 1636 6 October 1695 21,715 59 years, 166 days
84 Georg Friedrich I Brandenburg-Ansbach (HRE) 27 December 1543 25 April 1603 21,669 59 years, 119 days
85 Karl I Hesse-Kassel (HRE) 1 December 1670 23 March 1730 21,661 59 years, 112 days
86 George III United Kingdom [note 17] 25 October 1760 29 January 1820 21,644 59 years, 96 days
87 Honoré III Monaco 7 November 1733 19 January 1793 21,623 59 years, 73 days
88 Barnim I Pomerania-Stettin 23 January 1220 13 December 1278 21,509 58 years, 324 days
89 Louis XV France 1 September 1715 10 May 1774 21,436 58 years, 251 days
90 Pedro II Brazil 7 April 1831 15 November 1889 21,407 58 years, 222 days
91 Ludovico I Saluzzo October 1416 8 April 1475 21,373 58 years, 189 days
92 Abdul Halim Kedah (Malaysia) 15 July 1958 present 21,336 58 years, 185 days
93 Nikola I Montenegro 13 August 1860 26 November 1918 21,288 58 years, 105 days
94 Honoré I Monaco 22 August 1523 7 October 1581 21,231 58 years, 46 days
95 Philipp Hesse-Philippsthal (HRE) 16 July 1663 18 June 1721 21,156 57 years, 337 days
96 Wilhelmina The Netherlands 23 November 1890 4 September 1948 21,104 57 years, 286 days
97 Philipp I Nassau-Weilburg (HRE) 20 September 1371 2 July 1429 21,104 57 years, 285 days
98 Philipp I Hesse (HRE) 11 July 1509 31 March 1567 21,082 57 years, 263 days
99 James VI Scotland[note 18] 24 July 1567 27 March 1625 21,066 57 years, 246 days
100 Al-Mustansir Billah[note 19] Fatimid Caliphate (Egypt) 13 June 1036 10 January 1094 21,030 57 years, 211 days
101 Albrecht I Hohenlohe-Weikersheim (HRE) 16 November 1371 15 June 1429 21,030 57 years, 211 days
102 Rudolf I Saxe-Wittenberg (HRE) 25 August 1298 12 March 1356 21,018 57 years, 200 days
103 Afonso I Portugal 24 June 1128 6 December 1185 20,984 57 years, 165 days
104 Karl Nassau-Usingen (HRE) 14 February 1718 21 June 1775 20,946 57 years, 127 days
105 Karl Eusebius Liechtenstein (HRE) 12 February 1627 5 April 1684 20,872 57 years, 53 days
106 Honoré II Monaco 29 November 1604 10 January 1662 20,861 57 years, 42 days
107 Albert of Hohenzollern Teutonic Order, Prussia 13 February 1511 20 March 1568 20,855 57 years, 36 days
108 Christian Ernst Brandenburg-Bayreuth (HRE) 30 May 1655 20 May 1712 20,809 56 years, 356 days
109 Heinrich XVI Bavaria-Landshut (HRE) 4 December 1393 30 July 1450 20,691 56 years, 238 days
110 Karl Eugen Württemberg (HRE) 12 March 1737 24 October 1793 20,680 56 years, 226 days
111 Hermann II Baden (HRE) 25 April 1074 7 October 1130 20,618 56 years, 165 days
112 Conrad I Burgundy 11 July 937 19 October 993 20,554 56 years, 100 days
113 Karl IV Theodor Electorate of the Palatinate (HRE) 31 December 1742 16 February 1799 20,501 56 years, 47 days
114 Alfonso VIII Castile (Spain) 31 August 1158 5 October 1214 20,489 56 years, 35 days
115 Henry III England[note 20] 19 October 1216 16 November 1272 20,482 56 years, 28 days
116 Rainier III Monaco 9 May 1949 6 April 2005 20,421 55 years, 332 days
117 Abdullah I Al-Sabah Kuwait 5 September 1758 3 May 1814 20,328 55 years, 240 days[13]
118 Abdul Majid Khan II, Nawab of Savanur Savanur State 26 July 1892 8 March 1948 20,313 55 years, 226 days[14]
119 Sisavang Vong Laos 26 March 1904 29 October 1959 20,305 55 years, 217 days
120 Ganga Singh Bikaner State (India) 19 August 1887 2 February 1943 20,255 55 years, 167 days
121 Vittorio Amedeo II Savoy (HRE) 12 June 1675 3 September 1730 20,171 55 years, 83 days
122 Moulay Ismail ibn Sharif Morocco 14 April 1672 22 March 1727 20,064 54 years, 342 days
123 Friedrich Casimir Ortenburg-Neuortenburg (HRE) 4 July 1603 2 March 1658 19,965 54 years, 241 days
124 Ernst I Saxe-Altenburg 3 August 1853 7 February 1908 19,910 54 years, 188 days
125 Elizabeth II Jamaica 6 August 1962 present 19,887 54 years, 163 days
126 Heinrich IV Mecklenburg-Schwerin (HRE) 16 October 1422 9 March 1477 19,868 54 years, 144 days
127 Tuanku Syed Putra ibni Syed Hassan Jamalullail Perlis (Malaysia) 4 December 1945 16 April 2000 19,857 54 years, 134 days
128 Friedrich Magnus I Solms-Wildenfels (HRE) 7 October 1746 12 February 1801 19,851 54 years, 128 days
129 Ishwari Prasad Narayan Singh Benares (India) 4 April 1835 13 June 1889 19,794 54 years, 70 days
130 Joseph Frederick Ernest Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (HRE) 20 October 1715 8 December 1769 19,773 54 years, 49 days
131 Wilhelm Brunswick 10 September 1830 18 October 1884 19,762 54 years, 38 days
132 Sajjan Singh Ratlam (India) 20 January 1893 3 February 1947 19,736 54 years, 14 days
133 Heinrich V Brunswick-Lüneburg (HRE) 23 June 1514 11 June 1568 19,712 53 years, 354 days
134 Maximilian I Bavaria (HRE) 15 October 1597 27 September 1651 19,705 53 years, 347 days
135 Johann Ernst Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (HRE) 26 March 1675 17 February 1729 19,686 53 years, 328 days
136 Henry III Limburg (HRE) 10 August 1167 21 June 1221 19,674 53 years, 315 days
137 Johann Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein (HRE) 26 July 1426 9 May 1480 19,646 53 years, 288 days
138 Leopold IV Anhalt-Dessau 9 August 1817 22 May 1871 19,644 53 years, 286 days
139 Maximilian Wunibald Waldburg (HRE) 13 July 1663 16 April 1717 19,635 53 years, 277 days
140 Leopold I Anhalt-Dessau (HRE) 7 August 1693 7 April 1747 19,600 53 years, 243 days
141 Friedrich Ludwig Castell-Rüdenhausen (HRE) 23 June 1749 7 February 1803 19,586 53 years, 229 days
142 Ferdinand Ludwig Waldburg-Wolfegg (HRE) 21 August 1681 6 April 1735 19,585 53 years, 228 days
143 Friedrich III Germany (HRE) 2 February 1440 19 August 1493 19,547 53 years, 188 days
144 Cosimo III de' Medici Tuscany 23 May 1670 31 October 1723 19,518 53 years, 161 days
145 Bernhard von Spanheim Carinthia (HRE) 2 August 1202 5 January 1256 19,514 53 years, 156 days
146 Hugues IV Burgundy (HRE) 6 July 1218 27 October 1271 19,471 53 years, 113 days
147 Gottfried Oettingen-Oettingen (HRE) 1 October 1569 7 September 1622 19,334 52 years, 341 days
148 Fulk III Anjou 21 July 987 21 June 1040 19,328 52 years, 336 days
149 Wilhelm I/V[note 21] Jülich-Cleves-Berg (HRE) 6 February 1539 5 January 1592 19,326 52 years, 333 days
150 Muhammad Iftikhar 'Ali Khan Bahadur, Nawab of Jaora[15] Jaora State (India) 6 March 1895 18 December 1947 19,279 52 years, 287 days[note 22]
151 Federico II Sicily 17 May 1198 13 December 1250 19,203 52 years, 210 days
152 Hermann V Baden-Baden (HRE) 13 September 1190 16 January 1243 19,118 52 years, 125 days
153 Otto II Brunswick-Lüneburg (HRE) 13 December 1277 10 April 1330 19,110 52 years, 118 days
154 Waghji II, Thakur Sahib of Morvi[16] Morbi State (India) 17 February 1870 11 June 1922 19,106 52 years, 114 days
155 William II the Conqueror Normandy 3 July 1035 9 September 1087 19,061 52 years, 68 days
156 Emich XI Leiningen-Dagsburg (HRE) 10 January 1541 12 March 1593 19,054 52 years, 61 days
157 Ferdinand Maximilian II Isenburg-Wächtersbach (HRE) 14 March 1703 21 April 1755 19,031 52 years, 38 days
158 Christian Brandenburg-Bayreuth (HRE) 25 April 1603 30 May 1655 19,028 52 years, 35 days
159 Wilhelm the Elder of Waldburg-Trauchburg Waldburg-Trauchburg (HRE) 11 February 1505 17 March 1557 19,027 52 years, 34 days
160 Tahmasp I Persian Empire, Safavid Dynasty 23 May 1524 14 May 1576 18,984 51 years, 357 days
161 Henry I Brandenburg-Stendal 4 April 1266 14 February 1318 18,943 51 years, 316 days
162 Haakon VII Norway 18 November 1905 21 September 1957 18,935 51 years, 307 days
163 Friedrich Franz I Mecklenburg-Schwerin 24 April 1785 1 February 1837 18,910 51 years, 283 days
164 Umed Singh II[17] Kota State (India) 11 June 1889 27 December 1940 18,826 51 years, 199 days
165 Said bin Sultan Muscat and Oman 20 November 1804 4 June 1856 18,824 51 years, 197 days
166 Frédéric III Lorraine (HRE) 24 June 1251 31 December 1302 18,817 51 years, 190 days
167 Yeongjo Joseon (Korea) 30 August 1724 5 March 1776 18,815 51 years, 188 days
168 Constantine VII Eastern Roman Empire 15 May 908 9 November 959 18,805 51 years, 178 days
169 Franz Albrecht I Oettingen-Spielberg (HRE) 10 August 1685 3 February 1737 18,804 51 years, 177 days
170 Heinrich IV Germany (HRE) 17 July 1054 31 December 1105 18,794 51 years, 167 days
171 Pantsachiv Shankr Rao II Chimnaji Rao Bhor (India) 12 February 1871 17 July 1922 51 years, 155 days
172 Karl Wilhelm Anhalt-Zerbst (HRE) 4 July 1667 3 November 1718 18,749 51 years, 122 days
173 Franz Joseph II Liechtenstein 25 July 1938 13 November 1989 18,739 51 years, 111 days
174 Mir Ali Murad Khan Talpur, Mir of Khaipur[18] Khairpur (India) 20 December 1842 2 April 1894 18,731 51 years, 103 days
175 Charles I Hohenzollern (HRE) 15 January 1525 18 March 1576 18,690 51 years, 63 days
176 Udai Singh II Sahib Bahadur, Maharawal of Dungarpur[19] Dungarpur State (India) 19 December 1846 13 February 1898 18,684 51 years, 56 days
177 Friedrich I Baden (HRE) 5 September 1856 28 September 1907 18,649 51 years, 23 days
178 Johann Reinhard III Hanau-Lichtenberg (HRE) 30 March 1685 28 March 1736 18,625 50 years, 364 days
179 Zorawar Khanji Balasinor (India) 2 December 1831 30 November 1882 50 years, 363 days
180 Peter IV Aragon 24 January 1336 6 January 1387 18,610 50 years, 347 days
181 Jeanne Brabant (HRE) 5 December 1355 1 November 1406 18,593 50 years, 331 days
182 Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan I Sachin (India) 9 July 1802 25 March 1853 50 years, 259 days
183 Sigismund Hungary 31 March 1387 9 December 1437 18,515 50 years, 253 days
184 Pōmare IV Tahiti 11 January 1827 17 September 1877 18,512 50 years, 249 days
185 Simon VI Lippe (HRE) 15 April 1563 7 December 1613 18,499 50 years, 236 days
186 Shivaji III Kolhapur (India) 22 September 1762 24 April 1813 50 years, 214 days
187 Mwambutsa IV Burundi 16 December 1915 8 July 1966 18,467 50 years, 204 days
188 John II Komnenos Eastern Roman Empire 1 September 1092 8 April 1143 18,480 50 years, 219 days
189 Ernst Wilhelm Bentheim-Steinfurt (HRE) 10 February 1643 26 August 1693 18,460 50 years, 197 days
190 Dhundi Rao Chintaman Rao "Tatya Sahib" Sangli (India) 15 July 1851 12 December 1901 50 years, 150 days
191 Edward III England[note 20] 25 January 1327 21 June 1377 18,410 50 years, 147 days
192 Joanna of Castile Castile (Spain) 26 November 1504 12 April 1555 18,399 50 years, 137 days
193 Ivan IV Russia 3 December 1533 18 March 1584 18,378 50 years, 116 days
194 Rawarsinhji Pratapsinh Sant (India) 31 August 1896 22 December 1946 50 years, 113 days
195 Karl III Ortenburg-Neuortenburg (HRE) 4 December 1725 1 March 1776 18,367 50 years, 105 days
196 Johann Ernst of Waldburg Waldburg-Trauchburg (HRE) 17 November 1636 8 February 1687 18,345 50 years, 83 days
197 Elizabeth II Barbados 30 November 1966 present 18,310 50 years, 47 days
198 Niladhar Singh Deo, Raja of Sonepur Sonepur, Odisha (India) 27 July 1841 9 September 1891 18,306 50 years, 44 days[20]
199 Karl Friedrich Isenburg-Meerholz (HRE) 11 February 1724 14 March 1774 18,294 50 years, 31 days
200 Ludwig Eberhard Hohenlohe-Pfedelbach (HRE) 22 October 1600 1 November 1650 18,272 50 years, 10 days

Monarchs whose exact dates of rule are unknown[edit]

  • Note: These monarchs are grouped according to length of reign by year in whole numbers. Within each year-grouping, they appear in historical order. In a given year, there may have been a wide array of actual reign lengths based on days. Thus, this table does not present a pure ranking of monarchs.
Rank Name Country Reign Duration (approx. years)
from to
1 Pepi II Neferkare[note 23][note 24] Ancient Egypt 2278 BC 2184 BC 94 years94 years (disputed)
2 Taejo Goguryeo (Korea) 53 146 93 years93 years (disputed)
3 Ermanaric the Ostrogoth Oium 296 (disputed) 376 80 years (disputed)
4 Mahanyod Hariphunchai (Thailand) 670 750 80 years
5 Raja Sawai Basavalinga I Sundem (India) 1763 1843 80 years
6 Jangsu Goguryeo (Korea) 413 491 78 years
7 Mirian III Kingdom of Iberia 268 or 284 345 or 361 77 years
8 Raisingh Deo Patna (India) 1685 1762 77 years
9 Mohan Singh Rajgarha (India) 1638 14 April 1714 76 years
10 Tai Wu Shang (China) 1486 BC 1411 BC 75 years
11 Vakhtang Gorgasali Kingdom of Iberia 447 522 75 years
12 Johann Philipp[note 25] Stadion (HRE) 1666 1741 75 years
13 Sukhachain Jind (India) 1676 1751 75 years
14 Yo-Tha Hariphunchai (Thailand) 1197 1271 74 years
15 Wilhelm I Sayn-Wittgenstein (HRE) 1494 1568 74 years
16 Harald I Norway 860 933 73 years
17 Fazl Ali Khan II Bahadur Banganapalle (India) 1686 1759 73 years
18 Zhao Tuo Nanyue 208 BC 137 BC 71 years
19 Simon I Lippe (HRE) 1273 1344 71 years
20 Heinrich VIII Fürstenberg-Wolfach (HRE) 1419 30 November 1490 71 years
21 Pandukabhaya Anuradhapura (Sri Lanka) 437 BC 367 BC 70 years
22 Ponhea Yat Khmer Empire (Cambodia) 1393 1463 70 years
23 Johann Ulrich Stadion (HRE) 1530 1600 70 years
24 Muhtarram Shah Kator The First Chitral (India) 1585 1655 70 years
25 Shapur II[note 26] Persian Empire, Sassanid Dynasty March 310 379 69 years
26 Huan Qi (China) 636 BC 567 BC 69 years
27 Tshudpud Namgyal Sikkim (India) 1793 1863 69 years
28 Alberto Azzo II Este and Milan 1029 20 August 1097 68 years
29 Louis XIII Oettingen-Wallerstein (HRE) 1449 1517 68 years
30 Malojirao III Mudhol (India) 1737 1805 68 years
31 Sultan Mahmud Shah II Perak (Malaysia) 1653 1720 67 years
32 Johann III Sponheim-Starkenburg (HRE) 1331 1398 67 years
33 Ramesses II Ancient Egypt 1279 BC 1213 BC 66 years
34 Pharnavaz I Kingdom of Iberia 302 BC 237 BC 65 years
35 Nandivarman II Pallava Empire 731 796 65 years
36 Sagramji I Kumbhoji Gondal (India) 1648 1713 65 years
37 Zhao Song (China) 468 BC 404 BC 64 years
38 Khuman III Udaipur State (India) 878 942 64 years
39 Amoghavarsha Rashtrakuta Empire (India) 814 878 64 years
40 Friedrich IV Castell (HRE) 1285 1349 64 years
41 Zhuang I Qi (China) 794 BC 731 BC 63 years
42 Friedrich II Salm-Neuweiler (HRE) 1610 1673 63 years
43 Nicolas Leopold I Salm-Hoogstraat (HRE) 1707 1770 63 years
44 Jayavarman VIII Khmer Empire (Cambodia) 1243 1295 63 years
45 Ibrahim Ali Khan Tonk (India) 1867 23 June 1930 63 years
46 Philipp Ernst Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst (HRE) 1697 1759 62 years
47 Karl Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn-Altenkirchen (HRE) 1741 1803 62 years
48 Franz Wilhelm Salm-Reifferscheid-Krautheim (HRE) 1673 1734 61 years
49 Bhavsinhji I Ratanji Bhavnagar (India) 1703 1764 61 years
50 Cynan Garwyn Kingdom of Powys 00550-01-01c. 550 00610-01-01c. 610 60c. 60 years
51 Aescwine Kingdom of Essex 527 587 60 yearsc. 60 years
52 Pawl Glywysing 00480-01-01c. 480 540 60 yearsc. 60 years
53 Mutasiva Anuradhapura (Sri Lanka) 367 BC 307 BC 60 years
54 Sophie Bar (HRE) 1033 1093 60 years
55 Friedrich I Salm-Blankenburg (HRE) 1210 1270 60 years
56 Heinrich III Henneberg-Aschach-Römhild (HRE) 1292 1352 60 years
57 Heinrich II Salm-Blankenburg (HRE) 1301 1361 60 years
58 Otto I Solms-Braunfels (HRE) 1349 1409 60 years
59 Ludwig Salm-Blankenburg (HRE) 1443 1503 60 years
60 Mayadunne Sitawaka (Sri Lanka) 1521 1581 60 years
61 Vanghoji II Jagpalrao Nimbalkar Phaltan (India) 1570 1630 60 years
62 Hu Chen (China) 1045 BC 986 BC 59 years
63 Guilhem III Toulouse 978 1037 59 years
64 Otto I Salm-Kyrburg (HRE) October 1548 7 June 1607 59 years
65 Nan Zhou (China) 314 BC 256 BC 58 years
66 Heinrich II Baden-Hachberg (HRE) 1231 1289 58 years
67 Jayaba Mukne Jawhar (India) 1342 1400 58 years
68 Heinrich V Henneberg-Schleusingen (HRE) 1347 1405 58 years
69 Nikolaus III Tecklenburg (HRE) 1450 1508 58 years
70 Mulraj II Jaisalmer State (India) 1762 1820 58 years
71 Muhammad Shafi ud-din II Sambas (Borneo) 1866 1924 58 years
72 Maredydd ap Rhain Dyfed 740 797 57 yearsc. 57 years
73 Jing Qi (China) 547 BC 490 BC 57 years
74 Mithridates VI Pontus 120 BC 63 BC 57 years
75 Vseslav of Polotsk Polotsk 1044 1101 57 years
76 Roger II Foix (France) 1067 1124 57 years
77 Bernhard I Bentheim-Bentheim (HRE) 1364 1421 57 years
78 Yi Hham Hka Kengtung (Burma) 1403 1460 57 years
79 Ernst II Oettingen-Wallerstein (HRE) 1613[note 27] 3 March 1670 57 years
80 Johannes Waldburg-Waldsee (HRE) 1667 1724 57 years
81 Adolf Ludwig Wilhelm Sayn-Wittgenstein-Karlsburg (HRE) 1749 1806 57 years
82 Jashwant Singh Nabha (India) December 1783 21 May 1840 57 years
83 Andronikos II Palaiologos Eastern Roman Empire 1272 23 May 1328 56 years
84 Gruffudd ap Cynan Kingdom of Gwynedd 1081 1137 c. 56 years
85 Zhaoxiang Qin (China) 306 BC 250 BC 56 years
86 Mun Balhae (Korea) 737 793 56 years
87 Eberhard III Nordgau (Alsace) 864 920 56 years
88 Obizzo I Este 1137 1193 56 years
89 Berthold IV Henneberg-Schleusingen (HRE) 1284 1340 56 years
90 Sourigna Vongsa Lan Xang (Laos) 1638 1694 56 years
91 Qasim Yaqut Khan Jafarabad (India) 1678 1734 56 years
92 Prithvisimhji Gajsinhji Danta (India) 1687 1743 56 years
93 Sartanji II Vikmatji Porbandar (India) 1757 1813 56 years
94 Harendra Narayan Cooch Behar (India) 1783 29 May 1839 56 years
95 Mwezi IV Burundi 1852 1908 56 years
96 Idris ibn Abi Bakr Dar Qimr (Sudan) 1879 1935 56 years
97 Sargon Akkadian Empire (Iraq) 2270 BC 2215 BC 55 years
98 Mu Zhou (China) 977 BC 922 BC 55 years
99 Manasseh Judah (Israel) 697 BC 642 BC 55 years
100 Hiero II Syracuse (Sicily) 270 BC 215 BC 55 years
101 Cleopatra II Ptolemaic Egypt 175 BC
163 BC
124 BC
164 BC
127 BC
116 BC
55 years
102 Vijayabahu I Polonnaruwa (Sri Lanka) 1056 1111 55 years
103 Lý Nhân Tông Lý Dynasty (Vietnam) 1072 1127 55 years
104 Alaungsithu Pagan (Burma) 1112 1167 55 years
105 Heinrich II Hoya (HRE) 1235 1290 55 years
106 Parâkramabâhu VI Kotte (Sri Lanka) 1412 1467 55 years
107 Eberhard I, Count of Sonnenberg Waldburg-Sonnenburg (HRE) 1424 22 September 1479 55 years
108 Deobarao (Mohamedshah) Mukne Jawhar (India) 1435 1490 55 years
109 Nguyễn Hoàng Nguyễn Lords (Vietnam) 1558 1613 55 years
110 Pangeran Ratu Banten (Java) 1596 1651 55 years
111 Khagemba Manipur (India) 1596 1651 55 years
112 Janoji Nimbalkar Phaltan (India) 1693 1748 55 years
113 Karl Wilhelm Sayn-Wittgenstein-Karlsburg (HRE) 1694 1749 55 years
114 Avadhut Singh Rewa (India) 1700 1755 55 years
115 Prithvi Singh Deo Sonepur (India) 1786 1841 55 years
116 Khem Savant IV (Bapu Sahib) Sawantwadi (India) 1812 1867 55 years
117 Thutmose III Ancient Egypt 1479 BC 1425 BC 54 years
118 Wu Wey (China) 812 BC 758 BC 54 years
119 Psamtik I Ancient Egypt 664 BC 610 BC 54 years
120 Wu Han (China) 141 BC 87 BC 54 years
121 Renzong Western Xia (China) 1139 1193 54 years
122 Heinrich III Solms-Braunfels (HRE) 1258 1312 54 years
123 Jean I Armagnac (France) 1319 16 May 1373 54 years
124 Johann VI Salm-Badenweiler (HRE) 1451 1505 54 years
125 Magdalena Christina Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hachenburg (HRE) 1661 1715 54 years
126 Ferdinand Ludwig Waldburg-Wolfegg (HRE) 1681 1735 54 years
127 Kejeruan Junjungan Serdang (Sumatra) 1728 1782 54 years
128 Sayakumane Champasak (Laos) 1737 1791 54 years
129 Ntare IV Burundi 1796 1850 54 years
130 Hkun Yon Mong Pai (Burma) July 1836 February 1891 54 years
131 Ratu Kuning Pattani 1635 1688 54 years
132 Jinpyeong Silla (Korea) 579 632 53 years
133 Chongzong Western Xia (China) 1086 1139 53 years
134 Henry IV Luxembourg (HRE) 1136 1189 53 years
135 Heinrich III Upper Salm (HRE) 1240 1293 53 years
136 Heinrich II Castell Elder Line (HRE) 1254 1307 53 years
137 Johann II Holstein-Kiel (HRE) 1263 1316 53 years
138 Engelbert Sayn-Homburg (HRE) 1283 1336 53 years
139 Sao Nam Nam Kengtung 1364 1417 53 years
140 Diether I Isenburg-Büdingen (HRE) 1408 20 November 1461 53 years
141 Wilhelm II Castell (HRE) 1426 1479 53 years
142 Johanette Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn-Altenkirchen (HRE) 1648[note 28] 28 September 1701 53 years
143 Sao Yun Yawnghwe (Burma) 1762 1815 53 years
144 Pratap Singh I Alirajpur 1765 1818 53 years
145 Shrinivasrao Parashuram Aundh (India) 11 June 1848 1901 53 years
146 Uzziah Judah (Israel) 792 BC 740 BC 52 years
147 Bimbisara Magadha Empire (India) 543 BC 491 BC 52 years
148 Fan Yi Champa 284 336 52 years
149 Guillaume III Alençon 1119 1171 52 years
150 Rapoto I Ortenburg (HRE) 1134 1186 52 years
151 Henry I Brabant (HRE) 1183 5 September 1235 52 years
152 Johann VIII Salm-Badenweiler (HRE) 1548 1600 52 years
153 Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat Maguindanao (Philippines) 1619 1671 52 years
154 Rajasinghe II Kandy (Sri Lanka) 1635 6 December 1687 52 years
155 Chandrasinhji II Kesarisinhji Wankaner (India) 1787 1839 52 years
156 Lone Horn Lakota 1823 15 October 1875 52 years
157 Azad Khan Kharan (Pakistan) 1833 1885 52 years
158 Mir Ali Murad Khan Talpur Khairpur (India) 1842 1894 52 years
159 Waghji II Rawaji Morvi (India) 1870 1922 52 years
160 Fakhr al-Dowla Mohammad Eftekhar Jaora (India) 1895 1947 52 years
161 Hui Wei (China) 370 BC 319 BC 51 years
162 Alfonso II Asturias (Spain) 791 20 March 842 51 years
163 Vinayaditya Hoysala Empire (India) 1047 1098 51 years
164 Sizzo III Schwarzburg (HRE) 1109 19 June 1160 51 years
165 Balduin IV Hainaut (HRE) 1120 8 November 1171 51 years
166 Adolf I Mark (HRE) 1198 28 June 1249 51 years
167 Robert II Artois (France) September 1250 11 July 1302 51 years
168 Hermann III Henneberg-Aschach-Römhild (HRE) 1352 1403 51 years
169 Veera Ballala III Hoysala (India) 1292 1343 51 years
170 Ratan Chand, Raja Kahlur (India) 1355 1406 51 years
171 Froben Ferdinand Fürstenberg-Messkirch (HRE) 1684 1735 51 years
172 Duhaga Bunyoro (Uganda) 1731 1782 51 years
173 Franz Wenzel Salm-Reifferscheid-Hainsbach (HRE) 1760 1811 51 years
174 Alphonsus Adrianus (Nai Kau Sonbai) Sonbai Besar (West Timor) 1768 1819 51 years
175 Bhim Singh Jhabua (India) 1770 1821 51 years
176 Tun Ali bin Tun Koris Pahang (Malaysia) 1806 1857 51 years
177 Raja Bijai Sen, 16th Raja of Mandi Mandi (India) 1851 1902 51 years
178 Pantsachiv Shankarrao Chimnajirao Bhor (India) 12 February 1871 July 1922 51 years
179 Mentuhotep II Ancient Egypt 2060 BC 2010 BC 50 years
180 Hantili II Hittite Empire 1500 BC 1450 BC 50 years
181 Brahmāthat Ancient Chanthaburi (Thailand) 856 BC 806 BC 50 years
182 Ping China (Zhou Dynasty) 770 BC 720 BC 50 years
183 Wen Zou (China) 665 BC 615 BC 50 years
184 Xiang Zhao (China) 475 BC 425 BC 50 years
185 Xuan Qi (China) 455 BC 405 BC 50 years
186 An Dương Vương Thục Dynasty (Vietnam) 257 BC 207 BC 50 years
187 Bhavavarman I Khmer Empire (Cambodia) 550 600 50 years
188 Pvirakvarman I Chenla Kingdom (Cambodia) 550 600 50 years
190 Arechis I Benevento (Italy) 591 641 50 years
191 Vikramaditya VI Western Chalukya Empire (India) 1076 1126 50 years
192 Kulothunga Chola I Chola Dynasty (India) 1070 1120 50 years
193 Hermann II Salm (HRE) 1088 1138 50 years
194 Géraud III Armagnac (France) 1110 1160 50 years
195 Salentin IV Nieder-Isenburg (HRE) 1370 1420 50 years
196 Friedrich III Fürstenberg-Baar (HRE) 1509 1559 50 years
197 Ang Chan I Longvek Era (Cambodia) 1516 1566 50 years
198 August Anhalt-Plötzkau (HRE) 1603 22 August 1653 50 years
199 Ludwig Wilhelm August Egon Fürstenberg-Weitra (HRE) 1709 10 November 1759 50 years
200 Jamal Khan Malerkotla (India) 1717 1762 50 years
201 Fateh Singh Sitamau (India) 1752 1802 50 years
202 Kandhaji IV Palitana (India) 1770 1820 50 years
203 Janrao II Nimbalkar Phaltan (India) 1777 1827 50 years
204 Niladhar Singh Deo Sonepur (India) 1841 9 September 1891 50 years
205 Sao Kin Maung Möngmit (Burma) 1887 1937 50 years

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ He was proclaimed king at the age of four months, and his grandmother, Labotsibeni Mdluli, acted as regent until 22 December 1921 and then formally transferred all monarchial power to Sobhuza II: Swaziland National Trust Commission website, retrieved 29 August 2008. TheRoyalist.net takes the date of succession as the date on which his grandmother handed over the royal duties to him, not when he was proclaimed king.
  2. ^ Heinrich XI succeeded to the throne as Count of Reuss-Obergreiz in 1723 on the death of his brother, Heinrich IX (all male members of the family were named Heinrich in order of birth, even across cousins). In 1778 he became the first Prince of Reuss Elder Line.
  3. ^ Count Johann Ludwig was born posthumously, after the death of his father Count Johann II on 25 July 1472; he succeeded to the throne at birth.
  4. ^ Acceded to the Union of India on 15 August 1947. Merged Kapurthala into the Patiala and Eastern Punjab States Union on 5 May 1948, serving as its Rajpramukh from that date until his death on 17 June 1949
  5. ^ Also a long-serving Holy Roman Emperor as Friedrich III
  6. ^ More commonly known as Eleanor of Aquitaine, Aliénor was Duchess of Aquitaine in her own right, although medieval law dictated that her various husbands (Louis VII of France, Henry II of England) and sons (Richard I and John of England) reign with her jointly.
  7. ^ Merged his state into the United State of Kathiawad on 15 February 1948, but lived until 28 June 1954
  8. ^ This length of reign applies only to the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, as all of the other countries Elizabeth II is presently queen of had yet to gain independence at the time of her accession.
  9. ^ Friedrich August I was known as Friedrich August III before 1806.
  10. ^ Philipp II ruled as co-ruler with his brother till 1442 when they divided their inheritances.
  11. ^ Served as Regent for his father, the Taishō Emperor, from 29 November 1921 until his formal accession.
  12. ^ Longest de jure ruler of China, although the Qianlong Emperor held longer de facto power.
  13. ^ Ulrich V was Count of all Württemberg until its partition between Württemberg-Urach and Württemberg-Stuttgart in 1442. He continued as Count of the latter branch until his death in 1480.
  14. ^ Acceded to the Union of India on 14 August 1947, but retained sovereignty over his state until his death on 31 March 1948
  15. ^ Longest de facto ruler of China, although the Kangxi Emperor held longer de jure power.
  16. ^ Johann Jakob I succeeded as Truchsess (Archsteward), and was raised to the rank of Graf (Count) in 1628.
  17. ^ Exceeded by Queen Victoria as monarch of United Kingdom as a part of British Empire.
  18. ^ Exceeded by Queen Victoria as monarch of Scotland as part of British Empire.
  19. ^ Al-Mustansir Billah had the longest recorded reign of any Muslim ruler, according to his biographical entry in the Encyclopaedia of Islam, written by H. A. R. Gibb and Paul Kraus (see online version).
  20. ^ a b Exceeded by Queen Victoria as monarch of England as a part of British Empire
  21. ^ Wilhelm "The Rich" was Wilhelm I of Cleves and Wilhelm V of Jülich-Berg.
  22. ^ Acceded to the Union of India on 15 August 1947, but continued as a semi-independent ruler until his death on 18 December
  23. ^ Pepi II's figure has been disputed by some Egyptologists who favour a shorter reign length of 64 years, given the absence of attested dates known for Pepi after his 31st Count, which would equate to 62 years assuming the count to be biennial. Others point however to the consistency between the existing historical sources all crediting Pepi with over 90 years of reign. Finally, the lack of evidence beyond his 62nd year does not preclude a much longer reign, especially in view of the decay of the Egyptian state into the chaos of the First Intermediate Period at the end of Pepi's reign.
  24. ^ Japanese legendary emperors, according to the ancient Japanese calendar, ruled for very long terms of 60–70 years each. The longest ruler of the legendary emperors, Emperor Kōan, was claimed to have ruled for about 101 years. These figures are not included in the table because they are regarded as inaccurate by modern scholars.
  25. ^ Johann Philipp succeeded to the Lordship of Stadion at age 14 in 1666, was raised to Baron in 1686 and Reichsgraf (Count) in 1704.
  26. ^ Shapur II was crowned in utero: the crown was placed upon his mother's belly. This child, named Shapur, was therefore born king; the government was conducted by his mother and the magnates.
  27. ^ Ernst II ruled jointly with Friedrich VIII in the years 1602–13, but then ruled for 57 years as sole monarch.
  28. ^ Her mother was regent until 1652

References[edit]

  1. ^ Friedrich Wilhelm Trebge, Spuren im Land, Hohenleuben, 2005.
  2. ^ Thomas Gehrlein, Das Haus Reuß – Älterer und Jüngerer Linie, Börde Verlag 2006, ISBN 978-3-9810315-3-9
  3. ^ "Rulers of Malaysian States". 
  4. ^ "kapurth4". Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "porband3". Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  6. ^ "Partab3". Royalark.net. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  7. ^ "Bundi – Indian Princely States". WorldStatesmen.org. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  8. ^ "Tonk4". Royalark.net. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  9. ^ "SHAHPURA3". Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  10. ^ "BANS3". Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  11. ^ "JIND4". Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  12. ^ Indonesian wikipedia: Pakubuwana_XII
  13. ^ "Al-Sabah Dynasty". Royalark.net. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  14. ^ "India-Non-Salute-Savanur". Royalark.net. Retrieved 16 May 2015. 
  15. ^ "jaora4". Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  16. ^ "morvi4". Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  17. ^ "kotah6". Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  18. ^ "KHAIRPUR2". Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  19. ^ "DUNGARPUR4". Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  20. ^ "sonepur3". Retrieved 14 October 2016.