Odo of Deuil

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Odo, Odon, or Eudes of Deuil (1110 – April 18, 1162) was an historian and participant of the Second Crusade (1147–1149).

Born at Deuil to a modest family, he became a monk and was a confidant of Suger, abbot of Saint-Denis. He took part in the Second Crusade in 1147, and served as the chaplain of Louis VII on the expedition.[1]

His narrative of the Crusade is entitled De profectione Ludovici VII in Orientem (On Louis VII's journey to the East), which relates the progress of the crusade from France to Antioch.[1] It was written so that Suger could compose a history of Louis' life. Odo explains the failure of the crusade in terms of human action rather than as the will of God, in contrast to the reasoning of Otto of Freising, his aims were to glorify Louis, but also to provide a guide for future crusaders so that the mistakes of the Second Crusade would not be repeated.

Odo blamed the Byzantine Empire under Manuel Comnenus for the downfall of the crusade. Odo's prejudice against Byzantium led Runciman to describe Odo as "hysterically anti-Greek."[2] However, Phillips has recently argued that Odo's view of Byzantium was possibly rooted in ideological differences which minor skirmishes between the crusaders and Greeks had brought to the fore, his prejudice should also be set against the experience of Conrad III of Germany, who wrote that Manuel treated him as a "brother."

Odo's account ends with the remnant of the crusade arriving at Antioch, and so does not include a description of the Siege of Damascus.

He returned to France and became abbot of Saint-Denis in 1151.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Odo of Deuil's" De profectione Ludovici VII in Orientem "as a source for the Second Crusade", Jonathan Phillips, The Experience of Crusading, Vol. I, ed. Marcus Bull and Norman Housley, (Cambridge University Press, 2003), 80.
  2. ^ Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades, Volume 2, (Cambridge University Press, 1999), 274.
  3. ^ Odo of Deuil's "The Journey of Louis VII to the East", Rudi Paul Lindner, The Middle Ages in Texts and Texture: Reflections on Medieval Sources, ed. Jason Glenn, (University of Toronto Press, 2011), 166.

Sources[edit]

  • Odo of Deuil, De profectione Ludovici VII in Orientem, tr. V.G. Berry (New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 1948).
  • J. Phillips, "Odo of Deuil's De profectione Ludovici VII in Orientem as a source for the Second Crusade", in M. Bull et al. (eds), The Experience of Crusading, 2 Vols (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), 1.80-95.
  • S. Runciman, A History of the Crusades, 3 Vols (London: Cambridge University Press, 1951-4).

External links[edit]