Metropolitan City of Naples

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Metropolitan City of Naples
Metropolitan City
Aerial view of the Metropolitan City of Naples.
Aerial view of the Metropolitan City of Naples.
Coat of arms of Metropolitan City of Naples
Coat of arms
Country  Italy
Region Campania
Established 1 January 2015
Capital(s) Naples
Comuni 92
Government
 • Mayor Luigi de Magistris
Area
 • Total 1,171 km2 (452 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 3,128,700 (4,500,000)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISTAT 263 [1]
Website www.cittametropolitana.na.it

The Metropolitan City of Naples (Italian: Città metropolitana di Napoli) is an Italian Metropolitan City in Campania region, established on January 1, 2015. Its capital city is Naples; within the city there are 92 comune (municipalities).[2][3] It was first created by the reform of local authorities (Law 142/1990) and established by the Law 56/2014, thus replacing the Province of Naples in 2015.

The Metropolitan City of Naples is headed by the Metropolitan Mayor (Sindaco metropolitano) and by the Metropolitan Council (Consiglio metropolitano), since 1 January 2015 its head is Luigi de Magistris, as mayor of the capital city.

Demography and territory[edit]

Location of the Metropolitan City in Campania region.

Due to the presence of Vesuvius and Campi Flegrei, the city is vulnerable to seismic and volcanic activity.

The city is 96th out of 110 Italian provinces and metropolitan cities by landmass, with an area (1,171 km² including islands) that his smaller than the core comune of Rome (1,287 km²).[4] Naples is nevertheless Italy's 2nd largest city by population, making it one of the most densely populated areas in Europe; the metropolitan region also includes the municipality of Casavatore, the highest-density municipality in Italy (at 12,000 inhabitants/km²). While it contains more than half of Campania's population, it only occupies 8.6% of Campania's landmass (13,590 km²), creating a strong demographic and territorial imbalance with the other four provinces in Campania.

Municipalities (comune) in the Metropolitan City vary in size, ranging from 1.62 km² (Casavatore) to 117.27 km² (Naples); 60% of the municipalities are small (less than or equal to 10 km²), 36% of medium-sized (> 10 km² and ≤ 25 km²), the rest (11%) more than 25 km² and, of this, only two municipalities (Acerra and Giugliano) are between 50 and 100 km² and only the municipality of Naples exceeds 100 km².

Largest municipalities[edit]

Naples urban area.
Rank City Population Area
(km2)
Density
(inhabitants/km2)
Altitude
(mslm)
1st Naples 959,062 117,27 8178.2 17
2nd Giugliano in Campania 118,821 94.19 1261.5 97
3rd Torre del Greco 87,575 30.66 2856.3 43
4th Pozzuoli 83,412 43.21 1930.4 28
5th Casoria 79,542 12.03 6612 60
6th Castellammare di Stabia 64,553 17.71 3645 6
7th Afragola 63,935 17.99 3553.9 43
8th Acerra 59,483 54.08 1099.9 26
9th Marano di Napoli 59,470 15.45 3849.2 151
10th Ercolano 54,707 19.64 2785.5 44
11th Portici 53,888 4.12 13079.6 29

Metropolitan Council[edit]

Metropolitan Cities give large urban areas the administrative powers of a province, a system designed to improve local administration, create efficiency in spending, and better coordinate basic services (including transport, school and social programs) and environment protection,[5] the Mayor of Naples thus also has powers as Metropolitan Mayor, presiding over a Metropolitan Council formed by 24 mayors of municipalities (comune) within the Metropolitan City.

The first Metropolitan Council of the City was elected on 28 September 2014.

References[edit]

  1. ^ codes of metropolitan cities from January 2015 - istat.it
  2. ^ Craveri, Pietro (February 17, 2015). "Città metropolitana, lo statuto è di là da venire". Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  3. ^ Upinet.it
  4. ^ The metropolitan city is an historic challenge (page 16)
  5. ^ Vittorio Ferri (2009). "Metropolitan cities in Italy. An institution of federalism" (PDF). University of Milan-Bicocca. Retrieved 23 May 2011. [dead link]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°50′00″N 14°15′00″E / 40.8333°N 14.2500°E / 40.8333; 14.2500