Marie of Anjou

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Marie of Anjou
Marie d'Anjou.jpg
Queen consort of France
Tenure 1422–1461
Born (1404-10-14)14 October 1404
Angers
Died 29 November 1463(1463-11-29) (aged 59)
Abbaye de Chateliers-en-Poitou
Burial Saint-Denis Basilica
Spouse Charles VII of France
House Valois-Anjou
Father Louis II of Anjou
Mother Yolande of Aragon
Religion Roman Catholic

Marie of Anjou (14 October 1404 – 29 November 1463) was Queen of France as the spouse of King Charles VII from 1422 to 1461. She served as regent and presided over the council of state several times during the absence of the king.[1]

Life[edit]

Marie was the eldest daughter of Louis II of Anjou, titular King of Naples, titular King of Sicily, and Yolande of Aragon, titular Queen of Aragon.[2]

Marie was betrothed to her second cousin Charles, fifth son of Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria, in 1413.[2] The wedding took place in April 1422 at Bourges. The wedding made her Queen of France, but as far as it is known, she was never crowned. [3] Her spouse's victory in the Hundred Years War owed a great deal to the support he received from Marie's family, notably from her mother Yolande of Aragon.

Queen[edit]

Queen Marie presided over the Council of state several times in the absence of the king, during which she had power of attorney as regent and signed acts in the position of "lieutenant of the king" (April 1434). [4] She made several pilgrimages, such as Puy with the king in 1424, and Mount St Michel by herself in 1447.

Marie and Charles had fourteen children, but her spouse's affection was primarily directed towards his mistress, Agnès Sorel, originally Marie's lady in waiting, who became official mistress to the king in 1444 and played a dominant role at court until her death in 1450, somewhat eclipsing the queen. [5]

Robert Blondel composed the allegorical Treatise of the "Twelve Perils of Hell" for queen Marie in 1455.

Queen dowager[edit]

In 1461, Charles VII died and was succeeded by their son Louis XI, making Marie queen dowager. She was granted the Chateau of Amboise and the income from Brabant by her son.

During the winter of 1462-63, Marie of Anjou made a pilgrimage to St Jacques de Compostela. It has been speculated that she had a mission in Spain as secret ambassador for her son, due to the political situation at the time and the fact that she made the pilgrimage during winter time, when the roads were so bad that such trips were normally avoided if possible. She died at the age of 59 on 29 November 1463 at the Cistercian Abbaye de Chateliers-en-Poitou (Poitou-Charentes region) on her return. She is buried in the basilica of Saint-Denis alongside her spouse.

Issue[edit]

Marie was the mother of fourteen children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Louis 3 July 1423 30 August 1483 King of France. Married firstly, Margaret of Scotland, no issue. Married secondly, Charlotte of Savoy, had issue.
John 19 September 1426 Lived for a few hours.
Radegonde after 29 August 1428 19 March 1444 Betrothed to Sigismund, Archduke of Austria on 22 July 1430.
Catherine after 29 August 1428 13 July 1446 Married Charles the Bold, no issue.
James 1432 2 March 1437 Died aged five.
Yolande 23 September 1434 23/29 August 1478 Married Amadeus IX, Duke of Savoy, had issue.
Joan 4 May 1435 4 May 1482 Married John II, Duke of Bourbon, no issue.
Philip 4 February 1436 11 June 1436 Died in infancy.
Margaret May 1437 24 July 1438 Died aged one.
Joanna 7 September 1438 26 December 1446 Twin of Marie, died aged eight.
Marie 7 September 1438 14 February 1439 Twin of Joanna, died in infancy.
Isabella 1441
Died young.
Magdalena 1 December 1443 21 January 1495 Married Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana, had issue.
Charles 12 December 1446 24 May 1472 Died without legitimate issue.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Murielle Gaude-Ferragu: Queenship in Medieval France, 1300-1500
  2. ^ a b David Green, The Hundred Years War: A People's History, (Yale University Press, 2014), 190.
  3. ^ Murielle Gaude-Ferragu: Queenship in Medieval France, 1300-1500
  4. ^ Murielle Gaude-Ferragu: Queenship in Medieval France, 1300-1500
  5. ^ Murielle Gaude-Ferragu: Queenship in Medieval France, 1300-1500


French royalty
Preceded by
Isabeau of Bavaria
Queen consort of France
1422 – 22 July 1461
Succeeded by
Charlotte of Savoy